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lileatt^^ Collectanea 

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Vincent Stuckey Lean 


IProverbs (iSnaUsb d fovclQW), fom XorCt ant> Superstitions, 

also Compilations towards IDictionaries ot proverbial 

pbrases anb "Mor^s, ol& anD Disused. 

Vol. I. 

J. W. Arrowsmith, II Quay Street 

SiMPKiN, Marshall, Hamilton, Kent and Company Limited 




The MSS. of Mr, V. S. Lean have, in accordance with the 
directions of his will, been offered by his Executors to, and 
accepted by, the Trustees of the British Museum. Some 
of the beneficiaries under his will have thought that the 
devoted labour of so many years should be accessible 
to a larger number of students and others interested 
in Proverbs and Folk-lore than would be the case did his 
work remain open only to those who would frequent the 
British Museum, They determined, with the sanction of 
Mr. James Lean, one of the Executors, to print parts of 
the MSS, ; and they have gratefully to acknowledge the 
kindness and courtesy of the Trustees of the British 
Museum in allowing such portions to be printed. 

The time, however, allowed for this could only of necessity 
be limited, and it was therefore possible to do little more than 
print the MSS, as they were left by Mr. Lean : as the whole 
work practically consists of quotations, it would have been 
impossible to verify them unless a very considerable length of 
time was available for that purpose. The reader should bear 
this in mind if any parts of the work appear to him without 
form or arrangement. Had Mr. Lean revised the work for 
printing, he would probably have done much in the way of 
arrangement and collocation. 

The use of the term " Editor " may therefore be deemed 
a presumption on the part of him who has seen the work 
through the press. As Matthew Arnold said of the term 
"Professor," so may be said of the term "Editor"; there is 


an_editor of The Times and of Tit-Bits : the work might have 
been "overseen," but the phrase seems consecrated to the 
productions of the Kelmscott and other presses which would 
rival it : so for want of a less high-sounding word the term 
Editor has been used. 

Two facsimile specimens of Mr. Lean's handwriting 
(happily calligraphy indeed) are given : his method of work 
is shown by one, viz. the MS. of p. 361 of Vol. I. Having 
found his original, he added to it from time to time as 
he came across fresh references bearing on his subject, until 
the note-paper is replete to exhaustion : this is the case with 
the greater part, indeed almost the whole, of the MSS. 

His references to authorities are often Meredithian in their 
condensation, e.g. : — 

Chamberlain, W. W. W.—Sc. Sal.—Wr., V. of Voc— 
B. Jon., Ev. M. out of H. — Bed., Ephem. — B. E. N. 
D. C. Cr.—G., M. Y. Ale—]. D., Ent.— Nun., 1555— 
Kn. to K. /Cw.— Straff.— B. & F., K. ofB. P.— Wander 
— Cotton, B. B. — and numberless others. 

The Editor has set out these references more fully and 
added the number of the line to the quotations from Shake- 
speare (using the Cambridge Edition), and so endeavoured to 
make all the references to authorities clear to those who, 
without special knowledge, might find themselves hindered in 
the work of verification or the desire to see any passage in its 
full context. The Editor is also responsible for the Index 
and the Bibliographical References : he would like gratefully 
to admit the great help he has derived from Mr. W. W. Greg's 
work, A List of English Plays Written before 1643 and Printed 
before 1700, and its Supplement, in the compilation of the 

The Executors and others concerned have also to thank 
the proprietors of Notes and Queries for their courtesy and 
kindness in permitting the use of the queries and the answers 



thereto supplied by Mr. Lean, printed at the end of the work ; 
and Mr. E. R. Norris Mathews (Bristol City Librarian) for 
extracting these queries and answers from the files of Notes 
and Queries, extending over a considerable number of years, to 
whom also thanks are due for verifying dates in connection 
with the Memoir. 

The Memoir is from the pen of Miss Julia Lucy 
Woodward, of the Knoll, Clevedon, at whose request my 
duties were undertaken, and whose valuable help and co- 
operation I desire also to acknowledge. 

T. W. Williams. 


Vincent Stuckey Lean was born on the loth of April, 1820, 
at ig Bellevue, Clifton, Bristol. His great-grandfather, James 
Lean, came from Lesmahagow, in Lanark, early in the i8th 
century, and settled at Bridgwater, Somerset ; afterwards, about 
the year 1737, removing to Wiveliscombe, in the same county, 
where his son also resided. James, the eldest son of the latter, 
having married Lucy, daughter of Samuel Stuckey, of Lang- 
port, the founder of the Somerset Bank (now known by his 
name), moved after a time to Clifton. He was one of the 
managers of the Bristol Branch, which was first settled on 
the Broad Quay, and later (before being moved to its present 
position) in the picturesque old Dutch house at the top of 
High Street, then known as the Castle Bank. 

James Lean, then living at Clifton Hill House (nov.^ Church 
House), was Sheriff of Bristol, 1833-4. ^^ afterwards resided 
at ig Caledonia Place, Clifton ; was a Whig in politics, and a 
member of the Anchor Society, that one of the local societies 
founded in honour of Edward Colston with which Whigs 
associated themselves. He died in i84g. 

Vincent Stuckey, the youngest of nine children, was 
educated at private schools in Clifton and Failand, near 
Bristol, one of his masters being the Rev. J. Coles, of Clifton 
Wood, Bristol. Amongst his early playmates were John and 
Henry Lawrence (afterwards Lord Lawrence and Sir Henry 
Lawrence, of Indian fame). In one of his letters he mentions 
his early love of Horace, and his recollection of reading him 
as a boy in their garden at Clifton. Another reminiscence was 
of the Bristol Riots in 1831, when his father and brothers were 
sworn in as special constables. 

After leaving school he was for a time in Stuckey's Bank, 
Bristol. Either the work was uncongenial, or his thoughts 



may have been turned to the legal profession by the extra- 
ordinarily successful career of his cousin, Edward Jacob, who 
died about this time at the early age of 34. He entered the 
Middle Temple in 1840, reading in the Chambers of Sir John 
Rolt, with whom and whose family he contracted a life-long 
friendship. He was called to the Bar in 1843. 

Miss Rolt, daughter of Sir John Rolt, says of V. S. Lean : 

" He was one of my father's earliest (I think he and Mr. 
Humphry were the first) pupils. He was always a great deal 
at our house, and his taste for poetry, general literature, music, 
&c., made him a congenial companion to my father, He 
had a pleasing soft voice, and read aloud charmingly, poetry 
especially. Mr. Lean and Mr. Humphry travelled abroad one 
autumn, and the latter was taken ill at Bologna. ]\Ir. Lean 
stayed with him and nursed him.* Mr. Lean, not being 
dependent upon his legal work, did not pursue his profession, 
and therefore indulged his taste for books and literature ; and 
he preferred a quiet life to the bustle of a professional one — at 
least my father thought so. The collection of Proverbs was a 
work of years, for he always seemed to have a book on hand 
on the subject. He almost always when walking had a book 
in his hand, reading as he went along in his country 

In the course of the tour above referred to, which took place 
in 1850, he visited Rome, and Mrs. Burdett (another daughter 
of Sir John Rolt), then a child staying there, tells of the many 
kindnesses he shoM^ed to her — how he would take her to the 
places of interest and tell her their history, and of the 
irresistible attraction old book and print shops had for 

He remained abroad a considerable time ; and, quite abandon- 
ing any intention of practising at the Bar, in 1854 S^-ve up his 
Chambers and sold his law books. He never severed his 
connection with the Temple, however, frequently going to the 
Temple Church on Sundays and joining in the singing. Having 
a good tenor voice and a love of music, he joined one of the 
chief London Philharmonic Societies, and attended regularly 
the principal musical festivals as a listener. He was also an 

* Mr. Lean and Mr, Humphry remained friends througli their Hves, 
and the widow of the latter writes that her husband remembered with 
gratitude Mr, Lean's loving kindness on this occasion. 


ardent admirer of painting, and well acquainted with the 
principal masterpieces, ancient and modern, at home and 

After giving up his Chambers, he never again settled into 
rooms of his own, though always intending to do so. His 
books and other property were packed in cases and stored away 
in London from 1855 and after. He continually added to the 
store, and thus they remained until his death, though very many, 
if not most, of his books related to his life-study— the Proverbs 
of all Nations. 

From this time he went frequently abroad, always adding 
to his stock. Many parts of Europe were visited, especially 
Italy; and being fond of walking, he trudged two or three 
times through this country. 

His early friend, and connection, Alan Cheales, of Hag- 
worthingham, Lincolnshire, accompanied him on some of these 
walking tours into the wilder parts between Capua and Rome, 
and was, like himself, occupied in the collection of folk- 

In reply to a request, Mr. Cheales has supplied the following 
recollections : — 

" You ask me for some recollections of Vincent Stuckey 
Lean. Such memories at once take me back half a century, 
when I was a graduate fresh from Cambridge, proud to be 
the representative of Alma Mater for three years as her 
Travelling Bachelor, and he was fresh from that bedside of a 
sick friend at Bologna, which he had so tenderly guarded ; 
staying on until at last professional business had left him, and 
instead of Themis, the Muses were henceforth his clients. 
We first met at Rome. It was in the apartments of his brother, 
John Stuckey Lean, who had recently married my cousin, 
Monique Bellingham ; so that we were relatives and friends 
from the first. Then for five months we were thrown perpetu- 
ally into the most intimate relationship ; for five years more we 
met from time to time in England, and then drifted apart — 
myself buried those many years in a little country parish ; 
Vincent Lean travelling far and wide, to build up the great 
work he had projected, a resume and selection of the Proverbs 
of all Nations. Then at last, and of late, I suddenly awoke to 
find his name in all men's mouths as one of the most liberal 
and enlightened public benefactors of his era. 



" But my chiefest recollections all go back to those Italian 
days, when we were so seldom separate. First, the winter at 
Rome, with its endless objects of interest, combined with the 
pleasant society of our little English community; we frequented 
the same house where his musical acquirements were in such 
request and appreciation. 

"We both drank of Trevi's fountain as we left Rome in 
early spring for pedestrian tours southward — Vincent Lean 
soon to be lured back thither, myself but to cherish memories. 
Then began that closest intimacy, which either effectually joins 
together or separates. ' Can two walk together except they be 
agreed ? ' Then we started on one long tramp through the 
Pontine marshes and Caserta to the dominions of King Bomba, 
where we found Naples dominated by the cannon he had 
trained on it ; not that this disturbed the visitors. Here we 
picked up our old acquaintances, and began the same happy 
round of sight-seeing and social intimacies : some of these 
to come to nothing ; others, perhaps more fortunate, to end in 
lasting relationships. Pompeii, Amalfi, Sorrento, Capri, not 
least Passtum. What happy days and pleasant friendships 
these bring back ! Then we two left for Rome again, for the 
Holy Week ; this time by Capua, Monte Casino, and then 
through the Abruzzi, having more than one adventure in that 
wild and rough region. One night I remember the one inn could 
not receive us, and we had to fall back on the gendarmerie, 
who shared with us their rough lodgings. I rested, though not 
with repose, on a plank bed ; my companion smoking cheer- 
fully all night by the fire. Next morning, a wash at the public 
fountain, and the early cup of coffee, started us as fresh as ever 
on another long cheery journey. As your great Western poet 

has it — 

' What cared this body for wind or weather 
When youth and I were in it together ? ' 

S. T. Coleridge. 

And so we went towards Rome ; and the Holy Week and its 
varied ceremonials passed over us, culminating with the at 
length again allowed illumination of St. Peter's. And then we 
parted. I close with an example of his graceful diction and 
steadfast friendship. 

"There lies before me his bridal present, three years later 
— a magnificent copy of that prince of uninspired works, the 



Pilgrim''s Progress, and with this very happiest of wedding good 
wishes : — 

' To my fellow pedestrian in sunny Italy, 

Alan B. Cheales, and his Bride. 

At that stage of their pilgrimage 

Where their roads are uo longer separate, but one, 

May each help the other to " run well," 
And may much happiness attend them on the way ! ' 

V. S. L., 1854." 

His verj'' carefully - written MS. collection of Proverbs of 
All Nations and annotated books are the results of these 
and later travels, and were left by will to the British Museum. 
The following volumes are an endeavour to give a wider circle 
than the students there the opportunity of benefiting by his 
painstaking research. When in London, often for seven hours 
a day, day after day, he would be occupied in the Museum 
reading-room consulting, compiling, and noting down. 

His life was of the simplest and most self-denying : after 
an early breakfast came the reading at the British Museum ; 
then to the Windham Club for mid-day meal, papers, &c., of 
which his favourites were the Daily News and Westminster 
Gazette, he being an advanced Liberal in politics. In these 
times he would usually be found at the Temple dinners. 

In relation to this phase of his life, Mr. C. F. Wade, 
his nephew by marriage, of the Inner Temple, has contributed 
the following note : — 

" In the old hall of the Middle Temple, running crosswise 
near the top, and under the shadow of the Benchers' table on 
its raised platform, is the celebrated table of the 'Ancients.' 
This table holds eight of these august remnants of antiquity, 
who have certain privileges both in food and drink over the 
common herd of juvenile barristers and students sitting at 
right angles to them in long rows down each side of the room. 
They are the senior members or the Bar present who are not 
Benchers ; and though they do not change much in their 
attendance from night to night in Term time, they are a rather 
motley company. Here is an ex-Colonial judge ; here a retired 
Indian civilian ; a few bachelor barristers still in practice, and 
who have residential chambers in or near the Temple ; and, 
commonest of all, some ofd members of the Bar who do not 



practice, but who like to keep in touch with the old legal 
surroundings, and who moreover get a very fair plain dinner 
at a very moderate price. 

" Amongst these non-practising barristers was Mr. Vincent 
Laan, and it is doubtful whether any of the emeriti who sat 
there enjoyed the company and the rations more than he did. 
Unless he was really ill, he never missed a night, generally 
tramping it down the Strand from his club, the Windham, fn 
all weathers, and nobody who sat there was better read and 
more apt at conversation than he. 

"Talking, too, of his being really ill, nobody had more 
pluck in illness than he had. He always struggled to disregard 
and shake off not only passing maladies, but much more serious 
ailments, and it took a great deal to keep him away from his 
favourite haunts — the British Museum reading-room, the 
Windham Club, and the Temple. Besides the hall in the 
latter, the seats in the gardens and round the fountain in 
Fountain Court knew him well, as also did the Temple Church, 
where his tenor voice — sweet even in his old age — often joined 
in the harmony of the choir. He kept a good deal to himself, 
but when he did meet his friends at the Ancients' table in the 
old hall no one there was better company. He had his pecu- 
liarities both in his habits and in his ideas ; but such men as 
Mr. Lean are always missed and regretted, and when he was 
taken away, the Middle Temple lost one of those many links 
with the past, which may be renewed by fresh ones, but which 
can never be replaced." 

Although never married, he enjoyed quiet home life, and 
was specially kind to little children. Walks, especially country 
ones, were always an attraction ; and being devoted to wild 
flowers, he would pluck and press some in any book \\hich 
might then be his pocket companion. Later in life he would 
say he agreed with a writer who said he was " content to 
admire, not pick. Why should a flower not be allowed to 
enjoy its life?" Anticipating Mrs. Ewing's idea in "Mary's 
Meadow," he would, especially at Malvern, a favourite locality, 
piant seeds or roots in parts where they had not been found 
before. He also took interest in noting down and comparing the 
dates of spring flowers, the first bird's notes, &c. ; and in the 
autumn would bring home various species of fungi for the table, 
considered excellent abroad, but generally shunned in England. 



In 1S53-5 Spain and Portugal deeply interested him, also 
Argentina. In 1856 he visited Egypt and Syria, returning by 
Turkey and Greece. America, a country with which he had 
great sympathy, followed, with Cuba in 1857 ; and in 1858 
Algeria struck him with the difference in its beauty to the flat 
shores of the Nile, the part of Africa with which he had been 
previously acquainted. 

He was a constant contributor to Notes and Queries, being 
especially interested in verifying quotations, often quoting the 
saying of Lord Chancellor Campbell : " Each man has his 
hobby, and mine is not to suffer a quotation to slip without 
identification. It is fortunate that I am not a despotic 
monarch, or I would certainly make it felony, without benefit 
of clergy, to quote a passage without giving a plain reference." 

Being interested in word derivation, he occasionally sent 
contributions to Dr. Murray's great work, now in progress. 

Though so saving and frugal in his habits, he was always 
ready to help a cause that appealed to him, and many were 
the kindnesses he did unknown except to the recipients. By 
judicious investments he was able year by year to increase his 
capital and income, so as to be enabled to make the noble 
bequests hereinafter mentioned. 

In 1890 he had a serious illness, and he was thereafter 
constantly compelled to seek health resorts. In 1895, at 
Bordighera, bronchitis and heart failure again laid him low; 
from this illness he never thoroughly recovered. The winter 
of 1896 was spent at Clifton ; the summer in London, which 
he used to say he considered the coolest place in all 
England, quoting the well - knov/n lines, the jeu cV esprit of 
Captain Morris, once boon companion of the Prince Regent : 

" In Town let me live, and in Town let me die, 
For in truth I can't relish the country, not I ; 
If ever condemned in the country to dwell, 
Oh ! give me the sweet shady side of Pall Mall ! " 

The years 1897 and 1898 were spent at the Knoll, Clevedon, 
the residence of his niece, Julia Lucy Woodward (with an 
interval in London and Weston-super-Mare), and there he 
died on the 24th March, 1899, having just fallen short of his 
seventy-ninth birthday, and was laid in the family vault at 
Clifton Parish Church. 



By his will, dated the 4th June, 1886, and a codicil, dated 
the 20th November, 1893, he gave to the trustees of the British 
Museum the sum of ^50,000, which he requested them to 
appropriate at their discretion to the improvement and exten- 
sion of the library and reading-room, and he directed his 
executors to offer to the trustees of the British Museum all 
his MSS. and books annotated in manuscript, relating to the 
subject of National Proverbs (English and Foreign) for public 
use in the said institution, and to form part of the national 
collection therein. He gave to the Mayor, aldermen, and 
citizens of the city of Bristol the sum of £50,000, upon trust, 
to apply the same to the further development of the Free 
Libraries of the said city, and with especial regard to the 
formation and sustenance of a General Reference Library of 
a standard and scientific character for public use in the city of 
Bristol. And he requested the trustees of the British Museum 
and the Municipal Council in Bristol (but in nowise as a con- 
dition of the said bequests of £50,000 to each of them) to 
consider favourably the question of keeping open the libraries 
and collections under their charge during some part at least of 
each Sunday throughout the year. He also gave the following 
legacies to charitable institutions : — 

To Miiller's Orphanages, Bristol £20,000 

To the University College, Bristol ... 5,000 

To the Bristol General Hospital 1,000 

To the Bristol Hospital for Sick Children 1,000 
To the Weston-super-Mare Sanatorium .. 1,000 
To King's College Hospital, London ... 1,000 

With the assent of the residuary legatees, his executors 
have given his books, about 5,000 volumes, relating principally 
to Proverbs, Folk-lore and the like, to the Corporation of 
Bristol for their Central Library, the books to be kept together 
in one room and called the Stuckey Lean Collection. 


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Fac-siuiile of MS. of page 361, 


Relating to the United Kingdom and 
to Localities therein. 





"Books, like proverbs, receive their chief value from the stamp and 
esteem of ages through which they have passed." 

Sir W. Temple, Anc. &> Mod. Learning. 

"And Israel shall be a proverb and a by-word among all people." 

/ Ki7igs ix. 7. 


ll/rORE than two centuries have elapsed since Ray put the 
finishing touch to his great work on English Proverbs, and 
during that period they have fared but badly : little attention has 
been paid to them, and no one has so much as attempted to carry 
on or improve the system on which Ray proceeded. 

Thos. Fuller, the physician, indeed, in his Gnomologia, 1732, added 
a few proverbs that had become current since 1678 ; but their value 
was greatly diminished by the intermixture of a farrago of feeble 
maxims manufactured by himself — perhaps to justify the pretentious 
title he had chosen for his book. 

Of later issues it may be sufficient to say that Bohn by reprinting 
Ray and Ferguson, and adding a General Index, in which, too, a few 
modern proverbs — distinguishable by the absence of page reference 
— are inserted, did essential service. 

I wish I could say as much of Mr. Hazlitt. He, on the contrary, 
in his compilation of 1871, has made "confusion worse confounded " 
by casting everything, good, bad and indifferent — the good seed-corn 
of Ray's proverbs and phrases, the platitudinous chaff of Fuller, M.D., 
and his own scanty gleanings, — back into one heterogeneous chaotic 
mass. Perhaps a more perplexing or more provoking book of 
reference never passed the press. 

Of the several branches of Proverbial literature, the one which 
stands most apart from the rest is undoubtedly that which embraces 
the local and personal sayings of a country, inasmuch as being 
rarely of general application they look at people and places from a 



near and narrow standpoint — many, indeed, enunciating only a dry 
fact in the geography or weather-lore of a particular district. 

To Thomas Fuller, the Divine, we are indebted for gathering 
together from Camden's Britannia and other sources those relating 
to England. They form a distinct and acknowledged feature of 
the charming portraiture of each county drawn in his Worthies of 
England, and published in 1662, the year after his death. Preceding 
paremiographers, such as Camden and Clarke, had admitted these 
sharp sentences only sparely into their collections, and with great 
reserve, perhaps considering them too partial and personal, or 
possibly as too malicious. In the various provinces of France, 
however, many monographs on the subject have appeared during 
the last thirty or forty years, and notably in 1884 the Blason Popnlaive 
de la France of Messrs. H. Gaidoz and Sebillot has brought into a 
focus the Dictons and Sobriquets of the whole of France and her 
colonies, with the addition of others concerning the outside world 
as seen through French spectacles. The collaboration of many 
hands throughout the length and breadth of the land is undoubtedly 
needed for a satisfactory work of this nature. My sources of infor- 
mation for Proverbs not already gathered up have, of course, been 
the several County Histories and Glossaries, many of Murray's 
Handbooks for the United Kingdom, and the inexhaustible and 
perennial fountain of Notes and Queries. But people often seem 
indisposed to furnish the outside world with evidence of local 
jealousies and feuds which yet survive in the dictons injiirieux (as the 
French have it) of their place of birth or residence, and which they 
would fain have consigned to oblivion — a perfectly natural and even 
laudable feeling, but sadly checking the elucidation of national and 
provincial character. 

Many proverbs which no doubt have thus escaped me may, 
perhaps, come to hand before another edition of this work is called 
for. Meanwhile I need not say that communications of new material 


LEAN'S COLLECTANEA. introduction. 

will have my best thanks and attention. I have endeavoured to 
make the notes clear and concise, shortening Fuller's amusing 
observations, but giving with accuracy the gist of them. 

For the reasons already adduced I have taken this section of a 
large subject for separate publication — as an avant courier it may be 
of a comprehensive Collection of English Proverbs, giving the dates 
of their first appearance in literature, which I hope will some day 
see the light. 

It has occupied and interested me for a very long period, and 
now approaches completion, so far as such a word can be properly 
applied to work which is in reality " still beginning, never ending." 



Q. What three churches are those that have their several 
prerogatives before any others in the land ? 

A. Paul's, Westminster, and Salisbury. Paul's for his anti- 
quity, spaciousness, and strength ; Westminster for 
curiosity and workmanship, being 42 years in building, as 
is afore recited ; Salisbury for variety of Pillars, Windows, 
and Gates : Secondly — Paul's for the continual society of 
the living, Westminster for her Royal Sepulture of the 
dead, Salisbury for her tripartite calculation of the year, 
having in it as many windows, pillars, and gates as there 
are days, hours, and months in the year. — Help to Discourse, 
p. 344, 1619. 

Christ's Hospital. Dietary : 

Sunday all saints, 

Monday all souls, 

Tuesday all trenchers, 

Wednesday all bowls : 

Thursday tough Jack, 

Friday no better, 

Saturday pea-soup with bread and butter. 

Walter Thornbury. 

Public Schools. Winchester for gentlemen, 

Harrow for scholars, 
Westminster for blackguards, 
And Eton Bucks. 

Harrow for gentlemen, Eton for lords, 
Winchester for scholars, Westminster blackguards. 

Waterloo was won on the playing-fields of Eton. — Attributed to 
D. of Wellington. 

Trade, Manufactures. 

Es ist nicht alles aus England, worauf London steht. — Wan. 
A compliment to English fabrics. Home-made articles are 
often sold as such bearing a forged impress. At a table 
d'hote in Naples I saw a bottle of beer served at 3 francs, 
but the label of " Bass " had two clerical mistakes — one I 
remember was " Burton-opon-Trent." 

Drap d'Engleterre/le meilleur qui courre sur terre. . . . 
Meurier. — Colloqiies, F. 4 Y., 1558. soy huy sus. . . . — Id. 
Devis Familieys, ii. 1590. 

Ein Englischer hund macht so viel wie drei soldaten. — Hesekiel. 


Cinque Ports. 

Instituted by William I. in 1078 for the better defence of the 
coast, consisting of Dover, Hythe, Sandwich, Romney, 
and Hastings. Then Rye and Winchelsea were added as 
" nobiliora membra," after which the Cinque Ports were 
enumerated in the Memoria Technica : 

Has, — Dov, — Sea, — Hy, — 
Sand, — Rum, — Win, — Ry. — 

Later on Pevensey and Seaford were added as corporate; 
then five almost unknown places — Bulverhithe, Petit 
Shaw, Hidney, Beakesbourne, and Grange as unincor- 
porate. — Siissex, by Augs. Hare, 1894, P- ^^' ^ '^ ^^^o 
under Kent and Sussex. 


Millbank for thick shins* and graft f at the pump; 
Broadmoor for all laggsj as go off their chump; 
Brixton for good toke § and cocoa with fat ; 
Dartmoor for bad grub, but plenty of chat ; 
Portsmouth a blooming bad place for hard work ; 
Chatham on Sunday give four ounce of pork ; 
Portland is worst of the lot for to joke in — 
For fetching a lagging |j there's no place like Woking. 

Crutchy Quinn, 10 and a ticket. 
* ? of beef. t Work. \ Criminal lunatics. § Bread. |j Serving a sentence. 

Given by Michael Davitt (Leaves from a Prison Diary ; 1885) as 
found scratched with a nail on the bottom of a dinner-can 
at Portland. 


Excess of Moisture. 

[feeds— F. W.] 
When the sand doth feed the clay, [wet summer] 
England cryes, " Well-a-day ! " 
[England Woe and Well-a-day.— R., 1670.] 
but when the clay doth feed the sand, [dry summer] 

[feeds— F. W.] 
it is merry with England. — F. W. 
[then it's well with England. — R., 1670.] 
Because the clay predominates in the proportion of five to one. 
(?) If modern drainage has not greatly altered this. 
Winter's thunder and summer flood 
never boded EngHshmen good. — Ho., R., 1670. 
Summer in winter and a summer's flood 
never boded England good. — D. 
In England a bushel of March dust is worth a King's ransom. — 

F. W. 
Drought never bred [causeth a— F. W.] dearth in England. — R. 
No dearth but breeds in the horse-manger. — C, 1636. 
A famine in England begins first at the horse-manger. — F. W., 
i.e. with grain, as distinguished from the horse-rack (hay), 
for the scarcity of any grain soon makes the others dear. 
Whoso hath a mouth 

Shall ne'er in England suffer drouth. — R., 1670. 
(?) From the fog which he is obliged or the abundance of 
liquor he is tempted to swallow. 

When England wrings, [i.e. is "wringing wet"] 
the Island sings. 
i.e. the Isle of Thanet, where the chalky soil asks for much 
rain. — Murray, Kent. 

Rain, rain, go to Spain ; 
Fair weather come again. — Ho. 
Wenn es in England nicht regnet, so schneit's. — Wander. 
An English summer : three fine days and a thunderstorm. 
The English summer begins on July 31 and ends on August 

I St. — Ascribed to H. Walpole. 
England produces but one ripe fruit — a roasted apple. — 

The old English rule was: All summer in the field, and all 

winter in the study. — Emerson, New England Reformers. 
There are more days in the year in which you can take out- 
door exercise with pleasure in England than in any other 
country. — Ascribed to King Charles II, 
Plenty of [? fine] weather, but no climate in England. — 
(American, only a number of samples). 



Q. Whither should a man with most profit travel to learn the 
languages ? 

A. To Orleance for the French, to Florence for the Italian, 
to Lypsick for the Dutch, to London for the English. — 
Help to Discourse, p. 115. 1638. 

Q. What preheminence have our best linguists above others ? 

A . The Hebrews, that they drink at the fountains ; the 
Grecians at the rivers ; the Latines at the brooks ; the 
English and some others at the lakes. — lb., p. 119. 

The most auncient English wordes are of one sillable, so that 
the more monosyllables that you use the truer Englishman 
you shall seem, and the less you shall smell of the inkhorn. 
— Gascoyne Steel Glass, Arber rep., p. 35. 1576. 



Sith God hath made al under one 
let Albione now Al-be-one. 
Pontanus (Rob.), De Unione Britannia, 1604 (end). 

All countries stand in need of Britain, and Britain of none. — Lyly, 

Enph., p. 439 — Arb. 
Bona terra, mala gens. — A. Borde, 1542; E.E.T.S., p. 118. 
Schloss, briicken, kirchen, berg und brunnen, 
der Konig weiberwolle gespunnen, 
haben England das lob der schonheit gewunnen. 

Hesekiel, Land u. Stadt. 

Anglia Mons, Pons, Fons, Ecclesia, Faemina, Luna. — Lupton, 
London and the Country Carbonadoed, p. 97, 1632 ; Books of 
Characters, p. 303, 1857. 

England amongst all nations is most full of hills, wells, bridges, 
churches, women, wool. — Drunken Barnaby's Joiirl. 

You can't see a three mile radius of level land in all England.— 
? Glastonbury Tor. 

Triangularis forma. — Anglice Tr., 48 ro. 

If there were a bridge over the narrow seas, all the women of 
Italy would show their husbands a light pair of heels and 
fly over to Eng''- — Webster, West. Ho., iii. 3, 

England, they say, is the only hell for horses and paradise for 
women. — Dekker, 2 H. Who. iv. i. 

England was called (in the days of our ancestors) the Purgatory of 
Servants, as it was and is still the Paradise of Wives and 
the Hell for Horses. — Chamberlayne, Anglice Notitia, 1669, 

P- 513- 
England 's the Paradise of women, Hell of horses, Purgatory of 

servants. — F. W. 
L'Inghilterra e il Paradise delle donne, Purgatorio degli borse et lo 

Inferno de cavalli. — Fynes Morison, Itiny., iii. 53: Flo., 2d. tr. 

Angleterre le paradis des femmes, le purgatoire des valets, I'enfer 
des chevaux. — Ho. — Bacon, Promus, 1648. 

Of. Paris est le purgatoire des plaideurs, [Hommes. Cat. des 
Court. — Fournier, v. 79, 1661,] I'enfer des mules et le 
paradis des femmes. Tournebu. — Les Coutens, iv. 6, 1584 
{An. Th. Fr., vii. 207); E. Fournier, Var. Hist, et Lit., ii. 
284. And see Plaisant Galimatias, 1619. 

Qu'une jeune fiUe arrete son cheval sous un grand arbre, et 
vous contemplarez groupees dans un seul tableau les trois 
merveilles de 1' Angleterre. — Francs. Wey, Les Anglais chez Enx. 

Planting of trees England's old thrift. — Ho. Neiv Sayings, ii. 



England is the ringing island (bells). — F. W., — "having greater 
and more tuneable bells than any one country in Christen- 
dom, Italy itself not excepted." — p. 84. 

"The ringing island can mean nothing but the clergy of the 
Church of Rome, whose mysteries are all performed at the 
sound of large, middle-sized, little, and very little bells." — 
Motteux, Rabelais, Bk. V. 

Denison {Church Buildg., p. 130, 2d. Ed.) and others explain it by 
saying that we are the only people who ring our bells at full 
swing and practise change-ringing. 

Far feste alle campane, i.e. far allegria ; tho' that is more used 
in Engl'^ than anywhere else, inasmuch as it is called the 
Ringing Island. — Torriano. 

England were but a fling \i.e. a slight, light thing] 
save for the crooked stick and the grey-goose wing. — F.W.,?.i;. archery. 
Every English archer beareth under his girdle twenty-four Scots. — 
Ascham, Tox., Arb. rep., p. 84. See W. Scott. 

Britain's best bulwarks are her wooden walls. — Refrain of "When 
Britain on her sea-girt isle."— Written* and composed by Hook. 
* or Henry Green, 1785. 

Britannia rules the waves. — Thomson, " Rule Britannia." 

England expects every man to do his duty. (Nelson's Message.) 

Saint George to borrow : our Navy is afloat. — Barclay, Ship of 
Fools, i. 176. 

Englishmen never know when they are beaten. 

The English never fight better than in their first engagement. 
Quoted in Ch. Kingsley's Westward Ho ! as the saying of 
an old chronicler. 

England is a little garden, full of very sour weeds. — G. Said 
to have been often in Louis XIV. 's mouth during Marl- 
borough's campaigns. 

Do you know, sir, we Englishmen chiefly puzzle our heads 
about two things, that is to say, Religion and Trade ? — 
J. Wilson, Projectors, iii. 1665. 

A man in Amsterdam is suffered to have but one religion, whereas 
in London he may have two strings to his bow. — Tom 
Brown, Wks., iv. 115. 

High Church, and Low Church, and Little England. — Higson, 207. 

II y a en Angleterre soixante sectes religieuses differentes, et une 
seule sauce. — Voltaire. 

Free to come, and free to go, free to stay a night or so ; 
free to eat, and free to drink, free to speak, and free to think. 

The Englishman's Welcome. 

1 remember hearing Emerson say, in commencmg an address at the 
London Working Men's College circa 1872, that the world 
over, though every man was convinced that his own country 
was the best, yet all agreed to this — that England was the 
next best. — V. S. L. Cf. Herefordsh. 



An Ox left to himself would of all England choose to live in the 
North ; a Sheep in the South part hereof, and a Man in 
the Middle betwixt both, as partaking of the pleasure of 
the plain and the wealth of the deep country. — F. W,, 
Wilts, p. 143. 

largeness. — Aubrey, MS. Colin, for Wilish., 
The North for greatness, [Ashmolean Mtism. 

the East for health, 
the South for neatness, [buildings — A.] 

the West for wealth.— F. W., Dorset. Of Buildings. 
England hath cloth. Burdens hath store of wine, 
Cornewall hath tinne and lymster wools fine, 
London hath scarlet, and Bristowe pleasant red, 
Fen-land hath fishes ; in other place is lead. 

This is of our Lord disposed so, my brother, 
Because all costes should one have need of other. 

Barclay, Eel., iv. 
In the countrey of Canterbury most plenty of fish is, 
And most chase of wild beasts about Salisbury, I wis ; 
At London ships most, and wine at Winchester ; 
At Hertford sheep and oxen, and fruit at Worcester, 
Soape about Coventry, and yron at Gloucester, 
Metall, lead, and tynne in the country of Excester. 
Warwick of fairest wood, and Lincoln of fairest men, 
Cambridge and Huntingdon most plenty of deep venne [fen], 
Elie of fairest place, of fairest sight Rochester. 

A^., IV., xii.; Robert of Gloucester, Citron., ed. Hearne. 
Knight. What 's that strange lady there ? 

Wages. I think it be mistress Babee, sir, master Nucome's 
mistress ; for she looks like a Northern lass, 
made of a strange fashion, something like a lute, 
all belly to the neck [Sharpham]. — CnpiiVs 
Whirligig. D. 

And here [N. of E.] it is, they say in jest, their women never 
die ; as much as to say they live to exceeding great ages 
by eating no other sort of bread than oat-cakes. — Ellis, 
Modn. Husby., Oct., p. 24, 1750. 

There hath been an old saying that all evils rise out of the 

North. — Sir R. Barckley, Felicitie of Man, p. 339, 1636. 
No good comes from the North. — Ford, Stins Darlg. vi. 



Three ills come out of [from — Ho.] the North, 

A cold wind, a cunning Knave [crafty man — Ho.], and a sleezy 
cloth. — B. Jonson, Bart. F., iv. 3. 

Cold weather and crafty Knaves come from the North. — Ho. 

Out of the North 

All ill comes forth. — A WinUv Dvcam, 1649, p. 13. 

Northish. Over-reaching, grasping. — Baker, Nhamptn. Gloss. 

As deep as the North. — Jackson, Shropshire, W. B. 

You are too far North for me, i.e. too Knowing by half. 

Old things must shrink as well as new Northern cloth. — Webster, 
West. Ho., ii. i. 

Like Northern cloth. Shrunk in the wetting. — Taylor (W. P.), 
Navy of Landships. 

A Northern man may speak broad. — Bacon, Promiis (558), 1594. 

Sir Oliver. The devil take my soul, but I did love her ! 
Taffeta. That oath doth show you are a Northern Knight, 

And of all men alive, I'll never trust 

A Northern man in love. 
Sir O. And why, and why, slut ? 

T. Because the first word he speaks is — the devil 

Take his soul, and who will give him trust 

That once has given his soul unto the devil ? — Barry, 
Ram Alley, v. 

My conceit wandered like a Northern Shepherd's tongue when (half 
drowned in a wassail bowl) he tells the story of a lad that 
went to seek his fortunes. — T.M., Life of a Satirical Puppy, 
called Nim, p. 14, 1657. 

Dam. What is your name sir, or your country ? 

Boy. John — Try just my name, a Cornish youth and the poet's 

D. Vv'^est Country-bred, I thought : you were so bold. — 

B. Jonson, Magnetic Lady iii. i. 

The West of England — that is to say, the Clothing Counties (which 
we call the West, though they are South- West). — Defoe, 
Behav. of Servts., 1724. 

Zediand. Great part of the West Country where the letter z is 
substituted for s. — Devon, Dorset and Somerset. G. Diet. 

Tlip East is formed only by the washings down from the West. — 
Wr. White, Eastn. Engd., i. 2. 

Clergymen who have consulted God's honour with their own credit 
and profit, could not desire better for themselves than to have 
a Lincolnshire Church, as best built ; a Lancashire Parish as 
largest bounded ; and a London audience as consisting of 
most intelligent people. — F. W. Lancashire, w""- Camden 
says has only 36 parishes, while Rutland has 48. 



To come out of the Shires (pronounced Sheres). This is a pro- 
verbial saying relative to any person who comes from a 
distance, and the ground of it is that the word Shire is 
not annexed to any one of the Counties bordering upon Kent, 
which are Surrey, Sussex, Middlesex, and Essex ; so that to 
come out of a Shire a man must necessarily come from 
beyond any of these neighbouring provinces.— Pegge, Kenth. 
Pvov. 71, E. D. S. 

Cf. Rejoice, O English hearts, rejoice ! rejoice, O lovers dear ! 

Rejoice, O city, town, and country ! rejoice eke every shere. 

Beaumont and Fletcher, Knight of the Burning Pestle, iv. 5. 

From Berwick to Dover 

Three hundred miles over. — F. W. 

I doubt whether (the doors being shut) you shall speed of your 
desire (though you should run from Barwick to Dover, from 
Old England into new for it) and be admitted to believe. 

Danl. Rogers, Naaman, p. 367, 1642. 

Sir Gudgeon. D'ye hear this, Mr. Driver ? I shall order you, 
i' faith ! if there be any law between the Mount in Cornwall 
and Berwick Stairs. — ]. Wilson, Projectors, v. 1665. 
When Dover and Calais meet. — F. W. 

And yett not lowng agoo 
was prechars one or tooe 
that spake it plene enowgh 
to yow, to yow, and to yowe, 
Highe tyme for to repente 
this develyche intente 
of covitis the convente 
from Skottland into Kente 
this pracheng was be-sprent, 
and from the est frunt 
unto Saynt Mychell's montte. 
Vox Populi, Vox Dei : a complaynt of the commons against Taxes, 
p. 4, 1549, rcpy. 1 82 1. 
Old England = the Provinces. " Tom Wisdom went to Lunnon 
and stopt a wik, and when a come back a said ' Giv' I old 
England." — Mrs. Parker, Oxfordsh. Gloss., Sup. 



See Scotland and Ireland also, and Wales. 

Bustum Anglorum Gallia, Gallorum Italia. — Calf hill, A nswerto Martiall, 
1565, Parker Soc, 113. 

Loyaute d'Anglois : 
Le niutin Anglois. 
Bonne terra, mauvaise gent. —Prov. Flam. Fran., i6th Cy. 

England a good land and bad people (French). — F.W. 
Apt to revolt and willing to rebel. 
And never are contented when they're well. 

De Foe, True Born Eng"-< II. 

For Englishmen are ne'er contented long. — lb. 

Angli, velut Angeli. St. Gregory. — F.W. 

The King of England is the King of devils. — Ho., Parley of 
Beasts.— F.W. 

[Emperor of Germany King of Kings, King of Spain King of Men, 
and the King of France King of Asses.] 

Tres Inglesses : dos ladrones, el tercer rebelde. — Ho. 

The English are the best masters and the worst servants in the 

world. — Defoe, Behav. of Sevvts., 260, 1724. 
The flour of England fine enough ; the bran very coarse ; viz., the 

gentry and commonalty. — Ho., Nciv Sayings, i. 
In i8yy-8, during the Jingo delirium, the Germans added a new 

characteristic of "tall talk" to Speech is silver, silence is 

golden — " But Britannia metal is sound and fury, signifying 


English reden und teuflich meinen. — Wander. 

Foreigners say of us English that we are Lyncei foris, talpae domi. 

—Aubrey, N. H. Wilts, Pref. 
At Boughton, built by Ralph ist Duke of Montagu, in 17th century, 

there is inscribed on a chimney-piece in the Audit gallery, 

Mille douleurs pour ung plasure. Ne sis Argus foris et 

domi talpa. — Murray, Northants. 

Aimable comme un Anglois.— Gomes de Trier, Javdn., i6th Cent. 
Hilaris gens, cui libera mens et libera lingua: the old e[u]logium 

and character of the English nation. — Clement Walker, Hist. 

of Independency, 1648, pt. i-, 93- 
Topo el Breton/con su companon. — Nunez, 1555. 
Tra puttana e Breton/no se tien rason. — Ital. Nunez, 1555. 



A nation of shopkeepers. — Napoleon I. 

John Bull can stand many things, but he cannot stand two per cent. 

rate of interest. — Bagehot, Lombd. St., vi. 
J 'ai paye tons mes Anglois (creanceirs). 
II y a des Anglais dans cette rue : je n'y veux pas aller. — 

Oudin C, Fr. 
Der Englander lasst seine Moral am Cap der guten Hoffnnug, aber wenn 

er heimgekehrt ist,wird erwieder ein frommer mann. — Wander. 
Fal. But it was always yet the trick of our English nation if they 

have a good thing to make it too common. — Shak., 2 

H. IV., i. 2, 201. 
They say that the English only care for three things — Business, 

Politics, and Religion. — Saty. Rev., 2^/11, '85. 
Spiritual pride the epidemical disease of England. — Ho., TV. Says., iv. 
Scire Anglis sitis est, sitis est nescire Brittannis, 
Fastus Normannis crescit crescentibus annis. 

Camden, Remains, p. 19, ed. 1870. 

Williams. Ah, damnation! God damn! [Lion, 1789. 

Blondel. Goddam, Monsieur, est Anglais apparemment. — Coeur de 

Monsieur God-dam ! Diable, c'est une belle langue que I'Anglais ; 
il en faut peu pour aller loin ; avec Goddam en Angleterre on 
ne manque de rien : les Anglais a la vente ajoutent par ci 
par la quelques autres mots en conversant, mais il est bien 
alse de voir que Goddam est le fond de la langue. — Beau- 
marchais, M. de. Figaro, iii. 5. 

John Bull. G. ascribes this nickname to Swift's Hist., where the 
Sovereigns of Austria, France, and Spain figure as Squire 
South, Louis Baboon, and Strut ; the Republic of Holland 
as Nick Frog. 

A Britisher, 1829. 

II ne chassera jamais les Anglais hors de France. — Bvantome, I., ii. 

d' Angleterre con todo il mondo guerra 

ne vient bon vent ne bonne guerre. y paz con Inglatierra. Ho. 

The English never know when they are beaten. 

The French say the English were beaten at Waterloo, but had 
not the wit to know it. — Prov. Treasy.. Leipsig, 1880. 

An EngHsh bug. (An Irish taunt.) — G. Founded on the sup- 
position that the English first brought bugs into Ireland. — G. 

This was one of the Travellers' observed faults in England, camini 
mali ; that we had ill clothes and worse chimneys, for they 
smoked no charity. — T. Adams, Wks., p. 131. 

The English are the Frenchman's apes, i.e. in language and 

Jack would be a gentleman if he could speak French. — F.W., 86. 

In which respect (changeableness of dress) we are termed the 
Frenchmen's apes, imitating them in all their fantastic 
devised fashions of garbs. — Randle Holme, Academy of Annorie, 
iii. 5, 1688. 

VOL. I. 17 2 


The Englishman drawn naked with a pair of Shears.— Boorde, 
Intro, to Knowledge, ch. i., 1547 ; Dekker, Seven Deadly Sins, 
v., 1606. 

The New Guise of the Enghsh. — Camden, Rem , p, 13. 

Besides, I turned him to that long-tailed beast (the Ape) because 
they of his country [England] are called Stertmen, that is 
men with long tails, for which there is both tradition and 
story. — Howeli, Parley of Beasts, p. 29, 1660. Cf. Kent. 

Les Anglois couez qui descendoient et prenoient terre a Dieppe 
(having tails). — An. Tlieat. Fran., vii. 46. 

Non Angli sed Angeli. (Exclamation of Gregory the Great (a.d, 578) 
on seeing the English slaves in the Market-place at Rome.) 

Tout Anglais pris individuellement est un peu fou et tous les Anglais 
ensemble font le peuple le plus raisonnable de la terre. — John 
Lemoinne, /. des Debafs, June 21, 1887. 

This is a free country. (An Englishman's apology for speaking his 

The Peerage is the Englishman's Bible. 

Did not the People's William once record 
That every true-born Briton loves a lord ? 

Thorold Rogers, Epigrams, p. 84. 

John Bull loves a lord. — Quoted by Furnivall, E.E.T.S. Extra, 
vol. viii., p. xii. 

A right Englishman, neither idle nor well occupied. — CI. {Curiositas). 
A right Englishman sees with his ears and hears with his eyes. 

Never content with what you had before, 
But true to change and Englishmen all o'er. 

Dryden, Pro. to ''The Prophetess.''' 

A right Englishman knows not when a thing is well. — C/. 

cannot tell when he is well. — Ho. 

A true Englishman never knows when he is Avell. — CL, S.P.C., ii. 

As wanton as the EngHshman after a long peace. — Ho., New 

Sayings, iii. 
He can never hold his hand from the table ; which proves him a true 

Englishman, for he cannot leave it when it is well. — Brath- 

wait, Whimzies, A. Painter, 1631. 

They say it is an Englishman's quality not to let things alone when 
they are well. — Strafford, Letters, ii. 157. 

An Englishman is never happy but when he is miserable ; a Scotch- 
man never at home but when he is abroad ; and an Irishman 
never at peace but when he is fighting. — Quoted in Cakes, 
Leeks, Puddings, and Potatoes by Geo. Seton. Edinb., 1865. 

England expects every man to do his duty. 

The Englishman weeps. 
The Irishman sleeps. 

But the Scotchman goes till [i.e. while] he gets it. — Ho. 

gangs while he gets it. 



In the" meantime, patience, Courtine : that is the EngUshman's 
virtue. — T. Otway, Soldier s Fovtnne, iv., 1681. 

Compromise, the breath of the Englishman's nostrils. — World, 

25AO' '93- 
They have no fancy and never are surprised into a covert or witty 
word such as pleased the Athenians and Italians; but they 
delight in strong earthy expressions not mistakable. 

What shall we go out and kill ? (The after-breakfast enquiry.) 
An Englishman's idea of happiness is to find something 
he can kill and to hunt it. Like as children do with their 
babies [dolls] when they have played enough with them, they 
take sport to undo them. — Bacon, Pvomus, 356. 

The children of England take pleasure in breaking 
What the children of Holland take pleasure in making — i.e. toys. 

Percival, Span. Dial., ii. 

Englishmen by making their children gentlemen before they are 
men cause that they are so seldom wise men. — F.W., 216. 
Cf. Como los torneros engaha muchachos y saca dineros. 

A foreigner's observation. 

Moreover, of the English, especially [of the peasantry] it hath been 
[formerly and unhappily] observed that then it is happiest 
with them when when they are somewhat pressed and _ in 
a complaining condition ; according to that old rhyming 


verse : 

Anglica gens est optima flens 

[et] pessima ridens. 
Chamberlayne, Angl Not., p. 35, 1669 ; Piesent State 
of England, p. 44, 1673 ; BHss, Reliq. Hearu, i. 40. 

Rustica gens est optima flens 
sed pessima gaudens. 

Greg. Richter, Axiomata, Gorlitz, 1604, 4. 

lis s'amusaient tristement, selon la coutume de leur pays. 

When two EngHshmen meet, their first talk is of the weather.— 

(Johnson) Christy. 
L' Anglais remet son pantalon a Paris quand il pleut a Londres. 

None but dogs and Englishmen walk in the sun. An Italian saying, 
D'apres un proverbe Romain il n'y a que les chiens et les 
etrangers qui aillent au soleil, ces chretiens vont a i'ombre. — 
Baedeker, Italia Septentrionale, VIII. Regime. 

Ambassadors, Englishmen, and fools travel first-class. -N., VI., 

ii., 224. 
The devil or an Englishman will go anywhere. — Ih. 

Report of fashions in proud Italic 

Whose manners still our tardy apish nation 

Limps after in base imitation. — Sh., Rich. II. , i. i. 

Utopian youth grown old Italian. — Donne, Ep. to Wdton, 46. 



Inglese Italianato e il diavolo incarnate [Ho]. — Serdonati. 

I am English-born and I have English thoughts, not a devil incar- 
nate because I am Italianate, but hating the pride of Italy, 
because I know their peevishness. — l^ash, Pierce Penniless, 1592. 

The English go mad once every seven years, i.e. at the elections. — 

Ningun Ingles se va nunca a la cama sino haber hesto una extrava- 
ganza. — St. J. G., 24/2, '86. 

Anglia plena jocis, gens libera, et apta jocari, 
Libera gens cui libera mens, et libera lingua, 
Sed lingua melior, liberiorque manus. 

Alfred of Beverly. 

Gli Inghilesi non sono piii Inghilesi. Cosi dicono i popolani di 
Roma per significare che gli Inglesi non sono piii cosi 
splendidi come in addietro. — Strafforello. 

Chi promette mari monti, e montagna 
non ha credito in Bretagna. — FL, G. 

Cote Angles passe, larzent pousse (ou passent les Anglais I'argent 
pousse. ) — M. C. Baissae, Patois Creole Mauricien, Nancy, 
1880, p. 159. 

^a qui Angles cause, zautes, meme tende ce que disent les Anglais, 
eux seuls le comprennent. — lb., p. 156. 

The labouring poor, in spite of double pay. 
Are saucy, mutinous, and beggarly ; 
So lavish of their money and their time. 
That want of forecast is the nation's crime. 
Good drunken company is their delight, 
And what they get by day they spend by night. 

Defoe, True-horn Englishman, II. 

Britain is 
A world by itself, and we will nothing pay 
For wearing our own noses. — Shak., Cymb., iii. i. 

An Englishman hath three qualities ; he can suffer no partner in 
his love, no stranger to be his equal, nor to be dared by any. 
Lyly, Eiiphues and his England. 

An Englishman does not travel to see Englishmen. — Sterne, 
Sentimental Journey, Pref. 

Civis Romanus sura. — Attributed to Palmerston, but anticipated 
by Cromwell. 

Some of Blake's sailors had got into trouble at Malaga for show- 
ing disrespect to a procession of the Host. Blake demanded 
that the priest who had incited the mob in revenge to maltreat 
the sailors should be given up to him, and on his making his 
appearance and defending what he had done, Blake answered 
that if he had sent a complaint to him he would have punished 
them severely . . . but he took it ill that he had set on the 
Spaniards to do it ; for he would have all the world to know 
that an Englishman was only to be punished by an English- 
man. . . . Cromwell was much delighted with this, and read 


the letters in Council with great satisfaction, and said he 
hoped he should make the name of an Englishman as great 
as ever that of a Roman had been. — Burnet, History of his 
oimi Times, Bk. L 
A witty foreigner once said that if three Englishmen were ship- 
wrecked on a desert island, their first proceeding would be 
that one would propose, another second, that the third should 
take the chair. — Bp. Creighton (Peterborough, afterwards 
London), Romanes Lecture at Oxford, June 17th, 1896. 

There are no people who sigh for the place of their birth like 
Englishmen. They make good colonists and wander to the 
most remote parts of the earth ; but, as Carlyle has some- 
where said, all these wanderers are home-sick to a man. 
The last of all the emigrants [immigrants] who become 
naturalised in the United States is the Englishman. — L. J. 
Jennings, Rambles among the Hills, 1880, p, 264. 

Inside Shepheard's Hotel [Cairo] you will find just the Bel Alp in 
winter quarters. All the people who live in their boxes and 
grand hotels, who know all lands but no languages, who have 
been everywhere and done nothing, looked at everything and 
seen nothing, read everything and know nothing, who spoil 
the globe by trotting on it. And outside is the native 
complement of them, guides and donkey-boys, &c. — G. W. 
Steevens, Egypt in 1898 (American), London, p. 49, Svo, 

They (the English) fare sumptiously, God is served in their churches 
devoutly, but treason and deceit among them is used craftyly, 
ye more pity ; for if they were true within themselfs thei nede 
not to feare, although all nations were set against them. — 
Borde, Bohe of Introdn. of Knowledge, A, 4. 

If England's Peers and People join in one, 

Nor Pope, nor France, nor Spain can do them wrong. 

King John, 1591. 
This England never did, nor never shall. 
Lie at the proud foot of a conqueror. 
But when it first did help to wound itself: 
Now these her princes are come home again, 
Come the three corners of the world in arms, 
And we shall shock them : nought shall make us rue, 
If England to itself do rest but true. 

Shak., K. John, v. 7. 
It was said of the British nation by Voltaire, that, like their beer, 
the top was froth, the bottom dregs, but the middle excellent. 
(Meaning the classes ?) 

Permanence of Families. 

Some curious examples are cited to show the stability of 
English families. Their proverb is that 50 miles from 
London a family will last an hundred years ; at 100 miles, 
two hundred years; and so on; but I doubt that steam, 
the enemy of time, as well as of space, will disturb these 
ancient rules. —Emerson, English Traits — Aristocracy. 



Neither one's self nor mankind is served by national vanity. — 
German. Quoted. M. Davitt's Prison Diary. 

L' Anglais invente, le Francais perfectionne. — Ausland, 1871, No. 18. 

In Italien sind die Weiber eingezogen und bose, in Deutschland 
hauslich und kaltsinnig, in England Koniginnen und allzu 
frei, in Frankreich Frauen und prachtig, in Spanien sklavish 
und verXiehi.— Deutsche Romanzen, iii. 45. 

Wenn italien Guitarre spielt, Spanien Castagnetten schlagt, Frank- 
reich seine Lauten riihrt, Irland dazu Harfe tragt, Deutschland 
die Trompete blast, England Violinen streicht, die Schweiz 
pfeift, Holland lasst die Trommeln horen, nichts dem gleicht. 
— Berckernmcyer. 

Frenchmen synne in lechery 
and Englysmen yn enuye. 

Rob. Brunne, Handlyng of Synne. 

Cogli Inglesi i grandi servigi, coi Frances! i rigaardi, cogli Italian! 

le maniere. — Ted. Straff. 
II mondo per I'lnglese e una tragedia, e pel Francese una commedia. 


La podagra e la malattia degli Inglesi e la pietra dei Tedeschi. — lb. 

Unter drei Italiern fmdet man zwei geistliche, unter drei Spaniern 
zwei windmacher, unter drei Deutschen zwei Soldaten, unter 
drei Franzosen zwei Koche und unter drei Englandern zwei 
Hurenhengste. — Der Gesellschaftev (Magdeburg, 1784). 

The English love, the French make love. — Christy. 

A Frenchman invented the dickey (false front), the Englishman 
added the shirt. — Emerson, Led. on France, 1856. 

Ane Ingliss man worthe Frenche twa.* — Andrew of Wyntoun, 
Ryniing Chron. of Scotd., 1420, B. viii., ch. 43 ; Ed. Laing, ii. 

* This, it must be remarked, is a British estimate. 

I thought upon one pair of English legs. Sec Douce, Illn. of Shak., 
ii. 346, where this prov. is referred to Odo de Ceriton 
(XII. Centy.). 

Did march three Frenchmen. — Shak., Hen. V., iii., 6. 

One Frenchman can beat two Portugeeee 
one Englishman can lick all three. 

Cited by Ch. Kingsley. 


LEAN'S COLLECTANEA. comparisons. 

Another reading: Two skinny Frenchmen, one Portugee, 

one jolly Englishman will beat 'em all three. 

Der Konig in Frankreich ist Rex asinorum, der Konig von Spanien 
Rex hominum, der Konig von England Rex diabolorum, der 
Kaiser aber Rex Regum. — Wander. 

Der Konig von Frankreich ist ein Konig der Esel, denn was er 
seinen Unterthanen auferlegt, das miissen sie than ; der 
Konig in England ist ein Konig der Leute, was er ihnen 
auferlegt, das genehmigen sie ; aber der Kaiser ist ein 
Konig der Fiirsten, die than, was ihnen gefallt. — A saying of 
Maximilian L (Zinkgref). 

Germanic beginnes a dance 
that passes through Italie, Spain and France, 
but England must pay the pyper. 

Patk. Gordon, Britanes Distemper, 1639 
(Spalding Club ed., p. 57). 

Bere (alia Todesca) il vino : la matina puro, a descinar senza acqua, 
e a cena come viene dal tonello. — Florio, 2d Frutes, 1591. 

I learned [the song] in England, where indeed they are more potent 
in potting ; your Dane, your German, and your swag-bellied 
Hollander are — drink ho ! — nothing to your Englishmen. — 
Shak,, Othello, ii. 3. 

It takes four Turks to overreach one Frank, two Franks to cheat 
one Greek, two Greeks to cheat one Jew, and six Jews to 
cheat one Armenian. — A saying on Liverpool Exchange. 

Glove. It was anciently a popular saying that Three Kingdoms 
must contribute to the formation of a good glove : Spain to 
prepare the leather, France to cut it out, and England to sew 
it. — S. W. Singer, N. L, ii. 165. 

On, English fool ! wanton Italianly ; go Frenchly ; Dutchly drink ; 
breathe Indianly. — Hy. Buttes, Dycfs Dry Dinner, 1599 ; 
Epilogue on Tobacco, P. 4 r. 

Non vogliate mai dar fede a Faremo de Roma ; agli Adesso adesso 
d'ltalia, a Magnana di Spagna, a By-and-by d'Inghilterra, a 
\Varrant you di Scotia e a Tantost di Francia, perche tutte 
sono ciancie. — Florio, 2d Frutes, 1591. 

Led. There's a saying when they commend nations: it goes, the 
Irishman for his hand, the Welchman for a leg, the English- 
man for a face, the Dutchman for a beard. 

Fon. I'faith they may make swabbers of them. 

Led. The Spaniard — let me see — for a little foot : I take it the 
Frenchman — what a pox hath he ? and so of the rest. — 
Dekker, Honest Who., II., i. i. 

Dal Tedesco negro, Spagnuolo bianco, Italiano rosso guarda mi Dio. 

I Don di Spagna, i Conti d'Alemagna, i Monsieur di Francia, i 
Vescovi d'ltalia, i Cavaglieri di Napoli, i Lordi di Scotia, gli 
Hidalgi di Portogallo, i minori Fratelli d'Inghilterra e i 
Nobili d'Ungaria fanno una povera compagnia. — Florio, 2d 
Frutes, 1591 ; Dial., vi. 



The French hath valour, but with it vanitatem et levitatem ; 
the Dutch hath honest deahng, but gulam et ebrietatem ; 
the Italian discreet carriage, but procationem et libidinem. 

Help to Discourse, p. 115, 1638. 
An Italian traveller used to say that the Portuguese seems a fool and 
is so ; the Spaniard seems wise and is a fool ; the Frenchman 
seems a fool and is wise ; the Englishman is wise but cannot 
show it ; the Italian both is wise and seems so, and the 
Dutchman would be wise but for the pot. — Copley, WitSf 
Fits, and Fancies, 1614, p, log. 

Franzosen imd Russen gehort das Land, 

Das Meer gehort den Britten, 
Wir aber fiihren im Luftreich des Traums 
Die Herrschaft unbestritten, — J. P. Richter. 

Quoted by De Stael, Corinne, i. 18, ed. 1833. 
The ItaHan is v/ise before he undertakes a thing, the German [is 
wise in the acting — W.W.] while he is doing it, and the 
Frenchman [when it is over — Ital., El. Ex.'] after it is done. 
— W. W., New Help to Discourse, p. 56, 1659. 
Galli cantant, Angli jubilant, Hispani plangunt, Germani ululant, 
Itali caprizant, i.e. caper like a goat, alluding to their quaver- 
ings or divisions. XIV. to XVI. Cents. — Chappell's Popular 
Music of the Olden Time. 

The nimble French, majestic Spanish, courtly Italian, masculine 
Dutch, happily-compounding Greek, mystical Hebrew, nor 
physical Arabic. — Poor Robin, Prog., 1708. 
Bread, butter, and green cheese, 
is very good English, and very good Freeze. 

Bell's Shakspere's Puck, i. 7. 
The High Dutch pilgrims when they beg do sing ; the Frenchmen 
whine and cry ; the Spaniards curse, swear, and blaspheme ; 
the Irish and English steal (Spanish). — F. W. 

A report of the witty German. The Germans beg by singing and 
going in troops, the Frenchmen by praying and shrugging, 
the Flemings by making of legs and by low and frequent 
conjies, the Gipsies by importuning, the Portuguese by their 
weeping, the Italians by their long circumlocution, and the 
Spaniards by their big looks and high language as if they 
would swagger a man out of his alms whether he will or no. 
— P. Robin, Progii., 1704. 

In settling an island the first building erected by a Spaniard will be 
a church ; by a Frenchman a fort ; by a Dutchman a ware- 
house, and by an Englishman an alehouse. — G. 

The French, like a flea, quickly slipping into a country, and as soon 
skipping out of it ; the Dutch a louse, slowly mastering a place 
and as slowly being driven from their hold ; the Spaniard a 
crab,* which being crept into a place almost unawares is so 
fast rooted there that nothing but the extremity of violence 
can force him out again. — W. W., New Help to Dis., p. ^^. 
* The crab is of course the crab-louse. 


LEAN'S COLLECTANEA. comparisons. 

Die Italiener sind wie die Wanzen, die haben iiberall einen schand- 
licken gestank von Sodomiterei, mord un verrath bei sich. 
— Hesekiel, p. 7. 

The Russian, Poloniar, German, Belgian are excellent in the Art 
of Drink ; the Spaniard will wench it ; the Italian is 
revengeful ; the Frenchman is for fashions ; the Irishman, 
Usquebaugh makes him light-heeled ; the Welshman, Cowss- 
body works (by infusion) to his fingers' ends, and translates 
them into the nature of Ume-twigs ; and it is said that a Scot 
will prove false to his father and dissemble with his brother ; 
but for an Englishman, he is so clear from any of these vices 
that he is perfectly exquisite and excellently endued with 
all those noble aforesaid exercises.— Taylor (Water Poet), 
Christmas In and Out, 1652. 



Der Englander isst das meiste, aber der Deutsche trink das 

meisste. — Hesekiel. 
Saoul comme un Anglois. 
The English glutton, — F. W. 

And God, he knows the English soldier's gut 
Must have his fill of victual once a day, 
Or else he will but homely earn his pay. 

Gascoigne, Dtilce Belliim, 150. 

For fighting we may say of our countrymen that give but 
Englishmen great meals of beef, iron and steel, and they 
will eat like wolves and fight like devils. — Poor Robin, 
Mar., 1703. 

There is more good victuals in England than in seven other 

Kingdoms. — CI. 
Ha pill da fare che i forni di Natale in Inghilterra, — Flo., G. F. 

To stink of Muscadel like an English Christmas. — Beaumont & 
Fletcher, The Pilgnm. 

Questo sempre sguazzar alia Inghilese e pastaggiare come fanno 
loro e causa di molte infirmita. La crapula ne amazza piia in 
Inghilterra che non se malattia alcuna. — Flo., 2nd Fruits, 
ch. 10. 

Constable. And then give them great meals of beef, and iron and 
steel, they will eat like wolves and fight like devils. 

Orl. Ay, but these English are sadly out of beef. 

Constable. Then shall we find to-morrow they have only stomachs 
to eat and none to fight. — Shak., Hen. V., iii. 7. 

The Roast Beef of Old England. 

Jack Roast Beef (French). — G. 

Mandar conigli in Inghilterra. — Torr. (rabbits). 

Der ochse ist England's rebhuhn. — Hesekiel. 

English poke pudding. — G. A Scotch jest at the plum-pudding. 

England lebt sein Steinkohlen, Thee und Plum-pudding. — Wander. 

Nothing can be inaugurated in England without a dinner. 

An Englishman's one idea of a celebration is a public dinner. — 

P.M.G., 7/5, '85. 
The way to an Englishman's heart is through his stomach. 

In England they have but one sauce (melted butter), and forty 
religions. — Voltaire. 



Philip. Look you, sir : the Northern man loves whitemeat ; the 
Southery man, sallads ; the Essex man, a calf; the Kentish 
man, a wagtail ; the Lancashire man, an egg-pie ; the Welsh- 
man, leeks and cheese ; and your Londoner, raw mutton ; 
so father, God b' wi' you, I was born in London. (Of 
women). — Webster, Northward Hoe, i. 3. 

He is an Englishman, and English dyet will serve his turn. If the 
Norfolk Dumplin and the Devonshire Whitepot be at variance, 
he will atone them; the Bag-puddings of Gloucestershire, 
the Black-puddings of Worcestershire, the Pan-puddings of 
Shropshire, the White-puddings of Somersetshire, the Hasty- 
puddings of Hamshire, the Pudding-pyes of any shire, all is 
one to him; nothing comes amiss. — Taylor (W. P.), The 
Great Eater; or, Nicholas Wood. 

Now if you would know whither to go for several sorts of belly- 
timber, I shall inform you : to Devonshire for whitepots, to 
Essex for veal, to Norfolk for dumplings, to Tewkesbury for 
mustard, to Banbury for cakes, to King's Norton for cheese, 
and to Derby for ale. — Poor Robin, 1687. 



Li mieldre buveor en Angleterre. — Dits de I'Apostoile, 13th Cy. 

Topo el Breton con su companon. — Nunes, 1555. 

Tra putana e Breton no se tien rason. — lb. 

Whoso hath a mouth, 

shall ne'er in England suffer drouth. — R., 1670. 
Whether this alludes to the free flow of liquor or to the necessity 
of swallowing the fog is uncertain. 

Excess of drinking was formerly more rare in England, as appears 
by an old poet : — 

Ecce Britannorum mos est laudabilis iste, 
Ut bibat arbitrio pocula quisque suo. 

Present State of England, 1673, p. 45. 

And though the Germans did bear away the bell for drinking, yet it 
was rather long than much, being content to pelt his enemy 
at a distance ; whereas we are, after the modern way of fight, 
altogether for down blows, being impatient till the opposite 
have a total rout. — C. Trenchfield, Cap of Gray Hairs for a 
Green Head, ch. 14. 1678. 



Italy to be born in, France to live in, and Spain to die in. — Sp., EL Extr. 

Adam was tempted in Italian, fell a-begging pardon in French, 
and was thrust out of Paradise in High Dutch. — Ho., New 
Sayings, IV. 

Take heed of a slow foe in Italy, and a sudden friend in France.— 
Ho., Parley of Beasts, 191. 

Americans are Vulgar ; French are Immoral ; Russians are Bar- 
barians ; ItaHans are Beggars ; Spaniards are Cut-throats ; 
Germans are Boors; Greeks are Sharpers; Austrahans are 
Convicts; Swiss are Harpies; Turks are unspeakable: 
and every other people below contempt. Foreigners are in 
fact deceitful, effeminate, irreligious, immoral, unclean and 
unwholesome. Any one Englishman is a match for any 
seven of them. (According to the popular estimate.)— Tntth, 
2/1 1, 1893, p. 928. 

Der Englander hat seinen Verstand in den Fingerspitzen, der 
Franzose auf der Zunge. — Russ., Reinsberg, V. 7. 

Every Englishman is an island. — Novalis, iii. 301. 

The Romans fight well in their councils (I had almost said fence- 
schools), the Italians in their shops, the Spaniards in their 
ships, the Frenchmen in a hold, the Scot with his lance, 
the Irishman on foot with his dart.— T. Adams, Physic from 
Heaven: Wks., p. 2S0. 

To smoke with the Indian, quarrel with the Frenchman, court a 
lady with the Venetian, plot villany with the ItaUan, be 
proud with the Spaniard, cog with a Jew, insult with a Turk, 
drink down a Dutchman, and tell lies with the Devil, — for 
a wager, are work for wolves, not for lambs. — lb., 386. 

The German proud by imitation, the French by inclination.— 
Ho., New Sayings, V. 

If thy son be given to drink send him to Spain, if to drabs send 
him to Germany to be reclaimed.— Ho., New Sayings, V. 
And they shall spell as they do speak, 
And they shall sing as they do prick. 

Colvil, WJiigs' Supplication, p. 51. 

Johnny Crapaud.— TV., I., v. 439. Jacques Bonhomme is the 

modern nickname. 
Wooden Shoes (Sabots). — Addison, Drummer Prol. Gay, Trivia, i. 86. 



Gallis, hominibus levibus, perfidis et in ipsos Deos immortales 
impiis. — Cicero, Ovatio pro M. Fonteio. 

Moitie singe, moitie tigre. 

As a Frenchman rides, all upon one buttock. — Webster, Appius 

and Vivginius, iii. 2. 
Like French falconers, fly at anything we see. — Shaks , Ham., ii. 2. 
It is said of the French that they are born with a Racket in one 

hand, and a pack of cards in the other (proficiency in 

Tennis and Piquet). — Torriano. 

France is a meadow that cuts thrice a year. — H. 

I 've heard and I 've read in a great many books 

Half the Frenchmen are tailors, and t' other half cooks. 

Chapter on Proverbs, by Rev. T. Wilson, D.D., 1775 — 
1 81 3, in Harland and Wilkinson's Lancashire Folk Love. 

Wife. That I was larger I may swear 

Than well-fed ox or Flanders mare. 

Ned Ward, Nuptial Dialogues, II., v. 1710. 

Like Flanders mares, fairest afar off (Fr.), i.e. Flemish prostitutes. 
See Riley, Memoirs of Lou., p. 535, and Taylor (W.P.), A Thief. 

Cf. purnel of Flanders — P. Plow., C. vii. 367. 

Leicester Square still has a supply. 

A Flanders reckoning.— T. Heywood, 2d Pt. Qii. Eliz. Troubles, 

1606, p. 89., reprint. 
A Flemish account. 

As cruel as a Spaniard. (West Cornw.) The village of Paul- 
church was burnt by them. — Polwhele, Hist, of Cornw., v. 37. 

We may say of him, as of the Spaniard : He is a bad servant, but 
a worse master. — T. Adams, The Sacrifice of Thankfulness : 
Wks., p. 85, 1629. 

Guiomav. Are you a Castilian ? 

Rutilio. No, Madam. Italy claims my birth. 

Guiomar. I ask not with purpose to betray you ; if you were 
Ten thousand times a Spaniard, the nation 
We Portugals most hate, I yet would save you 
If it lay in my power. — 

B. & Fl., Custom of the Country, ii. 4. 

As Spaniards talk in dialogues 

Of heads and shoulders, nods and shrugs. 

Butler, Hud., III., ii. 149 1. 

As Dutchmen do in taverns, drink and be merry and be gone. — 
Dekker, //. Hon. W., iv. 2. 

Half steeped in grease like a Dutch dish. — Sh., M. W. W., iii. 5. 

In Germany auris Batava is taken by the poet (Martial, 16) for a dull 
ear which has no skill in witty conceits. — F. W., Notts, 316. 

The Dutchman drinketh pure wine in the morning, at noon wine 
without water, and in the evening as it comes from the 
butt.— PIo. 



Whosoever hath been in Rome and hath seen their usage there, 
except grace do work above nature, he shall never be good 
man after. — Boorde, Breviaive of Health, ii. ii. 

It is a false rumour that there is no sound air but the Romish. Is 
it not rather true that thence cometh ill infection ? and that 
they who have forsaken us to find health there have gone 
out of God's blessing into the warm sun ? — T. Adams, 
Wks., p. 327. Cf. Inglese Italionato e il diavolo incarnato. 

An English wolf and Irish toad to see 
Were as a chaste man nurs'd in Italy. 

Hall, Sat., IV., iii. 78. 

In Roma vale piii la putana 
che la moglie Romana. 

Thomas, Hist, of Italy, 1546, f. 39. 
The harlot hath a better life 
than she that is a Roman's wife. 
In Roma piia vala la cortigiana 
che la donna Romana. 

Florio, Prov., 2d Fnttes, 1591. 

Thereby it fareth thus with them to be a proverb rife 
To judge the Romayne harlot better than the wife. 

E. More, Defence of Women, 125, 1557. 

Some men do say I do smell of the smoke 

I passe not for that I have money in my pooke. 

Boorde, Introduction to Knoivledge, 24. 

The Venetians smell somewhat of the smoke of Rome. — Boorde, 
Abuse of Rome. 

It is proverbially said that there are in Genoa mountains without 
wood, sea without fish, women without shame, and men 
without conscience ; which makes them to be termed the 
White Moors. — Ho., Instructions foy Travel, 67. 

Les Dames Genevoises Donne senza vergonga, comme dit le pro- 
verbe. — Joubert, Err. Pop., I., iv. i. 

Genoese are high in the instep and stondeth in their own consayte. — 
Boorde, Introduction to Knowledge, 26. 

Like a German that never goes to the wars without his Tannaken 
and her cock on his shoulder. — Nash. Have tmth yon to 
Saffron Walden. — R., 2. 

The wit seems to manifest itself in the hands ; as the ItaHans say of 
the Dutchmen that their wit dwells in their fingers' end. — 
T. Adams, p. 891. 

The German's wit is in his fingers. — Herb. 

Cotgrave, i.e. in executing the designs of others. 

If he be a High German (especially Swab) such as have wives that 
believe their husbands doth not love them except they be 
beaten. — Sir Balth. Gerbier, On Buildings, ii. 3, 1664. 

A Prussian fights best when he sees his own breath [which is in 
frosty weather]. — Ho., Parley of Beasts, p. 114. 



As a German from the waist downwards ; all slops. — Sh., Much Adoy 
iii. 2. 

A German quarrel : three fighting : each against the other two. — 
Southey, C. P. Bk,, iv. 675. 

Apres avoir longuement et fidelement servi la patrie [in the office of 
Chancelier] on leur dresse des querelles d'Allemand et de 
fausses accusations pour les bannir des affaires. — Du Vair, 
Ess. N., L, iii. 495. 

Querelle d'AUeman. — Oudin, Cur. Fmnc, p. 462. Scarron, Giganto- 

Gare la queue des Alleman. — Pvov. Dauphin. A quarrel or brabble 
entered into upon a slight or drunken occasion. — Cotgrave. 

If a man hath lost his religion he may find it in Poland, all sects 
being tolerated, and so in Amsterdam. — W. W., New Help 
to Discourse, p. 36, 1659. 

Des Polognes malades, voire a I'extremite qui se levent et vestent 
a I'heure que les medecins les doivent visitor. — Joubert, 
Err. Pop. (Cab. III.). 

Where the Great Turk's horse once treads, the grass will never 
grow. — Ho. 

Grattez le Russe, vous trouverez le Tartare. 
Let him have Russian law for all his sins. — 

Cf. Webster, The White Devil, p. 30. G. Fletcher, Of the Rtisse 
Common Wealth, p. 159. 

" What 's that ? " A hundred blows on the bare shins. — J. Day, 
Parliament of Bees, 1641, p. 55, reprint. 



Tria regna titulo usurpant Reges Angliae 
Angliam, Galliam, Hiberniam. — F., f. 48, ro. 

The crown of Rich. III. was [after the battle of Bosworth] hidden 
by a soldier in a hawthorn bush, but was soon found and 
carried to Ld. Stanley, who placed it on the head of his 
son-in-law,* saluting him by the title of Hen. VII. It was in 
memory of the picturesque fact that the red-berried hawthorn 
once sheltered the crown of Engd. that the house of Tudor 
assumed the device of a crown in a bush of the white haw- 
thorn. To the same circumstance may be referred the loyal 
proverb, Cleave to the Crown, though it hang on a bush. — 
Strickland, Queens of Eng., ii. 419. 

* Note. — This should be step-son. — Ed. 

Long beards heartless, 

painted hoods witless, 

gay coats graceless, 

make England thriftless. — F. W. 
" A Scottish taunt," temp. Edw. III., 14th Cy. 

Puttenham, Art of Eng. Poesie, 1589, v. 2 ; Camden, Remains, 1637 '> 
Manningham, Dwrj' (Camd. Soc), 1602-3. 

Great men graceless are the devil's special factors. — T. Adams, 
p. 893. 

The Rat and the Cat, and Lovel the Dog 
do govern all England under the Hog. — F. W. 
The Cat, the Rat, and Lovell the Dog 
rule all England under a Hog. — Ho. 

See Ellis, Original Letters, II., ii. 161. 

Sir Wm. Catesby was the Cat, Sir Richd. Radcliffe the Rat, and 
Lord Lovell the Dog. The Hog refers to the Boar which 
Richard III. had adopted as one of the supporters of his 
arms. — Murr., N'Jiamp. 

The King and Pope, the lion and the wolf. A prov. used in 
K. John's time, in regard of the great exactions. — Ho. 

Hops, Reformation, baise and beer 
came into England all in a year.* 

Brady, Varieties of Literature, 1826, p. 264. 
* Introduced by foreign Protestant refugees at Maidstone. 

Heresy and beer 

came hopping into England both in a year. 

Jiuttes, Dyet's Dry Dinner, 1599 G. 4. 

Turkeys, carps, hops, piccadel and beer 
came into England all in one year, 
[about the 15th of Hen. VIII.] Baker's Chron. ed. 1696, p. 298. 

VOL. I. 33 3 


When Hempe is sponne,'* 
England 's done.f — Bacon, Ess. xxxv. 
* Spun, i.e., none left for sails and cordage. — F.W. t Is undone. — F.W. 

The initials of Hen. VIII. , Edw.VL, Mary, Philip and Elizabeth: 
the Hemp is the cordage of ships. F. W. gives this quasi- 
Popish prophecy relating to Bath Abbey ; 

" Be blithe, fair Kirck : when Hempe is past, 
Thine Olive, that ill winds did blast. 
Shall flourish green, for age to last." 

Yet, to keep this proverb in countenance, it may pretend to some 
truth, because then England, with the addition of Scotland, 
lost its name in Great Britain by royal proclamation. — F. W. 
There shall be seen upon a day, 
between the Baugh and the May,* 
the black fleet of Norway : 
When that is come and gone 
England, build houses of lime and stone, 
for after, wars you shall have none. 
* A writer in N. VIII., ii. 362, suggests that the Bass and the May, two islands at 
the mouth of the Firth of Forth, were intended. 

Bacon {Ess. xxx., "On Prophecies") says the King of Spain 
[Philip II. 's] name was Norway. This prediction of the 
Armada was current in Bacon's childhood before the year 1588. 
Cardinals. Cf. Becon, i. 124. 

The comune claniat cotidie eche a man to other 
\e centre is pe curseder jjat cardynales come inne. 

Langland, Piers Plotvman Pass., xix. 415. 
There was never Legatt nor Cardinall that did good in England. 
— E. Hall, Chron. p. 1548. 

It was never merry in England while we had any Cardinals 
among us. Quoted by Duke of Suffolk against Cardl. 
Wolsey. — Stowe's Chron,, by Howes, 1631, p. 546. 

But God that liveth ever, 
Grant that they never 
Have power to come hither ; 
For wher they ones arive. 
So clene they do us shrive. 
The contry ther shall thrive 
Yeres tenne and five 
After them the wurse. 

Yjh. of Hypocv.^ I533- Ballads fr. MS. i. 
Nevil for the Protestant, Lord Thomas* for the Papist; 
Bromley for the Puritan, Lord Cobham for the Atheist. 
(Courtiers of James I.) Manningham, Diary, p. 168, Camden Soc. 

* Howard. 

Tres Principes maximis calamitatibus subjecti : Rex Scotiae, Dux in 

AngHa, Comes in Belgio. — Tr., f. 47 r*^- [Pleine. 

France rules the Land, England the Sea, and Germany the Air. — 

New England hath undone the Old ; viz., with distractions. — Ho. 
New Says., ii. 1659. 


LEAN'S COLLECTANEA. historical. 

England — the Mother of ParHaments. — John Bright, Speech at 
Rochdale, i860. 

Englands Verlegenheit 
ist Irland's Gelegenheit. — Wander. 
England's difficulty is Ireland's opportunity. 

Repeal the Union*, restore the Heptarchy !— Ascribed to Canning: used 
first by Sir Rob. Peel [of Reform] in 1834, answering O'Connell. 

* With Ireland. 

Chronica si penses, cum pugnent Oxonienses, 
Post aliquot menses volat ira per Angliginenses, 
Mark the Chronicles aright, 
When Oxford scholars fall to fight 
before many months are expir'd 
England will with war be fired. — F. W. 
Chi vuol vincere Inghilterra cominci dall'Irlanda. — Giani. 
It is a saying auncient, not 

Autenticall I win, 
That who so England will subdue 
With Ireland must begin. 

Warner, Albion's England., x., 1586. 

He that England will win 
must with Ireland first begin. — F. W. 
i.e. proceeding gradatim, methodically. — F. W. 

G. says that men and rations are largely furnished by Ireland in 

Get Ireland to-day, and England may be thine to-morrow. — Ho., 
New Sayings Cent. I. 

And Our Lord lights in Our Lady's lap 
and therefore England must have a clap. 

T. x-Vdams, The Soul's Sickness: Wks., p. 472, 1629. 

When Christ falleth in Our Lady's lap 
then let England look for a clap. — Ho. 
When Our Lady falls in our Lord's lap 
then let England beware a sad clap [a mishap]. — F.W. 
the Clergyman look to his cap. — F.W. 

Fuller laughs at this coincidence of Easter on March 25 being 

If Chichester steeple fall 
in England there 's no King at all. 
Verified Feb. 21, 1861, in the reign of Queen Victoria, when 
the tower fell through the roof. 

Truly, Sir, I find all things conspire to make strange mutations in 
this miserable island. I fear we shall fall from under the 
scepter to be under the sword, and since we speak of Pro- 
phecies I am afraid among others that which was made since 
the Reformation will be verified : 

The Churchman was, the Lawyer is, the Soldier shall be. A 
Prophecy of England since the Reformation. — Ho., Fam. 
Lett., III., xxii. 




Bedfordschir is not to lack 
Buckinghamschir is his make. — MS. Harl. 

Bedfordshire is nought to lakke 
Bokynghamshire is his maakke. — MS. Rawl. 

Of "Malthorse" Bedfordshire long since the blazon wan. — Drayt. 
Pol., xxiii. 

A slow, dull, heavy horse, such as brewers employ. Shak. uses 
the word as a word of contempt. You whoreson malthorse 
drudge. — T. of Sh., I., vi. 

Mome, malthorse, capon, coxcomb, idiot, patch. — C. of Er., iii. i. 

Bedfordshire bull-dogs, Hertfordshire hedgehogs, Buckinghamshire 
great fools. — N., IV., iv. 507. 

"I'm off to Bedfordshire," i.e. to bed. — S.P.C. Gr. This ancient 
joke appears in Middleton (an Elizabethan writer). A Mad 
World, my Masters. — ii. 5. 

Bedfordshire for naked flesh. — See Chesh. 

Rufes de Bedford. — Douce MS. 98. The Ruffe or Pope, a species of 

The bailiff of Bedford is coming, i.e. the river Ouse. — F.W. So 
called in Cambridgeshire because of its floods. 

As crooked as Crawley brook. — F. W. Falling into the Ouse (to 
which F. W. suggests it would be more applicable), near 


Herbergerie de Donestaple. — Douce MS. 98. 
Larks.— F.W. 

As plain as Dunstable highway (hieway). He, i.e. smooth. — 

Cf. The crooked shall be made straight (" simple," obvious), 

and the rough places plain. — Isaiah x'l. 4. 
Some good walkers . . . that walked in the King's highway, 

ordinarily, uprightly, playne Dunstable waye. — Latimer, 

Seven Sermons, 1549. 
I am plain Dunstable. — Witch of Edmon., i. 2. 
Downright Dunstable, i.e. a plain, simple, honest person. — Gr. 
In the Dunstable highway to Needham and beggary. — CI. 

Cf. Facilis descensus Averni. 



It would be an unknown encouragement to goodness if honour 
still might not be dealt but upon these terms. Then should 
many worthy spirits get up the Highgate of preferment, 
and idle drones should not come nearer than the Dunstable 
highway of obscurity. — T. Adams, Wks., p. 1084. 

Wherein I judge him the more to be esteemed, because he 
useth no going about the bush, but treads Dunstable way 
in all his travel. — Gesson, Ephemerides of Phialo, 1586, 
Epist. Ded. 

Leighton Buzzard, 

Tring, Wing, and Ivinghoe, [first two in Bucks] 

three dirty villages all in a row 

and never without a rogue or two. 

Would you know the reason why ? 

Leighton Buzzard is hard by. — N., L, v. 619. 

PoTTON [10 m. E. of Bedford] . — 5^^ Sutton. 

Sutton [3 m. N.E. of Biggleswade]. 

I, John of Gaunt, 

do give and do grant 

unto Roger Burgoyne 

and the heirs of his loin 

both Sutton and Potton 

until the world's rotten. — N., 1., vi. 156. 

Beatifies of Ettgland and Wales, Bedfordsh., i. 76, 1801. 


Barkschir fill vaine. — MS. Harl. 
Barkshyre fyll the wayne. — MS. Rawl. 
As Berkshire has for her's "Let's to't and toss the ball." — Drayt. 
Pol., xxiii. (her's, i.e. her blazon). 

Berkshire for dogs. — See Chesh. 

Hampshire hog 

Berkshire dog 

Yorkshire bite 

London white. — Higson, 123. 

He is a representative of Barkshire, i.e. afflicted with a cough. — Gr. 

Abingdon law. — Pineda, Spaji. Diet., 1740, Art. Peralvillo. 

"A garrison was established at Abingdon by Charles L, which 
became the head-quarters of his horse, and thither the 
whole Royal family came Ap. 7, 1644. Their custom of 
hanging all Irish prisoners without a trial made ' Abingdon 
law' proverbial." — Murr. 

I showed my Papers in Manuscript to divers who I presumed 
were Intelligent and Learned, desiring them to try them 
and pass judgment and execute them who deserved not to 
live. To work they went with Abington law. — Pearson, 
Rapttires of a Flaming Spirit, B. 2, 1682. 



Aldermaston [io m. S.W. of Reading]. — Haz., p. 457. 
When clubs are trumps Aldermaston House shakes. 

Murr. refers this to the notorious gambling propensities of Lord 
Stawell, who married the heiress of this house and estate. 

Bray (adjoining ]^,Iaidenhead). 

The Vicar of Bray will be Vicar of Bray still. — F.W. 

"The vivacious Vicar [Simon Aleyn d. 1588], living under 
Hen. VHL, Edw. VL, Mary and Eliz^'', was first a Papist 
then a Protestant, then a Papist, then a Protestant again. 
Pie had seen some martyrs burnt two miles off Windsor 
and found this fire too hot for his tender temper. This 
Vicar being taxed by one with being a turncoat and an 
unconstant changeling, ' Not so,' said he, ' for I have 
ahvays kept my principle, which is this, to live and die the 
Vicar of Bray.' "—Fuller. 

Wastel de Hungerford. Douce MS. 98, i.e. fine white bread. 

Ilsley, remote amidst the Berkshire downs, [14 m. N.W. of Reading] 
Claims these distinctions o'er her sister towns ; 
Far-famed for sheep and avooI, though not for spinners. 
For sportsmen, doctors, publicans, and sinners. — Tvlurr. 

Lambourn f25 m. W.N.W^ of Reading] and stream of same name. 
The earlier it dries up, the higher will be the price of corn (and 
see Pang). — Lowsley, B. Wds. ^ Ph. 

Cf. Drought never bred dearth. 

Newbury. Troyte de Neubery. — Douce MS. 

Trout of the river Kennet. 

Long noted for its corn-market. . . . The old custom here that 
everything must be paid for on delivery gave rise to the 
local proverb. The farmer doth take back his money in his 
sack. — Murr. 

Pangbourne [5 m. W.N.W. of Reading]. The Pang w"" rises at 
Hampstead Norreys never begins to rise much before the 
shortest day, nor to sink much before the shortest day. — 
Lowsley, Berksh. Wds. &= Phr. 

Reading. Scarlet town. Ballad of Barbara Allen. 

Teule de Redinges. — Douce M.S. 98. ? draining pipes 

or tiles. 
To show the way to Reading. 

" In Madame Knight's Journal . . . she speaks of a tavern- 
keeper's daughter who ' drew a chair, bid me sitt. And 
then run up stairs and putts on two or three Rings (or else 
I had not seen them before), and returning sett herself just 
before me, showing the way to Reding, that I might see 
her Ornaments, perhaps to gain the more respect." — 
N., II., vi. 233. 

Windsor. Forest de Wyndesoure. — Donee MS. 98. 



LOCAL PROVERBS. Buckingham. 


Bedfordschir is not to lack. 
Buckinghamschir is his make. — MS. Had. 

Bedforshire is nought to lakke 
Bokynghamshire is his maakke. — MS. Rawl. 
Rich Buckingham doth bear the term of " Bread and beef," 
Where if you beat a bush 'tis odds you start a thief. 

Drayt. Pol., xxiii., 1622. 

Buckinghamshire bread and beef; 

Here, if you beat a bush, it's odds you 'Id start a thief. 

F. W., referring to Drayt. 

This alludes to the dense forest of beech-trees which at one time 
covered the Chilterns. 

Bedfordshire bull-dogs, Hertfordshire hedge-hogs and Buckingham- 
shire great fools. — N., IV., iv. 507. 

When William conquer'd English ground 
Bulstrode had per annum three hundred pound. 

Bulstrode Park 3 m. E.S.E. of Beaconsfield now belongs to the 
Duke of Somerset. — Murr. 

Bledlow. 2 m. S.W. of Prince's Risborough. 
They who live and do abide 
Shall see Bledlow church fall into the Lyde. 

Sharp, Br. Gaz. 

This is one of Mother Shipton's prophecies. The church 
stands on a rock which a pool underneath, where a number 
of springs flow out, is wearing away the chalk. — Lysons, 
Bucking h., p. 516. 


Here stand three Brickhills all in a row, 

Great Brickhill, Little Brickhill, and Brickhill of the Bow. 

Three villages near Bow Brickhill, an eminence 683 ft. high, 
one mile E.N.E. of Fenny Stratford. — N., IV., iv. 507. 

Brill upon the Hill, 6 m. N.W. by N. of Thame, 
Oakley in the hole, 5 m. N.W. of Thame, 
Shabby little Ickford, 3 m. W.N.W. of Thame, 
Dirty Worminghall, or Wornall. — A''., I,, viii. 427. 
(All near Thame.) 

At Brill on the Hill, the wind blows shrill, 

the cook no meat can dress ; 
at Stow in the Wold the wind blows cold, 

I know no more than this. 

Halliwell, Nursery Rh. of Erjg., 1853. 

Buckingham. Pronounced to be the most uninteresting town in 
England. — All the Year Round, xxxii. 64. 

Women are born in Wiltshire, brought up in Cumberland, lead 
their lives in Bedfordshire, bring their husbands to Buck- 
ingham, and die in Shrewsbury. — Wit Restored, 1658. 



An old man who weds a buxom young maiden biddeth fair to 
become a freeman of Buckingham, i.e. a cuckold. — Gv. 

Castlethorpe (par, of Hanslope, 5 m. N.W. of Newport Pagnell). 
If it hadn't been for Cobb-bush Hill 
Thorpe Castle would have stood there still. 
[There would have been a castle at Thorpe still.] 

N., I., viii. 387. 

To take the Chiltern Hundreds. A voluntarj^ " happy despatch " 

of a Member of Parliament. The acceptance of the 

Stewardship of Burnham, Desborough and Stoke being an 

office of profit under the Crown eo instante vacates the seat. 

Eton. Winchester for gentlemen, Harrow for scholars, 
Westminster blackguards, and Eton Bucks. 
or Harrow for gentlemen, Eton for lords, 

Winchester for scholars, Westminster blackguards. 
(Once the only recognised '* Public Schools.") 

Grendon Underwood [i m. from Ludgershall] . G. under Bern- 

The dirtiest town that ever stood. — Murr. 

IcKFORD. See Brill. 

IviNGHOE. See Wing. 

LiLLiNGSTON Dayrell [4 m. N. of Buckingham] . 

The Dayrells have been seated here since the Conquest. Also 
at Littlecote in Wiltshire. Of them it has been said — 

The luck of the Dayrells, whatever it be, 
Shall come by the sea and go by the sea. 

Great Marlow. Here is fish for catching, 

corn for snatching, 
and wood for fatching, i.e. thatching. (?) 

Reliq. Heaniiana, p. 485. 

North Crawley [3 m. E. of Newport Pagnell] . 

How North Crawley her bonnet stands, i.e. not straight. — 
Baker, N'hants Gloss. 

Oakley. See Brill. 

Olney. Sle, sla, stuck in the mud ; 

Oh it is pretty to wade through a flood. 

Murr. gives this referring to the roads hereabouts. The lines 
occur in Cowper's Disirest Travellers. 

Slapton. 3 m. S. of Leighton Buzzard, near Towcester. 

Where fools will happen. — Sternberg, Nliants Gloss. 

Thorp. See Castlethorp. 

If it hadn't been for Cobb-bush Hill 
Thorpe Castle would have stood there still. 
[There would have been a castle at * Thorpe still. 

N., I., viii. 387, Northolt.] 
* Pronounced Thrup. 



Wing. Tring, Wing, and Ivinghoe, [Tring is in Herts] 

three dirty villages all in a row 
and never without a rogue or two. 
Would you know the reason why ? 
Leighton Buzzard is hard hy. — N., L, v. 6ig. 

i.e. in the adjoining co. Bedfordsh. 
Tring, Wing, and Ivinghoe, 
for striking of a blow 
Hampden did forego 
and glad he could escape so. — N., HL, v. 176. 

or Hampden of Hampden did forego 

the manors of Tring, Wing, and Ivinghoe 

for striking the Black Prince a blow. — Hun. Pop. Rliy. 

Manors forfeited by the Hampdens in consequence of a blow 
received by the Black Prince [from a racket in a quarrel at 
tennis — N ., HI., v. 176] when on a visit with Edward HL 
at Great Hampden. — Murr. 
Wing and Ivinghoe are in Bucks. 

Tring, Wing, and Ivinghoe 
three churches all of a row. — N., IV., iv. 507. 
[See Gentleman'' s Mag., 1820, ii. 326,) 
WoRMiNGHALL. See Brill. 
Symenels de Wycombe. — Douce MS., 98. 

Simnels are rich cakes of fine quality, varying according to 
locality. Those now made at Worcester for Mid-Lent, or 
Mothering Sunday, resemble a " Scotch bun," and are highly 
flavoured with saffron. 


Cambridgeschir full of pikes. — Harl. MS. 
Cambrygeshire ful of pykes. — Rawl. MS. 

Cambridgeshire camels. — F. W. From the practice of stilt-walking 
in the Fens, he suggests doubtingly. 

Cambridgeshire oaks. Willows are so called as the only tree that 
will grow in the marshy soil of some parts of the county. — G. 

Haz. has blundered stupidly in making this the text for the pre- 
ceding prov. from F. W. 

So Cambridge hath been call'd " Hold nets and let us win ! " — 
Drayt. Pol., xxiii. 

. . . Hard it is for weather to please the concernments of this 
County, whose Northern part, being moist and fenny, desires 
fair weather ; South and South-Eastern, dry and heathy, 
delighteth so much rain that it can well digest (save in 
harvest -time). One shower every day and two every 
Sunday. — F. W., p. 170. Cf. Cornwall and Hampsh. 

Caldecot. 13 m. E.S.E. of Caxton. See Hardwick. 

Cambridge. — Anguyles de Cantebrigge. — Douce MS., 98. 



Fortune. A windmill and watermill — used to signify a woman 
without any but personal endowments — G. Dicty. 

Cantabrigia petit sequales. Cambridge requires all to be equal. 
— F. W. All graduates of the same degree rank alike. 

Cantabrigia petit aequalia. — F. W. All paying the same for 

It is used also in Oxford. — F. W. 

See Royston. 

A Soph. An undergraduate in his second year. — G. Did. 

An Henry Sophister. — F. W. See Haz., 53. A man of 4 years' 
standing who does not become B.A. in order to remain 
eligible for preferment under the changes temp. H. VIIL 

Who robs a Cambridge scholar, robs twenty. — F. W. This 
prov. appears in Withal's Diet., 1616, and in Draxe and 
Howell of any scholar without reference to Cambridge in 

Though there be better air in Oxford, yet is there more in the 
Colleges of Cambridge ; for Oxford is an University in a 
town, Cambridge a town in an University. — F. W., 149. 

There is a common saying w'^ remaineth unto this day : " When 

mayster Stafford and mayster Latimer preached, then was 

Cambryge blessed." — Becon, ii. 10, 1560. 
Twittle-twattle, drink up your posset-drink. This prov. had 

its original in Cambridge, and is scarce known elsewhere. 

-R., 1678. 

Plodding and dunstically, like a clown of Cherry Hinton [2 m. 
E.S.E. of Cambridge] Nash," Have with you." — C. 2, 1596 

Ely. Cerveyse de Ely (Douce MS., 98), i.e. ale. It is now famous 
for Asparagus, 

Quatuor Eliae : lanterna, capella Mariae, 

Atque molendinum, et multum [necnon] dans vinia vinum. — 

Withal's D^Vif., 1586. 
What ! forsake garlike, leekes, and butter sweet ? 
Nay, rather would I go to Ely on my feet. — Barclay, Eclogue, ii. 
Cf. To go to Rome with a morter on my head. 

Hungry Hardwick, greedy Toft, [all in S. Divis.], 

Hang-up Kingston, Cawcott [Caldecot] nought. — N. I., viii. 305. 

Kingston. 3 m. S.E. of Caxton. See Hardwick. 

Newmarket. A fine morning to catch herrings on Newmarket 
heath. — CI. 

Take away the praying for the dead, and ye purgatory-rakers 
may pick your meat upon Newmarket heath. — Becon, iii. 
48. 1564. See also Ashcam. Toxoph. [Arber] , p. 97. 

Thersites (of his mother) 

I will with a cushion stop her breath. 

Till she have forgot Newmarket Heath. 

Thersites, H.O.P., i. 428. 



This woman thanked me chiefly 

That she was rid of the endless death, 

And so we departed on Newmarket heath ; 
And if that any man do mind her, 

Who hsts to seek her there shall he find her. 

[Margery Corron] He Four Ps. H.O.P. i., 379. 

RoYSTON. The bailiff of Royston. — Haz. 

Royston was a hunting-seat of James L — F W., Gr. 

And for to somoun alle them to the fest 
The baily of Royston thereto is the best. 

Colin Blowboll's Test. Haz. E.P.P., i. 103. 

A Royston [Boiston] horse and a Cambridge Master of Arts 
will give way to nobody. — F. W. Town and Gown 
antipathies lurk here. — See my n. Haz., p. 33. 

Stourbridge. Stirbitch Fair. — Webst., North. Ho., i. i, Nash 
Have, &c., M. 4. 
Groundwork of Coney catching. 

Sturbidge Fair. — Taylor (W. P.). It is held at Barnwell, near 

A new master, a new and hang up the old, as the porters cry in 
Scirbridge Fair. — Becon, iii. 228. 

At Stourbridge Fair are hops and ships, 
And whores that kiss with flattering lips. 

P. Robin, Ap., 1738. 

This Fair, which lasted a fortnight, and was under the control 
of the University of Cambridge, was held on the 19th 
Sept. (for cheese, hops, and household goods), near the 
river Sture, between Chesterton and Cambridge. 

See further particulars in Coles' MSS., vol. 42, in Brit. Mus. 

Thorney. Entrie de Thorneye. — Douce MS., 98, i.e. Entrance-gate 
of the Abbey. 

Toft. 3 m. S.E. of Caxton. See Hardwick. 

Trumpington [2 m. S. of Cambridge]. 

Trumpington, Trumpington, God be thee with 
Thy steeple looks like a knife in a sheath. 

Cole says " attributed to Chaucer." 

[A comparison of which the justice is by no means evident. — 

Youth. Wert thou born in Trumpington, 

And brought up at Hogs Norton ? 
By my faith it seemeth so — 
Well, go, knave, go ! 

Int. of Youth, H.O.P., ii. 30. 

Whittlesea Mere [20 m. N.W. of Ely] has folded (foaled), i.e. 
such a flood as drives fish plentifully from the mere into the 
dykes and rivers. — Wr. White, Eastn. Engd., i. 254. 




See Chesh. Idioms, Metaphors, and Proverbs, by Robt. Holland, in 

Lancasli. &> Chesh. Antiquarian Notes. 1885. 

Cheschir thacker. — Harl. MS. 

Chestreshire thwakkere. — Rawlinson MS, 

Old Cheshire is well known to be the " Chief of men." — Drayt. Pol., 
xi., xxiii. 

Cheshire, Chief of men. — F. W. 
Lancashire for fail women. — Ho, 

Cheshire-men whose county is called nobilitatis altrix, and those of 
Lancashire (most commendable ad bonitatem habitudinis et 
decorum aspectus) are in this [Brasenose] College most proper 
for preferment. — Fuller, Ch. Hist., IV., xv. 33. 

Cheshire bred, 

Strong i' th' arm, weak i' th' head. — Higson 51 ; N., V., viii. 226. 

Mwy nag un bwa yro Ynghaer. More than one yew-bow in Chester. 

Modern use applieth this proverb to such who seize on other folks' 
goods (not with intent to steal, but mistaken with the simili- 
tude of their own goods). But give me leave to conjecture 
the original hereof, seeing Cheshire men have been so famous 
for Archery. — F. W., Flint. 

Neither in Cheshire nor Chawbent. — R., 1678. Cf. Kent. 

(Chawbent is a town in Lancash. — R., 1678.) 

This should be Cheshire. 

Cheshire of Castria took the name. 

As if that Castria were the same. — N,, I., viii. 615. 

A Welsh bitch makes a Cheshire cat, and a Cheshire cat makes a 
Lancashire witch. " The harlot's progress in factory towns." 
—N., IX., ii. 134. 

To grin like a Cheshire cat.— iV., I., v. 402. Said to allude to the 
crest of the Grosvenors (a talbot). Said of any one who 
shows his teeth and grins in laughing. — G. 

So like a Cheshire cat our court will grin. — P. Pindar, ii. gi. 1830. 

Harland & Wilkinson [Lancashire Legends, 1873, p. 194) has " Grinnin' 
like a Cheshire cat chewing gravel " comes from the old- 
fashioned cheeses formerly sold in Chesh. and which were 
moulded like a grinning cat. — Globe, 'Z^jiolg'j. 

Cheshire cheese. 

Stout Cheshire, thou no praise shalt leese 
For making of the purest cheese. 
Whilst in those places nigh to London 
By making butter and cheese is undone ; 
P'^or, taking all the butter from't. 
It makes the cheese look bluely on't ; 
But cream and milk in Cheshire ever. 
As they do come, so go together. 

P. Robin, April, 1700. 



Cheshire for men, Berkshire for dogs, 
Bedfordshire for naked flesh, and Lincolnshire for hogs,* 
Derbyshire for lead, Devonshire for tin, 
Wiltshire for hunting plomes [? plains] and Middlesex for sin. 

* Bogs, Northolt. 

Westn. Antiqy., v. 262, where it is ascribed to the " Help to Discourse, 
1631." I do not find it in the B. M. copy, 1636. 

Better wed over the mixen than over the moor. — F. W. 
(Noted for its intermarriages.) 

The mayor of Altringham* and the mayor of Over* ; 
The one is a thatcher, the other a dauber, i.e. a plasterer. — R., 1678. 

* Two petty corporate towns. 

The mayor of Altringham Hes in bed while his breeches are mending. 
— R., 1678. 

Two jeers at the absurdities of small corporate towns. 

Torriano has this fleer at "the Gentlemen of Furnival's Inn," 

Blacon Point 
From Birkenhead to Hibree 
A squirrel might leap from tree to tree. 

Pennant Pour in Wales. — Haz., 138. 
[Hilbree Point at the mouth of the Dee] 

From Birchen haven to Hiltre 

A squirrel might hop from tree to tree. — Murray. 

Every man cannot be Vicar of Bowdon. — R., 1678. A good living — 
the aristocratic suburb of Manchester. 

Bowdon downs (Potatoes). — N., V., viii. 226. 

Cheadle. See Northen. [4 m. E.N.E. of Altrincham]. 

Cheadle swingers (a peculiar-shaped coat). — N., V., viii. 226. 

Chester. Caestria Gallis. See York. 

Not a more gaggling gander hence to Chester. — He. 

When the daughter is stolen, shut Pepper Gate. — F. W. This 
[also called New Gate] is one of the supplementary gates 
of the city. It refers to the elopement of a mayor's 
daughter, and in revenge he ordered that the gate should be 
shut up through which she was carried ofl" when playing 
with other maidens at handball. — F. W. 

If thou had'st the rent of Dee Mills thou would'st spend it all, 
i.e. the City Mills on the river. — R., 1670. 

To be sent to West Chester, i.e. into banishment, being on the 
road to Ireland. The city of Chester was formerly so 
designated. After giving the Roman, British and Saxon 
names, Camden adds, Nos contractius West Chester ab 
occidental! situ. Britannia, p. 458, ed. 1607. 

CoNGLETON bears. — R. 1813. [28 m. E. of Chester.] — A/'., V., 
viii. 226. 



Congleton points [tagged laces] made of tough white leather 
with metal tips for fastening dresses. — Holland. 

Congleton rare, Congleton rare, 

Sold the Bible to pay for a bear. — Higson, 170. 

DiDSBURY [3 m. S. of Stockport]. See Northen. 

Holt lions. See Wales. 

HooLE [2 m. N.E. of Chester]. Hooton [7 m. N. of Chester]. 

Hutton an' Huyton, Ditton and Hoo [le] 

Are three of the merriest towns a man e'er rode thro'. — Higson, 37. 

Huyton and Ditton are in S.W. Lancash. 

As long as Helsby Hill* wears a hood 
The weather 's never very good. — R. Holland, Chesh. Gloss. 
'■' An ancient camp N.E. of Chester. 

Knutsford. See Peover. 

She hath given Lawton-gate a clap. — R., 1678. Spoken of one 
gotten with child who, to conceal it, has gone to London, 
passing through Church Lawton [5 m. S.W. of Congleton]. 
Clap to : To shut with a bang. — Holland, dies. Gloss. 

To hck it up like Lim hay. Lim [Lymm, 6 m. W.S.W. of 
Altrincham] is a village on the river Mersey that parts 
Cheshire and Lancashire, where the best hay is gotten. — 
R., 1670. Others have supposed the grass elymus is 

Macclesfield. Maxfield measure heap [as opposed to strike 
measure, where the top is levelled with a stick], and 
thrutch [thrust].— R., 1678. 

Upyeped and thrutched, i.e. heaped up and pressed down. — 
N., v., X. 284. 

He feeds like a freeholder of Maxfield (or Macklesfield), who 
hath neither corn nor hay at Michaelmas, i.e. the needy 
button-makers there. — R., 1678. 

Higgledy-piggledy like Malpas shot. — N., IV., iii. 194. [13 m. 
S.S.E. of Chester.] 

MoBBERLEY [2 m. E.N.E. of Knutsford]. Mobberley crabs, applied 
figuratively. — R. Holland, Chesh. Glossary. 

Northen. [trincham] 

Northen, sweet music, [or Northenden, 4 m. E.N.E. of Al- 

And Didsbury pans, [4 m. S. of Manclaester] 
Cheadle old kettles. 

And Stockport old cans. — Higson, 43, The Church Bells. 

When a hare shall run through the town 
The walls of Northwick shall fall down. 

Nixon's Chesh. Prophecy. 
Verified at the subsidences of 1888. 

Saddleworth. The parson of. — R., 1670. See in Yorkshire. 

G. has Ssiddlewich, but neither are in Cheshire. 



Smethwick. You been like Smethwick either clemm'd or bossten 
[starved or bursting]. — R., 1678. 

[Brereton cum Smethwick, S.E. Chesh.] 

See Wilbraham, Cheshire Gloss., pp. 21, 26. 1826. 

Stockport. A Stockport chaise, 

two women riding sideways. — Carr, Craven Gloss. 

When the world was made the rubbish was sent to Stockport. — 
The Ladye Shahevky, p. 279. N., IV., viii. 549. 

See Northen. 

Stopford. Stopford law, 

No stake, no draw. — R., 1670. 
[Stockport is so written in Richd. Blome's Britannia, p. ^j, 1672]. 

Only those who pay their shot, drink. — G. 

Stockport, which is partly in Lancashire, is probably intended, 
there being no place named Stopford. 

Cf. Lancashire law. 

Higher Peover kettles, [2 m. W.S.W.] 

Lower Peover pans {Church Bells) [2 m. E. of Knutsford.] 

Knutsford sweet roses, [24 m. E.N.E. of Chester.] 

And Rosthern great drones. — Murr. [3 m. S.W. of Altrincham.] 

Middlewich is a pretty town seated in a valley, 
With a church and market-cross and eke a bowling alley ; 
All the men are loyal there, pretty girls are plenty ; 
Church and King and down with the Rump : there 's not 
such a town in twenty. — Egerton Legh, 

Ballads and Legends of Chesh., p. 60, 1867. 

Cf, King's Sutton (Notts). 
Rosthern. See Peover. 

She hath been at London to call a " strea " a straw, and a 
"waw" a wall. This the common people use in scorn of 
those who, having been at London, are ashamed to speak 
their own country dialect. — R., 1678. 

To scold like a wych-waller, i.e. a boiler of salt from the 
mines. — R., 1670. 

(There are several other proverbs marked " Cheshire " in R., 
but they do not seem to have any local bearings.) 

Peter of Wood, church and mills are all his. — R., 1678. 

" Rynt you, witch ! " quoth Bessie Lockit to her mother. — R., 
.V. C. Wds. 

To be bout [without] as Barrow was. — R., 1678. So better 
bad than bout. 

As fair as Lady Done. Cheshire nurses used to call their girls 
Lady Dones, and boys Earls of Derby. — R., 1670. 



Efe a aeth ya Glough. (He is become a Clough). — Haz., 
2nd ed. Equivalent to a Croesus. Sir Rd. Clough was a 
rich merchant temp. Eliz. See Denbigh and its Lordship, 
by Jno. Williams, i860, p. 179. 

Offley three dishes had of daily roast, 

An egg, an apple, and the third a toast. — F. W. 

Sir Thos. Offley, Ld. Mayor of London, d. 1560, buried St* 
Andrew Undershaft. A Cheshire philanthropist, the 
Zaccheus of London. — F. W. 

As many Leghs 

as fleas ; 

[as many Masseys* 

as asses ; — Fegge, Anonym, iii.53, 176. 1776] 

as many Higson, 71. 

and Davenports as dogs' tails. — G. 

* The Papist trusts Antichrist with his soul : he 's like to have it well kept. 
If Masses and Asses can keep it (for so the Jesuits term their Secular 
Priests) it shall not be lost. — T. Adams (Puritan), Whs., p. 914, 1629. 
This may have suggested the interpolation. 

There Dutton Dutton kills ; a Done doth kill a Done, 

A Booth a Booth ; and Leigh by Leigh is overthrown. 

A Venables against a Venables doth stand, 

And Troutbeck fighteth with a Troutbeck hand to hand. 

Then Molineux doth make a Molineux to die. 

And Egerton the strength of Egerton doth try. 

O Cheshire, wert thou mad, of thine own native gore 

So much until this day thou never shed'st before. 

(Battle betw. H. IV. & Hotspur)— Drayt. Pol., xxii. 

Swing 'em, Swang 'em, 
bells at Wrangham, 
three dogs in a string 
hang 'em, hang 'em. — ////. 

A hit at the Cheshire pronunciation of the ng. 


The White Island. — Southey, Madoc, vi. 

Pars Corinea datur Corineo de duce nomen Patria ; deque viro gens 
Corinensis habet. — A^., I., vi. 156. 

Long life to the Pope, and death to thousands. — Murr. [Fisheries.] 
See St. Ives. 

Fish, Tin and Copper. Cornish toast. 

Tin and Fish. — Murr. Tin and Taters (13th Cy.). 

Cornewayle ful of tynne.— Rawl. MS. 

Estinals de Cornwaile. — Douce MS. 98. 

Cornewall full of tyne.— M5. Harl. 

Cornewall hath tinne. — Barclay, EcL, iv. 

One and all (Motto of Arms). 



All Cornish gentlemen are cousins. — Carew, Survey, 1602. From 
their marrying " in and in." • 

Cousin Jockey. — Haz. 

Jackey. — All Year Rd., xvii. 425, 1867. 

Like Uncle Acky Sloddem, the picture of ill luck. — R. N. Cotton, 
Burlesque on B 202. 

To give one a Cornish hug (in wrestling). 

Cornwal and Devonshire say "We'll wrestle for a fall." — Drayt. 
Pol., xxiii. 

A Cornishman is never in spirits, but during drisly weather. 

You may lead a Cornishman, but you cannot drive him. 

The land will bear a shower every week-day and two upon a 
Sunday. — G. B. Worgan, Agr. of C, p. 3. Cf. Cambridge- 
shire. Cf. Hampshire. 

My Cornish chofe ! (chough). A nickname given to a Cornishman. 

— Yarranton, Eng^'^- Improve^-' ii. 169, 1677. 
? churl. — Promp. Par v. 

Cornish blessings. Wrecks were so called up to middle of i8th Cy. 
— See In the Hebrides, by C. Gordon Gumming, ch. ix. 

It is an ill wind that blows no good to Cornwall. 

(Both coasts have their harvest of wrecks.) 

Oh master Vier, we cannot pay you your rent, for we had no grace 
of God this year. (No shipwreck upon our coast. A saying 
of the Cornish. — Ho.) 

Cornish people say they would be in the world and like the rest if 
Devonshire did not stand in the way. 

Master Atty. Gen. Noy was wont pleasantly to say that his house 
had no fault in it save only that it was too near unto London, 
though indeed distanced thence full 300 miles in the remoter 
part of this co. But seriously one may say and defend it 
that the distance of Cornwall from that metropolis is a 
convenient inconvenience. — F. W. 

He doth sail into Cornwall without a bark (is cuckolded) Ital. — F. W. 

Andar senza barca in Cornovagha. — Flo., G., 1591. 

Chevalier de Cornevaille. — Bacon, Pronius. 

There are more Saints in Cornwall than in Heaven. — N., HL, v. 275. 

My bedaver will to London to try the law 

to sue Tre, Pol and Pen 

For waggyng of a straw. 

they will go to law, 

and all not worth a straw, 

playing so the dawe. — Boorde, Int. ofKn., ch. i., 1542. 

By Tre, Ros, Pol, Lan, Caer and Pen 
You may know the most Cornishmen. 

Camden, Remains (surnames). 
By Tre, Pol, and Pen 
[Ros, Car, and Lan — N., HI., v. 208.] 

You shall know the Cornishmen. — Carew, f. 115. 

VOL. I. 49 4 


By Lan, Law, Les, 

by Tre, Pol, Pan, 

you soon may guess 

a Cornishman. — n Haz., 96. 

Some add Car. — F. W. 

Car and Pen, Pol and Tre, 

will make the devil run away. — Wii. Antiq., ii. 41. 

In Cornwall are the best gentlemen. — See Borrow's Lavengvo, pp. 1,2. 

The natives of the Scilly Islands are feigned to eke out a precarious 
livelihood by taking in each other's washing. — D.N., 20/10, 85. 

For one who dies a natural death, nine are drowned {Scilly). — 

A feast or a famine in Scilly. — Heath, Acct. of the Is. of Sc, 1750. 

Always a feast or a fast in Scilly. — N., III., v. 275. The prodigality 
of the Scillonians in old times was proverbial. — lb. 

A Scilly ling 

is a dish for a King. — A^, III., v. 208. 

God may be said in this County to rain meat and give dishes too, i.e. 
pilchards and tin. — F. W. 

Heat and pilchards. A saying on the coast, because a warm July 
or August haze on the sea occurs when the fish are expected. 
— Illd. Itin. of Corn., 1842, p. loS. 

Meat, money and light [oil] 
All in one night. — Couch, Hist. of Polperro, p. i2g. 
Cf. A good pilchard take. 

One and All, the motto of the county arms, is said to refer to the 
share principle in the gains of the coast fisheries. — Nail., 
G. Yarmouth, &'C. 

If the proverb be true that the fame of our pies 

Prevents us from falling to Satan a prey, 
It is clear that his friends the attorneys are wise 

In moving such obstacles out of the way. 

Dr. Paris, Guide to St. Mounfs Bay, p. 77. 

This alludes to a decision of lawyers at Quarter Sessions 
to abstain from pastry during a period of scarcity. 

The devil will not come into Carnwall for fear of being put into a 
pie. — Gr. 

Squab-pie, herby-pie, pilchard pie or star-gazy pie, muggety pie are 
a few of them. 

Cornwall squab-pie, and Devon whitepot brings, 
And Leicester beans and bacon fit for [food of] Kings. 

King, Art of Cooky., n. Ed. of 1744. Hud., i. 37. 
God keep us from rocks and shelving sands 
and save us from Breage and Germo men's hands. 

[The ist 3 m. W. and the 2nd 55- m. N.W. of Helston] 

Two seabord villages, noted for wrecks and wreckers. — 
F. L. Journ., v. 18. 



I '11 send you to Bodmin, i.e. to gaol. — Haz. 

Out of the world and into Bodmin. — Haz. Sec n, p. 326, i.e. a 
sleepy town. 

All play and no play, like Boscastle fair, which begins at 12 o'clock 
and ends at noon. — N., III., v. 275. Cf. At St. Tib's Eve. 
See N., II., ii. 269. 

Backwards and forwards, like Boscastle fair. — N., III., v. 275. 

Like the Mayor of Calenich, who walked two miles to ride one. 

Give him Camborne ! a peculiar kick in wrestling. Used as a 

rallying cry in an attack on the Salvation Army in 1882 (Feb.). 

5^"^ Redruth. 

When Caradon's'^' capped and St. Cleerf hooded, 
Liskeard town will soon be flooded. — Western Antiquary, ii. 145. 
* 4^ m. N. t 2j m. N. of Liskeard. 

When Dudman and Rarahead meet, i.e. never. — F.W. Two fore- 
lands on the coast, well-nigh 20 miles asunder : Deadman * 
Point, 9 m. S. by W. of St. Austell ; Rame Head, the W. horn 
of Plymouth Bay. 

* Dod-maen, W. point of Veryan Bay. 

Like the IMayor of Falmouth, who thanked God when the town 
gaol was enlarged. 

The gallants of Fowey. — R., 1813. [Foy.] — Carew, i.e. bold priva- 
teers, temp. Edw. IV. — Gr. 

Germow Mahtearn : Breage Lavethas. [Germo was a King, Breage 
but a midwife.] — Pollok. 

He is to be summ.oned before the Mayor of Halgaver. — Carew, f. 126. 

He shall be presented at Halagaver Court for slovenliness. — R. (A 
periodical mock tribunal where laxity of dress was punished 
as well as other ludicrous offences of the young Bodminese. 
It was held on Halgaver Moor.) 

Like the mad Mayor of Gantick, who was wise for one day and 

then died of it. 
As naughty as Gantick, Avhere the devil struck for shorter hours. 

Hengston Down well ywrought 

is worth London town dear ybought. — Carew, f. 115 — F. W. 

Hinckeson (Ho. spells it) is supposed to contain Cornish 
diamonds as well as tin. — Polwhele. In E. Cornwall, near 

Trapolpen, N., III., v. 276, calls it Kingston, and when capped 
a weather-sign. 

Keep your eye to Hingston. — Haz. The high downs near 
Callington in E. Cornwall serve as a weather-guide to their 
Devonshire neighbours. 

Hensbarrow Hill [4 m. N. of St. Austell], 1,034ft. above sea level. 

Haynsborough's wide prospect at once both feeds and gluts your eye 
With Cornwall's whole extent as it in length and breadth doth lie. 
Walter White, Londoner's Walk to the Land's End, p. 194, 1856. 



Illogan [2^ m. N.W. of Redruth] . See Redruth. 
Meet him at [the] Land's End. ' He ' in Haz. ? 
One day the devil having nothing to do 
built a great hedge from Lerrin to Looe (Fowey). 

Couch, Hist, of Polpevro, p. 80, 1871. 
This is the Giant Hedge of Kilmenawth in E. Cornw. 

Lizard. The Globe, 16/6, 1884, asserts a deadly feud between the 
inhabitants of MuUion and those of the Lizard Point. 

Like the Mayor of Market Jew, sitting in their own light. — 
AT., HI., V. 275. His pew in the church was so placed as 
to cause this. Marazion [see below) is the present name 
of the town, which is at the eastern end of Penzance Bay. 

You must go to Marazion to learn manners. — N., HI., v. 275. 

Aga fyth tyer, war an meyne Merlyn 

Ara neb fyth Leskey, Paul, Penzance, Newlyn. 

There shall stand on the stone Merlyn 

those who shall burn Paul, Penzance & Newlyn. 

Polwh., n., ch. xi. 

MooR-STONE Cross, near Bodmin, called the Prior's Cross in 
memory of his having given rights to cut wood in Dun- 
mear " by hook or crook," these words being cut in the 
cross. — Dav. Gilbert, Parochl. Hist, of Col., i. 354. 

Like Moroah Downs, hard and never ploughed. — N., HI., v. 275. 

All of a motion, like a Mulfra toad on a hot showl — A''., HI., 
V. 275. 

Blown about like a Mulfrea toad in a gale of wind. — lb. 

From Padstow Point to Lundy Light 
its a watery grave by day or night. 

The good-fellowship of Padstow. — N., 111., v. 275. 

When Meeth and Martin shall go down, 
Padstow shall be a haven town. — Polwh., v. 
Meeth on the Torridge and Comb Martin are both in 
N. Devon. 
By Penhale fair (Sep. 25) 
wheat should cover a hare, i.e. have grown high enough to hide 

her back. 
This was in times of early tillage. — G. B. Worgan, Agric. Hist, 
of C, p. 60. 

Penryn. Old Penryners up in a tree, 

looking as whist as whist can be. 
Falmouth boys as strong as oak, 
knock them down with a single stroke. 

Wn. Antiq., ii. 6. 

Redruth boys, Redruth boys up in the tree 

looking as whist as whist can be. 

Illogan boys, Illogan boys up in the oak [2h m. N.W. of Redruth. 

knocking down Redruth boys at every stroke. Cf. Penryn.] 

Westn. Antiq., ii. 37. 



Camborne men enquire scornfully of Redruth men, " Who 
crowned the donkey ? " And Redruth men remember with 
contrition an act of jeering disloyalty committed on the 
accession of George IV. Another taunt flung at them is 
that they have all three chocks [or slits] in their heels. — 
Arthur H. Norway, Highways and Byways in Devon and 
Cormvall, p. 311, 1897. 
Not a word of Penzance ! [Pensants. — P. in R., 1678] — N., III., 
V. 275. Accused of cowardice during the Spanish inva- 
sion 1595. — See Heath's Scilly. 
There is always a wind from Penzance to Mousehole (Capt. 
Tregarthen). — White, Londoner's Walk, p. 266. 
When Pons-an-dane calls to Lariggan river, 
there will be fine weather ; 
but when Lariggan calls to Pons-an-dane, 
there will be rain. 

Two streams entering the sea at Mount's Bay on 
N.E. and S.W.~iV., VII., ix. 213. 

Stean san Agnes anguella stean en Kernow. 
(St. Agnes' tin is the best tin in Cornwall.) — Polwh. 
St. Austell [14 m. N.E. of Truro]. 

Now farmers, now farmers, take care of your hay, 
for its the Quaker's great meeting to-day. 
The annual Friends' meeting about hay harvest, generally wet. 

W. Antiq., ii. 37. 
He is gone to St. Colomb, i.e. is in the sulks. — Polw., v. 39. 
St. Germans. In Craftehole* twelve houses and thirteen cuckolds 
and never a house between. — Norden, Spec. Brit. ; 
Carew, p. 92. 
* A creek or hamlet in Shevicke par., and a great thoroughfare. 

St. Ives. The Pope, our best customer. Toast at the Corporation 

dinners. See Prely. n. 
No metal will run within the sound of St. Keverne's bells 

The Saint being offended has made the country unproductive of 


St. Just. Sav a man kebner thali ha ker tha'n hal 

Morte'ed a metten travouth ne dal. 
i.e. Get up, take thy breakfast, and go to the moor. 
At St. Just stream or Penwith, where are both fishermen 
and tinmen. — Polwh., ii. 30, 1826. 
Stratton [15 m. N.W. of Launceston] . As big as Tom Payne of 
Stratton, i.e. the celebrated Cornish giant, servant to Sir 
Bevil Grenvil (Devonshire). — N., VIII. , ii. 368. 
When with panniers astride 
a pack-horse can ride 
through Saint Levan's stone,* 
the world will be done. 
* A great rock in chyd. of St. Levan, 7 m. S.W. of Penzance. — Hll. 



There is in Cornwall, near the parish of St. Neots, a well arched 
over with the robes of four kinds of trees — withy, oak, elm, 
and ash, dedicated to St. Keyne aforesaid. The reported 
value of the water is this, That whether husband or wife 
come first to drink thereof they get the mastery thereby. — 
F. W., Wales, p. 22. 

The pride of Truro.— iV., III., v. 275. Ther is not a towne in the 
waste part of the Shire more commendable for neatness of 
buildings and for being served of all kyndd of necessaries, 
nor more discommendable for pryde of the people. — Norden. 

Tru-ru. Truru consisteth of three streets, and it shall in time 
be said " Here stood Truru." — F. W. Ru-ni (in English Woe). 


Ombdina geveth Try-ru- — Carew, f. 141. 

No cock, no charter. A woodcock is bound to be served at the 
banquet of the Mayor of Truro (Oct. 9). — Polwh., v. 38. 

Talland [8 m. S. of Liskeard] . 

If you will my wish fulfil 

build the church on Talland Hill. — F. L. J., v. 

The church was commenced at Pulpit, but in obedience to this 
injunction was removed to near the coast. 

Wellcombe [3 m. from Morwenstow].— Baring Gould, Life of 
Hawker, p. 140. 
Grained like a Wellcombe woman (Haz., 2nd E.), i.e. of dark 

TowEDNACK [2 m. S.W. of St. Ives]. " Who built a wall round 
the cuckoo ? " retort taunt of the St. Ives men. Some 
natives of the bleak village of Zennor resolved to keep the 
warm weather always with them by detaining a cuckoo. 
So they caught him and began to build a wall round him, 
but had only completed 2 or 3 courses when the bird flew 
out. " Ef us'd got another coorse an' us'd a kep'n in," 
they said regretfully, as they watched their treasure fiy 
away. — Norway, Highways and Byivays, p. 253. 

Zennor [5 m. N.N.W. of Penzance] . The Zennor people ask the 
St. Ives men "Who whipped the hake?" The fishers of 
St. Ives were much distressed by the ravages made by the 
hake, then very numerous along the coast, among the 
mackerel. So they took the natural and simple course of 
catching the largest they could find, whipped him soundly 
with little rods to teach him better manners, and put him 
back to tell his brothers what he had undergone. — Norway, 
Highways of Dev. and Cornw., p. 311. 

Never a Granville wanted loyalty, a Godolphin wit, or a 
Trelawny courage. — Haz. 

The four wheels of Charles' wain, [Cavalier, W.C. leaders] 
Grenville, Godolphin, Trevanion, Skinning, slain. 

Worth's W. Country Garland, 


LOCAL PROVERBS. Cumberland. 

And shall Trelawny die ? (bis) 
Here's twenty thousand Cornishmen 
Will know the reason why. 

Introduced by the Rev. R. S. Hawker in his Soig of the Western 
Men, is really old, having been a popular prov. in Cornwall 
since the days of James H. — Spectator, 10/6, 1893. 


Cumberland grey-coats. From their home- spun garb. — Murr. 

He that fetcheth a wife from Shrewsbury must carry her into 

Shrewsbury, or else shall live in Cumberland. — F. W. See 

also Wiltshire. 

The devil and John of Cumberland. — Ho, 

If that glass either break or fall, 

farewell the luck of Edenhall [3 m. E.N.E. of Penrith]. 

See Brand, P. A., ii. 335. 

A ballad on this subject by Uhland has been translated by 

The luck of Muncaster. An enamelled glass vase preserved at 
Muncaster Castle nr. Ravenglass [S. W. Cumbd.]. The 
virtue ascribed to it that the ancient family of Pennington 
would never want a male heir to the estates while it remained 
unbroken. — Murr. 

The Percys' profit was the Lucys' loss. — F. W. This was the 
settlement of the honour of Cockermouth on Henry Percy, 
first Earl of Northumberland by the Lady Maude Lucy, on 
condition of his bearing her arms (3 luces quarterly) in lieu 
of taking her name on marriage. — See Metrl. Chron. of the 
family of Percy, by Wm. Peeris 1500, in M. A. Denham's 
Folk Lore of Northninb., 1858, p. 2. 

It will do in spite of the devil and Dick Senhouse. Brady, Var. 
of Lit. 

The Senhouses were a family of accomplished gamesters. — 
Hutchinson, His. of Cumberland, 1794. 

The Allonby midge-fleet, i.e. the small herring boats of this bathing- 
place [9 m. N. W. of Cockermouth] . — Gibson. 

He's a Bewcastler, i.e. a bad one. — M. A. Denham, Nn. F. L., p. 44. 
[N. Cumbd., 9 m. E.N.E. of Brampton.] 

Black Comb. A mountain at the foot of which the road dividing 
Cumbd. from Lancashire passes. The people of Broughton 
in Furness and of Bootle in Cumberland hold that nothing 
good ever came round that nook. — Gibbon, i. 54. 

A BoRRowDALE cuckoo. Like the men of Gotham's attempt to 
detain the cuckoo, a wall is said to have been built across 
the narrow gorge of Borrowdale [5 m. S. of Keswick] 
for that purpose. — Gibson. 

BowNESs [10 m. S.W. of Longtown, N.W. Cumbd.] . 



Low church, high steeple, 
drunken priest and wicked people. 

Trans. Hist. Soc. of Lane, and Chesh., ii. 168 n. 

*' Carry me back," says Bowness bell. Supposed to have 
been stolen from Tundergarth on the opposite side of 
the Solway. — Gn. 


Caldbeck and Caldbeck fells [N. of Skiddaw] 

Are worth all England else, i.e. for mineral wealth. — Gn. 

Carlisle. Nearer God's blessing than Carlisle fair. — Scot. You 
need but go to your closet for the one, but you must go out 

of the kine:dom for the other. — K. 


Cf. Out of God's blessing, and 

The grace of God is worth a fair. 

Merrie Carlisle. — Adam Bell, Clyni of the Ctough. Pf. 

In by the Flosh to Carel = the longest way round is the nearest 
way home. 

Let us gang together like t' ladso' Drigg and t' lasses o' Becker- 
met. See Ferguson's Northmen of Cumbd. and Westmd. 
— Gibson. 

When Ehen meets the Calder tkere 's an end to the world. Two 
streams running parallel into the sea nr. Seascale, within 
a mile of each other. — Walter White, Nhd. and BovdeVy 
p. 432. 

When Gelt puts on his nightcap 'tis sure to rain. [N.E. 
Cumbd.]. — Denham, F. L.N. of E., p. 13, 1850. 

Harrington [5 m. N.N.E. of Whitehaven]. — See Whitehaven. 
As old as Walker Brow. — Gibson. 

He breaks bands like a Herdwick tip. A breed of small active 
sheep said to have been introduced from Norway and 
constantly breaking bounds. — Gn. 

Inglewood [3 m. N. of Penrith] . Chase de Engelwode. — Douce 
MS. 98. 

Lamplugh hawkies. Inhabitants of a par. adjoining Loweswater, 
so called from a local breed of cattle, now extinct. — Gn. 

From Lamplugh fell to Moresbee [2 m. N. of Whitehaven] 
A squirrel could hop from tree to tree. — Gn. 

" It's a big world when yan seen it o' " as t' Loweswater lad 
said when he got on Mowerkin How. — Gn. A small 
elevation at the head of the vale of Loweswater [6 m. 
S.E. of Cockermouth] . 

Maryport. See Whitehaven. 

The Isle of Man seen fair and clear 

Is the sign of westerly breezes here. — Gibson. 

Moresbee. See Lamplugh. 


LOCAL PROVERBS. Cumberland. 

Plumbland [6 m. N.E. of Cockermouth] . 

Sec a seet as ne'er was seen 
Plimlan Church on Arkleby Green. 

W. Dickinson, Dialect of Cumberland. 

Saint Bees Head seen fair and clear 
Is a sign of westerly breezes here. 
The Isle of Man may be substituted. A saying about Maryport, 
W. Cumbd. — Gn. 

rr 01 -jj hath. — Ho. 
If Skiddaw 

wears a cap, 

ScrufFel wots full well of that. — F. W. i.e. Criffel in Annandale, 
Kirkcudbrightshire on the Scotish border. 
When Skiddaws fell puts on a cap 
Criffel Hill begins to drap. — Gibson. 
[Helvellyn and Catchedecam.] 

Skiddaw, Lanvellin [Lavellyn. — Ho. Lauvellin. — F. W.] and 
Casticand are the highest hills in all England. — Camd. Brit. 
Fuller adds : Every county is given to magnify (not to say 
altify) their own things therein. Cattstee cam, signifying 
the top of a ladder or track, available only to cats, is the 
proper name of this height. The old rhymester has altered 
it to meet a rhyming emergency, and Scott has made it 
Catchedecam. — Gibson. 

" If it rains we mun dee as they dee under Skiddaw." " How's 
that ? " " Why they let it come down." Said to be one of 
the rainiest spots in England. — Gn. 

Wardhall [in the par. of Seabraham betw°- Egremont and 
Ambleside] , or Bridekirk near the Derwent. 
A lady of the Warthole family was addicted to gambling at high 
stakes, and having set all upon a cast, when Hfting the last 
card she exclaimed : 

" Up a deuce or else a trey, 
Or Warthole's lost for ever and aye." — Gibn., i. 61. 

the game was Put where the trey is the best card. — 
[Whellan's Cumhd. and Westind., 290.] The card came as the 
player wished, and to perpetuate the trick the owner had it — the 
ace of clubs — cut in stone and placed on the building. It still 
exists. — Hutchinson's Cnmbd., i. 349. Higson's version: 
" Up now, ace, and down with the trey. 
Or Wardhall's gone for ever and aye." — 27. 

Wastdale Head possesses (says the country saying) the highest 
mountain, the deepest lake, and the smallest church in 
England. There are two other superlatives that complete 
the dalesman's epigram, but these we suppress out of 
reverence towards the dead and kindliness to the living. 
The saying is truer than such witticisms are apt to be. — 
D. N., 22/10, '83, Mountaineering in Cumberland. 
The wicked of Water Millock.*— Brady, Var. of Lit. 

* 6 m. S.W. of Penrith. 



Whillimoor cheese [4 m. N.E. of Whitehaven] . 
Lank and lean, 
But cheap and clean. Poor skim-milk cheese. — Gn. 

A Whillimoor lion ? a sheep. — Gn. 

Whitehaven fortune. — Gn 

Whitehaven blackbirds, Harrington crows 
W^orkington'^' sweeps, and Maryport beaux. — Gn., W. Cumb. 
The first three are colliers by trade. 

*5 m. N. of Whitehaven. 

Workington. Three in a gig, Workington fashion. — Gn. 

Whatever may hap or whatever befall, 
I '11 be lady of Workington Hall. 

A prophecy of one of the housemaids as she decked herself 
in her deceased mistress's clothes. She married a younger 
son, who ultimately succeeded to the Curwen estate. — Gn. 


[There are no Derbysh. Prov. either in F. W. or R.] 

Darbyschir full of doggys. — MS. Harl. 

Derbyshire full of dogges. — MS. Rawl. 

To Derby is assign'd the name of " wool and lead," 

As Nottingham's of old is " common ale and bread." 

Drayt. Pol., 1622. 

Derbyshire for wool and lead. — W. W. Neiv Help to Discourse, p. 113, 

Derbyshire for lead, Devonshire for tin. — Help to Discourse, 1631 (?). 
Wiltshire for plains, and Middlesex for sin. — Globe, 16/6, 1884. See 

To send lead into Derbyshire and pippins into Kent. — Torriano. 

Derbyshire born and Derbyshire bred. 

Strong i' th'armand thick [weak] i' the yed. — N., I.,v. 573, F.L.J. ii. 

Strong i' th' back. — Addy. Sheffield Gloss. 

Var. : With a very strong arm and a very thick head. 

A Darby is slow and easy, but goes far in a day. — N., V., viii. 226. 

I will discover it [the jest] not as a Derbyshire woman discovers 
her great teeth, in laughter. — Webster, North Ho., iii. 2. 

Derbyshire neck. The goitre enlargement of the neck, which is 
found in the county and attributed to the presence of lime 
and other minerals in the drinking water. 

Everyone coming across Whaley Bridge (the division of the counties 
of Derby and Chester, near Macclesfield) has hooked fingers 
i.e. is careful and close-fisted. — N., V., viii. 226. 

Two words for money, Darbyshirian wise, 
(That 's one too many) is a naughty guise ; 
Who looks for double biddings to a feast. 
May dine at home for an importune guest. 
N., VHL, xii. 207, 330. Bp. Hall, Satires, HI., iii. 11. 



An allusion to a Derbyshire saying, the point of which 
seems to be that it is foolish to decline accepting 
money the first time itis offered. — Maitland, n. in 
Edinburgh edn., 1825. 

? whether the point is not that money is hard to get in 
Derbyshire. See above. 

Strike Dawkin : the devil is in the hemp. — R., 1678. (The motto of 
the Dakyns.) — Lower, Curiosities of Heraldry, p. 155. 

If I have not an ace, a deuce, and a tray, 
Farewell Alfreton for ever and aye. 
Said of the town, and also of Carnfield Hall in its neighbourhood. — A. 
Alfreton kettles, Pentrich pans, 
Crich great rollers, Wingfield ting-tangs [bells] . — A. 

Alfreton [13 m. N.N.E. of Derby.] See Ripley. 
AsHBouRN has, which is a kind of riddle, always in it the best malt 
and the worst ale in England. — Cotton, Complete Angler. 
Ashbourn. Angliae umbilicus. 

AsHFORD. Ashford in the water, 

Bakewell in the spice, 
Sheldon in the nutwood, 
And Longdon in the lice. 

Murr., Reliquary, iv. 61. 
[The first three in N. Derbyshire, the last in N. Staffordsh.] 

Ding-dong for Timington, ten bells at Birmingham ; 
Two slippers and a trash, say the bells of Moneyash. 
" We will ring 'em down," say the bells of Tideswell^ (or 

Taddington) town. 
" We will ring a merry peal," say the bells of Bakewell. 

* 54 m. N.W. of Bakewell. N., Vl., iv. 529. 


Barrow's big boulders, Repton merry bells, 
Feremark's crackt pancheons and Newton egg-shells, 
[Faremark. — A.] i.e. Newton-Solney. 

All in S. Derbysh. N., VI., ii. 514. 

Pancheons. A large glazed earthenware pan used, in bread- 
making, &c. — Bigsby, Hist, of Repton, p. 394. N., VII., xii. 17. 
Bolder. A loud report. A cloudy thundering day is called a 

boldering day. — North. Hll. 
Pancheon. A large broad pan. — East. Hll. 
BuTTERLEY [5 m. N.W. of Alfreton]. See Ripley. 
Chatsworth. See Peak. 

Chesterfield. You cannot spell Chesterfield steeple right. — G. 
\i.e. straight]. 
Satan was once flying over Scarsdale, and rested on the spire 
of Chesterfield Church. Just then the incense was burning, 
and a whiff came up which so disturbed his sable Majesty 
that he gave a violent kick and knocked the steeple out 
of shape. 



When Chesterfield was heath and broom, 
Leech Fend was a market town. 
Now Leech Fend*' is all heath and broom, 
And Chesterfield a market town. — Addy. 
* A boggy piece of ground on the Sheffield Road. 

When Codenor'sf pond runs dry 
The lordes may say "Good-bye." 
t E. Derbyshire, near Belper. 

Codnor Park, an ancient seat of the Zouches, now occupied 
by iron-works. — Murr. 

Crich [4 m. N. of Belper] . See Alfreton. 

Crich two roller-boulders, Wingfield ting-tangs 

Alfreton kettles and Pentrich pans ; 

Kirk Hallam candlesticks, Cossali cow-bells, 

Denby cracked pancheons and Horsley merry bells. — A. 

CossALL [6 m. W.N.W. of Notthm.]. See Crich. 

Derby ale and London beer. — Ho. 

Derby for ale. — P. Robin, 1687. 

" Pancakes and fritters," say All Saints' and St. Peter's. 
" When will the ball come ? " say the bells of St. Alkmun. 
" At two they will throw," says St. Werabo (St. Werburgh). 
" Oh, very well," says little Michael. — A. 

Refers to a game of football on Shrove Tuesday. 

St. Alkmund's five bells — " Fresh fish come to town." 

St. Michael's three (one crackt) — " They stink'en." 

All Saints' (repeat quickly) — " Put a little more salt on them^ 

brave boys," 
St. Peter's four—" They '11 do to fry." 
St. Werburgh's six— "Old Harry take them all."— A. 

DovEDALE. In April Dove's flood 

Is worth a King's good. 

Camd., Brit. See Staff ordsh. 

The Dove whose banks so fertile be. — Drayt, Pol. 
It overflows suddenly and quickly subsides. 

It 's nearly as good as Doveland. — A. 

If a stick be laid down there overnight in spring, it will not be 
found for grass the next morning. — A. cf. Gloucest. 

It is a proverb in England that the men of Tividal, borderers 
on the English middle marches, have likers, lemmans, and 
lyerlnes. — Brian Melbancke. Philotimns, 1583. [Three 
varieties of mistress.] 

Dethwick [2 m. S.E. of Matlock]. 

The clerk o' Dethick, the piper of Lea, 

Old England's fiddler, Billy Bunting and me. 

Spencer Hall, Days in Derbyshire. 



The answer made by one who filled all these positions. He 
had secured himself in a bedroom at a crowded inn the night 
of Ashover feast, and when challenged from the outside as 
to who occupied the room, kept it to himself by this 
" pious fraud." This is the converse of the Welshman 
claiming shelter late at night and frightening the innkeeper 
by the length of his titles of descent. Ashover is 5 m. 
S.W. of Chesterfield. 
Elden hole wants filling up. Spoken of a liar. — F.W. 

N.W. Derby, near Castleton ; one of the wonders of the Peak, 
which see. Denham {F.L. of NovtM., p. 59) seems to allude 
to this prov. as spoken of persons whose place of birth and 
former residence are alike unknown to the party questioned. 
FoREMARK [5 m. N.E. of Burton]. See Barrow. 
Hardwick for bigness, Worksop for height. — N., IV., ix. 160. 
See Notts. 

Hardwick Hall, 

More window [glass — A.] than wall. — Sharp, Bvit. Gaz. 
In windows than in wall. — Higson, 149. See Haz., p. 150. 
The Duke of Devonshire's seat, N.E. Derbyshire. [6 m. S.E. 

of Chesterfield] . 
The picture gallery, 170 ft. long, is lighted by 18 windows, each 
of which is believed to contain 1,500 panes of glass. — A. 
HoRSLEY [2 m. S.W. of Belper]. See Crich. 
Kinder Scout, [Scout a high rock. — Lane, HIL] 

The cowdest place areawt. — Higson. 
A hill 1,800 feet high. In the Peak near Chapel-le-Frith. 
Kirk Hallam [7 m. E.N.E. of Derby]. See Crich. 
Masson. Masson top has got a cap [above Matlock] 
an' Darley Dale must pay for that. — A. 
Masson Low or the Heights of Abraham, 800 ft. high. 
Newton Solney [2 m. N.E. of Burton]. See Barrow. 
Padley. [N. Derbysh., nr. BakewelL] 

Go, pipe at Padley, there's a peascod feast. — R., 1678. 
Spoken in derision of busybodies. 
Some have it : Go pipe at Colston (Notts). — R., 1678. 
The Peak. Yet was he to sight a stout and lusty freake, 
And as he bosted he borne was in the peake. 

Barclay, Eel. i. 

King of the Peak. See Tour of Gt. Brit., iii. 98. 

Peakrels. A name given to the inhabitants of the Peak. — Hll. 

To send your wife to the Peak, i.e. when she vexes you. — Pepys 

Dy., Jan. 19, 1662-3. 
The devil's arse a peak. The end of the world. — Torriano. 
He comes from the devil's arse at Peak and a peak beyond. 

Said of persons whose birthplace and former residence are 




The Devil's Arse is a natural cavern at Castleton, called one of 
the Wonders of the Peak. — Cf. Elden hole. 

Mira alto Pecco tria sunt, barathrum specus, antrum 
Commodat tot, Plumbum, Gramen, Ovile pecus 

Tot speciosa simul sunt Castrum, Balnea Chatsworth 
Plura sed occurrunt qua speciosa minus. 

Camd., Brit., f. 495. 
Nine things that please us at the Peak we see, \ 
A Cave, a Den, a Hole, a Wonder be ; > 

Lead, Sheep, and Pasture are the useful Three. ) 
Chatsworth the Castle and the Bath deHght ; 
Much more you see : all little worth the sight. — Ih. 

Pentrich [4 m. N.E. of Belper]. 5"^^ Alfreton and Crich. 

Repton. See. Ashford. 

Ripley [4 m. N.E. of Belper]. 

Ripley ruffians, Butterley blacks,*' 
Swanwick bull-dogs, Alfreton shacks. 
* Ironworks in vicinity. 

(Abt. 1800.) — Andrews' Book of Oddities, p. 84. 

Sheldon [3 m. W. of Bakewell]. 5^^ Ashford. 

Spondon [3i m. S.E. of Derby] . Paroche de Espanding — Douce 
MS., 98. 

Swanwick [i m. S.S.W. of Alfreton]. See Ripley. 


He is driving his hogs over Swarston bridge, i.e. snoring. — G. 

Swarkeston Bridge, near Repton, consists of 29 arches and 
3,912 ft. to cross the Trent, which is at that point only 
514 feet wide, so that when a drove of pigs is driven over 
the narrowness causes them to grunt. — Gr, 

WiNGFiELD. South Wingfield [2 m. W. of Alfreton]. See Alfreton 
and Crich. 


Devinschir mizt and strong. — MS. Harl. 

Devenshire myghty and strong. — Rawlin. MS. 

A Devonshire man=:a buccanier. So spoken of by Elizabeth's 
Cecil. — Hamilton's Quarter Sessions fr. Eliz. to Anne. 

Clouted cream. The County of Cream and the Cream of Counties. 

White ale. This is commonly pronounced Whit ale, w'^ may be a 
corruption from Wheat, but more probably derives its appel- 
lation from the quantity of air which rises from it and gives 
it a turbid whiteness. — Gough, n. to Camden. 

(I tasted and liked it at Dartmouth in 1885 ) See Salcombe. 

Devonshire for whitepots — P. Rob., 1687. See Cornwall. 



Strawberries. In Latin fraga, most toothsome to the palate (I mean 
if with Claret wine or sweet cream), and so plentiful in this 
county that a traveller may gather them sitting on horseback 
in their hollow highways. They delight to grow on the 
North side of a bank, and are great coolers. — F. W., p. 246. 

A Devonshire dumpling. A short, thick, and plump young woman. 

The clannish feeling of cousinship is said to have outlasted in 
Devonshire, while it has died out in Cornwall. — Polwhele, 
Traditions of Cornwall, p. 721, 1822. 

Devonshire for dawdles. — Globe, 1&I6, 1884. 

Dull Devonshire. — Rob. Herrick. A sprightly book published in 
1886 by Miss Gibbons, of Budleigh Salterton, had for title 
" We Donkeys " in Devon, seems to put this cap on. 

Cornish people say that Cornwall would be a very good county and like 
the rest of the world if Devonshire didn't stand in the way. 

Cornwall and Devonshire say: " We '11 wrestle for a fall." — Drayt. 
Pol., xxiii. 

Summer. Many people this quarter shall be troubled with the 
Devonshire man's disease, who, being asked how he did, 
replied: "Che's not zick nor che's not well: che can eat 
and drink most woundily, but che cannot work." — Poor Rob., 
Progn., 1684. 

See also P. Rob., Aim., July, 1672. 

The soil [of the Lord's Meadow, a broad, open field extending from 
the Crediton valley to the Creedy river] is very fertile both 
for corn and pasture, insomuch that it is grown to a general 
proverb throughout the whole kingdom, " as good hay as any 
in Denshire," and here in the country "as good hay as any in 
Kirton," and there "as good as any in my lord's meadow," 
than which there can be no better. — Westcott. 

Devonshire for tin. See Derbysh. and Chesh. 

Herrings. These still are taken in great, and were formerly in 
greater, plenty in this co. ; for I read of great quantities of 
them for 6 or 7 years together taken at Limmouth, until the 
Proctor (as is said), not contented with reasonable and 
indifferent tithes, vexed the poor fishermen with unusual and 
extraordinary payment. 

To Denshere land. [To Devonshire ground. — F. W.] That is, 
to pare off the surface or top turf thereof, and to lay it up 
in heaps and burn it, which ashes are a marvellous improve- 
ment to battle barren land (F. W.) [by reason of the fixed 
salt which they contain. This course they take with their 
barren, spungy, heathy land in many counties in England, 
and call it " Denshiring." Land so used will bear tv/o or 
three good crops of corn, and then must be thrown down 
again. — R. W., 70.] They say 'tis good for the father, but 
naught for the son, by reason it does so wear out the heart of 
the land. — Aubrey, Hat. Hist, of IVilts. Thus they may be 
said to stew the land in its own liquor. — -'F. W. 



Hurt-berries. In Latin Vaccinia, most wholesome to the stomach, but 
of a very astringent nature, so plentiful in this shire that it is 
a kind of harvest to poor people, whose children nigh Axmin- 
ster will earn 8d. a day for a month together in gathering them. 
First they are green, then red, and at last a dark blue. 

The Gubbings-Land is a Scythia within England, and they pure 
heathens therein. It lieth nigh Brent-Tor, on the edge of 
Dartmoor. . . . They live in cots (rather holes than houses) 
like swine, having all in common, multiplied without mar- 
riage, into many hundreds. Their language is the dross of 
the dregs of the vulgar Devonian. . . . Their wealth con- 
sisteth in other men's goods, and they live by stealing the 
sheep on the moor, &c. — F. W. 

Crocker, Cruwys, and Coplestone, when the Conqueror came, were 
all at home. — See n. in Haz. 

The Bulteels trace their descent from the Crockers. — Murr. 

Copplestone, Crewys, and Crocker were home 
when the Conqueror come. — N., V., vi. 476. 

Please God and Lord Mount Edgcumbe (Haz., 94), — current at 
Plymouth and Devonport, where Ld. M. occupies the place 
of the " Herr Gott-Militar " of S. Germany. 

One of Crocker's showers (that lasts four-and-twenty hours). — 
N., VIII., ii. 368. 

The four wheels of Charles' wain, 

Grenville, Godolphin, Trevannion, Slanning, slain. 

(All Devonshire families, adherents of the Stuarts.) Never a 
Grenvile wanted loyalty.- — Norway, H. &> B. in D. S' C, 18^. 

As big a liar as Tom Payne (or Pepper), and he got kicked out of 
hell for telling lies.— iV., VIII., ii. 368. 
The Tracys 
Have always the wind in their faces. 
Sir Wm. Tracy was^one of the four knights who compassed the death 
of Thomas A'Beckett. — F. W. See note in Gloucestershire. 
Bishop's Nympton [3 m. S.E. of South Molton] for length, South 
Molton for strength, and Chittlehampton for beauty. The 
church towers, all three built by the same architect. — N ., 
VII., vii. 274. Cf. Oxfordsh. 

Barnstaple. The capital of North Devon. 

When Black down's white, black hay's good. — Polwhele, Covnw. 
Burrow, or Burr Island (in Bigbury par., South Hams). 

The Avon rises in Dartmoor. 

Where Avon's waters with the sea are mixt, 
St. Michael firmly on a rock is fixt. 
Brixham dabs. — N., V., vi. 476. 

The master built Broadhembury [5 m. N.W. of Honiton], the 
man Broad Clyst [5 m. N.E. of Exeter]. — Polwhele, Covnw. 
i.e., the churches and towers, and the man's being best, 
the master hung himself. 



A Brixham lord. One having a share of the manorial fishery 
rights. — White, 194. 

Budleigh boys. Straight hair and long teeth. — N., V., v. 

When Cadbury Castle and Dolbury Hill down delved were, 
Then Denshire might plough with a golden coulter and eke with 
a gilded sheer. 

Caderbyr Castle now belongs to the Carews. From it you may 
see 5 m. S.E. Dolbury, in par. of Broad Clyst. — Westcott. 

As fine as Kerton [CreditonJ spinning, i.e. as delicate hay. See 
Prely. on County. 

Which, to express the better to your belief, it was very true 
140 threads of woollen yarn spun in that town were drawn 
together through the eye of a taylor's needle, which needle 
and thread were for many years together to be seen in 
Watling Street in London, in the shop of Mr. Dunscomb, 
at the sign of the Golden Bottle. — Westcott's Devonsh. 

Kerdon was a^market town 

When Exeter was a fuzzy down. — Haz. 

When Ex'ter was a fuzzy down 

Kerton was a mayor town. — N., V., vi. 364. 

Chagge Vord [Chagford]. 

Good Lord ! (cold country on Dartmoor). — N., V., vi. 476. 

In summer. Chaggiford and what d 'ye think ? — N., L, ii. 452. 

Chittlehampton [5 m. W. of South Molton]. See Bishop's 

Of all rogues beware of Chulmleigh rogues [20 m, N.W. of 
Exeter]. — Polw., Corn., v. 39. 

CoRNWooD [8^ m. N.E. of Plymouth]. See Ugborough. 

Churston [Ferrers] liver-eaters. [7 m. S.E. of Totnes on 
Torbay.]— N., V., vi. 476. 

CuLMSTocK [6 m. N.E. of Cullompton] . 

Till Culmstock Fair be come and gone, [May 21] 
There mid be apples and mid be none. 

Elworthy, W. Som. Wd. Bk. 

Cf. Olaus Wormius Monumenta Dansea, i. 7. 

River of Dart, river of Dart, 

Every year thou claimest a heart (dangerous from its rapidity). 

N., L, ii. 511. 

The "crying" of the Dart foretells rain. "We shall have a 
change. I hear 'the Broadstones ' [in the bed of the 
river] crying, or else 'tis Jordan Ball." — Trans. Dev. Assoc, 
viii. 58. 

He that will not happy be 

With a pretty girl by the fire, 
I wish he were atop of Dartmoor 
A-slugging in the mire. — Murr. 

VOL. I. 65 5 


If you scratch my back, I 'II scratch your face. Said by " The 
Demon of Dartmoor" to spectators who have attempted to 
reclaim the moor and come to grief. — Coynhill Mag., Nov., 

Cf. Scratch my back and pay vort. — Quart. Rev., 178, p. 425. 

Blow the wind high, blow the wind low, 
It bloweth good to Hawley's Hoe [Dartmouth], 
[vair. — A/"., V., vi.] 

The family of Haule or Haulley were eminent merchants long 
resident in Dartmouth [from the time of Hen. IV.]. Their 
extensive transactions led to this saying. (?) The Hole family 
of to-day. — Fifth Report on Historl. MSS., by H. T. Riley. 

It is popularly said that no one born and bred on Dartmoor 
ever was consumptive. — Murray's Mag., i88g, p. 247. 

Dartmouth dicky-birds. — N., V., vi. 476. 

There is a local saying that [the Tors of Dartmoor] were raised 
when there were flying serpents on the hills and wolves in 
the valleys. . . . Wistman's Wood, overhanging the E. 
Dart, between Crockern Tor and Bairdown. Here may be 
seen 500 oaks 500 feet high — i.e. each oak one foot in height. 
So stunted and gnarled are they that an ordinary man's 
hand can measure them. — Cornhill Mag., Nov., '87. 
As old as Dumpn. (Dumpdon Hill, a Roman or British earth- 
work near Honiton. — N., V., vi. 364. 
Nothing is good in ex-tremes [Exe-streamsJ. — Polwh., Corn., v. 39. 
That 's extra [Exeter], as the old woman said when she saw 
Kirton. — /V., II., ii. 246; V., ii. 332. 

When Ex'ter was a fuzzy down 
Kerton was a mayor town, — N., V,, vi. 364. 
Exeter jail-birds. — N., V., vi. 474. 
Excestria clara metallis. See York. 
Fardell [on the skirts of Dartmoor, near Ivy Bridge]. 
Between this stone and Fardell Hall 
Lies as much money as the devil can haul. 
i.e. treasure supposed to have been buried by Raleigh, whose 
father owned Fardell. — ^Murr. 
When *Haldon hath a hat [Cf. Sir Gaivayn, ed. Madden, p. 77] 
Kenton may beware a skat [i.e. a skat or shower]. — N., I., ii. 511. 
[6|- m. S.E. of Exeter.] 

* A hill range betw. the rivers Exe and Teign. 
Harford [12 m. N.E. of Plymouth]. See Ugborough. 
When Heytor rock wears a hood [one of the Dartmoor range] 
Manxton folk may expect no good. — Haz. 

[? Manaton, 3 m. S. of Moreton Hampsted.] 
The people are poor 
at "•^'Hatherleigh Moor, 
and so they have been 
for ever and ever. — Haz. 
*430 acres, N.W. Devon, near Torrington. 



I John o' Gaunt 

do give and do grant 

unto Hatherleigh poor 

Hatherleigh Moor 

from this time forth for evermore. 

Wm. White, History of Devon, 1878. 
HoNiTON. For if one can flater and here a hawke on his fyst, 

He shall be made Person of Honyngton or of Clyst. 

Barclay, Ship of Fads, i. 22. 
Lace.— F. W. 

IvYBRiDGE [10 m. N.E. of Plymouth]. See Ugborough. 
All on one side, like Kingswear boys. — 5 N., V. 

[S.E. Devon, opposite Dartmouth.] 
First hang and draw, 

then hear the cause by Lydford law. — F. W. 
This was one of the Stannaries Courts. 

Now be the lawe of lydfford in londe and in water. — J. Westcott, 
Devonshire, 1630. 

Jjilke lewde ladde oughte eyylle to pryve 

j)at hongith on his hippis more than he wynneth. 

Richard the Redeles, 1399, iii. 145. 
E.E.T.S., P. Plow., Vis., p. 491. 
I oft have heard of Lydford law. 
How in the morn they hang and draw 
And sit in judgment after. 

Wm. Browne, Lansd. MSS. 777, p. 360. 
See Chambers, B. of Days, ii. 327, and Haz., p. 132. 
As it is reported of a Judge of the Stannery at Lydford, in 
Devon, who having hanged a felon among the Tinners in 
the forenoon sate in judgment upon him in the afternoon. — 
T. Adams, Lycanthropy, Wks., p. 389. 
Meeth, Martin. See in Cornwall, under Padstow. 
MoRETON [Hampsted] tatie eaters. — N., V., vi. 476. 
[11 m. S.W. of Exeter.] 
He may remove Mort stone. — F. W. A rock guarding the 
entrance of Barnstaple Bay. It has been supposed to refer 
to the large upright Druidical stone on the high ground 
near Bull Point. — Tugwell. 

Spoken of one who is master of his wife. — F. W. No power 
on earth can remove it but that of a number of wives who 
have dominion over their husbands. — Murr. 
MoRTHOE was the last place God made and the first that the devil 
will take, — Murr. This is a village on a neighbouring 
headland, which is a great resort of visitors to Ilfracombe 
from the luxurious footing of the Woolacombe sands. 
MoDBURY. Hark to Modbury*- bells, how they do quiver, 

better than Ermingtonf bells down b}^ the river. 

Worth, 5. Devon. 
*7j m. N.W. of Kingsbridge. fa m. N.W. of Modbury on the Erme. 



A Paignton cabbage. Monstrous in size, but of the finest flavour. 

To go to Paignton to meet the French. A Totnes saying, 
meaning to meet danger half-way unnecessarily. Napoleon 
was expected to invade England, like William III., by 
landing in Torbay. — Trans. Dev. Assoc. , ix. loi. 

Plymouth, the Cornishman's London. 

A Plymouth cloak, i.e. a staff. — F. W. Mass. N. Way, i. i. 
See Haz., p. 30. 

" Clad in a cloak of Plymouth." — Denham, To Sir Jno. Mennis. 

Rather it seems to be a leafy branch which shipwreckt sailors 
who had lost their clothes provided themselves with as a 
covering. Cf. Homer, Odyssey, vi. 129. — [Ed.] 

When Plymouth was a vuzzy down 
Plympton was a borough town. 

R. J. King, in N., I., ii. 511. 

A Plymouth rain is a Dock fair. In the last century Dock,* 
i.e. Devonport, suffered from lack of water. Plymouth 
would not help them, and so they depended on the rainfall 
{Athenaum, 11/8, 1877). 

* So called up to 1824. In the beginning of the i8th century 
it was. a desolate common. 

One o'clock 

all over. Dock, i.e. work ceases. 

It takes three towns to make a metropolis for the West, say 
up-country folk [i.e. Plymouth, Devonport, and Stoke]. — 
Quart. Rev., vol. 178, p. 425. The Three Towns is the 
collective name. 

Salcombe. The Montpellier of the North. — Murr. 

Noted for White Ale. 

Whoever shall find the treasure hidden in Ringmore Down 
shall plough with a golden ploughshare and yoke his oxen 
with golden cross-sticks. — R. J. King, N., I., ii. 513. 

This is 5 m. W. of Kingsbridge. 

South Hams. The district bounded by the rivers Tamar and Teign, 
Dartmouth, and the Channel is called The Garden of 
Devonshire. — Murr. 

South Molton. See Bishop's Nympton. 

SiDBURY peace and good neighbourhood. So characterised some 
years ago by a writer, no lawyer having ever resided 
there. — Polwhele, Cormvall, v. 39. 

See " A curious story of the Tamar and the Torridge," parallel 
with "Annan, Tweed and Clyde," in Westcott's View of 
Devonsh., rep. Exr., 1845, p. 348. 

Tamar, "The English Rhine," Cornhill Mag., Nov., 1887. 



Tamerton. Is there any origin for the absurd reference often made 
to Tamerton Treacle Mines, and another saying also applied 
to the same neighbourhood that the potatoes which are 
grown there can be fried in their own fat ? — Kearley, 
Westn. Antiq., v. 6i. 

Tawstock Court [2 m. S. of Barnstaple], seat of the Wrey family. 
The view from the Terrace includes the most valuable 
manor, the best mansion, the finest church, and the richest 
rectory in the county, — World, 16/ 7, 1884. 

HIL, in his Dicty., has ** Tawstock-grace. Finis. Devon," an 
enigmatical entry. 

Tiverton. He must go to Tiverton and ask Mr. Able. — Haz. 

Let 'en go: he's only a Tavistock man, (Contempt.) 

Globe, 16/6, 1884. 

TopsHAM. Topsham, thou'rt a pretty town, 

I think thee very pretty, 
And when I come to wear a crown 
I '11 make of thee a city. 
Attributed to Monmouth. — Hamilton, Qr. Sess. 

See Lyme, in Dorset. 
ToTNESs horseheads. — N., V., vi. 476. 

Here I sit and here I rest, 

And this town shall be called Totness. — N. , L , ii. 5 1 1 . 

Said to have been pronounced by Brutus on his landing. — 
R. J. King. 

At Torquay all is blue — sky, water, and women. — Land and Water, 
6/3, 1886. 

A Torquay marriage. Two single women keeping house together. 

Thurlestone. Brave every shock 

Like Thurlestone's Rock. 

A perforated arch of conglomerate, near Bolt Tail, in the South 
Hams. — Morris, Devonshire. 

Ugborough [i^ m. S.W. of Kingsbridge Road Station]. 

Ubber lubbers, Harford gads, 

Cornwood robbers and Ivybridge lads. — Wn. Antiq., iii. 98. 
var. : Brent . . . Buckfastleigh. 

WiDDicoME in the cold country, good Lord ! [on Dartmoor]. — 
N., I., ii. 452. 

Widdecombe hills are picking their geese ; 
faster, faster, faster, i.e. it is snowing. 

R. J. K., N., L, ii. 511. 

These hills lie E.S.E. of Kingsbridge, on Start Bay. 

Another correspondent \_N., L, x. 173] suggests that Widdicote 
[the sky] is alluded to, so called in a nursery ballad. 




Dorcetschir will have no wronge, — MS. Harl. 

Dorseteshire wil have no wronge. — MS. Rawl. 

So Dorsetshire of long they "Dorsers" us'd to call. — Drayt. 
Pol., xxiii. 1622. 

Dorsetshire dorsers, i.e. the peds or panniers of fish-jobbers carried 
on the backs of horses, on which haglers use to ride and 
carry their commodities above an hundred miles, from Lyme 
to London. — F. W. And see Diary of Walter Yonge (1604-28), 
ed. Roberts, Camden Soc, Introd., p. xxiii. 

Dorset butter. 

Let the Latin proverb, " Albo gallo," &c., in Dorsetshire, be turned 
into " Albo cervo ne manum admoliaris." — F. W., Dor., 284. 

BiNCOMBE [3^ m. N. of Weymouth]. Cf. Somerset, Stogursey. 

Out of the world into Bincombe. An outlandish village lying 
in a hollow of the hills under a coronal of barrows. 
BiNDON. See Wool- 

Beaminster. " Bimmister zingers," sheep and cattle driven. 
Bridport. Corde de Bredeport. — Douce MS., 98. 

The best if not the most hemp growing there.— F. W. 
Stabbed with a Bridport dagger [i.e. hanged] = a hempen 

halter.— F. W. 
Freewill : 

And what life have they there, [prison] all that great sort ? 
Imagination : 

By God, sir, once a year some taw halts of Burport: 
Yea, at Tyburn there standeth the great frame. 
And some take a fall that maketh their necks lame. 

Hickscorner, H.O.P., i. 158. 
Combe. See Wool. 

Dorchester. As big as a Dorchester butt. — O 'Keeffe. The Poor 
Soldier : " Dear Tom, this brown jug." 
See Weymouth. 
The City of Avenues. 

The devil piss'd piddles about Dorchester. This saying arises 
from the number of small streams running through different 
villages hereabouts, which from that circumstance have 
their names terminating in puddle (pronounced piddle), as 
Piddletown, Toll-piddle, Aff-piddle, &c. These waters are 
very improperly called puddles, being most of them clear 
and running. — G. 

FoRDiNGTON [close to Dorchester]. See Wool. 
Knowlton [3 m. S.W. of Cranborne]. 
Knowlton bell is stole 

and thrown into White Mill Hole. — Murr. 
There is a tradition that it now forms part of the peal at 
Sturniinster Marshall. 



Lewson Hill. As much akin [i.e. no kin at all] 
as Lewson Hill* to Pilson Penf. 

Two eminences of the green sand, much alike, called by 
sailors "The Cow and Calf," The correct names, 
Lewesdon Hill and Pillesden Pen. — Murr. 
* 3 m. W. of Beaminster. 
t In the parish of Broadwinsor [F. W.] where Fuller was Rector. 

Lyme Regis. Lyme, although a little place, [? town] 

I think it wondrous pretty ; 
If 'tis my fate to wear a crown, 
I '11 make of it a city. 
This is traditionally said to have been the exclamation of 
Monmouth, when he visited Lyme. — A Summer Trip to 
Weymouth and Portland. From the Note Books of an Old 
Traveller. Weymouth, 1842. 

See Topsham (Dev.), to which this speech has been assigned. 

PoOLE. If Poole was a fish-pond and the men of Poole fish, 

there 'd be a pool for the Devil and fish for his dish. — G. 

This satirical distich was written a long time ago. Poole is 
at present a respectable place, and has in it several rich 
merchants trading to Newfoundland. — G. 

" When do you fetch the five pounds ? " It is said that a rich 
merchant of Poole left by his will the sum of ^5, to be 
given every year to set up any poor man who had served 
an apprenticeship in that town, on condition that he should 
produce a certificate of his honesty, properly authenticated. 
This bequest has not, it is pretended, been yet claimed, and 
it is a common water-joke to ask the crew of a Poole ship 
whether anyone has yet received that five pounds. — G. 

" Shoot zaftly ; doey now ! " Another gird at the Poolites. 
A privateer of that town having it is said loaded their 
guns, on their return to port wished to draw out the 
shot, but did not know how ; nor could they think of 
any other method than that of firing them off and 
receiving the shot in a kettle. The person employed to 
hold the kettle being somewhat apprehensive, prayed of 
their companion who was to hold the gun to " shoot 
zaftly." Told of other ports also. — G. 

Old Harry and His Wife. — Haz. The pinnacles of chalk 
forming Handfast Point, between Studland and Swanage. 

Portland. The word of a Portland man is a proverb for sincerity 
and faith. — Mackenzie Walcott, South Coast, p. 395. 

They have a peculiar custom called Portland custom, that the 
man never marries till his intended wife is pregnant ; and 
it was hardly ever broken in the memory of man [because 
in that case he would be disgraced and nevermore acknow- 
ledged by his countrymen. — Smeaton, Hist, of Edy stone 
Lighthouse, 1791], but when the woman falsely assure the 
man that she was breeding. — Hutchins, Dorset, 1803, ii. 354. 



PuRBECK. Marbre de Corfe. — Douce M.S., 98, i.e. Corfe Castle. 
The marble of the Isle of Purbeck is still famous. It was 
resorted to, in 1840, to renew the pillars of the Temple 
Church (London) where they had perished from time. 

Shaftsbury. Coverches de Schaftesbury. — Douce M.S., 98, i.e. 
covrechefs or head cloths. The woollen trade still lingers 
The Nunnery of Shaftesbury was so well endowed that it was a 
common proverb to say that " If the Abbess of Shaftesbury 
were to marry the Abbot of Glastonbury, their heir would 
have more land than the King of England." (The rental 
was ;^i,3oo a year at the Suppression.) — A Sumviev Trip 
to Weymouth, 1842, p. 177. See Lyme. Cf. Somerset, 

SwANAGE (Swanwich). See Weymouth. 

Weymouth. Dr. Arbuthnot quitted it, saying that "a doctor could 
neither live nor die there " (from its healthiness) — Walcott, 
p. 395. Murray, ed. 1882, ascribes this to Dorchester, 
which is doubtless right. 

Jeffery and Joan, 

and little dog Denty and Edy alone. 

Four upright columns near The Demon's Quoit, at Portisham, 
6 m. N.W. of Weymouth. — Walcott, p. 395. 

Weymouth was, Bournemouth is, and Swanage will be. An 
adaptation of the prophecy, "Lincoln, was," &c. 

Wool. Wool streams and Combe wells, 

Fordington cuckolds stole Bindon bells. — Murr. 

Villages near Wareham, said to possess the twelve bells of 
Bindon Abbey, now belonging to the Welds of Lulworth. 


[No Durham Prov. in F. W. or R.] 

Durham, the most Northern County in England. — D., 66. i.e. while 
Northumberland was a separate Kingdom extending to 

Durham folks are troubled with after-wit. — Murray, Hdbk., Intr. 

[" An old proverb."] 
Fye, fye for a guide to Durham ! The exclamation of the English 

cavalry at Newcastle on their retreat before the Scotch at the 

battle of Newburn, 1640. — D., 25. 

Out o' Bisho'brigginto Yorkshire, i.e. a change for the worse. — D., 53. 
Tute [i.e. do it] again made the lad leave Yorkshire, and when he 

gat into Bisho'brig he was niver dune. — D. 
F. W. speaking of Westmorland, says " it has Bishopric and 

Yorkshire on the East," p. 135. 

The Bysshoprick used for Durham in 1404. — 

Testavt. Ebov., iii. 25, Surtees Soc. 



Beef to the heels, like a Durham heifer. — D., 38. (Applied to 
women with thick ankles.) 

AiSLABY. When Yarm sinks, and Egglescliffe swims, Aislaby [i m. 
from Yarm] will be a market town. — D., Supp., 6. Yarm lies 
low on the Yorksh. bank of the Tees, Egglescliffe high on the 
Bisho'brig side. There are remains of a market cross there. 
From Axwell Park to Shotley [par. of Ryton] 
a squirrel could leap from tree to tree. — D., 66. 
[i.e. Shotley Bridge, S. side of Derwent, in par. of Lanchester.] 

Bishop's Auckland for the Bishop's Palace and Jock's Row. 

Durham for wealthy priests, old maids, good mustard, simple 

magistrates, and uncorrupt jurors. 
Darlington for quakers, tammy weavers and a bad foundation. — 

D., 28. 
Bishop's Auckland i' Bisho'brigg, God help me ! Beggar's 

answer to enquiry where he comes from, as the haunt of 

wretchedness. — D., 67. 
Little London. A resort of Muggers Tinkers, Faws and 

Gipsies in the town. — D., 77. 
By 'grees and 'grees, as the West Auckland lasses get their 

fortunes. — D., 35. 

Barnard Castle. The last place that God made. — D., 58. 

A coward, a coward of Barney Castle 
dare na come out to fight a battle. — D., 6. 
He refers this to the Rising in the North, 1569, when Sir Geo. 
Bowes, acting on the defensive, shut himself up in Barnard 
Castle. And he further mentions that a feud has always 
existed between the town's folk and the Hee-landers above 
the town. (p. 47.) 

Come ! come ! that 's Barney Castle. An expression often 
uttered when a person is heard making a bad excuse in a 
still worse cause. — D., 58. 

A [Barney Cassel] Briggate-bred-un. A female of a certain 
class born and bred in that Billingsgate portion of the 
town : a foul, filthy, and fetid alley, sometimes dignified 
to Bridge Street. — D., 75. 

Barney Cassel farmers may be known by the holes in their 
sacks, and the women by the holes in their stockings. — 
Walter White. 

A Barney Cassel Wisp. A handful of straw, used by slovens 
to mend their corn sacks. 

Bonny Barney. Popularly so called, but more truly Black or 
Blackguard Barney. — D., 58. Barnard Castle has always 
been the butt of the Bishoprick. It must be confessed 
that personal frays are more scandalously conducted there 
than elsewhere. — Longstaffe, Richnondsh., p. 132. 

Barney Cassel gingerbread. The best in the world. — Brockett. 
See Lartington and Richmond, in Yorksh. 



Benfieldside [near Lanchester] , where the devil stole the key of 
the Quakers' meeting-house. — D., 67. 

Go to BiDDiCK ! i.(?. go the devil. — D,, 22. N. Biddick, near Chest er- 
le-Street, is in the neighbourhood of Worm Hill, the habitat 
of the great dragon serpent or worm of Lambton. 
BiNCHESTER pennies. Roman copper coins found there. — D., 66. 
Black Boy and Billy Row, 
Sunny-side and shiney Row, 
White Smocks and Mally Bow. — D., 21. 

First five near Bp's. Auckland, Durham and Sunderland. The 
last, Mary-le-bow in Durham city. 

The City of Blaydon. A sneer at an improving village, 4 m. W- 
of Newcastle, affixed by the envy of the large town of a 
rival county. — N., IIL, iii. 233. 

A Brusselton cracker. [Near W. Auckland.] Primarily a bad 
coal raised there, lull of pyrites. — D., 65. 


Chester-le-Street has a bonny, bonny church, 

With a broach upon the steeple ; 
But Chester-le-Street is a dirty, dirty town, 

And mair sham' for the people. — D., 53. 

Chester-le-Street, where the folks play at Putt for bairns. — D., 41. 

Picktree and Pelaw and Rickleton on the hill, 
Lambton and Biddick and Johnnie Floater's mill, 
(on the Wear.) 
Four parishes in Ch.-l.-St. — D., Supp., 7. 

CocKFiELD, the last place that God made. — D., 59. 

Cox's Green 's* a bonny place, where water washes clean. 
And Painshaw'sf on a hill, where we have merry been. — D., 53. 
* 5 m. West of Sunderland. t 3 m. N. of Houghton-le-Spring. 

Darlington. Dirty Darnton, or Darnton-in-the-dirt. 

The last sobriquet affixed by Jas. IL travelling to Scotland in 
1579. — Defoe, Tour. 

He takes Darnton trod [N. of Darlington]. Said of one wishing 
to elude pursuit. D., 54, considers that it was a resort of 

Deep as the Hell Kettles. Three pits (supposed to be bottom- 
less) at Oxle Hall [i m. from Darin.]. Harrison, 1577, 
calls them "three little poles, which the people call the 
Kettles of Hell or ye Devil's Kettles, as if he should 
seethe souls of sinful men and women in them." Many 
centuries ago the occupier of fields on this spot was going 
to load his hay on the feast day of St. Barnabas (June 11), 
and being remonstrated with for his impiety, he replied : 
Barnaby yea ! Barnaby nay ! 
A cart-load of hay whether God will or nay. 
[I '11 hae my hay.] When instantly he, his carts and 
horses, were all swallowed up in the pools. — D,, 55. 



Darnton, where the wind once blew a dog's tongue out. — D., 55. 

In Darnton Towne ther is a stane and most strange it is to 
tell that yt turns nine times round about when yt hears the 
clock strike twell [opposite Northgate House. — Longstaffe's 
Davhi., p. 164]. — D., F. L. N. of E., 1850, p. 19. It is 
called Bulmer Stone. 

Darlington 's a bonny town, 
with a broach upon the steeple. 

i.e. a spire on the to-wer. — N., VII., v., 428. 

Brave Durham I behold, that stately seated town. — Drayton, 

Durham, the only finished town in England. — D., 22. 

The City of Durham is famous for seven things : Wood, 
Water, and pleasant Walks, Law and Gospel, Old Maids 
and Mustard. — D., 26. 

As peppery as Durham mustard. — D., 16. 

He is a Durham man; he's Knocker-Kneed, i.e. grinds 
mustard with his knees. — Grose, Diet., VI. Durham 
is famous for its mustard. — G. 
Durham the English Sion on Seven Hills. — Hegge, Legd. of 
St. Cuthhert, 1626. 

The City of Priests. — D., 24. The golden Prebends of 
Durham. — D., 17. 

York has the highest Rack, but Durham has the deepest 
manger (Tobias Matthew). — D., 19. 

Quicquid Rex habet extra, Episcopus habet intra. A 
maxim applicable to the Palatinate up to the reign 
of Hen. VIII.— D., 10. 

Half church of God, half castle, 'gainst the Scot. — Scott, 
Harold the Dauntless, III., ii. 

Solum Dunelmense stola jus dicat et ense. — D., 7. 

or, Dunelmia solo judicat ense et stola. — lb. 

Ye 're like the Bishop's mother, ye 're nivver content, nowther full 
nor fasting. Robert de Insula' s mother. On his being 
made Bishop he gave her Lindisfarne, in his diocese ; but 
the greatness of the position overwhelmed her. — D., 23. 

Too dear for the Bishop of Durham. — D., 16. 

The Dun cow's milk 
makes the prebends' wives go in silk. 
The legend of St. Cuthbert's final resting-place being 
indicated by the milkmaid who was in search of her 
cow. She directed his bearers to Dunholme. 

Durham lads hae gowd and silver, 
Chester lads hae nou't but brass. 
i.e. Chester-le-Street where St. Cuthbert's remains first 
reposed, but wealth flowed into Durham when they 
were permanently settled there, in 995. — [Murray.] 



Runaway Doctor Bokanki. Walter Balcanquall, Dean of 
Durham, who fled at the approach of the Scots. — 
Surtees, i. 96. 

The Devil's Dean. Whittingham (a Calvinist), d. 1579. — D.,76. 
Short rede is good rede, slea ye the Bishop {i.e. Walcher, slain 
in 1080 by the mob at Gateshead). — D., 5. 

Ah Dunelmia ! nimium vicina Scotia. Bp. Morton's hospitality 
was severely taxed by Jas. L on his journeys to Scotl'' 
— D., Sup., 5. 

A Dunelm of Crab. A toothsome dish, — D., 23. 

A Butterby church-goer. One who attends no church, who, if 
asked What church have you attended ? would answer, 
"I have been attending service at Butterby" — Hone. 
Ev. D. Bk. It is a pleasant Sunday walk from the city and 
there is an old manor house (Beautrood) there. 

EvENWooD. Evenwood, 

Where never straight tree stood. 

Bishopric Garland, p. 73. 

A village 5 m. W.S.W. of Bp. Auckland, standing high above 
the river Gaunless and much exposed to S.W. gales. 

FiNCHALE. The Prior of Finchale has got a fair wife, 

and every old monk will soon have the like. — D., 29. 

The first-fruits of the Reformation. 

Ferryhill. Round about Ferryhill, Hey for Hett 

there 's many a bonny lass, but few to get. 

[Two villages at no great distance from Durham.]. — D., 68. 

Gainford, where the parson married a Pigg, christened a Lamb, 
and buried a Hogg. — D., 75. 

All the world and part of Gateside. (Gateshead). — D., 56. 

Gateshead, a long dirty lane leading into Newcastle. Said to be 
Mr. Fox's answer in H. of C. to a Southerner who asked: 
Gateshead ! Gateshead ! where is Gateshead? — D., 56. 

A Gatesider. A low vulgar fellow. — D., Sup., 3. 

Let's have no Gateshead(unfair play at cards). — AT., HI., iii. 232. 

GiLLiNG. When Gilling brews [near Richmond] 

Durham rues. — Longstaffe, Richmondsh., p. 120. 


Hamsterly* hunger-town stands on a hill, 
Witton-le-Wear f lies in a gill (or stands on a sill, 

metalliferous ground). 
Wolsingham's I full of pride and that at's donnat, 

[of the devil] 
Frosterly's§ poor, but has a good stomach {i.e. pluck). 

D., Sup., 6. 

*6 m. W. of Bp. Auckland. J 12 m. W.S.W. of Durham. 

t4 m. W.N.W. of Bp. Auckland. §3 m. W. of Wolsingham. 



Hang-bank, Legs-Cross and Bildershaw 
make many a horse to puff and blaw. 

[Three long and lofty hills : first in Ykshr. near Melsonby, the 
others between Piersebridge and W. Auckland.] — D., 67. 

Hartlepool, where the man was smoored to death, sinking for a 
draw-well in his father's backside. — D., 64. 
Like the Mayor of Hartlepool, you cannot do that [i.e. work im- 
possibilities. — R., 1813], as he himself owned, "being but 
a man." — D., 31. 
See Seaton and Stockton. 

Headlam Hens lay twice a day [par. Gainford], i.e. " You 're 
lying."-D., 64. 

A walk to Hendon Gardens=:a trip to Gretna Green. — D., 69. 

Hungry Heaton, i.e. Hutton Henry near Monk Hesleton. — D., 65. 

The water of Hezzle Well 
will make tea by itsel. 

[A wayside spring W. of Stainton, near Barnard Castle.] 

D., Sup.f 7. 
Jarrow. Bump against Jarrow, to run foul. — D., 64. 
The laddie ran sweaten, ran sweaten, 

The laddie ran sweaten about. 
Till the Keel went bump against Jarrow, 

And three o' the buUies lap out. — Song, The Pee Dee. 

It is never dark in Jarrow Church. — D., 64. 
Jollybody and Spittlehope side all of a raw, 
and then Bonny Stanhope, the best o' them a'. — D., 5m/., 5. 

Kelloe [6 m. S.E. of Durham]. 

Here lies John Lively, vicar of Kelloe, 
had seven daughters and never a fellow. 

HIL, Pop. Ry., 202. D., 33. 

Lartington. Lartington for frogs, 

and Barney Cassel for butchers' dogs. 

ov Lartington frogs, 

Barney Castle, butchers' dogs. — D., 57. 
Lartington in N.R. of Yorksh., 2 m. W.S. W. of Barnard Castle. 

Mainsforth. Seat of the Surtees family, 7 m. E. of Bp. Auckland, 
on a dry gravel soil. 

Rain in April, rain in May, 

or, Mainsforth, farewell [to] corn and hay ! 

BisJwpvic Garland, p. 73. 

Bishop Middleham, where might rules right. — D., 68. 

OviNGTON Edge. 

Ovington Edge* and Cockfield Fellf 
are the coldest spots twixt heaven and hell. — D., 62. 
* Near Greta Bridge. t Near Staindrop. 



Seaton. Seaton Sluice and Hartlepool Mill, 

the one goes round, the other stands still. — D., Supp., 7. 

[Seaton Delaval.] 

Sedgefield [ii m. S.S.E. of Durham], 

When Roseberry Topping wears a hat, 
Morden-Carrs will suffer for that. 

[A large level of many hundred acres, frequently overflowed 
in winter]. — D., 63. 

I 've been as far South as Sedgefield, where they call strea, 
straw. — Bk. Garland, p. 74. 

A Sedgefield chap. The Knave of Clubs. — D., 61. 

To go at a thing like a Sedgefield hunt. — D., 61. 

The MontpeUier of the North. So called from its healthiness 

by Dr. Askew. — D., 61. 
See Trimdon. 

Shields. Go to Shields 

and fish for eels 

[or, and shave ducks]. — D., 22, 61. 
A Newcastle taunt. 

Shields Geordies. — D., 44. A sailors' nickname for their 
brethren of this port. 

We'll a' gan together, like the folks o' Shields. — D., 33, 
refers this to a boat called a Comfortable, in which pleasure 
parties came up the river. 

The folks o' Shields (S.) are often the butt of the Newcastle 
wits. If you ask an inhabitant of Shields to name the 
four quarters of the world, he will reply, " Rooshia, 
Prooshia, Manch, and Shields." Such being the countries 
and ports which are all the world to him in a pecuniary 
point of view. — N. III., iii. 232. 

He's like a Stanhope [5 m. W.N.W. of Wolsingham] pan — 
black both inside and outside. A Scotish border saying. 
— D., 76. 

A Stanhope Wolf. — D., Supp., 3. 


He has found a pot of gold in the Castle garth. Said of any 
one grown suddenly rich ; there being a tradition of buried 
treasure. — D., Sup., 4. 
The mayor of Stockton town, and the mayor of Hartlepule, 
the first 's a silly young fellow, the second 's an awde fule. 

D., 40. 
Sunderland sowies=women. — D., 41. 

A Sunderland fitter. A name for the Knave of Clubs. 

D., F. of N. of E., p. 14, 1852. 

Sunderland ^Jammies. A nickname for the sailors of the 
port.— D., 45. 

A Sunderland ball (at cricket). An inartistic one. — D., 66. 



Tan FIELD fools and Anfieldlubberts, [All near source of river Derwent] 
hungry Iceton with its empty cupboards. — D., 42. 

Teesdale folk are all kin to one another. (From inter-marriage.) — 

May the Tees prove a teazer to the Tyne and the Thames — 
D., 62. 

Tees has made hisself a good bed long ago, and he wad be 
loathe to leave it. From the depth of the bed of the 
river floods are unusual. — Murr. 

ToFT-HiLL. — The last place that God made. — D., 59. 
[between Evenswood and Wolsingham.J 

A Toft-hiller. One rough and uncouth. — D., 39. 
They're like Toft-hill stockings — they'll fit owther lad or 
man. — D., Stcpp., 6. 

Trimdon Trough- Legs "^^^ stands on a hill, 
poor silly Fishburn stands stock still : 
Butterwick walls are like to fall, 
but Sedgefield is the flower o' them all. — D., 69. 
* 3^ m. N.E. of Sedgfield, in which parish are the other two. 
I gave her [or him] Washington. — D., 67. (Unexplained.) 

Up wi' leede [lead] and down wi' breede [bread] 
is what we drink at Wardale heede [Weardale head]. 
A population of lead miners. D., 65. 

Weardale. Weardale weaker and wiser, 

Harwood bigger and fonder [i.e. foolisher] . 

D., Supp., 4. 
A comparison of the bodily and intellectual strength of the 
two places. Harwood is near the head of the Tees 
and is separated from Weardale by a narrow mountain 
range. — D., Supp. 

Weardale gowks. — D., 4. 
A Weardale Wolf.— D., 4. 

An otter in the Wear 

you may find but once a year, 

but an otter in the Tees 

you may find at your ease. — D., 62. 

Thir W^eardale men, they have good hearts, 

They are as stiff" as any tree, 
For if they 'd every man been slain, 

Never a foot back man would flee. 

" Ballad of the Rookhope Ryde," Bk, Card., p. 27. 

Whorlton. Whorlton snobs [par. Gainford] 

are all called Bobs. — D., 44. 

Willington shags. — D., 42. 

He 's a WiNTLATER, i.e. a bad 'un, — D., 45. 




There never was an Allan a Parson — D,, 43 Spoken of the family 
of Allan of Blackwell, Co. Durham, and of Barton, Yorksh. — 
Haz. 251. 

Johnny tii th' Bellas daft was thy poll 

when thou chang'd Bellas for Hen Knoll. — Bpk. Gavld. 

Other versions : 

Belasize, Bellasis, daft was thy [nowle, Collins] [sowel, Hutchinson] 
when thou gave Ballasis for Hen Knowle. 

In one of the windows of St. Andrew's O", Auckland, a belt encircles 
the arms of Bellasis with this motto. — See Varia., D., 4. 

In 1380 John de Bellasis made this unfavourable exchange with 
the Chief of Durham in order to detach himself from family 
ties and go to the Crusades. — D., 4. 

" Better luck still," quoth Rowley Burdon. An extremely popular 
Toast and saying through nearly the whole of the N. of 
Engd. — D., 43 (?) of Castle Eden. 

The Collingwoods have borne the name 
since in the Bush the Buck was ta'en ; 
but when the Bush shall hold the Buck 
then farewell faith and farewell luck. — D., 8. 


The family crest is a stag at full gaze. Origy. of 
Eslington, North ^\ now of Palden, Eppleton, and 
Hetton on the hill, Co. Durham. 

Sockburne'^ where Conyers so trusty 

A huge serpent did dish up 

That had alse eat the Bish up 
But now his old falchion's grown rusty, grown rusty. — Bpk, Gavld. 

* 7 m. from Darlington. 

The Apostle of the North. — Bernard Gilpin. Of whom it was 
said : " If a horse was turned loose in any part of the 
country it would immediately make its way to the Rector 
of Houghton's." — D., 33. 

Like Shankey Hall, he taks ne hints. Referred to a recent Bellman 
of the city, who bore this nickname. — D., 43. 

Never trust a Little. (A family of Border rievers ?) — D., 39. 

He 's fit to keep company with the Lambtons. Said of a dashing, 
flashing, styUsh fellow. — D., 78. 

I'o kill all, like Andrew Mills. (A sportsman who spared nothing.) 
— D., 43. 

Neville. I'll Neville you! (An unexplained threat.)— D., 8. 
Cf. Washington. 

God save the Bull of Westmoreland, i.e. the house of Nevill of 
._ Durham (whose heraldic bearing is a Bull), 1567. 




A posy. Kempe's Losely Mss., p. 213, Lottery of 1567. 

Cicely of Raby 

never so good a lady. — D., 47. 

[Youngest and 21st child of Ralph Neville, E. of Westd. She 
was married to Richd. D. of York. — Died 1495 in reign of 
H. VII., who married her grand-daughter. 

Lost in a wood like Geordie Potter [of Sadberge] , i.e. a pedlar who 
when in the stocks thus spoke of his detention. — D., 49. 

Sir Harry, oh, Sir Harry Vane ! The Lord deliver me from Sir 
Harry Vane! — Spoken by Cromwell when dissolving the 
Long Parliament through his opposition. He was beheaded 
1662. He it was who called Raby Castle " a hurrock of 
Stones " when bargaining for it with the Crown, though the 
price came to ;^io,ooo. — D., 77. See also Ludlow's Memoirs. 


The beggarly Baliols. 

The base Bellasis. 

The bloody Brackenburys. 

See N.D. 7. 
The bold Bertrams. 
The bauld Blakestones. 
The brave Bowes. 
The bare-boned Bulmers. 
The bacchanalian Burdons. 
The clacking Claxtons. 
The confident Conyers. 
The crafty Craddocks. 
The cozening Croziers. 
The eventful Evers. 
The friendly Forsters. 
The filthy Foulthorpes. 
The generous Garths. 
The handsome Hansards. 

The hoary Hyltons. 
The jealous Jennisons. 
The lamb-like Lambtons. 

See N.D. 78. 
The light Lilburnes. 
The lofty Lumleys. 
The mad Maddisons. 
The manly Mairs. 
The noble Nevilles. 
The politic Pollards. 
The placid Places. 
The ruthless Ruths. 
The salvable Salvins. 
The shrewd Shadforths. 
The sure Surtees's. 
The testy Talboys. 
The wily Wilkinsons. 
The wrathful Wrens. 


Esex ful of good hoswyfes. — Rawlinson MS. Leland by Hearne, 

V. Int. [i. 269. 

Essex good huswives. — MS. Harl, 7371. Wright & Hll., Rel. Ant., 

Lanes. A mouse could hardly pass a carriage in the narrow 

lanes in the 17th Cy. 
Miles. Long as compared to Middlesex, but not as to N. of 
Engd. miles. — F. W. Nail, suggests that the flatness of the 
country makes them appear so. 

Cheese (thin, hard and poor). 

I never saw Banbery cheese thick enough. 
But I have oft seen Essex cheese quick enough. 

He., £p., V 24. 

VOL. I. 





Calves —F. W. 

As Essex hath of old been named " Calves and stiles." 

Drayt. Pol. 

Essex calves the proverb praiseth, and some are of the mind 
that Waltome calf was also that countryman. — Buttes, 
Dyet's Dry Dinner, i. 1599. 

Foes must be friends quoth an Essex calf. — G. Harvey, Letter 
Book, 135. 1573. 

Essex calves, Kentish long-tails, Yorkshire tykes, Norfolk 
bumkins. — Ho. 

As valiant as an Essex Hon, i.e. a calf. — F. W. 

Essex calves, called lions. — Taylor, Wit &> Mirth, 79. 

The Essex calf. — Taylor, Jack a Lent. 

She read the fool in my face, the Essex calf. — Killigrew, Thomaso, 

I., V. II. 

W. An Essex man, sir : your servant. 
D. The better flesh, I warrant. 

Tatham, The Scots Figaries, iii., 1652. 

A creature bounceth from a bush, which made them all to laugh ; 

"My lord!" hecried,"ahare, a hare! "but it proved an Essex calf. 

D'Urfey's Pills to purge MeP- The Lord Mayor's Field-day. 

If a man beats a bush in Essex, out jumps a calf. — Haz. 

Veal. — Poor Rcbin, 1687. 

Essex stiles. — F. W. An Essex stile. A ditch. — G. 

Kentish miles 

Norfolk wiles 

many men beguiles. — CI. T. Brown, i. 212, iv. 198. 

Yellow bellies. People born in the fens. — R., 1813. 

Tadpoles. The children of the district between Tilbury and Leigh. 
— White, E.E., ii. 230. 

The three Hundreds, i.e. Barstaple, Rochford and Denge, lying 
between the Colne and the Crouch, a continuous level of 
unhealthy marshes. — Toitr thro' Gt. Britain, i. 7, 1761. 

Autumn will introduce with it abundance of distempers and the 
. inhabitants of the Hundreds of Essex will look as white 
as their nightcaps. — The World Beimtched, p. 30, 1699. 
The English Goshen. — Norden [Descr. of E.,p. 7, repr. Camd. Soc] 
in 1594, gives this name to the fat fertile lands of Essex, and 
he specifies the following as notably so : — 
Baron -park* is fruitful and fat [Marney] 

How-field is better than that [in Layre Marney Park, Lord 
Copt Hall [2 m. W. of Epping nr. Ambresbury Camp] 
is best of all, 

Yet Hubbledown [Sir T. Heneage] 
may wear the crown [parcel of Peldo Hall] 

* Barne Hall, nr. Salcott, Lord Morley's. See a legend relating to it— 
Antiquary, iv. 279. 

1 , 2 & 4 are S. of Colchester and near the Colne — Norden, Ess., p. 8. 



Booking [i m. N. of Braintree]. See Braintree. 

Braintree for the pure, Bocking* for the poor, 
Cogshallf for the jeering town, and KelvedonI for thewhore.—R., 1670. 
*i m. N.E. of Braintree. t6m. E. of Braintree J 12 m. S.W. of Colchester. 
Braintree boys, brave boys ; Booking boys, rats ; 
Church Street* puppy dogs. High Garrett f cats.— R. 1813. 
* Edmonton. t 2 m. N.E. of Braintree (scene of Foote's farce). 

Chelmsford. Trespas de Chehnereford. — Douce MS. 98, xiii. Cy., 
i.e. the toll taken on crossing the river Chelmer. 
Cf. Trespas de Loire. — Cotgr. 

He has gone to Jericho. According to some — to a manor and 
palace of that name nr. Chelmsford, once belonging to 
Henry VHL— Haz. 

Chignall St. James [3 m. N.W. of Chelmsford] 

There is a good ale 
at Saint Jameses Chignele. 
(A posy). Lottery of 1567. Kempe's Losely MS., p. 212. 

CoGGESHALL (Great) [3 m. N.E. of Chelmsford]. See Braintree. 
Jeering Coggeshall. F. W. says they were Martyrs, and no 

A Coggeshall job. — Haz. 
Fairs, Jan. i. At Coggeshall in Essex for jeers. — P. Robin, 1674. 

Some of the jeers at Coggeshall are their having a regiment of 
volunteers [trainbands] wherein all were officers — lighting 
fires under plum-trees to hasten the ripening of the fruit, 
and putting hurdles across a meadow to stay the spreading 
of a flood. — E. Walford in N., VL, vi. 365. An earlier note 
says : Placing hurdles in the stream to turn the river, and 
chaining up the wheelbarrow when the mad dog bit it. — 
N., L, iii. 285. 

Colchester Oysters. — Ho. 

Weaver's Beef of Colchester, i.e. Sprats. F.W., who says that 
" the poor weavers (numerous in this city) make much of 
their repast ; cutting rands [rande of befe, giste de beuf — 
Palsgr.], rumps, sirloins, chines, and all joints of beef out of 
them as [he goes on — R.] lasting in season well-nigh a 
quarter of a year. — F.W. Diary of Rev. Jno. Ward, 112. 

Bell. 'Sfoot ye all talk 

Like a company of sprat-fed mechanics. 

B. & F., Faithf. Friend, i. 

Russet de Colcestre. — Douce MS., 13th Cy. i.e. dingy brown 

DovERCouRT [13 m. W. of Harwich]. All speakers and no hearers. 
—F.W. See Kent. 

This proverb has been assigned to Essex, but on no sufficient 
grounds : the local historians do not mention it. 



DuNMow. He may fetch a flitch of bacon from Dunmow. — F. W. 

Dunmow bacon. — Ho. 

Who fetcheth a wife from Dunmow 
Carrieth home two sides of a sow. — Ho. 

He who repents him not of his marriage, sleepin' or wakin', in 
a year and a day may lawfully go to Dunmow and fetch a 
gammon of bacon. — Antiq. Reposy., iii. 342, 1807. 

Strife. And fain myself sick : there is no such trick 
To dolt with a daw and keep him in awe. 
I will teach him to know the way to Dunmoe, 
So shall I be sure to keep him in ure 
To serve like a knave and live like a slave. 
[Apocryphal]. Tom Tyler and his Wife, 1598, printed 1661, p. 4. 

El tocino de Parayso para al casado que no arrepise. — Ho. 

You may now go for bacon to Dunmoe. — lb., p. 211. 

In the Chartulary of Dunmow Priory in the Brit. Mus. instances 
of the receipt of the Bacon in 1445 & 1467 are recorded. — 
See the form of oath, Morant, Hist, of Essex, ii. 429. 

There or thereabouts, as parson Smith says [Dunmow]. 

To be up at Harwich [hariage = trouble : Fr. harier] . — N., HI., 
ix. 325. 

Ingatestone [6 m. S.W. of Chelmsford]. They have a Charter 
for a Fair at Salem, but it begins like Ingerstone Market, 
half an hour after eleven and ends half an hour before 
twelve. — Ned Ward, Trip to New England: Wks.,u. 180. 

Kelvedon [3 m. N.E. of Witham]. See Braintree. 

London over the Border. A name given to the district E. of 
Bow Creek beyond the E. India Docks consisting of 
Canning Town, &c. — White, E. Eng., ii. 320. 

The Rodings. A cluster of eight little agricultural parishes, so 
called from the name of the little sedgy river near which 
they stand. — IV., VI., ix. 246. 

This part of Essex, wooded and rich in pasture, is very remote 
from urban or scholastic influence. In the language of the 
inhabitants of the Rodings, the world or at least the isle of 
Britain is divided into three parts, looked on most likely as 
three concentric circles. The hallowed centre the bull's 
eye, the ^/a^ oju(pn\ov, the inner Ecbatana is " the Rudings " : 
round about them in the middle circle lie " the Hundreds " 
— the rest of Essex ; further still on the outer circle lie 
"the Shires" — the rest of Britain. As for the rest of 
Europe and of the world, they are doubtless looked upon as 
utterly barbarous so as to deserve no place at all in the 
geography of the favoured Rudingas. — E. A. F[reeman], 



Romford. There is a proverb to thy comfort 

Known as " the ready way to Romford." 

Mtisarum Delicice, 1651, p. 31, ed. 1874 

Go to Romford to have your backside new-bottomed. — G. 

To ride to Rumford. To have a new pair of leather-breeches — 
a famous manufacture there. — G. 

(The play of course is on the first syllable). 

RoYDON. The colliers of Croydon, 

the rustics of Roydon [6 m. N.W. of Epping] 
and the fishers of Kent. See Surrey. 

Saffron Walden : God help me! — N., L, iii. 167. A beggar's 
answer when asked (in Suffolk) where he comes from, as 
the raison d'etre of his poverty and a sneer at the neighbour 
Haz. (p. 327) has given a wrong explanation. 

Norden {Descy'n. of Essex, 1594, Camd. Soc.) speaks of the 
expense, uncertainty and occasional profitableness of a crop 
of saff"ron, so that it may be referred to this. 

Takeley Street. [Between Dunmow and Bishop Stortford], All 
on one side like Takeley Street. The cottages are all on 
one side of the road, the squire's park on the other. — iV., 
VL, ii. 307. 

Tilbury [opposite Gravesend]. Passage [i.e. ferry] de Tillesbury. — 
Douce, MS. 98, 13th Cy. 

Ugley* church, ugly steeple, 

ugly parson, ugly people. — yV"., L, v. 375. 

* 5 m. N.N.E. of Bishop Stortford. 

Waltham. Praerie de Waltham. — MS. 98, 13th Cy. 

As wise as Walton's calf — [he] is fain to return home more fool 
than he came for spending of horsemeat. — Arth. Hall, 
Admonition toF.A., 1576, rep. 1815, p. 166. 

Savio come il vitallo del Gonella, ch'and i nove miglie 

per tetlar un toro bianco. — Ho., G., 1591. 

Some running and gadding calves wiser than Waltham's calf 

that ran nine miles to suck a bull. — Disclosing of the Great 

Bull, 1567. Harl. Misc., vii. 535. 

Essex calves the proverb praiseth, and some are of the mind 

that Waltome calf was also that countryman. — Buttes, 

D.D. Din. !'■■' 1599. 

See further my note in N., V., x., and Haz., p. 446. 
As wise as Waltham's calf who went nine miles to suck a bull 

and came back more thirsty than when he went. — Ho. 


The wanton Lea that oft doth lose its way. — Spenser. 

The gulfy Lea. — Pope. 

The fatal Lea (from the deaths by drowning). 




See Drink, G. cider. 

Glowceterschir, schow and naile. — Harl. MS. 

Gloucetershire, sho and riayle. — Rawl MS. 

And Gloucestershire again is blazon'd "Weigh thy wool." — Drayt. 
Pol. See Dursley. 

Gloucestershire kindness. Giving away what you don't yourself 
want. — Northall, F. Phv. of Four Counties. 

Gloucestershire moonrakers. — Globe, 16/6, '84. Probably a mistake 
for Wilts. 

In Gloucestershire everything always is " he," 
except a cock turkey and he is a she. — A'^., V., vi. 
Others admit a tomcat. 

The bag puddings (the poke or bolster roll) of Gloucestershire. — 
Taylor (W. P.), The Great Eater. 

As sure as God's in Gloucestershire. — F. W., i.e. the relic of 
Christ's blood preserved at Hailes Abbey, 2 m. N.E. of 
Winchcomb. F. says it has been assigned to the fertility 
and the many Abbeys, but protests against its use. 

The blood of ducks keepeth a goodly colour longtime, the 
Idolaters did practise therewith, deceiving the people of 
Hailes with a blood which they called holy. — Bullein, 
Biilwavke of Defence, 1562. 

The old prov. As sure as God's at Gloucester certainly alluded 
to the vast number of churches and religious foundations 
here.— Defoe, Tour, ii. 322. There is an article on this 
subject by Jas. Hooper in Gentleman's Mag., April, 1896. 

In the body of this hundred [of Berkeley] are observed three stepps 
or degrees, obvious to every observer : the first from the 
chanels of Severn half way towards the hills, which hath 
wealth without health, the second from thence towards the 
tops of those hills which hath wealth and health, and the 
third step or degree, from thenceforward called the Weald or 
Cotsall part, affbrdeth health in that sharp air, but less 
wealth, and seems to take name of the barren woody parts, 
into the best whereof the merciful goodness of Almighty God 
hath cast my lot beyond my hopes or desires. — John Smyth, 
Berkeley MSS., 1639, iii. 10. Of. Nibley. 

Blesed is the eye 

that is betwixt Severn and Wye. — F. W. 

Out of fighting troubles. This would seem to embrace the 
Forest of Dean, but it may have had a wider scope. See 
Powis, in Wales, and Herefordsh. Ho.'s reading — 
Happy is the eye 
that dwelleth 'twixt Severn and the Wye — 

has led to the vulgar supposition that the prospect is 
spoken of. 


LOCAL PROVERBS. Gloucester. 

In Shropshire they add — 

But thrice happy he 
between Severn and Clee. 

Eye in the original of course means islet of land, which does 
not agree very well with the grammar of the Salopian 

The Tracys 

have always the wind in their faces. — F. W. 

Sir Wm. Tracy was one of the most active against Thomas 

A' Beckett. 
Cf. The Tracys be a fierce people and redy to a fray or a rysynge. 
Thraces sunt hominum genus ferox et rebelle. — Herman, Vid- 

garia, 115. 

A lofty Thrasonicall huff-snuff. — Stanihurst, Of a Craking Cutler. 

Aston See Buckland. 

Badsey [2 m. S.E. of Evesham]. See Buckland. 


He thinks himself as great as my Lord Berkeley. — The 
Berkeley MSS., by John Smyth, of Nibley, ed. Sir John 
Maclean for Bristol Archaeologl. Soc. 

BiSLEY [3 m. E. of Stroud]. 

Beggarly Bisley, strutting Stroud, 

Hampton poor, and Painswick proud. — N., I., v. 449. 

Mincing Hampton and Tetbury proud. — N., VIII., iii. 252. 
Buckland [6 m. N.E. of Winchcomb]. 

Buckland and Laverton, 
Stanway and Staun [Staunton], 
Child's Wickham, Wickenford, 
Badsey'*^ and Awn, — Hll. 
* Worcestershire. 

[Aston Somerville and Aston-sub-Edge are 4 or 5 m. S. of 


Here lie I and my three daughters, 

Killed by drinking the Cheltenham waters ; 

If we had stuck to Epsom salts 

We shouldn't be lying in these here vaults. 

Child's Wickham [4 m. S.E. of Evesham]. See Buckland. 

Cirencester. Gueseylur de Cicestre. — Douce MS. 98, 

(guiseleur, mummer.) Guise is still the name of one of the 
leading county families. 

CoTSWoLD [a range of hills running from N.E. to S.W. through 
As fierce as a lion of Cotswold. — He., D., i. 11. An unshorn 
sheep. — Udall, R.R.D. A breed carrying a very heavy 



It is as long in coming as Cotswold barley. — F. W. The 
harvest in the higher lands is usually late. 

DuRSLEY. You are a man of Duresley= Fides Graeca or Punica. — 
F. W. i.e. one who keeps not his word. Promises much 
and performs nothing. - Smyth, Berkeley MSS. 

Murray refers this to the sharping qualities of the clothier here- 
abouts : one who dares lie. Cf. Drayton, ut sup. 

Drunken Dursley. — J. H. Blunt, Dursley and its Neighbourhood , 
p. 15, 1877. 

Dursley baboons, 

who yet their pap without any spoons. — Blunt, nt sup. 

Gloucester. The bright City. — N., IV., ix. 137. More properly 
Fort (Caer). 

Fer (foire) de Gloucestre. — Douce MS. 98. The Barton fair 
(vSep. 28) is still famous — for cheese. 

Hampton [nr. Minchinhampton). See Bisley. 

HoRTON-TowN. See Wotton. 

KiNGSwooD [a suburb of Bristol]. 

A Kingswood lion — an ass. An animal much employed by the 
retail vendors of coal to carry it into Bristol. — G. 

Laverton [5 m. N.E. of Winchcomb]. See Buckland. 

Maisemore [2 m. N.W, of Gloucester]. 

All together, like the men of Maisemore, and they went one at a 
time.— N., F. P. 

Minchinhampton [12 m. S.S.E. of Gloucester]. See Bisley. 

Painswick. See Bisley. 

If pride springs from poverty, the epithet to Painswick may have 
been well chosen, as it has been said that the inhabitants 
of that village are in an unhappy predicament, being so 
poor that they cannot live, while the air of their home is so 
healthy that they cannot die. — F. A. H., N., VIII. , iii. 132. 

Pamington [2 m. E. of Tewkesbury]. 

His hat 's turn'd up behind like a Pammington mon's. — Jesse 
Salisbury, Gloss, of S.E. Wovcestevsh. Words and Phrases, p. 77. 

Severn. If it raineth when it doth flow 

then yoke your ox and go to plough ; 
but if it raineth when it doth ebb 
then unyoke your ox and go to bed. 

Aubrey, N. H. of Wilts, p. 16. 

Simond's Hall (Symondshall). [A farm in the par. of Wotton, 
hundred of Berkeley.] [2 m. N.E. of Wotton-under-Edge]. 

Symondshall sauce. Keen, appetising air from its high 


LOCAL PROVERBS. Gloucester. 

The clothiers, horse-carriers and wainmen of our old hundred 
who weekly frequent London, knowing by ancient custome 
that the first question (after " Welcome home from 
London ") is " What news at London ? " doe usually gull 
us with feigned inventions devised by them upon these 
downes : which wee either then suspecting upon the report 
or after finding false, wee cry out " Simondsall newes." A 
general speech betweene each cobler's teeth. — The Berkeley 
MSS., by John Smyth, of Nibley. 
Slimbridge. As for pasturage, I have heard it reported from 
credible persons that such the fruitfulness of the land nigh 
Slimbridge that in spring-time, let it be bit bare to the 
roots, a wand laid along therein overnight, will be covered 
with new-grown grass by the next morning. — F. W., 
p. 349. Cf. Derbysb., Dovedale. 

Stanton [4 m. N.E. of Winchcomb]. \ r. p> 1^1 j 
Stanway [13 m. N.E, of Winchcomb]./ 

Stow-on-the-Wold [N.E. Glo.] See Bucks, Brill on the Hill. 
Where the wind blows cold. — N., I., v. 375. 

A squirrel can hop from Swell* to Stow 
without resting his foot or wetting his toe. — Murr. 
* Swell is one mile W. of Stow. 

Stroud. See Bisley. 

Tetbury portion. A c • • t and a clap. — G. Diet. See Bisley. 

Tewkesbury. As thick as Tewkesbury mustard. — Sh., 2 H. IV., 

ii. 4. Nash, Have, etc., D. 4 F. W. 

He looks as if he had lived on Tewkesbury mustard. — F. W. i.e. 

sad, snappish, severe. — P. Robin, 1687. Of a sad, sad, severe, 

and tetrick countenance, or snappish, captious, and prone to 

take exceptions. F. W. quotes Plautus, in Tniculento, such 

will crispare nasum in derision of what they slight or neglect. 

My Httle Tewkesbury mustard. — Rob. Chamberlain, The 

Swaggering Damsel, ii., 161 6. 
Tewkesbury mustard balls. — Gentn. Instructed, p. 383. De Foe, 

Tour, ii. 328. 
The park of Tewkesbury, spoken of in Lady Bessy (Percy Soc, 

P- 15)- 
Wanswell [par. of Berkeley]. 

All the maids in Wanswell 

May dance in an egg shell. — Smyth, Berk. MSS. 

When Westridge Wood [par. of Berkeley, on the top of Beckets- 
burne] is motley, then it's good to sow barley. — Smyth, 
Descr. of Himd. of Berkeley. 
Neighbour, we 're sure of fair weather ; each (ich) ha' beheld 
this morn Abergaine (Abergavenny) hill [seen from the 
hilly part of Berkeley hundred]. — Sm3'th, Berk. MSS. 

When Wotton hill doth wear a cap 

let Horton town beware of that. — Smyth, Berk. MSS. 



Bristowschir schip and saile. — MS. Harl. 

Brystowe shippe and sayle. — MS, Rawl. 

Ship-shape and Bristol fashion. 

When we set out on the jolly voyage of life what a brave fleet 
there is around us, as, stretching our fair canvas to the 
breeze, all ship- shape and Bristol fashion, pennons flying, 
music playing, &c. — Scott, Chvon. of Canon : Introd., vi. 1829. 

Haec sunt Brystollys, bladelys, dozelys quoque bollys, 
Burges, negones, Karinae, clocheriaque, chevones. 
Webbys cum rotis, haec sunt staura cuntotis. 

MS. Trin. Coll., Cam., 15th Cy., O 9/38; R.A., ii. 178. 

Her kyrtell Bristowe red. — Skelton, Elynoure Runiming, 70. 

London hath scarlet, and Bristowe pleasant red. — Barclay, Eel., iv. 

At Brystow is the best water to dye red. — Horman, Vulgaria, vii. 

1530; 106, 1519. Cf. Will of Roland Stavely, 1551. 

Wearing an old threadbare Bristowe frieze gown, girded to his body 
with a penny leather girdle, at the which hanged by a long 
string of leather his Testament and his spectacles, without 
case, depending about his neck upon his breast. (Bp. 
Latimer's appearance when about to be martyred, Sep. 30, 
1565). — Ser. &• Rem., Parker Soc. Fox, Acts &> Man. 

Bristol Diamonds. Particles of the quartz in the mountain lime- 
stone rocks bordering the Avon below Clifton. 

You shall never find him [Brocage] without a counterfeit chain 
about him, Bristow diamonds set in gold instead of right, 
and these puts he away at what rate he list to men that are 
in extremity. — T, Lodge, Wifs Miseries, p. 33, 1596. 

To the unskilful owner's eyes alike 
The Bristow sparkles as the diamond, 
But by a lapidary the truth is found. 

Field, Amends for Ladies, i. 1618. 

This is a fit companion, Cosmus, wear 
This Bristol diamond in thy copper ear. 

Rob. Heath, Sat., iii. 1650. 

Hairs curl'd, ears pearl'd, with Bristows brave and bryte 
Bought for true diamonds in his false sight. 

F. Lenton, Voting GenP'''^- Whirligig, 1629. 

Uncut or unset diamonds, shuffled among other stones that are 
polished, are not heeded by a common eye : Byrrals and 
Bristow stones especially. Rubies and Sapphires are incom- 
parably preferred before them. But the Lapidary culls out 
the other, and having artificially handled them, holds the 
least diamond at a greater price than they can have for all 
the rest. — F. Adams, Med^^- on Creed, 1629, p. 1229. 



For whether we arrive at London or Brystowe, 
Or any other haven within this our londe, 
We folys ynowe shall fynde alway at honde. 

Barclay, Ship of Fools, ii. 309. 

Jests, verses, tales, puns, satires, quibbles too, 
And certain Bristol words that like wit show. 

Alex. Brome, To His University Friend. 

Somebody. Those [are] Brisle dice [i.e. false]. 

Cloivn. 'Tis like they brisle, for I am sure they breed anger. 

Nobody &= Somebody, c. 1600; Sch. of Shah., i. 337. 

See n. on Bristol hogs, infra. 

[Out of respect, however, to the morals of Bristol, it is to 
be observed that Murray {A Neiv English Diet., 1888) 
gives a different derivation sub bristle. — Ed.] 
Maade 'e Bristol, selled 'e Yerk, 
putten 'e a bottle and call'd a kerk (cork). 

Peacock, Lincoln Gloss. 

A Jew cannot live in Bristol. The Bristol men the Devil cannot 

deal with. — G. 
Bristol men [merchants] sleep with one eye open. That_ is, are 

always on the watch to gain some unfair advantage in their 

dealings.— G. The modern reading I would suggest is that 

they are never more than half awake. 

Bristol man. The son of an Irish thief and a Welsh whore — 
Grose, Dicty. 

" Though," said Burke, " I have the honour to represent Bristol, I 
should not like to live there ; I should be obliged to be so 
much on my good behaviour." — Boswell, Johnson, 1779. 

To speak as freely as the collier that called my Lord Mayor Knave * 
when he was got upon Bristow causey. — Caleb Trenchfield, 
Cap of Gray Hairs, 1678 ; N ., L, xi. 226. 
* Be not inclined to an eaves-dropping and underhand barkening what your 
servants say in their privacies. For it is rare (even though they love you), but at 
one time or other you shall hear them curse you. And at such times I have 
observed they are apt to prattle that which they never mean and please them- 
selves in a way of speaking freely as the Collier that called my Lord Mayor 
Knave when he was got upon Bristol causey.— Caleb Trenchfield, Cap of Gray 
Hairs for a Green Head, ch. 23, 1678. 

Though she [your daughter] never have a dancing Schoolemaster, a 
French Tutor, nor a Scotch Taylor to make her shoulders of 
the breadth of Bristow cowsway, it makes no matter. — Thos. 
Powell, Tom of All Trades, Lon., 1631, 4to, p. 47. 

Kaucie. — R. Brunne, Handling Sinne. 
Picard cauchie (Chaussea). — R.O. 

Bristol for parsons and prizefighters.— Haz, 

[and philanthropists]. — Athenaeum, 26/9, 1869. 

The Belchers Gully and Neat all hailed from Bristol. The last two 
were butchers. I remember well seeing Neat at his stall in 
Bristol market. 



The City of Churches. 

St. Mary Redcliff leads the van of all parochial churches in 
England.— F.W. 

is said to be the finest parish church in England, as St» 
Nicholas, Great Yarmouth, is the largest. 

Cf. Hood's Rotterdam, " a sort of vulgar Venice." 

Leghorn has been called "Bristol on a visit to Italy" (Viator).— 
A^., I., ii. 491. 

Umbrellas were introduced in Bristol c. 1780 and were red in colour. 
V. attributes to them an Italian origin as imported from 
Leghorn. Torriano mentions them in 1666. 

The Bristol* hogs have built a sty, but cannot find their way into it. 
i.e. the Exchange, which has never been used for the purpose 
intended. — A Journey thro' England, 1752, repr. 1869, p. 144. 
* i.e. bristled, a play on the word as in illustrn. given above. 

Bristol the City of the Plain. — Daily News, 16/4, '77. This refers 
to the ugliness of the women, on account of which Qn. Elizth. 
granted to them the privileges of conferring the freedom of 
the city on their husbands, and of hanging out their linen to 
dry upon Brandon Hill. 

The master of the inn [at Warminster or Westbury ?] made us 
mighty merry at supper about manning the new ship at 
Bristol with none but men whose wives do master them. It 
seems it is in reproof of some men of state that are such 
hereabouts that this is become common talk. — Pepys' Dy., 
iii. 461. 

He hath sold Bristol and bought Bedminster. Said of a bad swap. 
A reproach to an unthriftie man. — The Berkeley MSS., by John 
Smyth of Nibley. 

They pull'd down the old Guildhall because it was too small, 

and now they 've built a new one with no hall at all. [Opened in 1 846.] 

The arrangements of the building have more regard to its useful- 
ness for Courts of Justice than for public meetings. — John 
Latimer, Annals of Bristol in the 19th Centy., 1887, p. 225. 

Bristol board [for drawings]. 

milk. — Torr., 1666 ; Pepys' Diary, June 13, 1668. A Spanish 
wine called Xeres or Sherry, much drank at that place, 
particularly in the morning. — G. i.e. sherry sack. — F. V\'. 
Antidote against Melancholy, p. 73, 1661. 

Macaulay, Hist, of Engl., i. 335, calls it " a brewage given at 
sugar-refiners' banquets." 

Too much in turtle Bristol sons delight. 
Too much o'er bowls of rack prolong the night. 

[? sack, — L. Braybrooke.] 
Byron, Eng. Bards and Scotch Reviewers, ist Edn. 

Pepys, iii. 464, is in error in supposing that Bristol milk is rum- 



*' Walked with my wife and people through the city which is in every 
respect another London, that one can hardly know it to stand in 
the country no more than that. No carts, it standing generally 
on vaults, only dog-carts." — Pepys' Dy., June 13, 1668. 

Autochtones or aboriginals, the favorite epithet of the Athenians, 
signifies only people born in the country where they lived 
in opposition to strangers. The common people of Athens 
understood it to mean people sprung from the earth ; but 
Isocrates says, that people of sense in Athens understood 
it to mean that Athens was the most ancient of the Greek 
cities, and that it had been built by those who had been 
from time immemorial established in the country. We have 
our Stoches All the Stocks and Stokes were pronounced 
Stoch-es, or Stockey, which had the same meaning as the 
autochtones of the Athenians, as Stockey Down, Tavistock ; 
the Stokes round Bristol ; and English towns ending with that 
word ; and the common surname in Devonshire of Stuckey. 
V. Stuckey's Bank below — Reflections on Names and Places in 
Devonshire, p. 333. London [Birmingham] : Simpkin, 1845. 

Notes from Itin"" William of Wyrcestre. Bristol, 1834. 4*0- • 

Rok Breke-faucet per unum jactum lapidis versus Bristolliam 
in parte Ghyston Cliff, p. 54. i.e. the rock from which 
the Suspension Bridge springs. 

Fox-hole. Old name for present mouth of Cavern in Observa- 
tory hill, opposite Nightingale Valley. — (Stokeleigh, Slade, 
Ordn. Mp.) 

Scarlet Well. The water gushing from rock on the Leigh side. 

St. Mary-le-Port. i.e. of the toimi. 

Cf. Port-meadow, Oxford, and Langport, Somerset. 


Old Bristol Bank, Corn St. : 

Tyndall, Elton, Edwards, Edye and Skinner. 

Corn Street Bank : 

Miles, Vaughan, Miles, Baugh and New. 

Exchange Bank : 

Worrall, Blatchly and Worrall. 

Bristol Bank, Corn St. : 

Harfords, Davis and Winpenny. 

Bristol Bank, No. 15 Corn St. : 

Ames, Cave, Daubeny and Bright. 

All Saints Lane Bank [^iV^^ Nat^- Prov^- B. of Eng'*] 

Ireland, Protheroe, Bengough, Haythorne, Wright and Gore. 

J. Savery, Esq., Narrow Wine Street. 
Bristol and Somersetshire Bank [Messrs. Stuckey's Banking Co.] 

Founded by Mr. Vincent Stuckey. EstabUshed in Bristol in 

1806 at 50 Broad Quay. Now in Corn Street. 
[The above list is not complete. See C. H. Cave, A History of 

Banking in Bristol. 1899. — Ed.] 



Sons, while thy cliffs a ditchlike river laves, 
Rude as thy rocks, and muddy as thy waves, 
Of thoughts as narrow, as of words immense, 
As full of turbulence as void of sense. 
Thee, thee what senatorial souls adorn ! 
Thy natives sure would prove a senate's scorn. 
* *. ijf -::■ « 

Boast thy base Tolsey, and the turnspit dogs, 
Thy Halliers'* horses, and thy human hogs; 
Proceed, great Bristol, in all righteousness, 
And let one justice brighten yet thy praise, 
Still spare the catamite, and swinge the whore 
And be whate'er Gomorrha was before, 

Richd. Savage (1698 — 1743), London and Bristol Delineated. 
* Persons who drive or own the sledges w^^ are here used instead of carts. 


Southampton dire and wete. — MS. Harl. 

Hampshire, drye and wete. — MS. Rawl. 
Hampshire ground requires every day in the week a shower of rain, 
and on Sunday twain. — P. in R., 1678. 

Cf. Cambridegshire and Cornwall. 

As Hampshire long for her hath had the term of " Hogs." — Drayt. 
Pol., xxiii. 

Hampshire hogs. A derisive term for the natives. — Hll. 

Hampshire hog, 

Berkshire dog, 

Yorkshire bite, 

London white. — Higson, 123. 

Now to the sign of Fish let 's jog. 
There to find out a Hampshire hog, 
A man whom none can lay a fault on, 
The pink of courtesie at Alton. 

Vade mecwn for Malt-worms, i. 50, 1720. 

This alludes to the acorn-pasturage for swine in the New Forest. 
I remember the sign of the " Hampshire Hog " at a public- 
house in the Strand, near the Adelphi Theatre, in 1840. 
The expression of " Hampshire and Wiltshire moonrakers " had its 
origin in the Wiltshire peasants fishing up the contraband 
goods at night brought through the [New] Forest and hid in 
the various ponds. — Wise, N. Forest, p. 170. 
And with their loose-tail'd pens to let it loose. 
It 's like a syring to a Hampshire goose. 

E. Guilpin, Skialctheia [Lat, Pveliid.'], 1598. 
Hampshire onions. The ancient copper coins dug up in the soil. — 
Denham, F. L. of Durham, p. 66. \^Sec Cheales, Guide to 
Silchester, p. 19. 1895. — Ed.] 

Alton [16 m. E.N.E. of Winchester]. Ale of Halton.— Chester, 
Plays f i. 123. 



Famous for ale and Quakers. — Murr. 
Robbour de Altonn. — Douce MS. 98. 

through the pass of Halton 
Poverty might pass without peril of robbing. 

P. Ploiv., ii. 291, ed. 1856. 
The route from London to Weyhill fair passed by Alton. 
Beaulieu or Bewley [6 m. N.E. of Lymington]. 

The cuckoo goes to Beaulieu fair to buy him a great-coat. — 

Wise, New Forest, p. 180. 

The cuckoo-whit orders his coat at Beaulieu fair (April 15), and 
puts it on at Dornton (April 23), i.e. Downton, Wilts. 

Bournemouth. See Dorset, Weymouth. 

BuRLEY, God help us ! [4 m. E.S.E. of Ringwood in the New 
Forest] . 
Dependent on the crop of malt and acorns. — Wise, New Forest, 
p. 180. 

CoRHAMPTON [4 m. N.E. of Bishop's Waltham] . See Stoke. 
Crawley, God help us ! Downton, good now. — Haz., p. io6. 

No indication of county. Perhaps Crawley (5 m. N.W. of 

Wmchester) and Downton (6 m. S.S.E. of Salisbury) are 


ExTON [4 m. N.E. of Bishop's Waltham] . See Stoke. 

GoDSHiLL. Godshill plain 

is a sign of rain. — St. James'' Gaz., 2/5, '82. 
There are two Godshills — one a mile W. of Fordingbridge ; 
another L of Wight, 5 m, S.S.E. of Newport. 

RoMSEY — in the mud. — N., L, i. 167. 

Southampton. Navie de Suthanton. — Douce MS. 98. 

SowLEY [S.W. of Beaulieu] (formerly the site of iron -forges). 

There will be rain when Sowley hammer is heard. — Wise, 
N. F., p. 72. 

Stoke* folk and Extonf people, 
Corhampton church without a steeple. 

Hampshire Notes and Queries, ii. 7. 

* Stoke is in the par. of Bourne [4 m. N.W. of Whitchurch] . 
t4 m. N.E. of Bishop's Waltham. 

Tadley [5 m. E.N.E. of Kingsclere]. 

From Tadley : where should 'un ? 

from Tadley, God help 'un ! — N., L, i. 422. 

Weyhill [3 m. W.N.W. of Andover]. 

To Wy and Wynchestre I went to the faire 

With many [maner] marchaundise as my maistre me highte 

Ne had the grace of gyle-ygo among my ware 

It had be unsolden this seven-yere, so me god helpe. 

P. Plow. Vis. Pass., V. 203. 



Winchester. Bochers de Wyncestre. — Douce MS. 98. 

Manners makyth man, 

[makes a man — Ho.] 

quoth William Wickham* — F. W. 

[of Wickham— Ho.] 

* 1324 — 1340, Bp. of Winchester, and founder of the School and New Coll., 
Oxon., on which the first line is inscribed as motto. 

Winchester for gentlemen, Harrow for scholars, 
Westminster blackguards and Eton Bucks. 
or, Harrow for gentlemen, Eton for lords, 

Winchester for scholars, Westminster black-guards. 

Canterbury is the higher rack, but Winchester is the better 
manger — F. W., i.e. though of a lower dignity, of a richer 
endowment as a see. 
See Hereford. 

The Winchester bushel. Made the standard by Edgar. 

He profits out of measure : his ostrie must not be tied to 
Winchester. If oats seem dear he will tell you how 
their price quickened at every quarter last market- 
day. — Rd. Brathwait, Whimzies, 1631 : An Ostler. 
The Winchester goose — the venereal disease. Because often 
contracted in the Stews of Southwark, which formed part 
of the ancient jurisdiction of the Bishop of Winchester. — 
Shak., I H. VI., i. 3 ; Taylor (W. P.) 's Goose, 1621 ; 
Cotgrave suh Poulain. 

Wood Fidley [^ m. S.W. of Winchester]. 

Wood Fidley rain is proverbial, i.e. rain which lasts all the 
day. — Wise, New Forest, p. 79, 1867. 


Isle of Wight parsons = cormorants. 

The Isle of Wight hath no monks, lawyers, nor foxes. — F. W. 
Camd., Brit. 

Though the Isle of Wight could not for a long time neither endure 
foxes nor lawyers, yet it could brook the more dreadful 
cockatrice. — Webster, Westward Ho., iii. 3. 

Th' inhabitants of the He of Wight did bost 
No vermin used to harbour in their coast, 
For they no hooded Monks, nor Foxes had. 
Nor Law Retrivers who make fooles run mad 
With their strife-stirring tongues. 

T. Scot, Philomythie, 161 5, Pt. ii., A 3. 

The hob of Hornchurch. A story was current in and about 1575 
of a clown who came to London for the first time from 
Hornchurch, in the Isle of Wight, and who was told that 
the nearest way to Bartholomew Fair was through White- 
chapel. — Ace. of the Quarrel betw. Hall and Mallerie, repr. 
in Misc. Antiq. Anglica., p. 106. Hazlitt. 





shild and sper. — MS. Harl. 7371 ; R.A., i. 269. 


sheeld and speere. — MS. RawL, Leland. 

The five Ws of : Wine (cider), Women, the Wye, Wells, and 

This county doth share as deep as any in the alphabet of our 
English commodities, though exceeding in W., for wood, 
wheat, wool, and water. — F. W. 

Herefordsh. a country that hath the best of wool, the best of sider, 
the best of fruit, the best of wheat, and the best of rivers. — 
Andw. Yarranton, England's Impvove'- by Sea and Land, i. 
161. 1677. 

Herefordshire Redstreak Cider, made of rotten apples, at the Three 
Crowns, London. — Praised in Poor Robin, Sep., 1697. 

It is said that there is more lunacy in Herefordshire than in any 
other county, and it has been attributed to cider drinking. 

Foxwhelp cider and Barland perry. 

Herefordshire weeds, i.e. oaks. — Wr. White, All Rd. Wrekin, 99. 

Damaysele de Hereford. — Douce MS. 98, 13th Cy. 

So Hereford for her says, " Give me woof and warp." — Drayt. Pol. 

Shines like Worcester agen Gloucester (a Herefordsh. comparison). 
— Hav. 

Of the Triennial Festival Meetings Gloucester is said to be dis- 
tinguished for Rank, Worcester for Wealth, and Hereford for 
Good Music. — Hav. 

Blest is the eye 

betwixt Severn and Wye. — F. W. 

Because out of fighting troubles, the rivers forming natural 
barriers to the lands lying between. 
Cf. Gloucestersh. and Powis in Wales. 

When the bud of the aul [alder] 's as big as a trout's eye, 
then that fish is in season in the river Wye. — Lewis, HevefovdsJiive 

Salmo non aestate novus, nee frigore desit. — F. W. Applied to the 
Wye salmon, as being in season all the year. 

There is a famiHar story illustrating the rudeness of Herefordshire 
boys : A lady, riding, came to a gate. A little boy ran 
forward and opened it. "Thank you, my boy; I'm sure 
you're not a Herefordshire boy." " Thee 'rt a Hard, I be ! " — 

VOL. 1. 97 7 


" Secunda fertilitatis laude inter Anglige Provincias acquiescere, 
haud facile est contenta." — Cam., Brit. " It is not willingly 
content to be accounted the second shire for matter of fruit- 
fulness." But the foresaid Author in his whole Book never 
expresseth which is the first, too politic to adjudge so 
invidious a pre-eminence. And thus keeping the uppermost 
seat empty such competitor counties are allowed leave to put 
in their several claims which pretend to the prime place of 
fertility. — F. W. Cf. Emerson's remark, Char, of England. 

Acton Beauchamp [ii m. S.W. of Worcester]. 

Acton Beauchamp, the poorest place in all the nation, 

a lousy parson, a nitty clerk, and a shabby congregation. — Hav. 

Bishop's Frome [4 m. S. of Bromyard]. 
" A Dish and a Spoon " 
say the Bells of Bish Frome. — Hav. 

BosBURY [4 m. N. of Ledbury] . 

Make your will before going to Bosbury. A Malvern saying in 
reference to the intricacy and badness of the roads between 
those places. 

The CO. of Worcester is rather more celebrated for the manu- 
facture of perry than Hereford ; the latter, however, is 
justly celebrated for its Barland perry, produced originally 
from fields in Bosbury, called Barelands. — Agriciiltl. Joiirn.., 
Brampton Bryan [10 m. S.W. of Ludlow]. See Orleton. 

"They are gone to Bron Fair," when peas or other crops look 
weakly, or not doing well. — Hav. 

Bromyard. "Come old man and shave yer beard," 
say the bells of Bromyard. — Hav. 

Cowarne [5^ m. S.W. of Bromyard] . 

Dirty Cowarne, wooden steeple, 
cracked bell, wicked people. — Hav. 

Hereford. The Church of Hereford doth well, 
Yet Winchester doth that excell ; 
But Canterbury bears the bell. 

MS. in Canterbury Archives. 
? Extract from Antidotum Culmerianum, Oxford, 1644. Richard 
Cn\mQr, alias "Blue Dick," was a Canterbury man.— N., 
VH., xi. 169. 

Hope under Din more,*- and if Dinmore should fall, 
the Devil will have Hope and Dinmore and all. — Hav. 

* 4 m. S.E. of Leominster. 

Kentchurch. See Sutton. 

John a Kent and John a Cumber. — A play by Ant. Munday. 
The first-named belonged to this parish, which is midway 
between Hereford and Abergavenny. 




Leominster is still famous for wigs (an old-fashioned cake or 
bun). — Hav. 

Lemster bread and Weobly ale. — F. W. ; Camd., Brit. 

Webley ale, Medley bells, Lemster oref : three things in Here- 
fordshire which are best in that kind. — Ho. Madele}'-, in 
Shropsh., is probably intended. 
t Ore, i.e. wool. 

But then the ore of Lempster ! 
By Got is never a sempster 
That when he is spun e'er did 
Yet match him with hir thrid. 
B. Jon., Hon. of Wales ; Drayt. Pol., B. vii. ; F. W. 

a bank of moss 
Spongy and swelling and far more [Palace. 

Soft than the finest Lemster ore. — Herrick, Ohevon's 

Lempster ore, Lana optima. Sed prsecipua hodie gloria est a 
lana in circumvicinis agris (Lemster ore vocant cui [excepta 
Apulia et Tarentina] palmam deferunt Europcei omnes). — 
Camd., Brit. (1586), p. 472. 1616. 

Cf. Worth its weight in gold, and the following : — In many 
places a very rich alluvion, forming a most valuable 
manure, is found at the bottom of these shallows ; hence 
the name of Mer d'Or, or Golden Sea, the inhabitants 
deriving a golden harvest of hay from its employment on 
these meadows. — Havard, Dead Cities of the Zuydev Zee, p. 29. 

Lemster wool and Monmouth caps. — Ho. 

Cornewall hath tynne and lymster woole fine. — Barclay, 
Eclogue, iv. 

The beast which bleats on Lemster's ore [iv. 

her flesh is good, her fleece is more. — Ho., N. Sayings, 

" Trip a trap a trencher " 
say the bells of Lemster. — Hav. 

Letton [on the Wye, 5 m. S.W. of Weobley]. 

*' From Letton, Where should 'un ? 
From Letton, God help "un !"— iV., L, i. 422. 

Perhaps according to the hop yield. 
LusTON [2^ m. N.W. of Leominster] . Cf. Sutton, in Somerset. 

Luston short and Luston long, 

at every house a tump of dung, 

some two, some three, 

the dirtiest place you ever did see. — Hav. 

Orcop [8i m. N.W. of Ross] . 

" Orcop, God help ! Orcop, the Lord be praised ! " — Hav. 
According to the crop of plums. 



Orleton [5 m. S.W. of Ludlow]. 

The cuckoo always comes to Orleton Fair (April 23) to buy a 
horse and goes to Bron (Brampton Bryan) to sell him. — Hav. 

Pencombe [4 m. S.W. of Bromyard]. 

" Pencombe, God help!" — Hav. A local expression relative to 
the unfortunate position of the place. 

Ross. The Man of Ross. 

But all our praises why should lords engross ? 
Rise, honest Muse, and sing the Man ot Ross. 

Pope, Moral Ess., iii. 249. 

RoTHERWAS [2 m. E.S.E. of Hereford on the Wye] . 

Every one cannot dwell at Rotheras. (A delicate seat of the 
Bodmans in this county.) — Ho. It still belongs to them. 

Stoke Edith [6 m. E. of Hereford] . See Tarrington. 

Sutton Wall* and Kentchester hill* 

are able to buy London, were it to sell. — Ho. 

* Two fruitful places. Sutton Walls, a camp of 30 acres, on which stood 
King Offa's palace, is on a hill in the parish of Sutton St. Michael, or Sutton 
Kings, 4 ra. N.N.E. of Hereford on the Lug. Kentchester was perhaps the hill 
above Kentchurch, 11 m. W. of Ross on the Monnow. 

Buried treasure may be what is alluded to. 

Tarrington [y^- m. E. of Hereford]. 

Lusty Tarrington, lively Stoke, 
beggars at Weston, thieves at Woolhope. 
or, Dirty Tarrington, lousy Stoke. — Hav. 

Weobley [10 m. N.W. of Hereford]. 

When Ladie Lift f puts on her shift 

she fears a downright rain, 
but when she doffs it you will find 
the rain is o'er, and still the wind, 
and Phoebus shines again. 
t Ladylift, a clump of trees on a high hill near Weobley. 
Poor Weobley, proud people, low church, high steeple. — Hav. 
Weston under Penyard [2 m. S.E. of Ross] . See Tarrington. 
Woolhope [7 m. S.E. of Hereford] . See Tarrington. 


Harvordschir, full of wood. — MS. Harl. 

Hertfordshire, ful of wode. — MS. Rawl. 

They say of the Hertfordshire people, that if a man fall he' 11 come 
to no harm so long as he falls on his head. 

So Hertford blazon'd is " The club and clouted shoon," 
Thereto " I '11 rise betinie and sleep again at noon." 

Drayt. Pol., xxiii. 

Hertfordshire clubs and clouted shoon. — F. W. 



Hedgehogs. — F. W. Bedfordshire bull-dogs, 

Hertfordshire hedge-hogs, 
Buckinghamshire great fools. 

N., IV., iv. 507. 

The hedgehog is emblematically used to represent a bad neigh- 
bour, an unsociable and ill-conditioned person ; its points, 
when set up, forbidding a near approach. — Gr. 

Kindness, i.e. returning a kindness immediately — S.P.C., ii. F. W. 
i.e. anyone drinking back to his right-hand man, and so 
defrauding the others. — Gr. 

For want of a third in our mess we were fain to use 
Hertfordshire kindness, " Here's to you again." — Ned 
Ward, Walk to Islington, ii, 75. 

It IS the Garden of England for delight, and men commonly say 
that such who buy a house in Hartfordshire pay two years' 
purchase for the air thereof. — F. W. 

Who buys a house in Hertfordshire 
Pays three years' purchase for the air. 

Atkinson, England Described, p. 159, 1788. 

Surely no county can show so fair a Bunch of Berries ; for so 
they term the fair habitations of Gentlemen of remark, 
which are called Places, Courts, Halls, and Manors in 
other shires. — F. W. 

If you wish to go into Hertfordshire [? quasi Heavtliioxdshvce] 
hitch a little nearer the fire. — Lysons, Magna Brit. Bedf., p. 117. 
See Hitchin. 

Miss Baker {N'hants Gloss.) says this distich is [inscribed] on 
the old beam which separated Bedfordshire from an insulate 
portion of Herts in the dining-room of the late parsonage 
house at Mappershall, near ShefFord [g m. S.E. of 

Will anybody tell me why his intimates almost always dub a 
Hertfordshire proprietor with the generic title of " Squire " ? 
— Whyte Melville, Good for Nothing, ch. xii. 

There is a town in Hertfordshire, not far from London, of which 
they say that there is nobody poor enough to keep the 
town-hogs, or rich enough to keep a hog-heard. — Defoe, 
Behaviour of Servants, p. 260, 1724. 

AsHRiDGE [3 m. N. of Berkhampsted]. Seat of Earl of Ellesmere. 

Fraxinus in clivo frondetque vivet sine rivo 

Non est sub divo similis sine flumine vivo. — Skelton. 

Chipperfield [4 m. N. of Rickmansworth]. Famous for cherries. 

Chipperfield : Where d 'ye think ? 
God help us ! 

A common variation of the answer to " Where do you 
belong?" in orchard districts. 



HiTCHiN. Mede de Hicche. — Douce MS. 98. i.e. mead, the drink 
made of honey. 
I suspect some play on the name of this town in the proverb : 

If you wish to go into Hertfordshire, 
hitch[in] a Httle nearer the fire ; 

there being insulated portions of Beds and Herts between 
Shefford and Hitchin. 

Pennywell. See Brockley Hill, in Middlesex. 

St. Albans. Payn de Seynt Albon. — Douce MS. 98. 

As common as the way between St. Albans and London. — 
Sh., 2 H. IV., ii. 2. 

When Verulam stood 
St. Albans was a wood ; 
now Verulam 's down 
St. Albans is a town. 

Black and Whits, 20/1, '94. 

Verulam was the Roman municipal city on Watling Street. 

Tring. Tring, Wing, and Ivinghoe, 

three dirty villages all in a rov/, 
and never without a rogue or two. 
Would you know the reason why ? 
Leighton Buzzard is hard by. — N., I., v. 619. 
This is a slap at a neighbour in the adjoining co., Bedford. 

Tring, Wing, and Ivinghoe, 

for striking of a blow 

Hampden did forego, 

and glad he could escape so. — N., III., v. 176. 

Hampden of Hampden did forego 

the manors of Tring, Wing, and Ivinghoe, 

for striking the Black Prince a blow. — Hll., Pop. Rhy. 

See explanatory note in Bucks, to which Wing and Ivinghoe 

Verulam. See St. Albans. 

Ware and Wade's Mill are worth all London. — CI. A play on 
the first name, in allusion to commerce. 

Wade's Mill is a village 2 m. N. of Ware. 

Ned Ward places at Ware, in the chamber containing the 
Great Bed, the horns on which travellers were sworn. 
Take care thou dost thyself no wrong ; 
Drink no small beer if thou hast strong, 
And further, do thyself this right, 
Eat no brown bread if thou hast white ; 
And if the mistress thou can bed. 
Be sure thou dost not kiss the maid. 
. . . What I have said do thou retain. 
So kiss the horns, and say " Amen." 

A Step to Stii-hitch Fair, ii. 250, 1704. 




Huntingdonschir corne full good — MS. Harl. 
Huntyngdonshire, corne ful goode. — MS. Rawl. 
And Huntingdon "With stilts we'll stalk through thick and thin." 

— Drayt. Pol., xxiii. 
And where in the words of the proverb, "They have churches for 
milestones." — Walter White, Eastn. Engd., ii. 95. 

This is the way to Beggar's Bush, — F. W. A well-known tree on 
left hand of the London road from Huntingdon to Caxton. 
A taunting prophecy of poverty. The primary meaning was 
a rendezvous for beggars at the bifurcation of two roads. 
Such a one exists on the Leigh side of the river Avon, 
opposite Clifton, and it is still called " Beggar's Bush Lane." 

Cold Harbour [9 m. N.W. of Huntingdon]. 

Some say the devil's dead and buried in Cold Harbour, 
Others say he's rose again and prentic'd to a barber. 

Lamb, Letters, i. 167, 1837. 
There are many places in England called Cold Harbour. 
This one, on the borders of Hunts and N. Hants, is 
chosen because the lines are current in N. Hants, Oxon, 
and Bucks. — F. L. Jour., i. 90. 
A GoDMANCHESTER [Huutington] black pig, a donkey. 
A [Huntingdon] sturgeon, i.e. an ass. — R., 1678. 

See Pepys Diary, ed. Bohn, iii. 134. 
During a very high flood in the meadows something was seen 
floating, which the Godmanchester people thought was a 
black pig, and the Huntingdon folk declared was a sturgeon. 
It proved to be a young donkey. 
Fortes de Huntyngdon. — Douce MS., 98. 

It comes from Needingworth. — CI. a village 2 m. E. of St. Ives. 
Cf. At Needham's shore. — Tusser, Housewifery, p. 17, 1573. 

Old Weston [6 m. N. of Kimbolton]. 

You must go to Old Weston before you die. — N., I., iii. 449. 
An out of the way village, formerly almost unapproachable 
by carriages in winter. [built 969. 

Ramsey [10 m. N.N.E. of Huntingdon]. A Benedictine Abbey, 
Ramsey the rich of gold and of fee, 
Thorney the flower of the fen country [Notts], 
Crowland so courteous of meat and of drink [Lincolnsh.], 
Peterborough the proud, as all men do think, 
and Sawtrey, by the way, that old Abbay, [See below] 
gave more alms in one day than all they. — N ., I., vi. 350. 
or, Crowley as courteous as courteous may be, 
Thorney the bane of many a good tree, 
Ramsey the rich, and Peterborough the proud, 
Sawtrey, by the way, that poor Abbay, 
gave more than all they. 

Mark Noble, Mem. of the Protectoral House of Cromwell. 
N., I., vi. 281. 



or, Ramsey the bounteous of gold and of fee, 
Crowland as courteous as courteous may be, 
Spalding''-' the rich, and Peterborough the proud, 
Sawtrey, by the way, that poor Abbaye, 
gave more alms in one day than all they. — Murr. 
* Lincolnshire. 
Saint Ives. Barbeus de Seynt Yve. — Douce MS., 98, i.e. barbels 
of the river Ouse, '^^'fi\ - 

. . . or drink of the waters of Saint Ives, by John Bale 
(out of Romish Authors) produced to be good against the 
temptations of the petticoat. — T. Nash. Have with yon 
to Sajfvon Walden. — iV., 2, 1596. 

Sawtrey [9 m. N.W. of Huntingdon] . Cistercian. See Ramsey. 

Sawtrey, by the way, 

now a grange that was an abbey. — Kempe. 

Losely MS., 212, Lottery of 1567. 

Stilton [6 m. S.W. of Peterborough] gives its name to the premier 
cheese of England, tho' it is chiefly made in Leicestershire. 
Cheese, such as men in Suffolk make, 
But wished it Stilton for his sake. 

Pope, City <^ Country Mouse. 

" Nay, stay," quoth Stringer, when his neck was in the halter. — 
R., 1678. 


Christian, Callow and'Kerruish [pronounced Kerrush] 
all the rest are refuse [par. of Maughold] . 

Moore, Surnames of I. of M., p. 94. 

Kelly. So common a surname that any Manxman answers to 
it. — See N., VI., vii., viii. 

A Manx puffin, i.e. a Manxman. — M. M., i. 29. 

If the puffin's nest was not robbed in the Calf of Man they 
would breed there no longer. Up to the present century 
they laid a single egg in the rabbit burrows there, and if 
it was taken away, a second and third, never rearing 
more than one bird. — M. M., i. 31. The puffin was also 
eaten. — See \A'ilson, Voyage round the Coasts of Scotd. and 
the Isles, ed. 1842. 

Blue. The Manxman's livery. — M. M., i. 29 

Manxman like, a day behind the Fair [unpunctuality common] — 
M. M., i. 35. 

Quocunque jeceris stabit. Raad erbee cheau 00 eh nee eh shasso. 

The arms of Man are its [three] legs. — M. M., i. 22. 

Three legs armed, armed for self defence, 
centrally united, security from thence. 

On the old Parlt. House at Castleton, destroyed since 1775. — 
M. M., i. 238. 


LOCAL PROVERBS. isle of man 

With one leg I spurn Ireland, with the second I kick at 
Scotland, with the third I kneel to England. — M. A/., i. 22. 

God keep the house and all within 
From Cut MacCuUoch and all his kin. 

God keep the good corn, the sheep, and the bullock 
From Satan, from sin, and from Cutlar MacCulloch. 

(A powerful Gallovidian rover of the i6th century.) 
The first the poor, the second the rich, Manx man's prayer. — 
M. M., i. 37. 
Do as they do in the Isle of Man : 
"How's that?" — they do as they can. — M. M., i. 27. 
Cf. What ! I see 'tis raining again, 

Why, then we must do as they do in Spain : 
" How's that ? " — we must let it rain. 

Swift, Polite Conveys,, i. 
Duke of Athol, King of Man, 
is the greatest man in all this Ian' — M. M., i. 23. 

All the bairns unborn will rue the day 
when the Isle of Man was sold away, 
and there 's ne'er a wife that loves a dram 
but what will lament for the Isle of Man. — Halliwell. 
The great Road of King Orry. — The milky way. His answer that 

he came thence when challenged on his first landing in the 

North. — M., i. 23. 

Mie Mannin, mie Nherin (Good in Mann, good in Ireland). — 
Mon. Mis., ii. 9. 

The Manx and the Scots will come so near as to throw their beetles 
at one another. The sea is still retiring in the North at the 
Point of Ay re, but there are yet twenty miles across to 

In hoc medio cursu [inter Iberniam et Britanniam] est insula 
quae appellatur Mona. — Caesar, De Bella Gallico, v. 

I have read of a contention between Scotland and Ireland about 
a little island, either challenging it for theirs. It was put to 
the decision of a Frenchman, who caused to be put into the 
island living serpents, arbitrating it thus : that if those 
serpents lived and prospered then the ground was Scot- 
land's ; if they died, Ireland's. — T. Adams, Works, 1629, 
P- 837. 
Like a Manx cat, hasn't a tail to wag, i.e. the stubbin or rumpy cat. 

He is like a Manx cat, he leaves nought behind him but his 
tail.— M. M., i. 34. 

The following general byenames occur in the Isle of Man : 

The Dalby folks are called Gobbocks, from their partiality to 
that fish ; the Castleton youths are generally styled Dullish 
(Manx, Boasters) ; the Peel gents are called Vinegar hill 
boys, also Skaddon or Haddock boys. — M. A. Denham, 
F. L. of N. of Engd., 17, 1852. 



The natives of Castleton are called the Dullish Boys, those of 
Dalby are called Gobbogs : the Peel men are designated 
the Skaddan Boys, as well as Haddock Boys, while those 
from the North of the island are called Stunners or 
Boasters. — Mon. Misc., i. 41. 

Peel for Antiquity, Castleton for Dignity, 

Ramsey for Scenery, Douglas Malignity. — M. M., ii. 

(Written by a Lady, early part of this century.) 

Douglas, the seat of scandal, nurse of pride. 
To ignorance by lasting ties allied. 
With self-tormenting spleen and envious strife 
Sours her own cup, and blasts the joys of life. 

John Stowell of Peel, Retrospect, 1790. Called the 
Churchill of Mona.— M. M., ii. 15. 

Four Ls, four As, an S, and a B, 
spells a nice village as you may see. 

i.e. Ballasalla, 2 m. N. of Castleton. — M. M., ii. 15. 

If of the world you 're tired, pray 
Don't hang or drown, but only give 
The world up and to Peel go live. 

Mrs. Griffiths, Lines on Peel, 1839. 

Shenn phott, shenn ghryle, 

Shenn chlooid dy choodaghey yn aile. 

An old pot, an old griddle, 
an old clout to cover the fire. 

Imitation of the sound of Kirk Arbory bells. — M. M., ii. 15. 

As round as the Tynwald. The Seat of Parliament or House of 
Keys, a circular grassy mound near Saint John's. — M.M.,i. 25. 

As indifferently as the herring bone doth lie in the midst of the fish. 
(Oath of Deemster and Bailiff that they Avill thus administer 
justice.) — M. M., i. 25. 

As stiff as the staff of government. The Governor on assuming 
office takes an oath somewhat similar, the symbol of upright- 
ness being the white staff, which he holds erect in his 
hands.— M.M., i. 24. 

Our enemies, the Redshanks or Goblen Marrey, i.e. Scotch High- 
landers. — M.M., i. 36. 

Hit him again, for he is Irish. — Ih., \. 30. 

See Wilson and Geikie's Life of Edwatd Forbes for old Manx legends. 


Kent, as hot as fire. — MS. Harl. 
Kentshire, hoot as fire. — MS. Rawl. 
Kent-shire, hoot as fyre. — Leland, Itin., V. xxvi. 

Pegge ascribes this to the chalk and gravel roads. 
Kentish fire : continuous cheering by measured tread. Introduced 
in 1828 in opposition to the Roman Catholic Relief Bill. 



Kentish miles. — F. W. See Essex. 

L. C. D. The London, Chatham and Dover : or, the Land 'em, 
Smash 'em and Do for 'em Railway. 

All things are allowable in Christendom and Kent. — G. Harvey, 

Letter Book, p. 123, 1573. 
Nor in all Kent, nor in Christendom. — Spenser, Sliep. Cat. Sept., 153. 

Neither in Kent nor Christendom. — Nash, Have with you to Saffvon 
Walden. Lenten Stiiffe [Harl. Misc.'], vi. 153. 

" The first cut and all the loaf beside." — F.W. 

Omne solum forte patria : I can live in Christendom as well as 

in Kent. — Lilly, Mother Bonibie, iii, 3. And see Middleton, 

Mayor of Queenhorough, v. i. 

The father to the bough, 
the son to the plough. 

A Kentish prov. meant of Gavelkind. — Ho. 

[Tho' the Father were convicted of treason . . . yet the 
son enjoys his inheritance. — E. Chamberlayne, St. Gt. 
Brit., I. I. iii. [1707] 19. — Ed.] 

Tiirfe. Come, send your men off: I will have them sent 
Home again, wife ; I love no trains of Kent 
Or Christendom, as they say. — B. Jonson, A Tale of a Tub, ii. 

The Church of God is Catholic, not Roman Catholic : that 's just 
as foolish a phrase as the by- word of Kent and Christendom. 
Particular and universal are contradictories. — T. Adams, 
Wks-> P- 557> 1629. 

Then straight he got up, and together they went 

As great as Old Nick and the old Earl of Kent. 

Ned Ward, Revels of the Gods, ii. no, 1704. 

Some part* of Kent hath health and no wealth ;f 

Some wealth and no health ; ^ 

Some both health and wealth. § 

Some have neither health nor wealth. — Ho. 

* Places. — Ho. 

fE. Kent.— R. N.W — Lambard. The Downs, N. of the backbone,— Murr. 

\ The Weald. — R. Rumney Marsh. — Lamb. And the marshes on the 
Medway and the Swale. — Murray. 

§ Mid-Kent and parts near London. — R. From Maidstone to Tonbridge and 
about Canterbury. — Murray. The Weald. — Lambard. 

The sick to the Hundreds in pale throngs repair, 

And change the Gravel-pits for Kentish air. — Garth, Disp., iii. 219. 

The Garden of Eden. The ten miles between Maidstone and 
Tunbridge. — Cobbett, Rural Rides. 

A Kentish ague. — P., 13. Northern marshes. 

I trembled like a Kentish yeoman troubled with a Tertian ague. — 
Ned Ward, Dancing School, ii. 240. 

A Kentish jury hang half and save half. — F. W. 

As lythe as lass of Kent. — Drayton. '^ Doii^sabell." v. Spenser, Shep. 
Kal. Feb. 



A man of Kent. A free man sui juris. — F. W. Men of Kent 
born east of the Medway, who are said to have met the 
Conqueror in a body, each carrying a green bough in his 
hand, the whole appearing hke a moving wood, and thereby 
obtaining a confirmation of their ancient privileges. — G., Did. 

Men of Kent [of the Weald — JV., IIL, vii. 423], W. division of Co. : 
Kentish men, E. div. — JV., IIL, vii. 123, viii. 92. 

But if he be no Christian, the matter is not much : he will serve 
well enough for a man of Kent. — Taylor, The Great Eater. 

Mother Bee. Ah whoreson, thou callest me whore by craft : 
Thou art a Kentish man, I trow. 

Marriage of Wit and Wisdom, Shak. Soc, p. 52. 

Ex his omnibus longe sunt humanissimi qui Cantium incolunt. 
— Caesar, De Bella Gallico. (Quoted in contention between 
York and Lancaster. — Shak. Soc.) 
Kentish cousins. Abundant from intermarriage. — P., 15. 
Kentish longtails. — F. W. cites Matt. Paris (1250), p. 790. Robin 
Goodfellow, 1628, Percy Soc. ; Deloney's Strange Histories, 
1607, ^^• 

Kent first in our account doth to itself apply. 
Quoth he this blazon first, " Long tails and Hberty." 

Drayton, Poly., xxiii, 

A present ascribed to St. Thomas A 'Beckett. Also to 
St. Augustine, in return for an insult at Rochester. — 
The tail of a Kentish man to't. — B. Jon., Vis. of Delight. 
Kentish tayles are now turned to such spectacles, soe that yf a 
man put them on his nose, he shall have all the land he 
can see. — Manningham, Dy., f. 27., 1601, Cam. Soc. 

A Kentish yeoman. — F. W. It passeth for a plain man with a 
plentiful estate. — F. W. 

A gentleman of Wales 
with a Knight of Cales [Cadiz] 
and a lord of the North Countree ; 
a yeoman of Kent 

upon a rack rent [sitting on a peny rent] 
is able to buy all three. — JV., III., ii. 144. 
English Lord, German Count, and French Marquis, a yeoman 

of Kent is worth them all three. — JV., I., vi. 156. 
A Knight of Cales and a Gentleman of Wales and a Laird of 

the North Countree, 
a yeoman of Kent with his yearly rent will buy them out all 
three.— F. W. 

Sixty Cales Knights were made in 1596 by Rob*- E. of Essex, 
many poor. 

Gavelkind, i.e. Give-all-kind. 

Teutonibus priscis patrios succedit in agros 
Mascula stirps omnis ne foret uUa potens. 



The Grey Coats of Kent. Clothiers and Farmers about Maidstone 
(from their plain appearance). — Defoe, Tour in G.B., i., Lett. 2. 
Wearing their own broadcloth made at Cranbrook. — Murr. 
Like a Kentish cloth, that stains with nothing. — Melbancke, 
Philotimus, R. 3. 

Kentish hogs. — Globe, i7/6/'84. 

As fat as a Kentish oyster. — Greene, Tu Quoque. 

Kent red veal and white bacon, i.e. pickled pork. — P., 6. 

A Kentish stomach, i.e. a great eater. — P., 19. Nich'- V.'ood, 
d. 1620, who would eat the dinner of twenty men at one 
sitting. — Sandys, n. to Ovid, Met., p. 162. 

The Colliers of Croydon, the Rustics of Roydon, and the fishers 
of Kent. See Canterbury. 

Kentish apples. — Camd., 215. Behold the applemaker of Kent, and 
mark well him that killed thy father [said of the priest at the 
altar, holding up the consecrated elements]. — Becon, iii. 41. 

pippins. — Lambarde, Per., pp. 5, 263 ; 1656. 

To send pippins into Kent. — Torr., i656. 

cherries. — Camd., f. 215. 
See Derbyshire. 

AsHFORD. Naughty Ashford, surly Wye, 

poor Kennington hard by. [2 and 4 m. N. of Ashford.] 

P., 20, who refers to Hist, of College of Wye in Gough MS. in 

Bapchild. If you '11 live a little while, 

go to Bapchild ; 

if you 'd live long, 

go to Tenham [Teynham] or Tong. — P., 21. 
But sec Merstham. 
Broadstairs scrubs [3 m. N.E. of Ramsgate]. See Ramsgate. 
As old as Cale Hill. — CI. [5 m. N. W. of Ashford.] 

A Canter[bury] gallop. — P., 23. Rider's Diet, in Brady, Vav.ofLit. 

For his grace at meat, what can I better 
compare it to than a Canterbury rack, half 
pace half gallop? — ^'Character of a Fanatic, 
1675, Harl. Misc., vii. 637. 

story or tale. — F. W. Since Chaucer's time. 

Canterbury Tales are parallel to Fabidce Milesia, which 
are characterised nee verae nee verisimiles : 
merely made to mar precious time and 
please fanciful people. Such are the many 
miracles of Thomas x^' Beckett, &c. — 
F. W., p. 97- 

bells. — P., 24. Such as were worn by pilgrims on 
their horse. 

trappings. — Fox, Martyr, i. 698. 

broches. — P., 24. Memorial medals. 



Seyntuarie de Canterbur.— Douce MS. g8, 13th Cy. 

Haec sunt Cantorum juga, dogmata, bal baculorum, 
Et princeps tumba, bel, brachia, fulsaque plumba, 
Et syserum potus, haec sunt staura cuntotis. — MS. 15th 
Cy., Trin. Coll., Cam., O 9, 38. Rel. Ant., ii. 178. 

Canterburie was, London is, and York shall be. — W. Perkins, 
Fruitful Dialogue concerning the end of the World : IVks., 161 8, 
p. 468. In the North they say Lincolne was. 

Canterbury is in decay, 
God help may. 

Lottery of 1567, Kempe's Losely MS. 211. Haz. 

Canterbury is the higher rack [i.e. in rank], but Winchester is 
the better manger [i.e. richer in revenues]. — F. W. 
(Saying of Bp. W. Edinton). See Hereford. 

For company, as Kit. went to Canterbury. — P., 29. Perhaps 
this refers to the social attractions which led many to go 
on pilgrimage. I once travelled to Jerusalem with a very 
jolly party of French, personally conducted by a Cook of 
the period (1856). 

Testes Londonise ratibus (shipping), Wintonia Baccho, 
Hereforda grege, Wirecestria fruge redundans, 
Batha lacu, Salesbira feris, Cantuaria pisce 
[Badha] Eboracum silvis, Excestria clara metallis. 
Norvicium Dacis, Hibernis Cestria, Gallis 
Cicestrum, Norwageniis Dunelma propinquans, 
Testis Lincoliae gens infinita decore 
Testis Ely formosa situ, Rouecestria visu. 

Henrici Huntendunensis. Hist. Angl"-, i., p. 11 (Rolls ed.). 

Smoky Charing. — P., 30. [6 m. N.W. of Ashford.] Probably 
the locus in quo of "The Smoke of Charren." A prov. 
relating to a wife who had beat her husband, and he going 
out weeping, said "it was for the smoke his eyes watered." 

If you would go to a church mis-went* 

You must go to CucKSTONEf in Kent.— Leland, Itin., II. 137, 1744. 

Very unusual in proportion. The pews are as old as the 

* (Gone astray) Spenser, Sliep. KaL, Aug. 1. 16: F. 2, IV., xxx. 6. 
tCaxton, 2 m. S.W. of Strood. 

A Deal gale (from the S.) — Murr. 

Deal, Dover, and Harwich, 

the devil gave his daughter in marriage ; 

and by a codicil to his will, 

he added Helvoet and the Brill. — Or., P., 32. 

A satirical squib, thrown at the innkeepersof those places. — Or. 
Deal crabs. — Murr. 




Deal Savages, Canterbury Parrots, 
Dover Sharps, and Sandwich Carrots. — P., 33. 
Gardening first used as a trade at Sandwich. — Harris, p. 63. 
See Folkstone. 

A Dover Shark, and a Deal Savage. The first from the ring 
being removed from a dying man's finger by biting the 
finger off. — Gr. 

Dover, a den of thieves. — Smollett, Trav. thro' Fr. and It., p. 6. 

As sure as there 's a dog in Dover. — P., 35, i.e. as sure as a gun. 

It 's all Dover with me, i.e. all up. — Haz., 2nd ed. Cf. L. C. D. 
on first page of Kent. 

Load me well, and keep me clean, 
and I '11 carry a ball to Calais Green. 
Said of Qu. Eliz**''^ pocket pistol at Dover Castle. — Murray. 
A Dover house, i.e. a necessary house. — P., 34. 

When it 's dark in Dover 

'tis dark all the world over. — P., 40. 

From Berwick to Dover 
three hundred miles over. 

i.e. from Dan to Beersheba. — F. W. 

See Haz., p. 138. 

In Barwick and Dover 
And all the world over. 

" Little John and the Four Beggars," 
British Ballads, ed. Child, v. 327. 

From Dover to Dunbar. — Aniiqu"- Report, i. 78, P., 39. 

When Dover and Calais meet. — Fr. 

A Jack of Dover.— F. W. 

And many a Jack of Dover he had sold 

Which had been two times hot and two times cold. 

Chaucer, Cook's Prol. 

Nor Jack of Dover, that Grand Jury Jack. — Taylor, Jack a Lent. 

Chastel de Dovre. — Douce, MS. 98, 13th Cy. 

Dover, Sandwich, and Winchelsea, 

Rumney and Rye, the Five Ports be. — N., I., viii. 615. 

Rye and Winchelsea are in Sussex. See another 
form under that Co. 

Hardement de Cink pors, [i.e. dash, courage]. — Douce AfS. 98, 
13th Cy. 

Dover Court, all speakers and no hearers. — F. W., who considers 
that Dover Court in Essex is not intended by this, but 
some Admiralty tribunal at Dover. Pegge, however, ignores 
it as a Kentish proverb. 

The proverbial Court at Dover. — North Examen., p. 517. 

. . . where all speak, but nobody heard or answered. 

Tom Brown, Wks., iii. 66. 



A North-East wind in May 

makes the Shotver-men a prey. — P., 41. 

The mackerel fishers, who use a Shot-net. 

An Eastry flower. A double crown on an horse's head ; meaning, 
I suppose, a recommendation to a horse at Eastry fair. — P. 
He also suggests that it is a corruption of Ostrich feather. 

Erith. Then down to Erith 'gainst the tide we went, 
Next London, greatest Mayor town in Kent 
Or Christendom. Taylor, A Discovery by Sea, 1623. 

Feversham [or Milton] oysters. — P. 42. Juvenal celebrates those 
of Richborough : Rutupinove edita fundo 

Ostrea. Sat., iv. 141. 

Lambarde, p. 259, commends those of the N. & S. yenlets, 
near the Reculvers. 

To be married at Finglesham Church, i.e. in a chalk pit notorious 
for amatory meetings. — F. W. Finglesham is a hamlet in 
the par. of Northbourne, nr. Deal. — P., 43. 

FoLKSTONE. The Montpelier of England. — Dr. Harvey (in P., 13), 
who was a native. 

Folkstone washerwomen, i.e. the white clouds which commonly 
bring rain. — P., 44. 

There was a vale (whale) came down the flood, 
Folsteners couldn't catch 'un, but Doveres dud. — P., 16. 
i.e. Folkstone men, 

Fordwich trouts. — P., 46. On the Stour, Camb. Somner, p. 25. 

Frindsbury Clubs. — P., 47. Lambarde, p. 365. Harris, p. 128. 
A legend of a beating inflicted on the monks of Rochester. 

Let him set up shop on Goodwin Sands. — He. i.e. be shipwrecked. 
More thanks than there are pebbles on Goodwin Sands. — 
Don Quixote, by Philips, 1687. See Tenterden. 
Greenwich geese, i.e. pensioners. — Brady, V. of L., p. 53. 
He that rideth into the Hundred of Hoo,* 
besides pilfering seamen shall have dirt enoo — Holinshed. 

* District between Thames and Med way. 
Jesus Christ was never but once at Hever, 
and then He fell into the river. — Murray. Deep muddy roads. 
The Vale of Holmesdale [between Reigate and Sevenoaks] 
never won, nor never shall. — Lambard, 1596, p. 519. 
was never won, ne ever shall. — R. 
never conquer'd, never shall. — Murray. 

The Danes were beaten here, and the Men of Kent retained 
their ancient privileges under the Conqueror. 
Knole. The dome of Knole* by fame enroU'd, 

The Church of Canterbury, 
The hops, the beer, the cherries there. 
Would fill a noble story. 
• Near Sevenoaks. 



Long, lazy, lousy Lewisham. — Gr. Said to have been so called by 
James I. — Skeat. 

Margate. Margate kings. See Ramsgate. 

He that will not live long, 

let him dwell at Muston,* Tenham, or Tong. — Lambard. 

* Merstham. 
Cf. Bapchild. See Somerfield. 
NoRTHDOWN ale. In the Isle of Thanet. — P., 54- Ray, 312. 
The Mayor of Queenborough. 

The Recorder, Howell, appeared, and to avert the rule for 
an attachment alledged . . . the disorder that might 
happen in the City if the mayor were imprisoned. 
The C. J. put his thumb in his girdle, as his way was, 
and " Tell me of the mayor of London," said he ; " tell 
me of the mayor of Queenborough." — R. North, Life of 
Guildford, i. 114. 

And that which is the mischief of it, too, is to see the 
Codled fool take upon him in that tune [of drunkenness] 
and exercise his husbandly authority like a Mayor of 
Quenborow, and with as much discretion . . . nodding 
out his commands with less wit than a gander on a 
green. — C. Trenchfield, Cap of Gray Hairs for a Green 
Head, ch. 26. 1678. 

A Queenboro' Mayor behind his mace (ludicrous). — M. Green, 
The Spleen. 

A Rochester portion, i.e. two torn smocks and what Nature 
gave. — Gr. 

Ramsgate skinflints. — Murr. 

Ramsgate herrings, Peter's* lings, 

Broadstairs scrubs, and Margate Kings. — Murray. 

Indicating the poverty of all but the last, which from its 
London trade was wealthy. 

*Near N. Foreland. — Walcott. 

Like Rumney Marsh : hyeme malus, aestate molestus, nunquam 
bonus. — T. Adams, Wks., 388, 1629. Romney Marsh, S.E. 
of Dungeness, reclaimed from the sea, now very fertile. 

He thrives as well as a Welsh runt in Romney Marsh. — Ho., 

Neii/ Sayings, V. 

The world is divided into Europe, Asia, Africa, America, and 
Romney Marsh. A saying of the marshmen, alluding to 
the isolation of the district. — Murr. 

St. Michael's Mount who does not know, 

That wards the Western Coast ? 
And of St. Bridget's Bowre, I trow, 

All Kent can rightly boast ! — Spen., Shep. Cal., July, 41. 

Sandwich. See Tenterden. Sandwich carrots. — Murr. 

Conscience is drowned in Sandwich Bay, or Haven. — P., 56. 

VOL. I. 113 8 


St. Peter's [i^ m. N. of Broadstairs]. See Ramsgate. 

Starve 'em, Rob 'em, and Cheat 'em. i.e. Stroud, Rochester, and 
Chatham. — Gr. A saying in the mouths of the soldiers 
and sailors who were fleeced there. 

Sutton for mutton, [Sutton at Hone] 
Kirby for beef [Horton Kirby] 
South Darne for gingerbread [S. Darenthe] 
Dartford for a thief.* 

(All on the river Darent.) 
* The bridewell was in Lowfield St., Dartford. Wat Tyler began his insur- 
rection here by beating out the brains of the poll-tax collector {temp. Rich. II.). — 

Tenham (Teynham) [3 m. W.N.W. of Faversham]. See Merstham. 

Tenterden's . . . is the cause of the breach in . . . — F. W. 

Tenterton's steeple was cause of Goodwin's Sands. — CI. 

Of many people it hath been said, 

That Tenterden steeple Sandwich haven hath decayed. 

Kempe, Losely MS., Lottery Devises c. 1567, p. 211. 

. . before Tenterton steeple was in building, there was no 
manner of talking of any flats or sands that stopt up the 
haven ; and therefore I think that Tenterton steeple is the 
cause of the decay and destroying of Sandwich haven. — 
Quoted as the remembrance of an old man in Latimer, 

It was a wiser answer of him that, being demanded the cause of 
those shelves about Sandwich haven, said " It was the 
building of Tenterden steeple." — T. Adams, Med. on Creed: 
Wks., p. 1 154. 

When England (w)rings 

Thanet sings. — N. I., vi. 185. Murray, i.e. rejoices in its dry soil. 
The island, i.e. Thanet. 

Insula rotunda Thanatos quam circuit unda 
Fertilis et munda nulli est in orbe secunda. 

This formerly encircled the chancel of Monkton Church in 
the Isle of Thanet. — Murray. 

ToNG [5 m. W.N.W. of Faversham]. See Merstham. 

Wedged as close as wheatears in a Tunbridge pie. — Ned Ward, 

Step to Stivbitcli Fair : Whs., ii. 250. 

Between Wickham and Welling 

there 's not an honest man dwelling ; 

and I '11 tell you the reason why 

because Shooter's Hill is so nigh. — N. I., viii. 466. 

As a Thorn produces a Rose, so Godwin begat Editha. — P., 59. 
Harris, p. 416. Rapin, i., 131, notes. 

Fogge's feast. — P., 63. An ancient saying when any accident 
happens at an entertainment. From a dinner which came 
to grief at his house. 



At Betshanger* a Gentleman, at Fredvilef a Squire, 

at Bonington j a noble Knight, at ... a Lawyer. 

Lawyer is to be pronounced Lyer, as is common now in some 
counties. This relates to the worshipful family of the Bois's, 
of which four several branches were flourishing at once at 
those seats here mentioned. — P., 60. 
*4 m. W. of Deal, f 7 m. S.E. of Canterbury. | 6 m. W. of Hythe. 

Somerfield* shall quickly yield 
Scott's t Hall shall have a fall • 
Merstham Hatch]: shall win the match. 

Sir Egerton Brydges, Additions to Kent in ^^ Seats of Families." — F.W. 

* In Sellinge, the seat of the Gomeldons. 
t In Barbourne or Smeeth, seat of the Scotts. X Still the seat of the Knatchulls. 

Scot's Hall shall have a fall, 

Ostenanger was built in anger, 

Somerfield will have to yield, [near Maidstone] 

and Merstham Hatch shall win the match. 

Saturday Review, Feb., 1877. 

We all hang by a Hopbine, and according as that hopbine is full and 
strong, we are rich and prosperous. — Graphic, 24/9, '99. 

Cf. Hops make or break. 

Tnrfe. I 'd play hun 'gain a knight, or a good 'squire, 
Or gentleman of any other county 
In the kingdom. 
Pan. Outcept Kent, for there they landed 

All gentlemen and came in with the Conqueror. 

B. Jon., A Tale of a Tub, i. 2. 


Lancaschir. fair archer. — AfS. Harl. 

Lancastreshire fayre archere. —MS. Rawl. 

"Fair women" doth belong to Lancashire again. — Drayt. Pol., xxiii. 

Lancashire fair women, — F. W. 

(Pendle Hill) in Lancashire, where the witches use to be. — Ho. 

Lancashire witches (title of a play,* 1634.) — ^^^ ]'^^-i ^^^^ Devil is 
an Ass, i. i. 
*By Thomas Heywood and Brome. Not long before these plays were 
written fifteen women had been indicted and twelve condemned for witchcraft in 
Lancashire. — Note by Gifford. B. Jon., Wks. 

Ye lusty lasses then in Lancashire that dwell ; 
For beauty that are said to bear away the bell ; 
Your country's hornpipe ye so mincingly that tread. 
As ye the egg-pie love and Apple cherry-red. 

Drayt. Pol., xxvii. 65. 

A Welsh bitch makes a Cheshire cat, and a Cheshire cat makes a 
Lancashire witch ; " the harlot's progress in the factory 
towns." — N., IX., ii. 134. 



He that would take a Lancashire man at any time or tide 
must bait his hook with a good egg-pie or an apple with a red side. 

R., 1678. 
A foolish Fasting Day. ... I bade him stay till Lent, 
And now he whimpers he 'd to Rome forsooth ; 
That 's his last refuge, but would try awhile 

How well he should be used in Lancashire. — Middleton, Inney 
Temple Masque. 

The people, generally devout, are (as I am informed), Northward 
and by the West, Popishly affected, which in the other 
parts (intended by antiperistasis) are zealous Protestants. — 
F. W., Lane. 

Lancash. Parishes, See Characters of Districts. 

What Lancashire thinks to-day all England will think to-morrow. 
This was in the days of the Anti- Corn-Law League. Since 
then the initiative in political movements proceeds from 

Lancashire Cotton-lords. 

In Lancashire cotton is King. 

Oat-cake lads (operatives). — Harland and W°-, p. 239. 

Little lad, little lad, where wast thou born ? 
Far off in Lancashire under a thorn, 
Where they sup sour milk in a ram's horn. 

HIL, Pop. Rhy. 

If a Lancashire man wish to be ahead of a Yorkshireman he must 
be up at two o'clock in the morning ; but if a Yorkshireman 
wish to be ahead of a Lancashire man he musn't go to bed 
at all (an old saying). — C. W. Bardsley, Romance of London 
Directovy, p. io8. 

Lankies, on entering a room, either winter or summer, rush to the 
fire-place. — JV., V., viii. 226. 

Maria. Were I yet unmarried, free to choose 

Through all the tribes of men I would take Petruchio 
In 's shirt with one ten groats to pay the priest, 
Before the best man living or the ablest, 
That e'er leap'd out of Lancashire — and they are right ones. 

Fletcher, The Woman's Prize, i. 3. 

Lancashire law, 

no stake no draw. — Carr, Craven Gloss, p. 274. 

(An evasion of a bet lost that had been orally made — Hil.) 

C/., Stopford, in Cheshire. 

You are as necessary in a city as tumblers in Norfolk, sumners in 
Lancashire, or rakehells in an army. — Webster, West. Ho., 
iii. 2. 

Beyond Lawrence of Lancashire. — Field, A Woman is a Weathercock, 
1612; H., O. P. 

As rich as Cheetham of Castleton. — Har. and W"-, p. 192. 



Ashton-under-Lyne [6 m. E. of Manchester] . 
Proud Ash'on, poor people, 

ten bells, un' un owd crackt steeple. — Higson, Supplt. 
Ash'n fellows. — N ., V., viii. 226. See Oldham. 
Sweet Jesu, for Thy mercy sake, and for Thy bitter passion, 
save us from the axe of the Tower and from Sir Ralph of Assheton. 

Hll., Pop. Rhy. 

BiRKLE [S.E. Lane, 2 m. N.N.W. of Middleton.] 

Birtle (or Bircle) folk are a deal on 'em sib an' sib, rib an' rib, 
o' 00 a letter : Fittons an' Diggles an' Fittons an' Diggles 
o'er again. — H, and W". 

Black Comb (near Broughton-in-Furness). See Cumberland. 


Penny stood, Carling fled, and Red Bank ran away. 

(Travellers used to tie their horses to Penny Stone, near 
Blackpool, when they alighted to get a penny pot of 
ale at the public close by. It is now submerged. — 
Murr. Opposite to Norbrock, 2 m. N. of Blackpool.) 

Bolton [le Moors, 10 m. N. of Manchester]. 

1644, May 2. Bolton was taken. Colonel R. Forces Routed, 
and many a sweet Saint slain ; no quarter would be given, 
so that it arose into a Proverb, Bolton quarter, i.e. present 
death without mercy. — Ambrose, Media or Middle Things, 
Lon., 1650, 4to , p. 72 

As rough as a Bolton chap. — Murr. 

BowTON billies.- -iV., V., viii. 226. 

trotters. See Bolton. 

A chap fra Boughton, and a fella fra Wiggin. — N., VL, iii. 148. 

Bury [8 m. N.N.W. of Manchester]. 
Bury muffers. — N., V., viii. 226. 

cymblins. — N., V., viii. 226. ? Simbling cakes [simnels], 
eaten in Lancashire on Mid- Lent Sunday. 

Chawbent. See Chesh. (R., 1678, erroneously places it in Lane.) 
Childwall. See Preston. 

Like CoLNE* clock, always at one, i.e. always the same. Said of 
a steady person. — Harl. & Wn., p. 194. 

* nr. Blackburn. 
DiTTON. See Hutton. 

DowNHAM* diamonds. Crystals like Bristol "stones." — Murr. 

* 3 m. N.E. of Clitheroe. 

EccLES cakes [3 m. E. of Manchester]. — N., V., viii. 226. 

As thrang as Eccles wakes. — Haz., i.e. as crowded. 

Grinning like a clown thro' a horse collar at Eccles wake for 
a pound o' bacco. — Harl. & W"-, p. 193. 



Barton and Eccles they will not agree, 
For envy and pride is the reason you '11 see ; 
France with Spain and England are the same, 
And many more compose the ill-natur'd train. 

The History of Eccles and Barton'' s Contentious Guising War, 

by F. Harrington, 1778. 

Anderton jewels, i.e. duck-winged gamecocks. Anderton, temp. 
Henry VIII., fought a main with the Duke of Suffolk — the 
stakes being the tithes of Eccles. The Lancashire gentle- 
man, producing a magnificent duck-winged cock, observed : 

There is a jewel in England : 

For a hundred in hand and a hundred in land 

I '11 fight him against any cock in England. — Murr. 

EvERTON toffee [2 m. N. of Liverpool] . — IV., V., viii. 226. 

FuRNESS. The Polynesia of Furness. The numerous islands on 
the S. of the Peninsula in N.W. Lancash. — Murr. 

God made man, Man made money, 
God made bees, bees made honey ; 
But the devil his-sel made lawyers and 'turnies, 
And placed them at U'ston and Dawton* in Furness. 
Gibson, Hist. Soc. Lan. &= Chesh., i. 50. 
* Ulverston and Dalton. 

In High Furness it is said that the towns are finished, and the 
country unfinished. Hawkshead, the only town, has shown 
no increase in extent or population for centuries, and on 
the West borders of High Furness, where the Chapelry 
of Seathwaite extends along the bare side of the river 
Duddon, the scenery is remarkably wild and rugged. 
Wordsworth tells of a traveller who, after sleeping at 
Seathwaite, walked out before breakfast, and in answer 
to enquiries as to how far he had been, said he had been 
"as far as it is finished." — Harl''. & Wilk"-, Lane. Leg., 
p. 203. 

Gorton bulldogs [3 m. E.S.E. of Manchester]. — N., V., viii. 226. 
5^^ Manchester. 

Heywood [3 m. E. of Bury]. See Oldham. 

HuTTON an' Huyton, Ditton an' Hoo, [Higson, 57. 

are three of the merriest towns that e'er a man rode through. 

Huyton and Ditton (S.W. Lane, nr. Prescott), Hooton and 
Hoole (Cheshire). 

HuvTON [2. m. S.W. of Prescott], See Preston. 

KiRKHAM [6 m. N. of Preston]. 

Ace, deuce, tray, 
Landscales, go thy way. 

An estate at Goosnarth in this par. was lost at the game of Put 
(the name derived from the table being struck with the 
hand to show that the player "stands"). — Andrews, 
F. L. Rec. Cf. Wardhall in Cumbld. 



He has Lathom and Knowsley, i.e. more than enough. 

Lathom [S.W. Lane, 3 m. N.E. of Ormskirk] now belongs 
to Lord Skehiiersdale,t but formerly to the Earls of Derby, 
who are still proprietors of Knowsley [2 m. W.N.W. of 

fNow Earl of Lathom — Ed. 

There 's been worse stirs than that at Lathom. (Allusion to 
the havoc made by the Parliamentary troops in 1645 — an 
ironical remark on the house being bouleverse on washing- 
day.— Hd. & W. 

Layton. They shall have no more of our prayers than we of their 
pies, quoth the Vicar of Layton. — R., 1678. (? the parish 
on the W. coast in which Blackpool stands.) 

Leyland. Here thou shalt be, and here thou shalt stand, 

And thou shalt be called the Church of Leyland, 

A village, 4 m, N.W. of Chorley, whose church having 
been mysteriously removed the night after its com- 
pletion, this couplet was found written on a marble 
tablet in the wall.— Hll. 



Dicky Sam. 

Liverpool gentlemen. — N., V., viii. 226. 

Liverpool is mentioned as a port in Lady Bessy (Percy Soc, 
p. 287). 

The Modern Tyre. 

Manchester. Cottonopolis. 

Manchester man. — N ., V. viii. 226. 
Manchester bred 

long in the arms and short in the head. — Higson, 51. 
Cf. Chesh. and Derbysh. 
In Manchester, Cotton is King. 

The Manchester School (of Political Economy). 

See N., VH. xii. 
Gr. {p., Vulg. Tongue) gives Manchester as cant for the tongue. 
As long as Dean's Gate (corruptly for St. Dionise Gate). — F. W. 
As Irish as pigs in Shudehill market. — Haz. 

As thrang as Knott-Mill* fair. — Haz. 

"■■ Near Tormorden. 

The A^bbey Hey bulldogs drest in rags 
dar' no com' out to th' Gorton lads. 

(Villages between Ashton and Oldham.) 

The constable of Oppenshaw * sets beggars in stocks at 
Manchester. — R., 1678, under Chesh. 
*2 m. E. of Manchester. 

MiDDLETON* moones. — N., V. viii. 226. 

*6 m. N. of Manchester. 



Oldham fellows, nion. — TV., V., viii. 226. 

Dogs i' Owdam, pigs i' Ash'on. — Higson, 202. 
Owdham rough yeds, Bowton trotters, Smo'bridge 

Cossacks [chap], Heywood monkey-teawn. — Harld.&W°., 196. 
In Oldham brewis wet and warm, 
and Rochdale puddings there's no harm. — Higson, 212. 

Openshaw. See Manchester. 

Ormskirk (W. Lane.) gingerbread. — N., V,, viii. 226. 

Pendle Hill, near Clitheroe (1851 feet high). 

As old as Pendle Hill. (In Lancashire, where the witches use 
to be.)— Ho. R, i678. 

When Pendle wears it's woolly cap 
the farmers all may take a nap. 

Harld. & W^, p. 189. 

Pilling Moss. As inexhaustible as Pilling Moss. — Murr. 

Never done like Pilling Moss. — H. & W. 

God's grace and Pilling Moss are boundless. — Higson. 

I am informed that Pilling Moss is the fountain of fuel in this 
county, and is conceived inexhaustible by the vicinage. 
May it prove so. But if it should chance to fail, may 
God's grace (which the vulgar, in their profane proverb, 
unequally yoke therewith) — 1 say, may God's grace never 
be drained to those that stand in need thereof. — F. W. 
See Manners and Customs of Westmorland, p. 564. 

Once a wood, then a sea ; 

Now a moss, and e'er will be. — Higson, 81. 

It is situated near Fleetwood, and is now nearly reclaimed, 
though still a great breeding ground for seagulls. 

Preston. Proud Preston, poor people, 

high church, and low steeple. — JV., I., vi. 496. 

fine no ... . — Hll. 

old new . . . . — Long Ago, i. 277. 

built a no ... . — N., VII., viii. 56. 

Preston for panmugs, Huyton for pride, 

Childwall for tolling, and playing beside. — Higson, 36. 

Prescot, Huyton, and merry Childow, 

Three parishes churches all in a row. 

Prescot for mugs, Huyton for ploydes,* 

Childow for ringing and singing besides. 

Harl. and Wilk., p. 182. 
* Ploys, merry meetings ? or ploughs. 

P.P. The Paschal Lamb with these letters [Princeps Pacis] 
forms the shield of the town's armorial bearings. A loftier 
tower was erected in 1815, and a new church in 1853. 

Preston was the residence of genteel families in days of yore ; 
" the resort of well-born but ill-proportioned and ill-endowed 
old maids and widows." 




Quern. [Quern Moor, 3 m. S.E. of Lancaster.] 

Do as they do at Quern, 

What we do not to-day we must do in the morn. 

R., 1678. 
Radcliffe nippers [3 m. S.S.W. of Bury].— AT., V., viii. 226. 

RiBCHESTER [5 m. N.N.W. of Blackburn, on theRibble. Supposed 
to be the Roman station]. — Camden, Brit. 
It is written upon a wall in Rome : 
** Ribchester was as rich as any town in Christendom." — F. W. 

Strafforello prints " Robchester," perhaps not without signifi- 
cation. — Rerigonium. H. & W., 207. 

RiviNGTON. If Riving[ton] pike do wear a hood, 

Be sure that they will ne'er be good. — R., 1670. 
In par. of Bolton. 

Rochdale. See Oldham. 

Ratchdaw fellies. — N., V., viii. 226. 
gawbies. — lb. 

Seathwaite [7 m. W.S.W. of Hawkshead]. 

Newfield and Nettleslack, Hollinhouse, and Longhouse, 
Turner Hall, and Undercrag, Beckhouse Thrang, and 

Browside, Troutwell, Hinginghouse, Dalehead and Cockley 

You may gedder o t'wheeat they growe and niver fill a beck. — 


(The high grounds are all sheep- pasturee.) 

A Seathwaite candle is a greased seeve. — Id. 

Hot and wet, like Seathwaite broth. — Id., i.e., weak and tasteless, 
made from dried mutton. 

We've neeah back dooers i' Seethet, i.e. the front serves for 
high and low. 

Smallbridge [2 m. N.E. of Rochdale], See Oldham. 

We 're o' 00 a litter like kitter pigs, i.e. the pigs of the sand- 
knockers of Smallbridge. -Harl. and W". 

SouTHPORT [7 m. N.W. of Ormskirk]. 
The English Montpellier. — Murr. 

Stretford [3 m. S.W. of Manchester]. 

Stratford black puddings. — N., V., viii., 226. 
The following points in the same direction : 

Traveller. " What is the name ot this place ? " 

Answer. "Stretford." 

Traveller. "What! Stratford-upon-Avon?" 

Answer. " No ! Hell-upon-Earth." 

Warrington ale. — Murr. N., V., viii. 226. 



WiGAN. Fellas from Wigan. See Bolton. 

Maudlin maudlin we begun, 

and built t' church steeple t' wrang side on. — Higson, 198. 

(The steeple is built on the north side at the junction of nave 

and chancel.) 
'* Here 's to the Mayor of Wigan, that is our noble selves." A 

toast while glasses are touched before drinking.— N., VIIL, 

xi. 187. 

WiNwiCK [4 m. N. of Warrington] . 

On this hill a church shall be built, and the name of it shall be 
called Winwick. 

[The church of Little Winwick.] 

And as for good old Winwick church, 

It stands upon the sod ; 
And when a maid goes to be wed 

The steeple gives a nod. — Higs. H. & W. 
The site of the church on the spot where St. Oswald, King of 
the Northumbrians, was killed, is said to have been deter- 
mined by a pig. — H. & W., p. 76. 


Of the Duddon and other streams in N. Lancash. a local expression 
states that 

" Up with a shower, 
Down in an hour." 

Harld. & W.,Lan. Leg., p. 189. 

The Hodder, the Calder, the Ribble, and rain 
all meet together in Mitton's domain.* — Murr. 
. All join'd together can't carry a bean. fIarld.&W°,, p. 185. 
* i.e., on the Yorksh. border. (Not Milton, as given by Haz.) 
Kent and Keer [Murr. 

have parted many a good man and his meere [mare]. — Higson, 104 ; 

Two rivers emptying into Morecambe Bay, and subject to 
sudden floods and shifting sands. The Keer enters on 
the sands in a broad rapid current. C/. Westmorland. 

Yoke, Irwell, Medlock, and Fame, 

when they meet with the Mersey do lose their name. — Higson, 91. 

Whenas wars are aloft 
safe is he that 's at Christ's Cross, 
and where should Christ's Cross be ? 
but betwixt Ribble and Mersey. 

W. W., Nezi/ Help to Discourse, p. 114, 1659. 

When all England is aloft 
weel are they that are in Christ's Croft, 
and where should Christ's Croft be 
but between Ribble and Mersey ? — Higson. 
Cf. Blest is the eye 

between Severn and Wye (a well- guarded position). 




Leycetershire full of benys. — MS. Rawl. 

Leicesterschir full of benys. — MS. Harl. 

Bean-belly Leicestershire. — F.W. ; Drayt. Pol., xxiii. See Haz., p. 8i. 

her attribute doth bear. — Dray. 

Shake a Leicestershire yeoman by the collar [shoulders — E.] 
and you shall hear the beans rattle in his belly. — F. W. 
The answer is — 
*' Yoi, lad, but 'ew doost ?" i.e. durst. — Evans. 

Cornwall squab-pie, and Devon white-pot brings, 
And Leicester beans and bacon fit for [food of] Kings. 

King, Art of Cookery. 

A Leicestershire plover, i.e. a bag-pudding, — R,, 1678. 

Leicestershire for spires, 

and Northamptonshire for squires. — Haz., 2nd Edn. 

What have I to do with Bradshaw's windmill ? — R., 1678 ; i.e. other 

men's affairs ? — E. 
He is none of the Hastings. — He., Dr. Spoken of " a slow coach." 

The reference is to the family of the E. of Huntingdon, 

whose seat was near Ashby de la Zouch. Cf. Sussex. 
Of kin to the Hastings (Obstinatio). — CI. 
Stilton cheese is mostly made in Leicestersh., tho' it takes its name 

from a par. in Hunts. 
He has gone over Assfordy bridge backwards — R., 1678; i.e. Ash- 

fordby or Asfordby, 3 m. W. of Melton. 
Spoken of one that is past learning — R. ; one who puts the 
cart before the horse in word or deed — E. 

Bedworth beggars. — G. See Warwicksh. 
Belgrave [i m. N. of Leicester]. See Mount Sorrel. 

The same again, quoth Mark of Belgrave. — R., 1678. A militia 
officer who was so abashed on parade that only in this way 
could he repeat his commands. — E. 

Beyer. If Bever [Belvoir] have a cap [7 m. S.W. of Grantham] 
You churles of the vale, look to that. — F. W, 
E. reads "wears" for have, adding: " I have little doubt that 
when an Albini or a Ros wore his cap in the Manor Court, 
or rode out from his castle-gates either to the chase, the 
Council, or the battle, there was good cause for the churls 
of the vale to look to it." 

When mist doth rise from Belvoir Hole, 

Oh, then be sure the weather's foul. — Haz., p. 477. 

BiLLESDON. In and out, 

like Billesdon, I wot. — R., 1678. 

A scattered, irregular village between Leicester and Uppingham, 
" noted for the crookedness of its main thoroughfare." — E. 

BiRSTALL. See Mount Sorrel. 



Brentingby. Brentingby* pancheons and Wyfordby f pans, 

Stapleford j organs and Burton § ting-rangs [bells]. 

N., VL, ii. 514. 

* 3 m. E. of Melton. + 2 m. E. of Melton. t 4 m. E.S.E. of Melton. 
§ Burton Lazars, 2 m. S.E. of Melton. 

Brixghupst [2 m. W. of Rockingham]. See Rutlandsh. 

BuRROUGH-men merry, more bread than drink. — CI. 

Maza esurenti auro charior (James). — CI. 

Bread for Borough-men. — R., 1678. 

E. refers this to some special privileges enjoyed by " borough- 
men " in towns such as Hinckley, divided into "borough 
and bond." 

Burrow is 5 m. S. of Melton. — Murr. 

Burton Lazars. 5^^ Brentingby. 

Carleton Curlieu [8 m. S.E. of Leicester]. 

Carleton wharlers (from their harsh speech). — F.W. 

harlers. — G. Cf. the Newcastle burr. 

An inability to pronounce an " r." — F.W. 

[The inhabitants] have an ill-favoured, untunable, and harsh 
manner of speech, fetching their words with very much 
adoe deepe from out of the throat, with a certain kind of 
wharling. — Holland's Camden, p. 327 ; Fuller, Ch. Hist., 
HL, v. 6; A Pisgah-Sighf, 11., ix. i. 

Glen Magna [6 m. S.E. of Leicester]. 
At Great Glen 

there are more great dogs than honest men. — R., 1678. 
A reference to the number of inmates in Glen " Industry." — E. 


Then I '11 thatch Groby [or Grooly] pool with pancakes. — F.W. 

This is what A announces that he will do in case B succeeds 
in doing what A 's superior judgment considers impossible. 
It is the largest sheet of water in the county (E.), 
variously estimated at 40 and 80 acres, fronting Stewards- 
bury and 5 m. N.W. of Leicester. 

For his death there is many a wet eye in Groby pool. — R., 1678. 
i.e. eyot or little isle, implying that no tears are shed by his 
friends, so that it is a general prophecy. 

Whene'er a wan o' em doys ther's baound to be wet oys i* 
Grewby Pule. — E. 


I '11 throw you into Harborough field. — R., 1678. (A threat to 

A goose will eat up all the grass that grows in Harborough field. 

The town of Market Harboro' has no lands appertaining to it. 
— Murr. 



HiGHAM-ON-THE-HiLL,* Stoke in the Vale,t 
Wykin | for buttermilk, Hinckley for ale. — Hll. 

* 3 m. W.N.W. of Hinckley. t ? Stoke Gelding, 3 m. N.W. of Hinckley. 

X 2 m. N.W. of Hinckley. 

Hinckley [12 m. S.W. of Leicester]. 
The last man that he kill'd 

keeps hogs in Hinckley field [spoken of a coward]. — R., 1678. 
Markfield.— E. 

A boaster of the Ancient Pistol type. — E. 

Hog's Norton. Hog's Norton, 

where pigs play on the organ. 

This arose from some pigs having ate up a bed of pennyroyal 
or organs. — See Haz. E. refers it to a snorer. 

You were born at Hog's Norton, i.e, are a boor or boar. F. W. 
says a corr. of Hoch N" — G. 


There be more whores in Hose than honest women in Long 
Clawson — Haz. ; i.e. Claxton, 6 m. N.N.W. of Melton 
Mowbray. Hose is likewise the name of an adjacent 


Rasours de Leycestre. — Douce MS., 13th Cy. 

LocKiNGTON Wake. [In the N. angle of the county on the confines 
of Derby and Nottingham.] 
Put up your pipes and go to Lockington Wake. — G. 

Melton Mowbray. Pork pies. 

Mount Sorrel. 

He leaps like a Belle giant or devil of Mount Sorrel. — R., 1678 ; 
n. Haz., 168. 

Mount Sorrel he mounted at, 

Rodely (Rothley) he rode by, [i m. S.W. of Mount Sorrel] 

Onelip (Wanlip) he leap'd o'er, [4 m. N. of Leicester] 

at Birstall he burst his gall, [3 m. N. of Leicester] 

and Bellgrave he was buried at.f [i m. N. of Leicester] 

N., L, v. 6ig. 
t This is founded on the legend of Bell, a giant who took three tremendous 
leaps, commencing at Mount Sorrel, where he mounted his sorrel horse, thence 
making one jump of it to Wanlip !one leap). He then leapt a second mile to 
Birstall, where, with the force of the shock, he burst himself and his horse, but 
he managed even then to leap one more mile, as far as Belgrave, where, as the 
name implies, he was buried. — Murr. 


We '11 do as they do at Quern ; 

what we do not to day, we must do in the morn. — R., 1678. 

We must dew as the' dew at Quern ; * 
what we don't dew to dee, we mut dew i' th' morn. — E. 
* ? Quorn, 2 m. N.W. of Mount Sorrel. 

RoTHLEY. See Mount Sorrel. 



Stapleford. See Brentingby. 

Stoke. See Higham. 

Talbot Wood and Talbot Lane 

is all that 's left of Talbot's name. — In Charnwood Forest. 

Sir John Talbot, of Swannington, d. 1365. — E. 
Wan LI p. See Mount Sorrel. 
Wyfordby. See Brentingby. 
Wykin. See Higham. 


[Holland, S.E ; Kesteven, S.W. ; Lindsey, N. of both.] 

Lincolnshir men full of miztes. — Rel. Ant., i. 269 (Harl MS. 7371). 

Holond, full of grete dykes. — Rel. Ant., ii, 41 (Leland by Hearne, 
V. Int.). 

Holland, full of dikes.— M5. Harl. MS. Rawl. 

Holland waits = frogs. — White, E. Eng. See Bagpipes, below. 

Down to the drowned lands of Lincolnshire. — B. Jon., Sad Shep. 

Yellow belly. A person born in the fens of Lincolnshire. — Line, Hll. 
Said to be in allusion to the eels which abound in the fen 
ditches. — G. Did. 

Yalla belly, South Lincolnsh. — Peacock, Gloss. 

Lincolnshire for hogs. Sec Chesh. 

In Lincolnshire 

the sow s . . tes soap, the cow s . . tes fire. 

For they wash with one and make fire with the other. — Ho. 
A similar use of the latter is made in India for pastilles. 


where hogs s . . te soap and cows s . . te fire. — R., 1670. 

And "Bells and bagpipes next belong to Lincolnshire." — Drayt.Po/. 

The sweet ballad of the Lincolnshire bagpipes. Three Lords 
and time Ladies of London. By W. R., 1590. — Ho., P., 
vi. 393- 

Lincolnshire bagpipes. — F. W., who treats this an serieux. I 
should be disposed to refer it to the frogs. Cf. Holland 
waits, above, and Shak., i H. IV., i. 2 — As melancholy as 
the drone of a Lincolnsh. bagpipe. 

A Lincolnshire pudding, i.e. sausage. — A Shrove Tuesday Banquet, 

The honestest thieves of all come out of Lincolnshire ; they 're the 
kindest natured gentlemen ; they '11 rob a man with con- 
science ; they have a feeling of what they go about, and will 
steal with tears in their eyes. Ah ! pitiful gentlemen. — 
Middleton, Mad World, ii. 5. 



Lincolnshire is famous for "squarsons," i.e. beneficed clergy who 
from the fatness of their livings, or from their also enjoying 
family estates, have the revenues and status of squires as well 
as parsons. 

This county carries away the bell for round-ringing from all in 
England, though other places may surpass it for changes, 
more pleasant for the variety thereof. — F. W., p, 152. 

Lincolnshire is late, but it is loyal. — George IIL; N., VI., i, 475. 

No county [affords] worse houses or better churches. It addeth to 
the wonder that seeing in this soft county a diamond is as 
soon found as a flint, their churches are built of polished 
stones ; no natives but naturalised from foreign parts. I hope 
the inhabitants of this shire will endeavour to disprove the 
old prov. " The nearer to the church, the farther from God,' 
because they have substituted a better in the room thereof, 
viz., "The further from stone, the better the churches." — 
F. W., p. 151 ; and see Character of Districts. 


Well is the man 

'twixt Trent and Witham [thedist.of Lindsey]. 

N., I., vi. 496. 

Thus to her proper song the burthen still she bare [i.e. Witham] 
" Yet for my dainty pikes I am without compare." — Drayt. Pol., xxv. 

Ankham [Ancholme] eel and Witham pike 
in all England is none like. 

G. Markham, Eng. Husb., ii. 22. 1635. 

Thence to Witham, having read there 
That the fattest eels was bred there. — Brathwait, Barn. 
I tin., iii. 

Witham pike 

England hath none like. — F. W. 

[In that river that runneth by Lincoln.] 

Wytham eel and Ancum pike 

in all the world there is none syke. 

Selden, n. to Drayton, Polyolh. 

The Anchohr.e falls into the H umber ; the Witham runs by 
Grantham and Boston to the Wash. 

As Kesteven doth boast her Witham, so do I 

My Ancum (only mine), whose fame as far doth fly 

For fat and dainty eels as hers doth for the pike 

Which makes the proverb up, the world hath not her like. 

Lindsey, loquitur, Drayt. Pol., xxv. 

Nene and Welland 

shall drown all Holland [i.e. the rich district lying between them, ex- 
tending from Boston to Spalding].— ;■ White, East. Eng., i. 272. 

Barholme [3 m. W.N.W. of Market Deeping.]. See Deeping. 



Belton [i m. N. of Epworth]. As fond as the men of Belton 'at 
hinged a sheap for stealing a man. — Peacock, Lincolnshire 

Baston [3 m. N.N.W. of Mt. Deepg.] . See Deeping. 

Bloxham. He was born at Bloxham (a dull, heavy, blundering 
person). — F. W., 165. 

Boston. Boston, Boston, 

what hast thou to boast on ? 

high steeple, 

proud people, 

and shoals that souls are lost on. 

Athenauni) 10/3, '73. 

Boston, Boston, Boston, 
thou hast nought to boast on 
but a grand sluice and a high steeple, 
a proud, conceited, ignorant people, 
and a coast where souls are lost on. 
W. Chapman, The Witham and the Welland, 1800, 8vo. 

Boston stump. The tower of the church. A landmark. — 
White, E. E., i. 
Said to look, at a distance, like the trunk of a tree deprived of 
its branches. 

Though Boston be a proud town, 
Skirbeck compasseth it round [the outlying parish]. 
" Minute Book of the Spalding Soc." [c. 1730], p. 73 ; 
in Nichols' Bihliotheca Topographica Britannica, IIL 
Between Boston's bay 
and the Pile of Fouldray 

shall be seen the black navy of Norway. — Higson, 133. 
[i.e. the Peel of Fourdray, near Furness, Lancash.] 

Bourn [32 m. S.S.E. of Lincoln]. See Deeping. 

Bourn for a whore. See Peterboro' in N. Hants. 

Crowland Abbey, in S. Line. [6 m. from Peterborough] . See 
Ramsey in Hunts. 

All the carts that come to Crowland are shod with silver. — 
F. W. i.e. no horse could traverse such rotten land before 
the roads were gravelled. 

Venice and Crowland, sic canibus catulos, may count their 
carts aUke. — F. W. 

Deeping [40 m. S.S.E. of Lincoln]. 

Deeping, and Deeping, and Deeping in row, 
Tallington, Uffington, Barholme and Stow, 
At the White House at Greatford* there you must turn 
to Langtoft, Baston, Thurlby and Bourn. f — A^., IV., v. 13. 

Deeping for a roguct See Peterboro' in N. Hants. 
* 6 m. N.E. ol Stamford, t All villages on the Glen near Market Deeping. 



Poor Gainsborough, proud people, [15 m. N.W. of Lincoln] 
built a new church to an old steeple [1740]. — White, E. E., ii. 41. 

GosBERTON church is very high, [5 m. N. of Spalding] 

Surfleet church is all awry. 

Pinchbeck church is in a hole, 

and Spalding church is big with foal. — N., L, vii. 143. 

Grantham [22 m. S.S.W. of Lincoln]. 

Grantham gruel, nine grits and a gallon of water. — F. W. 
See N., IIL, ii. 133 ; Scott, Heart of Midi., ch. xxix. 

'Tis height makes Grantham steeple stand awry — F. W. 
(Extremely slender.) 

His beard is cut like the spire of Grantham steeple. — Lodge, 

Wifs Mis., p. 8. 
Quite awry like Grantham steeple. — Middleton, Blacke Book, 1604. 
A little fall will make the salt [cellar] look like Grantham 

steeple with his cap to the alehouse. — Dekker, The Oivles 

Almanack, p. 39, 161 8. 

O Grantham ! Grantham ! these wonders are thine, 
a lofty steeple and a living sign. 

A hive of bees once served as the sign of an inn. — Cheales. 
One of the Perils of " the Great North Road.'' 

Laroun de Gran[t]ham. — Douce MS. 98, 13th Cy. 

Grayingham [9 m. N.E. of Gainsboro']. See Northorpe. 

Greatford [5 m. N.E. of Stamford]. See Deeping. 

Grimsby. Morue de Grimesby. — Douce MS. 98, 13th Cy. Still 
famous cod fishery. 

HoLBEACH. If you Want to know what Kentucky is like, go and 
live at Holbeach [S.E. Line.]. — White, i. 270. 

Holbeach* pots, Whaplodef pans, 

MoultonJ organs, Weston|| ting-tangs (of the ch. bells). 
Higson, 214; Stamford Mercury, 7/9, '66. 

* 7^ m. E. of Spalding. t 5^ m. E. of Spalding. 3: 5 m. E. of Spalding. 

II 4 m. E. of Spalding. 

Hatton [7 m. N.W. of Horncastle]. 

The poor Hatton people 

sold the bells to build up the steeple. — Br. 

Kelsey [23I m. N.E. of Lincoln]. See Owersby. 

KiRTON [6 m. S.W. of Brigg]. See Northorpe. 

Kyme [6 m. E.N.E. of Sleaford, in the Fens]. [_See Appendix.] 
Kyme, God knows. — N., I., iii. 340; VHL, vii. 386. 
It 's Kyme, God knows, 
Where no corn grows, 
And very little hay, 
And if there come a wet time 
It weshes all away. 

VOL. I. 129 9 


Langtoft [2 m. N.W. of Mt, Deeping]. See Deeping. 

Legsby [3^ m. S.E. of Market Rasen]. 

A thack church and a wooden steeple, 
a drunken parson and wicked people. 

Lincoln was [CI.], London is : York shall be 

the fairest city of the three. — Brome's Travels, 1700. 

5^^ under York and Canterbury. 

Lincoln (going to be hanged). 

This the old proverb now complete doth make 
That Lincoln should be hang'd for London's sake. 

Siy Thos. More (a play), 1590, Shak. Soc, p. 35. 

There is a Proverb, part of which is this : 
They say that Lincoln was and London is. 

Taylor, Pierce Penniless. 

Lincoln was, London is, and York shall be (a worm-eaten prov.). 
— T. Dekker, Wonderful Year, 1603. 

Drap blanc de Nicole. — Dits de I'Apostoile, 13th Cy. 

Pegge, Anon., p. 297, observes that Lincoln was turned by 
the Normans into Nicole, and he instances the con- 
version of "1" into "n" in Boulogne, Bologna, from 
Bononia. Is there any reference to Old Nick in the 
proverb ? ' 

Escarlet de Nicole. — Douce MS. 98, 13th Cy. 

Lyncoln green. — Lytell Geste of Robyn Hood, 1440. 

Who sees so pleasant plains or is of fairer seen. 
Whose swains in shepherd's grey and girls in Lincoln green. 

Drayton, Polyolb., xxv. 261. 
Haec sunt Lincolnae, bow, bolt, et bellia bolne, 
Ad monstrum scala, rosa bryghta, nobilis ala, 
Et bubulus flatus, haec sunt staura cuntotis. 

Characteristics of Towns. MS., Trin. Coll., Camb., 13'th Cy. 

Rel. Ant., ii. 178. 

As loud as Tom of Lincoln. — F. W. The great cathedral bell, 
now recast. 

As near akin as the cates of Banbury to the bells of Lincoln. — 

A Knack to Know a Knave ; H., O.P. 
There 's another tinker dead at Lincoln (said when an ass 

brays). — Peacock, Ltnc. Gloss. 

He lookt o'er me as the devil lookt o'er Lincoln. — CI. i.e. over- 

Torve, torviter. Sternly, sourly, grimly, as the devil should 

look over Lincoln. — Withals, Shoii Diet., 1608. 
Intuetur Cyclopicum. — Withals, Short Diet., 161 6. 
He looks as the devil over Lincoln. — F. W. i.e. enviously. 

Than wold ye loke over me with a stomakke swolne, 
Like as the divell lookt over Lincoln. — He., Dial., H. ix. 



'Tis you I fain would see, 

'Tis you I only think on : 
My looks as kind shall be 
As the devil 's over Lincon. 

Love Poems (Ballad Soc, ed. Furnivall.) 
A small figure of the devil with a witch on his shoulders 
serving as a gurgoyle on the S.E. porch of the cathedral 
is the reputed original. 
Some men seyn )?at ponder of temporal godes makes these freris 
to owverloke ])0 law of hor God, as dogges lokes ofer 
towarde Lincolne and litel sees j^eroff. — Wyclif, Eng. Wks.y 
iii. 236. De Vita Sacerdotum. 

From Lincoln Heath. Where should 'un ? 
From Lincoln Heath, God help 'un ! 

T.he answer given according as the cherry crop is good or 
no. — N., L, i. 422. 

A resident denies there being such a prov. — AT., L, iii. 340. 

LuDDiNGTON [i2 m. N.W. of Brigg]. 
Luddington, poor people, 
built a brick church to a stone steeple. — N., L, vi. 496. 

or [with a stone church and a wooden steeple. — Br.] 

Peacock, Line. Gloss. 

Marham. They hold together as the men of Marham when they 
lost their common. — F. W. 
Though this prov. be frequent in the shire, Marham is in 
Norfolk.— F. W., n. Marham Cherry [West Norfolk], 
7 m. N. of Downham. 
[A play on the words Mar 'em]. 

Marton Port [5^ m. S.E. of Gainsboro']. 

Marten's (Port) crackt pancheons and Torksey*' egg-shells, 
Saxilbyt ding-dongs and Stow-Mary bells. — Br. 
* g| m. N.W. of Lincoln. f 6 m. N.W. of Lincoln. 

MouLTON [5 m. E. of Spalding |. See Holbeach. 

Northorpe [7 m. N.E. of Gainsboro']. 

Northap rise, and Grayingham fall, [496. 

Kirton yet shall be greater than all [Lindsey]. — N., L, vi. 

OwERSBY [4 m. N.W. of Market Rasen]. 

Owersby's parish, wicked people, 
sold their bells to Kelsey* to build a steeple. — Br. 
* 23^ m. N.E. of Lincoln. 

Pinchbeck [2 m. N.N.W. of Spalding]. See Gosberton. 

Saxilby [6 m. N.W. of Lincoln]. See Marton. 

ScARTHO [suburb of Grimsby]. 

Poor Scartho people 

sold their bell to repair the steeple. — Br. 



Skirbeck. See Boston. 

Spalding. See Gosberton ; also Ramsey in Huntingdonsh. 

Spilsby. To go to Spilsby, i.e. to be ruined. — Torr. Said at 
tables when losing. — T. 

Stamford. Drap de Estanfort. — Dits de VApostoile, 13th Cy. 
Hauberge de Estanford. — Douce MS. 98, 13th Cy. 
Cake de Estannford. — Douce MS. 98, 13th Cy. 
Stamford for poor. See Peterboro' in N. Hants. Cf. Braith- 

wait, Barn. Itin., iii. 
Doctrinse studium quod nunc viget ad vada Bourn, 
Tempore venturo celebrabitur ad vada Saxi. 

Science, that now o'er Oxford spreads her ray, 

Shall bless fair Stamford at some future day. — N., L, viii. 616. 

Burleigh House by Stamford town. — Tennyson. [Seat of 
Marquess of Exeter.] 

As mad as the baiting bull of Stamford. — F. W. Traced to 
K. John's time. Earl Warren gave the Castle Meadows as 
a common to the butchers of the town on condition of their 
providing a bull to be chased thro' it in November. 

AH uphill and downhill, like the way between Stamford and 
Beechfield. — T. Nash, Have with you to Saff. Wal., [Epist., 
Wed.] 1596. 

Thence to ancient Stamford came I, 

Where are penceless purses many 

Neatly wrought as does become them — 

Less gold in them than is on them : 

Clawbacks more do not assail me 

Than are beggars swarming daily. — Barn. Itin., iii. 

Stow [5 m. N.E. of Stamford]. See Deeping. 

Stow-Mary. See Marton. 

SuRFLEET [4 m. N. of Spalding]. See Gosberton. 

Long Sutton \_i\.l m. S.E. of Holbeach]. See Somerset. 

Tallington [4 m. E. of Stamford]. See Deeping. 

Thurlby [2 m. S.S.E. of Bourne] See Deeping. 

ToRKSEY [9f m. N.W. of Lincoln]. See Marton. 

Uffington [2 m. E. of Stamford]. See Deeping. 

Weston [3 m. N.E. of Spalding]. See Holbeach. 

Whaplode [2 m. W. of Holbeach]. See Holbeach. 

Whitten's Town End [village on S. Bank, of Humber, 10 m. W. 
of Barton]. 

At Whitten's town end, brave boys, at Whitten's town end 
at every door there sits a whore at Whitten town end. 

A. De la Pry me, Diary, 1697 (Surtees Soc), p. 139. 

Witham. He was born at Little Witham. — F. W. Not very 
bright. — Scott, Heavt of Midln., xxxii. See Rivers. 




Middelsex full of strives.— M5. Harl. 
Middlesex ful of stryves. — MS. Rawl. 

Middlesex for sin. See Derbyshire and Cheshire. 

A Middlesex clown (colonus). — F. W, i.e. less servile than the 
rustic, or more conspicuously contrasted there with the 
gentry. Is this the prototype of our " rough " of the 
present day ? 

To claw worse than a Middlesex bailiff. — Franck, Northern Memoirs, 
1694, P- 79- 

Thou that goest upon Middlesex juries and wilt make haste to give 
up thy verdict because thou wilt not lose thy dinner. — 
Middleton, A Tricke to Catch the Old One, iv. 5. 

Brentford [7 m. W.S.W. of London] . 

As dirty as old Brentford at Christmas. — Farquhar, Beaux Stmt. 
Like the two Kings of Brentford, smelling at one nosegay. — 

Sheffield Duke of Buckingham, Rehearsal, ii. 2. 
The wise woman of Brentford. — Shak., M.W.W., iv. 5. 
His face was like the Red Lion of Brentford (the Inn sign).— Gr. 
You might ride to Brentford upon it. Said of a dull-edged 

knife. — Haz. 

Brockley Hill [2 m. N.N.W. of Edgware, near the Roman 
Sulloniacae on Watling Street]. Coins are supposed to lie 

No heart can think, nor tongue can tell 

what lies between Brockley Hill and Pennywell [nr.EIstree, Herts]. 
Stukely, Itin. Cur., i. 118. 1776. 2nd. Ed. 

Bromley St. LeoNARo's [3 m. E.N.E. of St. Paul's, on river 

Go, ride upon St. Leonard's saddle. (A speech to a barren 
woman. The saddle was kept at Bromley, in Essex.) — 
Ho., who has named in error the adjoining county. 

Haggerston [2 m. N.E. of St. Paul's]. 

Esselie de Ogerston (? aisselie, carpentry). — Douce MS., 13th Cy. 

Harrow on the Hill [ii m. W.N.W. of St. Paul's]. See 
Public Schools. [_^See Appendix.] 

The Visible Church. The church standing on the summit of a 
hill and having a very high spire, they tell us. King 
Charles II., ridiculing the warm disputes among some 
critical scripturalists concerning the Visible Church upon 
earth, used to say, " This was it." — De Foe, Totir thro' 
Gt. Brit., ii. 214. 

Highgate [5 m. N.N.W. of St. Paul's]. See Ware in Herts, and 
Dunstable in Beds. 

As high as Highgate hill.— S. Wesley, Maggots, p. 147. 1685. 



He has been sworn at Highgate. See A Journey Through 
England in 1752. 

We are forbidden at Highgate to kiss the maid when we may 
kiss the mistress. — De Foe, Everybody'' s Business, p. 21. 1727. 

I '11 make him water his horse at Highgate, i.e. I '11 sue him 
and make him take a journey up to London. — R., 1678. 
A North-country saying. — G. 

'Tis further from London to Highgate than from Highgate to 
London. — Ho., Ne^v Say^- i. Cf. Italy, Vicenza- Verona. 


Pymlico, ov runne Redcap ; 'tis a Mad World at Hogsden. — 
Roxh. Ballads, ed. Collier, p. 155. Title of a Tract printed 
in 1609. 

SiON House [7^ m. W.S.W. of London, nr. Brentford]. Site of a 
convent, called Mount Sion, of Bridgettines, founded 1414. 
The nun of Sion with the friar of Sheen [in Surrey] 
went under the water to play the quean. — Ho. 
i.e. by a tunnel under the Thames. 

Strand [on the] Green [on the Thames, r m. E. of Brentford], 
thirteen houses, fourteen cuckolds, and never a house between. — Ho. 

(For the father and the son both lay in one house.)— Ho. 
Tottenham [5 m. N.N.E. of St. Paul's]. 

Tottenham is turned French. — He., Dial., i. 7. See my n. 
Haz., 437. 

The swarming of French mechanics into England about the 
beginning of the reign of Hen. VIH., which caused the 
insurrection in London, May 15 17, is alluded to. This 
neighbourhood in particular caught the infection of 
French manners. — Wm. Bedwell, Descr"- of Tottenham, 
c. 3. 

When Tottenham Wood is all on fire 

then Tottenham Street is nought but mire. — F. W. 
A weather prognostic. The Wood covered many hundred 
acres on the top of the high hill at the W. end of the 
parish, and when smoke or fog lay upon it appeared to 
be on fire. 

You shall as easily remove Tottenham Wood. — Murr., Hand- 
book, Env. of London. 


In Urbe London, exceptione habat divulgatum id per omnes aeque 
gentes Lucani proverbium : 
" Invida fatorum series summisque negatum 

Stare diu." — \_Pharsal. I,, 70— Ed.] 
Nam ea annis 354 antae Romam condita nunquam emisit 
principatum nee bello consumpta est. — Gervase of Tilbury. 
De Otiis Imperialibus. 



Baronnie de Loundres. — Douce MS., 13th Cy. 

London globber. — MS. Harl. In early writers it means a glutton. 
[Sowthery great bragger.] — Hll. 

London resortere. — MS. Rawl. 

Merry London, — Spenser, Pvothalamion. 

Haec sunt Londonis, pira, poniaque, regia, thronus, 
Chepp-stupha, coklana, dolum, leo, verbaque vana ; 
Lancea cum scutis, haec sunt staura cuntotis. 

MS. 15th Cent. ; Rel. Antiq., ii. 178. 

Per noctem portae clauduntur Londoniarum 
Moenia ne forte fraus frangat Francigenarum. — Stow. 
London lickpenny. Cuyates' Conference, 1641. — Harl. Misc., i. 
498; F.W. 

Getpenny — F. W. 
He that wyl thrive must set or hold his ware or stuff at double 
price that he will sell it as Londoner doth. — Whitinton, 
Vulgaria, f. 28. 
Londoner-like ; ask as much more as you will take. — P. in R., 

Oxford for learning, London for wit, 

Hull for women, and York for a tit. — Higson, 209. 

Oxford knives 
And London wives. — Ho. 
London beer. — Ho. 

Wei coude he knowe a draught of London ale. — Chau., Prol. 
C. T., 384. 

When Middlesex bids " Up to London " let us go. 
And when our market 's done we '11 have a pot or two. 

Drayt. Pol. 
A London cockney. — F. W. See Haz., p. 23. 

The Fire of London was a punishment for gluttony. — Bohn. 

A London gent [or would-be gentleman]. 

A London jury hang half and save half. — F. W. 

(Some affirm this of an Essex, others of a Middlesex, jury — 
F. W. ; F., Gnom., of a Kentish.) 

London congregations. See Characters of Districts. 

They agree like London Clocks. — Ho. ; F. W. 

the Clocks of London. — R., 1678. ? ironical. 

A London flitting. The removal of parties by stealth before the 
landlord is paid. — Hll. 

She hath been at London to call a strea a straw and a waw a wall. — 
Cheshire R., 1670. 

London, Leicester, York, and Chester, all begin with A. Cf. 
Heighton (Sussex). 

London, the needy villain's general home. 

The common sewer of Paris and of Rome. — S. Johnson, London, 93. 



Fare thee well, London, thou 'rt good for nought else 
but whoredom and durdam and ringing of bells. — Brathwait, 
Bam. Jour. 

The Wen.— W. Cobbett. 

The Village. 

The Great Metropolis. 

"Which way to London?" "A poke full of plums." (Imperti- 
nentia). — CI. See my n. in Haz., 468. 

A man soon finds his level in London. 

I find little London stands just where it did when I left it last. — 
S., P. C, ii. 

You must go into the country to hear what news at London. — 
P. in R., 1678. 

The London correspondents of the country papers nowadays 
make this more strikingly true. 

Londoners are generally most ignorant of London. — P. M. G., 

31/3, '84. 
London, the best place in England to live in for eight [ten] months 

of the year, and as good as any other for the rest. 

In October not even a cat is to be found in London. 

Commune plays and gay sights 

as be at London on mydsomer nights. — Muneva hidi. Huleot. 

Seven Hills there were in Rome, and so there be 
Seven Sights in New Troy crave my memory : 
Tombs, Guildhall, Giants, Stage-plays, Bedlam poor. 
Ostrich, Bear-garden, Lions in the Tower. 

Brathwait, Bam. Itin., ii., 1638. 

Houses are London's land. — F. 

Generally they [the Chantries of St. Paul's] were founded on 
candlerents. (Houses are London's land) which were 
subject to casualty, reparations, and vacations. — Fuller, 
Ch. Hist., VI., V. 16. Candlerents are mentioned again, 
XL, ii. 6. ? Leaseholds on lives. [C/. the practice which 
obtains in places, e.g. at Congresbury and Puxton in 
Somerset, of letting certain lands by inch of candle, the 
last bidder before the candle goes out securing the tenancy. 

Parks. It was a saying of Lord Chatham that " the Parks were 
the Lungs of London." — Speeches of Rt. Honb''- W'"- Windham, 
iii. 146; " Encroachments on Hyde Park," 1808 (June 30). 

Aldgate, a draft * on the pump at. A bad bill of exchange 
drawn on persons Vv'ho have no effects of the drawer. — Gr. 
* Play on the word draught. 

Aldgate, Pump-Handle & Co. was the name of the firm. 



Nick and Froth built the Pye at Ald^ate. Sharpin<^ in the 
reckoning and cheating in the measure built that once 
noted house over against Houndsditch. — B. E., A New Diet, 
of the Canting Crew, 1770. Mentioned in Defoe's Hist, of the 
Plague, 1722. Fielding, Essay on the Characters of Men. 

Alsatia, a squire of. A sharper. — G. The precinct of Whitefriars 
lying E. of the Temple extending to Water Lane, a place of 
refuge and retirement for persons wishing to avoid bailiffs 
and creditors. — Murr. 

Bear-binder Lane, the beasts of. — He. 

Cf. He would bind bears, Certat cum valentioribus. — Dr. 

Bethlehem Hospital. Love and pride stock Bedlam. — Fr., Gnom. 

Billingsgate language. — F. W. Taylor, J., Navy of Lnndships. 
They scold like so many butter-whores or oyster women at 

Billingsgate. — Ho. 
You shall have as much favor at Billingsgate for a box on the 
ear. — R., 1678. 

Let bawdry Billingsgate, my daughters dear, 
Support his front, and oaths bring up the rear. 

Pope, Dunciad, i. 387. 

Water measure. Billingsgate measure (liberal). — Torr. 
Billingsgate Market only confined to fish since reign of 
William HI. — Baedeker, Guide. 

BiRCHiN Lane. See extract from Ascham and Stow in Haz. ; 
Skeat, Specimens of Eng., 311, 466. 

Phil. Thou hast heard of Burching Lane in London . . . 
there are many volumes of apparel made at large by guess 
for no man and for every man, for all whom they fit or 
who shall buy them. — Hawkins, Apollo Slivoving, ii. 3, 1626. 

Come unto Birchin Lane : they '11 give Nobody a suit, choose 
where he list. — Nobody and Somebody, 1592. School of 
Shah., 294. 

Bow bells (St. Mary le Bow, Cheapside). 

As noisy as Bow bell. — Ned Ward, Nupt. Dial., I., xxiv. 

The Tenor or Bowbell able to waken all the city. — T. Adams, 
p. 760. 

But though that material bell can teach us when to go to bed, 
yet this mystical bell cannot teach us the time to arise. — H. 

He was born within the sound of. — F.W. The qualification of 
a cockney. 

Stow says : " Rung at 9 every night as a signal for knocking off." 
— Taylor, J., Navy of Landships. Shak., H. IV., viii. 529. 

BucKLERSBURY (Druggists & Grocers). — Shak., M. W. W., iii. 3. 

Thy company and thou that can both forge and lie 
be two mete marchantes to uttre ware in Bucklesbury. 

Whitinton, Vulg., i. 9. 



Charing Cross. As old as Charing Cross. — R. 

Puteynes de Cherringe. — Douce MS. 98. 

Cheapside. To shine like a goldsmith's shop in Cheapside. 

Nabbes, Cov'. Gard., iv. 4. 

Cheapside being called " the best garden " only by Metaphor, 
seeing otherwise nothing but stones are found therein. — 

Chelsea. As deep as Chelsea reach. — N., H. 
As dead as Chelsea. — G. 
" Dead Chelsea, by God ! " An exclamation uttered by a 

grenadier at Fontenoy on having his leg carried away by a 

cannon-ball. — G. 

Clerkenwell. Jack Adams' parish. 
Jack Adams being a fool. — G. Diet. 

Coleharbour. An ancient mansion in Downgate Ward privileged 
as sanctuary. 

Or thence thy starved brother live and die 
Within the cold Coleharbour sanctuary. 

Hall, Satires, V., i. 100. 

CovENT Garden is the best garden. — G. i.e. cheaper than raising 
flowers, fruit and vegetables in your own. 

This town two bargains hath, not worth one farthing : 
A Smithfield horse and wife of Covent Garden. 

Dryden, Epist. to Limhevham, 21. 

A Drury Lane vestal. — G. Drury Lane lost its aristocratic 
character early in the reign of William III. 

Duke's Place is free for all comers and peers. — John Phillips, 
Don Quixote, 167. 

Aldgate. Cromwell allowed the Jews to settle here in 1650. 

Eastcheap. The district E. of Gracechurch Street, including what 
is now Leadenhall Market. 

Then I hyed me into Est-Chepe, 
One cryes ribbes of befe and many a pye ; 
Pewter pottes they clattered on a heape. 
But for lacke of money I myght not spede. 

Lydgate, London Lichpenny. 
He that will in East Cheap eat a goose so fat 
with harp, pipe and song, 
he must sleep in Newgate on a mat 
be the night never so long. 

From a sea-song in R.A ., apud Haz. 

Exchange (Royal). See Moorfields. 

La Borsa di Londra la qual da piia bugie che danari. 

Flo., 2d. Fni., xii. 
The Fleet prison. 

He may whet his knife on the threshold of the Fleet. — F. W. 
i.e. is a man free of debt. 



Fleet Street. 

As melancholy as Fleet Street in the Long Vacation. — Webster, 
Northivavd Hoe, i. 2. 

Freeman's Quay. To drink at, i.e. gratis. Beer being given to 
carmen and porters calling there. (Near London Bridge). 
— N., VII., viii. 207. 

Furnival's Inn (Holborn). 

The gentlemen of Furnival's Inn lie a-bed while their hose are 
mending. — Torr. Cf. Chesh. 

Gray's Inn. See Temple. 

Gutter Lane (Cheapside). 

All goeth down Gutter Lane. — F. W. The French say "en 
Angouleme." — Torr. 

(Guthurun Lane, E. of Foster Lane.) 

Guildhall. You are all for the Hoistings or hustings. — F. W. 
See Haz., 182, i.e. in Altitudinihus. The principal and 
highest [hus-thing] Court in London, as also in Winchester, 
Lincoln, York, &c. — F. W. 

Holborn. He will ride backwarks up Holborn Hill, i.e. on his 
last journey from Newgate to Tyburn. — G. 
Holborn and Snow Hills have now been bridged by a viaduct. 
Holborn for wealth, 
And Cheam for health. See in Surrey. 

Islington. Merry Islington. — Cowper, John Gilpin. 

Kirby's Castle and Megse's glory, 

Spinola's pleasure and Fisher's Folly. — F. W. 

Kirkeby's Castell and Fisher's Follie, 
Spinila's pleasure and Megse's glorie. — Stow. 

Four suburban mansions built by citizens. The last appears 
to survive in Devonshire Square, Bishopsgate Within. 

A Leadenhall blade. One that will not cut. — Torr. 

Lincoln's Inn. See Temple. 

Lombard Street. 

Fools will not part with their bable for all Lombard St. — Fr. ,Gnom. 
(Used as an illustration of " the long odds.") 

All Lombard Street to an egg-shell. — Murphy, Citizen, ii. i. 

" It is a thousand pounds to a penny" as the nursery song says, 
or as the newspaper reporters of the Ring have it " Lom- 
bard Street to a China orange," whether, &c. — Southey, 
Doctor, ch. ccx. 

London Bridge was built upon woolpacks, i.e. the expense was 
defrayed by an impost upon wool brought into London in 
the 1 2th Centy. — Brady, Clavis Calendana, i. 205. 



Cvrds. I have been [a lady of the town] in my days when 
we kept the Whitson ale, where we danced " The Building 
of London Bridge upon Woolpacks." — London Chanticleers, 
viii. 1659. 

London Bridge was made for wise men to go* over and fools 
to gof under (Periculum). — CI. 

* Pass — Ho. t Pass — R., 1670. 

The present bridge was built in 1825. The danger to light 
wherries in shooting the bridge was appreciable, as shown 
in the following : " A young lady of distinction in com- 
pany with her l)rother, a little youth, took a pair of oars 
at or near the Temple one April day last, and ordered 
the men to carry them to Pepper Alley Stairs. One of 
the fellows (according to their usual impertinence) asked 
the lady where she was going. She answered, ' Near 
St. Olave's Church.' Upon which he said she had better 
go thoro' Bridge. The lady replied, ' She had never 
gone thro' Bride (sic) in her life, nor would she venture 
for a hundred guineas,' so commanded him once more to 
land her at Pepper Alley Stairs," &c. — Defoe, Everybody's 
Business, p. 32, 1725. 

See St. Katharine. 

Where fell the parson ? Betwixt the whore your mother's 
legs. (A jeer to those below London Bridge). — Ho. 
This means from those on the bridge to those passing 

Cf. T. Perche sono fatti i ponte di grazia ? 
G. Per passarei so pra. 

T. Perche dunque volete che passiamo sotto ? 
G. Oh, oh ! io vi intendo ! 

Florio, Second Fruits : Dial. ii. 1591. 

Ane ill word meets anither an it were at the Brig o' London. — 
Ferg. i.e. jostles from fouling in the narrow passage. 

Like one of the heads on London Bridge, able neither to speak 
or breathe. —J. Philips, Don Quixote, 1687. 

What ! stop the tide at London Bridge ? 'tis impossible. It 
contradicts a proverb. — Sharpe, Address to the Corporation of 
London on Canals, A. 7, 1773. 

Cf. Time and tide tarry for no man. [^See Appendix.] 

LoTHBURY. Like Lothbury conduit that ever runs waste. — 
Middleton, Inner Temple Masque. 

He that will braze his face at Lothbury 
Because he will not blush at knavery. 

N. Breton, Pasqnil's Foolscap, p. 24. 

LuDGATE. A Ludgate bird (Paupertas), Animam debet. — CI. He 
is as much puzzled as one going up Ludgate Hill in a stop 
of coaches and carts. — Ho., New Sayings, ii. 
Between Ludgate and Newgate thou canst dwell never. 
For in Ludgate or Newgate thou must dwell ever. — He. , Ep. , iv. 90. 


LOCAL PROVERBS. ' london. 

Marylebone. The Marrowbone Stage : to travel on one's own legs. 
The Monument. 

As tall as the Monument. 


[Idlers] like usurers in the walks of Morefields or on the seats 
of the Old Exchange — Torr. 

Newgate. Sec Ludgate. 

[To march] two and two, Newgate fashion. — Shak., i H. IV., 
iii. 3. 

He that is at a low ebb at Newgate may soon be afloat at 
Tyburn. — He., Ep. 

A Newgate bird. — G. Diet. 

He will faint at the sight of a wall-flower. (Because wall-flowers 
grew up against Newgate). — G. 

He has studied at Whittington's College. — R., 1813. Haz.,p. 161. 

Oxford Street. Stony-hearted stepmother. — De Quincey, 


Paddington Fair. An execution at Tyburn. — G. 

Suits hang half a year in Westminster Hall, 

At Tyburn half an hour's hanging endeth all. — He. 

Pall Mall. If ever compelled in the country to dwell, 

Oh, give me the sweet shady side of Pall Mall. 

Capt" Morris, [of Brockham, Surrey, a well- 
known poet of the Prince Regent's days.] 

Pye Corner Law. The surest way of wooing. — Ho., New Sayings, iv. 

Primrose Hill. A green or grassy bank that they call by London 
Primrose Hill. — Withals, Diet., 1608. 

Saint Giles' breed — fat, ragged, and saucy. — G. i.e. in the Fields. 
Greek. Cant, slang, Pedlars' French. — G. 

As lame as St. Giles, Cripplegate. — F. W. Spoken jocosely or 

Saint Katherine. 

While thousands gaz'd we pass'd the bridge with wonder 

Where fools and wise men go above and under, 

We thus our voyage bravely did begin 

Down by Saint Katharine's, where the priest fell in. 

Taylor, A Discovery by Sea from London to Salisbuvy. 

Saint Martin's beads and bracelets. — Taylor, Navy of Ships. 
See Hll. 

Saint Pancras. " 

A Pancridge earl. — B. Jon., A Tale of a Tub, iii. 3. "An Earl 
of show." — Id., To Marquis Would-be Inigo. 

An old Pancridge ! (term of contempt). — Rob. Chamberlain, 
Sivaggering Damsel, \. 1610 ; Field, Woman is a Weathevcocke, 
1612; Nabbes, TotP^'' Court. 



Ftircher.^' Faith ! we may take our bows and shafts and sleep, 
This dreaming long vacation gives us leave. 
Gentlemen, well met ! what Pancras Knights ! 
Yourchey.* The bounty of the time will have it so. 

* Two lawyers. Histrioiiiastix, ii., i6li. 

Saint Paul's. See Cathedrals. 

Pardoun de Seynt Pol. — Douce MS. 98. 

Paul's will not always stand. — Bale, Sir Thos. More, p. 7, 1590; 

As old as Paul's steeple. — F. W. ; itself. — Torr, p. 166, 

Paul's.— R. 

Ye country vicars, when you preach in Town, 
A turn at Paul's to pay your journey down. 

Christ""- Pitt, On the Art of Prcaciiin^, 1699— 1748. 

As high as St. Paul's. — Tomkins, Alhumazar, iii. 1^15. 

As blunt as Paul's. — Jack Drum's Entertainment, iv. 1601. 

What 's a man in Paul's, or a hare among a kennel of hounds ? 
— Torr. See Smithfield. 

Which I have done with as devout a cheer • . - 

As he that rounds Paule's pillers in the ear. 

Bp. Hall, Sat., V., iii. ig. ? whispers. 
Paul's work. Esser come il Duomo di Milano, che mai si 
finisce. — Torr. 

To have Paul's work in hand. — Riparata, Torr. 
To dine with Duke Humphrey. — F. W. i.e. at the tomb of 
Humphry, Duke of Gloucester, in the middle aisle of the 
first cathedral. 

All friends round St. Paul's, not forgetting [the tree nor] the 
trunkmaker's daughter. ? the elm-tree at the N.E. corner 
of the churchy*^ on the site of St. Paul's Cross. See Haz., 
p. 251. 

As well taught as my Lord Mayor's horse 
when his good lord is at the Sermon at the Cross [i.e. Paul's]. 
As well-behaved, docile. 

Which will never be ; 
We may as well push against Powle's as stir 'em (sleepers). 

Shak., H. VIII., v. 4. 

Saint Peter's le Poor,* [Peter the Poor. — He., £/>., vi. 85.] 
where no tavern, alehouse, or sign at the door. — F. W. 

St. Peter's Hospital is the name of the Poor-house at Bristol. 

* Old Broad Street. 

Choose a horse in Smithfield, and a serving-man in Paul's. — 
Haz., p. loi. Flecknoe, Enigmatical Charact., p. 45. 1658. 

Fahtaff. I bought him (Bardolph) in Paul's, and he '11 buy me 
a horse in Smithfield ; an' I could get me a wife in the stews, 
I were manned, horsed, and wived. — Shak., 2 H. IV., i. 2. 



Your daughter has married a gentleman : is not this better tlian 

a Smithfield bargain ? [A matrimonial bargain and sale.] 

Smilhfield bargain. Where the purchaser is taken in. 

A match or marriage contracted solely on the ground 

of interest on one or both sides, when the fair sex are 

bought and sold like cattle in Smithfield. — G. Diet. 

Give me so much money and your horse shall leap my mare. — 

J. Wilson, The Cheats, v. 5. 1633. 
He is only fit for Ruffians' Hall. (A Swaggerer ;— F. W.) 
R., 1670, n. 
West Smithfield, now the Horsemarket, was formerly called 
Ruffians' Hall because athletic contests were carried on 
there.— F. W. 
Strand. As naked as the Strand May-pole. — Rowley, A Match 

at Midnight, iv. 

The Devil would have been a weaver but for the Temples. 

R., 1678. 

The Devil's Own. A name applied to the Inns of Court 

Volunteer Corps. 
Gray's Inn for walks, Lincoln's Inn for a wall, 
the In,ner Temple for a garden, and the Middle for a hall. — Ho. 

Inner Temple rich, Middle Temple poor, 

Lincoln's Inn for lawyers, and Gray's Inn for a whore.* — R., 1813. 

■ gentlemen boor. — Murr.jH^^A'. 

* See Panders, "Come away." — Percy, fol. 

Thames. The Silent Highway. 

When King James, offended with the City, threatened to remove 
his Court to another place, the Lord Mayor boldly enough 
returned that he might remove his Court at his pleasure, 
but could not remove the River Thames. — F. W. 

To set the Thames on fire. 

Cf. He 's naa eel drowner mair than me. — Roxb. Ball. 
To cast water in Tems. — He. 

into the Thames. — F. W. ; Ho. 
As whoso filled a tonne of a fresh water and went forth with 
that water to walle with Thames. — P. Plow., Vis. B., 
XV. 331. 
The ducks fare well in the Thames. — R., 1670. 

A fool will not part with his bauble for the Tower of London. — 

Tower Hill play. A slap in the face and a kick on the breech. — 

G. Diet. 
A loyal heart may be landed under Traitors' Bridge. — F. W. 
Trafalgar Square. The finest site in Europe. A saying 
attributed to the first Sir Robt. Peel. 



TuRNAGAiN Lane. 

He must take him a house in Turnagain Lane. — He., Ep., 6g. 
(An impasse near St. Sepulchre's Church leading to Fleet 
Ditch.) A play on words. Cf. To turn over a new leaf. 

Tyburn. See Paddington and Westminster. 

Wapping. As large as Wapping wharf. — Taylor (W. P.), Fevnion 
Little Bavbary. Gr. Diet. 

*' He that is born to be hanged will never be drowned." This 
referred specially to pirates who were hanged at Wapping 
on the arrival of the ship. — See a passage in Bacon's Essays. 

Waterloo Bridge. 

Canova said that it was worth travelling all the way from Italy 
only to see it. 


Relikes de Westmoster. — Douce MS. 98, 13th Cy. 
Scone Stone (in Abbey) : 

Except old saws be vain 

and wits of wizards blind, 

the Scots in place shall reign 

where they this stone shall find. — N., I., vi. 156. 
See Public Schools and Cathedrals. 
Suits hang half a year in Westminster Hall, 
At Tyburn half an hour's hanging endeth all. — He. 

As tattered as the Scots' colours in Westminster Hall. — Ho., 

Neiv Sayings, iv. 

Angels work wonders in Westminster Hall. — Jer. Collier, 
Ess., VL, viii. 

As sure as Check. — Ho, As sure as Exchequer pay. — F. W. 

There is no redemption from Hell (a prison under the Exchequer 
Court).— F. W. 

Who goes to Westminster for a wife, to Paul's for a man, and 
to Smithfield for a horse may meet with a whore, a knave, 
and a jade. — Ho. 
A Westminster wedding — a whore and a rogue. 

Ruyn con ruyn que asi casan en dueiias. — Pineda, Spanish 
Cf. Un mariage de St. Sauveur, 
la putain epouse le voleur. 

(Dauphine) Gaidoz. Blaz. Pop. de la France. 

As long as Meg of Westminster. — F. W. A long great gun 
brought from the 1 ower. — F. W. 

Long Meg of Westminster. — Torr. 
As thick as watermen on Westminster Bridge. — T. Nash, 

Have, &>€., to Saffron Walden, N. 3. 


A Whitechapel beau. One who dresses with a needle and 
thread and undresses with a knife, — G. Diet. 



LOCAL PROVERBS. monmouth. 

A Whitechapel portion. Two smocks and what Nature gave. — 

G. Did. 
Whitechapel play (at Whist). See Suffolk Bungay. 

Making the running by leading ace, king, queen in succes- 
sion in many suits. 

WiMPOLE Street. The long, unlovely street. 

Dark house by which once more I stand, 
Here in the long, unlovely street ; 
Doors where my heart was wont to beat 
So quickly, waiting for a hand. — Tennyson, In Mem., vii. 


As well taught as my Lord Mayor's horse, 

when his good lord is at the Sermon at the Cross [i.e. Paul's] . 

I have dined as well as my Lord Mayor of London. 

Satis est quod sufficit. — F. W. 

Good manners to except my Lord Mayor of London (a correction 
of sweeping generalities). — F. W. 


Nich**- Heath was born and had his childhood in the City of London, 
being noted for one of St. Anthony's pigs therein ; so were 
the scholars of that school commonly called, as those of 
St. Paul's, Paul's pigeons. — F. W. ; Stow. 

He will follow him like a St. Anthony's pig. Applicable to such 
who have servile, saleable souls, who for a small reward 
will lack-wey many miles, pressing their patrons with the 
unwelcome opportunity. — F. W. 

The Protectors and Proctors of St. Anthony's Hospital in Benetfink 
claimed the privilege of turning out of the market unsaleable 
pigs, slitting their ears and letting them loose with a bell tied 
to their necks. — Stow, p. 190. 


Monmouth caps. A kind formerly worn by the common people. — 
Ho. Something like the Basque berretta — not so wide at 
the sides as the Scotch bonnet. 

Llanover [3 m. S.S.E. of Abergavenny]. 

** A house without cheer, 
a cellar Vvithout beer, 
a park without deer : 
Lord Llanover lives here." 
Said of Llanover Court. Cf. Radnorshire. 

PoNTYPOOL. As round as a Pontypool waiter. — N., I., xi. 472. 

Pontypool was the original site of the manufacture of japanned 
or lacquered tin ware, called Pontypool ware. — lb. 

VOL. I. 145 10 


No, Landscape painters, let your gold streams sleep, 
*- * * Which with such golden lustre flame 

As beats the very golden frame. 
Peace to the scenes of Birmingham's bright school. 
Peace to the brighter scenes of Pontipool. 

Wolcot (Peter Pindar), Subjects for Painters. 


Also the Abbot of Westmynster Jje hiest of jjis lande, 
The Abbot of Tynterne Jje poorest I understand ; 
Jjey are both abbots of name and not lyke of fame to fande [prove], 
yet Tynterne with Westmynster shall nowjjer sitte nor stande. 
John Russell's Book of Nurture, Harl. MS. 401 1. 

E.E. Text. Soc. 


Norfolk, Suffolk, and Essex (East Anglia), called by natives 
" The Three Counties." — Nail., p. 645. 
Norfolk ful of giles.— MS. Harl. 
Norfolk ful of wiles. — MS. Rawl. 
For Norfolk wiles, so full of guiles. 
Have caught my toe by wiving so. 
That out to thee* I see for me 

No way to creep. — Tusser, Life. (Of his second wife.) 
* Suffolk. 

Norfolk Wiles. — Camd. ? tricks of acrobats. 

As active as a Norfolk tumbler. — Webst., West. Ho., ii. i. 

You are as necessary in a city as tumblers in Norfolk. — lb., iii. 2. 

Norfolk men are charactered in jure municipali versatissimi, where 
they study Law as following the plough - tail, and will 
enter an action for their neighbour's horse but looking 
over their hedge. — Fuller, Ch. H., 111., xii. 10. 

Si nihil sit litium, lites tamen ex juris apicibus, serere callent. — 
Camd.,5nY. ; F.W. 

For cunning in the Law and wrangling Norfolk men are justly 

noted. — R. 
[Sir Edward Coke, of Holkham, was probably in his mind.] 
As Essex hath of old been named "Calves and Stiles," 
Fair Suffolk " Maids" and Norfolk " Many wiles."— Drayt., Pol. 
Norfolk biffens (beaufin). A particular kind of apple, pressed after 

being slowly cooked. 

bumpkins. — Ho. 

broads. — The bailiff of the Broads. The ague. — St. J. Ga., 24/7, '94. 

dumpUngs.~¥. W. Made of dough and yeast, boiled for twenty 

minutes. — Hll. ; Massinger, A New Way, iii. 2 ; Poor Robin, 1687. 

Well, nothing was undone that might be done to make Jemy 

Camber a tall little slender man when yet he lookt like 

a Norfolke dumpling, thick and short. — Armin, Nest of 

Ninnies, 1605, p. 13. 



As naked as your Norfolk dumpling. — Day, The Blind Beggar of 

Bethnal Green, ii. 1659. 
Hercules. Dumplin al bumkins, — Ho. 

Stroud. Make me your cheat, your gull, your strowd, your 
Norfolk dumpling. — Day, B.B.B. Gr., i. 

Possessing the natural soil for game, it is proverbially a game 
county. — Nail, p. 728. 
gentlemen. — Taylor (W. P.), Navy of Land-Ships, 
turkeys. — Fed on buckwheat or brank. — Defoe, Tour, 1724. 
The Norfolk drant, or drawl (cf. Suffolk whine). — Nail, s.v. 

I wende ryflyng were restitucion, quod he, for I lerned never rede 

on boke. 
And I can no frenche in feith but of the ferthest end of Norfolk. 

P. Plow, Vis. B., V. 238. 

In part of Norfolk the farmers used formerly to plough the land 

with two rabbits and a case-knife. Spoken hyperbolically. 

Part of Norfolk is extremely light, sandy, and easily 

ploughed. — G. 

Horace Walpole said when he passed through the county that 

he saw one blade of grass and two rabbits fighting for it. 

So far as game shooting is concerned, everyone who shoots a great 
deal knows perfectly well that the hearing of the left ear, 
after a few years, is never so good as that of the right, and 
when black powder was used instead of the various chemical 
powders, wood powder, E.G., and many others, this effect 
was very much more pronounced. In the Eastern Counties, 
where the shooting is on a large scale and four or five 
hundred shots are constantly fired by one man on one day, 
the deafness of the left [why left ?] ear so produced used to 
go by the name of Norfolk deafness. — Sir W. B. Dalby on the 
"Preservation of Hearing, "in Longman's Mag., July, 1898. 

This county has the most churches (660) of any in England, and 
though the poorest livings (by some occult quality of their 
good husbandry and God's blessing thereon), the richest 
clergymen. — F. VV. 
Windham has gone to the dogs and Felbrigg has gone to the kittens. 
The family seat of the Windhams, bought by a wealthy 
Norwich merchant. — Hissey. Phaeton Tour in Eastn. Counties, 
p. 225. 
There never was a Paston poor, a Heyden a coward, nor a 

Cornwallis a fool. — -F. W. 
Remember parson Melham, and pray, sir, drink about. 

(An admonition to put the glass about.' — Bailey. Diet. {Cant) 
Norfolk, 1756. 
AcLE asses [10 m. E. of Norwich] . See Halvergate. 
Aylsham [12 m. N. by W. of Norwich]. 

Lyngeteille de Eylesham. — Douce M.S. 98, 13th Cy. 
FHars, i.e. linen cloth for head-dresses. See Blickling. 



Beeston babies [2 m. W.N.W. of Cromer. Beeston Re^^is] . 
See Cromer. 

Beighton bears [6 m. N.N.E. of Loddon]. See Halvergate. 

BiNHAM bulls [4 m. S.E. of Wells], 

Blakeney bulldogs [5 m. N.N.W. of Cromer]. See Cromer. 

Buckling [i m. N.N.W. of Aylesham]. 

Blickling flats, Aylsham* fliers, 

Marshamt peewits and Hevingham:]: liars. — N., 1., ii., 150 

* I m. N W. of Aylsham. f 2 m. S. of Aylesham. 

J 4 m. S.W. of Aylesham. 

Four villages on the road between Norwich and Cromer. 
Broomholm [4 m. N.E. of Walsham.] See Keswic. 

And bidde the Roode of Bromholm brynge me out of debt. — 
P. Ploiv., 24. 

Helpe, holy Crosse of Bromeholm ! — Chaucer. The Reves Tale, 
4286. i.e. part of the true Cross preserved at Broomhall 
Priory, near Cromer, founded by Wm. de Glanville in 11 13. 

Caistor. Caistor was a city ere Norwich was none, 

and Norwich was built of Caistor stone. — N., L, iii. 202 ; IV. 

This was the Roman Venta Icenorum [3 m. S. of Norwich], 
capital of the Iceni. 

There is another Caistor close to Great Yarmouth. 
Cantley cats [3 m. N.N.E. of Loddonj . See Halvergate. 

Cromer. Cromer crabs, 

Runton dabs. * p -tt; ^i ^,•h- c n -^ 

-D . .^ 1 1 • [2 m. W.N.W. of Cromer.] 

Beeston* babies, \ "- -• 

Sheringham ladies, [4 m. E.N.E. of Holt.] 

Weybourne witches, [3 m. N.E. of Holt.] 

Salthouse ditches, (var., bitches) [3 m. N. of Holt.] 

and the Blakeney people 

stand on the steeple, 

and crack hazelnuts 

with a five-farthing beetle. — N., IV., iv., 330. 

Blakeney bulldogs, [5 m. N.N.W. of Holt.] 

Marston dodmen, [6 m. N.E. of Walsingham.] 

Binham bulls, [5 m. N.E. of Walsingham.] 

Stiffkey trolls. 

Wells bite finger. — Nfh. Ant. Misc., i. 

(One bit off dead man's finger to get his ring.) 
" i.e, B. Regis. 

Cromer Bay, called " The Devil's throat," on account of its 
dangerous navigation. — Nail, 180. Br. 

Dereham gingerbread [16 m. W.N.W. of Norwich]. — N., III., xi. 332. 

Diss bread [20 m. S.S.W. of Norwich]. — N., III., xi. 332. 

He knows nothing about Diss. — iV., I., vi. 303. ? this. See 
Haz., n. 16S. 



Down HAM [40 m. W. of Norwich]. See Rising. 

Freethorpe fools [5 m. N.E. of Loddon]. See Halvergate. 

GiMMiNGHAM [4 111. N. of N. Walshaiii]. 

Gimmingham, Trimmingham, Knapton, and Trunch, 
North Repps, and South Repps, are all of a bunch. — R., 1678. 
[Villages in N.E. of County between Walsham and Cromer.] 

Halvergate [6 m. N.E. of Loddon]. 

Halvergate hares, Reedham rats, 
Southwood swine and Cantley cats, 
Acle asses, Moulton mules, 

Beighton bears and Freethorpe fools. — N., I., ii, 150. 
[Villages between Norwich and Yarmouth.] 

Hevingham liars. See Blickling. ? Haveringland [4 m. S.W. of 

Horsey pike [11 m. N.N.W. of Yarmouth] 

none like. — Camd., Brit., 1586, Horsey Mere, nr. HickHng (N.E. div.). 

Keswic. When Keswic Church* becomes a barn 

Bromholm Abbey f will be a farm. 

Records of the A . A^. House of Glanville 
from 1050 to 1880, reviewed. — N. 
* 2 m. S.S.W. of Norwich, now in ruins. t 4 m. N.E. of Walsham. 

Knapton [3 m. N. of N. Walsham] . See Gimmingham. 

LoPHAM [2 m. S. of Kenninghall]. 

Twixt Lopham Ford and Shimpling Thorne* 
England shall be wonne and lorne. — N., III., xii. 479. 
* 4 m. N.W. of Lavenham in Suffolk. 
The three Wonders of Lopham. — Blomefield, i. 237. 

1. The Self-grown Stile: a tree which crosses the footpath 

and forms a regular stile. 

2. The Ox-foot Stone : a large stone in a meadow bearing 

the impression left by a cow which came to be milked by 
the poor during a dearth. 

3. Lopham Ford : a nine-foot piece of ground lying 
between the sources of the Ouse and the Waveney 
[those disagreeing brethren.-— Spelman], the former 
going W. by Thetford to Lynn, and the latter by Diss 
to Yarmouth. 

Lynn. See Rising. 

Marchauntz de Leen. — Douce MS. 98, 13th Cy. 

That nasty stinking sinkhole of sin 

Which the map of the county denominates Lynn. — N., L, iii. 206. 

A Lynn fairing. The venereal disease. — Ned Ward, A Step to 
Stirbitch Fair, 1704: Wks., ii. 268. 

Marham [W. Norfolk]. See Lincolnshire. 



Marsham peewits [2 m. S. of Aylsham]. See Blickling. 

He is arrested by the Baily [bailiff] of Marshland, i.e. an ague. 
— F.W. The sea and fens on all sides. 

This refers to the low levels about Lynn, 

White, E.E., i. 254. 

Marston dodmen [6 m. N.E. of Walsingham]. See Cromer. 
MouLON mules [6 m, N.E, of Loddon]. See Halvergate. 
Norwich. Havene de Northwych. — Douce MS., 13th Cy. 
The tide formerly flowed up the Yare to Norwich. 
Norwicum Dacis, Hibernis. See York. 
Haec sunt Norwycus, panisordeus, halpeny pykys, 
Clausus posticus, domus Habrahse, durt quoque vicus, 
Flynt valles, rede thek, cuntatis optima sunt haec. 

MS., Trin. Coll., Camb,, 15th Cy. Rel. Ant., ii. 178. 
The City of Churches. St. Peter's, Mancroft, said to rank 
as parish Church next to St. Mary Redcliff, Bristol. — 
White, i. 64. 
When three daws are seen on St. Peter's vane together, 
then we are sure to have bad weather. — Higson. 
Uiulas Athenas. A prov. applied to foolish occupiers which 
carry their wares to sell at such places as where the same 
do abound, as if a man sh'^- carry Mockadoes and wool- 
steads to be sold at Norwich. — Baret, Alveavie, 1580. 

Worstead (the original seat of the manufacture introduced by 
the Flemings, and which gives the name to it) is now an 
unimportant place a few miles S. of Cromer. 

The Dead See [sea]. During the long incumbency of Bishop 
Pelham, Norwich has acquired this sobriquet. 

Potter Heigham [ii m. N.W. of Yarmouth]. 

Blessed are they that live near Potter tieigham, and double 
blessed are they that live in it. — Nfk. Ant. Misc. 

Reedham rats [5 m, N.E. of Loddon], See Halvergate. 

North Repps, South Repps [2 m, S,E. and S. of Cromer]. See 


Rising was, Lynn is, and Downham shall be 

the greatest seaport of the three, — N., I., iii. 206. 

Rising was a market-town, And Lynn it was a wash, 

but now Lynn is a sea-port town. And Rising fares the worse.* 

* Worst.— AT., I., iii. 206. N., IV., iv. 330. 

Rising was a seaport town when Lynn was but a marsh, 
now Lynn it is a seaport, and Rising fares the worse. -Murray. 
The sea is now 2 m. from Rising. 

Castle Rising is described in Rd, Blome's Britannia, 1672, 
p. 171, as utterly decayed and its havens filled with sand 
by the encroaching sea. 



RuNTON dabs [2 m. W.N.W. of Cromer]. See Cromer. 
Salthouse ditches, or bitches [3 m. N. of Holt]. See Cromer. 
Setchey [4 m. S. of Lynn]. 

Setcha has but thirteen houses and fourteen cuckolds. 

Thorseby's Diary, 1680. 
Sheringham ladies [4 m. E.N.E. of Holt]. See Cromer. 
SouTHWooD swine [4 m. N.E. of Loddon], See Halvergate. 
Stiffkey trolls [5 m. N.E. of Walsinghaml. See Cromer. 
Trimmingham [4 m. S.E. of Cromer]. See Gimmingham. 
Trunch [3 m. N.N.E. of N. Walsham]. See Gimmingham. 
Uppertown bull-dogs [ ]. See Cromer. 

Walsingham [26 m. N.W. of Norwich]. To swear Walsingham. — 
Porter, Two Angvy Women. 1599. H.,0. P., vii. 356. 
Turfe. High Constable ! now by our Lady of Walsingham, 
I 'd rather be marked out High Scavinger. 

B. Jon., A Tale of a Tub, iii. i. 
He playeth our Lady of Walsingham, giving as much health for 
a penny as she did holiness, yet custom commenced him 
among the common people to be their doctor. — Bullein, 
Bui. of Defence [Soreues and Chyvurgi, p. 49), 1562. 

Erasmus says that the monks persuaded the people that the 
Milky Way in the sky was the Virgin's home, calling it the 
Walsingham Way. 

Weybourne [3 m. N.E. of Holt]. A good harbour, deep water near 
shore, guarded in time of war. 

He that would Old England win, 

at Weybourne Hoope must first begin. 

Chas. Loftus, My Le/^, 1877. 
Weybourne witches. See Cromer. 
Wells bite-fingers [4 m. N.N.W. of Walsingham]. See Cromer, 
Winfarthing [3 m. N. of Diss]. 

The good Sword of Winfarthing See n. from Becon, infva. 

Wymondham, pie of [8 m. S.W. of Norwich]. See Paston, Lett. 
(701), Gairdner ; Fenn, ii. iii. 

Great Yarmouth. Bloater-land. 

The Norfolk gridiron. — Dickens ; Household Words. See Suffolk, 

You cannot spell Yarmouth steeple right. — G. [A play on the 

word right, ?".(?. straight.] Cf. As right as my leg. 

As crooked as Yarmouth steeple [pulled down in 1803]. — Nail, 

Gt. Y. 
When an old maid dies the steeple nods. — N., H., iii. 199. 

The crooked spire of G. Y., said to have so got out of the 
perpendicular through a virgin having once been married 
in the church. — Nfk. Ant. Misc., i. 301. 



The Devil's Seat in G. Y. church, which renders those who sit 
in it unfortunate for Hfe {N., II., iii. 150, 258; ix. 193), is 
part of the skeleton of a whale. It now stands in the N. 

Here's to his Holiness the Pope with his triple crown, 
with nine dollars each for each cask in the town. [Toast.] 

Nail, 272. 

Haraunge de Gernemue. — Douce MS. 98, 13th Cy. 

A Yarmouth capon. — F. W. i.e. a red-herring. So the Italian 
friars, when inclined to eat flesh on Friday, called a herring 
[qy. a fowl] piscem e corte — a fish out of the coop. — F. W. 
In Ireland meat dipped into water and christened by the 
name of "St. Patrick's fish" is sometimes eaten on fast 
days. — Nail, 359. 

A Ramp Row goose. — White, E.E., i. 132. ? Digby chicks. 

Yarmouth for the sinners, Cromer for the saints, 


[An incomplete set of four given in Haz., 2nd Ed., 500.] 

A Yarmouth pie. A pie made of herrings highly spiced, which 
the Corporation of Norwich is by charter bound to present 
annually to the King. — G., Diet. 

A Stalham correspondent writes as follows : — 

" In former times many parishes had a distinguishing name ; for 
instance, in this district we had ' Proud Stalham,' ' Sleepy 
Ingham,' ' Silly Sutton,' ' Clever Catfield,' and ' Raw 
Hempstead.' The meanings of these applications are 
amusing. The pride of Stalham [6 m. S.E. of N. Walsham] 
is supposed to arise from its central position and commercial 
importance, possibly from the go-ahead characteristics of the 
inhabitants and also from the well-known fact that it possesses 
a bank, a corn-hall (not used) and a police station. Anyhow 
inhabitants of the surrounding villages are wont to speak 
of going 'up' to Stalham. Ingham [7 m. S.E. of N. 
Walsham] is said to take the peaceful name of ' sleepy ' from 
the circumstance that an aged inhabitant then living in an 
almost inaccessible locality in the marshes, once so completely 
lost his reckoning of time that he donned his Sunday clothes 
and went to Church on Monday morning. Sutton [7 m. 
S.E. of N. Walsham] is awarded its rather unflattering title 
from the tradition that its aged natives were wont to put 
their hands out of their bedroom windows to feel if it 
was daylight. The cleverness of Catfield [8 m. S.E. of 
N. Walsham] is imagined by some to arise from its 
'eastward position' to Stalham [wise men came from the 
East), and from the old saying that if anything wonderful 
arose inquirers were requested to proceed to Catfield ' to 
know the truth of it.' The 'rawness' of Hempstead 
[8 m. E.S.E. of N. Walsham] may possibly be attributed to 


LOCAL PROVERBS. Northampton. 

its position on one of the bleakest portions of our eastern 
coast, and not from any want of polish on the part of its 
inhabitants. Many other parishes in our county have dis- 
tinguishing names. It would be interesting and possibly 
amusing could some account be given of them." — Eastern 
Evening News, Norwich, 15/11, 1892, No. iii. 46. 

" In Winfarthing, a little village in Norfolk, there was a certeyne 
swerd called the Good Swerd of Winfarthing. This sword 
was counted so precious a relique and of so great virtue that 
there was a solemn pilgrimage used unto it with large gifts 
and offrings, with vow-makings, crouchings and kissings. 
This Sword was visited far and near for many and sundry 
purposes, but specially for things that were lost and for horses 
that were either stolen or else run astray. It helped also 
unto the shortning of a married man's life if that the wife 
which was weary of her husband would set a candle before 
that sword every Sunday for the space of a whole year, no 
Sunday excepted, for then all was vain whatsoever was done 
before." — Becon, Reliques of Rome, 1536, p. 91, repr. 

Told him, that it was the sword of a thief who fled for sanctuary 
there and teft it behind him, when the parson and clerk 
turned it to account. 


Northamptonshire of long hath had this blazon : " Love below the 
girdle all, but little else above." — Drayton, Polyolb., xxiii. 
? cupboard or belly love. — F. L. Jour. 

Northampton full of love 

beneath the girdel and not above. — MS. Harl. 7371. 

Northamptonshire full of love 

benethe the gyrdyll and noth above. — MS. Rawl. 

Fullalove survives as a surname. ? a nickname for a N'hamptonsh. 
man or for one " of the same kidney." 

No shire within this realm can answer the like number of Noblemen. 
— Norden. 

Northamptonshire for spires and squires. — Haz., ist Edn. Some- 
one adds "more mires." — Norden, Speculum BritanniiS, 1610; 
Alice Dryden ; Northamptonsh. Village Jottings, Pall Mall Mag., 
Oct., '97, p. 239. 

Leicestershire for spires 

and Northamptonshire for squires, — Haz., 2nd Edn. 

" Some one has added ' for springs and spinsters.' " — Alice 
Dryden, u. s. And, further, that there is more haughtiness 
and less hospitality. 

Thack and dike 

Northamptonshire like. — Sternberg, Northamptonshire Glossary. 



Sanndev. My lady, now she has money, is studying to do good 
works. She talked last night what a goodly act it was of a 
Countess — Northamptonshire breed belike or thereabouts — 
that to make Coventry a Corporation rode through the city 
naked by daylight. — Middleton, Anything for a Quiet Life, v. i. 

She is quite an Amy Florence. Said of any female loosely, untidily 
and tawdrily drest. "How she goes Florencing about!" 
Current in different parts of the county, and may be traced 
back at least a century, but now nearly obsolete. — Baker. 

Old Busby 's dead. Said of old news, twice-told tales. — Baker. 
Cf. Lord Baldwin in R. 

In Northamptonshire all the rivers in the county are bred in it; 
besides those (Ouse and Cherwell) it lendeth and sendeth 
into other shores ; so the good housekeeper hath a fortune of 
wheat in his fields, mutton in his fold, &c., both to serve 
himself and supply others. The expense of a feast will but 
breathe him, which will tire another of the same estate who 
buys all by the penny. — Fuller, Holy and Profane State; F. W. 

The language of the common people is generally the best of any 
shire in England — F. W. 

In and out, like Teton Brook.* Baker, Northamptonshire Glossary, 
speaks of its sinuosities. 

■'■ ? where. 

AsHTON. See Armston. 

Armstonf on the hill, 

Polebrookl in the hole ; 
Ashton§ turns the mill, 

Oundle|| burns the coal. — N., I., vii. 537. 

t 3 m. S.E. of Oundle. Jam. S.E. of Oundle. 

§ I m. E. of Oundle. || i.e. The market town. 

Aynho [6 m. S.E. of Banbury] . See in Oxfordsh. 

Billing. All the world and Little Billing. — Baker, Nh"- Gloss. 
(A par. of 100 inhabitants, 3 m. E.N.E. of N'hampton.) 

Cf. Bingham in Notts. 

BouGHTON [3 m. N. of Northampton]. 

It 's most sure to be wet about Boughton Green fair (on feast 
of St. John Baptist).— Alice Dryden ; Pall Mall Mag., 
Oct., '97- 

BowDEN (Little) [i^ m. S. of Market Harborough]. 

Little Bowden, poor people, 
leather bells, wooden steeple. — Br. 

Brackley [19 m. S.W. of N'hampton] , a decayed market town. 

Brackley breed [1678. 

Better to hang than to feed (Malum immedicabile).— CI. ; R., 


LOCAL PROVERBS. Northampton. 

From thence to Brackley as did beseem one 
The May'r I saw, a wondrous mean one, 
sitting thatching and bestowing 
on a wind-blown house a strowing : 
on me call'd he and did charm me, 
Drink less, eat more — I do warn thee. 

Brathwait, Dnmken Bavnahee's Journeys, I. 
A beggar-banger is kept by the Corporation. — Sternberg. 

Brackley skegs [a fool or clown] 
come t' Imly* ta et th' addled eggs. — Sternberg. 
* Imly is Evenly, a near village. 

Burton Latimer [3 m. S.E. of Kettering]. 

The wind blows cold 

on Burton hold [wold]. — N., L, viii. 512. 

CoLLEY Weston [a village 3 m. S.W. of Stamford]. 

It's all along of Colly Weston. — Baker, N'ion. Gloss., p. 137. 
Generally used when anything goes wrong or anyone is 
much put out ; has its origin in the excellent and durable 
character of the C.W. roofing stones or slates, which has 
long been prejudicial to the interests of tiling and thatch- 
ing. — Athen., 25/6, '98. 

In some verses, however, upon Holiday's Technogamia, 1630, 
printed from a Middle Hill MS. 9569 (1638) in the notes 
to the Shakspere Soc.'s Edition of The Marriage of Wit 
and Wisdom, these lines occur, and seem to point to a 
person rather than a place : 

" We had an ape forsooth, bare three years old, 
could do more tricks than Colle Weston's could." 
Wilbraham and Hartshorne record the saying ; so it cannot 
be considered local. 

Coster or Caster pence. The ancient copper coins dug up in the 
soil [4 m. W. of Peterboro', about Warden Morton] . — 
Denham, F. Lore of Durham, p. 66, 

Daintry (Daventry). See Warwicksh. 

It's gone over Borough Hill after Jackson's pig (said when 
anything is lost). — Baker, Gloss. An ancient encampment 
near Daventry. 

Denford [i m. S.S.W. of Thrapstone]. 

On the Sunday after Trinity 

come to Denford feast and dine with me. — Baker. 

(The festival week of the patron Saint.) 

Doddington* dovecot, Wilby f hen, 

Irthhngboroughl ploughboys, and Wellingborough men. 

* 2 m. S.S.W. of Wellingboro'. \ 2 m S.W. of Wellingboro'. 
j 4 m. N.E. of Wellingboro'. 

Evenly (Imly), [i m. S. of Brackley]. See Brackley. 



Grendon moonrakers [5 m. S.S.W. of Wellingborough].— Sternberg. 

Hardington snow-feast, 
Wootton crow-feast. 

Two villages 2 m. S. of Northampton, the annual wake or 
festival of the first being in the winter, of the other in 
the spring, according to the respective patron Saints' 
days. — Baker. 

Helpstone crackt pippins [pipkins], and Northborough crackt pans, 
Glinton fine organs, and Peakirk tin pans. — N., VL, ix. 25. 

(Bells of churches, all about 7 m. N.W. of Peterboro'.) 

HoLDENBY (Holmby), [6 m. N.W. of Northampton]. 

It shines like Holmeby [built by Sir Christ^- Hatton— F.W.].— 
Baker, Gloss. This probably refers to Holmby House, a 
fine Elizabethan manor-house, in which Charles I. was 
kept prisoner, and to the view of it in the prospect from 
Althorp, the seat of the Spencers, spoken of by Evelyn. — 
See Murr. 

If Florence be said to be a city so fine that it ought not to be 
shown but on Holy-days, Holdenby was a house that should 
not have been shown but on 'Xmas-day. — F. W. 

It shines like Holmby mud-walls, i.e. the village hovels as 
contrasted with the splendid mansion. 

HoRESTONE. See Padwell. 

Irthlingborough. See Doddington. 

King's Sutton [5 m. S.W. of Brackley]. See Bloxham, in 

Marston Trussell [3 m. S.W. of Market Harboro'] . 

Pudding-poke Marston. So called because the main road 
terminates at the church in a citl de sac. — Murr. 


Moulton images. Supposed to reflect on the lack of beauty 
among the inhabitants ; apparently a pun on molten. — 

Athen., 25/6, '98. 

Naseby [12 m. N.N.W. of Northampton]. 

Naseby children — quasi-centenarians. — Sternberg. 
In their second childhood. 

Naseby Old Man was meant to be a spire, 

but Naseby poor farmers could raise him no higher. 

It was therefore finished by a Copper Ball somewhat in human 
form. — Mentioned by Carlyle, Cvomivell, i. 188. Since 
taken down and sold. — N., VIII., vi. 336. 

Northborough. See Helpstone. 


Bachelerie de Northampton. — Douce, MS. 98. (Referring to 
the tournaments held there temp. Hen. III.) 


LOCAL PROVERBS. Northampton. 

He that would eat a buttered faggot,* let him go to Northampton. 

F.W. treats this as spoken of a bundle of sticks for fuel, but I 

take it as praise of the mess of minced meat called a faggot. 

* " Ray, whose collection of proverbs was issued only a few years subsequent 
to Fuller's Worthies, supports Fuller in this view, adding that King James is said 
to have spoken thus of Newmarket, but that the saying was more applicable to 
Northampton, as the dearest town in all England for fuel. There is little ques- 
tion that ' faggot ' can mean [as I suggest] , and as Mr. Markham says, something 
like a ' mediaeval porcine preparation ' ; but why any preparation of pig should 
want buttering is not explained." — Athenmim, June 25th, 1898, reviewing The 
Proverbs of Northamptonshire, by Christopher A. Markham, F.SA. (Northampton ; 
Stanton & Son). 

The Mayor of Northampton opens oysters with his dagger, 
i.e. to keep them at a sufficient distance from his nose, 
Northampton being eighty miles from the sea. — F. W. 
See Grose. 

Cf. the world 's mine oyster. 

Which I with sword will open. 

Shak., M. W. W., ii. 2. 

Boots and shoes. " Northamptoniensibus est clavus pedum 
gemursa pterugium." — Lye, D. Ang. Sax. 

To be shod with boots and shoes 
Northampton is the place. 
The town of Northampton may be said to stand chiefly on other 
men's legs. Where (if not the best) the most and cheapest 
boots and stockings are bought in England. — F.W. 
There is an old saying that you may know when you are within 
a mile of Northampton by the smell of the leather and the 
noise of the lapstones. — Murr. 

OuNDLE. See Armston. 

Padwell. If we can Padwell overgoe, and Horestone we can see, 
then lords of England we shall be. — Sternberg. 

This prophecy is ascribed to the Danes previously to the 
battle of Danesmoor, near Edgehill. — Murr. 

Padwell is a noted flush spring in Engcote grounds, Horestone, 
on the borders of Warwickshire (in Wardlingtonfield). — 
Morton, Nat. Hist, of N'hants. 

Peakirk. See Helpstone. 

Peterborough the proud. See Ramsey, in Hunts. 

Orgoyl de Bourke. — Douce MS. 98. Cf. Cron. Fetvob. 
(Cambden Soc). 

[Peterborough] for pride, Stamford for poor. 
Deeping for a rogue, and Bourn for a whore. 
All but first in Lincolnshire. — Haz., n. to Barnaba Itin, 

Rockingham [8 m. N. of Kettering] . 

Rockingham, poor people, 

nasty town, castle down.* — Athen^uin, 1872. 

"•' Nothing but the one tall, wooden steeple keep is left standing (a substitute 
for one destroyed by Cromwell), 



Slapton [3^ m. S.W. of Towcester] . 

Slapton, where fools will happen. — Sternberg. 

" More frequently used of Spratton, a village near Brixworth, 
and this makes the better assonance." — Athen., 25/26/98. 

Wansford (" in England "), [6 m. S.S.E. of StamfordJ. The legend 
which has conferred this sobriquet is that a native, who 
was surprised asleep on the top of a haystack by an in- 
undation of the river Neen, and as he floated away on the 
waters, being challenged as to whence he came, answered, 
thinking himself in mid-ocean, " From Wansford, in 
England." — See Brathwait, Barn. Itin., iii. 

Wellingborough. See Doddington. 

WiLBY. See Doddington. 

WooTTON [2 m. S. of Northampton] . See Hardington. 

Yardley [7 m. S.E. of Northampton] . 

The wind blows cold [rhyme"), 

upon Yardley old [wold]. — Sternberg (who calls it a " riddle 

Old for wold. — Shak., K. L., iii. 4. 

Yardley Chase adjoins Castle Ashby, the seat of the Marquis of 


'* Pancakes and fritters," 
says the bells of Saint Peter's [Northampton]. 

' * Where must we fry 'em ? " 
says the bells of Cold Higham [4 m. N.N.W. of Towcester]. 

" In yonder land-thurrow " [furrow], 
says the bells of Wellingborough. 

•' You owe me a shilling," 
says the bells of Great Billing [4 m. E.N.E. of Northampton]. 

" When will you pay ? " 
says the bells at Middleton Cheney [3 m. N.E. of Banbury]. 

" When I am able," 
says the bells at Dunstable. 

" That will never be," 
says the bells at Coventry. 

"Oh, yes it will," 
says Northampton Great Bell. 

" White bread and sop," ampton] . 

says the bells at Kingsthrop [Kingsthorpe, i m. N. of North- 

" Trundle a lantern," 
says the bells at Northampton. — Baker, N'hamp. Gloss. 


LOCAL PROVERBS. Northumberland. 


" Roast-beef and marsh-mallows," 

say the bells at All Hallows. 
" Pancake and fritters," 

say the bells of Saint Peter's. 

" Roast beef and boil'd," 
say the bells of Saint Giles. 

" Poker and tongs," 
say the bells of Saint John's [Hospital] . 

" Shovel, tongs, and poker," 
say the bells of Saint Pulchre's. — Baker, N^hamp. Gloss. 


Fair Northumberland. — Drayt. Pol., xxxiii. 

Northumberland, hastie and hot. — MS. Rawl. 

Northumberland, hasty and hoot. — MS. Rawl. 

Northumberland had almost as many castles as churches. — (P. 
Heylin), Denham, Folk Lore North. Co., p. loi. 1858. 

... in Northumberland, 
Where men seethe rushes in gruel. — Hickscorner ; H., O. P., i. 162. 

Defoe, Tour, iii. 232, speaks of the R as the shibboleth in the 
speech of this co., saying that the inhabitants are as plainly 
known by it as Foreigners are in pronouncing the Th ; but 
the natives value themselves on it, because, forsooth, it shows 
the antiquity of their blood. 

" I 'se a true-bred Northumberland ! " Answer of one asked his 
religion or politics. — Denham, p. 46. 

Lord Northumberland's arms = a black-eye. — G., Diet. 

Crankies. Pitmen. — Hll., D., p. 74. 

Croakumshire. — G. A cant name for N"^-, in w''- Newcastle may be 
included, from a peculiar croaking in the pronunciation of the 
inhabitants. The elevating of the tone several notes at the 
close of the sentence is the characteristic of the Northumber- 
land dialect. — Brockett. See Newcastle. 

If they come they come not, and if they come not they come. — F. W. 

Winna come . . . dinna come, they '11 come hame. — (Wooler version.) 
i.e. The cattle on the Border were turned out to pasture and 
returned of their own accord at night, in that case indi- 
cating that the freebooters were not in the neighbourhood. 

Homo da confino 

overo le ladro overo assassino. — Florio, 1578. 

Pray God send us a good harvest this winter ! (say the wreckers of 
the E. coast). — Den., p. 50. [D., p. loi. 

The autumn of the year is the summer of Northumberland. — 
Alnwick, famed for bloody battles and bogs. — D., p. 114. 
Canny Annick and its ten miles round. — D., p. 115. 



He rides like a Bambroughshire laird (yeoman), i.e. with one spur 
and a whip. — D., p. 35. 
Runches (charlock) and wild oats are the badge of Bamborough- 
shire. — D., p. 116. 

Soft in her side, like the lasses o' ^Belford. — Den., p. 47. (Deficient 
in intellect.) 

* N.E. Northd- 

Berwick, the Key of England on the E. Sea as Carlisle is on the 

W. -D., p. 63. 
The no-nation town of Berwick. — lb., p. 66. 
Once going through Berwick makes not a man of war. — D., 66. 

This belongs to the times of chronic contention with 

The burghers o' Berwick get warm rolls and butter every 

morning to their breakfast. (Exercise for the burr or cinder 

in the throat).— D., p. 63. 

A Berwick burgess speaks wi' a bunch o' bear awns in his 
hause. — D., p. 67. i.e. Beards of barley in his throat. 

The Berwick burr. — D., p. 28. 

The middle arch of Berwick bridge is at one end. — D., 62. 
i.e. The largest or principal arch is the second (of 15) and 
not the central. 

There 's a lang bridge at Berwick, 
a church without a steeple, 
a dunghill before every door, 
and very deceitful people. — D., p. 66. 
From Berwick to Dover 
three hundred miles over. — F. W. 
Samon de Berwick. — Douce MS. 98., 13th Cy. 

If a Berwick lad and lass 

gang together by the Steps of Grace, 

they Ul sup wi' the priest o' Lamberton. — D., p. 68. 

i.e. The English Gretna Green. 

Blaydon. Blaydon bred and Meldon fed, 

but Dilston ha' destroyed it a'. — D., p. 103. 

i.e. The profuse hospitality of the Derwentwaters consumed the 

Blythe. We 're a' here, like the bairns o' Blythe. — D., p. 46. 

Buttterburn. Ye 're like the laird o' Butterburn, " Whatever is, 
is right." A jeer at an optimist who, when lying in the 
ditch and calling for help, was answered with his own 
saying. — D., p. 6. 

Cartington. The couts o' Cartington. — D., p. 121. 

Catton (in Allendale). 

When ye lang for a mutton- bone 
think on the Wedderstone. 


LOCAL PROVERBS. Northumberland. 

A sheepstealer, carrying off a sheep round his neck, was 
strangled by its slipping off the stone on which he was 
leaning while resting his booty. C/. F. W., Devonshire, 
Hanging Stone. 

The gowks o' Davey Shield. — D., p 124, Nr. Otterburne. 

DoDDiNGTON. "Where have ye been to-day?" "Where the 
devil hanged his grannie ! " i.e. A wood above Doddington 
with a hanging crag. — D., 116. 

A DuNSTANBOROUGH diamond (crystal*). Applied to the female 
children. — D., 44. 

* Found on coast. 

The long gauntsf o' Elishawe 
were heard in 't 'loans :|: o' Blakelaw. — D., no. 
t Sighs. I Pastures. 

Elsdon Moat. The hob thrush of Elsdon Moat. — D., 120. 

EsHOTT Hall. Hearts is trumps at Eshott Hall [Nr. Felton]. — 
D., 112. 

Felton. The little priest of Felton, the little priest of Felton, 
he killed a mouse within his house 
wi' never a one to help him. — D., 45. 

Halterburn. It 's like the butter o' Halterburn [famous for 
gipsies and near Yetholm] it would neither rug nor rive, 
nor cut wi' a knife; it was confounded (bewitched). — D., 1 16. 

Hartley. Hartley and Hallowell a' bonnie lassie, 
fair Seaton Delaval a' ya', 
Earlsdon stands on a hill a' ya', 
near to the Billy Mill a' ya'. — Hll. 

Hebburn. It 's no a by-word like Hebbron Kirk (Hebburn). — 
D., 113, Rebuilt 1793. 

Go to Heckley Fence ! {i.e. to the devil.) — D., 115. 

Holy Island. It's always dry land over to Holy Island* 
(Lindisfarne) during Service time on a Sunday. — D., io8. 
* 2 m. across, passable between the tides. 

Horlstane. Up-hill turn again 

round about the Horlstane. 
(Allusion to a subterranean passage from a prison in Chilling- 
ham Park.) — D., 140. 

Hexham* the heart o' (all) England. — Brockett. 

* 20 m. W. of Newcastle. 
With a fortnight Fair every week, and a market-day on the 

Tuesday. — D., 58. 
Hexham hopenny (half-penny). — Brockett. 
A hoporth o' soat and a hopenny back, and there 's a socer to 
put it in. — D., 5S. 

VOL. I. 161 11 


A Hexham sixpence worth : a pennyworth of tey, and a 

pennorth o' shugar, three penny loaves, and a pennorth 

o' butther, and a pennorth o' hey (he) harreng, for my 

mother hkes melts (milts) best. — D., 6i. 
Go to Hexham ! i.e. to Jericho — to a bore. — N., VHL, iii. 233. 

A Newcastle saying.. 
He comes fra Hexham Green and that 's ten miles ayont hell 

{i.e. he is a mystery). — D., 59. 
Everyone to their ain hand like the pipers of Hexham. — D., 59. 
Hexham, where they kneeband lops,*'" and put spectacles upon 

blind spiders. — D., 60. Cf. Cotherston in Yorkshire. 

i.e. fleas. 
Silly-goodnatured like a Hexham goose, bid him sit down and 

he'll lie down. — D., 60. 
The country gowks are pleating* their geese and sending the 

feathersf to Hexham. — D., 60. 

* i.e. plucking. f snowing. fcastle. 

He 's getten up the lang stairs, i.e. to prison. — D., 60. Cf. New- 
Hexham, famed for gloves and hatters. — D., 60. 

Hexham measure : up-heaped, press'd down and running 
over, — D., p. 58. 

heaped and running over. — N., V., x. 394. 

The auld wives o' the Lee, [in Hexhamshire] 
they canna weel see, 

they tak up the bedclothes in the stree. — D., 44. 
A *HowDEN-pan cant [or canter], i.e. a fall or upset. — D. 

* 5 m. E. by N. from Newcastle. 
HowiCK. The wind's in Howick hole (i.e. a storm from the S.E, is 

Cf. " Is the wind in your hole this morning? " referring to the 
wind-hearth, a hole for ventilation made to the outer air 
for turf fires. 

Canny Lang Benton, bonny Seaton Delaval. — D., 124. 

The clegs [or gadflies] o' Lisleburn [par. of Corsenside] — D., 124. 

We '11 mak 't out amang us as the folks o' Lisleburn did the 
Lord's Prayer. — D., 125. 

The Keaves* o' Lorbottle [near Rothbury] . Alluding to their 
big, shapeless feet. — D. 

* Large tub or vessel. 
The wise folks o' Lorbottle, who tried to build in the cuckoo. — D. 
Also to catch the moon on the hill-top. — lb., p. 135. 

The Morpeth butcher's welcome: "Eat, there's mair nor we 
can eat." — D., 143. 

Mitfordf was Mitford when Morpeth was none, 
and Mitford shall be Mitford when Morpeth is gane. — D., 105. 
t A village 2 m, W. of Morpeth. 


LOCAL PROVERBS. Northumberland. 

Morpeth town shall come to nought, 

and Prudhoe castle fall, 
and all the town of Monkchester I 

shall be without a wall. — D., io6. 
:|: The old name for Newcastle. 

He's driving his swine to Morpeth market, i.e. snoring. — D., 41. 

It 's Wednesday at Morpeth, Thursday at Langtown, and 
Friday at Allendale town. (Answer to enquiries, What 
day of the week is it ? These are the respective market- 
days.) — D., 112. 


Newcastle Scots are the worst of all Scots. — D., 78. 

Burr-castle. A sobriquet for Newcastle. Capital of Croakum- 
He has the Newcastle burr in his throat. — G. 

A Scotish man and a Newcastle grindstone travel all the world 
over. — F. W. 

Canny Newcassel — R., 1S13, i.e. neat, clean, handsome, 
becoming, honest, &c.— D. 

To carry coals to Newcastle — F. W. ; Graunt's Observations on 
Bills of Mortality, 1665 ; Ded. 

As common as coals from Newcastle. — T. Heywood, 2d Pt. 

of Queen Elizabeth's Troubles, 1606, p. 77. 

The Black Indies. — G., Diet. 

Streets of Stairs, 

whoever climbs them swears. 

i.e. Castle Stairs, Long Stairs, and Tuthell Stairs, leading to 
the Upper Town Moor, now destroyed. 

As old as Pandon yate. — Brockett. One of the town gates. 

He 's getten into limbo up the nineteen steps (i.e. of the Old 
Castle Gaol).— D., 78. 

To stand like a Newcastle fish-wife. — D., 75. 

Newcastle Geordies. A sailor's nickname for those of that 
port. — D., 44. 

A Sandhiller. An inhabitant of the Billingsgate of NeAvcastle, — 

D., 75- 
A Sandgate rattle. The toe and heel shuffle or dance. — D., 81. 

A Q^ay-side umbrella, i.e. a swill or empty basket inverted on 
the forehead and back. — D., 80. 

Newcastle hospitality. Roasting your friend to death. — 

As rich as Cock's canny hinnies (daughters of a Newcastle 
Alderman).— D., 78. 

Noo, noo, canny Judge, play the reet caird, and its a deed pig, 
quoth the Mayor of Newcastle, i.e. all up with the adver- 
saries. — D., 80. 



The Nine Trades of Newcastle : three of wood, three of thread, 
and three of leather. — D., 82. 

Byker Hill and Walker Shore,* 
collier lads for ever more. — D., p. 35. 
* Walker Iron Works on Tyne. 
You must go to Gateshead to hear Newcastle news. — D., 83. 

A Newcastle ball (at cricket), i.e. a bad one. — D. {Durliam, 66). 
Cf. SunderlBnd. 

If we cannot win the Old Castle we must build a Newcastle. — 
D., 87. (Attributed to William Rufus ; now used by those 
who change their calling.) 

Of all the churches of our land — 

let them be ne'er so braw — 
St. Nicholas t of Newcastle town 

yet fairly bangs them a'. — D., 88. 
+ Famous for its steeple. 

By hammer and hand 
all Arts do stand. | 
I 1679. Inscription over one of the doors of the Friary. — White, p. 93. 

Templum, Portus, Castrum, Carbo, Salina, Molaris. 
Murus, Pons, Salmo, Schola sunt Novi gloria Castri. 

D., 89; Grey, Chorographia. 

Newcastle. At the Westgate came Thornton in [Stow, 

with a happen hapt in a ram's skyne. — Leland, Itin. by 
with a hap,* a halfpenny and a lamb's skin. — Brockett. 
* A hap is a coarse coverlet. 
To rise from a hope. — Killigrew, Parson's Wedding, ii. 7. 1663. 
A Newcastle distich relating to Roger Thornton, a wealthy 
merchant and benefactor to the town. 
Thornton (the pedlar) enters with needles and a lambskin, singing : 

Begone, begone, my juggy, my puggy. 

Begone my love, my dear ; 
My money is gone, and ware have I none. 

But one poor lambskin here. 

He then says : "I have a terrible mind to be a horrible rich 

" Go to Newcastle, take thy fate 
Yet ere thou enter, count thy state. 
If service in that place you get. 
Thy wealth shall rise to infinite ; 
And Thornton's name in England stand 
The richest subject in the land." 
Reciting this prophecy, he finds "his state" to consist of one poor 
halfpenny and a lamb's skin. He then writes on a tile : — 
" Here did Thornton enter in 
with hap,* a halfpenny, and a lambskin." 

Anty. Brewer, The Love-sick King, ii., 1655. 
* "Hap" is "luck." 


LOCAL PROVERBS. Northumberland. 

To take Hector's cloak. To deceive a friend who confideth in 
his faithfulness. — F. W. 

Tho' Percy, Earl of Northumb''' in 1569, hid after his unsuc- 
cessful rebellion against Queen Elizabeth in the house 
of one Hector Armstrong, who, however, for money- 
betrayed him to the Regent of Scotland. — F. W. 

Under Newcastle cloak, Brockett describes: "A large barrel 
formerly used in Newcastle as a punishment intiicted on 
drunkards and other disturbers of the public peace. One 
end of it was taken out, and a hole being made in the 
middle of the other to admit the head of the person 
appearing through it, by which contrivance the vessel was 
borne upon his shoulders." — North County Words. 


They '11 all come back again Hke the pies o' Pelton. — D., 107. 
Thicker and ranker, like pies o' Pelton. — D., ih. 

RoTHLEY. [10 m. W.N.W. of Morpeth]. 

Brunt and scadded, like the fairies o' Rothley. — D., p. 46. 
Rattenraw-burn will not make a crowdy after May-day, i.e. 
there will be no meal left after seed-time owing to the 
owners' poverty. — D. 
As wide as Rimside Moor. — D., p. 102. [Near Chillingham.] 
I wadna be o' Rimside Moor to-night wi' a black pig by the 
tail. — D., loi. 
St. Abb, St. Helen, and St. Bey,*- 
they a' built kirks whilk to be nearest to the sea, 
St. Abb's upon the nabs, St. Helen's on the lea, 
St. Bey's upon Dunbar sands stands nearest to the sea. 

(Traces of St. Ebba's Chapel remain on the knap or link-top 
above Beadnall Bay, N. of Sunderland.) 
* Three princesses of Northumbria. 
See Scotland. 

Smoky Shields. — D., 107. 


The Spittal wives are no very nice, 
they bake their bread with bugs and lice, 
and after that they skin the cat, 
% and put it into their kail-pat, 

that makes their broo' baith thick and fat. — D., 124. 

The Spittallers butter their bread on both sides. — D., 139. 

Thropton, near Rothbury. 

Tatey-town folks. The potato first grown there. — D., 125. 

Auld Wark upon the Tweed 

has been many a man's deed [death]. — D., 126. 

As bold as the laird of Whinetley. — D., 39. 



Cold Wydon* stands on a hill, 

hungry Redpath* looks at it still. — D., 107. 

* Two villages in the Vale of Blenkinsop or Gilsland. 


To teach one the way to Wallington. — D., 14. (When a player 

is winning by high cards ) 
If you give your horse the bridle he '11 carry you to Wallington. 
— D., 17. (Allusions to the hospitalities of that seat of 
the Fenwicks. It has latterly belonged to the Blacketts.) 

A Tweedale whore, a Redesdale rogue, a Tindale thief, a Weardale 
wolf, a Teesdale tupe. — D., 25. 
Berwick upon Tweed, 
Newcastle upon Tyne, 
Alnwick for white bread, 
Morpeth for swine. — D., 67. 

Eyemouth for a bonny lass, 
and Coldingham for swine. — Ih. 

Spittal for cuddies and 
Tweedmouth for swine. —lb. 

Harnham'^ was headless, 
Bradford! was breadless, 
Shaftoe:]: pick'd at the Craw,§ 
Capheaton || was a wee bonny place, 
but Wallington^ bangs them a'. 

* 8 m. S W. of Morpeth. t 9 m. S.W. of Morpeth. 

J 9 m. W.S.W. of Morpeth. § i.e. the Crasters, owners of Hartburn. 

II 10 m. W.S.W. of Morpeth. 
H II m. W. of Morpeth. Seat of the Trevelyans [Fenwicks]. — Brockett. 

Rothbury* for goat's milk, 
and the Cheviots for mutton ; 

Cheswickf for cheese and bread, 

and Tynemouth for a glutton. — N., I., vii. 165. 
* 26 m. N.W. of Newcastle. + 11 m. S.S.E. of Berwick. 
Cuckenheugh there 's gear enough, CoUierheugh there 's mair, 
for I 've lost the key of the Bounders, I 'm ruin'd for ever mair. 
Ross for rabbits, and Elwick for kail, 
Of a' the towns eer I saw Howick for ale, 
Howick for ale, and Kyloe for scrubbers, 
Of a' the towns eer I saw Lowick for robbers, 
Lowick for robbers, Buckton for breed [bread]. 
Of a' the towns eer I saw Holy Island for need, 
Holy Island for need, and Grindon for kye, 
Of a' the towns eer I saw Doddington for rye. 
Doddington for rye, Bowingdon for rigs, 
Of a' the towns eer I saw Barmoor for whigs, 
Barmoor for whigs, Tweedmouth for doors, 
Of a' the towns eer I saw Ancroft for whores, 
Ancroft for whores, and Spittal for fishers, 

Of a' the towns eer I saw Berrington for dishes [? dishers]. — D., 137. 
(All but Howick are in N. Durham.) 


LOCAL PROVERBS. Northumberland. 


Elliotts and Armstrongs, ride thieves all (moss-troopers). — D., 27. 
Lord Northumberland's arms. A black-eye. — Grose. Cf. Percy in 

Bellingham. Amicus amico Alanus 

belliger belligero Bellinghamus. 

He was Treasurer of Berwick and Deputy Warden of the 
Marches, temp. Hen. VHI. — D., 22. 

Blaydon bred and Meldon fed 
but Dilston Ha' destroy'd it a'. 

(Cattle on the estate of the impoverished Derwentwater family). 
— D., 103. 

Callaly Castle^-' stands on the height, 
Up in the day and down in the night ; 
Set it upf on the shepherd's haugh, 
there it shall stand and never fa'. — D., 103. 

* Seat of the Claverings, 5 m. N. of Rothbury, the site having been settled by 
supernatural direction. f Down — Walcott. 

The Collingwoods*" have borne the name 
since in the bush the buck f was ta'en, 
but when the bush shall hold the buck 
then welcome faith and farewell luck. 

" The Raid of the Reidswire," Bishopric Gavland. 

* The courteous Collingvvoods. 

t In allusion to the crest of the family of Lilburne Tower. 

Charlton of Hesleyside. Archie Reed, a successful trader, got 
possession of their lands, named below, in the i8th Century. 

Hunterley Dunterley stands on yon hill, 
hungry Hesleyside looks at it still : 
the Reins and the Riding, Longhaugh and the Shaw, 
Bellingham, Boggle-hole and the Iver Ha', 
The little man of the Moulting"^ striddles over them a'. — D.^ i ig. 

* The malt-kiln. 

Like the Elliotts o' Swinside : water them well and they '11 need the 

less corn. — D., 27. i.e. Give them drink. 
Sir John Fenwick 's a flower amang them, 

he look'd ower his left shoulder and big the Hexham-lads gang hang 
them. — D., 123. 

The fierce Fenwicks. — D., 9. 

The warlike band of Fenwick. — lb. See Wallington. 

The greedy Greys. There never was a good Grey with an E in 

his name. — D., 22. 
The meikle pat o' Haggerstone maks mony a papist. Said by Sir 

Carnaby Haggerston of his wife's converting power. — D., 126. 

Sae lang as the Hanging Crag shall stand 
there'll aye be a Ha' on Bewick*-' land. 

Families of that name still live in Bewick. — Murr. 

* 7 m. S.E. of Wooler. 



The Proud Percys. — D., 6. 

" I, King Athelstan, give unto the[e] Pole Roddam 

From me and mine unto thee and thine 

before my wife Maude, my daughter Maudlin and my eldest son Henry 

and for a certain truth I bite this wax with my gang-tooth* 

As long as muir bears moss f and knout grows hare 

A Roddam of Roddam for ever mair." 

Durham Wills, Surtees Soc, pt. ii. 167. 
The rubus chamccmonis or knoutberry, popularly called " Noops," 
grows in profusion on the higher parts of the Cheviots and 
Hedgehope near at hand. — Murr. 
* A grinder or wang-tooth. — Verstegan. f Or sheep bear wool. 

The friendly Forsters. — Walter Besant, Dorothy Forster, ch. ii. 

There are in Northumberland (one may thank Heaven for it) as 
many Forsters as there are Fenwicks, and more. First it 
has been said, but irreverently, the Lord made Adam and 
Eve and then he made the Forsters. — Ih. 

" Umfreville and Estoteville 

the Wyville and the Tancarville 

all cam here wi' Norman Will." — D., 23. 

The Meadow Bank grows clover rank, 
and Cheeseburn Grange grows tansey, 
but go I will to the Stob Hill X 
and court my bonny Nancy. — D., 114. 

X In Stamfordham. 

Hartley and Hallowell a' ya' bonnie lassie, 

fair Seaton Delaval a' ya'. 

Earsdon stands on a hill a' ya' 

near to Billy Mill a' ya'.— D., 113. [All near N. Shields.] 

" The burthen is the nurses' lullaby 

See A you a hinny." — Brockett, Gloss, of N.C. Words. 

Waterless Walwick * stands upon the hill, 

hungry Humshaughf looks at it still, 

Cockelaw and Keepick |' stand in a raw, 

there's awks in the Kirn in Easington Ha'. — D., 116. 

* Par. of Warden. f Par. of Simonburn. \ Par. of St. John, Lee. 


When Chevyut ye see put on his cap 

Of rain ye '11 have a wee bit drap. — Higson. 

Tho' Cheviot's top be frosty still 

he 's green belaw the knee, 
sae don your plaid, and tak' your gad, 
and gang awa' wi' me. — Murr. 

When Cheviot gets on his hat, 

an' Harnam Law her hood, 
a' the wives o' Kale an' Boumont 
may expect a flude. — Murr. 
The Cheviots for muttons, and Chillingham for beeves, 
Newcastle for its whores, and Redesdale for thieves. — D., 104. 


LOCAL PROVERBS. Northumberland. 

Bilhope braes for bucks and raes, 

and Carit haugh for swine, 
and Tarras* for the good bull trout, 

if he be ta'en in time. — Brockett. 
* A stream rising under Pike Fell in E. Dumfries, and running S.S W joins 
the Esk at Irvine Bridge. 


One mile of the Tyne's worth ten o' the Tweed 
except for beef and salmon and good brown bread. — D., 93. 
Escaped the Tees and was drowned in the Tyne. — D., 92. 
Tweed says to Till, or, Till said to Tweed, 

*' What gars ye rin sac still ? " " Though fast I rin 

And still I gaun 
Yet I drown twae men 
Where ye drown yen." 

Till says to Tweed, or, " What gars ye rin sae gleed* ? 

" Though ye rin with speed, For as slow as I go. 

And I rin slaw. And as hard as ye rin, 

Yet where ye drown ae man A' can drown twae men 

I drown twa ? " — D., p. 92. When ye can drown but yin ! " 

^y Berwickshire. 

" Div ye no ken * [or reed ? Wooler.'] 

Where ye can drown ae man 
I drown ten ? " — Murray. 
" Foot of Breamish and head of Till 
meet together at Bewick Hill." 

A stream which changes its name at this point, between x\lnwick 
and Wooler. — Murr. 

Says the Pont to the Blyth, 

" Where thou drowns yan I drown five ; " 

Says the Blythe to the Pont, 

'* The mair shame on 't." — D., 94. 

At Weldon Brig there 's wale o' wine 

If ye hae coin in pocket ; 
If ye can throw a heckle fine 

There 's wale o' trouts in Coquet. 

The lasses of Tyne who fearless shine, 

are mirrors of modesty too, 
but the lasses of Coquet put all in their pocket ; 

go the» to Coquet and woo. (The river at Warkworth.) — Murr. 
The pea-Kytes o' Coquet. The sheakle- makers* o' the Wood- 
side. — D., 50. 

* Birch-twigs twisted for cordage. 

The Tyne, the Tees, the Till, the Tarset, and the Tweed, 

The Alne, the Blyth, the Font, the Tarret, and the Read. 

oVf The Tees, the Tyne, and Tweed, the Tarret, and the Till, 

the Team, and Font, and Pont, the Tippal, and the Dill. 

D., 92. 




Nottinghamschir full of hoggys. — Had. MS. 

Notynghamshire ful of hogges. — Rawl. MS. 
To Derby is assigned the name of '* wool and lead," 
As Nottingham of old (is common) ale and bread. — Drayt., Pol. 

Gervase*' the gentle, Stanhope the stout, 
Marsham the lion, and Sutton the lout. 

Queen Eliz., On 4 Nottinghamshire Knights. 

* Sir Gervase Clifton. 

I '11 chance it, as parson Home did his neck. Notts. A murderer 

who returned from abroad and was executed. — N.,Y., x lo. 
Like Morley's ducks, born without a notion. Notts. — N., V., x. lo. 
Aynho [6 m. S.E. of Banbury]. See Oxfordshire. 
Balderton [2 m. S.E. of Newark]. 

Balderton crows and Newark jackdaAvs 

Went into a field ter feight ; 
Balderton crows licked Newark jackdaws. 

Though there wor ten ter eight. 

Rookeries existed about the village of Balderston, and jack- 
daws inhabited the towers of the old Church at Newark. — 
Thos. Ratcliffe. N., VIL, v. 66. 

Beeston [3 m. S.W. of Nottingham]. See Eaton. 

Bingham. See Colston. 

All the world and Bingham will be there, i.e. the company will 
be numerous, and perhaps more numerous than select. 
A snub to a rising town with petty ambitions. — St. Swithin. 
A/"., HL, iii. 233. Cf. Northants, Little Billing. 

Bramcote o' th' hill [4 m. S.W. of Nottingham]. See Eaton. 


The 3 bells of Bulwell say, "Who rings best ? who rings best ? " 
the 2 bells of Radford reply, " We do, we do," 
the I bell at Hyson Green calls out "No, no." — N., VL, ii. 514. 

Churches in the neighbourhood of Nottingham. 
Chilwell [4 m. S.W. of Nottingham]. See Eaton. 
Clifton with Glapton [4 m. S.W. of Nottingham]. 

Clifton and Glapham are all as one, 

but Clifton has a church and Glapham none. — Briscoe. 

Colston [4 m. S. of Bingham], i.e. Colston Bassett. 

Colston's crackt pancheons, Screveton egg-shells, 
Bingham's 'tro-rollers, and Whatton merry-bells. 

N., VI., ii. 514. 
Go pipe at Colston, there's a peascod feast. Spoken in derision 
of busybodies. — R., 1678. Cf. Derbyshire, Padley. 

CoLWicK (a suburb of Nottingham). See Eaton. 

Cossal [6 m. W.N.W. of Nottingham]. See Crich, in Derbyshire. 



The DuKERY. The road between Mansfield and Worksop passes 
thro' a group of noble parks which from their having origin- 
ally belonged to former Dukes have fixed upon this district 
the well-known name of the Dukery. The Duke of Norfolk, 
however, has sold Worksop to another noble family, and 
the Dukes of Kingston are extinct, succeeded in the pos- 
session of Thoresby by their descendant in the female line, 
Earl Manvers. The Dukes of Portland and Newcastle 
remain at Welbeck and Clumber. This aristocratic territory 
occupies that part of the area of Sherwood Forest where 
the most palpable traces of that ancient forest are preserved 
— Murr. 

Eaton [Idleton]. 

Eaton, and Tatton, and Bramcote o' th' hills, 
beggarly Beeston, and lousy Chilwell ; 
waterside Wilford, hey little Lenton, 

Ho ! fine Nottingham, Colwick, and Snenton. — N., L,v. 573. 

(Suburbs of the city.) 

Gotham [6 m. S.S.W. of Nottingham] . 

As wise as a man of Gotham. — F. W. See Sussex and Shropshire. 
Andrew Borde says they once tried to hedge in a cuckoo, 
tumbled their cheeses down-hill to find their way to 
Nottingham market, and further the women being told 
to wet the meal before giving it to the pigs, threw it 
into the well and the pigs in after. 
Saint Fools of Gotam — Bp. Hall, Sat., H., v. ig. 

Holme [3 m. N. of Newark] . 

Barton Knight, who made a fortune by the woollen trade, put 
this rhyme in his window : — 

I thank God and ever shall 

it was the sheep that paid for all. 

Sharp, British Gazetteer, 

Idleton [2 m. S. of E. Retford] . See Eaton. 

King's Sutton [4^ m. S. of Banbury.] See Oxfordsh. 

King's Sutton is a pretty town 

and lies all in a valley, 
it has a pretty ring of bells 

beside a bowling alley : 
^ Wine and liquor in good store, 

pretty maidens plenty, 
can a man desire more ? 

there ain't such a town in twenty. — Hll., N. Rhy. 

Cf. Middlewick (Cheshire). 
Lenton [i m. W.S.W. of Nottingham] . See Eaton. 
Marnham [4 m. E. of Tuxford] on the Trent. 

The wind's gotten into Marnham Hole — more rain. — Peacock, 

L incolnsh ire G lossa ry . 



Newark, Would they pull down the gallery builded new, 

With the churchwardens' seat and Burleigh pew, 
Newark for light and beauty might compare 
With any church but what cathedrals are. 

Bp. Corbet, Iter Boreale. 
See Balderton. 

Nottingham. Non-such Nottingham. — Franck, NortJievn Memoirs^ 
1694, PP- 239, 258. 
Nottingham was once famous for the skill of its workers in iron, 

who resided in Girdlesgate and Bridlesmith Gate — Murr. 
The little smith of Nottingham 
who doth the work that no man can. i.e. ooti's. — F. W. 

But seeing it is known that a blacksmith of London did make 
a lock and key so little that a fly could draw it, why 
should not the Httle smith of Nottingham (whose art is 
thought to excel all art of man) frame a little chapel in a 
little room ? — Rev. Chas. Butler, The Feminine Monavchie ; 
or, A Treatise Concerning Bees, Oxford, i6og, B. 3 v". 
D. What is that that is a wryte and no man 
and he doth that no man can 
and yet it serveth before God and man ? 

R. That is a be[e]. — Demaundes Joyous, W. de Worde, 151 1 * 
reprinted in J. M. Kemble's A.S. Dialogues, ^Ifric Soc, 

Go, teach your grandam to sard. A Nottingham prov. — Ho. 

Nottingham where they knock 'em down, 

Oakham where they catch [or cook] 'em. 

Bringhurst where they bury 'em, 

and Cottesmore where they cry. — Evans, Leicestr. Phra., p. 296. 

Rockingham [10 m. N.E. of Market Harborough] . 

Rockingham poor people, 

nasty town, castle down,* 

one bell, wooden steeplef. — Athenaitm, 1873. 

* Nothing but the keep is left standing. 

t A substitute for one destroyed by Cromwell. 

ScREVETON [3 m. N.E. of Bingham] . See Colston. 

Sherwood. Covert de Sherwode. — Douce MS. 98. i.e. the Forest. 

Snenton (a suburb of Nottingham). See Eaton. 

Tatton. See Eaton. 

Thorney Abbey [2 m. W.S.W. of Southwell]. See Ramsey in 

TuxFORD [22 m. N.N.E. of Nottingham]. 

The ivy hangs there : long has 't hung there ; 
Wine is never vended strong there. 

Brathwait, Drunhen Barnah/s Jour. 

" ways like birdlime." — lb. 

Whatton [2 m. E. of Bingham]. See Colston. 



WiLFORD. Waterside Wilford [2 m. S.S.W. of NotP- on the Trent]. 
5^^ Eaton. 

Worksop [24 m. N. of Nottingham]. 

Hardwick for bigness, 

Worksop for height. — N., IV., ix. 160. See Derbyshire. 

Worksop Manor House (the Duke of Newcastle's Seat, 
rebuilt 1761 after a fire). It appears to have been 
since pulled down. 


Oxenfordschir gurd mare. — M.S. Harl., 7371 ; R.A., i. 269. 

Oxenfordshire, gyrde the mare. — M.S. Rawl. Leland. 

An outcry Oxford makes, " The scholars have been here, 
and little though they paid, yet have they had good cheer." 

Drayt. Pol., xxiii. 

Of the Colleges University is the oldest, Pembroke the youngest, 
Christ Church the greatest, Lincoln (by many reputed) the 
least, Magdalen the neatest, Wadham the most uniform, 
New College the strongest, and Jesus College (no fault but its 
unhappiness) the poorest, and if I knew which was the 
richest I would not tell, seeing concealment in this kind is the 
safest. New College is most proper for Southern, Exeter for 
Western, Queen's for Northern, Brazen-nose for North 
Western men, St. John's for Londoners, Jesus for Welshmen, 
and at other Colleges almost indifferently for men of all 
countries. Merton hath been most famous for School men, 
Corpus Christi (formerly called Trilingue Collegium) for 
Linguists, Christ Church for Poets, All Souls for Orators, 
New College for Civilians, Brazen-nose for Disputants, 
Queen's College for Metaphysicians, Exeter for a late series 
of Regius Professors, Magdalen for ancient, St. John's for 
modern Prelates, and all eminent in some one kind or 
other.— F. W. 

Adderbury. See Bloxham. 

Aynho on the hill, 

Souldern in the hole, 

and Fritwell wenches as black as a coal. 

Birmingham Weekly Post, May 24th, 1884. 

Aynho bell metal, 

Souldern tin kettle (bells). — lb. 

Aynho on the hill,* 

Clifton f in the clay, 

drunken Deddington,| 

and §gYam |1 highway. — N., V., ix. 319. 

* In N. Hants. f i m- E. of Deddington, on the Cherwell. 

t 15 m. N. of Oxford. §On. — BirmUigham Weekly Post, May 24th, 1884. 

'1 Hampton, or Hempton, a hamlet of Deddington. 



Banbury glosses (corruptions of truth). 

Latimer, Wks., Parker Soc, ii. 299, 

As wise as the Mayor of Banbury, who would prove that 
Henry IH. Avas before Henry H. — Ho., Neiv Sayings. 

Dirty Banbury's proud people 
built a Church without a steeple. 

The old church was pulled down in 1793 and a modern Italian 
one erected. — Murr. 

Like a Banbury cheese, nothing but paring. — Jack Drum's 
Entevtainment, iii. 1601. 

As thin as a Banbury cheese. — He., Epig., v. 24. 

More fine than any Banbury cheese. — G. Harvey, Letter Book, 

P- 91, 1573- 
Banbury zeal, cheese and cakes. — F.W. 

Banbury for cakes. — P. Roh., 1687 ; Camd. Brit. ; trans, by 
Holland, 1608. 

Banbury was noted for Puritanism, famous for twanging ale, 
zeal, cakes and cheese. — Braithwait. Strappado, 1615. 

See Drunken Barnahee's Journal, and n. in F.W. on misprint. 

As near akin as the cates of Banbury to the bells of Lincoln. — 
A Knack to Know a Knave, 1594. 

A receipt how to make a very good Banbury cake is given in 
Geo. Markham's English Housewife, 1615. It is a refined 

To Banbury came I, O profane one, 
"Where I saw a Puritane one 
Hanging of his cat on Monday 
For killing of a mouse on Sunday. 

Braithwait, Barnabee's Jour., I., 1638. And 
see Id. Strappado, 1615. 

Beverie de Bannebury. — Douce MS. 98, 13th Cy. 

Banbury ale a half-yard pot, 

the devil a tinker dares stand to 't. 

Wit Restored, 1658. 

He hath brought his hogs to a Banbury market (Malum 
retortum). — CI. See Haz., n. 162. 

Like Banbury tinkers, that in mending one hole make three.*' — 

(Meant of those that mar a business in mending it. — Ho.). 
* Who in stopping one hole make two. — Ho. 

The Puritan, the Anabaptist Brownist, 

Like a grand salet of tinkers ! what a town is't. 

Corbet, Iter Boveale. 





The tailor of Bisciter has but one eye,* 

he cannot cut a pair of green galagaskinsf if he were to try [die]. 

Aubrey, Remains. 
See Hll., Pop. Rhy., ^^ Dancing the Candle Rush." 

* See Oeil in Cotgrave. f Wide loose trousers. 

BiNSEY. Between Oxford and Godstow, often suffering from floods 
(Haz.) Uke the Port Meadow on the opposite side of the 

Where else. 

God help me! — N., L, iii. 44. 

Bloxham * for length, Adderbury f for strength, and King's Sutton J 
for beauty. Cf. Devonshire. f Murray. 

Three celebrated Church-spires : the last in Northampton. — 
* 3 m. S.W. of Banbury, f 3 m. S. of Banbury. X 4^ m. S.E. of Banbury. 

A BuRFORD bait ; viz., when one sips or drinks but part they still fill 
his cup until he drinketh all. — Ho. 

To take a Burford bait. A tippling drink.— F.W. 

" A proverbial expression for making a greedy meal." — Murr. 

Charlbury — Coggs — Combe — Crawley — Curbridge. See Hailey. 

Clifton. See Aynho. 

Deddington. See Aynho. 

DucKLiNGTON. See Hailey. 

Enstone [4 m. E.S.E. of Chipping Norton]. 

In Clent cow-pasture, under a thorn. 
Of head bereft lies Kenelm King-born. 
Said to have been inscribed in Golden Saxon letters on a 
paper dropt by an angel on the high altar of St. Peter's, 
Rome. — Murray. 

Fawler. Finstock. See Hailey. 

Fritwell [5 m. N.W. of Bicester]. 5^^ Aynho. 

Hampton or Hempton. See Aynho. 

Hailey, Crawley, Curbridge, and Coggs, 

Witney spinners, and Ducklington dogs [all near Witney]. 

Finstock-upon-the-hill, Fav/ler* down derry, 

Beggarly Ramsden, and lousy Chadbury.f 

** In par. of Charlbury. f Charlbury, nr. Chipping Norton. 

Woodstock for bacon, Bladen* for beef, 

HANDBORouGHf for a scurvy Knave, and Combe |' for a thief. — Murr. 

* I ra. S, of Woodstock. fThe Station for Blenheim, G.W.R. 

J Long Combe, 2 m. S.W. of Woodstock. 

Hog's Norton. N., V., ix. 175. 

I think thou wast born at Hoggs Norton, where pigs play upon 

the organs. — Flo. 




The bells of Oseney. i.e. of Oseney Abbey on the Isis S. of Oxford. 

The bells he cares not for a whit who hath a bell of his own 
which, when he lists to ring out, indeed they will rattle 
such a peal that will even drown the bells of Osney. 
— Strange Metamorphoses of Man, sec. 26, The Daw ; 1634. 

I did (as other idle Freshmen do), 
Long for to see the Bell of Osney too. 

G. Wither, Abuses (The Occasion), 1613. 

This is now Great Tom of Christchurch, one of the bonny 
Christchurch bells immortalised in Dean Aldrich's 
musical round. When removed from Oseney it bore the 
inscription : 

" In Thomge laude 
resono Bim-Bom sine fraude." 
It was recast in 1680. 

They bore various names. " Finito * Agnus Dei ' cnollentur 
Douce, Clement et Austin." — Hunter, Hallamshire Gloss,, 
s.v. Knoll. 


Oxford frames | 

Mixture (pepper-and-salt-coloured cloth). 

Sausage (coarsely minced, and not put in a skin). 

Oxford knives, 

and London wives. — Ho. 

Oxford for learning, London for wit, 

Hull for women, and York for a tit. — Higson, 209. 

Escole de Oxenford. — Douce AfS. 98, 13th Cy. 

When Oxford scholars fall to fight, before many months expir'd 

England will with war be fir'd. 

Chronica si penses cum pugnent Oxonienses, 

Post aliquot menses volat ira per Angliginenses. — F. W. 

They hold scholars to be as it were Bl' Oxford men — unnecessary 

guts that study only to grow hungry. — Thomas May, Life 

of Niw, p. 97. 

To have taken his degree at Blocksford. (A jeer at Gotham- 
ites.) — Torr. 

You were bred in Brazen-nose College. — Fuller, Giioiii. 
Testons are gone to Oxford to study at Brazen-nose. 

He., Ep., V. 63. F. W. 
The silver coinage being alloyed by Hen. VIII. showed the 
copper at the edges of these large coins. 
Send verdingales to Broad-gates in Oxford. He., Ep, v. 55. 
F.W., who ascribes their introduction to the need of con- 
cealing pregnancy in some light huswife. It was imputed 
to the Empress Eugenie that the crinoline was invented to 
establish the converse. 
Inroad-gates Hall was the original name of Pembroke Coll. 



They thrive as New College students, who are golden Scholars, 

silver Bachelors, and leaden Masters. — Ho. 
Castle of St. Thomas. The Penitentiary in St. Thomas' parish 

where Oxford prostitutes are sent. — G. 
Mesopotamia. A slang name for the land between the Cherwell 

and the Thames. 
Oxford is the home, they say, of movements, and Cambridge is 

of men. — P.M.G., 1/12, '85. 

Ramsden. See Hailey. 

The RoLWRiGHT Stones [2 m. N. of Chipping Norton], 
Of " The King," a huge monolith, it is said : 
" When Long Compton I shall see, 
King of England I shall be," 
but he was turned into stone.— iV., VL, xii. 225. 

SouLDERN [3 m. E. of Deddington]. See x\ynho. 

Spelsbury [4 m. S.E. of Chipping Norton] is perhaps played upon 
in the following : His Majesty bewailed that his grand- 
children, then young and tender, would be very chargeable 
to England when they grew to be men. It was their sole 
refuge. They might seek their fortunes in another place 
and come home by Spillsbviry. — Hacket, Life of Archbp. 
Williams, i. 208. 

Witney. The four B's of Witney : beauty, bread, beer, and 
blankets. — Murr. 

Witney blanketing. — De Foe, Tour, ii. 75. 

Woodstock. Maner de Wodestoke. — Douce MS. 98. i.e. manor. 
See Hailey. 

" Pray Mister Student, can you tell 
Which is the nearest way to Hell ? " 

" Some say Woodstock : I say Nay ; 
For Rochester 's the nearest way." 

An answer made by an Oxford undergraduate, to whom the 
profligate Earl of Rochester put the question. — Murr. 


Not in Had. MS. 

Pynnokshire is not to praise. 

A man may go it in to dayes. — Rawl. MS., 86. 

And little Rutlandshire is termed Raddleman. — Drayt. Pol. 

Rutland raddleman. — Drayton, Polyolh. Seller of red stone for 
marking sheep. — F. W. And see Wit at Several Weapons, 
Beaumont and Fletcher, ed. Dyce, iv. 45, Avhere the figurative 
allusion is indeHcate, though Mr. Hazlitt cannot see it. The 
singing voice is in question. 

VOL. 1. 177 12 


Sir Greg. What countryman, Master Voice ? 

Boy. Sir, born at Ely: we all set up in E-la, but our house 
commonly breaks in Rutlandshire. 

Sir Greg. A shrewd place, by my faith. 

Cottesmore [4 m. N.E. of Oakham]. See Oakham. 


Nottingham, where they knock 'em down, 
Oakham, where they catch 'em [or cook 'em] ; 
Bringhurst, where they bury 'em, 
and Cottesmore, where they cry. 

Evans' Leicestershire Phrases, p. 296. 

Stretton-in-the-Street [8 m. N.E. of Oakham]. 
where shrews meet. — R., 1678. 

An Uppingham trencher. — R., 1678. 

Wing [3 m. N.E. of Uppingham]. 

The wise woman lives at Wing ; 
she tries to hedge the cockoo in. 

Brogden, Provincial Words in Lincolnshire. 


Schropschir, my schinnes ben scharpe, 
Ley wood to the fir and 3ef me my harpe. 

MS. Harl. 7371. 

I am of Shropshire, my shines be sharpe. 
Ley wode to the fyre and dresse me my harpe. — MS. RawL 

[i.e. prepare, tune.] 

And Shropshire saith in her " That shins be ever sharp, 
Lay wood upon the fire, reach hither me my harp. 
And whilst the black bowl walks we merrily will carp." 

[i.e. we '11 chat as long as the drink lasts.] Drayt. Pol., xxiii. 

"Sharpshins" is still applied in Shropshire — first, to light heels; 
second, to sharp wits, as " Be off sharpshins ! " i.e. run away. 
" Now then, sharpshins, taking me up as usual." — Jackson, 
Shropshire Folk Lore. 

"Harp and carp"=play the harp and talk with me. Carpe, 
to talk, is very common in Mid- England. The Wif of Bathe 
could " laugh and carpe." — Chau., Prol. Canterbury Tales, 476 
(note by Skeat) ; Jackson, S.F.L., 581. 

Shropshire fare, i.e. fried eggs and bacon. Waggoners and such- 
like folk, stopping for refreshment at a public-house, will say : 
"Can yo gie us any S'ropshire ? " — Jackson, Shropshire Word 
Book, p. 379, 

Shropshire is full of trout and Tories. — Salopian Shreds and 
Patches, 7/4, '86. 

The pan-puddings of Shropshire. 



The Proud Salopians. When Hen. VI H. (or Charles IL) wished 
to make Shrewsbury a city and bishop's see, they declined, 
preferring that it should continue to be the first of Towns ; 
hence the sobriquet. — Jackson, S.F.L., 581. 

To all friends round the Wrekin [not forgetting the trunkmaker 
and his son Tom. — R., 1S13]. George Farquhar dedicated 
his Recruiting Officer (1705-6) to "All Friends," &c. 

To be "remembered to your friends round the Wrekin." — 

Congreve, Way of the World, iii. 15. 

This was a Hill in King Harry's days. — R., i678. 

As old-fashioned as Clent hills. — Old Humphry (Geo, Mogridge), 
Pithy Papers. 

May they be as everlasting as the Hills of Shropshire and the 
Shropshire Hills. — N., IV., vii. 132. This is gentle chaff at 
the Hill family, who claim to be "as old as the hills." Miss 
Jackson, S.F.L., p. 472, gives it: "The Hills of Shropshire, 
may they be as everlasting as the Shropshire Hills," and 
refers it to a toast in honour of the Peninsular general, 
Lord Hill. 

When it snows, Shropshire people say to children : " The Welsh- 
men are plucking their geese," sometimes adding "and sending 
their feathers to market " ; or (in E. Shrop.), " It 's the old 
woman plucking geese in Wales and sending us the feathers." 
— Jackson, S.F.L. 

Happy is the eye 

between Severn and Wye, 

but thrice happy he 

between Severn and Clee. — Jackson, S.F.L., 584. 

Bishop's Castle [9^ m. S.W. of Church Stretton]. 

"Oh, he comes from Bishop's Castle; they 'anna no doors at 
IBishop's Castle," said of one who went out of a shop 
leaving the door open. — Jackson, S.F.L. 

BiTTERLEY [4 m. N.E. of Ludlow]. 

Bitterley, Bitterley, under the Clee, 

devil take me if ever I come to thee. — Jackson. 

BoMERE Heath, [4 m. from Hadnall] 

where the devil catcht his death. — Jackson, 584. 


All of one side, like a Bridgnorth election. 

The borough, which before the Reform Act of 1832 returned 
two members to Parliament, included a large suburban 
district, mostly the property of the Whitmore family, of 
Apley Park, whose influence was predominant. 

Bridgnorth, a spot which Charles I. considered the most plea- 
sant in his kingdom, and some travellers say is like 
Jerusalem. — Sharp, British Gazetteer. 



The following are recorded as local sayings : 

Stand on one side, John Ball, and let my wife see the bar 

Cuup, cuup, master Thomas ! (Used whilst thrashing a lazy 

son through the streets.) — N., IL, xii. 501. 

Church Stretton, [12^ m. S.W. of Shrewsbury] 
where they eaten more nor they getten. — Jackson. 

(Surrounded by barren hills.) 

Clunton and Clunbury, Clungunford and Clun, 
are the quietest places under the sun. — Murr. 

dirtiest, drunkenest, pleasantest are variants. 

Jackson, S.F.L., 583. 

Four villages on the river Clun, which divides S. Shropshire 
from Montgomeryshire, and falls into the Teme near 

Whoever crosses Clun Bridge comes back sharper than he 
went (said of the moorland and border natives). — Jackson, 

CoNDOVER [4^ m. S. of Shrewsbury]. See Tibberton. 

Dawley [4 m. S.E. of Wellington] . 
Dawley oaves. — Jackson, S.F.L. 

DiLLusoN Yeth, [Dudleston Heath, N.W. of Ellesmere] 
where the devil was starved to djeth. 

[or, ketcht 'is djeth.] — Jackson, S.W.B., p. 516. 

The longer you live the more you see, 

Dudleston chapel-bell hung in a tree. — Jackson, S.F.L. 

Drayton-in-Hales, or Market Drayton. 

Drayton Dirty Fair — from the usually bad weather — on the 
Vv^ednesday before Palm Sunday. — Jackson. 

As sure as Hodnet sends the wind, 
a rainy day will Drayton find. 

When the [weather] cock {i.e. on Drayton Church) has his neb 
in Hodnet Hole [5^ m. S.W. of Drayton], look out for 
rain. — Jackson, S.F.L. 

Edgmond [2 m. W. of Newport] and its various townships. 

Tibberton tawnies [darkies], Cherrington chats [gossips], 

Wall dogs and Buttery rats, 

Edgmond men and Adeney cats. — Jackson. 

Four bull-dogs fast in a pen, 

darna come out for Edgmond men. — Edgmond vevsion. 

Edgmond bull-dogs made up in a pen, 

darna come out for Tibberton men. — Tibberton do. 

Ellesmere [ii m. S.W. of Whitchurch]. 

The Devil was flying over Ellesmere, and he said : ** Sweet 
little Ellesmere, you are all mine own." — Jackson, S.F.L. 



Ketley [if m. S.E. of Wellington]. 

A pretty Ketley set. An opprobrious nickname acquired by 
the employees at the ironworks established there early in 
this [the igth] century — Jackson, S.F.I^., 98. 

Llanymnech [6i m. S.W. of Oswestry]. 

Take heed how you go through Llanymnech, or you'll get your 
tail cut — Salopian Shreds and Patches, 7/4, '86. 
LoNGDEN. Haz., p. 386, refers to this place the saying (which he 

quotes from Higson, 131) : 

The stoutest beggar that goes by the way 
can't beg through Long on a midsummer's day. 

But of the two Longdens in Salop, one has a pop. of 99, 
the other of 371. Sharp {British Ga:^etteer, 1852) is doubt- 
less right in assigning it to Longdon in Staffordshire, "a 
village of some length." Pop., 1183. 

Medley bells. — Ho. See Leominster in Herefordshire. 

The Wise Men of Madeley (who hedged in the cuckoo). 
Cf. Gotham in Notts. 

Melverley, God help me ! 

and what do you think ? — N., L, i. 422. 
wheer else. — Jackson, S.F.L., 97. 
A parish 11 m. W.N.W. of Shrewsbury, at the junction of the 
Vyrnwy with the Severn, and so Hable to floods. It lies 
pleasantly under the Breiddon Hills. 
MoRFE. See Bridgnorth. 
Prees [4J m. S. of Whitchurch] . 

They say the Devil died here. — Jackson, S.F.L., 584. 
PuLVERBATCH [7J m. SS.W. of Shrewsbury] . See Church Pulver- 
Cothercot* up o' the 'ill, [batch. 

Wilderley* down i' the dale, 
Churton f for pretty girls, 

an' Powtherbitch for good ale. — Jackson, p. 518. 
* 5 m. N N.W. of Church Stretton. 
t i.e. Church Pulverbatch, 6 m. N. of Church Stretton. 

Huglith (a solitary hill-farm near Pulverbatch) was the last 
place God made, and he never allowed the sun to shine 
upon it.— Jackson. 

A storm will go three miles out of its way to come by 
Habberley to Churton. 


Stan' upon Trent, Stan' upon Wye, 

Clean Stan', Dirty Stan', and Stanton Lacy. 

Corve Dale ; Skeat in Jackson, S.F.L., 5S4. 

Shrewsbury. See Tibberton. 

Pelryn de Schrowesbury. — Douce, 98. i.e. to the shrine of 
St. Winifred in the Benedictine Abbey there. 



Like a Shrewsbury cake, short and sweet. — P. Rob., Mar., 1767. 

Of a rich closeness, Hke Scotch shortbread. 
I '11 sen' you to Sosebury [pronunciation of lowest class]. This 

means a threat of legal proceedings or of consignment to 

the county gaol. — Jackson, 519. 
He that fetcheth a wife from Shrewsbur)', must carry her into 

Staffordshire, or else shall live in Cumberland. — F. W. 

Women are born in Wiltshire, brought up in Cumberland, lead 
their lives in Bedfordshire, bring their husbands to 
Buckingham, and die in Shrewsbury. — Wit Restored, 1658. 

Stoke Yeth [Heath], wheer Owd Nick was clemm'd to djeth.— 

TiBBERTON [4 m. N.W. of Newport]. See Edgmond. 

It rains, it hails, it batters, it blows, 

the Tibberton girls are washing their clothes.* 

Jackson, S.F.L. 

(A wet washing-day betokened a faithless lover.) 
The same thing was said at Shrewsbury of the " Condover 

* An Edgmond jingle. 

Wem [10 m. N. of Shrewsbury] . 


says the clerk of Wem. — Jackson. 
The women of Wem and a few musketeers* 
beat Lord Capel and all his cavaliers. — Higson, 124. 

* In 1643 old women in red cloaks being posted to represent a military 

force. — ^^Jackson, 585. [Cf. The capture of the French troops landed at 
Fishguard, in Pembrokeshire, Feb., 1797. — Ed.] 

The W'em Ranters (a stronghold of Primitive Methodism). — 
Jackson, S.F.L., 98. 

A new church, an old steeple, 
A drunken parson and a wicked people. — lb. 
From Wem and from Wich, [i.e. Nantwich] 
and from Clive of the Styche, Good Lord, deliver us!* 

Jackson, 586 
* Prayer of the Shropshire Royalists. Col. Clive led the Parliamentary army. 

WiLDERLEY. See Pulverbatch. 

Wroxeter (Uriconium) [6 m. S.E. of Shrewsbury]. 
Near the Brook of Bell, there is a well* 
which is richer than any man can tell. 

* On the N. side of Watling Street, where it crosses the brook.— T. Wright, 

Uriconium, p. 80. 

SHROPSHIRE BELL-JINGLES. — JacksOn, S.F.L. , p. 605. 

"A nut and a kernell," 

say the bells of Acton Burnell [8 m. S.E. of Shrewsbury]. 
" A pudding in the pot," 

say the bells of Acton Scott [3 m. S. of Church Stretton]. 



" Pitch 'em and patch 'em," 
say the bells of Old Atcham [4 m. S.E of Shrewsbury]. 

Hold up your shield," 

say the bells of Battlefield*- [3 m. N.E. of Shrewsbury]. 
* Where Hotspur was killed, 1403. 

«' Wristle, wrastle," 
say the bells of Bishop's Castle. 

" Up, Severn, and down, Morfe,"t 
say the bells of Bridgnorth, 
t A hilly spot, with five tumuli on it, at Quatford, a suburb of Bridgnorth. 

" Roast beef and mutton," 
say the bells of Church Stretton. 

" Hop, skip, and run," 

say the bells of Clun [5^ m. N. of Knighton]. 
"Axes and brummocks," [= bilhooks] of Clun]. 

say the bells of Clungunnus [= Clungunford] [6 m. S.E. 

" Under and over," 
say the bells of Condover. 

*' A stick and a stone," 
say the bells of Edgton [4^ m. S.E. of Bishop's Castle]. 

" You 're too fond of beer," 
say the bells of Ellesmere. 

" Why don't you ring louder ? " 

say the bells of Hope Bowdler [2 m. S.E. of Ch. Stretton]. 
" Because we are beaten," of Ch. Stretton]. 

say the big bells of Eaton [under Heywood] [4^ m. S.E. 

" Buttermilk and whey," 
say the bells of Hopesay [5^ m. S.E. of Bishop's Castle]. 

*' An old lump of wood," 
say the bells of Leebotwood [4 m. N.E. of Ch. Stretton] . 

or " Lay a bottle in the wood," 
say the bells of Leebotwood. 

" Roas' goose an' gonder," 
say the bells of Longnor [2 m. S.E. of Shrewsbury]. 

" How dare you do so ? " 
say the bells of Ludlow [1795] . 

" Because I 've a mind," 
say the bells of Leintwardine [Herefordshire, 1795] . 

"„White bread and red wine," 
say the bells of Leintwardine."' 

• 9 m. W. of Ludlow at the confluence of the Teme and the Clun. 

" We must all die," 
say the bells of Lydbury [2^ m. S.E. of Bishop's Castle]. 

'* An owl in the tree," 
say the bells of Norbury [4 m. N.E. of Bishop's Castle]. 

*' Three crows on a tree," 
say the bells of Oswestry [18 m. N.W. of Shrewsbury]. 



•' Roast beef and be merry," 
say the bells of Shrewsbury. 

" Itchy and scabby," 
say the bells of the Abbey. 

" Three naked lads," 
\_or " Three golden spades,"] 

say the bells of St. Chad's. 

" Three silver pikels," [or " golden pikels "] 
say the bells of St. Michael's. 

"Three golden canaries," 
[^or " Buttercups and daisies," 
or " A new-born baby,"] 

say the bells of St. Mary's. 

" A boiling pot and stewing pan," 
say the bells of Julian. 

" You 're a rogue for sartin," 
say the bells of St. Martin. 

" Up the ridge and down the butt," 
say the bells of Smethycote [4 m. N. of Church Stretton] . 

" Roast beef and mutton," Shrewsbury], 

say the bells of Old Upton [Upton Magna, 3J m. E. of 

" Jack, and Jim the tailor, Wellington] . 

hang the rogue the ringer [Uppington, 4 m. S.W. of 

" Ivy, holly, and mistletoe," 
say the bells of Wistanstow [6 m. S. of Church Stretton]. 


Somersetschir good for whete. — MS. Harl. 7371. 

Somersetshire good for whete. — MS. Rawl. 


Mid-Somerset. One of the political divisions previously to 1885, 
and embracing the moors E. of Weston-super-Mare, acquired 
the name of Mud Somerset. 

'* Noted for the fertility of its soil and the folly of its gentlemen." — 
Bickham Escott, on Hustings at Taunton. 

" Confirms the legend that the Wise Men don't come from the 

Cornwall 's as ugly as ugly can be, 
Devonshire 's better certainly ; 
but Somersetshire 's the best of the three, 
and Somersetshire 's the country for me. 

Quoted by Southey in Espriella's Letters 
from England, ch. 76. 


LOCAL PROVERBS. somerset. 

De Foe, Tour of Gt. Britn., i., Lett. 3 (1724), says: "The 'boorish 
country speech ' about Yeovil, as in Ireland it is called the 
Brogue upon the Tongue, so here it is called ' Jouring.' The 
difference is in tone and diction and their abridging the 
speech ' cham ' for ' I am,' ' chill ' for * I will,' ' don ' for 
'put on,' and 'doff' for 'put off,' and the like." 

Here is Gerard's bailiff: work, or you must die with cold. — P. in 
R., 1678. 

Then Somerset says : " Set the bandog on the bull." — Drayt.,. 
Pol., xxiii. 

F. W. says that " the Mastiffs of Somerset were famous, and 
that the gentry and country-folk were much affected with 
the pastime of bull -baiting, though some scruple[d] the 
lawfulness thereof." — P. 18. 

The Barle and the Exe do both urn out o' the same rex-bush, 
i.e. clump of rushes. — Elworthy, West Somevset Word Booh. 

The Barle or Barley, after running a course of 20 m. S.E., 
rejoins the Exe below Dulverton. 

Bath. Bayn de Baa. — Douce MS. 98, 13th Cy. 

"The Bath Waters" have again (1884) come into high repute. 

Bath asparagus (ornithogalum umballaturn). 

beau — beauties. 

brick (resembling free-stone, but made at Bridgwater of 
the mud of the Parret). 

bun — chair — chap — cheese (curd) — coating — faggot 
(minced meat). See Scotch, warming-pan. 

metal — lozenge. 

OUvers (thin butter biscuits called after Dr. Oliver, the 

pipe — post (writing paper) — [freejstone (from the Box 

shilling (a gilt card counter*) — waters (hot springs) — rings ? 

* And although it may pass for gold on each ninney, 
Sure, we know a Bath shilling soon from a guinea. 

Swift, A Conference between Car and Clutriot. 

The beggars of Bath. — F. W. \i.e. the free patients at the 
Hospital] , attracted by all the two seasons the confluence 
of Gentry. — F. W. 

Go to Bath ! 

Residents at Bath are said to "forget to die." 

The Baths of Bath. [Clifton Hotwells are still under eclipse.] 

It seems all waters of this kind have (though far from the sea) 
their ebbing and flowing, I mean in esteem. It was then 
full tide with Wellingborough Well, which ever since hath 
abated, and now, I believe, is at low water in its reputation. 
— F. W., N'hants. 



Ludhudibras a jNIeazel Voule, did zend his zun a graezing, 
Who Vortuend hither vor to cum, and geed his Pigs sum peazun ; 
Poor Bladud he was Manger-grown, his Dad, which zum call Vaether, 
Zet Bladud Pig, and Pig Bladud, and zo they ved together. 
Then Bladud did the Pigs invect, who grunting ran away 
And vound whot waters prezently, which made um vresh and gay, 
Bladud was not so grote a Vool, but zeeing what Pig did doe, [toe. 
He beath'd and wash'd and rins'd and beath'd from Noddle down to 
Bladud was now (Gramercy Pig) a delicate vine boy, 
So whome he trudges to his Dad, to be his only Joy. 
And then he bilt this gawdy Town, and sheer'd his beard Spadewayes, 
Which Voke accounted then a grace, though not so nowadays. 
Two Thowsand and vive hundred years, and thirty-vive to that, 
Zince Bladud's zwine did looze their greaze, which we Moderns cal vat : 
About that time it was alzo, that Ahob's zuns were hanged 
And Jezabel their Mam (curz'd deel) caus'd Naboth be Stone banged. 
Chee cud zay more, but cham a veard, Voke will account this Vable, 
O Invidels if yee woon not me, yet chee pray believe the Table. 
Written by Tom Coriat of Odcombe on seeing "the great Table 
hung up against the Wall in the King's Bath," which sets 
forth the legend of King Bladud out of Geoffrey of Mon- 
mouth's Chronicle, and appended to Thermo: Redivivce. — 
The City of Bath described, S'C, by Henry Chapman, Gent"-, 
London. 1673. 8". 

Balnea, lympha, Forum, sic Templum, Moenia, Rivus, 
Talia tam parva, nusquam sunt urbe reperta. 
Baths, Church, Rock-water, River, Hall, Wall-round 
Such in so little a City nowhere found. — Ibid. 
These walls so rich in monument and bust 
Show how Bath Waters serve to lay the dust. 

(The interior walls of Bath Abbey are completely incrusted with 
memorials of strangers who have died in the City.) 

As to Bath Abbey, see ante, England, Historical and Prophetical. 
Beckington [3 m. N.E. of Frome]. See Frome. 

Cadbury. If Cadbury* and Dolburyf dolven were, [digged] 

all England might plough with a golden share. — R., 1813. 

* Camp-hills : one near Clevedon, the other near Wincanton. 
tNear Wrington, above Churchill. 

If Dolbury digged were, 

of gold should be the share. — Leland, liin. 

Chew Magna, Chew Stoke. See Stoke. 

Chew fine organ pipes, Stoke brass candlesticks. 
Chew Stoke. See Stoke. 

Cheddar cheese. — F'.W. As much difference as between Norfolk 

and Cheddar. — Torriano. 
Chard. In so high a situation that the stream of water in it being 

turned, as it easily may be north or south, will run, as 

is affirmed, either into the Severn or South Sea. — Gibson, 

note to Camden. 


LOCAL PROVERBS. somerset. 

Crewkerne. The first rain after Crewkerne Fair (Sept. 5) is the 
first rain of winter. 

CuLBONE [9^ m. W. of Minehead]. Sec Oare. 

DoLBURY, near Churchill [2 m. N. of Banwell]. See Cadbury. 

DuNDRY [5 m. S.W. of Bristol, Somersetshire side of Avon] . 
The origin of its name was caused in this wise. A local 
architect was commissioned to build various churches. 
He began with Saint Stephen's in Bristol, then moved a 
Bitt-on, and having finished a third, exclaimed, " Now 
I 'dun-dree." 

ExE (river). See Barle. 

Frome dumbledores, Beckington bees, and Road wopses (wasps). — 
H.,F.P. ; iV., v., vi. 277. 

Glastonbury. As old as Glastonbury Torre. — F. W. 

The Glastonbury Thorn is said to blossom at Christmas-tide. 

If the Abbot of Glaston could have married the Abbess of 
Shaston, the King of England would be the poorer man.— 
Som. & Dor. N . & Q., iii. 189. See Dorset (Shaftesbury). 

Bloomed in the winter of her days. 
Like Glastonbury Thorn. 
Sir C. Sedley, The Mulbervy Garden, " Ah Chloris." 

Hopton, Horner, Smyth, Knocknaile, and Thynne, 
when Abbots went out they came in, 

Aubrey's Lives, ii. 362. 

Portman, Horner, Popham, and Thynne, 
when the Monks went out they came in. 

Thynne's Animadversions on Chaucer, p. ix., ed. 1875. 
Horner, Popham, Wyndham, and Thynne, 
when the Abbot went out, then they went in. — Higson, 173. 

The four families to whom Glastonbury Abbey estate was 
granted at the Dissolution. 

HiNTON St. George [3 m. N. of Crewkerne]. The seat of the 
Lord Poulet, having every stone in the Front shaped 
Doule-ways, or in the form of a cart-nail. — F. W. 

The Holms (Steep and Flat, in the Bristol Channel). — Holmr, 
Icelandic, an islet. 
Then as the Holmes, two sturdy umpires, met 

Setwixt the quar'ling Welsh and English tydes ; 
In equall distance each from other set. 

As both removed from faire Severne's sides. 

Zouch's Dove, 1613. 

Horner [par. Luckham, 5 m. W.S.VV. of Minehead]. A favourite 
meet of the Staghounds. 

Oaks be trumps in Horner 'ood, 

there they grow'd and there they stood. 

Elworthy, Som. W.B. 



All Ilchester is gaol. The people hard-hearted, say prisoners 
there. — P. in R., 1678. 

Keynsham [5 m. S.E. of Bristol]. 

Canesham, commonly called "smoaky Canesham." — Rd. Blome, 
Britannia, p. 197. 

Long Sutton [3 m. E. of Langport]. 

Sutton Long, Sutton Long, 

at every door a tump* of dung, 

Some two, some three ; 

it's the dirties place that ever you see. — N., I., v. 375. 

*A round mass: a local word for the wooded top of a hill. So Ashtou 
Tump, near Clifton. 

Also parishes in Hants and Lincolnshire. 

Cf. As much as York, &c. 

MiNEHEAD. Minehead by the sea, 

Minehead on the down, 
Minehead at the quay, 
Minehead in the town. 
The town now consists of these four patches of dwellings, 
each half a mile from any other ; the church is on the 
down. This is formulated, however, by myself. 1880. 
Norton Fitzwarren [2 m. N.W. of Taunton]. See Taunton. 

Nertown was a market town 

when Taunton was a vuzzy down. — N., L, iv. 96. 

Mr. Warre, who reads " walled " for " market," thinks it 
was a British town. — Proceedings Som.^-Arch. Soc, 1849. 

Oare [6 m. W. of PorlockJ, 

Oare, Culbone, and Stoke Pero, 
three such places you never did hear o'. — Murr. 
Three celebrated meets of the Devon and Somerset Stag- 
hounds, and lying close round Dunkerry Beacon, the crown 
of Exmoor. 

Odcombe. Coryate, the author of the celebrated " Crudities," was 
the son of a Rector of Odcombe. He hung up the shoes 
in which he had walked 900 miles in Odcombe Church, 
somewhere about 1610. — Worth, Somerset Guide. 

He was credited with the introduction of forks into England 
from Italy. 

Pendummer [or Pendomer, a village 4 m. from Yeovil, near Coker], 
where the devil was stodged in the midst of summer. — 
West of England Archl. Transactions, 1873. 

Pensford [6 m. S. of Bristol]. See Stanton Drew. 

PoRLOCK. I rode [to Lynmouth] by the coast through Minehead 
and came to Porlock, where I had luncheon at "The 
Ship." The name of this place is, I believe, derived from 
the Saxon " Port locan," the locked or enclosed port ; but 
another derivation is given by the peasantry, . . . that this 


LOCAL PROVERBS. somerset. 

was the first place in which the devil landed in England, 
and that, finding himself hungry, he asked for such fare as 
they could give him, when a dish similar to my own, 
i.e. bacon and eggs, was set before him. " Poor luck 
this ! " exclaimed the luxurious traveller ; whereupon the 
name Porlock has been fixed upon the place for ever. — 
Rev. Wm. Quekett, My Sayings and Doings, p. 44, 1888. 

PoRTBURY [8 m. N.W. of Bristol]. 

Fuller, speaking of the wild strawberry in Devonshire as 
toothsome but small and sour (as growing wild, having 
no other gardner but Nature), adds : " They quickly 
acquire greatness and sweetness if transplanted into 
gardens, and become as good as those at Porbery, in 
Somersetshire, where ^20 per ann. (thank the vicinity 
of Bristol) have been paid for the tithe thereof." — 
F. W., p. 246. 

Priddy [3 m. N.N.W. of Wells]. 

The first rain after Priddy Fair (Aug. 21) is the first rain of 
winter. — Som. &■ Dev. N. & Q., iii. 115. 

Road. See Frome [from which it lies 4 m. N.E.]. Cf. Crewkerne. 

Shepton Beauchamp. 

Hang me right and ring me well, 

they '11 hear me sound at Hambdon Hill. 

H. T. Ellacombe, Church Bells of Somerset, 1875. 
Inscribed on one of the church bells. 

SoMERTON. A Somerton ending. When the difference between 
two is divided. — P. in R., 1678. i.e. splitting the 
difference. — G. 

Stanton Drew [7 m. S.E. of Bristol]. 

A mile from Pensford, another from Chue, i.e. Chew Magna. — 

Stukely, Itin., ii. 169. 1776. 
Stanton ding-dangs (bells). See Stoke. 

Stogursey [9^ m. N.W. of Bridgwater]. 

Out of the world and into Stogursey. — Haz., 2nd ed., 326. 
"Ex relatione H. Pyne, a Somerset man." 

Cf. Dorset, Bincome. 

Stoke Pero [3 m. S. of Porlock], See Oare. 

Stoke* brass candlesticks, Winford brass pans. 
Chew fine organ-pipes, and Stanton ding-dangs. 
•■ Chew Stoke [6 m. S. of Bristol]. 

Taunton. See Norton. 

When Taunton was a furzy down 
Norton was a walled town. — Mur. 
'ch was bore at Taunton Dean ; where should I be bore 

else ?— R. W. 
W^here should I be bore else thon in Tonton Deane ? — F. W. 



Zich glorry vatt Ducks but zildom are zean, 

Where should they be bore but about Taunton Dean ? 

S. Wesley (the grandfather of John and Charles 
Wesley), Maggots, p, 74, 1685. 
He is speaking of wild ducks caught in a decoy in Somerset- 
shire. — Note p. 74. 

So high's Marlin tower, i.e. St. Mary Magdalen Church, 
Taunton. — Elworthy, W. Som. W. B. 

Our noble Sheriff's a-dying, and I fear 
W^ill never feast us more in Taunton-shire. 

Alex. Brome, Epistle to C. S., Esq. 

Watchet. When Watchet is all washed down, 

Williton shall be a seaport town. 

Quoted by Rd. Jefferies, " Summer in Somerset," 
in Field and Hedgerow, p. 284. 

Wellington Roundheads, i.e. fanatics. — P. in R., 1678. A Taunton 
proverb (from their attachment to the Parliamentary cause. 
— Muri). 

Weston-super-Mare is called Weston- super- Mud ; also Bristol- 

Williton. See Watchet. 

WiNFORD [5 m. S.W. of Bristol]. Winford brass pans (bells). 
See Stoke. 

Wicked Wiveliscombe. — Worth, Handbook to N. Devon. 

Upon Sir Abraham Elt being knighted and taking the name of Elton. 

In days of yore old Abraham Elt 
When living had nor sword nor belt ; 
But now his son, Sir Abraham Elton, 
Being knighted has both sword and belt on. 

MS. Harl. 7318, p. 206. Hll. 

Abm. Elton, M.P. and Mayor of Bristol, 1710; created a Bart. 
Oct. 31, 1717. 


Staffordschir full of shrewd quenys. — MS. Harl. 

Staffordshire, ful of quenys. — MS. Rawl. 

Staffordshire for beer and bread, 
Derbyshire for wool and lead ; 
Cheshire, the chief of men, 
and Lancashire for fair women. 

W. W., New Help to Discourse, p.113. 1659. 

For boots and shoes and slippers rare 
what shire with Stafford may compare. 

Langford, Staffordshire and WarwnchJiire Past and Present, i. 



Then Staffordshire bids : " Stay, and I will beet* the fire, 

And nothing will I ask, but goodwill for my hire." — Drayt., Pol., xxiii. 

* Mend. 

Among soldiers Stafford law, martial law, killing and hanginj^^ is 
soon learned. — Breton Scholar and Soldiey, p. 26. Speech of 
Miles Corbet, 1647. Harl. Misc., i. 243. 
This, of course, is a pun, alluding to the lex baculinus. 

In April Dove's flood 

is worth a King's good. — Camb., Brit. ; n. in Haz., p. 231. 

" The Nilus of Staffordshire."— F. W. Cf. Derbyshire, 
the beauty of her stream is such 
As only with a swift and transient touch 
To enrich her sterile border as she glides. 
And force sweet flowers* from her marble sides. 

* Cotton. 
The Black Country. 


Barton under Needwood,* Dunstall in the Dale,! 
Sitenhill| for a pretty girl, and Burton for good ale. 

Higson. MS. Col., 148. 
* 4 m. S W. of Burton-upon-Trent. t 4 m. W.S.W. of Burton. 

I ? Stapenhill, a suburb of Burton, or Tatenhill, 3 m. S.W. of Burton. 

Bloxwich [2 m. N. of Walsall]. 

Like the Bloxwich bull [not to be found] . 

Because stolen the night before the wake. — Timbs, Nooks and 
Corners of English Life, p. 261. 
Bromwich (West Bromwich), [2 m. S.S.E. of Wednesbury] . 

To sing like a Bromwich throstle, i.e. a donkey. — Northall, 
Folk Phrases of F'oiir Counties. 
Burton-upon-Trent. See Barton. 

Calton,-'^ Caldon,t Waterfall, ^ and Grin § [Grindon], 
are the four fou'est places I ever was in. — N., I., xi. 74. 
* 8 m. N.E. of Cheadle. f N.W. Stafford. + 7 m. S.E. of Leek. 

§ 6 m. E.S.E of Leek. 

Dudley [8 m. W.N.W. of Birmingham]. 
Moonrakers = iUiterate. — N., F. P. 
Like Dudley tripe -always ready. — Wore. N., F. P. 

Cf Warwickshire version : Like the old woman's tripe, always 
ready. — lb. 

Dunstall in the Dale. See Barton. 

EccLESHALL. While the ivy is green, and the holly is rough, 
this is a lease for the Blests of the Hough. 
A farm in this neighbourhood held under the Bishops of Lich- 
field for some centuries by this family. — N., I., vi. 185. 

Fazeley [i m. S. of Tamworth]. 

Fazeley bull-dogs locked in a pen, 

dusn't come out for Tamworth men, — N., F. P. 



GoRNALL [2 m. N.W. of Dudley] . 

He comes from Gornall, i.e. is rude or odd-mannered, a boor or 
•a guy. — N., F. P. 
Grindon. See Calton. 
Harborne [3 m. S.W. of Birmingham]. 

Hungry Harborne, poor and proud. — N., F. P. 

Leek. The Metropolis or Queen of the Moorlands. — Spectator, 
31/12, '87. 

Lichfield. Encloystre de Lycheffeld. — Douce MS. g8, 13th Cy. 
LoNGDON [4 m. N.W. of Lichfield]. 

The stoutest beggar that goes by the way, 
cannot beg through Long in a summer's day. 

Sharp, Brit. Gazetteer. 
(Haz. assigns this to Longdon, 5 m. S.W. of Shrewsbury.) 
LoNGSDON [2 m. W.S.W. of Leek]. See Derbyshire, Ashford. 
Marchington (par. Hanbury), [3 m. E.S.E. of Uttoxeterj. 

As short as a Marchington wake-cake [of a woman's temper]. — 
Poole, Glossary of A . and P. Words of Staffordshire. 

Narrowdale [4 m. S.S.E. of Longnor]. A pass between high 
limestone rocks, traversed by the Dove. 
" The inhabitants of Narrowdale, when the sun is nearest the 
tropic of Capricorn, never see it ; and when it does begin 
to appear, they do not vSee it till about one o'clock, which 
they call * Narrowdale noon,' using it as a proverb when 
anything is delayed." — Plot's Staffordshire. 

RusHALL (in the borough of Walsall). See Sutton. 

Sedgely [3 m. N.W. of Dudley]. 

A Sedgley curse. — Mus. Delic, 1656. 

The devil run* through thee, booted and spurred, with a scythe 
on his back.f — Ho. 
* Ride. — Beaumont and Fletcher, Woman's Prize, v. 3; Suckling, Goblins, i. i. 
t As the Scotchman says. — Massinger, City Madam, ii. 2. 

Smethwick (par. Harborne), [3 m. W. of Birmingham]. 

Go to Smerrick ! = Go to Jericho ! — N., F. P. 

Ncah's Wife. Bot thou wert worthi be clad in Stafford blue, 
For thou art always adred, be it false or trew. 

Townley, Myst., p. 24; R. A., i. 29. 1430. 

Stanton [8 m. E.N.E. of Cheadle]. 
Stanton on the Stones, 

where the devil broke his bones. — .A*^, L, v. 293. 
Stapenhill (a suburb of Burton). 5^^ Barton. 
Sutton. Sutton for mutton, [? Sutton Coldfield] 
Tamworth for beef. 
Sutton for mutton, Tamworth for beeves ; 
Brummagem for blackguards, Coleshill for thieves. 

AT., v., ix. 175. 



Tamworth. See Sutton. 

As sandy as a Tamworth pig. Of a red-haired woman, concu- 
piscent and prolific, — N., F. P. 

Vileyns de Tameworth. — Douce MS. 98, 13th Cy. 

Fazeley bull-dogs lock'd in a pen, 
dusn't come out for Tamworth men. 

After a collar comes a halter, quoth the Tanner of Tamworth 
when Henry IV. called for a collar to make him a Squire. 
— HU. 

There's Biterscote, and Bonehill, and Dunstall upon Dun, 
Hopwas, and Coton, and miry Wiginton ; 

Little Amington, and Great Amington, with the Woodhouses by, 
Glascote and Wilnecote and merry Fasely, 
Comberford and Syerscote, and Bole Hall Street ; 
and Tamworth is the head town where all these cuckolds meet. 
C. F. R. Palmer, Hist. &= Antiq. of College Ch. of Tamwovth, p. 13. 

They hail'd him Lord of Fontenaye, 
Of Lutterward and Scrivelbaye, 
Of Tamworth tower and town. 

Scott Marmion, c. I , s. xi. 6. 

Tipton. The Tipton Slasher was a noted pugilist of the first half 
of the nineteenth century. The male sex's proclivities are 
to eating and fighting, and at the end of a day's outing the 
daughter is said to enquire : " Hast thee foughten feather ? 
We '11 be going if thee hast." 

Walsall See Sutton. 

Walsall for bandy legs,* [Worcester for pretty girls] 
and Brummagemf for a thief. — N., L, xi. 115 ; Higson, 175. 
* Tag-rags; t Rushall. — Birmingham Weekly Post, 23/2, 1878. 
Another version : N., H., i. 135, gives Yenton for a pretty 
girl, i.e. Erdington, 4 m. N.E. of Birmingham. 

A Walsall whoffler = knockkneed, because the inhabitants of 
that place are remarkable in this respect, owing, as the 
natives themselves facetiously explain, to having so many 
steps to ascend to church. — Globe, 21/2, '90. 

Too much for one and not enough for two, like the Walsall man's 
goose.— N., F. P. ; Poole, A. and P. Words of Staffovdshiye, 
p. 25. 1880. 

You're too fast, like Walsall clock. — Higson, 176. 

To gh out of one's own country and all others and into Walsall 
(a rough, ill-conditiond place). — N., F. P. 

Waterfall. See Calton. 


where God was [came] never. — Ho. ; F. W. ; Camd., Bvit. 

A black, squalid place near Moreland, in Staffordshire. — Ho. 

A dark spot near to Alton Towers, overshadowed by the 

Wever hill. 

VOL. I. 

193 13 



Suffolk, full of wiles.— M5. Harl, 7371 ; Rel. Ant., i. 269. 

Southfulk ful of styles. — Rawl MS. ; Leland by Hearne, Intr., V. 

Suffolk stiles. — He. Inclosed into petty quillets [the county] 
abounds with high stiles troublesome to be clambred over. 
— F.W. 

beef. Disparaged. — Ned Ward, Nuptial Dialogues, L, xiii. 

cheese (called Bang, made of milk which has been skimmed). 

As much difference between Suffolk and Cheddar. — Torriano. 

Hunger will break through stone walls, or anything except 
a Suffolk cheese. — G. ; Pepys, Diary, 4th Oct., 1661. 

F. W. says " most excellent . . . the finest are very thin 
as intended not for food but digestion." 

Those that made me were uncivil, 
For they made me harder than the devil ; 
Knives won't cut me, fire won't sweat me, 
Dogs bark at me, but can't eat me. 

Forby, Vocabulary of East Aiiglia, 

Many London prentices will be forced to eat Suffolk cheese 
that their master's daughters may be kept at a boarding 
school. — The World Bewitched, p. 183. 1699. 

fair maids. — F. W. 

As Essex hath of old been named Calves and stiles, 
Fair Suffolk Maids and milk, and Norfolk Many wiles. 

Drayt. Pol. 
A bonnier wench all Suffolk cannot yield, 
All Suffolk ! nay all England holds none such. 

Greene, Friar Bacon, &c. 
milk.— F. W. 

punches, i.e. cob-horses, and thick-set men. 

Major Moor {Suffolk Words, p. 514) says : " The people are 
of the same build as the horses, and that Suffolk 
Poonsh and a true Suffolk meeowld are well under- 
stood phrases." 

Your Suffolk Puritan. — T. Heywood. // you hnoiv not 
me, &c., Pt. H., 1606, p. 77, rcpv. 

whine. — G. (Manner of speaking.) Like the speech of a person 
in great mental distress. — G. Cf. Norfolk drant. 

The only difference, according to some, between a Norfolk and a 
Suffolk man is that the one calls a snail dodman and 
the other hodmandod. — Nail., G'- Yarm'- <&> Lowes*-: s. 

A Suffolk calves [calf's]-head. A Shrove-Tuesday Banquet. 1641. 

Silly Suffolk. — Nail., p. 720; Globe, ibjS, 1884. It has been 
suggested that this is Selig [A. S.], happy, fortunate. [Cf. Silly 
Sheep. — Ed.] 



Suffolk has been called " The Land of Churches." 364 are recorded 
in Domesday Booh, while only one is recorded in Cambridge- 
shire, and none in Lancashire, Cornwall, or Middlesex. — 
Nail., p. 224. Cf. Norfolk. 

Suffolk hath the best and the worst air in England : best about 
Bury, and worst on the seaside. — F. W., London, p. 221. 

Read, try, judge, and speak as you find, says old Suffolk. — R., 1813. 

To lay the stool's foot in water, i.e. to make preparations for com- 
pany. Because the brick floor was always washed the day 
of a party by the "tidy" housewives, with whom wet and 
clean are synonymous. — Forby. 

(This is a touch which carries one across to Holland.) 

Barton Mere. The price of corn rises and falls with Barton Mere. 

(Great Barton, 2 m. N.E. of Bury.) 

Beccles for a puritan, Bungay for the poor, 

Halesworth for a drunkard, and Bilborough* for a whore. — R., 1678. 

(All in N.E. Suffolk.) 
* ? Blythburgh, a decayed town 4 m. W. of Southwold. 

Benacre. See Covehithe. 

Bentley [6 m. S.W. of Ipswich]. 

Before the Normans into England came, 

Bentley was my seat and Tollemache was my name. — Higson, 72. 

The Tollemaches now own Helmingham hard by. 
Blytheburgh. See Beccles. 

Bungay. Sec Beccles. 

Were I in my castle of Bungay, 

Upon the river of Waveney, 

I would ne care for the King of Cockeney. — Ho. 

(A saying of Hugh Bigod, temp. Hen. H., of the powerful 
family of Bigot.) 

The river Waveney nearly encompasses Bungay. 

Go to Bungay to get new-bottomed, i.e. a new pair of leather 
breeches made there. — G. It was considered a money- 
making place. The opening of the navigation caused the 
removal of trade from Beecles to Bungay. — Forby, ii. 434. 

Bungay play (at Whist). Leading all your winning cards in 
succession. — Cf. Whitechapel play. 

BuRES St. Mary [5 m. S.S.E. of Sudbury]. 

Vile de Bures. — Douce MS., 98, 13th Cy. 

Edmund, King of E. Anglia was crowned at this (now) 
village on the Stour. 

Bury St. Edmunds. Called by some " the Montpelier of England." 
White, E. England, ii. 100. 



CovEHiTHE. Betwixt Covehithe and merry Kessingland 

the devil sh . t Benacre : look where it stand. — R , 1678. 

The first is 5 m. N. of Southwold, and is mis-spelt Cowhithe 
by R. He also writes Cassingland by mistake, which is 
5 m. S.S.W. of Lowestoft. I have also taken the liberty 
of strikmg out the final "s" in stands, both for the sake 
of the rhyme and for the conlenv locale, as it is generally 
omitted at the end of the present tense singular of verbs. 

DuNwicH [4 m. S.W. of Southwold]. 

Molins de Doneswyz. — Douce MS. 98, 13th Cy. 

Once the most considerable seaport on the coast : now but a 
fragment is left on the landward side, owing to the 
incursions of the sea. It is a tradition that the tailors 
of Dunwich could formerly sit in their shops and see the 
shipping in Yarmouth Roads. — Nail., p. 226. 

GoRLESTON was Gorleston ere Yarmouth begun, 

and will be Gorleston when Yarmouth is gone. — Nail., p. 154, n. 

Gorleston great will one day be, 

Yarmouth buried in the sea. — Nail., p. 154, n. 

Each occupies a side of the mouth of the Yare. The latter 
prophecy seems very improbable, as the sea is retreating 
at this point. 

Halesworth. See Beccles. 

Hoo. You must do as they do at Hoo : 

what you can't do in one day, you must do in two. 

Forby, ii. 427. 

Ipswich. Burdix (tournament) de Gipeswyz. — Douce MS, 98, 
13th Cy. 

Ipswich, a town without inhabitants, a river without water, 
streets without names, where asses wear boots. (Said by 
the Duke of Buckingham to Charles II.) At low water 
the bed of the river is dry, and the bowling-green of Christ 
Church Priory, then the seat of Lord Hereford, was rolled 
by asses in a sort of boots to prevent their feet sinking into 
the turf. — G. 

Kessingland. See Covehithe. 

Lowestoft. Abraham's Bosom. The name given by seamen to 
the N. and S. Roads from their quiet anchorage in 
N. and S. gales. — Nail., p. 195. 

Needham. You are in the highway to Needham. — F. W. 
i e. beggary (a play on the name). The Needham Market 
is 8 m. N.W. of Ipswich. 

At Needham's shore. — Tusser, Husivifevy, p. 17. 1573- 

Cf. Needingworth in Hunts. 
Idleness is the coach 10 bring a man to Needome : prodigality 
the post-horse. — T. Adams (Puritan), Wks., 466. 1629. 

SHiMPLiNGTHORNE[4m.N.W.of Lavenham]. S^e Norfolk (Lopham). 



SouTHwoLD. See Walberswick. 

Stonham. No cousin in London, no cousin at Stonham. — 
Forby, ii. 428. 

The retort of a "country cousin " who had been ignored in Town. 
There are three parishes of Stonham, 5 m. N.E. of Needham 

Sutton [? 2 m. S.E. of Woodbridge] . 

Akin to Sutton windmill, I can grind which way soe'er the 
wind blows. — T. Heywood, Edw. IV. 

He is a Walberswick whisperer ; you may hear him over to South- 
wold. — Forby, ii. 430. 

Two seaport towns opposite each other at the mouth of the 
Blyth, and nearly a mile apart. This is like what we 
call "a stage whisper." 


Sothery great bragger. — Harl. MS. 

Sowtherey gret bragere. — Rawl. MS. 

Sussex with Surrey say, " Then let us lead home logs." — Drayt. 
Pol., xxiii. 

In and out, like a Surry lane. — Cheales, Prov. Folk-Lore. 

The true arms of Surry, to have and to hold, 

are the fam'd Warren chequers of blue and of gold. — Cheales. 


Go to Battersea to be cut for the simples, i.e. medicinal herbs 
grown by market gardeners. — G. The Apothecaries Com- 
pany still have a garden of this sort on the Chelsea bank of 
the river. 

Camberwell. All the maids in Camberwell 
may dance in an egg-shell, 
for there are no maids in that well. 

N., IL, xi. 449, xii. 17. 
To which the answer was given : 

All the maids in Camberwell towne 
cannot daunce in an acre of ground. — lb. 

Carshalton. See Sutton, 

Caterham (White Hill), Chelsham, Warlingham, and Woldingham 
*re called locally "the four places on the hills," having 
been the sites of ancient camps. — Murr. 

Cheam. Big-headed Cheamers. — N., VL, x. 125. See Sutton. 

Holborn for wealth 

and Cheam for health. 

Quoted by Ld. Keeper Williams when he offered the latter 
living to the incumbent of the former (Bp. Hacket), who, 
however, managed (like the Somersetshire Bishop) to keep 
both. — c. 1663. 

J 97 


Chelsham. See Caterham. 

Crooksbury [a pine-covered hill, S. of the Hog's Back, 2 m. E. of 

As high as Crooksbury. — Murr., quoting Cobbett. 

Croydon. See Sutton. 

A Croydon Coranto. See Haz., p, 7. 

The Colliers of Croydon*, the rustics of Roydon, and the 
fishers of Kent. 

* i.e. the charcoal-burners. 

And as in Croidon I heard the Collier preach. — Barclay, Eel., i. 

for his riches 
This Collier might have been a knight. 

Rd. Crowley, Epigrams, 1550. Of Collyers. 

" Marry," quoth hee that looked like Lucifer, " though I am 
black I am not the Devill." — Grim the Collier of Croydon, or 
the Devil and his Dame, c. 1662. 

By 'r Lady, you are of a good complexion, a right Croydon 
sanguine. — R. Edwards, Damon and Pythias, 1571. 

Both of a complexion inclining to the Oriental colour of a 
Croydon sanguine. — Harington, An Anatomie of the meta- 
morphosed Ajax. 

Cf. the shade of orange introduced by French dressumkers, 
and called there " Bismarck en colere." 

DuLWiCH. It is a good knife : 'twas made at Dull-edge, five miles 
beyond Cut-well. — R,, 1678. 

Epsom. [Spelt Ebsham. — F. W.] See Sutton. 

EwELL. See Sutton. 


You who do like nie, give money to end me. 
You who dislike me, give as much to mend me. 

N., I., viii. 616. 

On Market-house. 

FuLHAM. See Putney. 

GoDALMiNG. See Woking. 

Godalming rabbits. In allusion to Mrs. Tofts, the pretended 
rabbit-breeder. — G. 

Godalmin cats. — R., 1813. 

Guildford. See Woking. 

Chalonn de Geudeford. — Douce MS. 98. Coverlets made there 

by the Chaloners, still a current surname. 
Guildford bulls. A retort on Godalming, but unexplained. — G. 

Poor Guildford, proud people, 
three churches, no steeple. 

Hissey, On the Box-Seat, p. 42. 



HoLMSDALE [near Reigate, partly in Surrey, partly in Kent]. 
The Vale of Holmsdale, 

never won, nor never* shall [be]. — Ho. ; F. W. ; Lambarde. 
* ne ever. — F. W. 

Hydon (High-down) Ball [2 m. S. of Godalming]. 

On Hydon's top there is a cup, 

and in that cup there is a drop ; 

take up the cup and drink the drop, 

and place the cup on Hydon's top. — Murr. 

A Kent Street distress, i.e. taking away the doors of defaulters' 
houses [in the Borough], there being no goods to seize. — G. 

Dars de Kyngestone. — Douce MS. 98. i.e. dace. 

Lambeth. A Lambeth Doctor. A D.D. made by the Archbp. of 
Canterbury as a matter of favour and without examina- 
tion. — G. 

Pert and small, like Lambeth ale. — Successful Pyrate, ii. i. 
MiTCHAM. See Sutton. 

A Mitcham whisper, i.e. a loud shout. — Haz. 
Newington (Stoke). 

Pious parson, pious people, 
sold the bells to build a steeple. 

A very fine trick of the Newington people, 
to sell the bells to build a steeple. 
Surely the devil will have the Newington people, 
the rector and church without any steeple. — Br. 
Peckham. All holiday at Peckham. i.e. no appetite. 

Peckham : going to dinner. Peckish : hungry. — Bee, Lexicon 

Putney. According to the vulgar tradition, the churches of Putney 
and Fulham were built by two sisters, who had but one 
hammer between them, which they interchanged by 
throwing it across the river, on a word agreed between 
them : those on the Surrey side made use of the words, 
" Put it nigh ; " those on the opposite shore, " Heave it 
full home ; " whence the churches, and from them the 
villages, were called Putnigh and Fullhome, since corrupted 
to Putney and Fulham. — G. 

Sheen. The nun of Sion with the friar of Sheen 

went under the water to play the quean. — Ho. 

i.e. under the Thames. Sion House, on the Middlesex side, 
was a Convent of Bridgetines, established 1432. 

Southwark. Borough blacks. A term of reproach. — G. 
A Clinker. An inhabitant of the Mint or Clink. — G. 
To kiss the counter, i.e. to go to prison for debt. — E. Guilpin, 
Skialetheia, 1598, rep., p 61. 
The Compter was the Borough prison. 



The nappy strong ale of Southwirke 

keeps many a gossip fra' the kirke [an overworn prov.] 

A Comment upon the Miller's and Wife of Bath" s Tales, 1665, p. 3. 
if that I mis-speke or say 
Wite it the ale of vSouthwark I you pray. 

Chaucer, Prol. Canterbury Tales, 314. 
Sutton. See Woking. 

Akin to Sutton windmill, I can grind which way soever the 
wind blows. — T. Heywood, Edinj. IV,, 1600. 
Sutton for mutton, 
Carshalton for beeves, 
Epsom for whores [jades], 
and Ewell for thieves. — G. 
Sutton for good mutton, 
Cheam for juicy beef, 
Croydon for a pretty girl, 
Mitcham for a thief. — N., L, v. 374. 
The downs near Sutton, Banstead and Epsom produce 
delicate small sheep, and the rich meadows about 
Carshalton are remarkable for fattening oxen. Epsom 
was once famous for its mineral waters, and the Wells 
were greatly resorted to as a place of amusement, 
particularly by ladies of easy virtue. Ewell is a poor 
village, about a mile from Epsom, and is said to have 
harboured a number of the inferior sharpers and other 
idle retainers to the Wells, lodgings being there cheaper 
than at Epsom. — G. 

Warrene de Waltoun. — Douce MS. 98. (Warren.) 
Wandsworth. The sink of Surrey. This reproach is in a great 
measure removed. Formerly the town, which lies low, 
was one continued puddle. — G. 
Warlingham. See Caterham. 

Weybridge. Loches de Wexebrugge. — Douce MS. 98. i.e. the 

loach (cobitis barbatula). 

'Oking was, Guildford is, Godalming shall be. — N., L, viii. 616. 
■ Beastly 'Oking, pretty Sutton, 
filthy Foxglove, bachelor's button. — N., I., viii. 616. 
WoLDiNGHAM. See Caterham. 


See Fred"^' Sawyer's two papers. — N.,V\., ix. 341, 401 ; x. 370. 
Sussex full of mir. — MS. Harl. 
Sowseks ful of dyrt and my re. — Rawl. MS. 
The oxen, swine, and women are all long-legged, from the difficulty 
of pulling their ankles out of the mire. — Dr. John Burton, 
Iter Sussexicnse, S.A.C., viii. 257. 



Sussex with Surrey say, "Then let us lead home logs." — Drayton 
Pol., xxiii. 

Silly Sussex. — Lower, History of Sussex, 230 n. 

Sussex jarmer [? farmer]. — S. 

Wildishers. People of the Weald. So called by Southdowners and 
Coast-folk. — Lower, 230. 

Sussex weeds^Oak trees, the prevailing forest-growth. — Haz. 

Sussex wreckers. 

Sussex men, that dwell upon the shore, 

Look out when storms arise and billows roar. 

Devoutly praying with uplifted hands 

That some well-laden ship may strike the sands. 

To whose rich cargo they may make pretence. — Congreve. 

Sussex marble. A limestone formed of fresh-water shells ; common 

about Horsham and Petworth ; used for roofing. — S. 
Sussex pudding. Flour and water [? hasty pudding], requiring to 

be quickly eaten. — S. 
The Sussex Fortnight (of Races), ending first week in August. — S. 
It is said that the last race-horse brings snow on his tail. This 
begins with Goodwood and ends with Brighton. 
My Lord Bateman's dead. — R., 1670. Sussex equivalent to "Queen 

Anne's dead." 
Sussex aboundeth more with carpes than any other of this nation. — 

An Arundel mullet, a Chichester lobster, a Shelsey cockle, and an 

Amerly trout. — F. W. 
A Chichester lobster, a Selsey cockle, an Arundel mullet. — Yarrell, 

i- 233. 
[A Pulborough* eel], an Amberleyf trout, a Rye J herring, a 

Bourn § wheat-ear. — R., 1678. 

* On the Arun, 4 m. S S.E, of Petworth. 

t On the Arun above Arundel ; Isaac Walton has Shelsey and Amerley. 

t E. Sussex. %i.e. Eastbourne. 

? Bricklesey [Colchester] oysters, Selsey cockles, Rye herrings, 

Severn salmon. — Ho. 

Alciston [6 m. S.E. of Lewes]. 

When Firle ^ Hill and Long Man has a cap 
We at A'ston gets a drap. — S. 

* ? Fairlight. 

The Long Man, also called the Wilmington Giant : a figure 
cut in the turf of the Downs. 

Amberley [3 m. N.N.E. of Arundel]. 

People said to be web-footed.* — Lower, i. 8. 

* And yellow-bellied. — S. 

Amberley. God help me ! or, Amberley ! Where would you 
live ? Answer to the question, Where do you five ?, 
according to the goodness or badness of the season or 
whether in winter or summer. — Lower, i. 8. 



Amberley — God knows ! — 

all among the rooks and crows, 

where the good potatoes grows. — S. 

Arundel. Since William rose and Harold fell, 

There have been Earls of Arundel ; 
And Earls old Arundel shall have, 
While rivers flow and forests wave. — S. 
Arundel mullet,* stinking fish ; 
eats it off a dirty dish. 

A reproach flung at the natives by the children of an adjoining 
village, and thus answered : — 

Offham dingers, church-bell ringers ; 
only taters for your Sunday dinners. — S. 
* The grey mullet, caught in the Arun. 

Balcombe [3 m. N. of Cuckfield]. Going to, i.e. baulk 'em (of an 
an unsuccessful enterprise). — Lower. 

The people of Balcombe put dung round their church- spire to 
make it grow as high as Cuckfield spire. — S. 

When the people of Barcombe want to make a cart, they make 
a wagon and saw it in two. — S. 

Battle [8 m. S.W^ of Hastings]. 

Ware the Abbot of Battel, when the Prior of Lewes is taken 
prisoner. — F. W. 

i.e. When a man falls into difficulties, let his neighbours 
beware. This refers to the capture by the French in 
1377. — Lower. 

Beachy Head. When the Charleses wear a cap, the clouds weep. — 
Lower, i. 40. 

Seven masses of chalk cliff, of which only one remains. 
Charlston is a manor in the neighbouring parish of West 

Beddingham [N.E. of Brighton, 2 m. from Lewes]. 

When Beddingham hills wear a cap. 
Ripe and Chalvington gets a drap. — S. 

BiLLiNGHURST [5 m. S.W. of Horsham]. See Rudgwick. 

Bolney [3 m. S.W. of Cuckfield] . 

Merry Bolney, rich Twineham, 

proud Cowfold, and silly Shermanbury. 

The first place gets its name probably from its peal of bells, 
but the others are obscure. — S. 

Brighton. London-super-Mare. — Queen of W^atering Places. — 
James Smith, Brighton. 

One of the best physicians our city has ever known is kind, 
cheerful, merry Doctor Brighton. — Thackeray, Neivcomes. 

Jerusalem the Golden. The Grand Hotel from its usual 
complement of wealthy Hebrew guests. 



Pavilion. The Dome of St. Paul's came to Brighton and 
pupped. — Sydney Smith. Cf. Life ofWm. Wilbevfovce, iv. 277. 
Shut up — no, not the King — but the Pavilion, 
or else 'twill cost us all another million. 

Byron, Don Juan^ xiv. 

Brighthelmston Jugs. Lower, 232, says Brightonians. Sawyer 

restricts it to the fishermen. 

Jaspers= Fishermen. — S. 
The Brighton fishermen have corns on their chests from leaning 

on the cliff railings. — S. 
It always rains at Brighton Races. — S 
When the Island 's* seen above the line 
Brighthelmstone loses weather fine. — S. 

*i.e. I. of Wight, 45 m. distant. 
The Devil's Dyke, called evasively by the peasantry the Poor 
Man's Wall.— Walcott, 5. Coast, 214. 

BuLVERHYTHE* bells are said to be heard at St. Leonards when 
the sea rakes the shingles in the bay to the W., where 
are the ruins of St. Mary's Chapel. Bad weather is 
then expected. — S. 

* 2 m. W. of Hastings. 

BuxTED [g. m. N.E. of Lewes]. 

Master Huggett and his man John 
they did cast the first can-non. 

This was at Pluggett's furnace between Buxted and 
Mayfield. — Murray. 

Chalvington [4. m. W. of Hailsham]. See Beddingham. 

Chanctonbury Ring. (On the Goring estate.) 
Old mother Goring got her cap on 
We shall have some rain. — S. 

Chichester. The Master Workman built Sarisbury, and his Man 
the Church at Chichester.— F. W. '<No foundation."— 
But Seffrid built Chichester in K. John's reign, and Poore 
Salisbury in Hen. III.'s. — S. 

If Chichester steeple fall, 

in England there's no King at all. — S.A.C., xiii. 233. 

,, This prophecy Avas verified Feb. 21, 1861. 

Gueseylur de Cicastre. — N., VI., viii. 224. 
A Chichester lobster. See ante. 

Cocking [3 m. S. of Midhurst]. 

When Foxes brewings* go to Cocking, 
Foxes brewings come back droppin. — Li., 119. 

* A mist which rises from the beach-hangers, and if it turns westward 
comes to rain. 

CowFOLD [6 m. W.S.W. of Cuckfield]. See Bolney. 



Crawley [7 m. W. of East Grinstead]. 

It always rains on Crawley Fair-day (May 8th). — S. 

Crowborough [6 m. S.W. of Tunbridge Wells] . 

As poor as Crowborough Common (of the iron-sand formation). 
— N., IV., xi. 238, 350. Mantell, Geology of Sussex, p. 25 
Lower, i. 125. 

CucKFiELD. See Balcombe. 

Eastbourne. A Bourne wheatear. See ante. 

Fairlight [2 m. E.N.E. of Hastings]. 

When Fairlie down puts on his cap, 
Romney Marsh will have its sap. — S. 

Fletching [8 m. E. of Cuckfield]. 
The people of Fletching 
live by snapping and Retching. — S. 

Gotham. (S. claims the Wise Men for Sussex.) A manor in the 
parishes of Hailsham and Pevensey. Andrew Horde 
lived for some time at Pevensey, and is considered to 
have burlesqued the proceedings of the Laste Court, 
regulating Pevensey marshes. — S. Cf. Notts and 

East Grinstead. 

Large parish, poor people, 

large new church and no steeple. — S. 

Harting [6 m. W. of Midhurst]. 

Who knows what Tarberry would bear, 

would plough it with a golden share. 

A conical hill, of which it is also said that: The devil 
rejecting the scalding spoon from his punch-bowl at 
Hinde Head in Surry, threw it over to Sussex, and 
it alighted here bowl upwards. — S. 

Hastings. Family not local. Cf. Leicestershire. 

He is none of the Hastings. — He. A play on the name, 
imputing dulness and sluggishness. — F. The allusion 
is to a quick-growing pea called [green] Hastings pea 
from its early appearance. — G. Some indeed, as St. Jude 
saith, are so base and perverse that they are rather moved 
to prich and disdain by their inferiors' forwardness calling 
them bastings, soon ripe soon rotten. — D. Rogers, Naaman, 
p. 288. 

Chop backs ) Fishermen. They are said to have patches on 
Hatchet backs/ their trousers from sitting so much. — S. 

Heathfield [7 m. N. of Hailsham]. 

An old woman takes the cuckoo in her basket to HefFul' Fair 
(Ap. 14), and there turns it out. — M. A. Lower, Archaeo- 
logical Collections, xiii. 210. 



Heighton, Denton, and Tarring ; all begins with A. — Lower, 
S.A.C., xiii. 2 ID. i.e. All does. 
(Villages on the Ouse, about 5 m. S.S.E. of Lewes.) 

Herrinly, Chidd'nly,* and Hoadly; three lies, and all true. — 
S.A.C., xiii. 210. 

4 m. N.W. of Hailsham. 

Horsham. 5"^^ Ridgwick. 

Lavant. According to a current local tradition, Aaron's golden 
calf is buried in Rook's Hill, Lavant ; i.e. St. Roche's Hill, 
an eminence of the South Downs. — Brewer, Phrase and 

Lewes. Wymple de Lewes. — Douce MS. 98., 13th Cy. 

Lewes is famous for clean windows and pretty girls. — S. 

Proud Lewes, and Poor Brighthelmstone. — Horsfield, History 
of Lewes, ii. 34. Formerly the postal address was "Bright- 
helmstone, near Lewes." 

Newhaven tipper. A kind of beer brewed with brackish water, 
first l3y Thos. Tipper, d. 1785. — S. 
The Sussex Ouse enters the sea here. Formerly called 
Meeching. — Drayton Polyol., xvii. 

Northiam [6 m. N.W. of Rye]. 

O rare Norgem ! thou dost far exceed 

Beckley, Peasmarsh, Ildimore, and Brede. — Lower, ii. 63. 

Offham (in Stoke parish). See Arundel. 

Petworth. Proud Petworth, poor people, 

high church, crooked steeple. 

Piddinghoe,* where they shoe magpies. — Lower, ii. 99. 

At Piddinghoe they dig for moonshine. \ 

smoke. > S. 

daylight. ) 
The first means run spirits. Is not the second tobacco ? 
* 4 m. S. of Lewes, near the coast. 

PuLBOROUGH. A Pulborough eel. See ante. 

Playden (adjoining Rye). 

Sauket" church, crooked steeple, 
^ drunken parson, wicked people. — S. 

* Saltcoat Street, so called from salted cod spread out to dry. 

Racton. When the wind sits in Gunter's Pool, there will be rain. 
A deep place in the river Ems which rarely dries up. 

Ripe [6 m. E. of Lewes]. See Beddingham. 

RoTHERFiELD [6 m. S.S.W. of Tunbridge Wells]. 

The women of Rotherfield possess an additional pair of ribs. — 
Lower, ii. 126. i.e. are of a taller race than their neighbours. 



RoTTiNGDEAN. You 're not from Rottingdean. "Said to a braying 
donkey, the insinuation being that as Rottingdean donkeys 
were used at night by smugglers, they would be too tired 
to bray during the day." — F. I should infer that the 
smugglers had brayed them out of the habit, lest it should 
betray their night-proceedings. 

RuDGWiCK. Ridgwick for riches. Green for poors, 

Bilhnghurst for pretty girls, Horsham for whores, ~S. 
(All in N.W.) 
Rye. Merlyng de la Rye. — Douce MS. 98, 13th Cy. i.e. Whiting. 
A Rye herring. See ante. 

Rye Royal. So called by Queen Elizabeth, in 1573, from the 
hospitality she met with there. — Jeake, Charters of Cinque 
Diamond plaice = fish caught at the Diamond Rock. — S. 
Selsey. a Shelsey cockle. See ante. 

Seaford Shags (cormorants). The people so called. — Lower, 5. /I. C, 
xiii. 232. 

Are you from Seaford ? Asked of a person who leaves the door 
open. Origin obscure. — S. 

What time the French sought to have sacked Seafoord, 
This Pelham did repel 'em back aboord. 

(Part of the Epitaph on Sir Nicholas Pelham (d. 1559), on 
his monument in St. Michael's Church, Lewes). — S. 

Shermanbury [5 m. N.E. of Steyning]. See Bolney. 

Steyning [20 m. E.N.E. of Chichester]. 

As often as the field at Steyning, known as the Penfold field, is 
mown, rain immediately follows. — 5^55^^' D.N., i8/9/'83. 

See the legend of St. Cuthman. — N.,YI., x. 370. Acta Sanctorum, 
ii., Feb. 8. 

Thakeham. The last place God made. Outlandish, i.e. out of the 
way situation. — S. 

Twineham [4 m. S.W. of Cuckfield]. See Bolney. 

Udimore [3 m. W.S.W. of Rye]. 

The inhabitants began to build a church, and one night the 
foundations were removed by unseen hands with great 
noise, and a voice pronounced, "O'er the mere." The 
church was thereupon built on the opposite side of the 
river. — Horsfield, Hist, of Sussex, i. 510, who derives the 
name from Eau de mere, because the sea flowed by it. 

Winchelsea. Playz*^ de Wynchelsee. — Douce MS. 98, 13th Cy. 

* i.e. Plaice. 
Dowers plaice are caught in the dowers or flats between 

Folkstone and Hastings. — S. 
Little London. So called by Queen Elizabeth in 1573. — 
Horsfield, i. 481. 



Dovor, Sandivicus, Ry, 

Rum, Frig-mare- ventus,j>.Wind-chills-sea(Friget-mare-ventus). 

Jeake, Charters of Cinque Ports. 

(Dover, Sandwich and Romney are in Kent). See Pre- 
liminary Matter : Institutions. 

He who drinks from St. Leonard's Well (the Vale well), will 
never rest till he returns to drink again. — M. Walcott, 
N., IL, iv. 145. 

WiSTON [2 m. N W. of Steyning]. 

Shirley (Shelley) of Preston, 

died for the loss of Wiston (the family seat). — S. 

WooLLAViNGTON [4 m. S.E. of Midhurst]. 

No heir to the Lavington estate ever succeeded his own father. 
(Sargent family). — Mozley, Reminiscences, p. 132. 

Worthing Pork-bolters. The fishermen. — S. 

Worthing wheat-ears. Taken in great numbers. — Hare, p. 167. 



bind beare. — Harl. MS. 

bynd bere. — Rawl. MS. 
Quoth warlike Warwickshire : " I '11 bind the sturdy bear." — Drayt. 

The heart of [England— F. W.] the Midlands. [xiii. 

That shire which we the heart of England call. — Drayt. Pol., 
Globe, 17/6, 1884 (Local Gibes), speaks of a cheese made near 
Birmingham which is used for grindstones, buttons, and 
He is the black bear of Arden* (the crest of the Earls of Warwick). 
— F. W. 

* The Forest of Arden is 3 m. S. of Alcester. 

" The black hound of Arden " was the name given by Piers 
Gaveston to Guy Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick. — Sharp, 
Brit. Gaz. 

The bear wants a tail and cannot be a lion. — Said of Robert 
Dudley, Earl of Leicester. He was descended from the 
Earls of Warwick, and adopted their crest of the Bear 
^and Ragged Staff. As a check to his ambition, there was 
written underneath it, while he was Governor of the Low 
Countries, " Ursa caret cauda, non queat esse Leo." 

Bedworth beggars. — R., 1678, who places it under Leicestershire. 
Between Coventry and Nuneaton, 3 m. from last. See 
Peb worth. 
Bromford [i m. S.E. of Erdington], parish of Aston juxta Birming- 
As red as the rising sun at Bromford. — N., F.P, 



Brummaghm (Birmingham). 

Brums: i, The inhabitants; 2, London and North- Western 
Railway Stock. — Stock Exchange. 

The Hardware Village. The Toyshop of Europe. — Burke. 

Brummagem for a thief. See Staffordshire (Sutton), 

blackguards. ,, ,, „ 

imitation or bogus jewelry. 

A Brummagem button. A young native. — N., F.P. 

Birmingham is Liberal as the sea is salt. — John Bright. 

The Capital of the Midlands. 

Clifton-super-Dunsmere [2 m. E.N.E. of Rugby]. 

The people of Clifton-super-Dunsmere 
sold the Church-bible to buy a bear. 

Midland Counties Histoncal Collector, i. iig. 

CoLESHiLL [10 m. N.E. of Birmingham]. See Staffordshire (Sutton). 

Coventry. Savonn de Coventre. — Douce MS. 98, 13th Cy. 

He is true, 

Coventry blue. — F. W. 

He'll never stain. — R., 1670. 

His breech of Cointree blue. — Drayton, Doivsabell. 

Thence to Coventre, where 'tis said-a 
Coventre blue is only made-a. — Brathwait, Bavn. Itin., 
ii. 1638. 

To send one to Coventry. A punishment inflicted by officers 
of the army on such of their brethren as are testy, or have 
been guilty of improper behaviour not worthy the cogni- 
zance of a court-martial. The person sent to Coventry is 
considered as absent: no one must speak to or answer any 
question he asks, except relative to duty, under penalty of 
being sent to the same place. On a proper submission the 
penitent is recalled, and welcomed by the mess as just 
returned from a journey to Coventry. — G. 

Contreye mirum, so panedula, tractaque wyrum, 
Et carmen notum, nova stipula, pedula totum, 
Cardones mille, haec sunt insignia villse. 

ikfS. Trinity College, Cambridge, 15th Cy. ; Rel. Ant., ii. 178. 

Like Coventry bowlers, who play their best at first. — Southey, 
Common Place Book, iv. 676. 


Featherbed Lane. Any bad road, but particularly that between 
Dunchurch and Daintry (Northants). — B. E. Canting Creiu. 

Erdington [Yenton, 4 m. N.E. of Birmingham]. See Staffordshire 

Henley-in-Arden (par. Wootton-Wawen), [8 m. W. of Warwick]. 

More fools in Henley ! Used by the natives of gaping strangers. 
— N., F.P. 


LOCAL PROVERBS. Westmorland. 


Piping Pebworth,*' dancing Marston,f 
Haunted Hillborough,;[: and hungry Grafton, § 
with dadging Exhall,|| Papist Wixford,** 
Beggarly Broom, ff and drunken Bidford.JJ 

* 6 m. N.E. of Evesham. f Broad Marston, a hamlet of the same. 

+ 5 m. W.S.VV. of Stratford § Grafton Temple. 

1] 2 m. S.E. of Alcester. ** i ra. S. of Alcester. ft 2 m. S. of Alcester. 

it 3 m. S.SE. of Alcester. 

"These lines" [attributed to Shakspere by tradition] "seem 
to intimate that his opponents [in a drinking bout] con- 
sisted of a motley group selected from the above villages. 
Pebworth is still celebrated for the skill of its inhabitants 
in music and rural festivity; and Long Marston, or 
Marston Sicca (as it is commonly wrote), the inhabitants 
of which are noted for their activity in country dances ; 
and Hillsborough is a lonely hamlet, said by the tradition 
of the vicinage to have been haunted by spirits and 
fairies. Hungry Grafton, I suppose, received that appel- 
lation from the barrenness of its soil ; but however that 
may be, the produce of its excellent stone quarries make 
sufficient amends for the sterility of the land. Dadging 
Exhall — I must confess I am at a loss how to account 
for the appellation of Dadging ; but Papist Wixford is 
a village belonging to the Throckmorton family, and the 
tenants are most of them of the Roman Catholic religion. 
Beggarly Broom must have been so called from the bad- 
ness of the soil, and Drunken Bidford still deserves the 
name ; for though it is but a small village, there are five 
public-houses in it, and the people love ale as well as 
they did in the time of Shakspere. Of this I am certain 
from my own observations, having resided amongst them 
above half a year." — Note, Malone's Shaks., ii. 501. 1821. 

Warwick. Corde de Warwik. — Douce MS. 98, ■13th Cy. There 
are still rope-walks there. 


Northumberlond hastie and hot, 
Westmerlond tot for sote. — Harl. MS. 

^ Norhumbrelond hasty and hoot, 

Westmerland tprut Scotte.* — Rawl. M.S. 
* to prod the Scot. — Leland. 


And 3itt sail they be coussid ^ away at Appleby faire, 
As wyfes makis bargans, a horse for a mare, 
Thay lefe ther the febille and brynges ham the freche ware. 
MS. Lyarde, Lincoln Cathl., xv. Cent. ; Rel. Ant.,n. 280. 
*Couse, to exchange. —HU. 

VOL. I. 209 14 


BowNESs. New church, old steeple, 

poor town, and proud people. 

Gibson, Hist. Soc, Lane, and Chesh., i. 48. 

DuNMAiL Raise (where the high-road crosses the boundary of 

Nought good comes ower the Raise. — Gibson. (A mutual com- 
pliment by the dwellers on either side ) King Dumail was 
defeated here by the Saxons. 

Let Uter Pendragon do what he can. 
The River Eden will run as it ran. — F.W. 
Eden will run '^the same way she ran. — Ho. 
* where Eden ran. — Gib. 
This mythical personage said to have been a Welsh prince 
and a companion of King Arthur, and who in order better 
to protect his castle endeavoured to divert the course of 
the river so as to make it encircle the walls. — Murr. 
The traces of the moat yet remain. Cf. Naturam expellas 
furca, tamen usque recurrit. 

'Tis the language of Uter pendragon. 

C'est un langage du temps de hauts bonnets. — Gibson. 

Kendal. As crafty as a Kendal fox. — Ho. 

His costly clothing was thred-bare Kendal green (ironical). — 
Barclay, Eclogues, i. Cf. Shak., i H. IV,, ii. 4. 

Kendal cottons are famous all over England, and Master Camden 
termeth that town " Lanificii gloria et industria praecellens." 
— F. W. 

Luck to Levens"^ while Kent runs. 
* 4 m. S.S.W. of Kendal. Sold by Sir Alan Bellingham in 1690, and 
now belonging to the Howards. 

Kent*' and KEERf 

have parted many a good man and his meer. — Higson, 104. 
* In S. Westmoreland. t In N. Lancashire. 
Dangerous streams discharging into Morecambe Bay. Cf' 

Villa egena, populus elatus 
Templum damnosum, ruiq. lautus 
Obelistus jam novatus. 

A poor town, and a proud people, 
An old church, and a new steeple. 

MS. Note in Drunken Baynaby on Lonesdale, apud 
Hazlitt's ed. 
KiRBY Lonsdale. 

Eighty eight was Kirkby fight, 
where niver a man wor slam, 
we yatt our meat, we drank their drink, 
and than came merrily heeam again. — lb. 
An expedition in 1688 to repel a French invasion, — See 
Cumberland and Westmoreland Dialects, J. R. Smith. 



Knipe Scar [4 m. N.W. of Shap]. 

When Knipe Scar gets a hood 

Sackworth may expect a flood. 

M. A. Denham, Folk Love N. of Engd., p. 14, 1850. 

We '11 have to borrow Langden lid. Said in rainy weather near 
the Langdale Pikes : an old dalesman having jestingly 
proposed that the mountain recess of Little Langdale 
should be tiled with a lid or canopy. — Gibson. 


There 's three hundred brigs i' Troutbeck, 

three hundred bulls, 
three hundred constables, 

and three hundred feuls. — Gibson, i. 49. 

In each of the three hundreds of the Vale of Troutbeck 
(midway between Bovvness and Ambleside), a bridge over 
the stream, a bull for breeding purposes, and a constable 
for the preservation of order were obliged to be main- 
tained. — Gibs. A play on the word hundred. 


Willschir fayre and playne. — Harl. MS. 
W^ilkshire fayre and playne. — Rawl. M.S. 
Wiltshire for plains. See Derbyshire. 

hunting plains. See Cheshire. 
Wiltshire moonrakers. — G. This is said to have originated in the 
exertions of a rustic, who upon seeing the figure of the moon 
in a pond, attempted to rake it out. Descended from a race 
of shepherds, the inhabitants of the county retain much of the 
simplicity of the pastoral character. — Murr. But see Larwood, 
Hist, of Signboards, p. 463, 1867; and under Hampshire, 
A Wiltshire farmer can buy a Somersetshire squire (some of the 

farms run from 2,000 to 3,000 acres). — Haz., 2nd Edn. 
And Wiltshire will for her " Get home and pay for all." — Drayton 

Pol., xxiii. 
Women are born in Wiltshire, brought up in Cumberland, lead their 
lives in Bedfordshire, bring their husbands to Buckingham, 
and die in Shrewsbury. — Wit Restored, 1658. (A play on 

Amesbury. " The best tobacco pipes for shape and colour (as 
curiously sized) are made here." — F, W. (Of clay.) 


Hither extendeth Maud Heath's gift, 

for where I stand is Chippenham Clift. — N., L, viii. 616. 

Inscription on a stone, erected 1698. The gift was in 1474. 



At Wick Hill is a stone with another couplet : 
From this Wick Hill begins the praise 
Of Maud Heath's gift to these highways. 

And at Calloway is another. — Britton, Beauties of Wilts. 

Dauntsey [4^ m. S.E. of Malmesbury]. 
Mulet de Daneseye. — Douce MS. 98. 

This village belonged to the Benedictine Abbey of Malmesbury. 
Devizes. (Present local name, the Vize. Lat. divisae, frontier 
forming boundary to the valley of the Avon. Welsh in the 
time of the Romans.) 
DowNTON. See Hampshire, Beaulieu and Crawley. 
Easton Grey [3 m. W. of Malmesbury]. See Sherston. 
Imber on the Down* 
four miles from any town. — Murr. 

* 5 m. N. of Heytesbury. 

LiTTLECOTE [3 m. N.W. of Hungerford]. 

The story of the Dayrells, the first owners of the Park, and 
how it came into possession of the Pophams, will be 
found in a note to Scott's Rokehy. See also Bucks. 

LoNGLEAT [4 m. W. of Warminster]. 

This seat of the Marquis of Bath is said to have (like Salisbury 
Cathedral) as many windows as there are days in the year. 

Marlborough. In the olden time, over forty coaches used to rattle 

through the town ; it was full of life and bustle then. It 

used to be a standard proverb on the road that the High 

Street of the place was the widest in all England. It is a 

street of ample width, and the houses on either side being 

comparatively low makes it a bright and sunny one. — 

J. J. Hissey, On the Box-Seat, p. 386. 1886. 

At Amesbury, Sep., 1887, 1 heard an ostler say : " I never knew an 

honest man come from Marlboro' " ; but it may have been 

mere chaff of the roguish-looking dealer he was addressing. 

Marlboro'-handed. People who used their tools awkwardly 

said to be natives of Marlboro', traditionally famed for 

clumsiness and unhandiness. — Dartnell and Goddard, 

Wiltshire Words, Eng. Dialect Soc. 

Old Sarum [2 m. N. of Salisbury]. 

Est ibi defectus lymphae, sed copia cretse ; 
Saevit ibi ventus, sed Philomela silet. 
Systema Agriculture^, by J. \V[orllege], p. 87, 3rd ed., 1681. 
Pewsham [nr. Chippenham]. 

(Disafforested temp. Jas. I., and given to the Duke of 

When Chipnam stood in Pewsham's wood, 

before it was destroy'd, 
a cow might have gone for a groat a year, 

but now it is denied. 

Aubrey, Nat. Hist, of Wilts., p. 58. 



Pinkney [4 m. W. of Malmesbury]. See Sherston. 

PoTTERN [2 m. S.E. of Devizes]. 

He would live as long as old Russe* of Pottern, who lived till 
all the world was weary of him. — Ho. 
* Ross.— R., 1678. 

Salisbury Plain 

is seldom* without a thief or twain. — Ho. 

* never. — Aubrey, N. H. of \V. 

Pleynes de Salesbury. — Douce MS. 98. 

More channels and creases he has in his face than there be 
fairy circles in Salisbury plain. — Nash, Have with you to 
Saffyon Walden, O. 4. 1595. 

This Democharus was one of the Ambassadours, and for his 
malapart tongue called at home in his countree in their 
language Parrhesiastes (as ye would say in English, Thom 
trouth or plain Sarisburie). — Udall, Apophthegmes [pref. by 
Erasmus], p. 202. 

Salisbury Cathedral was built upon wool-packs, i.e. duties, as 
London Bridge was said to have been. — Aubrey. See 

Fair Sarum's Church, besides the stately tower, 
Hath many things in number aptly sorted, 

Answering the year, the month, week, day, and hour, 
But above all (as I have heard reported, 

And to the view doth probably appear) 

A pillar for each hour in the year. 

Harington, Epigr., iv. 56. 

As many days as in one year there be, 

So many windows in this church you see, 

As many marble pillars here appear 

As there are hours through the fleeting year. 

As many gates as moons one here doth view : 

Strange tale to tell, yet not more strange than true. 

N., L, viii. 616. 
(Attributed by Godwin to Daniel Rogers. — Murr.) 

It is done Secundum Usum Sarum. — F. W. i.e. comme il 
faut. i.e. the Choir there had the best method in 
^England. — Aubrey. 

This proverb coming out of the Church hath since enlarged 
itself into a civil use. — F. W. 

The Ordinal made c. 1090 by Bishop Osmond of Sarum. — 
F. W. 

Murray ascribes it to Salisbury having been the seat of 

Used by Lyndsay, Complaynt of the King's Papingo, 700. 



Sherstone. Fight on Rattlebone 

and thou shalt have Sherstone*'' : 

if Sherston will not do, 

then Easton Greyf and Pinkneyf too. 

Hll., Pop. Rhy. 

* Sherston Magna, 5 m. W.S.W. of Malmesbury. Edmund Ironside defeated 
Canute there, 1016. t 3 and 4 m. W. of Malmesbury. 

Stonehenge [2 m. W.N.W. of Amesbury]. 

Merveille de Stonehengle. — Douce MS. 98. 

Wilton. Agules de Wilton. — Douce MS. 98, 13th Cy. This was 
before the carpet trade was introduced here from France 
that the needles were famous (temp. Elizabeth). 


No Wore. prov. in F. W. 
Woseterschir wringe per. — Harl. MS. 
Worsetershire wryng pere, — Rawl. MS. 

Cider. Let me tell you, friends, that a glass of eleemosynary 
Canary is better than any sider you can drink, altho' it be 
made in Worcestershire. — Yea and Nay Almanack, 1688. 
Quoth Worcestershire again, " And I will squirt the pear. '— 
Drayt. Pol. 

The Black - puddings of Worcestershire. — Taylor (W.P.), The 
Great Eater. 

" Ours is the only County that can produce everything that is 
necessary for its own consumption." — Chamberlain, West Wore. 
Words, Eng. Dialect Soc. 

He is gone up Johnson's end, i.e. sunk into poverty. — Haz. 

End is a local word. We have it, however, in Towns-end, 

It shall be done when the King cometh to Wogan ; viz., an impos- 
sibility.- Ho. "An out-of-the-way-place."— G. 

" We've got a vent for them now," as Jack Hafod said. This was 
once when storing pease and not finding room enough in the 
barn, he shovelled them out of the window into a pool that 
lay beneath. — Noake, Wor. N. S^. Q., p. 290. 

As big a fool as Jack Hafod. Said to have been the last official fool 
kept in England — by Squire Bartlett of Castle Morton, at 
the S. end of the Malvern range. The date of his death is 
supposed to have been at the end of the i8th century. He 
is still spoken of in this saying. — Malvern Advertiser, ^/ii/'y^. 

The Severn. Severn sammon. — Ho. The sandy-bottorn'd Severn. 
— Sh., I H. IV., iii. I. 

The Severn trout. — Rob. Heath, Occasional Poems, p. 95. 1680. 

A small sparcle may kindle love certayne, 
But scantly Severne may quench it clene. 

Barclay, Eclogue, i. 



Badsey [2 m. S.E. of Evesham]. See Gloucestershire, Buckland. 

A Bewdley salute is to tap the ground with the point of the walking- 
stick when passing a friend. — Globe, ai/a/'go; Northall, 
Folk Phrases of Four Counties. 
For ringers, singers, and a crier 
Bewdley excelled all Worcestershire. — N., IV., viii. 507. 

When Bredon Hill* puts on his hat, 

ye men of the Vale, beware of that. — Noake, Rambles in Wore, p. 158. 

* 960 feet high. The hill dividing Worcestershire from Gloucestershire. — 

iV. I., viii. 507. 

The Bambury Stone, at the border of Kemerton Camp on 
the summit of the Bredon, is said to go down to the Avon 
to drink every time that it hears a church clock strike 
twelve. J. Salisbury, Gloss, of S.E. War. Words (S» Phrases, 
p. 76. 1893. 

Clent [6 m. N. of Bromsgrove]. 

The people of Clent are all Hills, Waldrons, or devils. — Amphlett, 
Short Hist, of Clent. i8go. 

In Clent in Cowbach heth under a thorn, 
his head off shorn, Kenelm King-born. 

John Amphlett, Hist, of Clent. Parker, 1890. 

Crome. Our Lady of Crome, alluded to in Heiwood's Four P's, 
Haz. in n. says it is in Kent, near Greenwich. 

Droitwich. Called Sodom, because of its saline abundance. — 
Wr. White, All Round Wrekin, p. 401. 
Punned on as Durt-wich, i.e. dirt. — Latimer, Lett., xxxiii, 1538. 
Elmley Castle [4 m. S.S.E. of Pershore.] 

You can always tell a Embley mon by 'is stick, i.e. an ash 
sapling some half foot higher than his fist. — Salisbury, 
S.E. Wor. Words, p. 76. 

Honeybourne [Church Honeybourne, 5 m. E. of Evesham]. 

There was a church at Honeybourne 
when Evesham was but bush and thorn. 

Noake, Worces. Notes & Queries, p. 238. 

Inkberrow [4 m. W. of Alcester]. 
Neither sleep, neither lie, 

for Inkberrow's ting-tangs hang so nigh. — Noake, p. 177. 
i.e. church bells= 


As bow-legged as Potter's pig. | ^ jj ^jj 

" Goes again," quoth Tommy Harris. ) "' •' - • J 

King Cador saw a pretty maid. 

King Cador would have kiss'd her ; 

The damsel stept aside and said, 

" King Cador, you have miss'd her." — Noake, p. 201. 

Malvern. Go, dig at Mavorn Hill. Spoken of one whose wife 
wears the breeches. — Ho. 



You may as well sip up the Severn and swallow Ma'vern. — F. W. 
You may sip up the Severn and swallow Mavern as soon. — Ho. 
Meant of impossibilities. — Ho, Cf. Fix thy pale in Severn 

Malvern might behold 
The Herefordian floods, far distant though they be ; 
For great men, as we find, a great way off can see. 

Drayton Pol.., vii. 1612. 
All about Malvern Hill 

a man may live as long as he will. — Noake, p. 256. 
If Malvern Hills should on thy shoulders light, 
They shall not hurt them, nor suppress thy might. 

Thersites, H., O.P.^ i. 400. 

These waters so famed by the great Doctor Wall* 
consist in containing just — nothing at all. 

* A local physician, who wrote a Treatise on them. 
Come to Malvern to wear out one's old clothes. From its 

scattered houses and ready access to the fields and hills, 

observation is easily evaded. 
The Goat is a right Worcestershire man, bred on Mauberne 

Hills, which he takes for an honour, and therefore stands 

so much upon his tiptoes. — Strange Met amor piloses of Man, 

sec. g. 1634. 

Malvern measure, full and running over! — Globe, 2i/2/'90 — 
is proverbial. This must surely be " Maxfield," which 
see in Cheshire. This appeared afterwards (1894) in 
Northall, Folk Phrases of Four Counties. 

Oddingley Heath [4 m. N.E. of Worcester]. 

O Dingley Dingley, spare thy breath : 
it shall be called Oddingley Heath. 
Two Saxon giants who fought on the Common thus compro- 
mised their claims, so that both names were perpetuated. 
— Nash, Hist, of Wor. 

Pershore. See Tenbury. 

" Parshia. God help us ! " The exclamation of the inhabitants 
in a bad fruit .season. — Lees; A'^., L, i. 422. 

When cherries are good and plentiful it is a God-bless-me Fair ; 
when scarce and inferior, a God-help-me Fair. 

Cf. Amagney. Les poures gens d'Amagney. Lorsqu'il y a 

une bonne recolte et qu'on demande aux femmes d'Ay 

d 'ou elles sont elles repondent vivement : 
" I son d'Aimaigney, d'y\imaigney las poirottes," et quand 

les fruits manquent elles repondent tristement " La-moi ! 

i son de Qas poures gens d'Aimaigney." — Dr. Perrot, 

Proverhes de la Franc he Comte, p. 103. 
Goumois Quand les prunes ont manque " D'oia fites vous ? " 

" De Goumois las moi ! " Quand elles sont en abondance 

" De Goumois, fotre ! " — lb., p. 114. 



Pershore Abbey Church (as also many others) is subject to 
Westminster : the vergers are summoned to all public 
functions there {e.g., there were 150 of the class present 
at Gladstone's funeral). The monks of Pershore used to 
tramp all the way to Westminster (over 100 miles), their 
password being " Pershore, God help us," and their 
reply "Pershore, what do you think ? " [Local tradition. 
See Appendix.] 

Little Shelsley [9 m. N.W. of Worcester]. 

The wind comes from Witchery Hole. Said by the inhabitants 
when a violent N. wind blows, insinuating that "broom- 
stick hags" are at the bottom of it. — Noake, p. 185. 

Stourport. Like Gawson's boats that sink upwards^ — N., II., 
xii. 501. 

Tenbury [18 m. N. of Worcester]. 

You never hear the cuckoo before Tenbury fair (April 20), nor 
after Pershore fair (June 26). He is said to attend the 
latter to buy a horse to ride away on. — Lees. 

" Sell wheat and buy rye," 

say the bells of Tenbury. — Chamberlain, West Wor. Words. 

Tibberton [3 m. E.N.E. of Worcester]. 

A stone church, a wooden steeple, 
a drunken parson, a wicked people. 

Noake, Ram., p. 288 ; Chamberlain. 

WiCKENFORD [2 m. S.E. of Evesham]. 

See Gloucestershire, Buckland. 

W^orcester. The faithful city {i.e. to the Stuart dynasty). 

Rimeour de Wyrcestre. — Douce M.S. 98, 13th Cy. Before 
Piers Plowman. 

It shines like Worcester against Gloucester, is a very old 
saying. — Chamberlain . 

It is proverbial that the Worcester ladies are poor, proud, and 
pretty. — Chamberlain. 

Worcester for pretty girls. See Staffordshire, Sutton. 

Cf. There are three P's almost in every place 
From which I counsel thee always to flee : 
Poison, Pride, Piles, and Pockes. 

Gascoigne, Dan Bartholomew of Bath. 

The churches in general we everywhere find 
Are places where men to the women are joined ; 
At Worcester it seems they are more cruel-hearted. 
For men and their wives are brought here to be parted. 

Noake, p. 207. 

This custom of separating the sexes no longer prevails in the 
Cathedral there, though it has been generally adopted of 
late years where a high ritual is followed. 




See Lancashire. 

Yorkeschir full of Kni3tes. — MS. Had. 
Yorkshire ful of Knyghtys.— MS. Rawl. 
Go to Yorkshire. — Folk Lore Record, i. 175. 
England is all turn'd Yorkshire, and the age 
Extremely sottish, or too nicely sage. 

Davies of Hereford, Paper Persecuton, p. 81. 
In Yorkshire ancient people say, 
If February's second day 
Be very fair and very clear, 
It doth portend a scanty year 
For hay and grass ; but if it rains. 
They never do perplex their brains. — P. Robin, 1735. 

(These allusions seem to point to an acknowledged character 
for canny wisdom in Yorkshire.) 

Measter 's Yorkshire too. — G. The answer of a hostler from the 
country to one enquiring why he had been so long in the 
house and still only a servant. 

The Yorkshire phrase: Cry "Whore" first. -P. Rob., Prog., 1734. 

Like the Yorkshireman's days, of all sorts and sizes. — P. Rob., 
Prog., 1727. 

'Twas the usual saying of a very ingenuous person, that Passionate 
Men, like Yorkshire Hounds, are apt to overrun the Scent. — 
Sir T. Blount's Essays, p. 141. 1692. 
Y. I am a Yorkshireman born and bred ; I care not who knows 

it. I hope true Yorkshire never denies his County. 
Scot. I thought you looked like a subtle blade. 

A Brief and Witty Dial, between a Yorkshireman and 
Scottishnan. 1650. 
Yorkshire, but honest — with good looking after. — N ., V., viii. 226. 
Yorkshire bite. A rogue, cheat.— Brogden, Line. Prov. ; Globe, 

IT 16, '84. 
A Yorkshireman will bite either dead or alive. — N., V., viii. 226. 
To put Yorshar to a man, is to trick or deceive him. — Lancashire 

Dialogue, 1757. 
To come Yorkshire over him = To cheat him. — G. 
When anything is done very sharp, clever, or unscrupulous we say, 

" That's real Yorksheer." — Peacock, Lincoln Gloss. 
Yorkshire tikes. — Ho. i.e. clowns. — G., Diet. 
Tike. A common sort of dog. — Hll. 
3one heythene tykes. — Morte d' Arthur. 

The indigence [? indigenes] of Yorkshire and strong, tall and 
long leg'd : they call 'em opprobriously long-leg'd tyke. — 
Aubrey, MS., Royal Soc, p. 11. 
Tykes too they had of all sorts, bandogs, 
curs, spaniels, water-dogs, and land-dogs. 

Cotton, VirgUe Travestie, iv. 



It is observed of the family of Vavasour that they never married 
an heir or buried their wives. (Edward IV.) — F.W., p. 222. 
The lands that over Ouse to Berwick forth do bear, 
Have for their blazon had : the snaffle, spur, and spear. 

Drayt. Poly. 

(Arms of the County.) A fly, a flea, a magpie and a flitch of 
bacon. — G. 

A flea, a fly, and a flitch of bacon. The flea will *"suck anyone's 

blood; the fly f drink out of anyone's cup; and the bacon is 

no good till it is hung. Some add, for fourth quartering, a 

magpie who will steal anything that conies in his way, and a 

horse for a crest. 

* eat with anyone. 

t will drink with any one, a magpie will talk with any one, and a 

flitch of bacon is good for nothing until it is hung, and so is a 


Yorkshireman. A fly drowned in ale. — Brogden. 

Give a Yorkshireman a halter, and he '11 find a horse. — Haz. 

Shake a bridle over a Yorkshireman's grave, and he '11 rise and steal 

a horse. — G. 
Whipshire. — G., Diet. 
A Yorkshire fritter. A Shrove Tuesday Banquet. 1641. 

(Perhaps the Yorkshire pudding which still accompanies roast 
Old Pegg. Poor Yorkshire cheese, made of skim-milk. — G., Diet. 
A Yorkshire way-bit. — F. W., ii. 492, 535. An overplus not accounted 
in the reckoning. — George Meriton, Yorkshire Ale. 
wea-bit {i.e. wee, small). — F. W. 
a wea-bit longer than a mile. — Cleveland, Poems, p. 37. 

In the Northern parts there is a wee-bit to every mile. — Ho., Familiar 
Letters, iv. 28. 

Like higler's pad or pack-horse drone. 
Not caring to perform much more 
Than one good Yorkshire mile an hour. 

Edw. Ward, Don Quixote, p. 44. 1711. 
Yorkshire estates. Imaginary possessions : chateaux en Espagne. 

This expression has been attributed to Dr. Johnson. 
York = every man pay his share. 

Yorkshire reckonings each pays for himself [? your share]. 
Indeed though other Counties have more of the warm sun, this 
[Yorksh.] hath as much of any of God's [temporal] 
blessings. — F. W. 
[Note.— N == North Riding, W = West Riding, E — East Riding.— Ed.] 

Addleborough (N.), [near Askrigg]. 
A Druidical circle, a Roman camp. 

Druid, Roman, Scandinavia, 
Stone Raise on Addleboro'. 

Walter White, Month in Yorkshire, 245. 



Bawtry (W.). The Saddler of Bawtry was hanged for leaving his 
liquor behind him. — G. 

Beswick [6^ m. N.W. of Beverley] . 

A thatched church, a wooden steeple, 

a drunken parson, and wicked people. — N., IIL, xii. 75. 

Beverley (E.). Burnet de Beverle. — Douce MS. 98, 13th Cy. 

It is better to be at the baiting of a bear than the saying of a 
mass. This refers to the falling of part of the Minster in 
1520, by which fifty-five of the worshippers were killed 
while the people attending a bear-fight at the same moment 
escaped. — Longstaffe, Richmondshire, p. 124. 

See Hornsea. 

BiRSTAL. Birstal* for ringers, 

Heckmandwike* for singers ; 

Dewsbury'* for peddlers, 

Clackheaton * for sheddlers [swindlers]. 

* All West. F. L. Rec, i. 174. 

BowES (N.), [near Barnard's Castle]. 
When Julius Caesar was a King 
Bowes Castle was a famous thing. — Murr. 

(Built within the Roman station, and pronounced untenable. 
— Tevip. Edw. III.) 

Bradfield [7 m. N.W. of Sheffield]. On the Moors. A place 
which God began but never finished. 

Bridlington (E.). See Hornsea. 

Brotherton [3 m. N.E. of Pontefract]. 5^^ Sutton. 

Castleford. Castleford women must needs be fair 

because they wash both in Calder and Aire. 

Whitaker, Loidis and Elmete. 
Castleford is an old Roman station at the junction of two 
W.R. rivers, where the Calder ceases. — F. L. Journal, 
i. 172. 

Clackheaton (W.). See Birstall. 

Cleveland-in-the-clay (N.). See Roseberry and Eston-in-Hills. 

bring in two soles f and carry one j away. — R., 1670. 
* Between Whitby and the Tees. t twa shun. :|: yane. 

A shire even of herself might well be said to be 
If she were not here confined thus in me. 

CoTHERSTON (N.), [4 m. N.W. of Barnard's Castle]. 

Cotherston, where they christen calves, hopple lops, and knee- 
band spiders. — N,, III., iii. 233. 

Not hops, as Hazlitt renders it. Lops are fleas. — Hunter, 
Hallamshiye Glossary. 



Hazlitt has further blundered by inserting as a Somerset pro- 
verb, " Cotherston cheeses will cover a multitude of 
sins." This is really a remark in Longstaffe's Richnond- 
shire, p. 38, apologising for the preceding proverb, and in 
praise of Yorkshire cheeses. There is no Cotherston in 
Somerset, and the nearest approach, Cothelstone, is not 
a cheese-making place. 

Cf. Hexham, in Northumberland. 

COTTINGHAM (E.), [4 m. N.W. of Hull]. 

When Derwent flows 

then Keldgate goes. — F. L. J., i. 164. 

These are intermittent springs, supposed to depend on the 
Derwent, twenty miles away. 

Cowling (W.), [5 m. S.S.W. of Skipton]. 

Cowling moons. A Craven proverb. See Hone, Table Book, 
p. 721. 

Craven (W.). 

A lang-horned an, i.e. an inhabitant. After the cattle of the 

district. — Carr, Craven Glossary. 
There's a hill against a stack all Craven through. — Higson, 172. 
Ollas a hill anenst a slack.* — Carr. 

* Slack, low-ground. — Hll. 

Darfield [4 m. E.S.E. of Barnsley]. See Doncaster. 

Dewsbury (W.). See Birstal. 

DiGHTON (E.), [i m. from Hull]. See Hull. 

Doncaster (W.). Cengles de Doncastre, i.e. girths. — Douce 1^/5.98. 
Doncaster cuts, i.e. horses. — Skelton, Magnyfycence, circa 1520. 

Dunmow bacon and Doncaster daggers. — Ho. 

The Doncaster Mayor, he sits in his chair. 

His mills they merrily go ; 
His nose doth shine, with drinking of wine. 

And the gout is in his great-toe. — Murr. 

The profits of the town-mills on the Don were formerly 
assigned for the mayoralty expenses. — Murr. 

There '11 either be rain or else summat waur 
when bitter-bumps*' sing upon Potterick Carr.f 
* Bitterns. + A level of 4,000 acres i m. S. of Doncaster race-course. 

Doncaster Roll-abouts, Melton egg-shells, 

Mexborough cracked Panchion and Darfield merry bells. 

N., VHL, V. 425. 

Entrepen (Enterpen common), [7 m. N. of Northallerton]. See 

Ferrybridge [i|- m. N.W. of Knottingley]. See Sutton. 

Fishlake (W.), [2 m. W. of Thorne]. Poor Fishlake. See Hatfield. 



Halifax (W.). See Hull. 

Heading Halifax. — Drayt. Pol., xxviii. 

Alas ! all this comes too late : Hallifaxe law hath been executed 
in kind : I am already hanged, and now wee cum to con- 
consider and examine of the evidence. — Wentworh, in 
Irish State Papers. 

Impanelled of an Holyfax inquest. — Bp. Hall, Sat., IV., i. 17. 

By the Gibbet-law of the Forest of Hardwick thieves taken 

" in the manner " were summarily beheaded. — Wright, 

Antiq. of Halifax. 

Cf. Lydford, in Devonshire, and Edinburgh. 
Go to HaUfax ! (a eupheaiism for Hell). — A^., V , iv. 154. 

Halifax is a mongrel begot by a Leeds merchant and a Lanca- 
shire woman, and nursed by a Dutch frow. — Tim Bobbin, 
Lane. Dialect. 

Halifax is made of wax 

and Heptonstall of stone ; 
in Halifax there 's many a pretty girl, 

in Heptonstall there's none. — iV., II., xii. 499. 

Gooid brade, botter, and sheese, 

is gooid Halifax, and gooid Frieze. — 'White ; Higson. 

Hallamshire (W.). a lordship round Sheffield, now belonging to 
the Duke of Norforlk. 

When all the world shall be aloft, 
then Hallamshire shall be God's croft. — R., 1678. 
See Lancashire. 

Halton. Halton, Rudby, Entrepen : (N.) 

far more rogues than honest men. 

Wm. Andrews, Old Yorkshire. 

All in Cleveland. Rudby is 3 m. W.S.W. of Stokesley. — 
F. L. Rec, i. 263-9. 

See Hutton. 

Said the Devil when flying o'er Harrogate Wells, 
I think I am getting near home by the smells. 

Hartforth (N.). 

Have at thee, Black Hartforth, but have a care of Bonny 
Gilling [near Richmond]. — Hll., Pop. Rhy., 196. 

The devil being angry with the Hartforth people cast a 
boulder at them, which now lies on the north side of 
Gaterley Moor. — L,ongsta.ffe's Richinomishire, p. 120. 

Hatfield. Proud Hatfield, Rich Stainforth ; 

Poor Fishlake, Lousy Thorne. — A^., VIII., iv. 335. 

There are no rats at Hatfield ='= nor sparrows at Lindhohn.f - 
F. L. Rec, i. 173. 

* 2 m. from Thorne (W.). 1 4 m. from Thorne (W.). 



Heptonstall [8 m. N.W. of Halifax]. See Halifax. 
Heckmandwicke (W.). See Birstall. 

Heptonstall (W.), [7 m. N.W. of Halifax]. Sec Halifax. 
HOLDERNESS (E.), [5 m. E. of Hull]. 

Patrington Church is said to be the Queen and Heydon or 
Hedon Church the *King of Holderness churches. — Murr. 
* Pride— Walcott. 

Hornsea (E.). Hornsea steeple when I built thee, 
thou wert ten miles off Burlington, 
ten miles off Beverley, 
and ten miles from* the sea. — Murr. 
* Off.— White. 

Hornsea broach, when I built thee 
thou wast ten miles from Beverley, 
ten miles from Bridlington, 
and ten miles from the sea. 

Andrews, People and Steeple Rhymes. 

It is now a watering-place on a sea-cliff. The steeple fell during 
a gale in 1773. — White. 

From Hull, Hell, and Halifax, good Lord, deliver us ! — Ho. 
It is proverbial in our country. — Copley, Wits, Fits, and Fancies^ 

p. 112. 1614. 
From Hell, Hull, and Halifax, good Lord, deliver us ! 
This is part of the Beggars' and Vagrants' Litany. — F. W. 

The magistrates were noted for their severity. 
Neither in Hull, Hell, nor Halifax. — Nash, Lenten Stnffe, 
p. 58. 1599. 

There 's neither Halifax, nor Hull, nor Hell 
That for good parts my horse can parallel. 

J. Taylor, Short Relation of a Long Jouvney. 

If ill to Newgate hiss them or Bridewell, 
To any place — Hull, Hahfax, or Hell. 

J. Taylor, Virtues of a Gaol. 

There is a proverb and a prayer withal. 
That we not to three strange places fall ; 
From Hull, from Halifax, from Hell — 'tis thus : 
From all these three, good Lord, deliver us ! 

Id., A Very Merry Wherry Ferry Voyage. 

You have eaten some Hull cheese, i.e. are drunk. — R., 1678. 

Famous for strong ale. 
Like a loaf out of a brewer's basket — cousin-German to the 

mightiest ale in England. — J. Taylor, Pierce Penniless. 

Hull for women. See Oxford. 

Hull memorable for mud and train oil. (A saying of W. Etty, 

R.A.)— White, p. 10. 
As strong as Hull (fortifications). — Peacock, Lincoln Gloss. 



When Dighton* is pull'd down 
Hull shall become a great town. — R., 1670. 
* A suburb, now destroyed. 

Paul and Paul Holme. — White, p. 10. On the banks of the 
H umber, the church standing apart. 

High Paul,* Low Paul, and all Paul Town, 
there is ne'er a maid married in old Paul Town. 

*i.e. Paghill. N., L, vi., 410. 

Holloa 's dead and his wife lives at Hull ; 

kept a cow, but milked a bull. — Peacock, Lincoln Gloss. 

(Said to anyone holloa-ing persistently.) 

HuTTON. Hutton, Rudby, Entrepen, (N.) 

far more rogues than honest men. — White, p. 182. 
Near Northallerton, in Cleveland. 

Jervaulx (N.), [3 m. S.E. of Middlehamj. 

Justeur de Jerdele. — Douce MS. 98. i.e. jousteur, tilter. 

Furnage de Gerwaus ib Fournage. The fee taken by a Lord 
of his vassals and tenants, [who were] bound to bake in his 
common oven, or for a permission to use their own. — 

Jervaulx, a Cistercian Abbey, founded 1156, on the river Ure 
or Yore. 

Knottingley [2^ m. N.E. of Pontefract]. See Sutton. 

Lartington (N.), [2 m. W.N.W. of Barnard's Castle]. 

Lartington frogs, 

and Barney Castle butchers' dogs. 

Longstaffe, Richmondshive, p. 133. 

Leeds Saracens' heads. The ancient copper coins found here- 
abouts. — Denham, F. L. of Durham, p. 66. 
Snaw, snaw faster, 
Bull, bull faster ; 
Owd women picking geese, 
sending feathers down to Leeds. — Haz. 

Market Weighton (E.), [18 m. E.S.E. of York]. 

Market Weighton, Robert Leighton,*^ 
a brick church, a wooden steeple, 

a drunken priest, a wicked people. — F. L. Joimiali i. 164. 

* A well-known farmer. 

Melton (High) (E.), [4 m.W.S.W. of Doncaster] , which see. 
The fairest lady in this land 
was drowned at Mount Ferrand. 

Denham, F. L. N. of E.y p. 10. 1851. 

Mexborough [6 m. S.W. of Doncaster], near Beverley, which see ; 
also rivers Dearne and Don. 



Northallerton (N.)- 

Northallerton in Yorkshire doth excel 

all England, nay, all Europe, for strong ale. 

George Meryton, Yorkshive Ale, 1683. 
Northallerton spurs. — G. 

Nun Keling. 

If you go to Nun Keling, 
You shall find your belly filling 
Of whig or of whey ; 

But go to Swine, 

And come betime, 
Or else you go empty away ; 
But the Abbot of Means'^ 
Doth keep a good house 

By night and by day. — Hunter, Hall. Gloss. : art. Whigges. 
* Meaux, 3 m. E. of Beverley. 

(Three Cistercian Houses near to Hull (E.). 

From one of Dodsworth's MSS. in Bodleian Museum. 

Pontefract(W.). Marche de Punfreyt.—Doace M5. 98. (Market.) 
Pomfret cakes (liquorice prepared in small medallions), stamped 
with a small castle. 

As sure as a louse in Pomfret. — R., 1670. 

A louse in Pomfret is not surer 
Than the poor through sloth securer. 

Brathwayt, Drunken Bavnaby, iii. 

Raskelfe (N.), [2 m. N.W. of Easingwold]. 

A wooden church, a wooden steeple, 
rascally church, rascally people. — Br. 

Richmond (N.). Omne super omen 

I.H.S. est venerabile nomen. 
(Inscription on curfew bell). — Longstaffe, Richinondshire. 

Ripon (W.). Palefrey de Ripun. — Douce MS. 98, 13th Cy. 
As true steel as Rippon rowels. — F. W. ; Drayton, Pol., ii. 
Ripon spurs for men and fighting cocks. — G., Did. 

RiVAULx (N.), [4 m. N.W. of Helmsley] . (Rievallis) 

Round about Revess. A similitude for tautological circumlocution 
in discourse. The valley of the Rye is tortuous. — Gentleman's 
Magazine, 1754, p. 426. 

Cf. Robin Hood's barn. 

RuDBY IN Cleveland. See Hutton. 

Saddleworth (W.), [6 m. N.W. of Ashton-under-Lyne]. 

Like the parson of Saddleworth, who could read in no book but 
his own. — R., 1670. See N., IV., xii. 388, 524. R. places 
this in Cheshire. 

VOL. I. 225 15 


Scarborough (N.). See N.H.W. 

A Scarbro' warning, i.e. none at all. — He. 

Cf. A Skairsburn warning (Kirkcudbright) in Scotland (Rivers). 

(Not till danger knock at the door, as it once happened there 
from the French. — Ho.) 

Such proverbial speeches as Totness (sic) is turned French, 
for a strange alteration, Skarborow warning for a sodaine 
commandment allowing no respect or delay to bethink a 
man of his business. — Puttenham, Art of English Poesie, 
HL, xviii. 

A word and a blow, like a Scarborough warning. — Murray, 
who refers it to the capture of the Castle by surprise by 
Stafford in Wyatt's rebellion, 1553. Said also to have 
been spoken by Mountain of his capture at Cambridge 
Castle in 1544. See Strype's Memorials of Queen Mary, 

One explanation is that it was the custom to fire without 
warnng upon vessels passing Scarborough Castle which 
did not strike their sails. — Corlass, p. 6. 

Al they the lyke poast haste did make with Scarboro' scrabbling. 
— Stanihurst, j^neid, iv. 621. See also Chambers' Book of 
Days, January 19 ; Diary of Adela Pryme, p. 126. 

Scarborough leisure [ironical]. — Stanihurst, Description of Ireland , 
p. 23. 

Scarborough, which looks as though in Heav'n it stood 
To those that lie below from the bay of Robin Hood, 
Even to the fall of Tees. — Drayt. Pol. 

The Queen of Northern watering-places. — Murr. 

Sheffield (W.). When Sheffield Park is ploughed and sown 
then little England hold thy own. — R., 1678. 

Winkabank and Temple brough, 

will buy all England through and through. — R., 1678. 
[Two camps nr. Sheffield.] 

A Sheffield thwitel bare he in his hose. — ChdiXX., Cant. Tales: Reve's T. 

Bride and bridegroom called " a new pair of Sheffield Knives.'* 
i.e. scissors. — Witch of Edmonton, ii, 2. 

Sheffield blades. The inhabitante of these times. 

Skipton (W.). Oh, in Skipton in Craven 

is never a haven 
but many a day foul weather. — Murr. 

Sprotbrough (W.), [2 m. S.W. of Doncaster] . 

Whoso is hungry and lists well to eat, 

Let him come to Sprotborough for his meat, 

and for a night and for a day 

his horse shall have both corn and hay, 

and no man shall ask him when he goeth away. — Higson, 22. 



R. W. Scott Surtees {Waifs and Strays of North Humhev 
Hist., 1864), refers this to King Alfred's sanctuary laws, 
by which a criminal could obtain three days' sanctuary 
at a minster house. 

Sutton. Sutton*' boiled mutton, Brotherton* beet, 

Ferrybridgef bonny lass, and KnottingleyJ thief. 

N., v., ix. 175. 

* 3 m. N.E. of Pontefract. fi^ rn. N.W. of Knottingley. 

X 2^ m. N.E. of Pontefract. 

Sutton is a small hamlet, 20 m. S. of York. 

Stainforth (W.), [3 m. W.S.W. of Thorne] . Rich Stainforth. 
See Hatfield. 

Tadcaster (W.) lang-borrow pennies. The ancient copper coins 
found in the soil. — Denham, F. L. Derh., p. 66. 

Nil Tadcaster habet Musis vel carmine dignum 
Praeter magnifice structun sine flumine pontum. 

Itiii. of T. Edas, in Camd. Soc. 
The Lord Dacres 
was slain in the North Acres — Haz. 

(at the battle of Towton, 2 m. S. of Tadcaster.) 

Thorne (W.), [25 m. S.S.E. of York]. Lousy Thorne. See Hatfield. 


Chances de Tikehull. — Douce MS. 
Tickhill, God help me! — N. L, i. 247. 

Wakefield (W.). 

Merry Wakefield. — F. W. ; R. Brathwaite, Strappado for the 
Divell, 1 61 5. 

and her Pinder too. — See N., H., xi. 310. 

G. suggests mirrie, faithful, and instances " Uprouse ye then 

my merry men." 

Wetherby (W.), [12 m. W.S.W. of York]. 

The woeful town of Wetherby. — N., L, vii. 233. 

Whitby (N.). The EngHsh Engadine. 

WiBSEY-HooPEY (W.), [2 m. S.S.W. of Bradford]. 

Wibsey-Hoppey beef-eaters. 
York (E. and W.). 

Eboracum silvis, Excestria clara matallis, 
Norwicum Dacis,* Hibernis Caestria GalUs {temp. Rich. I.). 
Blomfield, Hist, of Norfolk, iii. (Norwich, p. 39). 
* Danes. 
York still shall be.— F.W. 

Lincoln was, London is, and York shall be 

the fairest* city of the three. —Stukely,/i^m.; 'BxovaQj'ravels,ijOG. 

* Finest. — Murr. 



That Lincoln was ; viz., a far fairer, greater, richer city than 
it now is — both plainly appears by the ruins thereof, 
being without controversy the greatest city, in the 
Kingdom of Mercia. That London is, we know ; but 
that York shall be, God knows. — F. W. 
Those who hope it may become the English metropolis must 
wait until the river Thames runs under the great arch of 
Ouse bridge. — Ih. 
Quoted of himself by Geo. Montaigne, who, leaving Lincoln, 
was Bishop of London 1 621-8, and in the last year was 
translated to York and died. — F. W. 
Let none upbraid thee for thy skill, whereas 
Thy Trade 's a smith, thou bred in Lincoln was. 
A City great (where thou didst gather this) 
Known to our nation well, as London is. 
I speak thy worth, thy work : let all men see, 
And wrest it if they can, still York shall he. 
But what ! a Smith a herald ? Yes, of fame : 
Thy pen thy book doth show, as York thy name. 

Prefatory verses to The Union of Honour, by Jas. Yorke (a 
Blacksmith : the local Heraldry of Lincolnshire). 
Let London still the just precedence claim, 
York ever shall be proud to be the next in fame. 

" By an old rhymester." White, p. 5. 

As much as York exceeds foul Sutton. — R. Ascham, Toxoph., 
reg. C. 

I can't be at York and London at the same time. — Fuller, 

Referred by F. L. ^our. to Dick Turpin's famous ride from 
London to York to establish an alibi. He was b. 171 1, 
and executed 1739. 
He is a lord for a year and a day, 
but she is a lady for ever and aye. 

i.e. The Mayor and Mayoress of York : he and the Ma)^or of 
London being the only Lord Mayors. [No longer so, 
however. — Ed.] 

The three P's of York. Pretty, Poor, Proud. — Higson, 208. 
York for a tit. See Oxford. Cf. Worcester. 

York, York for my money 

of all the cities that ever I see, 

In merry pastime and companie, 

Except the cittie of London. — Hll., Yorkshire Authors. 

Chorus of Song of i6th Cy. Quoted by Rd. Brome, 
"Northern Lass," ii. i. 

Capitulum, Kekus, porcus, fimus Eboracus, 
Stal, nel, lamprones, Kelc et melc, salt, salamones 
Ratus, cum petys, haec sunt staura cuntetis. 

MS. 15th Cy., Trin. Coll., Camb. ; Rel. An., ii. 178. 




Bilhope braes for bucks and raes, and Carit haugh for swine, 

and Tarras for the good bull-trout, if he be ta'en in time. — Brockett. 

? Scotland. Tarras is a river in E. Dumfries, falling into the 
If Brayton bargh, and Hambleton hough, and Burton bream, 
were all in thy belly, it would never be teem. — R., 1670. 
Eminences between Cawood and Pontefract. 

(Said of a covetous person.) 

You might as well try to bore a hole through Beacon Hill (above 
Halifax, on the Bradford Road, now tunnelled by the Lan- 
cashire and Yorkshire Railway). — N., 1., xi. 223. 

See Wright, Hist, of Halifax, 1738. 
When Eston Knab puts on a cloak, and Roysberry a cappe, 
then all the folks on Cleveland's Clag* ken there will be a clappe. 

M. A. Denham, F. L. N. of E., p. 13. 1850. 
* 4 m. N.W. of Guisborough. 
When Hood Hill has on his cap, 
Hamilton's sure to come down with a clap. — Denham, p. 14. 

How Hill and Hambleton [7 m. from. Thirsk] . Hambleton 
Moor is celebrated as a training-ground for horses. 
Ingleborough*, Pendlef (hill), and Pennygentl 
are the highest hills between Scotland and Trent. — Camden, 
* W., 2361. t N.E. Lan., 1803. t W., 2270. 

or Pendle, Penigent, and Ingleborough, 

are the three highest hills all England through. — R., 1670. 
or Pendle hill, Penygent, and little Ingleborough, 

are three such hills as you '11 not find by searching England 
thorough. — F.L. J., i. 164. 

that Ingleboro' hill, Pendle, and Penigent, 

Should be named the highest betwixt our Tweed and Trent. 

Drayt. Pol., xxviii. 
When Ingleboro' wears a hat, 
Ribblesdale '11 know of that.— F. L. J., i. 164. 

Pendle Hill, though 1851 feet above the sea level, is 800 feet 
lower than Grey Friar in N. Lancashire, and considerably 
lower than Whernside in Yorkshire. — Harland and Wil- 
kinson, Lancashire Legends. 

Rawden (W.). 

When Billing Hill puts on his cap, 
Calverley mill will get a slap. 

Billing, the highest point of the hill in Rawdon (Wharfdale;, 
dividing the valleys of the Wharfe and Aire. Calverly Mill 
is on the Aire, near the scene of the " Yorkshire Tragedy." 
— F.L. Record, i. 169. 
When Roseberry Topping wears a cappe, 
let Cleveland then beware --'a clappe. — Camd. 

* Of a rap, i.e. a thunderstorm. 



When Rhosbery Topping wears a hat, 

Morden* carrs will suffer for that. — Denham, F. L., p. 13. 

* Co. Durham, near Sedgfield. 
When Gormire*-' riggs shall be covered with hay 
the White Mare of Whitestone Clifff will bear it away. — Murr. 

* Gormire is a tarn. t At the end of the Hambledon Hills, near Thirsk. 

When Oliver Mount | puts on its hat, 
Scarborough, Falsgrave, and Scalby must pay for that. 

X i^m. from Scarboro'. JV., IV., iv. 13I. 


Still Are, swift Wherfe, with Oze the most of might. 
High Swale, unquiet Nidd, and troublous Skell. — Spenser. 

Wharfe is clear, and the Aire lithe, 

where the Aire drowns one, Wharfe drowns five. 

Andrews, Old Yorkshire, i. 263-g. 
Seamer Water, near Askrigg. 
Simmer Water rise. Simmer Water sink, 

and swallow *all the town, save one li'le house where they gave me 
meat and drink. — Murr. 

* up all but this . . . bread and cheese and summat to drink. — Longstaffe, 

Richmondshire, p. 108. 

(A beggar's curse, fulfilled by an inundation.) 

When Derwent flows 

then Keldgate goes. — F.L. J., i. 164. 

There are some intermitting springs at Keldgate [i m. from 
Cottingham, near Hull] which are supposed to be dependent 
on the Derwent, some twenty miles away. — Murr. 
The shelving, slimy river Dun,f 

each year a daughter or a son. — Hunter, Hnllamshire Gloss. Cf. Dart. 

(drowned) ? Sacrifice to the River-God. 
t Or Don, running past Sheffield. 
The happiest people under the sun 
dwell betwixt the Dearne and the Dun.— iV., VHL, v. 425. 

Mexborough [6 m. S.W. of Doncaster] lies between them. 


Hervordschir, shild and sper ; The propyrte of every shire 

Wosterschir, wringe per. I shal you telle and ye will here. 

Glowceterschir, schow and naile; Herefordshire, sheeld and spere; 

Bristowschir, schip and saile. Worsetershire, wryng pere. 

Oxenfordschir, gurd mare ; Gloucestershire, sho and nayle ; 

Warwikschir, bind beare. Brystowe, shippe and sayle. 

London, globber ; Oxenfordshire, gyrde the mare ; 

Sothery, great bragger. Warwykshire, bynd bere. 

Schropschir, my schinnes be London, resortere ; 

scharpe, Sowtherey, gret bragere. 




Ley wood to the fir, and yef 

me my harpe. 
Lancaschir, a fair archer ; 
Cheschir, thacker. 
Northumberlond, hastie and hot ; 
Westmerlond, tot for sote ! 
Yorkeschir, full of knijtes ; 
Lincolnschir, men full of mi3tes. 
Cambridgeschir, full of pikes ; 
Holland, full of dikes. 
Suffolk, full of wiles ; 
Norffolk, full of giles. 
Essex, good huswives ; 
Middelsex, full of strives. 
Kent, as hot as fir ; 
Sussex, full of mir. 
Southampton, dire and wete; 
Somersetschir, good for whete. 
Devinschir, mi3t and strong ; 
Dorcetschir, will have no wrong. 
Willschir, fair and plaine ; 
Barkschir, fill vaine. 
Harvordschir, full of wood ; 
Huntingdonschir,corne full good. 
Bedfordschir is not to lack ; 
Buckinghamschir is his make. 
Northampton, full of love, 
Beneath the girdel and not above. 
Nottinghamschir, full of hoggys ; 
Darbyschir, full of doggys. 
Leicesterschir, full of benys ; 
Staffordschir, full of shrewd 

Cornewall, full of tyne ; 
Wales, full of gentlemen. 

Probata sunt ista omnia. 
MS. Harl. 7371 ; 

Rel. Ant., i. 269. 

Esex, ful of good hoswyfes : 
Middlesex, ful of stryves. 
Kentshire, hoot as fire ; 
Sowseks, ful of dyrt and myre. 
Hertfordshire, ful of wode ; 
Huntyngdonshire, corne ful 


Bedfordshire is nought to lakke ; 
Bokynghamshire is his maakke. 
Northamptonshire, full of love 
Benethe the gyrdyll and noth 

Lancastreshire, fayre archere ; 
Chestreshire, thwakkere. 
Northumbreland, hasty and hoot ; 
Westmerland, tprut Scotte. 
Yorkshire, ful of knyghtys ; 
Cambrygeshire, ful of pykes ; 
Holond, ful of grete dykes. 
Northfolk ful of wyles; 
Southfolk ful of styles. 
I am of Shropshire, my shines 

be sharpe ; 
Ley wode to the fyre, and dresse 

me my harpe. 
Notynghamshire, ful of hogges ; 
Derbyshire, ful of dogges. 
Leycetershire, ful of benys ; 
Staffordshire, ful of quenys. 
Wilkshire, fayre and playne ; 
Bark shy re, fyll the wayne. 
Hampshire, drye and wete ; 
Somersetshire, good for whete. 
Devenshire, myghty and stronge; 
Dorseteshire wil have no wronge. 
Pynnokshire is not to prayse ; 
A man may go it in to dayes. 
Cornewayle, ful of tynne ; 
Walys, full of goote and kene. 
That Lord that for us alldydedye, 
Save all these shires ! Amen, 

say we. 

MS. Rawlinson ; Leland's 
Itin. ,hy Hearne, V., xxvi. 


As he the surface thus, So likewise will he show 
The clownish blazons to each country long ago. 
Which those unletter'd times with blind devotion lent. 
Before the learned maids our fountains did frequent. 



To show the Muse can shift her habit, and she now 
Of Palatins that sung, can whistle to the plough ; 
And let the curious tax his clownry, with their skill 
He recks not, but goes on, and say they what they will. 
" Kent, first in our account, doth to itself apply," 
Quoth he, "this blazon first, ' Long tails and liberty.' 
Sussex with Surrey say, ' Then let us lead home logs.' 
As Hampshire long for her hath had the term of ' Hogs,' 
So Dorsetshire, of long, they ' Dorsers ' us'd to call. 
Cornwal and Devonshire cry, ' We '11 wrestle for a fall.' 
Then Somerset says, ' Set the bandog on the bull.' 
And Glo'stershire again is blazon'd, ' Weigh thy wool.' 
As Berkshire hath for hers, ' Let 's to 't and toss the ball,' 
And Wiltshire will for her, ' Get home and pay for all.' 
Rich Buckingham doth bear the term of ' Bread and beef. 
Where if you beat a bush 'tis odds you start a thief.' 
So Hertford blazon'd is, ' The club and clouted shoon ' ; 
Thereto, ' I '11 rise betime and sleep again at noon.' 
When Middlesex bids, ' Up to London let us go. 
And when our market 's done, we '11 have a pot or two.' 
As Essex hath of old been named, ' Calves and stiles,' 
Fair Suffolk, ' Maids and milk,' and Norfolk, ' Many wiles.' 
So Cambridge hath been call'd, ' Hold nets and let us win ' ; 
And Huntingdon, 'With stilts we'll stalk through thick and thin.* 
Northamptonshire of long hath had this blazon, ' Love 
Below the girdle all, but little else above.' 
An outcry Oxford makes, * The scholars have been here. 
And little though they paid, yet have they had good cheer.' 
Quoth warlike Warwickshire, ' I '11 bind the sturdy bear ' ; 
Quoth Wor'stershire again, ' And I will squirt the pear.' 
Then Staffordshire bids, ' Stay, and I will beat* the fire, 
And nothing will I ask but goodwill for my hire.' 
' Bean-belly Le'stershire ' her attribute doth bear. 
And ' Bells and bagpipes ' next belong to Lincolnshire. 
Of ' Malthorse't Bedfordshire long since that blazon wan, 
And little Rutlandshire is termed ' Raddleman.' 
To Derby is assign'd the name of ' Wool and lead,' 
As Nottingham's, of old, (is common) ' Ale and bread.' 
So Hereford for her says, ' Give me woof and warp,' 
And Shropshire saith in her, ' That shins be ever sharp ; 
Lay wood upon the fire, reach hither me my harp, 
And whilst the black bowl walks we merrily will carp.' J 
Old Cheshire is well known to be the * Chief of men,' 
* Fair women ' doth belong to Lancashire again. 
The lands that over Ouse to Berwick forth do bear 
Have for their blazon had the ' Snaffle, spur and spear.' " 

M. Drayton, Polyolbion, Song xxiii., 1622. 

* Mend, repair. 

t A slow, dull, heavy horse, such as is used by brewers. Used by 
Shakespeare as a term of contempt, Com. of Err., iii. i ; Taming of the Shrew, 
iv. II. 

\ To talk, chat. A-N., i.e. as long as the drink lasts. 




See Shropshire. 

Wales full of gentlemen. — MS. Harl. 

Wales full of goote and kene. — MS. Rawl. 

Taffy [David] .— G., Did. 

Welsh flannel — snuff — wig. 

Hard as Severn salmon, dried in Wales. — Ned Ward, Nuptial 
Dialogues, L, xiii. 1710. 

Gallant little Wales. A Gladstonian compliment. Cf. Sharpham, 
Cupid's Whirligig. 1607. 

Li plus ligier (active) en Gales. — Dit de VApostoile, 13th Cent. 

His Welsh blood is up. — F. W. 

The older the Welshman the more madman. — Ho., p. 31- 

Archers de Walz. — Douce MS. 98, 13th Cy. 

A gentleman of Wales, 

with a Knight of Cales, [i.e. Cadiz*] 

and a lord of the North Countree, 

a yeoman of Kent 

upon a rack-rent 

will buy them out all three. — F. W. 

* See sub Kent, p. 108. 

Like the Welshman's cow, Httle and deedy [i.e. good]. — Baker, 
Nliants Gloss. 

Though he says nothing he pays it [i.e. makes amends] with thinking, 
like the Welshman's jackdaw. — R., 1678. See Taylor, Wit 
and Mirth, No. 8, 1629. 

Ni cheitio Cymbro oni goUo. 

The Welshman keeps nothing till he has lost it. Seen in the 
tenaciousness of their hold on their castles when they had 
recovered them. — F. W. 

The Welshman had rather see his dam on the bier 
than to see a fair Februeer. — R., 1678. 

Wild Wales. 

And ships them to the new-named virgin land, 
or wilder Wales where never wight yet won'nd. 

Bp. Hall, Sat., v., i. 113. 

He that 's born in Walys or small brytayne. 

To lerne to pyke and stele nedys nat go to Rome. 

Barclay, Ship of Fools, 1. 178. 

The Lumbard nation, untrue of deed and mind, 

And little Brytayne is all of like assent. — lb., ii. 308. 

Cf. Taffy was a Welshman, Taffy was a thief. 

Calon y Sais wrth Cymro. The heart of an Englishman (or Saxon) 
towards a Welshman, i.e. open or secret hatred. — F. W. 



News from heaven, hell, and the land of whipperginnie. — Nash, 
The Unfortunate Tvavellev. 
The Cambrian game of Whip her ginny or English one-and- 
thirty. — Taylor, Wks., i. 325. 

And thus as I am told Ap Owen 

is now confounded into Bowen, 

and she that lately was Ap Rice 

is Anglicised to Mrs. Price. — P. Robin, Mar., 1730. 

Ferd. Prithee, what countryman art thou that puts so many R's 
into thy English ? 

Porter. A Briton, sir. Glamorganshire, sire and dam. — Killigrew, 
Thomaso, L, i. 2. 

Giraldus Cambrensis, the son of an English father and Welsh 
mother, says that he was ever beheld oculo novercali, 
because being a Welshman by the surer side and then such 
the antipathy of the English they thought no good could 
come out of Wales. — F. W. 

Poor Robin — an Almanac published in London from 1663 — 1776, the 
early volumes being ascribed to Robert Herrick — continually 
on St. David's Day recurs to chaff and even abuse the 
Welsh, Under March i, 1735, it speaks of their being 
carried in effigy in London. A Welshman whose house had 
a chimney was told about then that he was in a fair way of 
being pricked for High Sheriff. — Globe, 17/6, '84. 

Bu Arthur ond tra fu, i.e. Arthur was not but while he was. — F. W. 
It is sad to say " Nos fuimus Trojes." The greatest eminency when 

not extant is extinct. " The Fryer never loved what was 

good."— F. W. 

Crogging ! Crogging ! — F. W. A rallying cry used by the English 
in battle in memory of the Welsh having defeated them in 
the attempt to take Croggen Castle, Denbighshire, temp. 
Hen. H. Croggen, nickname for Welsh. — Drayt. Polyolb., ix. 

Ne thorres Arthur Nawdd gwraig [i.e. Arthur did never violate the 
refuge of a woman]. — F. W. Some suppose this to mean her 
tongue, which he granted free course. — F. W. 

A North- Wale-ian. A South-Wale-ian. The Wye as a natural 
line of separation dividing the inhabitants, they thus speak 
of each other. The people of the North pride themselves on 
the superior purity of race and language. 

The Welsh ambassador or leiger, i.e. the cuckoo. — Northall, F.P. ; 
Middleton, Your Five Gallants, vi. ; A Trick to Catch the Old 
One, iv. 5. 

Give your horse a Welsh haif^ [to survey the country and refresh 

the horse]. 

* i.e. a rest at the top of the hill. — F. W. Others call this a Scottish bait. — 
F. W. 

A Welsh bitch makes a Cheshire cat, and a Cheshire cat makes a 
Lancashire witch. (And see under Bristol.) The " harlot' 
progress in factory towns." — N., IX., ii. 134. 



Dyyfat. What ! art thou a Welsh carrier, a Northern landlord : 
thou 'rt so saucy ? — Middleton, Your Five Gallants, iv. 2. 

A Welsh comb, i.e. the thumb and four fingers. — Grose. Called also 
an Alman (or German) comb. — Urquhart's Rabelais, 1., xxi. 

A Welsh cousin. — Polwhele, Hist, of Cornwall, v. 
imcle. Brother of an aunt by marriage. 

The Welshman's hug, i e. the itch. — Elworthy, W. Somerset Word- 

A Welsh cricket, i.e. a louse. — Greene, A Quip for an Upstart Courtier ; 
P. Robin, Oct., 1742. 

A Welsh ejectment. Unroofing the house to get rid of the tenant — 

A Welsh falconer, i.e. an owl. — Beaumont and Fletcher. 

A Welsh goose. A bullock's heart, stufft with sage and onions 
Cf. A German duck, i.e. a sheep's head similarly drest. 

The Welsh honour. The tenth card of the trump suit. — Gomme, 

Gent. Mag. (Dialect vol.), p. 204. 
A Welsh main [at cockfighting], where all must fight to death. — 

Scott, Fair Maid of Perth, ii. 71. 
He may have her for asking, as they said of a Welsh maidenhead. — 

Congreve, The Way of the World, iii. 6. 
Like a Welsh mile, long and narrow — G. (Tedious— G.) 
A Welsh pancake. A cow-turd. 

In tough Welsh parsley, which in our vulgar tongue is strong hempen 
halters. — Beaumont and Fletcher, The Elder Brother, i. 

As long as a Welsh pedigree. — F. W. 

So that any Welsh gentleman (if this be not a Tautology) can 
presently climb up by the stairs of his pedigree into princely 
extraction. — F. W. 

Like a Welch gentleman, that tacks his kin 
To all coats in the country he lives in. 

R. Fletcher, Martiall his Epigrams, 189. 1656. 

A Welsh rabbit [rare bit], of cheese toasted. G., Diet. 

A Welshman's hose, i.e. none at all. — Mirror for Magistrates, p. 278. 

As Welchmen do love fire, salt, and drink, 

the Frenchmen women, weapons, horses, 

So Englishmen do especially like good cheare, lands and traffique. 

Welsh Triad in Camden's Remains, p. 21 [of 1870 reprint]. 
The Welsh are liberal, the French courteous, the English confi- 
dent. — lb. 
The Seven Wonders of [North] Wales : 

The Tower of Wrexham Church (Denb.). The "great organ 
at Wricksom " is mentioned by Wm. Rowley. — A Shoe- 
maker, a Gentleman, iii. 1638; also F. W. 

the twelve Bells of Gresford Church (Denb.). 
the Yew of Overton Churchyurd (Flint.), 30ft. in girth ; another 
tree grows on the tower. 



the Holy Well of St. Winifred (Flint.). Taylor (W. P.), Navy 
of Land Skips, cites it for its cures. 

the Bridge of Llangollen (Denb.), one of three built by Bp. 
Trevor, 1345. 

the Gate of Chirk Castle (Denb.), ironwork. [Snowdon instead. 
— A. Roberts.] 

the Waterfall Pistyll, Rhayader (S. Denb.), i.e. the Spout Fall 
of the river Moat, 242 feet in height. 

You may as well try to break up St. Beuno's chest. Sec Pennant's 
Tour, ii. 399. 1818. 

Llanllwch fu, Caerfyrddin sydd, Abergwili saif. See Murray's Hdbk. 
was, Caerrnarthen is, Abergwili shall stand. 

(Attributed to MerUn.)— iV., VIL, vi. 231. 

Llandaf y sydd, 
Llandaf a fydd, 
Llandaf a go dir o gerig Caerdydd. 

Llandaff now stands, 

Llandaff will always stand, 

With Cardiff stones will Llandaff be built. — lb. 

Roderic the Great divided Wales betwixt his three sons into three 
dominions— N. Wales, S. Wales, and Powis. — F. W. 

[Rhodri Mawr, 844 — 877, divided Wales between his three 
sons into the three kingdoms of Gwynedd, Powys, and 
Deheubarth. See Rhys and Jones, Welsh People, p. 144. 

This division lasted up to Hen. VHL, when the country was 
divided into shires. — F. W. 


It was an island (hugg'd in Neptune's arms 
As tending it against all foreign harms) ; 
And Mona hight, so amiably fair, 
So rich in soil, so healthful in her air. 
So quick in her increase (each dewy night 
Yielding that ground as green, as fresh of plight 
As 'twas the day before, whereon then fed 
Of gallant steers full many a thousand head). 
So deck'd with floods, so pleasant in her groves. 
So full of well-fleec'd flocks and fatten'd droves, 
That the brave issue of the Trojan line . . . 
Those brave heroic spirits 'twixt one another 
Proverbially call'd Mona Cambria's mother. 
Yet Cambria is a land from whence have come 
Worthies well worth the race of Ilium. 

W. Browne, Britannia's Pastorals, II. i. 

Mon mam Cymbry, i.e. Anglesea is the mother of Wales. 
F. W. 



Yet (from her proper worth) as she before all other 

Was called (in former times) the country Cambria's mother. 

Drayton, Polyolh. Song, ix. 389, and Selden's note 
quoting Giraldus Cambrensis. 
In such sense, as Sicily was called Italy's storehouse. — Strabo, 
lib. S. 

Claimed as Mona of the Romans because Tacitus says that the 
Roman foot (under Paulinus) swam over from Britain to 
Mona.— F. W. 

Beaumaris. Little London beyond Wales, so called because the 
inhabitants speak good English. — R., 1678. 


. . . the vulgar error which falsely reporteth this county the 
worst in Wales. Let it suffice for me to say this is not it, 
and which it is let others determine. — F. W. 

BuiLTH. The inhabitants of a village in Wales where the last 
Welsh prince [Llewelyn] was betrayed into the hands of 
Longshanks [Edw. I.] are still called Traitors. — Chambers, 
Pop. Rhymes of Scotland, p. 282. This was in the middle of 
the 13th Cy. 


Called "the devil's grandmother's jointure" (owing to its 
proverbial barrenness). — Wirt Sikes. Old South Wales, 
ch. X. I. 

Cardys y Blaenau 
Hirion eu coesau. 
i.e. the folks of the upper part of the county are long-legged. 

The Levitical county. Every farmer breeds a parson and a pig. 

Talaeth, talaeth. Fine, fine ! A word of praise — F. W. See 
his note. 

Uchenaid Gwyddno Garanhir, 
pan droes y don dros ei dir. 
The sigh of Gwyddno Garanhir 
When the wave rolled over his land. 

l^See Lady Guest's Mabinogion, Vol. Ill, 397. — Ed.] 

See Welsh Names of Places, by J. James, 
Bristol, 1869, p. 102. 



The simple folk of Aberdaron. The Gotham of Wales. See 
A. Roberts, Gossiping Guide to Wales. 
Clwyd. Diange ar Gluyd a boddi ar Gonwy. 

To escape Clwyd*' and be drowned in Conway* (Carnar.) — 
* These rivers are 20 miles asunder. The last is the inferior in size. 



Llanberis (Vale of). The Welsh Chamounix. 

Llandudno. The Welsh Brighton. Ascribed to Sheridan by the 
elder Matthews in a letter addressed to his son at Mold. — 

Memoirs of Charles Matthews., 504. 

Snowdon. Craig Eriry will yield sufficient pasture for all the 
cattle of Wales put together. — F. W. 


He is become a Clough. Sir Richard Clougli ^temp. Eliz.), a 
native of Denbighshire, raised himself from a poor boy to 
the highest eminence as a British merchant. He was a 
friend of Sir Thomas Gresham. Buried at Hamburg. — 

Wrexham. The Metropolis of North Wales. — A. Roberts. See 
Seven Wonders. 


Harden Jews. The story goes that the inhabitants of Hawarden 
(Flintshire), in 946, having prayed ineffectually to the 
Virgin in a time of drought, tried her and sentenced her to 
death by drowning, and so cast her image into the sea, 
from whence it was cast up at Chester. Hence the rhyme : 

" The Jews their God did crucify, 
The Hardners theirs did drown," &c. 
? whether this is not a play on the word hard: "Harder of 
belief than Jews " occurs in Taylor's Merry Wherry Voyage 
as a proverbial expression. 

Haordine was the original spelling. — Egerton Leigh, Ballads of 
Cheshire, p. 304, n. 

Holt lions [5 m. N.E. of Wrexham] . So called by their Cheshire 
neighbours. (It is opposite Farndon.) — Haz., 2d Ed. A 
Border taunt. 

Hope. I '11 live in Hope if I live in Caergwrle. The Hope mountain 
and village is near Wrexham, Caergwrle being the station 
and a hamlet in the parish of Hope. — A. Roberts. 

Mold. Were I to curse the man I hate 

From youth till I grow old. 
Oh might he be condemned by fate 
To waste his days in Mold. 

Pretty Mold, proud people, 

handsome church without a steeple. — A. Roberts. 1760. 


The Garden of Wales. — F. W. 
Caerphilly. It 's gone to Caerphilly, Said of anything irrecover- 
ably lost, owing to the rapacity of the Mortimers and 
Spencers, favourites of Edward II. in the 14th century. 




Merthyr T ydvil. Jocosely corrupted to " Mother Tiddle." 

Penrice, mentioned as a place of pilgrimage. — Latimer, Works, 
395, Parker Soc. 


Some think 'tis from the impassable mountains [the Black 
mountain] of this county that we have an old saying, 
"That the Devil lives in the Middle of Wales"; though 
I know there is another meaning given to it— in a word, 
Mr. Camden called these parts " The Alps of Wales " 
(A tourist of a century back.) — A. Roberts. ? Gibson. 

Barmouth. The sand of the shore is found in everything you eat 
there except the eggs. 

The sand of Barmouth is proverbial, and it is a common 
remark that when the wind is in certain quarters it pene- 
trates everything you eat there except eggs, and these you 
must despatch quickly. — A. Roberts. 

Cader Idris. If you sleep on Cader Idris, you will wake a poet, 
mad, or not at all. 


I . The walls thereof are three 

miles high. 

2. Men come into it over the 

water but. 

3. Go out of it under the 


4. The Steeple thereof doth 4. 

grow therein. 

5. There are more alehouses 5. 

than houses, or more 
tippling houses and chim- 
neyless Barns used to 
that purpose. — F. W. 

The mountains that surround 

On a fair bridge. 

Falling from a rock, and con- 
veyed in a Avooden trough 
(under which Travellers 
must make shift to pass) 
to drive an overshot mill. 

The Bells (if plural) hang in 
a yew-tree. 

Tenements are divided into 


Pywys Paradwys Cymry. 

Powis is, the Paradise of Wales. — F. W. [Taliesin.] The country 
surrounding Welshpool and Powis Castle, noAv called 
Formerly all the land between Severn and Wye. — F. W. 


When Percelty*' wears a hat, 

all Pembrokeshire shall weet of that. — N. and Q., I., viii. 616. 

* Mynydd Preseley. 



Little England beyond Wales.— Cam., Brit. ; J. Taylor (W. P.), 
Works, Spenser Soc, 4to, p. ig. In Pembrokeshire many 
of the people can speak no Welsh. — R., 1678. " More 
than half inhabited by the English." — Ho. 

MiLFORD Haven. 

Dangers in Milford there are none, 

save the Crowe, and the Carre, and the Castle Stone. 

St. David's. 

Once to Rome thy steps incline, 

but visit twice St. David's shrine. — N. and Q., L, viii. 616. 

Two of the latter being equivalent to one pilgrimage to 
Rome. — Full., Ch. Hist., HL, xii. 25. 

Roma semel quantum : 

bis dat Menaevia tantum (indulgences). 


Alas, alas ! poor Radnorshire, 

never a park nor ever a deer, 

nor ever a squire of five hundred a year, 

save Sir Richard Fowler of Abbey Cwm Hir. 

A Herefordshire taunt. — Cambrian Quarterly Magazine, iv. 467. 

Murray says that he built the Abbey Church these in 1680, and 
gives it thus : — 

There is neither a park nor a deer 
to be seen in all Radnorshire, 
nor a man with five hundred a year 
save Fowler of Abbey Cwm Plir. 

Higson, 174 in Hazlitt, begins thus : 

" In Radnorshire is neither knight nor peer." 


Gwan dy Bawl yn Hafren, Hafren fydd hifel cynt. 

Fix thy pale [with intent to fence out his water] in Severn, 
Severn will be as before. — F. W. Applicable to those who 
attempt impossibilities and defy the powers of Nature. — F. W. 

Y Tair Chiwiorydd. The three Sisters, Severn, Wye, and Rhiddiall, 
all rising out of the S.W. side of Plynlimmon (Montgomery- 
shire), within a few paces of each other. 
The tradition is that they were to run a race which should be 
first married to the ocean. Severn and Wye, having a great 
journey to go [to the Bristol Channel] , chose their way 
through soft meadows and kept on a Traveller's pace; while 
Rhiddiall, presuming on her short journey [to the Irish 
Sea], stayed before she went out, and then, to recover her 
lost time, runs furiously in a distracted manner with her 
mad stream over all opposition. — F. W. 




Men of the South, Gentlemen of the North, People of the West, and 
Folk of Fife. — Scott, Tales of My Landlord : Dedication. 1816. 
Qui la France veut gagner 
a I'Escosse faut commencer. Cf. Shak., Hen. V., i. 2 ; M.of V., i. 2. 

Quod non fecerunt Goti, 

id fecerunt Scoti. 

He that will England win 

must with Scotland first begin. — F. W. ; Haz., n., 189. 

See Hall's Chron., 1548; HoHnshed, 1577; Famous Victories of 
Hen. v., in Hazlitt's Shak. Library, v. 350, where it is 
quoted as " the old saying." 

God and nature hath so combined and chaunged their likings to 
their country as they will say with the Scottish man when 
he comes to London or to the fairest town in Europe that 
(Edenborowe except) it is the godliest place he ever set his 
foot in. — Arthur Hall, Admonition by the father of F. A. to him, 
1579, p. 88 ; repr. 1815. 

Scotland that knuckle-end of England, that land of Calvin, oat- 
cakes and sulphur. — Sydney Smith, Memoirs, ii. 

The land o' Cakes. Said to have been originally applied to the 
Buchan district only. — Vieiv of the Diocese of Aberdeen, 1732. 

Oats, food for men in Scotland ; in England, for horses. — Johnson, 
Diet. Cf. Chesnuts in Corsica. 

The healsome parritch, chief of Scotia's food. — Burns, Cotter s 
Saturday Night, xi. 

Ihe Highlands. Tir nan gleauns, nam beanns nam breacan. 
i.e. the land of glens, of hills, and of plaids. — Chambers, 
Pop. Rhymes of Scotland. 

Hareship in the Highlands ; the pens in the corn ; 

if the cocks go in, it will never be shorn. 

An ironical outcry upon a small loss. — K. 

Herschip, heirschip. Wreck of property. — K. — Jamieson, Diet, of 
Scottish Lang. 

Judas might have repented before he could have found a tree to have 
hanged himself upon, had he betrayed Christ in Scotland. — 

A Scotish mist will* wet an Englishman to the skin. — W'ith., 1616; 
Ci.; F.W. 

* may.— F. W., who assigns it to the N'orthumbrian border. 
Where the old prov. of a Scotish mist was verified, in wetting me to 
the skin. — Nash, Fierce Pcnnilesse. 

Day sinks, but twilight owes the traveller soon 
To reach his bourne a round unclouded moon ; 
Bespeaking long unclouded hours of time : 

False hope — the Scots are stedfast, not their clime. — T. Campbell, 
Pilgrim of Glencoe, ii. 

VOL. I. 

241 16 


Cain in disgrace with Heav'n retired to Nod, 

A place undoubtedly as far from God 

As Cain could wish, which makes some think he went 

As far as Scotland ere he pitch'd his tent ; 

And there a city built of ancient fame, 

Which he from Eden Edin-burgh did name. 

Written on a window at Belford, near Berwick. — Roger Gale, 
173, ReliquicB Galeana. 

The Curse of Scotland : the nine of diamonds. From its similarity 
to St. Andrew's Cross. (Cors, Corse. The cross or rood. — 

Jockie. A familiar abbreviation of John in its mean sense. — Racket, 
Life of Williams, ii. 142, 223 ; Nash, Lenten Stuffe. 

Sandy (pronounced Sawney) from Alexander. 

A Scotch cousin. 

A Scotch bonnet. 

Scotch bread [short bread]. 

Scotch broth. 

Every Scottishman has a pedigree. — Sir Walter Scott, Antobiography, 
ch. i. 

Mess John. A Scotch Presbyterian parson. — G., Diet. 

A' Stewarts are no sub (sib) to the King. — K. 

A' Campbells are no sib to the Duke. — Hen. 

Les Ecossais sont lions dans la battaille et agneaux dans la maison. 
(Said of the Highlanders at Waterloo.) 

Hielanders — shoulder to shoulder. — Hen. 

Showther to showther 

stands steel and powther.— A. Cunningham, Gloss, to Burns. 

As like one another as a Scot and a Redshank. — Ho.,' New Sayings, iv. 

Redshanks. — Spenser, State of Ireland. 

He has a kind of Hieland honesty — he 's honest after a sort, as they 
say. — Scott, Rob Roy. 

The Englishman greets,*" 

the Irishman sleeps, 

but the Scotchman gangs while f he gets it. — K. 

A pretended account of the behaviour of these three nations 
when they want meat. 

* [weeps] t i.e. till. 

A Scotish man and a Newcastle grindstone travel all the world over. 
F. W., Northumberland. 

A Scot, a rat, and a Newcastle grindstone [*are found] all the world 

over. — [MS. n. in Sir J. Banks' copy of Ray in B.M.] 

* Travel. — Gr., 1790. 



Vous saures qu'on dit en proverbe 

Que d'Ecossois, de rats, de poux, 

De soliciteurs, de filous, 

Et de messieurs qui scavent battre 

L'argent, qui les fait souvent battre 

Ceux qui voyagent jusqu'au bout 

Du monde en rencontrent partout. — ^^ La Semaine Burlesque," 

Pierre Le Jolle, Description de la Ville d' Amsterdam, 1666, p. 25. 

A Scotchman is never at home but when he's abroad. — N., VIIL, 
V. 356. Sec An Englishman. 

Set a Scotchman in the sand and he will grow. 

A Scotchman is one who keeps the Sabbath and every other darned 
thing he can lay his hands on. 

A Scotchman crosses the Border as soon as he can and never 
returns*. — Seton. 

* Never gangs back to his ain countree. 

King Jamie's cow was the only creature known to return. — Denham, 
Folk Lore of the Northern Counties. 

The Union betwixt England and Scotland like oil mixt with vinegar, 
— Ho., New Sayings. 

Three failures and a fire make a Scotsman's fortune. — Hen. 

A Scotch prize. A mistake : worse than no prize, or one liable to 
hamper with heavy law-expenses. — Smyth, Sailor's Word Bock. 

The Scottes ... by a certain proverb that they have amonges 
them in theyr communicacyon whereby they give the whole 
prayse of shoting honestlye to Englysshemen, saying thus 
that He shooteth like a Scot, i.e. badly. — Bp. Pilkington, 
Sermons, Parker Soc, c. 1560, p. 428. 

Every English archer beareth under his girdle twenty-four* Scots. — 
Ascham, Toxoph., ed. Arber, p. 84. 

* Twenty -three. 

You have a Scotish tongue in your head, i.e. you can ask your way 
if you don't know it. 

I hae a Scotch tongue in my head : if they speak I'se answer. — Hen. 

" Salvo jure calcoli," disse Scoto. — Florio, Giardino. i.e. provided 
the account be right balanced. — Tor. 

Esser sottile che non fu Scotto. — Bolla, Prov. Bevgamasc. 

Callings followed by Scotchmen : Bailiff or grieve, baker, bookseller, 
banker, doctor, farmer, merchant in foreign and far countries, 
gardener, gamekeeper, pedler or packman. 

It is said that a Scot will prove false to his Father and dissemble 
with his brother. — Taylor (Water Pt.), Christmas in and out. 

As false as a Scot. — R., 1670. 

A Scot on Scot's bank. — R., 1678. 

As hard-hearted as a Scot of Scotland. — R., 1678. 



He was as hard with me as if I had been the wild Scot of Galloway, 
i.e. dealt with me rigorously and severely. — K. The Wild 
Scots o' Galloway were the Highlanders of their day in 
fighting reputation. See Mactaggart, Gallovidian Encyc. 

Rage rules the Portuguese and fraud the Scotch, 
Revenge the Pole and avarice the Dutch. 

Defoe, Tnie-hoyn Englishman. 

We will not lose a Scot. (A contemptuous phrase for a thing of least 
value.) A Northumbrian saying before the Union. — F. W. 

Hit her hard ; she 's a Scot. Two contemptuous Border sayings. — 
Den., F. L. of Northumberland. 

Scotch and English. A name in Cumberland for the game of 
prisoner's base. — Hll. 

Li plus truant en Escoce (beggarly). — Dits de rApostoile, 13th Cy. 

Non andrei a Scotia s'io v'havessi lasciato un occhio. — Ho., who 
reads it, " I would not go there even to recover it." 

Qui m'aura perdu ne m'aille chercher en Eccosse. — Ho. 

Cf. Chi ha da far col Tosco 
non bisogna esser Iosco. 

Ye fand it where the Hielandman fand the tangs, i.e. in their proper 
place at the fireside. A proverbial manner of saying that a 
thing has been stolen, in reply to those who say they found 
it. — Hen. 

It is ill getting breek a£f a Hielandman. — Ry. 

It 's hard to tak' the breeks aff a Hielandman. 

Fier, comme un Ecossais. — Adages Franc, 16th Cy. 

Jurer comme un Ecossois. — Pvov. Flameng Francois, i6th Cy. 

The devil ride through thee booted and spurred with a scythe on his 
back, as the Scotchman says. — Massinger, The City Madam, 
ii. 2. 

J 'ay la conscience aussy large que les houseaux d'un Ecossois. — 
Gringoire, Memis Propos, 15th Cy. 

It requires a surgical operation to get a joke well into a Scotch 
understanding. Their only idea of wit, or rather that infinite 
variety of this electric talent w^iich prevails in the North, 
and which under the name of " wut " is so infinitely distressing 
to people of good taste, is laughing immoderately at stated 
intervals. — Sydney Smith, Memoirs. 

A Scotsman is aye wise behind hand. — Ferg. 

A Scotish man is wise behind the hand. K. says that his warm 
temper makes him easily imposed upon. 

Tres Principes maximis calamitatibus subjecti : Rex Scotiae, Dux in 
Anglia, comes in Belgio. — Tr., f. 47 ro. 

Scotsmen reckon aye frae an ill hour. — Ferg. 



Scotish men take ay their mark from a mischief. — K. A Scotish 
man solicited the Prince of Orange to be made an ensign, for 
he had been a sergeant ever since His Highness ran away 
from Groll. — K. 

I am a Liberal because I am a Scotchman. — In Reid's Why I am a 

Liberal, 1885. 

Ce qui est la contre-partie du diction : " Vous devez etre Ecossais, 
puisque etes Liberal." — See N., VH., iv., and Independence 
Beige, 3o/io/'85. 

A Border burying is better than a Carel [Carlisle] wedding, i.e. for 
festivity. — Gibson . 

" Even thus," quoth she, "he spake — and then spake broad 
With epithets and accents of the Scots." — Edward III., ii. i. 

I wish you may have Scotch to carry you to bed. (To one in an 
incipient state of intoxication and talking Latin.). — K. 

A Scots bait. A halt and a resting on a stick, as practised by 
pedlars. — G., Diet. 
convoy. — J. To the door. Cf. Aberdeen and Kelso, 
pint. A bottle containing two quarts. — G., Diet. 

My brothers, let us breakfast in Scotland, lunch in Australia, and 

dine in France to our lives' end. — Henry Kingsley. 
Ein schottisch Friihstiick kostet einen pfennig. — Hesekiel. 
Pain benist d'Ecosse. A sodden sheep's liver. — Cotgr., i.e. a haggis 

Scotch chocolate. Brimstone and milk. — G., Diet. 
Hot and hasty, like a Scotch jig. — Shak., Much Ado, ii. i. 
The Highland fling. 
A Scotish warming-pan. — R., 1678. 

In these raw mornings when I 'm freezing ripe 
What can compare with a tobacco-pipe ? 
Prim'd, cock'd, and toucht, 'twould better heat a man 
Than ten Bath faggots or Scotch warming-pan. 

S. Wesley, Maggots, p. 36. 1685. 

The chambermaid occupying the bed. A wench or a f . rt. — 
G., Diet. 
The Scotch fiddle. The itch. Played by the forefinger upon the 
hollow below the thumb of the other hand.~Hll. 

Itchland, Louseland, Scratchland. — G. 
The Scoteh Ordinary. (The house of Office.)— R., 1678. 
Scots Greys. Lice. — G., Diet. 
Biting^ and scarting 
's Scotch folks' wooing. — Ferg. 

* Nipping and scarting.— Ry. 
A Hieland passion. A phrase used in the Lowlands to denote a 

violent but temporary ebullition of anger. — J. 
The Hielandman's Hng. The act of walking quickly with a stride 

and jerk. — J. 




Aberdeen. See Montrose. 

The Granite City. 

The brave town of Aberdeen. — Spalding, Battle of Harlazv. 

Mony ane speirs the road to Aberdeen that bides i' the iVul' town 

(a mile distant). — Mair, Hdbk. 
Aberdeen and time till 't ! quo' the wife at the Loch o' Skene. — 

Mair, Hdhk. 
He 's an Aberdeens man, taking*' his word again. — Ferg. i.e. inconstant. 

* Takes — Ry. He may take.— K. 
An Aberdeen man ne'er stands to the word that hurts him. — 

Mair, Hdbk. 
Balgownie. See Don in Rivers. 
The *gule o' the Garioch, [Gary] 
and the bowman f [i.e. farmer] of Mar; 
they met on Bannachie : \ 
the gule§ wan the war. — iV., IV., xii. 

* Grole o' the Geerie.— Ch. f Bowmen.— Ch. J Bennochie.— Ch. 
§ Grole. — Ch., who does not seem to understand the point of the proverb. 

Turriff, The brig o' Turry, 

Weary fa, the Trot o' Turry. — Ch. i.e. a curse befall. 


Auld Ayr.— Ch. 

Send your son to Ayr ; 

if he did weel here, he '11 do weel there. — Hen. 

Floak and Bloak and black Drumbog, 
hungry Gree and greedy Glashogh ; 
dirty doors in Wannockhead, 
moully * siller in Wylieland ; 
taupy t wives in Bruntland, 
Witen wives in Midland. 

Places in Fenwick parish. — Ch. 

* Mouldy. t Drabbish. 
Carrick for a man, Kyle for a coo, [these are sometimes reversed] 
Cunningham for *corn an' bere, and Galloway for woof. — Ch. 
* Butter and cheese. t Woe [wrecks]. 

Cunningham for butter [and cheese]. — N., L, v. 500. 

Like the dogs o' Dunragget, ye dow na bark unless ye hae your 
arse at char [ajar] . — K. 

Doughtie Auchengairn, Dawine and Dahairn, 
Classgalloch, the Balloch, the Challoch, 

the Chang and the Cairn. — Mactaggart, Gallo. Encyl. 

Farms near the Steps of Styncher. 
Donald Din 
built his house without a pin. — Ch. 

i.e. Dundonald Castle, 6 m. S.W. of Rowallan. 



There stands a castle in the West, 

They call it Donald Din ; 
There's no nail in all its proof, 

Nor yet a wooden pin. 

West, History of House of Rowallan. 

The friars o' Faill [near Mauchlin] 

ne'er wanted ale ; 

they made gude kail 

on Fridays when they fasted, 

an' never wanted gear eneuch 

as long as their neighbour's lasted. — Murray. 

The friars o' Faill 

gat never owre hard eggs or owre thin kail, 
for they made their eggs thin wi' butter 
and their kail thick wi' bread. — Ch. 

He that can hear Dumbuck may hear Dumbarton. A Glasgow 
saying. The first (in Argyleshirej is further than Dumbarton. 
— Hen. 

Little knows the wife that sits by the fire 

How the wind blows in Hurle-burle Swyre.^' — Ferg. 

* Sware. A pass between Nithsdale, Teesdale, and Clydesdale. 


It 's a far cry to Loch Awe (alluding to the enormous stretch of the 
country of the Campbells). 

The fat Loch Fyne herring has the sobriquet of "A Glasgow 

Oban [20 m. N.W. of Inverary]. The CHaring Cross of the 
Highlands, because the meeting-place of so many cross 


Gae to Banff and buy bend-leather. — J. 

bittle or beetle bean. — J. 

bind bickers [beakers] . — J., Lothian. 

Air suggestive of useless idle labour. — J. Cf. Bath. 

Cauld Carnousie stands on a hill, 

and many a fremit ane gangs theretill. — Ch. 

(A property much given to change of ownership.) 

Fiddich-side for fertility. — World, -l^l'^6. The Fiddich is a river. 

Banff it is a borough toon, a kirk without a steeple, [Brewer, 

a midden o' dirt at ilky door, a very unceevil people (old version). — 
a bonnie lass and fine ceevil . . . (modern version. — Id, 




In the town of Auchencraw,* 
where the witches bide a'. — Ch. 

* Pronounced Edenshaw. 

Like the witches o' Auchencraw, you get mair for your ill than 
your gude. 

Little Billy, Billy Mill, 

Billy Mains and Billy Hill ; 

Ashfield and Auchencraw, 

Bullerhead and Pefferlaw, 

there 's bonny lasses in them a'. — Ch. 

Bunkle and Chirnside, 
Bought-rig and Belchester, 
Hatchet-knows and Darnchester, 

Leetholm and the Peel : 
if ye dinna get a wife in ane o' thae places 

ye 'II ne'er do weel. 
(All within a few miles of Coldstream.) 

Go to Birgham and buy bickers. — White, Northumberland. 

Cf. Banff. 
Like the fiddler o' Chirmside's breakfast, it 's a' pennyworths the- 

gither (West). 
Ye hae a conscience like Coldingham Common (North). — Hen. 

Like Cranshaw's Kirk, as many dogs as folk, 
and neither room for reel nor rock. — Hen. 

In the sheep-walks of the Lammermuir hills (North). 
No to lippen to, like the dead fouk o' Earlstoun. — Ch. 
Fish-guts and stinkin' herrin' are bread and meat for an Eyemouth 
bairn. — Hen. 

Tak a seat on Maggy Shaw's Crocky (a broad, flat stone on the 
brink of a precipice near Eyemouth, said to be haunted by 
her in shape of a white sea-mew). 

I stood upon Eyemouth Fort, and guess ye what I saw : 
Fairnieside and Furmington,* Newhouses and Cocklaw,t 
The fairy fouk o' Fosterland,| the witches of Edincraw, 
The bly-riggs o' Reston,§ but Dunse dings a'. — N., I., vii. 24. 
Variant ; And the rye-kail of Reston gar'd a' the dogs die. — lb. 

or The bogle bo' o' BillyH Myre wha kills our bairns a'. — Ch. 

* Flemington. — Ch t Three farmsteads in Ayton parish. — Ch. 

X In Bunkle parish. § rye-rigs. 

II i.e. Jock o' the Myre, a morass between Auchencraw and Chirmside. 

Like the cooper o' Fogo, ye drive aff better girds [hoops] than ye 
Father's better : the cooper o' Fogo. — Hen. 

He 's father's better the cooper of Fogo 
At girding a barrel or making a cogie,* 
Tooming a stoup, or kissing a roguie. 

* bowl. 

Cf. Filling his father's shoes or riving his bonnet. — Ch. 



There 's an act in the laird o' Grant's court that no abune eleven 
speak at ance (N.E.). — Hen. 

Like Hilton kirk, 

baith narrow and mirk, 

and can only hand its ain parish folk. — Hen. 

Hutton for auld wives, Broadmeadows for swine; 
Paxton for drunken wives and salmon sae fine. 
Crossing for lint and woo', Spittal for kail ; 
Sunwick for cakes and cheese and lasses for sale. — Ch. 
Lousie Lauder. — Ch. 

Like a Lauderdale bawbee, 
as bad as bad can be. 

The men o' the Merse. — Ch. The people of S. Berwickshire. 

They '11 flit in the Merse 
for a hen's gerse [feed]. — Hen. 
A Merse mist alang the Tweed 
in a harvest morning's gude indeed. 
St. Abbs upon the Nabs,'^ 
St. Helens on the lea ; f 
but St. Anns upon Dunbar sans]: 

stands nearest to the sea. — N., H., iv. 318. 

* On the points or nabs of a high rock in Beadnall Bay, N. of Sunderland, 
t On a plain near, but not exactly bordering the shore. — Ch. 

:J: Built on a level space close to the watermark. 

See Northumberland. 

Like the cow-couper o' Swinton, ye '11 no slocken [? drink] (S.E.). 

Ding doon Tantallan, [and] *big a road to the Bass If — Scott, 
Provincial Antiquities of Scotland. 

* Mak' a brig. f The Bass rock, 2 ra. off the Haddington coast. 
i.e. attempt an impossibility. 

Tantallan Castle is 3 m. E. of N. Berwick. 


A Dumbarton youth [male or female], 36 years of age at least. She 
had been allowed to reach the discreet years of a Dumbarton 
youth in an unsolicited maidenhood. — Gait., Entail, i. 115. 


Like a laird of Castlemilk's foals, born beauties. — Hen. (W.) 

(A seat of the Stewarts.) 
Gang to Ecclefechan for half a Saturday to learn manners. — Gibson. 

Lockerbie 's a dirty place, 
a kirk without a steeple ; 
a midden hole at ilka door, 

but a canty set o' people. — Gibson, iii. 168. 

" A Lockerbie lick " is still proverbial from the slaughter inflicted 
[by the Johnstones] on the Maxwells in 1593. — Murr. 



A Lockerbie fairing : a bawbee bap and a bottle o' yill, i.e. a half- 
penny roll and a bottle of ale. — Gibson. 
Lochar Moss. First a wood and then a sea, 

Now a moss and ever will be. — Ch. [Ballads. 

Lochmaber, called Marjorie o' the many lochs. — Burns, Election 

He gangs fra house to house like the gousting-bans o' Lochmaben. 

The beggar is likened to the haut-gout bone of a dried joint of 

meat which was passed through the town to flavour the 

broth of the various households. 

He barks with his back to the hauld like the dogs o' Lochmaben. — 

Gibson, i.e. with a retreat accessible. 
Moffat measure ; fu' an' rinnin' over. — N., V., x. 39. 

EDINBURGH, Mid-Lothian. 

The guid toun of Edinburgh, i.e. honourable. — Ch. 
The modern Athens. 
Auld Reekie. 

Edinburgh Castle is the Castle of Maidens, which is the chiefest 
fortress in Scotland. — Huloet, 1552. 

Edinburgh castle, toune, and tower, 

God grant thou sink for sinne ; 
and that even for the black dinoure, 
Erie Douglas gat therein. 
i.e. William, sixth earl, who was treacherously beheaded there 
(1440) when a lad of 18. — Hume, Hist, of H. of Douglas ; Ch. 
A Lawn-market jury. 

York was, London is, and Edinburgh will be, 
the biggest of the three. — Ch. See Lanarkshire. 
Edinburgh for whores and thieves. — N., L, v. 155. See Lanarksh. 
Gae kiss your lucky — she dwells i' Leith. — A. Ramsay, Poems, ii. 351. 
" Made use of when one thinks it is not worth while to give a 
direct answer or think themselves foolishly accused." — Id., 
n. Letter to G. Hamilton. 
Musselboro' was a boro' when Edinbro' was nane, 
and Musselboro' '11 be a boro' when Edinbro' 's gane. — N., L, viii. 305. 

The mussel bed at the mouth of the Esk. — Ch. r Ch. 

The honest town of Musselburgh. Its heraldic motto is " Honesty." 
Ye breed o' Saughton swine, yere neb 's never out o' an ill turn.— 
K. L., To Mischievous Boys. 


You look like a Moray-man melting brass. — K. 

Half-done, as Elgin was burnt. — Scott, Tales of a Grandfathey. 

By Crawford after the battle of Brechin in 1452. He burnt 
the side of the single street occupied by Douglas, E. of 
Murray's, adherents. — Ch. 



A misty and a dropping June 

brings the bonny land of Moray aboon (gravelly soil). — Ch. 

The gule,'^' the Gordon,! and the hoodie craw, 

Are the three worst enemies| Moray ever saw. — Pennant. 

* Some say the Charlock, others the guilde or corn marigold — both 

farmers' plagues. See Aberdeenshire. 
tLord Lewis Gordon, famous for his plundering expeditions. 
X Sights that. — Jamieson. Things. — Ch. 


Fife-ish. Somewhat deranged in intellect. — Scott, Pirate, ch. ix. 

Fruchie, a little village about a mile from the palace of Falkland, 
was assigned as a place of temporary banishment and 
penance for courtiers who had incurred the Royal dis- 
pleasure, and hence it is said the common ejaculation when 
anyone wishes to get rid of an obnoxious person, " Go to 
Fruchie!"— " Castles and Prisons of Mary in Scotland," 
in Den., Bishopric Rhymes, &=€., p. 62. 

He that will to Cupar maun to Cupar. — K. 

That 's carrying saut to Dysart and puddings to Tranent — Ry. 

Falkland [7 m S.W. of Cupar], 

Falkland bred. — J. (The old Court manners.) 
Ye 're queer folk no to be Falkland folk.— Hen. ; Ch. (A satirical 
reference to the same.) 

Lang ere ye cut Falkland wood wi' a penknife. — Ferg. A 
hunting forest of James VL attached to the Royal palace. 

The lang toun of Kirkcaldy. — Ch. A place of 10,000 inhabitants 
stretching, like Brighton, for 3 m. along the coast. 
Pickle till him in Pathhead, ilka bailie burns anither. A 
reproach to a village of Kirkcaldy. 

A Kirkcaldy hoist : a kick. — Athenaum, i8/y-iSgi. 

When frae Leslie* ye wad gae 
ye maun cross a brig and down a brae. — Ch. 
* Surrounded by water. 
Pittenween * 
'11 sink wi' sin ; 

but neither sword nor pestilence shall enter therein. — Ch. 
> * It escaped the first two visitations of cholera. 

Between the Isle of May 

and the Links of Tay 

mony a ship 's been cast away. — Ch. 

Tower Hill (supposed to contain buried treasure). 

Here I sit and here I see 

St. Andrew's, Broughty, and Dundee ; 

and as muckle below me as wad buy a' three. 

Athenaum, 1 8/7-1 891. 




When Finhaven Castle* rins to sand, 
the world's end is near at hand. — Ch. 
* Seat of the Earls of Crawford. 

Bonnie Dundee. — Skene MS. 1608. 

The beggars o' Benshie, the cairds o' Lour ; 

the soutars o' Forfar, the weavers o' Kirriemuir. — Ch. 

Faare are ye gaen ? To Killiemuir ! faare never ane weel fure 
but for his ain penny fee. — Ch. 

Brosie Forfar. — Ch. 

The drunken writers of Forfar. 

I '11 do as the cow of Forfar did : I '11 take a standing drink. — K. 
In passing a door where a beer-tub stood she drank up the 
contents, and the judges held it as but a stirrup-cup or 
deoch-on-doruis, which was never charged for. 

Bonny Munross ^' will be a moss,t 

Dundee will be dung doun; 
Forfar will be Forfar still, 

and Brechin a braw burrows toun. — Ch. 
* Montrose. +Var. : Aberdeen will be a green. — Ch. 
Menmuir. Between the Blawart Lap an' Killievair stane 
there lie mony bloody banes. — Ch. 

Barrows abound in the district. 

Kelly Castle (S. Forfar). The King may come to Kelly yet, and 
when he comes he '11 ride. — Mair. 


Stick us a' in Aberlady ! Said to have been uttered first by a dame 
of the village to an enraged husband who was threatening 
his unfaithful wife, but getting little sympathy from those 
of her sex who were gathered round. — Ch. 

Dunbar wedder. A salted herring. — Teviotdale. J. Cf. Yarmouth 

There was a haggis in Dunbar : Andrew Linkum feedel 
Mony better : few waur : Andrew Linkum feedel. — Ch. 

*As bauld (bold) as a Lammermuir lion. — K. i.e. a sheep of the 
hill- country. Cf. Cotswold in Gloucestershire. 
* You look like .... 

Loudon louts, Merse brutes, and Lammermuir whaups (curlews). — 

Tranent [18 m. W. of Haddington]. See Fifeshire. 

I will get riches throw that rent 
Efter the day of Dume, 
Quhen in the col-pots * of Tranent 
Butter will grow on brume. 

Lyndesay, The Three Estates. 
* Coal-pits. 




There was greater loss at Culloden [3 m. E. of Inverness]. — Mair. 
(Where Charles Edward was finally defeated by the Duke of 
Cumberland in 1746.) 

He looks like a Lochaber axe, fresh from the grindstone. — K. 


The merry men o' the Mearns. — Ch. 

The men o' the Mearns canna do mair than they may. — Hen. i.e. 
more than their best. 

{A herdeensMre. I can dee fat I dow ; the men i' the Mearns can 
dee nae mair. — Hen.) 

Aflf o' the earth and ower to Cowie [2 m. N. of Stonehaven]. — Mair. 


Lochornie and Lochornie Moss, 
the Loutenstane and Dodgell's Cross, 
Craigencat and Craigencrow, 
Craigaveril, King's Seat, and Drumglow. 

All but the last on the Blair- Adam estate. — Ch. 


Dusty pokes o' Crossmichael, 
red Shanks o' Parton, 
bodies o' Balmaghie, 
carles o' Kelton. 

In the Stewartry of Kirkcudbright. — Ch. 


Cauld kail in Covington and crowdie in Quothquan, 
singit sweens in Symington and brose in Pettinain, 
the assy peats o' Tocharton and puddings o' Poneil, 
black folk o' Douglas drink wi' the deil. — Ch. 

Edinburgh 's big, but Biggar 's bigger. — Ch. 

Douglas Water (places thereon) : — 

Crimp, Cramp, and the Grange, 
Midlock and the Castle Mains, 
Camp-seed and Cow Hill, 
Blackens and the Norman Gill. — Ch. 

Glasgow callons*, Greenock folk, and Paisley bodies. — Ch. 

Wealth and citizenly dignity, homely respectability. 

* People. 



Glasgow for bells, 

Linlithgow for wells, 

Falkirk for beans and pease. — Ch. 

[Edinburgh for whores and thieves. — N., L, v. 255.] 

Linlithgow for bells, 
Stirling for wells. 

Scott., Provincial Ant. of Scotland. 
A drink of the Borgie*, a bite of the weed, 

sets a' the Cam'slang folk wrang in the head. — Folkard, PI. Lore. 
* The Borgie Well at Cambuslang, 4 m. S.E. of Glasgow. 

Cathkin's covenant : Let abee for let abee. A local saying at 
Hamilton. — Dean Ramsay. 

Hamilton and Lanark (places between) : — 

Gill Mill, 

Canner Water and Whitehill, 

Everwood and Doosdale, 

Canner and Canner Mill, 

Cannerside and Rawhill, 

the Rickerton, the Rabberton, 

the Raplock and the Ross, 

the Merrytown, the Skellytown, 

Cornsilloch and Dalserf. — Ch. 

Lesmahagow. Between Dillerhill and Crossfoord, 

there lies Katie Neevie's hoord. — Ch. 
One of the treasure prophecies. 
Ye gang about by Lanark for fear Linton dogs bite ye. — Ry. 

Bell— ell— ell ! 

there 's a fat sheep to kill ! 

a leg for the provost, another for the priest, 

the bailies and the deacons, they '11 tak' the niest, 

and if the fourth leg we canna sell, 

the sheep it maun live and gae back to the hill ! — Ch. 

This is like the beef difllculty now-a-days in mountain districts. 

The lang Pints o' Whitburn 

and Tennants o' the Inch ; 

John Maccall o' Bathgate 

sits upon his bench. 

Tarryauban, Tarry bane, 

Easter Whitburn's assy pets * 

and Wester Whitburn's braw lads. 

The Duke i' the Head, 

the Drake o' the Reeve, 

the Laird o' Craigmalloch and Birnieton Ha', 

Hen-nest and Hare-nest, 

Cockhill and Cripplerest, 

Belstane and the Belstane Byres, 

Bicketon Ha' and the Guttermyres. — Ch. 

(Places near Whitburn, Lanarkshire.) 

* Ashy peats. 




Ye wad be a gude Borrowstone sow, ye smell weel. — K. i.e. what 
you are not wished to smell. 

The faithful toun of Linlithgow. — Ch. Cf. Heraldic motto. See 


Nairn is sae lang that the folk at the tae end canna understand the 
tongue spoken by the tother. [A saying of James VL] Both 
Gaelic and English are spoken there. — Murray. 


Like the Orkney butter, neither good to eat nor to creich* wool. — K. 

i.e. grease. 


Vale of Manor : — 

There stand three mills on Manor Water, a fourth at Posso cleugh, 
gin heather bells were corn and bere they wad get grist eneugh. 


Do what the miller's wife of Newlands did, she took what she had 

and she never wanted. — Hen. 
Farms near Peebles : — 

Bonington lakes* 
and Cruikston cakes, 

Caidmuir and the Wrae, 
and hungry, hungry Hundleshope, 
and skawed Bell's Brae. — Ch. 
* i.e. mossy flows and wells, now drained. 
Powbate an' ye break 
tak' the Moorfoof^ in your gate, 
Moorfoot and Maudslie, 
Huntlycote a' three, 
five Kirks f and an abbacie. 

* A large, deep well on the top of a high hill at Eddleston, near Peebles. 
t The Kirks are supposed to have been Temple, Carrington, Borthwick, 
Cockpen and Dalkeith. — Ch. 


Carles o' theCarse [of Gowrie], Lithgow. — Journey through Scotland, 
p. 394. 1628. 
The men of the Carse want water in the summer, fire in the 
winter, and the Grace of God all the year round, i.e. they 
are stupid and awkward. — Ch. 
Drunken Dumblane. — Ch. 

Dirty Dumblane. — Franck, Northern Memoirs, p. 134, repr. 



Was there aye sic a parish, a parish, a parish, 

Was there aye sic a parish as Little Dunkell ? 
Where they stickit the minister, hang'd the precentor, 

Dang down the steeple and breakit the bell. — Murray. 

Of as great knowledge as the Bishop of Dunkeld. — Geo. Webb, 
God's controversie mth England, 1609, p. 78. 

The lasses of Exmagirdle* [Ecclesmagirdle] 

may very weel be dun, 
for frae Michaelmas to Whit-Sunday 

they never see the sun. — Ch, 

* A village on the N. slope of the Ochil hills. 

All is fair at the ball of Scone, i.e. football. — N., VI., xi. 287. 

There was mair lost at Sherramuir where the Hielandman lost 
his father and mother, and a gude buff belt worth baith 
of them. 

The battle of Sherriffmuir [between Stirling and Dumblane], 
1715. — Hen. 


The merry men o' the Mearns.* — Ch. See Kincardineshire. 

* 5 m. from Paisley. 

Like the Kilbarchan calves, like best to drink wi' the wisp in your 
mou. — Hen. 

A' to ae side, like Gourock.* — Mair, Hbk. 

* 2 m. W. of Greenock. 

Clock Sorrow Mill has nae feir, 

she stands aneath a heuch, 
and a' the world 's at the weir 

when she has water eneuch. — Ch. 

Paisley bodies. See Lanarkshire. A good story is told of Prof. 
Wilson (a native) talking at a public dinner in Edinburgh 
of the population numbering so many souls. " Bodies, you 
mean," interjected Campbell the poet. Paisley, considered 
to be the most intelligent town in Scotland. — Folk Lore, by 
Jas. Napier, Paisley, 1879, p. 15. 


Bilhope braes for bucks and raes, 

Carit rigs for swine, 
and Tarras for a good bull trout 

if it be taen in time. — Ch. See Northumberland, p. 169. 

A Blainslee la win : there 's mair for meat than drink. — J. 
(Melrose par., 3 m. S.E. of Lauder.) 

There's day eneuch to Bowden. — Ch. 



A Hawick gill. The half of an English pint. — J. 

An' weel she looed a Hawick gill 

And leugh to see a tappit hen.* 

Herd, Scottish Songs, ii. i8. 

* The tappit hen (cant) was a quart can with a knob on the lid 
somewhat resembHng a crest. 

Jeddart justice : first hang a man, syne try* him. — Ch. 

* judge. 
Dunbar's trials after the Union. 

Scott, Border Minstrelsy, Pref., Ivi. 

A terrier tyke and a rusty key 

were Johnnie Armstrong's Jeddart fee. — Ch., Pop. Rliy. 

He gained a pardon by betraying the burglars' 
secret of the best safeguards. 

A Kelso convoy : a step* and a half o'er the doorstane. — Scott, 
Antiquary, XXX. Cf. A Scotch convoy is only to the door. — J. 
* Stride. — Cunningham, Gloss, to Burns. 

Liddlesdale. The earth of this place was sent for formerly from 
distant parts to lay the floors of barns, etc., as a protection 
against rats. — N. by Sir Wr. Scott to Franck's North. Mem. 
(p. 228), where the same thing is recorded of the soil of Ross. 

Scour the duds o' Yetholm. — Ch. A village of gipsies. 


Atween the wat ground and the dry 

the gowd o' Tamleuchar doth lie. — Ch. i.e. at Tamleuchar Cross. 
The souters o' Selkirk.— Ch. The calling of a shoemaker once 
prevailed there. 

Sutors ane, sutors twa, 

sutors in the Back Raw. — Ch. 


The well of Kildinguie and the dulse of Guiodin will cure all 
maladies save Black Death. — Scott, Pirate, xxix. 


Ye hae little need o' the Campsie wife's prayer, That she might 

be able to think enough o' herself. — Hen. 
Falkirk bairns mind naething but mischief. — Hen. 
Falkirk bairns dee ere they thrive. — Hen. 
Like the bairns of Falkirk, they '11 end ere they mend.— Ch. 
"The bairns" has come to be an understood name for the 

Falkirkese. — Ch. 

The crooks of land within the Forth 

are worth an earldom in the North.— Nimmo's Stirlingshire, p. 439. 

VOL. I. 257 



Other versions are : 
The lairdship o' the bonny Hnks of Forth 
is better than an earldom in the North. 

Murray has it : 

A loop of the Forth 

is worth an earldom in*' the North. 

*o'.— Ch. 
It is a beautiful sight only to see the multitudes of convolutions 
the river presents from Stirling Castle, as, like a ribbon, it 
"wanders at its own sweet will," fertilising the land and 
at the same time feasting the eye. 

Out o' the warld and into Kippen. — Hen. A secluded singular 
district, the laird of which was called King of Kippen.* 
* The Laird of Logan. 
When the Castle of Stirling gets a hat 
the Carse of Corntown pays for that. — Dean Ramsay. 


Slebhte riabbach 

nam ban boidheach. i.e. Russet Sleat of beauteous women. — Ch. 


Dornoch law : hang you to-day and try you to-morrow. — J. 


Whithorn* is a filthy place 
like a church without a steeple, 
a wee dunghill at every door, 
and full of Irish people. — Br. 

* 12^ m. S. of Wigtown. 

Like the dog o' Dodha' baith double and twa-faced, 

Like the cowts o' Bearbughty yere cowts tell your best's by. — Hen. 

Like the lasses o' Bayordie ye learn by the lug. — Ramsay. 

You are one* o' the house of Harletillim. — Ry. i.e. greedy; 

Harle, to drag forcibly. 

* Come. 
Ye're either ower het or ower cold like the miller o' Marshack 

Mill.— Hen. 



The four great land-marks on the sea 

are Mount Mar, Lochnagar, Clochnaben and Bennochie.— Ch. 

Clochnaben is distinguishable by its white stone summit, about 
loo feet high, and Bennochie has a round Top, hke the 
nipple of a pap. — Fullarton, Gazetteer. 



There are two landmarks off at sea, 
Clochnaben and Bennachie. 

View of the Diocese of Aberdeen, 1732. 

Ayrshire. The Stoke, Milnwharcer, and Craigneen, 
The Breska and Sligna, 
they are the five best Crocklet hills 
the auld wives ever saw. — Ch. 


Glendevon. There 's Alva and Dollar an' TiUicoutrie, [Ch. 

but the bonnie braes o' Menstrie bear awa' the gree. — 

Dumfriesshire. Repentance Tower stands on a hill 

the like you '11 see nowhere, 
except the one that 's nieest to 't, 
folks call it Woodcockaire. — Ch. 

Repentance stands upon a hill 

Most beautiful and fair, 

Hard by another wooded hill, 

Far-kenn'd as Woodcockair. — Gibson. 
In the vale of the Annan, near to Hoddam. The first and the 
neighbouring farm of Relief were in the boy's mind who 
answered Sir Rd. Steele's question as to what he was 
learning in his book by saying: "The way to Heaven by 
Repentance and Relief." 


Cairnsmuir o' Fleet, Cairnsmuir o' Dee, 

and Cairnsmuir o' Carsphairn 's the biggest o' the three. — Ch. 

Mactaggart, Gallovidian Encyclo. 
Climb Criffel, 
clever cripple (set as a capper). — Gibson. See Cumberland. 

When cloudy Cairnsmuir hath a hat, 
Pilnour and Skairs laugh at that. 

Two mountain burns rejoicing in the prospect of a flood. 

All the Year Round, xxxviii. 465. 1886. 

Lanarkshire. The "hill o' fire," 6m. S.E. of Lanark. 

On Tintock's top there is a mist, 
and in that mist there is a kist,* 
and in the kist there is a caup, 
and in the caup there is drap, 
Tak' up the caup, drink off the drap, 
and set the caup on Tintock tap. — Ch. 

* Chest. 
Sir W. Scott (notes to Franck's Northern Memoirs) says this is 
merely a child's gibberish to test the power of repetition 
without blundering. 

Be a lassie ne'er sae black 

Gin she hae the penny siller 
Set her up on Tinto's tap. 

The wind will blow a lover till her. 



The height atween Tintock tap and Coulterfell 
is just three quarters o' an ell. — Ch. 

Two hills of nearly equal height rising out of the flat country. 
Peeblesshire (W.). 
Glenkirk and Glencotha, 
the Mains of Kilbucho, 
Blendeivan and the Raw, 
Mitchellhill and the Shaw, 
there 's a hole abune the Thriepland * 
would hand them a'. 

* A tarn with an overhanging cave artificially made as a retreat 
for soldiers, temp. Wallace, nr. Boghall. 


There are hills beyond Pentland and fields beyond Forth. 

Brewer, Reader's Handbook, 


For well our mountain-proverb shows 
The faith of Islesmen ebbs and flows. 

Scott, Lord of the Isles, IIL, iii. 


The water o' A'an^^ it rises sae clear 

'twould beguile a man of a hunder a year. — FuUarton, Gazetteer. 

* The Avon in Aberdeenshire. 
The lads of Ae. A river in Dumfriesshire famous for broils, 

battles, and feats of agility. — Ch. 
Annan, Evan, Tweed, and Clyde 
A' rin out o' ae hillside. 

They run out of different sides of the same hill. — Gibson, i.e. 
Rodger Law, near the village of Elvanfoot, a mass of 
mountain ground occupying the upper parts of the counties 
of Peebles, Lanark, and Dumfries. — Ch. 
Tweed ran [quickest, but furthest], 
Annan wan [shortest, but slowest], 

Clyde fell [down] and broke his neck [crown] owre Corra Linn*. 

* The Falls are alluded to near Lanark. 

Cf. Tamar and Torridge. — Westcott, View of Devonshire^ p. 343, 
repr. Exeter, 1845. 

The Annan being nearer to the Solway than the Tweed to the 
German Ocean or the Clyde to the Atlantic. — Gibson. 

What is that compared to two of the great American rivers, 
the Missouri and the Mackenzie, respectively disemboguing 
into the Gulf of Georgia (Mexico) and the Polar Sea after 
a course of thousands of miles, having branches which 
approach within 300 miles of each other in the Rocky 
Mountains ? — Cowan. 



When Annan roars o'er bank and brae 

the Southland farmer's heart is wae. — Gibson. 

Like most mountain-bred streams, Annan is subject to heavy 

Prosin, Esk and Carity 

meet a' at the broken buss o' Inverquharity. — Ch. 

Forfarshire. The first and third join the second at Inverarity, 
the seat of the Ogilvies. 

Up Corrie and down Dryfe, 
that 's the gate to seek a wife. 

Two rivers in Dumfriesshire. — Gibson. 

There 's Corrie-lea and Corrie-law, 
Corrie-hill and Corrie-ha', 
Corrie-mains, where maidens hork, 
Corrie-common, Corrie Kirk. — Gibson. 

As deep as Currie well. A river S. of Edinb. — Murray. 

Like the dam o' Devon, lang gathered and soon gane. — Hen. 

The Devon rises in Perthshire, and above Dollar goes over 
Devil's Mill Fall (so called because it sounds like a mill 
and pays no regard to Sunday). — Sharp, Brit. Gazetteer. 

It is a doom Devon. Said of a verv destructive flood. 

Don (Aberdeenshire). 

Brig o' Balgownie, black 's your wa', 
wi' a wife's ae son and a meere's ae foal, 
Down ye sail fa'. — Byron, n. to Don Juan. 

Brig o' Balgownie, black be your fa'. 

Over the Don, 2 m. N. of Aberdeen, of which a legend says 
that it will fall with a wife's ae son and a mare's ae foal. 

Ae mile* of Don 'sf worth twa of Dee J, 
except for salmon, stone, and tree. — Ch. 
[unless it be for fish or tree. — Sharp, Brit. Gazetteer.] 
* Rood. t Rich, fat cornland. X Thin, dry soil. 
Some go even so far as to affirm that not only the corn, but also 
the men and beasts are firmer and plumper on Don than 
on Dee. — View of the Diocese of Aberdeen, 1732. 

The floods do great injury, but are useful. 

When Dee and Don run both in one, 

and Tweed shall run in Tay, 
the bonnie water of Urie 

shall bear the Basse* away. — Thomas the Rhymer. 

* An artificial mound near Inverury, supposed to have been the seat of 
Parliament. — Ch. 

Let spades and shools do what they may, 
Dryfe will hae Drysdale Kirk away. 

Let spades and shools do what they may, 
Dryfe will hae Dryfisdale Kirk away. 

A. Cunningham, Gloss, to Burns. 



A prophecy of Thomas the Rhymer, fulfilled in 1670. Another 
church was built the following year, and also swept away 
by the flood. The present parish church is situated at 
Lockerbie, a mile away. — Gibson. 

A Dryfesdale man once buried a wife and married a wife in ae 
day. — Ch. i.e. as he was returning from his second bridal 
they met the corpse of his first wife carried down by the 
torrent, and had to re-inter it. 

The Ettrick and the Slitterick, 

the Leader and the Feeder, 

the Fala and the Gala, 

the Ale and the Kale, 

the Yod and the Jed, 

the Blackater and the Whittater, 

the Teviot and the Tweed. 

Rivers chiefly in Roxburghshire. — Ch. 

Forth bridles the wild Hielandman. Being a defensive line between 
his country and the Lowlands from its source nearly to the 
Frith.— Scott, Rob Roy. 

Colquhally and the Sillertoun, [Fifeshire] 

Pitcairn and Bowhill, 
should clear their haughs ere Lammas spates, 

the Ore begin to fill. — Ch. 

Farms lying below its junction with the Fittie, in low land 
where floods are disastrous. 

Ladeddie, Radernie, Lathockar and Lathone, 

ye may saw wi' gloves off and shear wi' gloves on. 

Farms lying on high ground in East Fife, where it is summer 
before the crop can be sown, and winter before it can be 

The hooks and crooks of Lambden Burn* 
fill the bowie and fill the kirnf. — Ch. 

* A tributary of the Tweed, t The pastures producing cheese and butter. 

Lochtie, Lothrie, Leven, and Ore 

rin a' through Cameron Brig bore. — Ch. 

Four streams in Fifeshire. The Leven is the principal, and, 
after receiving the rest, falls into the sea near Wemyss. 

When the Marr Burn ran where man never saw, 
the House of the Hassock was near a fa'. — Ch. 

This old castle has now disappeared ; the rivulet has been 
diverted from its course and made to run in the valley 
before Drumlanrig Castle, a new mansion built by the 
Queensberry family, and now owned by the Duke of 

When cloudy Cairnmuir* hath a hat, 

Pilnour and Skairsf laugh at that. — All the Year Round, xxxviii. 465. 
* Kirkcudbright. t Two mountain burns, liable to sudden floods. 


LOCAL PROVERBS. families. 

A Skairsburn warning is proverbial in the neighbourhood as 
representing the entire absence of any notice beforehand. — 
Ih. Cf. a Scarborough warning. 

Love swells like the Solway, but ebbs like its tide. — Scott, Young 

Was ne'er ane drowned in Tarras*, 

Nor yet in doubt, 
For ere the head wins down 

The hams are out. — Ch. 

* A river rising in the parish of Ewes of a broken and rugged character, so 
that a man falling in would have his brains dashed out ere he could be 

When Tweed and Pausayl* joinf at Merlin's grave, 
England and Scotland shall one monarch have. — Murray. 
[Scotland and England that day ae king shall have. — Ch.] 

A flood is said to have joined them on James VI. 's coronation 
day. — Murray ; Pennycuick, Hist, of Tweeddale, p. 26. 
* Powsail. — Ch. f Meet. 


Duke of Atholl — King in Man'^' 
and the greatest man in Scotland. — Ch. 

* The only Royal fief of the English Crown, 

The sturdy Armstrongs. — Ch. 

Baron* of Bucklyvief 
may the foul fiend drive ye 
and a' to pieces rive ye 
for building sic a town 

where there 's neither horse meat nor man's meat 
nor a chair to sit down. — Ch. 
Quoted by Scott, Rob Roy. 

* A Buchanan. t Stirlingshire. 

The trusty Boyds. — Henry the Minstrel. 

A' Campbells are no sib to the Duke. — Hen. 

The greedy Campbells, 
Fair and fause. — Ch. 
From their advancement by State-craft. 
There never was a rebellion in Scotland without a Campbell or 
»a Dalrymple at the bottom of it. — Attributed to Chas. H. 

Cathcart. Sundrum*'' shall sink, Auchincruive* shall fa' 

and the name o' Cathcart shall in time wear awa. — Ch. 
* About 4 m. E. of Ayr. The first now belongs to the Hamiltons, the second 
to the Oswalds. 

Cariston and Pyetstone, Kirkforthar and the Drum, 

are four o' the maist curst lairds that ever spak' wi' tongue. 

Cariston was a Seton — Pyetstone and Kirkforthar, — 
and Drum a Lundie : lairds in Fife in bygone times.— Ch. 




Sinclair, Sutherland, Keith, and clan Gon, [Gunn] 
there never was peace when they four were on. 
Four leading families. 

The muckle-mouthed Crawfords of Cowdenhills, Dumbartonshire. 

Craufurds of Craufurdland, Ayr. 

A spoon of large proportions has been handed down in each 
family thus inscribed : 

This spoon ye see 
I leave in legacie, 
To the maist-mouthed Crawford after me. 
Whoever sells or pawns it cursed let him be. — Ch. 

The dirty Dalrymples. Said to be in allusion to their coarse wit. 
The name is pronounced D'rumple, sometimes softened to 
the rough Dalrymples. — Ch. 

Another family supplanted them. 

DuNDAS. First came the men o' many wimples, 

In common language ca'd Da'rimples ; 
And after them came the Dundases, 
Who rode our lords and lairds like asses. 
The fore-name Hevv' in this family is said not to be Hugh, but 
to have been bestowed by an early King of Scotland, who, 
besieged on the top of the Bass Rock, owed his safety to 
the hewing down of those who one by one climbed the 
steep ascent. 

The red Douglas (Angus). Of fairer complexion than the black 
Douglas (Liddesdale). 

The red Douglas put down the Black. — Hume, Hist, of the House 
of Douglas. 

So many, so good, as of the Douglases have been 
of one surname was ne'er in Scotland seen. — Hume. 

The lucky Duffs. Duff's luck is proverbial in Aberdeensh., where 
many of the family have acquired lands. — Ch. 

Elliotts and Armstrongs ride, f thieves a'. 

The two predominant clans in Liddisdale, Roxburghshire. 
— Ch. tWha' wad.— Ry. 

The bauld Frasers. — Ch., and see under Gordon. 

As long as there 's a cock in the North 

there'll be a Eraser in Phillorth [Lords Saltoun]. — Ch. 

The Gordons hae the guiding o't. — Ch. 

Ne'er misca' a Gordon in the raws [i.e. ridges] of Strathbogie.* 

— Hen. * N.W. Aberdeenshire. 

The gay Gordons. — Ballad of Glenlogie. 
The Cock o' the North (head of the Gordon family). — Ch. 

You are one o' the tender Gordons, who dow not be hanged for 
galing of the neck, sir. — K. 


LOCAL PROVERBS. families. 

The Gordons guid in English bluid 

Did dip their hose and shoon. — Ballad of Otterburn. 

The Gordon is gude in a hurry, 

And Campbell is steel to the bane, 

An' Grant, an' Mackinzie, and Murray, 

An' Cameron will harkle to nane. 

The Stuart is sturdy an' cannie, 

An' sae is Macleod and Mackay, 

An' I, their gude brither Macdonald, 

Sal never be last i' the fray. — Jas. Hogg, Donald Macdonald. 

A Gordon in green 

should never be seen. — D.N., i3/5/'86. 

The Gordon's Gramacie. 

Ken ye the Gordon's Gramacie ? 

To curse and swear and — and lie, 

and that 's the Gordon's Gramacie. — Ch. 

Gordon (Berwickshire), original seat of that family. 

Huntly Wood — the wa's is down, 

Bassendean and Barrastown, 

Heckspeth wi' the yellow hair, 

Gordon Gowks for evermair. — Ch. 
All farms in the parish of Gordon. Gordon Viscount 

Kenmure (now dormant). 
The gallant Grahams. — Ch. 

Oh the Grahams, the gallant Grahams, 

Wad the gallant Grahams but stand by me 

The dogs might douk in English bluid 

Ere a foot's breadth I wad flinch or flee. 

Finlay's Old Ballads. 
A Graham in green 
should never be seen. 

Guthrie o' Guthrie, Guthrie o' Gaiggie, 
Guthrie o' Taybank an' Guthrie o' Craiggie. — Ch. 
A Forfarshire family. 

Betyde, betyde, whate'er betyde 

there '11 be a Haig in Bemersyde. — Thomas the Rymer. 

or, Haig shall be laird o' Bemersyde.* See Scott, Monastery. 
Petrus de Haga was the owner of these lands, c. 1200, "The 
family has now died out." — Ch., 1867. There is a 
*^ parody, referring to an adjoining property : — 
Befa', befa', whate'er befa' 
there '11 aye be a gowk in Purves Ha'. 
*S.W. Berwickshire. 

Ye 're like the lady of Bemerside, ye '11 no sell your hen in a 
rainy day. — Ch. 

Frae Annan-fit to Errick-stane 

men and horse lang syne hae gane 

'neth greenwood gay, and a' the way 

upon the lands o' Halliday. — Gibson, iii. 169. 



It is said that the Hallidays of Corehead, near Moffat, could, 
about the time of Edward I., ride in the shade of their 
own forests from the Deil's Beef-tub, where the Annan 
rises, to its mouth, a distance of forty miles. 

The haughty Hamiltons. — Ch. 

The handsome Hays. — Ch. 

The haughty Humes, the saucy Scotts, the cappit* Kers, the 
bauld RuTHERFORDs (Border families). — Ch. 
* i.e. Crabbed, contentious. 
The handsome Humes. 

The gentle Johnstons (ironical). 

'Gree amang yoursells, Johnstons ! (Annandale.) 

The rough-riding Scott and the rude Johnston. 

Within the bounds of Annandale 

the gentle Johnstones ride : 

a thousand years they have been there 

and a thousand years they '11 bide. — Gibson. 

Ca cuddie, ca, 

the Johnstones and the Jardines ride''^ thieves a'. — Gibson. 

* Rin away wi' a'. 

Twixt Wigtowne and the town of Ayr 

and laigh down by the Cruves o' Cree, 
you shall not get a lodging there 

except ye court a Kennedie. 

Pitcairn, Account of the Kennedies. 1830. 

Twixt Wigton and the town of Ayr, 

Portpatrick an' the Cruives o' Cree 
nae man need think for to bide there 

unless he court wi' Kennedie.* — Ch. 

* " Saint Kennedy" is Murray's reading, which sounds modern. 

Leslie"^'' for the Kirk and Middleton for the King,t 
but deil a man can gie a Knock but Ross and Augustine. — Ch. 

* Earl of Leven. f Chas. I. 

Between the Less Lee and the Mair 

He slew the Knight and left him there. — Ch. 

Was said of the founder of the family (a Fleming) in the 
i2th Century. 

Lindsay. The light Lindsays. 

The Lindsays flew like fire about 

Till a' the affray was done. — Ballad of Otterburn. 

He chose the Gordons and the Grahams 
With them the Lindsays light and gay. 

Ballad of Otterburn. 

Keep me, my good cows, my sheep, and my bullocks 
from Satan, from sin, and those thievish MacCullochs. 


LOCAL PROVERBS. families. 

A Manx prayer directed against the Wigtonshire family of 
Myrton. — Murray. 

The brave Macdonalds. — Ch. 

Grighair is craic, 
Domnuil is freuc. 

i.e. Macgregor as the rock, 

Macdonald as the heather. — Ch. 

Macgregor. Cnoic is uisgh is Alpanich, 

an truir bu shine 'bha 'n Albin. 

This clan is called Alpanich as descended from Alpin, a King 
of Scotland in the gth Cy. — Ch. 

Hills, waters and Alpins 

the eldest three in Albin. — Ch. 

The fiery and quick-tempered Macintoshes. — Ch. 

Macleans. An cinneadh mor's am por tubaisteach. i.e. the great 
clan and luckless race. 
Ch. says a sort of ostentatious egotsim or Gasconading was their 

The proud Macneils. 

The black Macraes o' Kintail. — Ch. 

The wild Macraws. An old and unmixed but very handsome 
race — Ch. 

The fause Monteiths. Sir John Monteith, Wallace's friend and 
traitor. It was common in Scotland till the last age, when 
presenting bread to a Monteith, to give it with the wrong 
side of the bannock uppermost. The wrong side of a 
bannock to a Monteith, was a common saying. — Ch. 

If ye wi' Montrose gae, ye '11 get sick and way eneugh, 

if ye wi' Lord Lewis gae, ye '11 get rob and reive eneugh. — Ch. 

See Moray, i.e. Lord Lewis Gordon. 

The manly Morisons. A handsome (Dumfriesshire) family settled 
at Woodend, par. Kirkmichael. 

The muckle-mou'ed Murrays (Lord Elibank, Peeblesshire). See 
Jas. Hogg's Ballad. 

From the greed of the Campbells, 
^ from the ire of the Drummonds, 

from the pride of the Grahams, 
from the wind* of the Murrays 
Good Lord, deliver us ! 
* i.e. the bluster. 
The Litany of Maxton of Culloquey, Perthshire {c. 1720), whose 
small estate in Perthshire, though surrounded by powerful 
proprietors, has been preserved entire in his family for 
500 years. — Ch. 

The Setons, tall and proud. — Ch. 



Wood Willie Sommervill [Roxburghsh.] 
Killed the worm of Wormandaill 
for whilk he had all the lands of Lintoun 
and sex mylles them about. 

Wm. of Somerville, in the 12th century, was the reputed 

The wode Laird of Laristone 
Slew the worm of Worm's Glen 
and wan all Linton parochine. 

Menione of the Soinevvilles (17th Cy.). 

The pudding Somervilles. A name given by King James IV. 
in allusion to the good fare at Cowthally. — Ch. 

The worthy Watsons, the gentle Neilsons, the jingling Jardines, 
the muckle-backit Hendersons, the fause Dicksons ; ae 
Brown is enow in a toun ; ae Paterson in a parochine — 
they brak' a' (Families in Lanarkshire). — Ch. 




Ireland. Teagueland. — G., Diet. 

Irishman. Patlander. — G., Did. 

Irishman. Pat. 

Irishman. Murphy. 

Irishman. Paddy. — G., Diet. 

Irishman. Teague (a name of contempt). — Johnson's Diet. ; Shirley, 

Hyde Park, iii. i ; Howard Committee, 1665. 
Hibernicis ipsis Hiberniores (the English Settlers). — Farquhar, 

Twin Rivals ; Beaux Stratagem, iii. 2. 
Irish Bulls — Potheen — Whisky — Butter. 
Irish Fruit : Potatoes and Apricots. — G., Diet. 

Murphies. — G., Diet. 
Irish mosketaes [crab-lice] . — Taylor, Pieree Pennyless. 




The Dutchman for a drunkard, 

the Dane for golden locks ; 
the Irishman for usquebaugh, 

the Frenchman for the pox. — Malcontent, v. 2. 
Thatch, thistle, thunder and thump: words to the Irish like the 

Shibboleth of the Hebrews. — G., Diet. 
Pillaloo ! The funeral bowl. — G., Diet. 

The Irish Karne.— Somers' Traets, iii. 582 ; Roll of Pari, in 1423. 
Redshanks. — Boorde, Introduetion of Knowledge, iii.; Nash, Lenten 

Li plus sauviage en Irlande. — Dit le VApostoile, 13th Cy. 
But if England were nigh as good as gone, 
God forbid that a wylde Irish wyrlynge 
Shulde be chosen for to be their King. 

Libell of English Poliey (1436) ; Wr., Pol., s. ii. 187. 

Wylde Irish.— /&., p. 185 ; G. Harvey, Letter Book, p. 100. 1573. 
Like the wild Irish I '11 never think thee dead, 
Till I can play at football with thy head. 

Webster, White Devil [Dyce's ed.], p. 29. 

An Irishman is never at peace except when he's fighting. 

See England. 
It is the nature of a wild Irishman that the worse you use him, 
the more service he doth you. — Melbancke, Philot. Y 2. 
O'Neal. Speak softly, O'Hanlon, and gow make ready oore kerne 

and gallinglasse against night.— 5^^ Gallowglass in Hll. 
Dauph. You rode like a Kern of Ireland, your French hose in your 

streit strossers. — Shak., Hen. V., iii. 7. 
So ships he to the wolfish Western ile 
Among the savage Kernes, in sad exile. — Bp. Hall, Sat., IV., v. 27. 



Rapparees. Irish robbers or outlaws, temp. Cromwell, armed with 
rapiers for ripping people up. — Grose, Did. 

No Irish need apply. You can't trust an Irishman. — Dublin Penny 
journal, i. 36. 

To weep Irish, i.e. to howl. — E. Hall, Chron. (1548), c. viii. ; Brand, 
Pop. Antiq. [ed. Haz.] , ii. 186. 

Surely the Egyptians did not weep Irish with fayned and 
mercenary tears. — Fuller, Pisgah, S'C, II., xii. 15. 
Let such as shall rehearse 
This story howl like Irish at a hearse. 

Quarles, Argalus and PavtJienia, ii. 

An Irish game hath an Irish trick or vengeance. — Torriano, 1666. 
The land of green ginger. — Haz. 

Beware of the hoof of the horse, the horn of the bull, and the smile 
of the Saxon. — Leinster. N., VII., ii. 126. 

Ireland will be your hinder end. Foreboding that he will steal and 

go to Ireland to escape justice. — K. 
Ireland, a good goose to be pluckt. — Ho., New Sayings, ii. 
Pleasure, like an Irishman, wounds with a dart and is suddenly 

gone. — T. Adams, Works, 535 (1618). 

The Emerald Isle. 

Dr. Wm. Brennan, of Belfast (d. 1820), in a note to his poem 
" Erin," refers the first use of phrase to a party song of 

The Sister Island. 

Rhymed to death, as they do Irish rats. — B. Jonson, The Poetaster. 

Then as in Ireland they do. 

Rhyme rats to death with [a] verse or two. 

Flecknoe, Diarinm J., iv. 1656. 

There are no snakes in Ireland. St. Patrick drove them all out, i.e. 
by charm. — Sir P. Sidney. 

My country breeds no poison. — Middleton, A Fair Quarrel, iv. 4. 

The Urinal of the Planets. — G., Diet. 

Ireland with us because of its frequent and great rains, as Heidel- 
berg and Cologne in Germany. — B. E., Neiv Diet. Canting Creic. 

Irish assurance, or impudence. — G., Diet. 

Mie Mannin, mie Nherin. Good in Mann, good in Ireland. — Mona 
Misc., ii. 9. 

A ha'porth of taties and a farthing's worth of fat 
will make a good dinner for an Irish Pat. 

Denham, N. of E. F. L., p. 12. 1852. 

Harington [Epig., ii. 38) speaks of the Irish bringing Lenten stuff 
[herrings] to the Fair at Bridgwater (Somerset). 

La sardina Galiziana y el pescado d'Yrlanda. — Nunez. 1555. 

Her father was an Irish costermonger. — B. Jon., Alchemist, iv, i. 



In England, sir, — troth I ever laugh when I think on 't ; to see a 
whole nation should be marked i' th' forehead, as a man may 
say, with one iron ; why, sir, there all costermongers are 
Irishmen. — Oh, that's to show their antiquity as coming 
from Eve, who was an applewife, and they take after the 
mother. — Dekker, Honest Whore, pt. 11. , i, i ; and see Old 
Fortunatus, iv. 2. 

He whose throat squeaks like a treble organ and speaks as small 
and shrill, as the Irishmen cry, " Pip, fine Pip." — Jack Drum's 
Entertainment, i. 1601. 

Foote said that he never could tell what became of the cast-off rags 
of the English beggars, till going to Ireland he found that 
they wore them there. 

The hat worn jauntily aside in virtue, as he said of his Irish title. — 
Whyte Melville, Ro/s Wife, ch. xxvii. 

Some Irish lady, born we may suppose. 
Because she runs so fast she never goes. 

Taylor (W. P.), Lady Pecunia. 

As sluttish and slatternly as an Irishwoman bred in France. — 
Wycherly, Plain Dealer, ii. i. 

Ireland was thrice beneath the ploughshare; thrice it was wood and 
thrice it was bare. — O' Flaherty, H-Jav Connaught. 

Irish beauty. A woman with two black eyes. — G., Diet. 

Tim. I wonnot kiss, indeed. 

Widow. I hope you will, sir ; I was bred in Ireland, where the 
women begin the salutation. — Rowley, A Match at Midnight, i. i . 

Amongst the Irish foster- brethren are loved above the sons of their 
fathers. — F. W., Line, p. 159. 

The Irish arms. Thick legs. It is said of the Irish women that 
they have a dispensation from the Pope to wear the thick end of 
their legs downwards. — G., Diet. 

Hast thou never a Knack in thy sot's head, never a shifting shoo of 
an Irish hobby ? — Melbancke, Phil. Y 2. i.e. a pony such as 
came from Ireland. — Harrison, Etig., 220 ; Stanihurst, 20 ; 
Holinshed, Chronicles Ireland, 83. 

Cuir d'Irelande. — Dit de VApostoile. 

Irish horse. Old salt beef. — Smyth, Sailor's Word Book. 

Irish beef [inferior food]. — Wilson, The Cheats, ii. 4. 1633. 

Irish economy — eating bacon and butter together. 

An Irishman carries his heart in his hand. 

Like Irish reciprocity — all on one side. — Cobbett. 

Where an Irishman can enjoy a potatoe-plantation and a cow, he 
thinks himself happy enough. — Ellis, Modern Husbandry. 
p. no. 1750. 

Like an Irish wolf, she barks at her own shadow. — Day, Isle of 
Gulls F 3. 



Like the hole in the Irishman's coat, which lets in the heat and lets 

out the cold. 
An Irishman's hurricane — right up and down, i.e. a dead calm. — 

W. C. Ru.ssell. 
Paddy's toothache, i.e. pregnancy. [Cant.] — Elworthy, W. Somerset 

Word Book. 
The best thing that could happen for England would be for Ireland 

to be submerged in the Atlantic for twenty-four hours. 
We have an adage in Ireland: "There's worse than this in the 


(An odious comparison : Other people are worse off than here. 
Spoken as a word of praise. Cf. No false Latin.) — C. Lever, 
Dodd Family Abroad. 

Pardoner. Heir is ane relict, lang and braid, 

of Fine MacouU,^ the richt chaft blaid, 
with teith and all togidder. 

Lyndesay, The Three Estates, 2086. 
* Fingal. 
Fyn Mac Kowle, 
that dang the devil and gart him yowle.f 

t i.e. yell or howl. W. Dunbar. 

Gret Gow, Mac Morne, and Fin Mac Cowl, and how 
They suld be Goddis in Ireland, as they say. 

Gawin Douglas, Palis of Honour. 

The only time that England can use an Irishman is when he 
emigrates to America and votes for Free Trade. 

Every time a donkey brays an Irishman dies. — Jackson, Shropshire 
[Ellesmere] Folk Lore, 209. 

Leinster for breeding, 

Ulster for reeving ; 
Munster for reading, 

Connaught for thieving. — N., V., ix. 486. 
Ulster for a soldier, 

Connaught for a thief; 
Munster for learning, 

Leinster for beef. •■ 

An Laighneach laoigheach, 
an Mumhaineach spleaghach, 
an Conachtach beul-bhinn, 
'o an t-Ultach beadaidh. 
i.e. The Leinster man is sprightly, 
the Munster man boastful, 
the Connaught man sweet tongued, 
and the Ulster man impudent. 

Ulster Journal of Archaeology, vi. 264. 

" And bad luck to the Bishop of Cork," a frequent addendum to 

toasts, meaning Peter Browne, Protestant Bishop of Cork 

and Ross, who published in 1716 A Discourse of the Great 

Evil of the Prevailing Custom of Drinking Healths. 



He killed what the Connaught man shot at, i.e. nothing. — Mair, 

To hell or Connaught [a malediction of the 13th century]. — Wilde, 
Irish Populay Superstitions. 

Connaught security ; three in a bond and a book-oath. — Christy. 

Donegal girls, who are red-headed, and therefore strong-smelling, 
are said to be born with a pig under the bed. — Folk Love 
Journal, ii. 63. 

The Burkes, the Blakes, and the Bodkins. Three tribal families of 

Dublin for a city, Dunshaughlan*' for a plow, 
Navan t for a market, Ardbracken| for a cow ; 
Kells§ for an old town, Virginia || poor, 
Cavan for dirt, and Belturbet'i for a whore. — Swiftiana. 

* S. Meath. I Mid-Meath. || S. Cavan. 

+ Meath. § N. Meath. M N. Cavan. 

To take the Dublin packet. To escape round a corner. — Cowan, 

Sea Pvov., [American]. 
Sligo is the devil's place, 
and Mullingar* is v/orse ; 
Longford is a shocking hole, 
to Boyle f I give my curse ; 
but of all the towns I ever was in 
bad luck to ould Kinsale|. — N., IV. 

* Mid-Westmeath. f N. Roscommon. J Cork. 

Loughrin is a blackguard place. 
To Gort I give my curse ; 
Athlone itself is bad enough, 
But Ballinrobe is worse. 
I cannot tell which is the worst, 
They 're all so very bad ; 
But of all the towns I ever saw, 

Bad luck to Kennagad. — Walter Scott, Life, ch. Ixxi. 
(Sent by his son, a cavalry officer, from Ireland.) 
In Irland sind die Aerzte Bettler, well es so gesund dort zu wohnen 

ist. — Hes. 
Sind die Irlander gut, so gibt es keine bessern, menschen, und sie 

aber schlecht so findet man keine schlechtern. — Hes. 
Per gli Irlandesi non vi sono stelle. — Strafforello. 
Inconsistencies. Buckles and brogues. Cf. Goldsmith : sending them 

ruffles when wanting a shirt. — Haunch of Venison. 
Head of a shilling, tail of a farthing. 

The Irish mix better with the Enghsh than the Scotch do ; their 
language is nearer to English, as a proof of which they 
succeed very well as players, which the Scotch do not. 
Then, sir, they have not that extreme nationality which we 
find in the Scotch. You [Boswell] are almost the only 
instance of a Scotchman that I have known who did not 
at every other sentence bring in some other Scotchman, — 
Boswell, Life of Johnson. i^T^- 

VOL. I. 273 18 


The Irish are not [like the Scotch] in a conspiracy to cheat the 
world by false representations of the merit of their country- 
men. No, sir ! the Irish are a/azV people: they never speak 
well of one another. — lb., iTJS- 

Get an Irishman on the spit, and you '11 easily find two others to 
turn him. — Bernal Osborne in House of Commons, 7/5/'72. 

An English wolf, an Irish toad to see, 

Were as a chaste man, nursed in Italy. — Hall, Sat., IV., iii. 

But now can every novice speak with ease 
The far-fetch'd language of the Antipodes. 
Would'st thou the tongues that once were learned hight, 
Though our wise age hath wip'd them of their right*. 
Would'st thou the courtly three f in most request ? 
Or the two barb'rous neighbours of the West. — Hall, Sa^., VI., i. 137. 
* ? Irish, Welsh. f French, Italian, Spanish. 

BuRREN Barony (N. Clare), said not to have water enough to drown 
a man, wood enough to hang a man, or earth enough to 
bury him. — Murray. 

'Tis all over, like the Fair of Athy,* i.e. quickly terminated. — Haz. 

* Co. Kildare. 
Ballyore (South). 

Tri h-iongantuis Bhaile Fhoir ; muileann gan sruth, angeoire 
g-loich, agus mainistear air fhasach. 

The three wonders of Ballyore : a mill without a stream 
(driven direct from lake), a hermitage, and a monastery 
in a wilderness. — Ulst, Journ. Arch., ix. 229. 


This bangs Banagher, and Banagher bangs the devil. 

A writer in the Ulster Journal of ArchcEology, i. 306, 1853, refers 
this to the Cemetery of Banagher, near Dungiven, co. 
Derry (all that is left of a church and monastery of the 
nth Cy.), the sand of which is used as a charm to bring 
luck and keep off witches. 

You 've kissed the Blarney Stone (Cork). 

Beware of the curse of Columb-Kille ! 

The same writer adduces this warning, which is pronounced 
when anyone puts on a shoe before both feet have been 
encased in their stockings. In vol. ii., 67, this is 
explained : The Saint of that name, when attacked by 
some Irish, hastened off with one shoe on. His foot- 
steps were thus traced, and he pronounced the curse. 

Carlow spurs and Tullow garters (N. Carlow). 

Cashel (Tipperary), [14 m. N.W. of Clonmel]. 

As firm as the Rock of Cashel (on the Suir). 

Low town, high steeple, 

proud folic, beggarly people. — Carlow. 



Cork. Prince {Worthies of Devon), speaking of Sir Lewis Pollard and 
of the marriages of his twenty-two children into Devon- 
shire families, says: "So that what is said of Cork in 
Ireland, that all the inhabitants therein are akin, by these 
matches almost all the ancient gentry in the county 
became allied." 
Citizens of Cork, all of one alliance. — Camb., Brit. [_Irelandl^. 
F. W., Cheshire. See under Limerick. 

DowNPATRicK. Hi tres en Duno tumulo tumulantur in uno, 
Brigida Patricius, atque Columba Pius. 

Sir John De Courcy on the discovery, 
1185 ; Murray. 

Dromore. High church and low steeple, 

dirty town and proud people. 

Dr. Hume in Trans. Hist. Soc. Lan. and 
Ches., i. 48 n. 
Dublin. Dirty DubHn. 

A beggarly people, 

a church*' and no steeple. 

Swift. Prior, Life of Goldsmith, 38. 
* St. Ann's Church. 
The Silent Sister — Trinity College, Dublin. 
As plain as the old Hill of Howth [in Dublin Bay]. 
Donnybrook Fair. Proverbial for fun and fury. 
To have been dipt in the Liffey. To have lost your bashfulness. 

Cf. Shannon. 
Ferns (N. Wexford). 

This house Ram built for his succeeding brothers ; 

Thus sheep bear wool, not for themselves, but others. — Murray. 

(Inscription on Ferns' Episcopal Palace, built by Thomas 
Ram in 1630.) 

Kerry. The Sanctuary of Sin and Refuge of Rebels as outlawed 
from any EngHsh jurisdiction. — F. W., Suffolk, p. 64 ; 
Camden, Elizabeth, 1598. 
Kerry Security. Bond, pledge, oath, and keep the money. — 

G., Diet. 
A Kerry shower 's 
of twenty-four hours. 

Kerry showers 
> last twenty-four hours. 


Fire without smoke,* air without fog, 
water without mud, land without bog, 
and streets paved with marble.f 

N., VI., vi. 47. Gentleman's Magazine, January, 1801. 

* Owing to the general use of the Castlecomer anthracite or stone coal. — 

t Black, the neighbouring geological formation being almost entirely com- 
posed of carboniferous limestone. 



The Kilkenny Cats, who fought till there was nothing but their 
tails left of either. — N., I. ii. 71, and N., IIL v. 433. 

An allegory of the municipalities of Kilkenny and the adjoining 
suburb of Irishtown, who contendeth so severely about 
boundaries and dues to the end of the 17th century that 
they mutually ruined each other. — Globe, 2^/io/'gy. 
Kilkenny. An old frieze coat. — G., Diet. 

KisHCORRAN hill (S. Sligo). Leave Keish where it stands. — Mair, 

Leap. Beyond the Leap, beyond the law. A river in W. Cork. 
See Haz., p. 8g. 

Limerick. Limerick was, Dublin is, and Cork shall be 
the finest city of the three. 

(Quoted in Hole's Little Tour in Ireland.) 

As wise as the women of Mungret. — N., IL, vi. 208. 

A famous seminary near Limerick. An examination by the 
College at Cashel being threatened, some of the young 
students were dressed up as women and some of the 
monks as peasants, and sent on the road the professors 
were to arrive by. All their enquiries were answered in 
Greek and Latin ; and, fearing to have the tables turned 
in a country where the rustics talked the classical lan- 
guages, they abandoned the mission. — See Ferrar, History 
of Limerick (1787), p. 186. 

Limerick beauties. 

Limerick Races stand in the same category as Donnybrook. 

Meath. Praiseach bhuidhe na ngort chiureas mna na Midhe le 
h-ole. It is the yellow preshagh .[wild kail] that brings the 
Meath women to harm. Under pretence of going out to 
gather it, they would meet their lovers. — McAdam, Ulster 
Journal of Archaeology, vii. 270. 

MuNSTHR plums. Potatoes. — G., Diet. 

Newry. High church and low steeple, 

dirty streets and proud people. — Swift. 

Shannon. As civil in the English Pale as here, 
And laws obeyed and order duly kept, 
And all the rest may one day be reduced. 

A Warning for Fair Women, i. 1599. 
Party-coloured like the people, 
red and white stands Shandon* steeple. 

* Village on opposite side to Cork of the river Lee. 
To have been dipt in the Shannon. To have lost all sense of 
bashfulness. — Grose. 
Skellig [S.W. Kerry] . 

To go to Skellig. — N., L, vi. 533. 

A group of rocks on the coast, to which the unmarried of 
both sexes are said to go in pairs to do penance during 
Lent, when marriages are prohibited. 



Sligo. Making up for lost time, as the piper of Sligo said when he 
ate a hail side of mutton. — Scott, Woodstock, xx. 

Telton. a Telton marriage. It was a custom in ancient times, at 
the Fair held at this royal seat in Meath, for all the lads 
and lasses who wished to try their luck to arrange them- 
selves on either side of a high wall, in which was a small 
opening, through which the female protruded her hand. If 
the swain admired it the parties were married ; an arrange- 
ment which, fortunately for both, only held good for a year 
and a day, when each were free to try their luck again. 
The proverb is not yet obsolete. — Murray, 1878. 

TiPPERARY. A Tipperary fortune. Two town-lands : Stream's town 
and Ballinocack. 
Said of Irishwomen without a fortune. — G., Diet. 


He is like a Waterford merchant, up to the arse* in business. — 

Irish R., 1813. 

* Eyes. — Haz. 

She is like a Waterford heifer, beef to the heels. — Irish i?., 1813. 

G. has Munster. Her., MuUingar. 


Per Mac atque O tu veros cognoscis Hibernos, 
His duobus demptis, nuUus Hibernus adest. 

Moore, Manx Place -Names, p. 9. 

By Got, o' my conshence, tish he ! ant tou be King Yamish, me 
name is Dennish, I sherve ti Majesties owne cashtermonger, 
be me trote ; and cry peepsh and pomwatersh in te mayesties 
shervice 'tis five years now. — B. Johnson, Irish Masque. 





The Mulattoes hate their fathers and despise their mothers. — Sir 
Spencer St. John, Hayti. 

Creole. A native of the Tropics, of European parentage. 

Aha CreoHnnen wiinschen camisas de Britana, y maridos de 
Espana. — Hes. 

The Enghsh language is Dutch, embroidered with French. — Ho., 
New Sayings, V. 


Cornstalks. AustraUans (N. S. Wales). — All the Year Round, N.S., 
xii., p. 67. 

'* I am an American, I am," said he, as if his first nasal greeting 
had not betrayed him as surely as it does an Australian. In 
fact, residence in a colony and nasillation belong now to cause 
and effect. — Walter White, Novthnnihc viand and the Border, 

P- 319- 
Our trees without shade, our flowers without perfume, our birds 
who cannot fly, our beasts who have not yet learnt to walk 
on all fours. — Marcus Clarke, author of For his Natural Life. 

My brothers, let us breakfast in Scotland, lunch in Australia, and 
dine in France, to our lives' end. — Henry Kingsley. 

Queensland. Banana-landers. Queenslanders. — All the Year Round, 
N.S., xii., p. 67. 

Tasmania. Gum-suckers. Tasmanians (from gum-trees). — All the 
Year Round, N.S., xii., p. 67. 

Victoria. The British El Dorado. 


Barbadoes abounds in lizards, Guiana is over-run by frogs, but 
Trinidad by the number and variety of the communities of 
ants. — Lady Brassey, In the Trades, etc., 1885, p. 132. 

Barbadians are said to be natives of Bimshire.— Cohens, Trinidad. 


If the Bermudas let you pass, 
then look out for Hatteras. 
[you must beware of Hatteras.] 


LOCAL PROVERBS. channel islands. 

It is customary for vessels returning from Rio Janeiro to New 
York to sail out several hundred miles to sea, sometimes 
even inclined to the southward. Then there is a long home 
reach of about 6,500 miles, with a trade wind all the way 
home. This line passes near the mouth of the Amazon, 
thence east of the dangerous cluster of the Bermudas, and 
the N. American equally dangerous Cape Hatteras. — 
Cowan, Sea Pvov. 

Keeps he still your quarter in the Bermudas*? — B. Jonson, The Devil 
is an Ass, ii. i. 

* Narrow passages near Covent Garden, N. of the Strand. 


Ontario (Ont.). [K'nucks.] 

Toronto. City of Colleges. 

Montreal. City of the Mountain and the Rapids. 
Quebec (P.Q.). [K'nucks.] 

Quebec. Gibraltar of America. 
New Brunswick (N.B.). [Blue Noses.] 
Nova Scotia (N.S.). [Blue Noses.] 
Pr. Edw. Island (P.E.I.). [Blue Noses.] 
Newfoundland (Nfld.). 
Manitoba (Man.). 
N. W. Territory (N.W. Ter.). 
British Columaia (Br. Col.). 

Yankees are called in Canada Blue bellies. 


They say in these Channel Islands a man will run across every 
mortal he has known, or is fated to know, from his cradle to 
his grave. — Mrs. Edwardes, A Girton Girl, ch. ii. 


"Aurigny, c'est le dernier pays du monde," dit un Sercquois. — 
Blackwood's Mag., Aug., 1887, p. 106. 

The Spring may be considered the most rainy season, but it is 
believed that, taking the whole year into consideration, less 
> rain falls in these islands than in the Western Counties of 
England. Westerly winds are proverbially prevalent, and 
when accompanied by rain constitute what has sometimes 
been denominated " Guernsey weather." — C.C.Babington, 
PvimiticB Flora Savnicce, 1839, Pref. vi. 


The Assembly Rooms at St. Peter's Port, over '* Les Halles " 
of the Frenchwomen, where public balls, concerts, and 
exhibitions are held, are private property, the funds for the 



erection of which were raised by shares held by certain of 
the head families of the island, who on first clubbing their 
means together found their numbers to amount to sixty. 
Hence, we believe, arose that exclusive body in Guernsey 
called " The Sixties." '* It is scarcely probable," writes 
Berry, " to define the essential requisites for admission into 
this rank ; ample fortune will not accomplish it, and neither 
business nor lack of noble ancestry is any bar to it- Very 
resolute distinctions prevail among the Guernsey families, 
and those of ' The Sixties ' will neither mix nor visit with 
' The Forties.' " What the latter means we cannot explain. 
— Guide to Guernsey, by F. F. Dally, 2nd Ed., i860, p. 30. 

Offend the Careys, and God help you ! — Truth, 28/ii/'95. 


Rock scorpion. A native of Gibraltar. 

HELIGOLAND. [English no longer.— Ed.] 

Griin ist das Land, 

roth ist die Wand, 

und weiss der Strand, 

das sind die Farben von Helgoland. 

Times, /io/'86. 


Soldiers say that the first year you are quartered in Jamaica you 
admire the scenery, the second you collect ferns, the third 
year you go mad. — St. James' Gaz., ii/i2/'84. 


Smiche. A native of Malta. 


The Great Britain of the Antipodes. 
The England of the Pacific. 
The Britain of the South. 

Auckland. All the Aucklanders have strangely aquiline noses. 

" Ah, that 's a peculiarity of the climate ; you '11 have a long 
nose too, after a year q^ so. There 's an Auckland proverb 
that a new chum [fresh settler] never does any good until 
his nose is grown. It 's like the proverbial cutting of the 
wisdom teeth. After inhaling this magnificent air of ours 
for a year or two, your nose will grow bigger to receive it, 
and about the same time you will have spent the money 
you brought with you, gone in for hard work, learnt 
common sense, and become 'colonised.'" — W. D. Hay, 
Brighter Britain, i., 1882. 


LOCAL PROVERBS. united states. 

Wellington. A port much given to earthquakes and gales of 

The Wellington climate is proverbial. It is said that a 

Wellington man may always be known by his holding his 

hat on when he comes to the corner of a street. — Geo. 

Sayce, Twelve Times round the World, ch. iv. 
Truth compels me to say that the wind does blow at Wellington 

in a way I never experienced elsewhere. — E. Brodie Hoare, 

National Review, June, 1887, p. 503. 


Trinidad was christened by one of its Governors, " The Pearl of the 

The Cascadou [ra], a fresh-water fish found there, has a coat of 
mail, and is esteemed a great delicacy ; but it is said that those 
who eat of it will sooner or later die in Trinidad — when the 
prophecy saieth not. — Collens, Trinidad. 
The meaning is that they cannot tear themselves away from 
this flesh-pot. 


Uncle Sam. 
Yankee. The Indian pronunciation of *' English." 

Brother Jonathan. Said to have originated in Washington's habitual 
remark in- difficulties : " Let us consult Brother Jonathan," 
i.e. Jonathan Trumbull, Governor of Massachussets. 

Die Englander priigeln die ganze Welt, aber die Amerikaner priigeln 
die Englander. (Nord-Amerika). — Wander. 

England whips the universe and America whips England. 
We own the ocean tu, John ; 
You mus'n take it hard, 
Ef we can't think with you, John, 
It 's jest yer own backyard. 
Ole Uncle S. sez he, " I guess 
" Ef that's his claim," sez he, 
^ " The fencing stuff '11 cost enough 

To bust up friend J. B." 

Lowell, Bigloiv Papers. 

Wenn America entdeckt ist, dann will's jeder finden. — Wan. 

There is no gentleman like an American gentleman (ascribed to the 
States and quoted satirically). — Daily News, 9/ii/'86. 

The real American never takes off his coat to work, i.e. he leaves all 
manual drudgery to the Canadians, Germans, and Irish. — 
Dr. Rigg, Contemporary Review, August, 1884. 



Good Americans when they die go to — Paris (O. W. Holmes). 

The Champs Elysees being their ideal Paradise. Ascribed by 

Miss A. H. Ward (Grocott's Quotations) to Thos. Gold 

Appleton (1812-1884), one of the Seven Wise Men of 

A good Indian is a dead Indian. — Alf. Gurney, Ramble through U.S., 

p. 29. 1884. 

Early to bed and early to rise — 

is no good unless you advertise. — lb., p. 51. 

In Amerika macht man eine stunde in vierzig minuten. — Wan. 

A saying of Germans in the States referring to the activity and 
economy of labour. 

In America one makes an hour out of forty minutes. — Christy. 
Die Amerikaner kochen auch nur mit wasser. — Wan. 
American railroads built on three gauges — broad gauge, narrow 
gauge, and mortgage. 

It has become a proverb that if you wish to see Old France you 
must go to French Canada. And for many things if you wish 
to see Old England you must go to New England. — E. A. 
Freeman, On American Speech and Customs. 

Whoever believes a New England Saint shall be sure to be cheated, 
and he that knows how to deal with their traders may deal 
with the devil and fear no craft. — Ned Ward, Works, ii. 176 ; 
Trip to New England. 

There is no God beyond the Mississippi. Reckless character of the 
inhabitants of the Western States. 

It has been said that there are only two positions in Hfe to which it 
is desirable to be born — Czar of all the Russias and an 
American woman. — National Revieiv, March, 1887, p. 33. 

It is a saying in the States that the best thing that could happen for 
the country would be for every Irishman to kill a nigger 
and be hanged for doing it (both the Irish and Negro 
element being over-powerful in the elections). 

Boston is the hub of the Universe. 

Brooklyn, the old bedroom of New York. — Westminster Rtview, 
July, 1888. 

California. The farther away from the State the louder they cry 
" California pears." — Christy. 

Scratch a Chicago man and you find a Red Indian. 

A Montgomery decision : all on one side, none on the other. — 

New York, the first Irish city and the third German city in the 
world, having more Irish than Dublin, and more Germans 
than any city except Berlin and Vienna. — G. W. Smalley, 
" Notes on New York," Nineteenth Cy., Feb., 1887. 
As Venice was the City of Doges, New York is the City of 
Dodges. — Alf. Gurney, Ramble thro' U.S., p. 47 [1884]. 


LOCAL PROVERBS, united states. 

At New York they say that people only go to Brooklyn to sleep 
and to be buried. — Times, y/g/'Sy. 

In Philadelphia the first question about a stranger is : " Who is 
he ? "—in New York, '« What has he ? "—in Boston, " What 
is he ? " At Baltimore the first question about a woman 
is, " Is she good-looking ? " — at Philadelphia, " Who was 
her grandmother ? " — at New York, " What has she got ? " 
— at Boston, " What does she know ? " 

The Missouri capitalist says of a dangerous scheme: "Rash and 
rapid, Hke Chicago." The Illinois adventurer says of a safe 
and steady enterprise : " Slow and stupid, like St. Louis." 
— " Characteristics of American Cities," Westminster Review, 
July, 1888. 

Washington. The City of Magnificent Distances. 

Yankee. Thus let us meet and mingle converse dear 
By Thames at home or by Potoumac here ; 
O'er lake and marsh, through fevers and through fogs. 
Midst bears and Yankees, democrats and frogs 
Thy foot shall follow me. — T. Moore, Epistle to David Hume. 
Poems relating to America. 1 806. 

U. S. A. 

See N. and Q., V., ii. 82, 174. 

Alabama (Ala.). [Lizards.] 

Alaska Terr. (Alas.). 

Arizona Terr. (Ariz.). 

Arkansas (Ark.). Bear State [Toothpicks]. 

California (Cal.). Golden State [Gold-hunters]. 

San Francisco [Frisco] . City of the Golden Gate [Hundred 
Connecticut (Conn.) Land of Steady Habits. Blue Law State 
[Wooden Nutmegs]. 

New Haven. City of Elms. 
Colorado (Col.). Centennials [Rovers]. 
Columbia Dist. (D.C.). 

Washington. City of Magnificent Distances. Federal City. 
Dacotah Terr [Dae.]. Squatters. Farmer. 
Delaware (Del.). Diamond State. Blue Hen's Chickens [Musk 

Florida (Fla.). Peninsula State [Fly-up-the Creeks]. 
Georgia (Ga.). Crackers [Buzzards]. 

Atlanta. Gate City. 
Idaho Ter. (Id.). Fortune Seekers or Cutthroats. 



Iowa (la.). Hawkeyes. 
Keokuk. Gate City. 

Illinois (111.). Sucker State (Suckers). Prairie State. 
Chicago. Garden City ; Windy City. 
Springfield. Flower City. 
City of Brick. Pullman. 

Indiana (Ind.j. Hoosiers. 

Indianopolis. Railroad City. 

Kansas [Kan.] Jay-hawkers. 

Kentucky [Ky.]. Dark and Bloody Ground. Corncrackers. 
Louisville. Falls City. 

Louisiana (La.). Creole State [Creoles]. Pelican State. 
New Orleans. Crescent City. 

Maine (Me.). Pine-tree State [Foxes]. 
Portland. Forest City. 

Maryland (Md.). [Craw-thumpers.] Clam-hampers. Farmer. 
Baltimore. Monumental City. 

Massachussets (Mass.). Bay State. 

Boston. Modern Athens ; The Hub of the Universe. City of 
Spindles, [Lowell] ; Classic City ; City of Notions — of 
Baked Beans. 

Michigan (Mich.). Wolverines. 
Detroit. City of the Straits. 
Minnesota (Min.) [Gophers, i.e. burrowers.] 
Mississippi (Miss.). Bayou State. [Tadpoles.] 

Missouri (Mo.). Pukes, i.e. cads. 
St. Louis. Mound City. 

Montana Ter. (Mta.). 

Nevada (Nev.). Silver State. [Sage Hens.] 

New Jersey (N.J.) Jersey Blues. [Clam-catchers.] 

Nebraska (Neb.). [Bug-eaters,] 

New Mexico Ter. (N.M.). Spanish Indians. 

New Hampshire (N.H.). Granite State. [Granite Boys.] 

New York (N.Y.). Empire State. Knickerbockers. 
Buffalo. Queen City of the Lakes. 
New York. Gotham. 
Brooklyn. City of Churches. 

North Carolina (N.C). Old North State. Turpentine State. 
Tar-heels. [Tar-boilers. Tuckoes.] 


LOCAL PROVERBS. united states. 

Ohio (O.). Buckeye State. 

Cincinnati. Queen City of the West. Paris of America. 

Cleveland. Forest City. 
Oregon (Ogn.). Web-Foot State. [Hard Cases.] 

Lynn. City of Soles. 
Pennsylvania (P. A.). Keystone State. [Pennanites. Leather- 

Philadelphia. Quaker City ; City of Brotherly Love. 

Pittsburg. Iron City. 
Rhode Island (R.I.). Little Rhody. [Gun-flints.] 
South Carolina (S.C). Palmetto State. [Weasels.] 
Tennessee (Tenn.). Big Bend State. Mudheads [Whelps]. 

Nashville. City of Rocks. 
Texas (Tex.). Lone -Star State. Beet-heads; Beef -heads. 

Salem : City of Witches. 
Utah Ter. (Uh.). Mormon State : Polygamists. 
Vermont (Vt.). Green Mountain State. 
Virginia (Va.). Old Dominion. Mother of States [Beadies] . 

Beagles. Farmer. 
West Virginia (W.Va.). 
Washington Ter. (Wash. T.). 
Wisconsin (Wis.). Badger State. 
Wyoming Ter. (Wyo.). 






Concerning Peoples and Places 





Berckenmeyer (P. L.). Vermehrter Curieusev Antiquavius. 2 v. 
Hamburg, 1712, 

B. Barthol. Bolla. Thesaurus Provevhionmi Italo - Bevgmnasconim. 
Francofurti. 1605. 8vo. 

D. Satire Dettati e Gevghi delta Citta di Firenze da Francesco Dani. 
Firenze, pp. 84-92. 1886. 

F. Giovanni Florio. First Fruits. 

id. Second Fniites. 4to. 1591. 

id. Giavdino di Ricveatione, 410. 1591. 

G. Giuseppe Giusti. Raccolta di Proverhi Toscani. Firenze. 1853. 


Giani (L. C. M.). Sapienza Italiana in hocca Alenianna. 
Stoccarda. 1876. 

Gotti (Aurelio). Aggiunta ai Proverhi Toscane di G. Giiisti. 
Firenze. 1855. 8vo. 

Hes. Land und Stadt im Volksmunde, von George Hesekiel. Berlin, 
Janke. 1867. 

Ho. James Howell, PavamiograpJiia. London. 1659. Fol. 

L. [Ortensio Landi]. Commentario delle pin notahile e viostnwse cose 
d' Italia ed altri luoghi, S'C. 1548. 

P. Orlando Pescetti. Proverbi Italiani. Venetia. 1603. i2mo. 

S. Francesco Serdonati. Proverbi Fiorentini di F.S. Padova. 
1871. 8vo. 

Straff. Gustavo Strafforello. La Sapienza del Afondo. Torino. 
1883. 8vo. 

T. Giov. Torriano. Piazza Universale di Proverbi Italiani. London. 
1666. Fol. 

Tom. N. Tommaseo and B. Bellini. Dizionario della Lingua Italiana. 

4 vols. Torino. 1861-79. 

Tr. Triads (Latin and Italian) in Add' MSS., 30155 B.M., ascribed 
to 1 8th Century. 

W. K. F. W. Wander. Deutsches Sprichworter Lexicon. Berlin. 

5 V. 1867-80. 






Lincei, Fantastici, Humoristi di Roma. 

Intronati di Siena. 

Oziosi di Bologna. 

Addormentati di Geneva. 

Ricoverati e Orditi di Padoa. 

Invaghiti di Mantova. 

Affidati di Pavia. 

Olympici di Vicenza. 

Innominati di Parma. 

Offuscati di Cesena. 

Caliginosi d'Ancona. 

Adagiati di Rimini. 

Assorbiti di Citta di Castello. 

Insensati di Perugia. 

Catenati di Macerata. 

Ostinati di Viterbo. 

Immobili d 'Alessandria. 

Occulti di Brescia. 

Perseveranti di Treviso. 

Oscari di Lucca. 

Raffrontati di Fermo. — Ho., p. i8. 

Sicilia da i Covielli, Bergamo gli Zanni, Venezia e Pantaloni e 
Mantova i Buffoni. — Giani, Sapienza Ital. 

Fiorentini ciechi, Senesi matti, Pisani traditori, Lucchesi signori. — 

Legge Bolognese 

dura trenta giorni meno un mese. 


fatta la sera guasta la mattina. 
^ dura una settimana. 


non dura settimana. 


dura della sera alia mattina. 


dalla sera alia mattina. 

di Verona 

dura da terza a nona. — Giani. 

VOL. I. 289 19 




(quarum hoc in libello fit mentio) versus hi vernacula 


Fama tra noi Roma pomposa e santa, 

Veneta riccha, saggia e signorile, 

Neapoli odorosa e gentile, 
Fiorenza bella tutto il vogo canta, 
Grande Milano in Italia si vanta, 

Bologna grassa, e Ferrara civile, 

Padova forte, e Bergamo sottile. 
Genova di superbia altiera pianta, 
Verona degna, e Perugia sanguigna, 

Brescia I'armata, e Mantoa gloriosa, 
Rimini buona, e Pistoja ferrigna, 

Siena di bel podere, Lucca industriosa, 
Forli bizarra, e Ravenna benigna, 

E Sinigaglia del aria noiosa, 

E Capua amorosa, 
Pisa frendente, e Pesaro giardino, 
Ancona de bel porto pellegrino, 
Fidelissima Urbino, 

Ascoli tondo, e longo Recanate, 

Foligno delle strade inzuccarate, 

E par da cielo mandate. 
Le belle donne di Fano si dice, 
Ma Siena poi tra I'altre piia felice. 

? Agostino Calaldi, Delicia; Italia. Cologne, i6og. 



Veramente ti porto grande invidia : imperoche fra un mese 
(se i venti non ti fanno torto) giugnerai nella ricca I sola di 
Sicilia, et mangerai di que'macheroni i quali hanno preso il nome 
del beatificare (Macharias beatos) : Suoglionsi cuocere insieme con 
grassi caponi e caci freschi da ogni lato stillante butiro e latto, e poi 
con liberale e larga mano vi soprapongano zucchero e canella della 
piu fina che trovar si possa ; oime ! che mi viene la saliva in bocca 
sol a ricordarmene. Quando is ne mangiava mi doleva con Aris- 
toxeno che Iddio non mi avessi dato il coUo di grue, perche 
sentissinel trangugiarli maggior piacere, mi doleva che il corpo mio 
non si facesse una gran campana : Sel ti viene commodo di fare la 
quaresima in Taranto tu doventarai piia largo che longo, tanta e la 
bonta di quel pesci, oltre che li cucinano, e con I'aceto e col vino, 
con certe herbicine odorifere, e con alcuni saporetti di noci, aglio, et 
mandorle. Ma quanta invidia ti porto ricordandomi che tu mangerai 
in Napoli quel pane di puccia bianco nel piii eccelente grado, dirai 
questo e veramente il pane che gustano gli Agnoli in paradiso. 
Oltre quel di puccia vi se ne fa d'un' altra sorte detta Pane di 
S. Antonio in forma di diadema, ed e tale che chi vi desidera con 
esso companatico e ben Re de Golosi. 

Mangerai vitella di Surrento, la quale si strugge in bocca con 
maggior diletto che non fa il zucchero, e che meraviglia e se I'e di si 
grato sapore, poi che non si cibano gU armenti d'altro che di serpillo, 
nepitella, rosmarino, spico, maggiorana, citornella, menta, ed altri 
simili herbe ; tu sguazzerai con que caci cavallucci freschi, arrostoti, 
non con lento fuoco, ma prestissimo, con sopraveste di zucchero e 
cinamomo : lo mi strugo sol a pensarvi. Vedrai in Napoli la Loggia 
detta per sopranome de Genovesi, plena di tutte quelle buone cose 
che per ungere la gola desiderar si possano, mangerai in Napoli de 
susameli, mostacciuoli, raffioli, pesci, fungi, castagni di zucchero, 
schiacciate di mandole, pasta reale, conserve, rosate, bianco 
mangiare ; saranno ti appresentati de buoni caponi fa che tu alizi, 
Gropizi, et non coseggi, cioe mangia I'ali e il gropone, e lascia star le 
coscie : se brami coscie, piglia coscie de pollastri, ed ali di caponi, e 
spalle di montone, e questi sono tre buoni bocconi, desiderati in ogni 
luogo, guisterai quelle percoche da far risuscitar i morti Manucherai 
in Siena ottimi marzapani, gratissimi bericoccoli, e saporitissimi 
ravagiuoli. Se n'andassi in Foligno assaggiareste seme de Popone 
confetto piccicata, ed altre confetture senza paragone ; trovera in 
Firenze Caci marzolini — oh che dolce vivanda, oh che grato sapore 
li lasciano in bocca ; dirai io non vorrei esser morto per millanta 
scudi senza haver provato si delicato cibo ; mangerai del pane 
pepato, berlingozzi a centinaia, zuccherini a migliola, e berrai d'un 



Trebbiano non inferiore al Greco di Lomma. Vatene a Pisa dove si 
fa un biscotto che se di tal sorte se ne facesse per le galee non 
vorreste far tua vita altrove ; poco lontano de Pisa in un luogo detto 
Val calci mangerai le migliori ricotte e le piii belle che mai si vedes- 
sero dal Levante al Ponente. In Lucca essendo, oh che buona 
salsiccia, oh che gratimarzapanetti ti sieno dati. Se gusti del 
Tramarino di S. Michele non te ne parte mai, egli ha proprieta 
uguale all'acqua di Poggio Reale. Non mi voglio scordar d'avver- 
tirti che in Bologna si facciano salciciotti, i migliori che mai si 
mangiassero, mangiansi crudi, mangiansi cotti, ed a tutte I'hore 
n'agrezzano I'appetito, fanno parire il vino saporitissimo, anchora 
che suanito e sciapito molto sta ; benedetto chi ne fu I'inventore, io 
bacio ed adoro quelle virtuose mani : io soleva sempre portare nella 
sacoccia per aguzzar la voglia del mangiare se per mala ventura 
svogliato me ritrovava. Che te diro della magnifica citta di Ferrara, 
unica maestra del far salami, e di confettare herbe, frutti e radici ? 
dove berai Testate certi vinetti, detti Albanelle, non si puo bere piu 
grata bevanda : vi si godeno de buone ceppe, sturioni, e buratelli, e 
famosi le migliori torte del mondo-desiderava io venesse la Giobbia 
e la Domenica piu sovente del consueto per empirmi la pancia 
di torta. 

Haverai in Modona buona salciccia, e buon Trebbiano. Se ti 
verra disio di mangiare perfetta Cotognata, vatene a Reggio, alia 
Mirandola e a Correggio, ma felice ti se giungi a quel cacio 
Piacentino : il quale ha meritato d'esser lodato dalla dotta penna del 
Conte Giulio da Lando e dal S. Hercole Bentivoglio : mi ricordo 
haver mangiato con esso, mentre in Piacenza fui, certe Poma delte 
Calte ed un uva chiama diola, e ritrovarmi consolato come se man- 
giato havessi duno perfettissimo Fagiano. Usasi ancho in Piacenza 
una vivanda detta Gnoechi con I'aglio, la quale risuscitarebbe 
1 appetito d'un morto. Se avvessi che passa per Lodi (dio buono) 
che carni vi mangerai, ti leccherai le dita ne mai ti chiamerai satoUo, 
ma vorrei ben esser nella tua pelle quando arrivarai a quelle minute 
pescagioni di Binasco. Goderai in Milano del cervelato del pera- 
gallo, cibo. Re de cibi, col quale ti conforto mangiar delle offellette, 
e bervi doppo della Vernaciuola di Cassano, d'lnzago, e d'Avauro. 
Goderai certi verdorini della buona delli arrosti : non ti scordar la 
luganica sottile, e la tomacelle di Moncia, non le trotta di Como, 
non li agoni di Lugano, non le Herbolane e fagiani montanari che 
dai deserti de Grisoni a Chiavenna capitar sogliono : non anche i 
maroni Chiavennaschi, non il cacio di Malengo e della valle del 
Bitto, non le Trnttalle della Mera. Haverai in Padova ottimo pane 
vino Berzamino, Luzzatelli e ranocchie perfette : non ti debbo dire 



delli Poponi Chiozzotti, delle passere, delle orate, ostreghe, cappe 
sante e ceffali Vinitiani. Haverai similmente in Vinegia cavi di 
latte, ucelletti di Cipri, Malvagia garba e dolce, et ottimo pesce in 
gelatina che di Schiavonia addur si suole. lo vado per la memoria 
ricercando a mio potere tutte queste cose che gustevoli parute mi 
sono, accioche di cosa veruna non rimanghi defraudato, et il mio 
giuditio lodi nelle cose appartenente alia gola. Buoni vini havrai 
nel Frioli, migliori in Vicenza, dove ancho mangerai perfettissimi 
capretti taccero dirti de Carpioni di Garda ? Goderai a Trevigi 
trippe e gamberi del Sille, de quali quanto piu ne mangi, piia ne 
mangereste. Capitando in Brescia voglio da parte mia vadi al 
S. Gioan Battista Luzago overo al S. Ludovico barbisono et 
dilli che ti dia bere di quella Vernaccia che gia piia fiate mi dettero ; 
hanno i Bresciani oltre la Vernaccia di Celatica, moscatelli superiori 
alii Bergamaschi et alii Brianceschi e mi soviene che il consultissimo 
Conte Camillo me ne fece assaggiare di uno che mai non asaggia il 
migliore. Vi mangerai una vivanda detta in lor lingua Fiadoni, belli 
da vedere, grati al gusto, odoriferi piia che I'ambra e piia che il 
muschio, e morbidi al tatto confortano il stomaco, dano vigore a 
sensi, ristorano le forze, sono facili a digerire, ne punto aggravano io 
mi meraviglia grandimenti che que tanti terzaruoli lodatori de bacelli 
d'orinali, di ricotte e d'altre fanfalughe non si sieno posti a lodare i 
Fiadoni Bresciani non pero mai bastevolmente lodati. . , . Ma 
perche certo sono che non farai ritorno nell' amata patria che Genova 
non veghi io ti avviso che vi si fanno torte dette Gattafure, perche 
le gatte volontieri le furano, e vaghe ne sono, ma chi e si svogHato 
che non li furasse volontieri ? a me piacquero piu che all' orso il 
mele, o le pera moscatelle mangerai delle presenzuole, de buoni 
fichi, e delle schiacciate fatte de pesche e de cotogni, berai mosca- 
tello di Tagia tanto buono, che se in uno tinaccio di detto vino mi 
affogassi parerebbemi far una feUcisslma morte, non ti mancher- 
anno Corsi racesi ed amabili. 

Commentario delle pin Notahili et Mostvuose cose D' Italia & altri 
luoghi, di lingua Avamea in Italiana tradotto, nel qual s'ivipara &• 
prendesi istvemo piacere. [Ortensio Landi] Epilogue dated [Vinegia] 
1548, p." 5- 



Lo zafferano d'Aquila, il saponetto di Atri, i panni di Arpino, la 
paglia di Firenze, i merletti de Geneva, i iiori de Penne, la 
carta di Loreto, i vasi di Castelli, I'acciaro di Campobasso, le 
tavole di Venezia, la majolica di Faenza. — Straff. 

Napola vanti in prima i maccheroni, 

Roma i prosciutti e la giuncata in Maggio, 
Milano i cervellati ed i capponi ; 

Firenze ha d'ogni buono un piccol saggio. 

Torino sa condir qualunque erbaggio, 
Genova manda paste e bei limoni ; 

Casal da'suoi tartufi ha gran vantaggio, 
Ferrara si contenta c6 storioni. 
Parma da caccio suo fa tomi in foglio ; 

Modena in coppe poi non ha sorella. 
Nizza pretende maggioranza in oglio, 

Bologna e la maestra in mortadella, 
Venezia e la regina in far rosoglio, 

Novara a cucinar riso in padella. (i8th Cy.). 
P. 20 of Prima Centuria de Prov. i Motte Hal., P. Fanfani, 1878. 

Un Senor en Espaigne, Maistre en haute Bretaigne, Monsieur en la 
France Gaule, Fidargo en Portugalle, Evesque en Italie, 
Comte en Germanic, c'est un povre compaigna. — Meurier,i558. 

I Don de Spagna, i Conte d'Alemagna, i Monsieur di Francia, i 

Vescovi d'ltalia, i Cavaglieri di Napoli, i Lordi di Scotia, gli 

Hidalghi di Portogallo, i Minori Fratelli d'Inghilterra, i 

Nobili di Ungheria fanno una povera compagnia. — Fl., 2nd 

Fr., ch. vi. 
Mai dar fede a " Faremo" di Roma, agli <* Adesso, adesso " d'ltalia, 

a " Magnana " di Spagna, a "By and by" d'Inghiterra, a 

" Warrant you" di Scotia, e a " Fantost " di Francia, perche 

tutte sono ciancie. — Ih. 
Todeschi a la stala, Francesi a la cusina, Spagnoli a la camera, 

Italiani a ogni cosa. — Pasqualigo, Prov. Veneti. 
Le nazioni smaltiscono diversamente il dolore, il Tedesco lo beve, il 

Francese lo mangia, lo Spagnuolo lo piange, e I'ltaliano lo 

dorme. — S. 
Bergamaschi, Fiorentini e passeti n'e pieno tutto il mondo. — Giusti. 

Fiorentini innanzi al fatto, Veneziani sul fatto, Senesi dopo il fatto, 
Tedeschi alia stalla, Francesi alia cucina, Spagnuoli alia 
camera, Italiani ad ogni cosa. — (Gotti.) 

Pisantin pesa I'uovo, Milanese spanchiarol, Veronese cavoso,Visentin 
gatto, Bressa mangia-brodo, Fiorentin cieco, Bolognese matto, 
Mantuan bulbar, Ferrarese gambamarze, Cremonese mangia- 
fasole, Padoan picca I'aseno, Fachin stoha. — (Gotti.) 

Romagnuolo d'ogni pelo, Spagnuolo bianco, Lombardo rosso, Tedesco 
negro, Schiavon picciolo, Genovese guscio [squinting], 
Venezian gobbo. — (Gotti.) 

II Ministro di Sicilia rode, quel di Napoli mangia e quel di Milano 

divora [the Spanish Governors]. — Serdonati. 



Guardati da Lombardo calvo, Toscano Iosco, Napolitano biondo, 
Siceliano rosso, Romagnuolo ricciuto, Vinitiano guercio, 
Marchigiano zoppo. — O. Landi. 

Francese furioso, Spagnuolo assennato, Tedesco sospettoso. — S. 

Gli Italian! a pisciare 
i Francesi a cridare 
gV Inglesi a mangiare 
gli Spagnoli a bravare 
ed i Tedeschi a bevacchiare. — FL, G. 

L'ltaliano al cantare 

i Francesi al ballare 

i Spagnuoli al bravare, 

i Todeschi alio sbevacchia- 

-re si conoscono. — Tor. 
L'Espagnol mange, TAllemand boit at le Francois, s'accommode a 
tout et on le nomme le singe des autres nations. — Joubert, Er. 
Pop., pt. II. (125). 

Gli Italiani piangono 

gli Alemanni cridano 

i Francesi cantano. — FL, G. 

L'AlIemande a I'etable, 

la Tcheque a la cuisine, 

la Fran5aise au lit 

celakovsky Mudroslovi. — Prag., 1852. 

Francese per la vita Tedesco per la bocca. — S. 

Al Francese un'oca, alio Spagnuolo una rapa [piia frugale]. — S. 

Bare si de alia Greca, mangiar all' Italiana, vestir alia Francese. — 

Signore Spagnuolo e pasticciere Francese. — S. 
Spagna magra, Francia grassa, Germania la passa. — S. 
Cui po accurdari la Spagna cu la Franza ? — Pitre, Sicilian. 
Guardati da mattutini di Parigi e da vespri di Sicilia. — Fl., G. 

Spagnol rosso, Lombardo nero, Guardati da Toscan rosso, da Romano 
di ogni pelo. — B. 

Lombardo nero, da Romagnuol d'ogni pelo. — Giusti. 

Da Spagnuoli e Imperiali 

da Francesi e Cardinali, Libera nos, Domine. — S. 

I Giudei in Pasqua, i Mori in nozze ed i Cristiani in piatire con- 
sumano il ioro. — FL, G. 

liti spregano — Tor. 

sanno impoverire. — S. 

Meurier, 1568. Said to be Spanish. — Hevb., Jac. Pnid. 

Judios en Pascuas, Moros en bodas, Christianos en pleytos gastan 
sus dineros. — Nanez, 1555. 
They say the Jew will spend all on his Pasches, the Barbarian 
on his nuptials, and the Christian on his quarrels or law 
suits. — T. Adams, Wks. 1032 — 1629. 



Itali ante factum, Galli in facto, Germani post factum consultant. — 
Tr., 47 r. 

In Italia sono troppo feste, troppo teste e troppo tempeste. — FL, 

2d Fr. 
In Italien sind viel schone Sachen zu sehen, aber es is wenig tugend 

und Gottseligkeit da zu lernen oder zu holen. — Zifikgref. 
Das Paradies des leibes, das feyfeuer des beutels, die holle der 

seelen.— Berckenr. 
Italien mag wol recht ein Paradiess heissen, well ein jeder so darein 

kommt so leicht in siinde fallt. — Berckenr. 
Non conosce 1' Italia e non la stima 
chi provato non ha la Spagna prima. — Serdonati. 
Italia sepolcro de' Francesi. — Tor. 
Se Africa pianse, Italia non rise. — Tor. 
Italy — the Second Country of every man. 
Italy is only a geographical expression. Spoken by Metternich 

before the union of the various Kingdoms after 1850. 
An English wolf, an Irish toad to see, 
Were as a chaste man nurs'd in Italy. — Bp. Hall, Sat., IV., iii. 

Italiano accorto e geloso. — Tor, 

L'occhio alia fenestra, ITtaliano al chiasso [brothel]. — Fl., G. 

Tres Italianos, dos bugerones, el otro Atheista. — Ho. 

LTtalien, adonne a la sodomie. — Le Roux, Diet. Comique. 

It is Italian courtesy to give a man leave to be his own carver. — 
G. Harvey, Letter Book, p. 57. 1573. 

Inglese Italianato e il diavolo incarnato [Ho.]. — Serdonati. 

Wer einmal in Italien reiset, der sucht ein Schalk (furfante) ; zum 

zweitenmal find er jhn, zum drittenmal bringt er jhn mit 

heraus. — Lehmann. 
Drei dinge bringt man aus Italien heim : leeren beuttel, kranken leib 

und bos gewissen. — Berckenr. 
Die Italianer send entweder gantz gut, oder gantz bose, — Berckenr. 
Die Welschen haben weder Treu noch Glauben. — Luther. 
Tria unica in tribus civitatibus Italias : Unus Petrus in Roma, una 

turris in Cremona, unus Portus in Ancona. — Tr., f. 43 ro. 

Barletta in Puglia, Fabriano nella Marca, Chiavari in Riviera e 
Mompellieri in Francia sono i belli castelli chi si sogliono 
nominare. — Giustiniani, Ord. Mil. 

The Italian's curse. The Turks borrow this imprecation for their 
enemies ; wishing their souls no more rest after death than 
a Christian's hat hath, which is always stirred, or the 
Italian's curse, which is that the plague of Building may 
light upon them.- — Poor Robin's Almanac, Aug., 1713. 
Abruzzo. Abruzzese mangia-pan-onto. — T. 

Scorsi I'Abruzzo, ne contener poter le risa veggendo quei 
huomini piu voghi del pane unto che non e la capra del 
sale. — L., p. 12. 



Chi vuol provar I'inferno 

Testate in Paglia e nell' Abruzzo il verno. — L., p. 8. 

Zafferano d' Abruzzo. — L., p. 41. 
AcQUAPENDENTE [i2 m. N.W. of Orvieto]. 5^fi Rodicofani. 

Buon pane, buon vino, e cattiva gente. — T. 
Albano [14 m. S.E. of Rome]. 

Dir " Albanese, Messere." i.e. dire spropositi. — T. 
Cf. " How far to London ? " "A poke full of plums." 
Albenga [on Riviera di Ponente, midway between Ventimiglia and 

Ad Albenga 

chi non ha a far non venga. 

Fertile but insalubrious. 

Alessandria [46 m. E.S.E. of Turin]. 

Delia paglia. Straw used for fuel from lack of wood. — Hes. 

Belle borse Alessandrini. — T. 

Ciera bionda come un hno d'Alessandria. i.e. nero ebrutto. — T. 
Altemura [28 m. S.W. of Bari, at the foot of the Apennines]. 

Le cicogne d' Altemura. — T. 
Amalfi. Coriandoli della costa di Malphi. — L., p. 41. 
Ampezzo. Doi Ampezzane fes un Cadorin e doi Cadoris fes un 

diaol. — Pasqualigo. 
Ancona. See Roma. 

Ancona, ricetto singolare de Schiavoni, ricapito de Giudei, 
albergo de Turchi, stunza de Esel von Ancona. — Hes. 

Ancona bel porto. — T. See Italia, Roma. 

Morlacchi e nide de' Greci. — L., p. 15. 

Ciambelotta (camlet) di Ancona. — L., p. 41. 
Angera [on E. side of Lago Maggiore]. 

Chi vuol provare le pene dell' inferno 

vade ad Angera d'estate ed ad Arona d'inverno. — Giani. 
Aosta [49 m. N.N.W. of Turin]. 

Nichts als kropfe 
und dummkopfe. — Hes. 

Selbst die pferde und hunde haben kropfe zu Aosta, darum 
finden sie den lacherlich, der keinen kropf hat. — Hes. 

Aquila* [in the Central Apennines, 58 m. N.E. of Rome]. See 
Puglia and Roma. 


La verdea soavissima d'Arcetri, 

vino composto di luce et di umore. — Redi, Bacco in Toscana. 

Arezzo. See Toscana. 

O di quel vino che vermigliuzzo 

Fa superbo I'Aretino. — Redi. 



Arimino (? Rimini). See Grosseto. 
Arno. See Venezia. 

Cascar in Arno ed ardersi. — T. 

Cercar de fonghi in Arno. — T. 

I desiderii non empion Arno. — StrafF. 

Come Arno che non ingrossa che [se] non intorbida. — T. 

Arno non cresce 
se Sieve non mesce. — Giani. 
Haver sete che Arno nollo satiarebbe. — T. 
Arno vuoto granaio pieno. — StrafF. 

Far la campano dell' Arno che facea un suono che parea che 
dicesse " Del poco un poco." — T. 

Dicesi di chi fa parte altrui di quel poco che ha. 

Saltar d'Arno in Bacchiglione. i.e. di ramo in pertica. — F. 
Cf. Out of God's blessing into the warm sun. 

Torre a vuotar Arno con una cocchiara. — T. 

Arno non gonfia d'acqua chiara. — Tom. 

La lingua dell' Arno (la Toscana). — Tom. 

Arno e mori ogni anno ne vuole. — Giani. 
Arona [S.W. shore of Lake Maggiore]. See Angera. 
AscoLi [23 m. S. of Ancona]. 

Ascolani buoni soldati. — T. See Fermo. 
Baccano [a haunt of robbers, 12 miles from Rome]. 

A Baccano non si farebbono. — F. Giardino. 

Esser crocifisso a Baccano. i.e. svaliggiato nel Bosco di 
Baccano. — T. 

Andar da Baiante a Ferrante.— F., G. (A quid pro quo.) 
Barcelletta [? BarcellonetteJ. 

Bastari* di Barcelletta. — T. 

* Saddlers, sumpter-makers. 

Bari [on a peninsula in the Adriatic]. 

Bari, la regina della Puglia. — Giani. 

Barletta in Puglia, Prato in Toscana e Mompolier [? Montpellier] 
in Francia. — P. 

Batignano [in the Maremma]. See Grosseto. 

Benevento [32 m. N.E. of Naples]. 

Mostrar il noce di Benevento {i.e. un noce dove li Stregoni 

vanno a fare il lor Sabato]. — T. 


la sottile. — Giani. 

Esser un Coglion da Bergamo. (Gothamite). — T. 
Bergamasco ha '1 parlar grosso [e ma] '1 ingegno [a far] 
sottile.— P. 



Bergamaschi e Bergamasche 
dove vanno empion le tasche. — T. 

Bergamaschi Fiorentini e passere n'e pieno tutto il monde. — G. 
Per tutto son Fiorentini, Bergamaschi, passeri, e frati dai 
zoccoli [clogs]. — P. 

" ma pill assai di Ganovesi." — Straff. 

Haver le cinque. — T. Bermaschi : To, Tien, Tira, 

Tosto e Tutto. (Esser un fangorone i.e. a miser). — T. 

E piia faechino che un Bergamasco. — T. 

Fiorentino da Bergamo, i.e. parlar grosso. — B. 

Come i panni Bergamaschi, di due colori. i.e. linsey woolsey.— T. 

E torto come la via di Bergamo. — Ho. 

Esser dritta come la via di Bergamo, i.e. storta. — T. 

Non esser piu tempo di Bartholomeo'*'' da Bergamo. 
non esser piu coccagnuola quel viver da matto. — T. 
* i.e. who was a very fool, an Abram. — T. 

Per fare un Greco ci voglione sette Ebrei, e per fare un Berga- 
masco sette Greci. — Straff. 

BiTONTO [lo m. W.S.W. of Bari]. 

Ogliari di Bitonto. — T. Olive di Bitonto. — L., p. 41. 

Bologna. Bononia docet. — F., G. Sorella di Roma. — Has. 

Bologna la grassa 

ma Pavoda la passa. — F., 2d Fv. 

Bologna e grassa 

per chi ci sta, non per chi ci passa. (Gotti). 

Esser come i piffari da Bologna che non sanno suonar se non 
sono gonfi e ripieni. — T. 

Far incarir la merda a Bologna, i.e. pagar caro per quello che 
altri hanno a buon mercato. — T. 

A la Bolognese : a discaricar le fasine [fasciculos] sul 'uscio. — B. 

Esser fuor di Bologna, i.e. un ignorante. — T. 

La luna di Bologna ti si puo dire. — F., G. 

Che sta cent' anni e poi ritorna. — Straff. 

Said to persons who make themselves strangers by absence. 

In Bologna sono piu trappoli che topi.-r— F., G. 

Bologna e pur del Papa. — T. 

Bologna bei saponette. — T. 

Mele Bolognesi. — F., G. See Mantova. 

Chi va a Bologna 

catta febbre o rogna. — F., G. 

II primo anno ch'altri va a Bologna 
o la febbre o la rogna. — P. 

El bando del Bolones 

dura trenta di, manco un mes. — Nuii., 1555. 



Ser un Bolonio. i.e. ignorant, rattle-brained. A proverb launched 
by envy at Spaniards at those who availed themselves of a 
College founded at Bologna by a Cardinal of Toledo. — 
Sbarbi, Flovilegio. 1874. 

Bolognesi, liberi, lieti, freschi. — Giani. 

Alle Bolognes er gelten fiir spassmoche. — Hes. 

Oro di Bologna 

che diventa rosso dalla vergogna. — Tom. 

(The imitation-gold is famous.) 

Fiaschi di vetro coperti di cuoio lavorato-pallotte de Melone. — 
Velo, L., p. 41. 

O la luna di Bologna 

che sta cent' anni e poi ritorna ! 

(A word of welcome to an absentee on his reapperance.) 


(Famous in the spring for its eels au vin blanc.) 
Pope Martin IV. — a gourmand . . . e purga per digiuno. 
L'anguille di Bolsena in la Vernaccia. — Dante, Inf. 
BoRDiGHERA [5 m. W.S.W. of San Remo]. The Jericho of Italy 

[for palms]. — Hare, The Riviems. 
La Brenta. 

La Brenta non sarebbe Brenta, 
se il Cisnion non gli desse la spenta. — Giani. 
Brentonico [6^ m. from Roveredo in Tyrol, on the Brenta]. 

Come quel da Brentonico. i.e. sempre sul viaggio da Verona. Si 
dice di quegli che stanno sempre sul I'istesso proposito e 
non sanno svariar. — T. 

Armaruoli e gran mercanti 

son li Bressanti tutti quanti, — T. 

Forbici lavorati alia zimena. — L., p. 41. 

Tutte le arme di Brescia non armeriano la paura. — F., 2nd F. 

Bressa puo e non vuol, Venetia vuol e non puo, Vicenza puo e 
vuol, Padoa ne puo, ne vuol. — T. Origin not discovered. — G. 

Egli e piu presto che la moglie di Gian Bresciano. — F., G. 

Brescia sdegnosa d'ogni vil pensiero, 

Piia che di ferro, di valore armata. — Monti. 
Brianza [at the foot of the Alps, near Lecco]. 

Nel monte di Brianza 

senza vin non si danza. — G. 

Brianza il Paradiso d'ltalia. 

Brianza il giardino di Lombardia. — Giani. 
Brindisi [45 m. E. of Taranto]. 

Brindisino bel porto. — T. 

Navigare a Brindisino, i.e. andarse facendo imbriacco con li 
brindisi [toasts], — T. 



Brisighella [28 m. S.W. of Ravenna] . 

Che vuol veder la donna bella 
vada a Cesena, oppure a Brisighella. 

Francesco Dani, Satire, Dettati e Geyghi della Cetta 

di Firenze, 1886, p. 85. 

Brozzi [6 m. W. of Florence]. 
Brozzi,* Peretola, e Campi, 
so la peggio geniu che Cristo stampi. — G. 
* Sesto, 5 m, N.W. of Florence. 
Brozzi, Peretola, Sesto e Camp" 
son la peggio genia che Cristo stamp.. — D 

Cadore. See Ampezzo. 

Cagliari [capital of the Island of Sardinia] . 

Callar para encallar 

y Oristan [o] para eniprehar. 

Dos ciudades de Cerdena, Callar buena para vivir, Oristan mala 

y enferma y que se hinchan los vezinos por los malos 

manteni mientos. — N. 
Quando questa nazione canta par che pianga, e quando piange 

par che canti. — L., p. 11. 

Calabria. Terra de' tarantole. — T. Manna di Calavria. — L.,p.^i. 

guai a quella casa dove sta un mese 
se ci sta un anno 
c'apporta ruina e danno. — F., G. 

Come disse il Calavrese " Havesti paura, eh ?" 
dopo sparato I'arcobuzzio. — P. 

i.e. the brigand, when his gun had missed fire, pretending 

'twas all in fun : " Se coglie, coglie, se no : havevi paura, 

eh ? "— T. 

Calamec. — T. 

Trovarsi tardi in Calamec dove si da la minestra a vinti quattr' 
hore, i.e. at sunset. — T. 

Camerino [41 m. S.W. of Ancono]. 

Pannaiuoli di Camerino. — T. (Clothiers.) 

Campi [7 m. N.W. of Florence; in the Val d'Arno, W. of Florence]. 
See Brozzi. 
La compagnia di Campi passi e non baci. Because one in 
* passing the altar had emptied the alms' dish.— G. 

Campiglia [33 m. N.W. of Grosseto] (C. Marittima). 


ingrossa il porco e poi lo piglia. — G. 

L'aria di Maremma ingrassa chi fa goz zoviglia, ma poi 
Cuccide. Pigliare il porco vale andar sene. — G. 

Capagna (? Campagna di Roma). 
Capagna per acquedotti. — T. 



Capo d'Istria [8 m. S.W. of Trieste]. See Rovigno. 
Capraja. See Montelupo. 
Capua [20 m. N, of Naples]. 

La amorosa. — Hes. 

Buffalari di Capua. — T. 

Carmignuola. Esser lana Carmignuola. i.e. cattiva e da pettinar 
co' sassi e dicesi d'un gran furbo. — T. 

Casaferro. I cani di Casaferro il di s'amazzano, e la notte vanno 
a rubar insieme. — T. 

Cascia [13 m. E. of Spoleto, in the Umbrian Apennines], See 

Cascina [8 m. E.S.E. of Pisa]. 

Cascina, Pontedera e Vico 

son tre paesi che vagliono un fico. — Giani. 

Castel Nuovo. 

Bere vino di Castel-Nuovo. i.e. temperate con acqua. — T. 

Castro [10 m. S-W. of Otranto]. 

Secondo che vengon le quaglie divien ricco il Vescovo di 
Castro. — T. 

Castro villari [prov. Cosenza]. 

La Sargia di Castro Villeri. — L., p. 41. 
Castrogiovanni [Enna, 13 m. N.E. of Caltanisetta, in Sicily]. 

L'insuperabile. — Giani. 

Catania. Se Catania avesse porto 

Palermo sarebbe morto. — Murray, Sicily. 
Illustre — La bella. — Giani. 
Catanesi lussuriosi. — T. 

Metter I'arme di Catania ; viz., an ass on a chair. 
Cf. Les armoires de Bourges. — T. 

Catanzaro [33 m. S.S.E. of Cosenza]. Dobleto da Catanzaro. — L., 
p. 41. 

Cava [3^ m. N.W. of Salerno]. 

Operatori della Cava. — T. 
Cefalu [47 m. E.S.E. of Palermo]. La Graziosa. — Giani. 

Celina. See Lago di Garda (torrente che scende dalle Alpi 

Cervia. See Grosseto. 

Cesena [12 m. S.E. of Forli]. Delia belle donne. — Giani. See 

Chianti. Del buon Chianti il vin decrepito 

Maestoso, Imperioso, 
Mi passeggia dentro il core 

Esso scaccia stenza strepito 
Ogni affanno e ogni dolore. — Redi. 




Chiavari [prov. of Genoa, on the Riviera di Levante]. 
Se Ciavai u I'avesse porto 
de Zena ne faivan un orto 
but Se Zena a I'avesse ciannua 
de Ciavai ne faivan seportua. 

Chiavenna [20 m. W.N.W. of Sondrio]. 

Chiavenna buoni lavezzi. — T. Pots or pipkins. 

Chiaverina. Of the women here and at Piuro, O. Landi thus 
speaks : " Le donne sono de visi belli, hanno petti piia belle 
delle Romane, visi piia dilicati delle Modonese, di schena 
non sono inferiori delle Tedesche, di bellezza de fianchi non 
cedeno alle Fiammenghe, di bella mano non si lasciano 
vincere dalle Sanese, fanno li inchini come se Franzese 
fussero, e non men di loro sanno trattenere chi li visita e 
vezeggia, di politezza superano le Venitiane, di creanza 
avanzano le Napolitane, di sufficientia nel maneggiare le 
cose domestiche non darebbono luogo alle Bresciane, &c. — 
Comnientario, p. 28. 1548. 

Chioggia [15 m. S. of Venice]. 

Come quelli di Chiosa che debbon dare e fanno dimandare. — T. 
(C/. To cry whore first.) 

Quanta costa il sale a Chiozza. i.e. saper il falto suo. — T. 
Come i meloni o popponi di Chioggia i.e. d'una buccia e d'un 

sapore. — T. 
Lui fa brocchette da Chiozza — ha paura. — F., G. 

CiANGOLANO. Gran boccali* in Ciangolano. — T. 

* Bottles. 
CiGOLi [ — m. from Brescia]. 

Come i giganti da C. chi battevano i ceci colle pertiche. — T. 

CioMPi. Bandi (proclamations) di Ciompi durava tre di. — G. 
A CiTTA DI Castello* dicono : 

Tevere, Vitelli e Buffalini 
son tre mai vicini. — Tr., f. 58, lo. 
The Vitelli and Bufalini families seem to have eaten up their 
neighbours ; the former had no less than four Palaces. 
* N. of Perugia, on road to Urbino. 

CiTTA Nova [26 m. S.S.W. of Trieste]. 
Chi non vi porta, non vi trova. — G. 

CiviDALE [9 m. E.N.E. of Udine]. See Roma. 

CoLLE. Palle de Colle. — L., p. 41. 


Vanne a prendere I'ombrello 
che Bisbino ha il suo cappello. 

* 4,415 ft, high, behind Urio, on the W. side of the lake. 

CoNCA (di Rame), prov. Rovigo. See Fusina. 



CoRNETO [i2 m. N. of Civita Vecchia]. 

Al corniero di Corneto. — F., G. i.e. to be a cuckold. — T. 
Cf. Andare in Cornovaglia senza barca. 
Crema [25 m. E.S.E. of Milan] (on the Serio). 

Cremaschi telaiuoli. — T. 

Tela sottile. — L., p. 41. 

II Gran Turco gli ha preso la China 

e i Savoiardi han preso la Crema . . . — Dani. 

Cremona buona mostarda. — T. i.e. mosto ardente. A conserve 
made of new wine and spices. — Sargia, L., p. 41. See 
Italia Roma. 

Cremonesi buoni soldate. — T. La Torrita. — Giani. La fedele. 
— Hes. 

In Cremona sind die Bratwiirste erfunden. — Hes. 


A Cresole 
non v'e ne pan ne fregole. — Giani. 

Elba. See Isola. 

Empoli [16 m. W. of Florence]. 

Far la festa da EmpoH. i e. mangiare senza bere. — T. 
EuGUBiNi e Veronesi matti. — Gior. d. Evuditi, ii. 327. 
Fabriano [29 m. W. of Macerata]. Carta da Fabriano. — L., p. 41. 
Faenza [19 m. S.W. of Ravenna]. 

Braggiole di Faenza (steaks or rashers). — T. 

Piatti di Faenza. — T. Piatti e scodelle di terra bianca. — 
L., p. 41. 

Fano [a seaport on the Adriatic, 7 m. S.E. of Pesaro]. 

Le belle donne di Fano si dice 

Ma Siena poi tra I'altre piu felice. — Agostino Calaldi. 
[Modena. — Gior. d. Enid., iv.] 

Fermo [34 m. S.E. of Ancona] . 

La montuosa. — Giani. 

Robusti quei di Fermo. — T. 

Quando Fermo vuol firmar 
tutta la Marca fa tremar. — F., G. 

Quando Fermo vuol fermare, 
se Ascoli il lascia fare 
tutta Marca fa tremare. — Tr., f. 60, 1. 

La civile. — Giani. 

Ferrara belle artiglierie. — T. 

Veluto intagliato. — L., p. 41. 

Fiche Ferraresi. — F., G. See Mantova. 

Fatta a Ferrara e temprata a Piombino. — F., G. 
i.e. a knife (play on words). 



Mandar a far stuore in Ferrarese. — F., G. 
Ferrara hat mehr hauser als einwohner. — Hes. 
Ranocchia da Ferrara chi non morde per non haver denti. — T. 
Quando il tempo vien dal Ferrarese 
si bagna ogni paesi. — Giani. 

The Ferrarese are as crafty as the devil of hell. — Gascoigne ; 
Ariosto's Supposes, ii. 2. 
O citta bene avventurosa 

La gloria tua salira tanto 
Che avrai di tutta Italia il pregio e il vanto. 

Ariosto, Oil. Fjir., xHii. 55. 


Come i buoi da Fiesole che si leccano i mocci vedendo I'acqua 
d'Arno (i.e. mouths water). — T. 

Cavalier del Fiocco. (Cruscante.) 

FiRENZE [Florence], v. Bergamo, Siena, Napoli. 
Fiorenza la bella. — F., 2d F. 
Citta da veder solamente le Feste. — T. 
Fiorenza mercantile. — T. 
La seconda Roma. — Giani. 

Fiorenza non si muova 
se tutta non si duole. — P. 

Antico proverbio indicante certa longanimita per la quale i 
Fiorentini erano tardi alle sommosse. — G. 
Firenze ha consolevole I'acqua, la terra, e I'etera 
Fazio. Vedi Napoli e mori. 
Tomaso. Vedi Venezia, eccetera.— Goldoni, Torqnato Tasso, v. 13. 

Nascere in Spagna, vivere in Firenze e morire a Napoli. — D. 
Egregia citta di Fiorenza, oltre ad ogni altra Italica beUissima. 

Bocc, Dec, I. 
Se Fiorenza avesse un porto, 
di Pisa farebbe un horto, 
di Livorno uno scrittoio, 
di Luca un cacatoio. — T. 

A Firenze il fiore 

a Prato I'amore 

a Pistoia il pazzo. — Gotti. (? puzzo.) 

Chi sta a' marmi di Santa Maria del Fiore (il Duomo) o e pazzo, 

> o sente d'aniore. — G. (The evening lounge.) 
Chi va al canto al Giglio e non inciampa 
puo ir sicuro in Francia. — S. 

(Chaff of the shopkeepers to passing travellers. — G.) 

Chi va a San Biagio 

perde I'agio ; 

chi va a Santa Maria, lo ritrova. 

(The former an ill-supplied suburban hospital for the poor ; 
the latter first-class. — G.) 

VOL. I. 

305 20 


Far le scale di S. Ambrogio. i.e. der mal di alcuno. (A famous 

gossiping place. — T.) 
Esser fanciulla delle Stinche. i.e. che non riporta mai I'avvanzo 

de' quattrini. — T. (A prison in Florence.) 

Torrai in Firenze due pezze di brocato riccio sopra riccio, et 
due di tela d'argento, con dieci lire di quel filo tanto 
sottile ; portami di quel fiaschettini lavorati con la seta 
che fanno le monache Florentine e di quelle coseline che 
fanno i prigioni nelle stinche Fammi avere vinti sei braccia 
di panno monachino, altre tanto di perso, venti braccia di 
rascia sei berette Florentine per la state. — L., p. 41. 

Vender i merli di Fiorenze. i.e. voler mettersi in compromesso 
per I'amico, voler far falsa moneta per esso. — T. 

Esser di quel larghi di Fiorenza. i.e. esser de'sottili, concioche 

li Signori Fiorentini sappiano benissimo il fatto loro, fin ad 

un finocchio. — T. 
Q. Whither should a man with most profit travel to learn the 

languages ? 
A . To Orleance for the French, to Florence for the Italian, to 

Lypsick for the Dutch, to London for the English. — Htlp 

to Discourse, p. 115. 1638. 
Chi volesse mandar dinari a Venezia omvero a Fiorenza. — B. 

Credo che siete Fiorentino, perche sete cosi ritrose, protervo e 
fastidioso a contentare. — F., 2d Fr., ch. viii. 

Di tre cose un Fiorentino fa una frulla, 

d' " Addio," " Mi raccomando " " Vuoi tu nulla " ?— F., G. 

Quattro cose difficili : cuocer un uove, far il letto al cane insegnar 
ad un Fiorentino, e servir ad un Venetiano. — T. (G. omits 
the last.) 

Raviggioli Fiorentini. — G. (Little cheeses made of goat's milk.) 
See Puglia. 

Mangiar alia Fiorentina. i.e. poco e pulito. — T. 

II Fiorentino mangia si poco e si pulito 
che sempre si conserva I'appetito. — G. 

De trois choses le Fiorentini fait fricassee. — Straff. 

Fiorentini ciechi, Senesi matti 

Pisani traditori, Lucchesi signori. — G. 

Chi vuol ben principiare una cosa, vada al Fiorentino. — S. 

Fiorentin mangia fagioli, 
6 volevan li Spagnuoli, 
li Spagnuoli son venuti, 
Fiorentin becchi cornuti. 

i.e. when the Infante Don Carlo was summoned in 1752. — G. 
And see Venezia. 
Fiorentin per tutto, 
Roman distrutto. — G. See Bergamo. 

I Fiorentini son cattive doghe da botte ed i Veneziani sono 
buone. — F., G. 



Legge Fiorentina 

Fatta ta sera a guasta la maltina. — Giani. 

Donato Giannotti, Trattato della Repub. Fiov., II., ch. i8. 

Quelli difficilmente s'uniscono, e questi (come le buone doghe) 
si combaciano molte insieme, cosi da fare la citta forte. — G. 

Lotto, lusso lussuria e Lorenesi 
quattro. L' ch, han rovinato i miei paesi. — G. 
(al tempo della Reggenza Lorenese ) 

Firenze la bella ha molti mercanti 
ma co' suoi balzelli li rovina tutti quanti. — Straff. 
also Co' Medici un quattin facea per sedici : dacche. 

Abbiamo la Lorena, 
se si desina non si cena. — G. 
(contro la Reggenza Lorenese.) 

Gl' accoppiatori e le borse a mano 

hanno difeso le palle e il piano. — Detto del Dei (Medici), who 
made their way by fraudulent electioneering. — Gotti. 

Stai a bottega e tiene col Palagio, avrai gli ufficii a Firenze. i.e. la 

parte di chi ha il romajolo in mano, fattelo amico. — Gotti. 
Palle e gruccia 
Beato chi lesuccia. 

Le palle insegna de' Medici ; la gruccia dello 
Spedale di S. Maria Nuova. 

Delto degli aderenti e favoriti di casa Medici e di chi avea 

mano inpasta uelle amministrazioni degli Ospedali. — 

G., 84. 

A Firenze per avere uffizii bisogna avere bei palazzo e stare a 

bottega. — G. 

(La Repubblica era governata da una patriziato di bottegai.) 

Firenze Suburbs. See Fiesole. 

Star a Bello-squardo. To stand at ease, looking about one. — T. 
Commosso come I'hermo di Camaldoli. — F., G. 
(The convent in the Appennines, S. of Florence.) 

Alia Certosa 

e un cert' uso 

chi vi va e non ha fretta, 

tocca un pane e una mezzetta. — G. 

Chi va alia Certosa e non ha fretta 
quadagna un pane et una mezetta. — Torr. 

Quando Monte Morello ha il cappello 
villan predi il mantello. — Giani. 

Portar frasconi a Vallombrosa. — Straff, i.e. firewood. 

A San Miniato 

o tira vento; o suona a magistrate. — Gotti. 

Chi non ha moneta 

non vada all'Impruneta. — G. 

i.e. the fair at the village of that name, 7 m. from Florence, 
on the Siena road. 



FiuMALBA [near Modena]. 

Portar tavole a Fiumalba. — Straff. 
FoLiGNO [15 m. N. of Spoleto]. 

Centre del carso immenso. — Giani. 

Andar a Fuligno cioe a fune e legno. — F., G. i.e. the gallows. 
or Filigno (filo e legno). — T. 

Ben mi ha detto il mutto [mutus] di Foligno. — B. 

Perche si dicono Cuccagnai. Spiegazioni di questa qualifica- 

zione proverbiale data a quei de Foligno. — In II Topino, 

Foligno, I Mar., 1S85. 

FoNDi [12 m. N.W. of Gaeta]. 
Corteggiane a Fondi. — T. 

Far come la balestra Furlana.*' i.e. ferire tanto gl'amici [cross- 
bow] quanto li nimici. — T. 

* Furlano for Friulano, Venetian dialect. 
Furlano salti'mbanco. — T. 
Furlano buona carne. — T. 
Beccar nel buso della mostarda Furlana. i.e. servirsi di merda 

invece di impiastro, anche voler esser Edometa. — T. 
Tre cose vanta il Friuli : i prosciutti di San Daniele, le mummie 
di Venzon e i fringuelli di Pordenon. — Straff. 

Andar in Friuli. — F., G. 
FucECCHio [18 m. W. of Florence]. 

Tanto e a dir pennecchio 
quanto ladro a Fucecchio. 

(Nella terra F" e grande industria di lini.) — G. 

FuMONE [7 m. N.N.W. ot Frosinone]. 

Quando Fumone fuma, trema la campagna. — Giani. 

FusiNA [4 m. W.S.W. of Venice, on the Brenta Canal] . 

Fusina, Conca e Lova 
guai chi vi si trova. — Giani. 

Garbo. See San Martino, Chiavari. 


Genova la superba. — F., G. 

V. Bergamo, la reale la nobil citta. — Tasso. 

Genova prende 

e non rende. — G. See Lerici. 

Genova Aria senza uccelli, marina senza pesce, montagna senza 
legna, huomini senza rispetti, e donne senza vergogna. — 
F., 2d Fv. 

Montague senza legna. Mar senza pesce, Donne senza amore, 
e molti mercatanti senza fe. — L., p. 21. 

Genova per taglioline, lasagne, maccaroni. — T. 

Genovese aguzzo, piglialo caldo. — G. 



Far come i Genovesi che ingravidano le mogli cento meglia da 

lontano. — F., G. 
Le monache di Genova tornan dal bagno, e poi domandano 

licentia alia Badessa. — F., G. 

Prender la licenza delle massare di Genoa, i.e. ask leave of 
yourself. — T. 

To be poor, painted and proud is as common in Genoa as felt 
and feathers in the Fortunate Islands. — J. Day, Law 
Tricks, ii. 

Nave Genovese e mercante Fiorentino. — G. 
A fuia di zeneixi a dua trei giorni. — Staglieno. 
L'arme di Genova : Corona nobilium, crux populi, griphi nota- 
riorum. — Giovh. dagli Erud., iv. 293. 

Se Zena no piggia Zena, tutto a mundo no pocu piggia Zena. — 

When a Jew meets with a Genoway ... he puts his fingers 
to his eyes. — Ho., Inst, for For. Trav., p. 41. 1642. 

Ferd. Have I lived in Genoa where the Jews come laughing in 
and go crying out, as having met with greater Jews than 
themselves, and do you think I shall not be able to deal 
with him ? I warrant ye ! — J. Wilson, The Projectors, iii. 

Non e si volubile Vertunno, ne si spessi mutasi il vento come 

sinueta il capo d'un Genovese. — L., p. 39. 
A fare un Genovese 

ci vogliono sette Ebrei e un Fiorentino. — Giani. 
Adieu, Genes detestable ! 
adieu, sejour de Plutus, 
si le cial m'est favorable 
je ne te rever hai plus. — Montesquieu. 

Pasta de Genova. — Tom. 
Veluto di tre pele. — L., p. 41. 

Grosseto [40 m. W.S.W. of Siena]. 

la mal sana. — Giani. 

Grosseto ingrossa, Batignano fa la fossa, Paganico sotterra 
I'ossa. — G , '84. 

Esser da Grossetto. i.e. da poco e di poco cervello == to be a 
threepenny customer, a blockhead, — T. 

Gu&rdati dall' aria di Grosseto, di Piombino, di Pisa, di 
Sinigallia, di Macerata, d'Arimino, di Cervia e di Pesaro. 
— L., p. 8. 


Giammai 1' Insulano habbi per compagno. — F., G. 


Reca tre vasi inghirlandati e colmi 

Del vin che onora Posilippo ed Ischia. — Chiabrera. 



IsoLA (d'Elba). 

Ne muli, ne molini, ne compari dell 'Isola,ne mogliedi Piombino. 

The last is on the coast of Tuscany, opposite Elba and in the 


Leva-robbe son da Istri. — T. Perhaps Istria, on the N.E. side 
of the Adriatic (plunderers). 

Jesi [i6 m. W.S.W. of Ancona]. 

Jesi e Valdecchiano 

il miglior grano. — Straff. 


Bei lini da Jorzi. — T. 

Lago di Garda. 

Lago di Garda e bocca di Celina 

porta spesso la rovina. — PasquaHgo, Prov. Venete. 

Lanciano [13 m. S.E. of Chieti]. 

Trovarsi tardi alia fiera di Lanciano, che dura un anno e tre 
di = to be an idle, slow, lazy person. — T. 

Legnaia. a Western suburb of Florence and market-garden. 

Portar poponi a Legnaia. — T. 

cavoli . . . . — Straff. 

Lerici [5 m. E.S.E. of Spezia]. The follov^^ing inscription over the 
gate of the castle was carried off in triumph in 1256 by the 
Genoese : 
Scopa bocca al Zenoese 
crepa cuore al Porto Venerese, 
strappa Corsello al Lucchese. — Hare, The Rivievas. 


Lezzeno della mala fortuna 

d'estate senza sol, d'inverno senza luna. 

On the E. shore of Lake Como, S. of Bellagio. In an alcove 
at the foot of a dark mountain at the deepest part of the 

Lignacco [? Legnago, 22 m. S.E. of Verona on the Adige]. 

Fortezza di Lignacco. — T. 

LivoRNO bel Porto. — T. la commerciale. — Giani. 

LoDi [19 m. S.E. of Milan]. 

Speise, kase zu Lodi 
bessern lindest du nie. — Hes. 

Ogni uno volontiere passa da Lodi. — T. A play on lode, praise. 


Lombardia coccagna (land of plenty). — T. 

La Lombardia e il giardino del mondo. — F., 1st Fv. 

La Lombardia e il cimitero dei Tedeschi e dei Francesi. — Straff. 




Lombardo buon-compagno. — T. 

Ringraziar alia Lombarda. i.e. senza il lecchetto delle cere- 
monie. — P. 

Ringratiar alia Lombarda. i.e. licentiarsi alia buona di Dio. — T. 
Cenar alia Lombarda. i.e. dove si cena si dorme ancora. — T. 
Cenar da prete di Lombardia 
mangiar ben bene e del meglio che vi sia. — T. 

Las Lombars selon leurs usages 
sont foulx a force d'estre saiges. 

Anc. Theat. Fran., ii. 214; Bib. Elze. 

The Lumbard nation untrue of deed and word 
And little Brytayne is all of like assent. 

Barclay, Ship of Fools, li. 308. 
Le bon Dieu nous garde 
d'una femme qui se farde, 
de la fureur des Picards, 
et de la morsuredes Lombards. — StrafF. 
Les graces du Lombard, trois dez sur la table. — Straff. 
Boucon du Lombard. — Straff. 

LoRETo [13 m. S. by E. of Ancona]. 

la divota. — Giani. 

Divotion di Loreto. — T. 

Santa Casa di Loreto. — T. 

A Loreto 

tanto va lo zoppo che il dritto. — Giani. 

Chi e stato a Loreto e non a Sirolo 

ha veduto la madre ma non il figliuolo.— Straff. 

Chi vede Loreto e non San Nicol 
vede la madre e non il figliuol. — T. 

Lucca. See Firenze, Napoli, Leprici, Pisa, Toscana [o ti comprai]. 

A Lucca gente industriosa. — F., G. 

A Lucca ti vidi, a Pisa ti conobbi. — F., G. 

rividdi^iron. A riyedersi. — Tom. 
Luca buon oglio. — T. 
Raso Lucchese (satin). — L., p. 41. 

Far come i pifari da Luca che andaron a sonare e furono 
^ sonati. — F., G. 

Haver il naso sopra della bocca, come hanno i Lucchesi. — T. 
i.e. to be made as other folks are. — T. 

Keusch wie eine Luccheserin. — Hes. 

Figurino di Lucca- Bambino di Lucca, faccia che mello sua 
regolarita dice poco, intirizzita. Gassi di Lucca, figurine 
di gesso. — Tom. 

Monta qui, tu vedrai Lucca Dicevasi a Firenze a fanciuUi. 
See Pisa. 



Forse dai viaggi che i Lucchesi in lontane parti fanno. — Tonu 
Hier wird das Italienische gar lieblich gesprochen. — Hes. 

Macerata [22 m. S.E. of Ancona]. See Grosseto. 

Esser de Macerata. i.e. esser magrentino, sottile, asciutto, 
smilzo, quanto si possa essere. — T. A play on macer, inacerare. 

Malamocco [9 m. S.S.E. of Venice]. j;. 

Allegri ! il diavolo e morto a Malamocco. — T. 

Da Malamocco a Pavia 

vi son cento miglia. — P. (An island S. of Venice.) 

Malo. [10 m. N.W. of Vicenza]. 
Tre oche e un gallo 
Fanno il mercato di Malo. — Giani. 


Esser una alfana di Mambrino. i.e. una femina di smisurata 
grandezza. — T. Cf. A. horse godmother, 

Manfredonia [22 m. N.E. of Foggia, under Monte Gargano, 011 the 
Suonar come le campane di Manfredonia " Dammi e dotti ; 
da a me, ed io daro a te." — T. 


la forte, la gloriosa. — Giani. 

Fave di Mantova, meli di Bologna e fichi Ferraresi. — F. 

Fave Mantovani. — F., G. 

Calce di seta fatte con laco ed altri lavori doro e di seta. — L., p. 41 . 

Mantova, asito dei falliti. — T. 

Andar a star a Mantova. Cf. To be in Queer Street, i.e. in or 

near bankruptcy. 
Correr come i cavalli di Mantova. i.e. sempre in posta. — T. 
Mantovani ballerini. — T. 


putane o rufliane. — B. 

Un Milanese e un Mantovano se ne vergognerebbe. — F,, G. 


Ma che vidi io nella Marca di meniorabile ? 
Vidi bere il vin colto, mangiar il pan crudo, e la carne dirupata. — 
L., p. 15. 

Marche. (The marches of Ancona.) 
Fregare alia Marchiana. — F., G. 

Esser una Marchiana. i.e. una guasta dal mal Francese. — T. 
Far a chi la dice piu Marchiana. i.e. le piu grosse bugie. — T. 
Bugia Marchiana. — F., G. 
Dire una Marchiana. — F., G. 

T. says that these all are a play on marcio = fracido, guasto. 




In Maremma si arrichisce in un anno e si muore in sei mesi. — 

Dio ne scampi i cani. — G. 

Febre Maremmana. — Tom. 

Triovarsi un cavallo Mariano, i.e. cavello focoso e dicesi d'un 
cavallo baldanzoso, che nell andar porte la testa = un huonio 
o donna che habbino il cervallo stravolto. — T. 

Marino [13 m. S.E. of Rome]. 
CipoUe di Marino. — T. 

Marradi [N.E. of Florence, N. side of Apennines]. 
A Marradi seminan fagioli e nascono ladri. — Gotti. 

Massa Marittima [22 m. N.W. of Grosseto, in the Maremma]. 


saluta e passa : 

chi troppo ci sta, la pelle si lassa. — G., who says that it is now 
pretty healthy. 


Vantia. — Giani. 

Messina. See Palermo. 
La nobile. — Giani. 

A Messina assai polvere, pulci e puttane. — F., G. 
Bei correnti di Messina [currents]. — T. 

i.e. the Straits. 

MiLANo. See Modena. 

Milano grande. — F.,2dFr. 

Milano la grande, Vinegia la ricca, Genova la superba, 

Bologna la grassa, Firenze la bella, Padova la dotta, 

Ravenna I'antica, Roma la santa. — G. 

la grande. — T. 

la ricca. — Giani. 

Ducato di Milano. — T. 

Armava per altri tempi cento mila cavaglieri e chiamavasi La 

seconda Roma. — L., p. 25. 
Milah puo far, Milan puo dir, ma non puo far d'aqua vino. — F., G. 
La paura non si puol armar con tutto Milano. — B. 
Di questi chi pagano alia vincita di Milano. — F., G. 
Questo e quel che fa Milano. — T. 
Cosi si fa a Milano. — T. 
Esser come il Duomo di Milano che mai si finisce. — T. 

The English say " Paul's work." — T. 
Un Milanese e un Mantovano se ne vergognerebbe.— F., G. 



Corsaletti, celade, aghi, sonagli, stametto, sargia pannata. — 

L., p. 42. 
Milan assia busecche [chitterlings.] — T. 

Vi volse tutto Milano per far bevere un asino. — B, Hes. 

Nur zu Mailand kann man seinem leibe etwas zu gut thun. 

Chi volta il culo a Milan 

10 volta al pan. — Giani. 

Obra de Milan : veeme y no me tangas. — Perceval, Span. Gram., 

C'est le ducil de Milan 
les plus joyeux iront avant — De Navorscher, xii. 222. 

11 n'est Comte que de Flandres, Duche que de Milan, Royaume 

que de France. — Straff. 
Tres Principatus Optimi : Regnum Galliae, Ducatus Mediolani, 
Comitatus Belgiffi Flandriae. — Tr., 47 ro. 

I buoni Milanesi (han gusto a banchettare). — Alfieri. 

Wer Italien helfen will muss Mailand curiren, 

wer Italien will befriedigen, muss Mailand ruiniren [erniedrigen]. 

The first on account of its commerce, the last its disastrous 
wars. — Berckenmeyer . 
Margenburg* ex luto, Ofen ex saxo, ex marmore Mayland. — 
Berckr., i. 659. 

* Marienburg, in Prussia. 

MoDENA. 5^^ Fano, Parma. 

Menar I'orso a Modona. — F., G. (Una difficil impresa. — T.) 
(Impresa non ne trarre onore ne guadagno, perche degli orsi ce 
n'era sugli Appennini assai. — Tom.) 

Maschera da Modona. — F., G. 

Umor da Modona. — F., G. 

Belle maschere e rozzelle di Modena. — T. 

Rotelle e maschere. — L., p. 41. 

Modena un porcile. — G. See Parma. 

Va a Modena per ingrassarti. — B. 

Valente come il Potta [Podesta] di Modena, chi seminava le 
fave a Cavallo. — F., 2d. F. 

O che Potta* da Modona !— F., G. 

o che cazzo da Reggio ! — F., G. 

* Potta is short for Podesta, and also something else. 
Haver del Modonese. i.e. non esser geloso, [un po simpliciotto 
e buonaccio. — T.] ; O esser matto. — F., G. 

Modena e an citta di Lombardia 

Ove si smerda ogni fedel Cristiano 

Che s'abbatte a passar per quella via — Tassoni. 

Tres Coronae imponuntur Imperatori cum in Italiam coronatur: 
Unam Modontiae ex palea, Unam Mediolani ferream, Aliam 
Romae auream. — Tr., 43. 



MoNFERRATo [3 m. N.W. of Prato]. 
Dove son due Monfin 
due ladri e un assassin. 

A Lombard saying of the " Monferratesi o Monferrini." — G. 
Montaigne [near Massa in the Maremma]. 
Montaione e Montaio 
ne penna ne calamaio. — S. 
Sterile places. 


Seta di Mont'alto, la quale e piii forte della Messinessa. — 
L., p. 41. 

MoNTEBELLO [lo m. S.W. of Vicenza], 

Tre donne e un corbello 

fanno il mercato di Montebello. — Giani. 

MoNTECuccoLO [22 m. S.S.W. of Modena]. 

Far come la gallina di Montecuccoli, che mangiava I'ovo prima 
che se lo facesse. To squander an estate before one comes 
of age. — T. 
Cf. To eat the calf in the cow's belly. 
MoNTEFALGo [14 m. N.W. of Spoleto]. 

Testimonio di Montefalco. i.e. testimonio appostato da guirar 
il falso. i.e. a knight of the post. 

MoNTEFiASCONE [9 m. N. of Viterbo]. 

A Montefiascone buon moscadino. i.e. wine of Muscat 
grape. — T. 

MoNTELUPO [12 m. W.S.W. of Florence, on the Arno], 

Da Montelupo si vede Capraia 

Cristo fa le coppie a poi I'appaja. — Dani. 

MoNTEMURLO [near Florence]. 

Darsi di Montemorello in capo i.e. freneticarsi. — T. 
Cercar i pesci in Montemorello. i.e. cercar spropositi. — T. 
Come le starne di Montemorello, che si pascevano di ruggida 
cioe de paiabras. — T. 

MoNTEPULCiANO [26 m. S.E. of Siena]. 

Montepulciano d'ogni vino e il Re. — Redi, Bacco in Toscana. 

Se chiedi oggi chi regna, Regna Montepulciano. — Chiabrera. 
MoNTES*PERTOLi [near Florence]. 

Esser da Montespertoli i esser pratico assai. — T. 
MuRANO [a suburb of Venice]. 

Viva Morano. — T. (A play on the word " muore.") 

Bei cristalli e bicchieri di Murano. — T. 
Napoli. See Roma, Firenze, Salerno. 

Napoli gentile. — Fl., 2d Fr. 

la fidelissima. — Giani. 



la popolosa.— Giani. 

e signorile. — T. 

un Paradiso habito da diavoli. — Ho. 

Napoli Paradiso ma habitato poi da . . . [diavoli]. — T. 

Cav. Fiorenzi ha salutevole [consolevole], I'aqua, la terra e 
I'etera. — D. Fagio Vedi Napoli e mori. — Tom. Vedi 
Venezia eccetera. — Goldoni, Torq. Tasso, v. 13. 

Nascere in Spagna, vivere in Firenze e morire in Napoli. — Dani. 

Anche altrove che nel Canipo di Napoli si truova Bari. — P. 

Bari means Constables, and also is the name of a city on the 

Compere de la Pouille 

couste et despouille. — Cotgrave. 

i.e. first feeds on and then strips you. A part of Naples whose 
inhabitants are held very dangerous in conversation. 

largo di bocca, stretto di mano. — F., G. 

Dir come disse lo Napolitano. " Qui ; taglia me ne un rottolo." 
— T. [Qui me ne taglia un ruotolo. —P.] 

Napolitani, mangia broccoli. — T. 
Napoli e il inferno dei cavalli. — Giani. 

Esser come i cavalli di Napoli. i.e. ignorante, e che hanno le 
lettere nelle chiappe. — T. i.e. the owner's initials. 

Parlar come quel del Regno, i.e. far I'ignorante, con dire 

*' Non saccio niente." — T. 
La donna mi fece un inchino tutto Napolitanizzato, tutto pro- 

fumato, tutto Cleopatresco. — F., 2d Fr. 

Nothing so long of memory as a dog : these Italians are old 
dogs, and will carry an injury a whole age in memory. It 
is grown to a common proverb, " I '11 give him the 
Neapolitan shrug," when one means to play the villain 
and make no boast of it. — T. Nash, Unf. Travr.,L. 3. 1594. 

Tre persone ragionano eccessivamente delle loro patria : 
Napolitano, Veronese, e Lucchesi. -Tr., f. 57 ro. 

Wenn das Konigreich Neapel in fiinf Theile getheilt wiirde, so 
wurde man finden, dass vier Theile den Pfaffen gehoren. — 

NapoH e il giardino dell' I taUa.— Straff. 

la prima citta del mondo. — Straff. 

bella e sua popolazione cortese. — Straff. 

pare caduta dal cielo. — Straff. 

un pezzo di cielo caduto in terra. — Giani (Sannazaro). 

Portami da Napoli dell' opre che fanno que setaiuoli, ispetial- 
mente strenghe, capelli e borse fatte con I'aco. — L., p. 41. 

Fare la Napolitana. When the tray, deuce, and ace of a suit 
are found in the same hand at cards. — Tom. 



Ci vogliono tre. — F. per tener quieto il Napolitano, Farini, 
Festini, Forca. — Giani. 

Legge Napolitana 

dura una settimana. — Giani. 

Esser caviglier da Napoli. i.e. che habbia il mal Francese, 

concioche se Vadossine I'un all' altro. — T. 
The Neapolitans say " Naples commits the sin, but Torre must 

pay for them." i.e. Torre del Greco and Torre dell' 

Annunziata suffer from the eruptions of Vesuvius. — Jul. 

Stinde, The Biichholzes in Italy. Berlin, 1886. 

Nardo [prov. Lecce, 8 m. N.N.E. of GalHpoU]. 

Bambagina di Nardo. — L., p. 41. 
Nervi [12 m. E. of Genoa]. 

When the snow lies for three days on Monte Fino (the promon- 
tory bounding on the E. the Bay of Chiavari) there will be 
three more falls during the winter. 

NizzA I'amena. — Giani. 

NoGARA [10 m. E. of Mantua]. 

Legno di Nogara 

fa desperar la massara. — T. 

Also of a nut-tree which burns not well. 

NoRCiA [10 m. E. of Spoleto]. 

Esser piu crudele della gente di Norcia [che castrano]. — T. 

Cava coioni son li Norcini. — T. 

Norcino di cette faccie, e otto se bisognano. — G. 

Guardati de I'andar in Norsia, Cassia, e Visse,''^' 

per che Dio li maledisse. — L., p. 8. 

* Three villages in the Umbrian Apennines. 

NovARA [27 m. W. of Milan]. 

Novara centre di grandi strade. — Giani. 

Oristano [Sardinia]. 

Who goes to Oristano stays at Oristano. i.e. dies of fever. 

Callar para encallar 

y Oristan para emprehar. — N. See Cagliari. 

Ortignano [on the Upper Arno, near Bibbiena]. 

A Ortignano 

chi Hon e birro non e Cristiano. — G. 

Orvieto [60 m. N.N.W. of Rome]. 

Orvieto chi ci trova da far ben, non va ne inanzi ne in drieto. — T. 
Orvieto, bel pozzo. — T. 


Ostia [14 m. W.S.W. of Rome]. 

Dir "A rivederci a Ostia." i.e. alia prima Laccia, alia prima 
occasione. " Laccia is a sort of fish called Cherm in 
England, and in Italy by another name, Alosa." — T. 



Otranto [in the heel of Italy, S.E. of Brindisij. 
Otrantese sospettoso.— T. 

Padova. See Venezia. 
Padoa la dotta. — T. 
Padoa bello studio. — T. 
Padua ist die mutter Venedigs. — Wan. 
Pan Padovano, vin Vincentino, carne Furlana formaggio 

Piacentino, trippe Treviggiane e donne Venetiane. — 

F., 2d F. 

Pan Padoan, vin Vincentin, trippe Triviggiani e puttane 
Venetiani. — T. 

Wiisst ich's nicht in Asia 

so suchte ich's in Padua. — Hes. 

Said by Paradise on account of the beautiful neighbourhood. 

Bei capelli di Padoa. — T. (Hats.) 

Sargia cotonata, berette leggerissime, guanti e galline Padovane. 

— L., p. 42. 
Esser una barca di Padoa. i.e. una confusione, una Babilonia 

concioche in essa vi siano d'ogni sorte di gente e d'ogni 

nazione. — T. 

Padovani e Vicentini 

ladri o assassini. — Giani. 

Far come i giudici da Padoa. i.e. che per parer savii si davano 
la sentenza incontra (against themselves). — T. 

A Padova i giudici danno la ragione ad ambe le parti. — G. 

1 Padovani impiccan I'asino. — F., G. 

This being the banner of Vicenza, an ass, the Paduans in a 
friendly melee suspended it on the gallows. — Cantii. 
Count Algarotti (friend of Frederic the Great), called the 
Swan of Padua." — Hes. 

Pagan ICO (in the Maremma). See Grosseto. 


La felice. — Giani. 

Bei giardini di Palermo. — T. 

La Concha d'Oro. 

Se Palermo avesse un porto 

Messina saria un orto. — Giani. 


La graziosa. — Giani. 
Parma buon cascio. — T. 

Filar come il cascio Parmiggiano. i.e. esser grasso bene e filare, 
come una pruovatura. (A little round cheese made of 
buffalo's milk and sold in Rome.). — T. 

Che ha da far il Marzolino col Parmiggiano ? —T. (Cheeses 
not to be named together.) 





Reggio gentile 

e Modena un porcile. — G. 

Pavia. See Malamocco. 
La gran Certosa. — T. 
Pavia buono studio. — T. 
Delle cento torri. — Giani. 
Insegnar la via 
per andar a Pavia. — B. 

Peretola. See Brozzi. 


Buon Moscatello di Perugia. — T. 

Buon soldato Perugino. — F., 2d Fr. 

Far di quel Perugino che subito che gli fu rotto il capo, corse a 
casa per la celata (helmet). — T. ; Ho. 

Monsignor, non tanta fretta 
Che a Perugia c'e I'acquetta. 

(A threat of using the famous poison invented in a convent 
in Perugia.) 

Pesaro [19 m. N.E. of Urbino, on the Adriatic]. Sec Grosseto. 
Ein feigen garten.— Hes. 

Peschiera [20 m. N.N.W. of Mantova]. The N.W. fortress of 
«' the Quadrilateral." 

Son da Peschiera e so pescare 
ma se io vo del pesce me'l convien comprare. — T. 
(A play on words.) 

Pescia. The Buratino (a famous wine). 

Egli e il vero oro potabile 

Che mandar suole in esilio 
Ogni male irremediable 
Egli e d'Elena il nepente 
Che fa stare il mondo allegro 
Dai pensieri Foschi e neri 
Sempre sciolto e sempre esente. — Redi. 

Pesto [prov. Salerno]. 

Quando canta la cicala, a Pesto c'e la febbre. — Giani. 

PiACENZA [36 m. W.N.W. of Parma]. 
La mesta. — Giani. 
Piacenza buon formaggio. — T. 
Chi vuol regnar, prima vada a Piacenza, poi a Sesto. — T. 

Sesto is a place in the Florentine State, and by Piacenza is 
meant clemency and meekness. — T. 

Andar piu volontieri a Piacenza et a Lodi che a Verona, i.e. 
voler anzi piacere e lodare che dire la verita. — T. 



Ogn'un ha a caro che si passi da Piacenza. — T. 
(All these are merely playing on words.) 

Placentiae vivit, non Veronae. Hee loveth to flatter more than 
speak true. — Clarke, Phras. Ptierilis, 2d Ed., p. 8g. 1650. 
Piazza [17 m. E.S.E. of Caltanisetta, in Sicily]. 

L'opulentissima. — Giani. From the abundance of rich produce. 
PiEMONTE. See Sardegna. 

Piemontesi conquassati (shattered). — T. 

Piemonte e la sepoltura dei Francesi. — Giani. 
PiGNONE (prov. Geneva) [ — m. from Savona]. 

O gente del Pignone, gente acquatica 

maledetto voi altri e chi vi pratica. — Dani. 
PiOMBiNO [on the Tuscan coast, opposite Elba]. See Ferrara, 

Grosseto, and Isola. 
PiRANO [on the Adriatic, S.W. of Trieste]. See Trieste. 
Pisa. See Lucca, Grosseto, Firenze, Toscana. 

La morta. — Giani. 

Buon biscotto di Pisa. — T. 

Buoni cantucci di Pisa. — T. (Slim wine-biscuits.) 

Pisa pesa per chi posa. Allude alia pesantezza dell' aria. 

Pisana : avere i Pisani, e aver sonno. — G. 

Esser piij vano che una canna alia Pisano. i.e. hollow, without 

pith.— T. 
Far la cena alia Pisana. i.e. cenar e dormire in un istesso luoco, 

statsene allegramente. — T. 

Haver il soccorso di Pisa. i.e. quando e fornita la guerra. — T. 
(un aiuto che viene quando non c'e piu tempo. — Tommaseo.) 
You and your pleas and proofs were what folk call Pisan 
assistance, aid that comes too late. — R. Browning, Ring 
and the Book, xii. 

Tres Civitates situ celeberrimae apud antiques Romanos : 
Cartago, Capua, Corinthum. Tres nostro tempore : 
Byzanthium, Roma, Pisa. — Tr., f. 48, lo. 

Essere come i ladri di Pisa, che di giorno si leticano, e la notte 
vanno a rubare insiemi (de' tristi che sotto sotto se la 
intendono. — Tommaseo.) 

Non c'e niente di dritto a Pisa. — Giani. 

Monta qui, tu vedi Pisa. Dicevasi per atto di giuoco a fanciulli ; 

Quando volevansi far montare su un muricciuolo, o sopra una 
seggiola. — Tommaseo. 

Si che i Pisani veder Lucca non ponno. — Dante. 

Mezzo dormendo ancor domando " Piove? " — Alfieri. 
PiSTojA [21 m. N.W. of Florence]. See Toscano. 

Lucerne di Pistoja. — T. 

Mannarini Pistolesi. — G. Young fat sheep. See Puglia. 

Esser da Pistoja (pistone, a pedestrian). — T. 



Il Po. 

II Po non sarebbe il Po [ci mettesser co (capo). — G.] 

se Adda e'l Tessin non vi niettessero il co. — T. 

Far piu rami che il Po in Lombardia (of a subdividing, dis- 
cursive talker). — T. 

La catene tengon i molini sul Po e sul Tevere, e non terrebber 
i cervelli volante degli huomini. — T. 

I pioppi (poplars) del Po lagrimano ambra. — T. 

La merla ha passato il Po (the downhill of age). — T. 

Le son cose que passano il Po : quand'altri importunamente 
doinanda : "E po ? " per eel. rispondono. " Dopo il Po 
viene I'Adige." — Tom. 

PoNTE A RiFREDO [4 kil. W. of Florence]. 

La compagnia di Ponte a Rifredo, pochi e mal I'accordo. — G. 
PoNTEDERA [13 m. E.S.E. of Pisa]. See Cascina. 
Poppi [on the Upper Arno] . 

Star piii adaggio che il conte in Poppio. — T. 
Bandi da Poppi, per chi si e per chi no [partial]. — P. 
PoRDENONE [28 m. W.S.W. of Udine]. See Friuli. 
PoRTo Venere. See Venezia and Lerici. 
PozzuoLi [6 m. W.S.W. of Naples]. 
Pozzuoli belle anticaglie. — T. 
Galeotti Puzzuolani [good watermen] . — T. 
Prato [9 m. N.W. of Florence]. 

La migliore lattughe sono a Prato. — Straff. 
A Paremo dunque come fanno a Prato. — S. E come fanno a 
Prato quando piove ? A Lasciano piovere e stanno in casa. 
— F., 2d Fr., v. See note to Malmantile, i. 189. 
Non esser ancora sera a Prato. i.e. avvanzar ancora tempo 
alia vendetta. — T. 
Cf. An Irish game hath an Irish trick. — T. 

A Prato c'e piia preti che a Pistoja* staia [bushels] . — G. 

* porci. — Giani. 
lo son di Prato 

e voglio esser rispettato. — Archiv. T. P. jf., ii. 443. 
I Cavalieri Pratesi sono come i corbelli che hanno la croce nel 

culo. (Cesta rotonda tessuta di strisce di legno col fondo 

piano). — P. Fanfani, Vocabol: 


La mezzina di Santa Maria di Pruneto. i.e. una misura smi- 
surata, grandissima. The English say Water-measure or 
London measure, a handful above their fellows. — T. 

PuGLiA. See Abruzzo. 
Pan de PugHa. — T. 
E grassa come una Puglia. — Ho. 

VOL, I. 321 21 


Puglia assai mosche. — T. 
Portar mosche in Puglia. — T. 
Esser come morir una moscha in Puglia. — T. 
Barletta in Puglia. — T. A famous fortress. 
Compare di Puglia 
costa caro e poi ti spoglia. — P., G. 

Compar di Puglia. i.e. dove I'un tien con I'altro.— T. [L'un 
tiene e I'altro spoglia. — Giani.] 

Che ? saresti mai fra Frario, compar di Puglia ? — F., G. 

Credersi che non ci fossero altri asini in Puglia. i.e. ingannarsi 

ale'engrosso. — T. 
cento per forca^' e un per paese. — G. 

* forno. i.e. den Bauch. — Giani. 
Chi vuol provar le pene dell' Inferno 
la state in Puglia e all' Aquilaf di verno. — G. 
i' Aquila is in the Central Apennines. 

Haver bisogno di Scamonea di Puglia e Rhabarbero di Levante. 
i.e. star per piglia medecina e purgarsi. — T. 

Ruiscir una Puglia. i.e. una Coccagna, paese abbondatessima. — T. 

Castroni Pugliesi, mannarini Pistolesi, gran Siciliano, zucchero 
di Candia, cera Veneziana, magli Romaneschi, sproni 
Viterbesi, cacio di Creta, raviggioli Fiorentini. — G. 

Vedi in Puglia del stereo de' buoi far si il fuoco e scaldarsi 
i forni. — L., p. 12. 

Radicofani [on road from Siena to Rome, 36 m. S.S.E. of Siena]. 

Esser come Radicofani. i.e. haver sempre un po di fumo in 

capo, per esser cosi alto e quasi sempre annuvolato ; e 

decesi di qualche gran Personaggio o altro letterato, che sid 

pero scuro e capriccioso. — T. 

The castle of the robber knight, Gino di Tacco, was on the 

summit of the mountain, 2,470 feet above the sea. 

Addison (Remarks on Italy), in leaving the Papal States and 
entering Tuscany at Radicofani, says : " This savage 
prospect put me in mind of the Italian proverb, That the 
Pope has the flesh and the Great Duke the bones of Italy." 

Rapallo [14 m. E.S.E. of Genoa] . 

Far dell Boncio di Rapalle, i.e., chi bastonava la moglie e noi la 
voleva pettinare. (Make it up). — T. 


Ravenna la antica. — F., 2d Fr. 

Cercar Maria per Ravenna. — F., G. i.e. cercar malamente. — 
Tommaseo. To seek what we would not find. — T. 
It has been suggested that Maria was originally Mare in the 
proverb, and the invasions of the sea in Ravenna are 
alluded to. — L. 



Cosi si paga Sancti a Ravenna. — B. 
Esser bambino di Ravenna, i.e. che nacque barbuto. 
Dicesi d'un furbo o manigoldo, figliol del gran Diavolo. — T. 
Von Ravenna fliegen die raben. — Hes. 
Ravenna est von Esau erbaiet. — Hes. 
Recanati [4 m. S.W. of Loreto]. 

Recanati la lunga. — Giani. 
Reggio [15 m. W.N.W. of Modena]. Sec Modena and Parma. 
Reggio gentile. — G. 
Esser una razza da Reggio. i.e. un Villano Zottico. A very 

clown, peasant or country bumpkin. — T. 
Egli par d'esser il Caca di Reggio. A famous captain of the 

Ghibelline party. — Ho. 
Giunto in Reggio fornisceti di staffe, de speroni, e di quelle opre 

fatte di corno cioe calzatoi, discrirainali, corone, anella, 

pettini. — L., p. 41. 

Rezzo. Speroni di Rezzo. — T. 

Rimini [32 m. S.E. of Ravenna]. Oche di Rimini. — T. 

Roma. Sec Italia, Modena. 

Tria Romae nomina : Amarillis, Arethusa, Roma. — Tr., 43. 

Roma locuta est, causa finita est. 

Roma la santa, che gia fu regina ed hora e ancilla del mondo. — 
F., 2d Fr. 

Roma caput mundi 

e Napoli secundi. — -Dani. 

[regit orbis frena rotundi. — Berckr.] 

Roma caput mundi. — F. 
Venezia secundi. — Straff. 

Roma, Roma, Roma ! non e piu qual era prima. — Straff. 

Roma gia capo ma hora coda del mondo. — F., 2d Fr. 

Voler governar Roma e Romagna. i.e. tutto il mondo. — T. 

doma. — T. 


i vecchi ammazza et i giovani doma. — T. 

A Roma 

ogni matto si doma. — B. 

[Cane matto. — Gotti.] 

i.e. of the French occupation. 

Rom, hiite dich vor deni Hahne, wenn dieser kraht, weint 

Petrus ! — Wan. 
Roma o morte ! The cry of protest against the Papacy. 

Promettere Roma e Toma. — F., G. (Toma is a made word. — T.) 

i.e. mari e monti. 
Lui beveria Roma e Toma. — F., G. i.e. mari e monti. 



Roma e Toma mangiaria. — Roman e Toman ederet. — B. 

Papa Leone [X.] quel che non poteva aver donava. — Giani. 

Papa Sisto [V.] non la perdono neppure a Cristo. — Giani. 

Son santi i Papi, potente sono i Re, 

ma poscia nel cacare son tutti eguata a me. — D. 

Roma e Re convien servire. — F., G. 

Tanto morre o Papa 

como o que nao tern capa. — Pereyra, Ad. Portitg. 1655. 

Essere stato a Roma senza aver verduto il Papa. — Giani. 

Roma non fu fatta in un di. Rome was not built in one day. — 

J. Heywood. 
Unus Petrus est in Roma, 
unus torris in Cremona, 
unus portus in Ancona. — Giani. 
[e unus ceres in Racona. — StrafF. (Famous Bavarian beer. — 


Roma e pur del Papa. — T. 

Nuovo Papa nuovi amici. — Giani. 

lo son que, e il Papa e in Roma. — T. 

Sa piu il Papa e un contadino che il Papa solo. — Giani. 

Dove e il Papa, ivi e Roma. — T. 

Rey por natura 

Papa por ventura. — Bluteau, Voc. Portiig. 1712. 

Chi vuol veder il Papa, vada a Roma. — Giani. 

Roma Santa, popolo . — T. 

Del Papa, del Rey y de la Inquisicion, chiton, chiton. — Julian 
de Medrano Selva, Curiosa. 1583. 

Siamo a Roma v'e ? basta di questo. — T. 

Roma santa 

Aquila bella Napoli galante. — Straff. 

Roma non e matrigna 

A chi non traligna. i.e. keeps straight. — T. 

Roma non fu matrigna a nessuno. — P. 
Portar indulgenze a Roma. — Giani. 
Cf. To carry coals to Newcastle. 
Chi va a Roma e porta buon borsotto 
diventa Abbate o vescovo di botto. — F., 2d Fr. 

Cosi' si fa a gastigar lo sgherro 

Papa di sasso e Podesta di ferro. — Dani. 

I vescovi in Roma sono come i crocifissi in botega del legnaiuolo. 

— G. (ai quali nessuno si leva il cappello. — G.) 
A Roma ci vogliono tre cose : pane, panni e pazienza. — G. 

In Roma chi segue le fortune le fuggono e chi le aspetta le 
vengono. — F., G. 

Dizem en Roma 

que a molher fie a coma. — Bluteau, Voc. Portug. 



In Roma piu vale la corteggiana 
che la donna Romana. — F., 2d Fr. 
So viel Sterne am Himmel stehn 
so viel madchen in Roma gehn. — Hesekiel. 
Rom ist eine fromme stadt, da heist's ; so viel Kloster, so viel 
hiirenhauser. — Klosterspiegel. 

La Corte Romana 

non vuol pecore senza lana. — F., 2d Fr. 

pecora sana. — G. 
Denari fanno correr gli asini a Roma per beneficii. — F., G. 
Roma travagliata 

che chi ha bella moglie, vive d'entrata. — G. 
Die ItaHer sind unter alien Christen (die schlimmsten) und 

unter diesen die zu Rom die argsten. — Berckenmeyer. 
Roma veduta, fede perduta. 
De weg naer Rome gaat over Herrnhut. — Harrebomee, i, 306. 

From England by Oxford. 
Non importa andare a Roma per la penitenza. — G. 
Dov' e mio marito e Roma. — Tommaseo & Bellini, Dizionario. 
Hiite dich vor Rom 
willst du bleiben fromm. — Eiselein (i6th Centy.). 

Zu Rom thut man drei dinge nicht gern : Beten, Zahlen, und 
(am wege) Weichen. — Theatr. Diaholoriim, 3986. 1575. 

Nam ireis pel pendencia (quarrel) a Roma. Haud impune 
feres. — Pereyra. 1655. 

Roma, Roma, 

la que a los locos doma 

y a los cuerdos no perdona. — Nunez. 1555. 

Roma, a chi nulla in cent' anni, a chi molto in tre di. — G. '84. 

Lingua Toscana 

in bocca Romana [con grazia Pistojse]. 

Haver pigliato un Papalino per lo naso. i.e. to have got] the 
wrong sow by the ear, who "is no fool to be trepanned in 
the least." — T. Not a pigeon to be plucked. 

Pigliar vin papalino per lo naso. Significa tirar solto qualche 
buon peccione, poUastrone da lasciarsi cavare infin le 
penne matte Papalino e una spezie d'ucello, oggi chiamato 
pagoncino. Aleuni dicono Paolino ; altri pagelina. — P. 

Soldati del Papa 

otto a cavar una rapa. 

Senza ii sargente 

non son buoni a nicente. — Giani, Pasq. 

Camino de Roma, ni mula coxa, ni bolsa floxa. — N. 

Nel Ghetto degli Ebrei 

c'e pitturato lui e lei. — Dani. 

A Roma se va por bulas, por tobaco a Gibraltar, por niansanilla 
a San Lucar, y a Cadiz se va por sal. — De Nervo, Dictons 
et Prov. Par. 1S74. 



Donna Latina 

si da bel tempo la sera e la mattina. — Giani. 

A Roma por todo. — Nunez. 1555. 

Chi bee va a Roma 

bee se torna (Catalan). — Nunez. 1555. bee = cabron. — N. 

Bien se esta Sant Pedro en Roma. (Anaden algunos 

Si no le quitan la corona). — Nunez. 1555. 

Buscado la avia 

en Roma a Maria. — Nunez. 1555. 

El ruyn de Roma 

en mentando le luego assoma. — Nunez. 1555. 

quando le nombran luego assoma. — Percival, Dial., i. 1599. 

Dizen en Roma 

que la dama hile y coma. — Nunez. 1555. 

No ay hermosa 

sino toca en Roma. — Nunez. 1555. 

Quien a Roma va 

dineros Uevara. — Nunez. 1555. 

Una higa ay en Roma 

para quien le don y no toma. — Nunez. 1555. 

Tu vas a Rome querir ce que tu as a ton buys. — Tr. ; N. 

He that goeth not to Rome is not in danger of hell. — Draxe. 

He that goes first to Rome sees a bad man ; he that goes the 
second time meets with him ; he that goes the third time 
brings him home, — Help to Discourse, p. 336. 1648. 

See Italy. 
Qui semel it Romam vult istic querere nequam 
Qui bis it hunc reperit qui ter secum huncque reportat. 
No right at Rome. Bruta fulmina (Ingiustitia). — CI. 

A Roma dottori, a Napoli ladroni, a Genova scavezzi, a Milan 
tagliacantoni*, a Venezia forestieri, a Fiorenza scar- 
dassierif. — G. 

* Cutthroats. f Wool combers. 

Tre stanno bene in Roma : Commendatore di Santo Spirito, 
Generale de Domenicani, Generale de Giesuiti. — Tr., f. 56 ro. 

Ber vin di Ripa. i.e. vin basso ma gagliardo, vin Corso o di 

Corsica. — T. 
Fa ch' io trovi dell' acqua e non di fonte ; 
Di fiume si' che gia sei di veduto 
Non abbia Sisto, ne alcun altro ponte. 

Ariosto [directions to his brother]. 

If on leaving Rome you drink of the fountain of Trevi you will 
surely return to the City. 

If you pass three winters in Rome you will never winter else- 

S.P.Q.R. Senatus, populus que Romanus. A modern reading 
of these initials is " Sono porchi questi Romani." 



A Roman with a Roman's heart can suffer. — Shak., Cymb., v. 5. 

MagU Romaneschi. See Puglia. 

\\'er mittags in Rom wandelt in sonnenschein 

mus ein hund, ein narr, oder Franzose sein. — Hesekiel. 

Four F's to be avoided in Rome: Famina, frigus, fructus et 

femur. — Hes. 
Wer zu Rom leben will muss 3 T zu gebrauchen wissen : 

Tempo, Testa, Testoni h. e. Zeit, Verstand und gelt.— 

Berckr. [Experience, Wit and Money.] 
Jamais cheval ni mechant homme 
n'amende pour aller a Rome. 
Chi Roma non vede 
nulla non crede. — T. 

Ogni uno non e nato per andar a Roma. — F., G. 
A Roma si va per santita, a Napoli per allegria. — Giani. 

Chi bestia va a Roma, 
bestia torna. — T, 

Qui beste va a Rome 

tel en retourne. — Meurier. 1568. 

Que roim he en Roma 

roim he en Carmona*.— [Port.] Nunez. 1555. 

* Carmona, 18 m. N.E. of Sevilla. 
How much a dunce that has been sent to Rome [roam] 
Excels a dunce that has been kept at home 

Cowper, Progress of Error, 415. 

Chi lingua a 

a Roma va. — F., G. 

Qui langue a, 

a Rome va. — Meurier. 1568. 

Quien lengua ha 

a Roma va. — Lopez de Mendoza. 1508. 

Dimandando si va Roma. — P. 
Per molte strade si va a Roma. — F., G. 
A passo a passo si va a Roma. — T. 
Ella e piia pesta che la strada Romea. — F., G. 
Esser piia pisto che la strada di Roma I'anno Santo. — T. 
Bisogna viver a Roma co' costumi di Roma. — F., G. 
Cum fueris Romas Romano vivito more 
cum fueris alibi, vivito more loci. — T. 
The Englishman's reading is : 

When you are at Rome 
do as you do at home. 

Die Englische Romane spielen im Hause, die Franzosichen auf 

der Strasse, die Deutschen im Walde.— Wan. 
Anticaglie di Roma. — T, 
La Ruota di Roma [the Chief Civil Court].— T. 



Esser Barone 

die Piazza Navona. i.e. un furbo. 

Esser vergine come la Porta de' Borsari, i.e. del Popolo. — T. 
Volte di Ponte Sisto. i.e. brazen-faced, like the masks there. 
-F., G. 

Meglio e un bicchier di vino che tutt' il Tevere. — F., G. 

" Chi paga qiaa ? Pasquino o Marsorio ? " A vintner's question. 

Marsorio's statue is near the Capitol. 

Haver pigliato una mula di San Spirito (the Foundling), i.e. a 
bastard for wife. — T. 

Pagare alia Romanesca di " Faremo." — F., G. i.e. stentamente. 
— T. 

Alia Rom. pagar di ben. — P. 

Con le abra parlavano i Greci e con il petto i Romani. — F., G. 

II Romano vince sedendo. — F., G. 

Romanus sedendo vincit — Erasm., Ad. 329. 

Animo Romano e senno Ateniese. — T. 

Wie im guten, so im Schlechten 

sind die Romer, nie die Rechten. — Giani. 


non son buoni, ne caldi ne freschi. — G. 

I Romaneschi nascono co' sassi in mano. — G. 

Romanesca, or after the Romish way ; but rather meant by 
any stranger fashioning himself to the garb of a Roman, 
but yet not so much but that he will keep his native 
fashion too in most things. The English express the same 
by Mungrell \_sic'\. — T. 

Faralla Romanesca. i.e. pagar del pari 

" Bianco e bruno, 
tanto per uno." 
concioche il vero Romano dice sempre " Chi invita, paga." 
All pay alike, to club higgledy-piggledy. — T. 

Riuscir una zitella Romana. i.e. una puttana che si butta a 
tutti che ne da, a chi va, et a chi viene, et a chi n'addi- 
manda. — T. 


Cavar I'olio di Romagna (ironical), as none is produced there. — 

Romagnuolo vantatore. — T. 

Da Tescan rosso da Lombardo nero. — Straff. 

da Romanguolo 
d'ogne pelo. — Guardati. 

Romagnuol della mala Romagna 

o ti giunta, o ti fa qualche magagna. — G. 



I Romagnuoli portano la fede in grembo. — G. " E pero non e 
da maravigliare quando i tiranni di Romagna mancano di 
fede, conciossiache sieno tiranni e Romagnuoli." — M. Villani. 
(Abbondano i motti contro a Romagnuoli, perche vicini. — G.) 
RoviGNo [in Illyria, 40 m. S.S.W. of Trieste]. See Trieste. 

Rovigno pien d'ingegno 

spacca i sassi come legno. — Giani. 

RoviGo [35 m. S.S.W. of Venice]. See Trieste. 
Ravigotti Bacco e pippe. — G. 

Sagra [S.E. Calabria]. 

Lasciammo Reggio sul margine dell' Italia & entrammo nella 
Calauria ; vedemmo il fiume Sagra dove si fece quella 
memorabil rotta e donde si nacque il proverbio " Veriora 
his quae apud Sagram contingere." — Landi Commentayio, 
p. II, 1548. This Greek proverb, " aXyOcmepa wr eVJ 
2fl'7/j«/' alludes to the defeat of 130,000 Crotoniats by 
10,000 Locrians at the river (now called Aloro) b.c. 387. 


Salerno is said to be the exile of the beggars who are too bad 

for Naples. 
I Salernitani ingannarono il diavolo. — F., G. 
Salernitani gabba-diavoli. — T. 
Recami del Sivelto, del sapone di Ceros e de fiori di aranci diu 

corsieri della razza del Re, o di quetta del P. di Salerno. — 

L., p. 41. 

Se Salerno avrebbe un porto 
Napoli sarebbe morto. — Giani. 

San Daniele. See Friuli. 

San Gimignano [about 20 m. N.W. of Siena]. 

San Geminiano dalle belle torri e dalle belle campane 

gli uomini brutti, e le donne befane. — G. (Frights or dolls.) 

San Giovanni. 

Tribbiano [vino] di san Giovanni. — T. 
San Marino. 

" Die liebe Schwester von Venedig." — Hes. 

San Martino [in Tuscany]. 

Esser tutto di S. Martino e niente di Garbo. i.e. esser tutto 
pezzente, stracciato e mal in arnese, senza garbo-scherzando 
co' luochi detti, dove si fabricano i drappi o panni : a 
S. Martino H piia tristi, a Garbo H migliori. — T. (Towns 
in Tuscany. — T.) 

San Remo [30 m. E.N.E. of Nice]. 

Mandar a S. Remo. i.e. in galera. — T. (Play on words.) 

Santa Maria. 

Castrondi Santa Maria, cervello digatta. — F.,G. (Harebrained.) 




Chi ha lingua 

va in Sardegna. — Straff. 


papa lardo. — Nunez. 1555. 

Riso Sardonico. — F., G. i.e. riso da pentir sene, concioche 
mangiando niente niente del mette herba sardonica, spetie 
di sellaro, la persona a ridere a segno di smaniare et in 
ultimo di morire. — T. 

Quivi sono moltissime herba velenose ; quivi gustamo il mele 
amaro. Quivi conoscerno quella herba la quale fa morire 
ridendo onde ne nacque il proverbio Riso Sardesco. — L., 
p. 22. 


Mortu ipsu, mortu un aino [asinoj di Rosello. 

A famous fountain near Sassari, whence the water is carried in 
barrels by asses. Cagliari has no such excellent supply. 

Ballu come un canonico di Rosello. Vala come un asino. 

Fagher comente faghent in Bosa. Quando pioet, laxant pioere. 

Fare come fanno in Bosa Quando piove lasciano piovere. 

Sos consizeris de Bosa. I consiglieri di Bosa. Cf. Pisa. 
Quando tanti sono di diversa opinione, ne deliberano. 

Totu padronos, sa barca Bosinca. Tutte padroni la barca di 

Bosa. Senza piloto. 
A sa moda de Gavoi, moi po moi. Alia foggia di Gavoi 

moggio per moggio. Cosi dicesi nel Campidano quando il 

terreno non da che la semente, 

Quantu sos primos qui alzant a Kalaris Quanto i primi che 
satiscono a Cagliari. Prov. prop Sassarese per indicare 
la certezza di eseguire una cosa. 

Pintada sa linna raandala in Sardigna. Pinta la legn mandala 
in Sardegna. Prov. che duono gli stelsi Sardi per dis- 
prezzare la roba d'altrui. 

Malaidu de Sosso. Ammalato di Sorso (altr. si aggiunge) 
mandigat su lardu a mossos. Mangia il lardo a gran 
boccini (finto ammalato). 

Paret qui tenzat in manu s'istanu de Milanu. Para che abbia 
in mani lo stato de Milano. Dicesi d'un presantuoso. 

Monte Sanctu [kasu] est cuguddadu, in Mineroa hat neu lore, 
temporada manne est custa. Morte Santo e coperta di 
nebbia, come pure il Monte Minerva, segno di gran 

Ddi mancat binti noi arrialis a fa sa pezza de cincu. Mer. Gli 
mancano ventinovi cagliaresi a formar una pezza da cinque 
(cinquanto cent.). Dicesi per denotare uno che si credeva 



Pianu de Sant 'Anna. La pianura di Sant Anna. Dicesi 
d'una cosa lunga presa la similitudine dalla sterminata 
pianura di Sant 'Anna nel Campidano d'Oristano, Sa 
fabbrica de Sant 'Anna. (Parish church 33 years in building.) 

Pisili che is de Isili. Essere stizzoso, pronto alio sdegno como 

quelli di Isili. 
Quando movit Pittinure totu bi sani. Quando spira vento, o e 

brutto il cielo nella regione di Pittinuri, accade tempesta. 

Chi ha lingua 

va in Sardegna. 

Biri s'aqua de Santiblarnu. Bever I'acqua di S. Remo. Vale 

s'addattarsi a far seguitare le stesse costumanze del luogo. 

Sardu villanu. Cosi chiama la Gallura, Sassari e Sorso con 

tutta la regione Settentrionale il rimante della Sardegna. 

Segno che sono colonic sopragiunte Narrer una cosa ad 

sa Sarda. i.e. franco, chiaramente, schietta mente. 
Tataris (Sassari) mannu (grande) Salighera (Alghero) bella 

Dicesi per asprimere che Alghero e citta piij bello di 

Sassari, non pero piii grande. 

Pvoverhi Sardi [di G. Spano]. — Nuova, Ede. Cagliari, 
1871, 8vo, p. 414. 
Qui non abbaidat in faccia est traitore. 
guarda . . . e traditore. 
Su parturire est imbellire, s'allactare est imbezzare (invecchiare). 

Pezza de acca, doi e pappa ; pezza de porcu, coidda totu. 
vacca cuoci e mangia . . . . sia ben cotta. 

Chi aspetta piatto altrui lo mangia freddo. 
Piscamos et coiuados sunt dai Deus destinados. 
(Vescovi) (maritati). 
Porcu, hortu, et conca rasa 
fanno la casa. 

testa cive il prete. 

Fraiga et preta, miseria ispecta. Murare et piatire [litigare] 
dolce impoverire. 

Ne po pesti ne po gherra 
no cretas in scera. 

Ne in tempo di peste, ne in tempo di gherra non aspettiate 
notizie certe. 
Sardinia Cerdefia 

mata o emprena (Porque eseslamuy doliente). — Nunez. 1555. 
Di Sardignia addurami un paio di cavalli per far I'amore. — L., 

p. 41. 

In Sardegna non vi sono serpenti ne in Piemonte bestemmie. — 

Callar para encallar 

y^Oristan para emprefiar. — Nunez. 1555. 

1 Sardi son venali : uno peggior dell' altro. — Straff. 



Sarzana [prov. Genoa, 8 m. E. of Spezia]. See Toscana. 
Savona [25 m. W. of Genoa, on the Riviera]. 
Bei giardini di Savona. — T. 

Vino bianco. Di questo unqua il pensier non m'abbandona 
Questo e il nettare mio, che an ogni sorso 
Soave sulla lingua imprime un niorso. 

ScARPERiA [16 m. N.E. of Florence]. 

Andare a Scarperia la non mi torna, 
son tutti birrie e spie e limacorna. — G. 

A Scarperia e manifattura di coltelli e temperini, che hanno 
manichi di corno. — G. 

SciLLA [in Calabria at N. entrance of Straits of Messina] . 
Essere tra Scilla e Cariddi [Charybdis] . — Giani. 

The rock of Scylla is nearly opposite the whirlpool of Galofaro 
on the Sicilian coast. 
Cf. To be between the devil and the deep sea. 


Riuscir come i caponi di Seravalle. i.e. amici tre per paio. 

i.e. friends in abundance. — T. 
Da Seravalle Lieci buone lamme. — L., p. 42. 

Sesto [5 m. N.W. of Florence, at the foot of Monte Morello]. See 


Sicilia di tiranni antico nido. — T. 

granaro d' Italia. — T. 
Gran Siciliana. — G. See Puglia. 

La Sicilia si puo arrichire in un anno, se si salva la pelle. — 

Sicilia da i Covelli, Francolino i Graziani, Bergamo gli Zanni, 
Venezia i Pantaloni, e Mantova i bufFoni. — G. 

E ora Firenze gli Stenterelli. — G. 

Omnes insulari mali, Siculi autem pessimi. — Tacitus. 

Siciliano bravoso. — T. 

II Ministro di Sicilia rode, quel di Napoli mangia, e quel di 
Milano divora. — G. i.e. i governatori e Vicere Spagnuoli. 

Die Spanischen Ministri in Sicilian niimpfieren in Neapolis 
trincken, in Mayland aber schlemmeren. — Berck. 

Guardati da mattutini di Parigi e da Vespri di Sicilia. — F., G. 
Far cantar ad uno il Vespro Siciliano. i.e. ammazzarlo, 
massaeralo all' improviso. — T. 

Die tre promontorij, delli quali, I'uno risguarda ITtalia, I'altro 
mira la Gretia, il terzo vagheggia I'Affrica. — L., p. 9. 

Tres promontorij Siciliae, unde Trinacrium. Pelorus spectat 
Italiam, Pachinus Greciam, Lilyboeus Africam Capo 
passero. — Tr., ^yo ; Hall, Sat., V., iii. 22. 



Siena. See Firenze, Toscana and Fano. 

Di sei cose plena : 

di torri e di campane, 

di scolari e di puttani 

di becchi e di ruffiane. — F., G. 

Die zierliche, oder beredte. — Hes. 

Belle donne. — Straff. 

Del bel parlare, delle torri e della fontane. — Giani. 

fFar] bandi di Siena, i.e. per chi, si, per chi, no. — P. 

Come disse il Ciga da Siena. " So son quel che do." — P. 

Partial and biassed. — [T,] 
Preti di Siena. — T. 

Lingua Sanese 

e bocca Pistojese. — Gotti. 

Pazzo alia Sanese. i.e. pazzo e cattivo [mischievous]. — T. 

[Portar] panno Sanese, che si rompe prima che si metta in 

dosso. — P. 
Haver le arme Sanesi in corpo. i.e. la lupa [the arms of S.] — T. 

I Sanesi 

hanno sei nasi. — G. 

Ecei in Siena I'aria tanto sottile che ogni anno n'escono de 
gangheri infiniti, de quali alcuni ne ritornano, ed alcuni 
perpetuamante na rimangane pazzi. — L., p. i6. 

Quando Siena piange Firenze ride. — Giani. 

Delia pioggia e del sereno. — StrafF. 

II vento Senese 

acqua per un mese. — Giani. 

Sieve. See Arno. 

SiNiGAGLiA [17 m. N.W. of Ancona]. See Grosseto. 

Le mele di Sinigaglia sono si grosse* che non hanno semenza. 

— F., G. * grande — T. 

Dicesi di persone de si smisurata grandezza, che non hanno iigli 

o pochi. — T. 
Padesta di Sinigalla comanda e fa par luy. — Nunez. 1555. 
Far come il Podesta di Sinigaglia che comanda e bisogna che se 
facia da se stesso. — F., 2d Fr., viii. 

Comme le potestat de Senegaille qui commande et fait. — Meurier, 
Colloq., i. 

SiRAcusA la fedele, dell' antica gloria. — Giani. 

SiROLO. See Loretto. 

SiSA, borse strette. — T. 

SoMMA Vesuviano [q ni. E. of Naples]. 

II buon Greco [Vino] di Soma. — T. 
SoNDRio [in the Valtelline, 56 m. N.N.E. of Milan]. 

Podesta da Sondri. — F., G. 



SoNziNO [? Soncino, 20 m. N.N.W. of Cremona]. 
Mercanti di Sonzino. — T. 

SoRGA [near Verona] . 

Come i piffari da Sorga chi non si contentano d'un pagamento : 
ci vuol un soldo a farli cominciare e parecchi a farli 
finire. — T. 

Soriano [7 m. E. of Viterbo]. 

Come I'arco Soriano che tiro tanto a'gl'amici. 
Quanto a nemici. — T. ; Ho. 

Sorrento [7 m. S.W. of Castellamare]. 
La gentile. — Giani. 
Carri di Sorriento. — T. 

Spoleto [32 m. S.S.E. of Perugia]. 

Far da Spoletino. i.e. dire e poi disdirsi. — T. 

Dar Tartuffoli Spoletine. i.e. de'pugni o sgrugnoni nel mostaccio. 
(Spoleto mushrooms — good sound thiimps with one's fist 
upon the face.) — T. 

Stra [15 m. W. of Venice, between Venice and Padua— haunt of 
robbers] . 

Chi passa Stra e non v'inciampa 
va sano sino in Francia.— G. 

Stromboli [a volcanic mountain, N. of Sicily]. 

Trovarsi a spacca-Stromboli. i.e. in confusione. — T. 

SuLMONE [28 m. S.E. of Aquila]. 
Sulmone buon zaffrano. — T. 

Taggia [5 m. E. of San Remo] . 
Moscatello di Taggio. — T. 

Taormina [30 m. S.V\^ of Messina] . 
Taormina la riguardevole. — Giani. 

Taranto [a province of S. Italy]. 
II gran pesce Tarantino. — T. 

Termini [25 m. S.E. of Palermo]. 

La splendida. — Giani. 

In Sicilia non c'e che un monte, un fonte, ed un ponte, say the 
Terminesi ; the bridge being that of Termini — very lofty 
and steep and of a single arch, yet substantial, erected more 
than a century since by Charles III. — Murr. (not in Pitre). 

Terni [46 m. N. by E. of Rome]. 
Sanguinosi i Ternani. — T. 

Terracina [58 m. S.E. of Rome]. 
Buon vin da Terracina. — T. 



Tevere. See Citta di Castello. 

Tevere non cresce 

se Nera non mesce. — Giani. 


In Tirolo si semina fagioli e nascono sbirri. — G. 

TivoLi [17 m. E, by N. of Rome] . 

Confetti et oglio da Tivoli. — T. The confetti are little white 
pebbles like sugar-plums, and sold for such in jest. 

Gigante da Tivoli chi butta le ceci con le pertiche. — Ho. (A 
mere dwarf.) 

Tivoli di mal conforte 

o piove o tira vento o suona morte. — L' Intermedia , S'C, ii. 168. 

Torino I'elegante. — Giani. 

Les amoureux de Turin (University students). — Straff. 

Die Turiner besitzen alias was die Deutschen, Italiener, und 

Franzosen gutes an sich haben. 
Die Turiner sind gross und aufrichtig wie die Deutschen, hofiich 

und lustig wie die Franzosen und scharfsinuig wie] die 

I taliener. — Berck. 
Ruin con ruin 
que asi casan en Turin. — Julian de Medrano, Silva Ctmosa. 1583. 

Torre [? Torri, on the Lago di Garda] . 

Denti neri della Torre. — T. i.e. guns of the fortress. 
Tortona [14 m. E.S.E. of Alessandria]. 

Tiriaca di. — T. ; L., p. 42. 

E capelli di paglia finissima. — Ih. 


Deh ! che non e tutta Toscana il mondo. — Alfieri. 
Toscano bello. — T. 
Chi ha a far con Tosco 
non convien* esser Iosco. — F., G. 

* vuol. — P. 
Tosco also means a clown, rustic. 
Quien con tosco ha de entender, 
mucho seso ha de tener. — Nufiez. 1555. 
Del tosco, fuoco e ferro utile si trahe. — F., G. Perhaps this is 

naeant only of tosco, abbreviation of tossico, poison. 
Lingua Toscana 
in bocca Romana [con grazia Pistojese]. i.e. the Court tongue. 

— T. See Siena. 

Parer un [Toscano di Monferrato. — F., G.] . i.e. un de' Confini 
d'ltalia, e che si metta a parlar Toscano per farsi creder 
tale, e stroppiarlo. — T. 

Fosco, Iosco, e non Tosco 

ben ti conosco : se pan tu avessi, non avresti tosco. — Strafi. 



La Maremma di Siena, e'l contado di Pisa, il contado d' 
Arezzo e'l Val d'Arno dariano a vivere a mezza 1' Italia. — 
MS. Serdonati, [Magliabecchian Library, Firenze,] V.,III., 
f. 129 ro. 

[Al Granduca di Firenze] non gli manca che Lucca e Sarzana 
per esser Re di tutta ja Toscana. — Straff. 

Que s'il avoit Castre Luque et Sarsane 

il se feroit bien tost Roy de Toscane. — Berck. 

Toscana hat vier Thiirme ; der erste steht auf der Erde 
[Campanile di Giotto, Firenze] der zweite auf dem Wasser 
[il Forrico all' ingresso dell' antico porto di Pisa] der dritte 
schwebt in der Luft [Palazzo Vecchio, Firenze] der vierte 
droht alien Einsturz in schiefer Lage und wird seine drei 
Briider noch iiberleben [le Torre pencolante di Pisa] . — Wan. 

Trebbia. Se sei Trebbiano, altro sara miele ; 
se sei cicuta, altri sara fiele. — T. 
This refers to the sweet wine and means : " Kindness is met 
with kindness and cross-grain with cross-grain." — T. 

Star a Trebbia. i.e. star allegramente in conversations — T. 
II Trebbiano e buono dentro una secchia. — F., G. 
Trent [formerly Tridentum]. 

En Todesch Entaliana — I'e 'n diaol descadena e viceversa. 

Sette Trentini fa 'n nones ; sette nonesi fa 'n solandro sette 

solandri fa 'n diaol. 
Quel de Avio lassei magnar ; quel de Ala lassei ciaccierar ; que 

de Mori no te' npazzar ; quel de Brentonec lassei star. 
Javre, Dare, e Verdesina 

no ghe n'e de bei se no i ghen mina (Paeselli della Rendena). 
Prima Jare e po Dare (prima avere e poi dare). 
magnar poc e bever miga. 

Paesello su una rupa in Val d'Adige ove si e poveri e manca 
Chi camina da Trent 
camina dal bon temp. 

Si capisce che questo prov. e tutto particolare di Trento e un 
po 'troppo ottimista, tanto per chi deve restare, come 
per chi deve restare, come per chi non vuol andare. 
A nonesi e solandri, Libera nos Domine ! 
E sanguinosa invocazione che colpisee buoni e cattivi senza 

freno e senza distinzione. Ricordo funesto delle nostre 

fatale discordie. 
L'aqua del Ades la mena sabbion 
el bon vin me conza'l magon. 
el vin de Gozzador e de Isera 
el va fin al Re de Baviera. 
el vin de Isera e de Gozzador. 
el va fin all' Imperator. 



Gozzadoro e un' aprica localita presso Trento ; Isera un 
paesello vicino a Rovereto, celebri entrambi per questi 
lor vini squisiti. — N. Bolognini, Saggio di Pvov. e Mod.Pvov, 
Tridentini, pp. 26, 27, 35. Rovereto, 1882. 

A Bellum 

no triga nessum. 

A Belluno non si ferma nessuno. 
A Brentim 
ne pam ne vim 
A Rivalta 
i Bechi salta 

Co le nugole va vers Trent 
to 'm panet e tachetel al dent. 
Co le nugole va vers Verona 
to'l zapom e va zapona. 
Dove cresce Baco 
no star 'mpiantar tabaco. 
Pioza de sam Gorgom (Sep. 9) 
na piena e 'm pienom (del Adige) 
Se piove '1 di de Santa Cross (May 3) 
vegn sbuse le noss. 

From Una Centuriadi Proverbi Trentini, 16°., p. 13. 

[x'Vlbino e Oddone Zenatti. Venezia, 1884. 45 copies.] 

Le Trentini 

vengono giu pollastrine 

e se ne vanno su galline. — Giani. 

Prov. che ricorda le vecchie animosita fra quelli della provincia 
di Trento e di Verona : con la stessa malignita diciamo in 
Toscana delle ragazze che vanno per le campagne a 
cantare il Maggio " Le Maggiaiole vengano in due e 
tornano in tre." — Giusti, 1884. 


Maravigliarsi dal ponte a Tressa. — F., G. 

This must be Ponte Tresa on the river which empties Lake 
Lugano into Lake Maggiore. It is now " a bridge of 
three stone arches." — Murr. 

Treviso [17 m. N. of Venice] . 

Buone trippe di Treviso. — T, See Padova. 

Far la danza Triviggiana. — T. 

Cf. Shaking of the sheets. 

Soldati di Trevisa 

ch'andavano 36 a cavar una rava. — MS. addn. in Nunez. 1555. 


La commerciale. — Giani. 


pien de peste ; 

Citta nova, 

chi non vi porta non vi trova ; 

VOL. I. 

337 23 


Rovigno, pien de ingegno ; 

spacca i sassi come il legno ; 

Capo d'Istria, pedocciosa : 

Isola, famosa ; 

A Piran, 

buon pan ; 


tre preti e un zago ; (ragazzo che serve messe) 

una femmina da ben, 

e il pievan che la mantien. 

Rivista satirica di alcime tevve dell' Istria. — G. 

Udine [6o m. N.E. of Venice]. See Roma. 

Udine, giardini senza fiori, castello senza cannoni, fontane 
senzacqua, nobilta senza creanza. — G. 

Piatti di terra figurati di Udine.— L., p. 41. 

Udine e la cadetta di Venezia, — Straff. 
Umago. See Trieste. 
Vald'arno. See Toscana. 
Valdecchiano. See Jesi. 


Portar frasconi a Vallombrosa. — Giani. 

Varese [13 m. W. of Como]. Town on lake between Maggiore 
and Como. 

Belle donne di Varese. — T. 

Velletri [21 m. S.E. of Rome]. 

Vin cotti di Velletri. — T. 

Venafro [25 m. N. of Capua and E. of San Germano]. 

Come disse Messer Antonio da Venafro, i.e. " Ogni aiuto e 

buono."— P. 
Venafro famoso per la copia e gran bonta dell' olio. — L., p. 14. 

Viridique certat 

Bacca Venafro. — Hor., Car., IL, vi. 

Venezia. See Roma, Padova, Firenze, Corsica. 

A Venezia chi vi nasce 

mal vi pasce. — F., G. 

e chi vi viene 

per ben s'attiene. — T. 

Venezia bella 

Padova so'sorella. — Giani. 

Venetia, Venetia 

chi non te vede ei non te pretia. — Shak., L, L. L., iv. 2, 92. 

La vide non la pretia. — B. (Pregia. — P.) 

Venezia, Venetia 

chi non ti vede, non ti pretia 

[chi troppo ti vide ti dispretia. — T.] 



ma chi ti vede ben gli costa. — F., 1st Fr. 1578. 

. . . va a vederla . . . — G. 

Venezia la ricca. — F., 2d Fr. 

. . . la dominante. — Giani. 

. . . la regina dell' Adriatico. — Giani. 

Venezia bela fabbrica sul mare 

chi non la vede non la puo stimare. — Straff. 

Venezia bella, fabbricata sul mare 

chi non la vede non la puo stimare. — Giani. 

II bianco e nero hanno fatto Venezia ricca, cioe pepe e cotone. 
-F., G. 

Venetia citta vergine. — T. 

E una grant donna la signoria di Venetia. — B. 

Ne Turcho, ne chiesa, ne signoria di Venetia. — B. 

Venetia un fastidio, persino ai cani. — B. 

Si puol ben dir una busia e star a Venetia. — B. 

Venetia ha il mar per muro et il ciel per tetto. — T. 

Legge Veneziana 

dura una settimana. — G. 

Parte Veneziana 

non dura una settimana. — G. 1884. 

Venetia non ha queste quattro cose, ne moschi, ne cavalli, ne 
polvere, ne acqua sorgente. — T. 

Non son nell' Arno tanti pesciolini 

quanto sono a Venezia zazzere e camini. — F., G. 

quanti a Venezia gondole e camini. — P. 

Non ha Venetia tanti gondolieri 
quanti Vicenza Conti e Cavallieri. — P. 

Viva Santo Marco per mare et per terra. — B. 

Scappucciare per fin in San Marco, i.e. fallar facilmente 
essendo loco piano. — T. 

Esservi li vicini di San Marco. 
or, Truovarsi li vicini di Giuliano Gondi. i.e. i Leoni che gia 
stavan di dietro al Palazzo del Gran Duca, ove son vicine 
le case de' Gondi. (Said to deafish persons.) — T. j .lijii 

Non gli farebbe il tesoro di San Marco. ) -p „ nrnd'o- l _1t 
Non bastar la Zecca di Venetia. J P o • • 

San Marco non e festa per tutti. — T. 

Wenn ein Venetianer bei Gott schwort so gilts nichts, wenn er 
aber beim heiligen Antonio schwort, so kann man ehm 
glauben. — Wan. 

Cera Veneziana. — G. See Puglia. 

Piu rara cosa il mondo non possiede 
che la citta dove il Leon risiede. — Giani. 




Quando Venezia comandava 
si desinava e si cenava 
coi Frances!, buona gente 
se desinava solamente. — Giani. 

CO Venezia comandava 

se disnava se cenava 

coi Frances!, bona zente 

se disnava solamente 

coi Tedeschi su la schiena 

ne se disna, ne se cena. — Pasquali. 

Tria jactant Veneti — ita appellant earn Virginem— quia nun- 
quam passi sunt : Tirannidem, Seditionem, Heresiam. — 
Ty, f. 49, lo. 

So few in fear, 
Flying away from him,* whose boast it was 
That the grass grew not where his horse had trod, 
Gave birth to Venice. — Rogers, Italy: Venice. 

* Attila. 

Tre Dogi in Venezia : Doge de' nobili — il vero. Doge de 
cittadini, cancelliere Grande : Doge della plebe, Capitano 
Grando. Bargello. — Tr., f. 57, lo. 

Tre ironice : Dottor Corso, cavallerizzo Venetiano, Cristiano da 
Porto Venere. — Tr., f. 61, lo. 

Can e villan 

e gentiluomo Venezian [non chiudono mai la porta]. — Giani. 

II Doge di Venezia e senatore in senato, Re nel suo palazzo, e 
prigionero in citta. — Straff. ; Berck. 

Das Venetianische frauenzimmer geht auf sehr hohen schuhen 
einher ; derowegen Julius Scaliger zu sagen pflegen : Die 
Venetianischen Ehemanner geniessen von ihren weibern 
im bette nur die helfFte, well die andere helffte mit den 
schuhen abgeleget wiirde. — Berck. 

Da Vinegia venti specchi ; cinquanta bicchieri di cristallo e 
venti tazze, trenta braccia di scarlatto, una pezza di veluto 
cremisino, sei cassetti di cipresso, dieci ventaruole di seta 
di vario colore, duodici pettini d'avorio, venticinque braccia 
di damasco, qualche vasetto di polvere di Cipri e per 
profumar camere. — L., p. 42. 

Tre sorte di famiglie nobili i Venezia ; Casevecchie, nuove, e 
novissime. — Tr., f. 56 /, 

Venezia bela 

Padoa so sorela, 

Treviso forte Seraval campana, 

Ceneda vilana, 

Corregian cazzador 

Belun traditor 

Prata desfata Brugnera per tera, Socil crudil 

Pordenon soliza, e Porgia inamora. — Pasquali. 



Veneto Signorile. — T. 
Veneziani, gran Signori ; 
Padovani, gran dottori ; 
Vicentini magna gatti ; 
Veronesi, tutti matti ; 
Udinesi castellani 
Col cognome di Furlani ; 
Trevisani, pane e trippe 
Rovigotti Bacco e pippe ; 
Bergamaschi fa cogioni 
i Brescian tagliacantone 
ne volete de' piu tristi ? 
i Cremaschi brusa-Cristi, — G. 

(In 1448 the Ghibellines burnt a crucifix because it was 
Guelf.— G.) 
Hatt' ich Venedigs macht, Ausburger pracht, Nurnberger witz, 

Strassburger geschiitz und Ulmer geld, so war ich der 

reichste in der Welt. — 1783. 
Prima Veneziani 
e poi Cristiani. 

(Lo dicevano al tempo dell' Interdetto.) — G. 

I Veneziani cacan in acqua per un pezzo di focaccia. — F., G. 

I Veneziani han gusto di lasciar fare 

I buoni Milanesi a banchettare. — Alfieri, Sonu., 143. 

I Veneziani a la matina una messeta 

al dopo disnar una basseta* 

e alia sera una doneta. — Annali per la Lett. R. and I. — Giani. 

* Game at cards. 

Tre Brovinano i Veneziani Bocca, Barca, Brachetta. — Tr., f. 57 /. 

In Venedig soil man sich huten fiir 4 P : Pietra bianca, Putana, 

Prete, und Pantalone die vor den weissen steinen (womit 

die Canale und Briicken aus gesetzet und sehr glatt sind) 

hiiren, pfaffen und gaucklern. — Berck. 

Pantalon paga per tutti. — G. 

I Veneziani erano tenuti piia ricchi d'ogni altro. Ma perche le 
tasse piu gravavano il popolo basso, usavano dire Vene- 
zianamente : " Scarpa grossa paga ogni cossa." — G. 

Viderat Adriacis Venetam Neptunus in undis 

Stare urbem et toto dicere jura mari ; 
" I, nunc Tarpeias quantumvis, Jupiter arces 

Objice et ilia tui moenia Martis ait 
Si Tiberim pelago confers urbem aspice utramque 

Illam hominem dices, banc possuisse Deum." — Sannazaro, 

Venzone [18 m. N.N.W. of Udinel. See Triuli. 

Verona. See Eugubini, Napoli. 

Verona la degna, la vetusta. — Giani. 

Ti faro veder le montagne di Verona. — B. 

Monta qua [su, che] e vedrai Verona. [T.] — P. 



Verona bel Amfiteatro. — T. 

Esser piu grande che non e la Ren a di Verona. — T. 
Volar parlar assai e pur creder di peter star in Verona. — T. 
Esser da Verona. — T. Cf. Tom Tell-truth (a play on Verita). 
See Piacenza. 

Far come la vecchia da Verona, che se le dava un quattrino 
accio cantasse, e poi due, accio se ne testasse. — T. 

In Verona bisogna far come fanno le galline. 
[Far come fanno le galline di Verona. — T.] Andar tosto a 
dormir e levar tosto. — P. 

A Verona bisogna andare a ietto guando le galline. (Era 
lamento de' Veneziani, soliti fare di notte giorno.) — G. 

Di Verona chi senza bere passa la Campagna 

egli e ben gofFo poi se si lagna. — T. 

A Verona 

ogni matto si stagiona. — Giani. 

Da Verona a Vicenza dalle miglia trenta 

da Vicenza a Verona dalle miglia trenta due. — F., G. 

(The latter, being mostly uphill, seems to be longer.) 
Berettari Veronese. — T. 
Veronesi belle mani. — T. 
Veronese bella mano. — G. 

A mercato di Verona 

or si vende, or si dona. — Giani. 

Legge di Verona 

dura da terza a nona. — Straff. 

Vicenza. See Padova, Venezia. 

Vicenza bel Teatro. — T., who says that, though small, it is the 
best contrived in the world for opera. 

Frutti e buon vin di Vicenza. — T. 

La fertile. — Giani. 

Der Venediger schlachthaus [shambles] . - Hes. 

Gli assassin! Vicentini. — Hes. 

Non ha Venetia tanti gondolieri 
quanti Vicenza Conti e Cavallieri. — T. 

I Vicentini quando piscia uno piscian tutti. — Giani. 

Faremo senza 

come quel da Vicenza, — P. 

i.e. contentarsi della mala fortuna. 

Quando il Suman ha il cappello 

se anco piove, doman fa bello. — Giani. 

Legge Vicentina 

dura della sera alia mattina. — G. 

Vico. Sec Cascina. 




Esser come i polli di Villafranca un buono et un cattivo. — T. 

Visso [17 m. E. of Spoleto, in the Umbrian Apennines]. 5^^; Norcia. 

ViTERBO [40 m. N.N.W. of Rome]. 

Viterbo belle fontane. — T. E delle belle donzelle. — Giani. 
Sproni Viterbesi. — G. See Puglia, Speroni. — L., p. 41. 

VoLTERRA [33 m. S.W. of Florence]. 

Anticaglie e miniere di Volterra.'"'' — T. 

* Large alabaster works. 

Piu pazzi che quei di Zaga chi davan' del letame al Campanile 
perche crescesse. — Ho. 



And Popular Sayings Relating to the 
Calendar and Natural Phenomena. 




Sunday shaven, Sunday shorn, 

better hadst thou ne'er been born. — Henderson, F. L. of N. of E. 

A man had better ne'er been born 

as have his nails on a Sunday shorn. — Den. 

Who on the Sabbath pares his horn 

It were better for him he had never been born. — N., I., ii. 511. 

Every day braw 

makes Sunday a daw. — Ulst.J. Ay., ii. 

Alike every day makes a clout on Sunday. — K. 

Courtier cousin well met ; I see you are still for the country ; your 
habite, your countenance, your footing and your carriage 
doe all plainly show you are no changeling, but every day alike 
one and the same. — Breton, The Court and the Country. 

The wolf does something every week that keeps him from going 
to church a Surday. — F. 

Yeow mussent sing a Sunday 

becaze it is a sin, 
but yeow may sing a Monday 

till Sunday corns agin (Suffolk). — Haz. 

Sunday wooing 

draws to ruin. — Hen. ; Scot. (A puritanical doctrine.) 

Sunday sail 

never fail. — Sea. 

Mo9a muy Dissantera [endimanchee] 

o gran romera, o gran ramera [prostitute)]. — Nunez, 1555. 

Sunday saint and week-day devil. 

W. Rye, in Norfolk Ant. Misc., i 308. 

A wet Sunday, a wet week. — Forby. Essex. 

If it rains on a Sunday before mess^-' 

it will rain all the week more or less. — Den. 

* mass. — Audelay's Poems, p. 28. 
Rain afore chutch, 
rain all the week, little or much. (^Norfolk.) 

[or else we shall have three rainy Sundays]. — Mrs. Lubbock. 

Du Dymanche au maten la playe 

bien souvent la semaine ennuye. — Cal. de Bons Lahoureurs. 

Come day, gang day, 
God send Sunday. — K. 

Come day, go day, the day is long enough. (Idleness.) — Draxe. 

Sunday is a dies non. This is the legal maxim. 

Dies Dominicus 

non est juridicus. — Noy., 2. 

When Sunday comes it will be holyday. — CI. ; Breton, Crossing of 
Proverbs, ii. 

Sunday the negro's holiday. — Smyth. 



Sunday's moon 

a day too soon. — Dev. 

Sunday's moon floods' for 'ts out. — Sternberg, Nliants Glossary. 

Had I as ye have, I would do more (quoth he) 

Than the Priest spake of on Sunday, ye should see. 

He., Dial., H., ix. 

The day is never so holy that the pot refuses to boil. — Danish. 

There is no Sunday to a sailor out of five fathoms water. 

Covj 3.n, Sea Py., [American.] 
Cobblers' Monday. — Haz. 

Monday is Sunday's brother, [Tarlton's Jests, 1611] 
Tuesday is such another, 
Wednesday you must go to church and pray, 
Thursday is half holiday, 
on Friday 'tis too late to begin to spin, 
the Saturday is half hoHday agin. — Den., from Taylor's Divers 

Crabtree Lectures, 1639. 
If you sneeze on Monday you sneeze for danger, 
sneeze on a Tuesday, kiss a stranger, 
sneeze on a Wednesday, sneeze for a letter, 
sneeze on a Thursday something better, 
sneeze on a Friday, sneeze for sorrow, 
sneeze on a Saturday, see your sweetheart to-morrow, 

Hll., Nursery Rhymes- 

Handsel Monday. The first Monday in the New Year. — Patten, 
Expedition to Scotland, 1548; Arber, English Garner, iii. 84. 

No ay Lunes sin luna 

ni Jueves qua no alumbra. — Nunez, 1555. 

They that wash on Monday have a whole week to dry, 

they that wash on Tuesday are not so far agye, 

they that wash on Wednesday may get their clothes clean, 

they that wash on Thursday are not so much to mean, 

they that wash on Friday wash for their need, 

but they that wash on Saturday are clarty paps* indeed. — Den. 

* Dirty slovens. — Hll. 
Saturday the working-day and Monday the holy-day of preachers. — 

F. W. 
Marvell said he would cross the proverb because he preached what 
he had studied some competent time before. — F. W., p. 159. 
Born in the middle of the week, looking both ways for Sunday. 

(A squint.) Cf. Mondayish. 
Wednesday is aye weather true, whether the moon be old or new. — 

A lazy boy's week : — Lundi, Mardi, fete, 

Mercredi peut-etre, 
Jeudi St. Nicolas, 
Vendredi je n'y serai pas, 
Samedi je reviendrai, 
et voila la semaine passee. — And. Theuriet. 



This is silver Saturday, 

the morn 's the resting day, 

on Monday up and to't again, 

and Tuesday push away. — Den. 

Eight hours work, eight hours play, 

eight hours sleep and eight shillings a day. 

The Working Man's Utopia. 

All the six days thou shalt work and slave as much as thou art able, 
on the seventh holystone the deck and rub the chain cable. 

(Sailor's life) — Cheales. 

Six days shalt thou labour and do all that thou art able, 
and on the seventh holystone the decks and scrape the cable. 

Dana, The Philadelphia Catechism. 
The Poor Man's Plaint : 

To live hard, to work hard, to die hard, 

And then go to the bad place after all — that 's hard. — J.L.W. 

On Thursday at three 

look out and you'll see 

what Friday will be. — (South Devon) Haz. 

Thursday come and the week 's gone. — Herbert. 

Giobbia venuta, 

sette mana perduta. — Flo., G. 

No ay Lunes sin luna 
ni Jueves que no alumbra. 

Porque en Jueves suele ser mercado por ser la mitad de la 
semana. — Nunez, 1555. 
Se piove il Giovedi, piove la Domenica. — Giov. d. Enid., iv. 

Friday and the week 
is seldom aleek. — N ., V. 

Right as the Friday, sothely for to tell, 

Now it schyneth, now it reyneth fast . . . 

Selde is the Friday all the weke ylike. — Ch., 1876. 

Friday's noon 

is Sunday's doom. 

Fine on Friday, fine on Sunday, 

wet on Friday, wet on Sunday. — Inwards, Weather Love. 1893. 

Friday's weather governs Sunday's and Sunday's the week. 

Pluie de Vendredi, pluie de Dimanche. 

Coremans, Belgique. 
Friday's moon 
come when it will, comes too soon. — Haz. See Saturday's moon. 

A Friday's feast, i.e. a fast. 

Jo. Do you strain courtesies ? Had I it in fingering 
I 'd make you both make but a Friday's feast. 
Oh how the steam perfumes my nostrils. 

Davenport, A New Trick to Cheat the Devil, 
E. 2. 1639. 

People born on Friday come to all harm. — Anglo-Saxon Leechdoms. 



Friday's hair and Sunday's horn 

goes to the Dule on Monday morn. — R., 1678. 

Friday's sail 
always fail. — Sea. 

Le Vendredy est le plus beau ou le plus laid jour de toute la semaine. 

— Joubert, Ev. Pop., 1570. (Catalan.) 
Friday is either the fairest or the foulest day of the week. 
Friday will be either king or underling. — (Wiltshire) Cheales. 
Friday 's a day as '11 have its trick,* 
the fairest or foulest day of the week. — Jackson, Shropshire Word Book. 

* Trick— character, peculiarity. — HU- 
What Friday gets it keeps. — Hen. 

A Friday night's dream will come true before the Tuesday. — Jackson, 

Shropshire F. L . 

Friday night's dream on the Saturday told 
is sure to come true, be it never so old. 

See Sir T. Overbury, The Character of a Milkmaid. 

Chi ride il Venerdi (e non ha chierica) \_i.e. the tonsure.] 

so spira il Sabato e piange la Domenica. — Gior. d. Enid., iv. 236. 

See Monday. 
Tel qui rit Vendredi Dimanche pleurera. — Racine, Plaideiirs. 
Le Sabat invite a I'esbat. — Meurier, 1568. 

Ne donna senz amore, 

ne Sabato senza sole, 

ne Domenica senza sapore. 

Forasmuch as usually on Saturdays our women wash their 
heads on that day and dry their hair in the sun on the 
Sunday, alias the Saboth, all persons more or less have 
exceedings on their cheer. — Torr. 

The sun shines, if only for a minute, every Saturday throughout the 
year. Current also in Spain. — Southey, The Doctor, iii. 165. 

Ni Sabado sin sol, ni moza sin amor, ni viejo sin dolor. — Nunez, 

Saturday's noon and Sunday's prime 
once is enough in seven years' time. — Ch. 

A Saturday's moon 

if it comes once in seven years comes too soon. — F. 

[come when it will it — Den.]. 

A Saturday's change brings the boat to the door, 

but a Sunday's change brings it upon t' mid-floor. — Den. 

On Saturday change, on Sunday full, 

was never good and never wool. — Forby, Vocah. of East Aug. 

Saturday's new and Sunday's full 

was never fine and never wool. — Suffolk, [i.e. Moon.] 

If the moon on a Saturday be new or full 

there always was rain and there always wull. — Lees. 



Air hosteria mai d Giovedi, ne alle puttane il Sabato, ne al barbier 
la Domenica. — Torr. 

If thou desirest a wife, choose her on a Saturday rather than on 
a Sunday. (Spanish). — R., 1813. 

Saturday servants never stay, 
Sunday servants run away. 

Day of entering a new service. — (Northants). Sternberg. 

Saturday's flit 

will never sit. — Baker, N liants Glossary. 


In the morning mountains, 

in the evening fountains. — Herb. 

The morning sun never lasts a day. — Herb. 

The morning to the mountain, 

the evening to the fountain. — Den. 

Tho' you rise never so early, the sun will rise at his own time 

and not till then. — Cod. 
The morning hour has gold in its mouth. — German. 

If red the sun begin his race 

expect that rain will flow apace. — Den. 

For age and want save while you may, 
no morning sun lasts all the day. — Ch. 
He that riseth not in the morning loseth his journey. — Dr. 
The morning is the best for study. Aurora arnica Musis. — Dr. 
Hora una aurorae tres valet certe duas. — Dr. 
Mane bonis studiis, quilibet aptus erit. — Dr. 

The morning is perhaps as good a friend to the Graces as it is to the 
Muses. — M. Henry, Comm. 

Se quieres ter boa fama 

naom te tome el sol na cama. — Port. ; Nunez, 1555. 

Wm. Forbes leaves us. As to the old story : Scribble till two ; then 
walk for exercise till four. Deil ha'e it else : for company eats 
up the afternoon, so nothing can be done that is not achieved 
in the forenoon. — Sir Walter Scoit, Journals, ii. 264. 1890. 

The darkest hour is nearest the dawn. — Den. 

Cloudy mornings turn to clear evenings. — CI. 

In the old of the moon 

a cloudy morning bodes a fair afternoon. — R., 1678. 

Brune matinee belle journee. — Meurier, D. F. 1590. 

Many a foul morning hath a fair day. — CI. 

The cock doth crow 

to let us know 

if we be wise 

'tis time to rise. — Den. 



When the dawn breaks thro' the clouds near the horizon, a fine day 
follows; when the dawn breaks high it will rain. — Roper. 

A high dawn denotes wind — a low dawn fair weather. — Sir H. Davy, 


Soleil qui luisarne au matin, femme qui parle Latin et enfant nourry 
de vin ne viennont point a la bonne fin. 
A glaring morn, a woman Latinist, and a wine-fed child make 
men cry " Had I wist." — Cotgrave. 
If early in the morning you see a fog lying on the low ground, fine 
weather may be expected. — Roper. 

So a mist at the base of the Bredon Hill is the favourable sign at 

Sunrise breakfast, 

sun-high dinner, 

sun-down sup 

makes a saint of a sinner. — R. D. Blackmore, Lorna Doone, ch. 29. 

Dew-bit and scrumpin, 

breakfast and nuncheon, 

dinner and scrag, 

supper and bed. (The Labourer's day). — N., V. 

'Tis said that from the twelfth of May 

to the twelfth of July all is day. 

From the twelfth day of May 

To the twelfth of July 

Adieu to starlight. 

For all is twilight. — Ag., Corn. 

The sun shines on both sides of the hedge. Between May 23rd and 
July 2oth there is no absolute darkness in England, and the 
sun ascends so high in the heavens that the shadow of hedges 
is hardly perceptible. — Den. 

May, June and July 

daylight never laves the sky, — P. Robin's Olhninick. 

When the sun is in the West 

lazy folks do work the best. 

Wanneer de zon is in 't Westen, 

luie menschen zijn op't beste. — Dutch. 

The ware *' evening is lang and teugh f 

the harvest! evening runs§ soon o'er the — K. 

i.e. the night seems to fall in a moment. 

* Lentren. — Ch. t Tedious. % Spring. § Tumbles. — Jam., Sc. Diet. [Angus] . 

!1 How or hill. 

When Ave Maria you hear 

see that your house be near. 

The dews of the evening industriously shun, 

they 're the tears of the sky for the loss of the sun. — Lord Chesterfield. 

Suonata I'Ave Maria : ecco il mal tempo. — Torr. 

The hour ne.xt after sunset is in Italy considered the most 
dangerous to be abroad. 



Retirons nous du serain 

car il n'est pas trop sain. — Meurier, 1558. 

Out of God's blessing into the warm sun. — He. 

This I believe originated at the time of the Reformation, and 
was directed against the prevailing fashion of Italian travel 
with its dangers to religious faith. 

Ab equis ad asinos. 

The sun is comfortable. — CI. 

They that walk much in the sun will be tanned at last. — R., 1678. 

An evening red and a morning grey 
are sure signs of a fair day. — CI. 

Evening red and morning grey 

help the traveller on his way ; 

evening grey and morning red 

bring down rain upon his head. — Inwards. 

Evening grey and morning red 

make the shepherd hang his head. — Den. 

[send the poor shepherd home wet to his bed] . — Forby, E. Ang. 

Le rouge soir et brun matin 

est le desir du pelerin. — Meurier, 1590. 

The evening red and the morning grey 
is the sign of a bright and cheery day ; 
the evening grey and the morning red, 
put on your hat or you '11 wet your head. — M. ; Scott. 

Sky red in the morning 

is sailor's sure warning, 

sky red at night 

is the sailor's delight. — Inwards. 

Evening red and morning grey 

two sure signs of one fine day. — Den. 

If the sun goes pale to bed 

'twill rain to-morrow it is said. — Inwards. 

If the sun in red should set 
the next day surely will be wet, 
if the sun should set in grey 
the next will be a rainy*^ day. — Den. 

* bonny. 

Like a red morn that ever yet betokened 
Wreck to the seaman, tempest to the field, 
Sorrow to the shepherds, woe unto the birds, 
Gust and foul flaws to herdsmen and to herds. 

Shak., Ven. & A don., 453. 

A dogg* in the morning, sailor take warning ; 
a dogg in the night is the sailor's delight. — Roper. 

* A small rainbow near the horizon. 

When the sun sets in a bank, 

a Westerly wind we shall not want. — Den. 

VOL. I. 353 23 


When the sun sets bright and clear, 

an Easterly wind you need not fear. — Den. 

If the the sun sets as clear as a bell, 

it 's an Easterly wind as sure as hell. — Basil Hall, Fragments of 

Ore di sonno. Un ora per un ammalato, due per un viandante, tre 
per un studente, quattro per un mercante, cinque per un 
lavorante, sei per ogni corpo, sette per ogni porco. 

Giov. d. Evaditi, iv. 378. 

The night is the time of rest for all creatures. — Breton, Crossing of 
Provs., ii. 

Air Ave Maria 

o a casa o per la via. — Torr. 

i.e. at sunset. In S. Italy the succeeding hour is looked on as 
the most dangerous of the twenty-four. 

La minuit est de coustuma 

aussi tenebrause et brune 

au dernier quartier de la lune 

qu'une bourse sans pecune. — Meurier, 1558, Coll. M., 3 r. 

Coucher de nuit du matin seoir, 

droit a midy, aller du soir. — Meurier, 1568. 

Le vinti quattro 

chi le annovera e matto. — Torr. 

i.e. attempts to count the hour from the clock striking, it being 
the custom to have six hours only marked on the face and 
for the hour hand to traverse it four times in the twenty-four 
hours, the number being struck that corresponds with the 
position of the hand. 


El mal ano entra nadando. — Nufiez, 1555. 
In January if sun appear 
March and April pay full dear. 

Fair days in January deceive many in February (dissimulation). — Dr. 

The blackest month in all the year 
is the month of Janiveer. — Den. 
A January spring 
is worth naething. — Den. 

If Janiveer calends be summerly gay 

'twill be winterly weather till the calends of May. — R. 

Aubrey quotes the Welsh, Haf hyd gatan gaiaf hyd Fay. — 
Thoms., Anecdotes &• Traditions, p. 82. 
If the grass grows in Janiveer 
it grows the worse for 't all the year. — R., 1670. 

If you see grass in January 
lock your grain in your granary. — Inwards. 
January commits the fault and May bears the blame.— Ital. ; Ho. 



To have January chicks. Aver i pulcini di Gennajo. To have 
children in old age. — R., 1813. 

Pulcin di Gennajo. A child begotten by an old man. — Torr. 

Chi ha pulzi de Genaro 

a I'ista un centenaro. — Archiv., iv. 257, Palermo. 

A January haddock, a February bannock, and a March pint of 

ale. — Den. 
Si il villano supiesse el sabor de la gallina en Enero, 
no dexaria ninguna en el pollero. — Nunez, 1555. 
If one knew how good it were 
to eat a hen in Janiveer 
he would not leave one in the flock 
for to be trodden by the cock. — Ho. 

If one but knew how good it were 

to eat a pullet in Janiveer 

if he had twenty in a flock 

he'd leave but one to go with cock.— R., 1670. 

January never lies dead in a dyke gutter. — Den. 


freeze the pot by the fire. — Ho. 

A kindly good Janiveere [1573' 

freeseth pot by the fiere. — Tusser, Fivi Hundyedth, &c. [Jan. Absi.^, 

Jack Frost in Janiveer 

nips the nose of the nascent year. 

January white, 

February fill-dyke. — Sternberg, N'hants Glossary. 

As the day lengthens 

so the cold strengthens. — CI. 

When the days do lengthen 
the cold doth strengthen. — Torr. 

[at Candlemas an hour wide. — Den.] 

At New Year's tide a cockstride, 

by Twelfth-tide another beside. — (Wore.) Lees. 

It is now February, and the sun is gotten up a cockstride of his 
cUmbing. — Breton (N.), Fantastiches (Feb.). 


February sun 

is dearly won. — C, 1636. 

All the months in the year 
curse a fair Februeer. — R., 1670. 

The Welshman had rather see his dam on the bier 
than to see a fair Februeer. — R., 1678. 

Soulgrove sil lew. i.e. February [is] seldom warm. — Aubrey, Rem. 
of G. S-J. 



In February if thou hear'st thunder 

thou wilt see a summer's wonder. — D. 

January white, 

February fill-dyke. — Sternberg, N limits Glossary. 

February fill dike 

either with black or white ; 

he will fill it ere he go 

if it be but with a fold of straw. — Ho. 

February fill the dick 

every day white or black. — Parish, Sussex. 

February fill dike 

be it black or be it white ; 

but if it be white 

it 's the better to like. — R., 1670. 

February fill dyke, March muck it oot again, i.e. snow and 
rain to follow. — Peacock, Lincolnshire Glossary. 
February fill the dike 
with what thou dost like. 

Tusser, Five Hundred, &=c. [Feh. Ahst.'], 1573. 
February fill ditch 

black or white, don 't care which. — Essex. 
If foul- faced February keeps true touch 

He makes the toiling ploughman's proverb right, 
by night, by day, by little and by much, 

He fills the ditch with either black or white. — Taylor, Works, 394. 

If February is dry, there is neither good corn nor good hay. — 
N., I., xi. 112. 

Much February snow 

a fine summer doth show. — Chamberlain, W. Worces. Words, E. D. S. 

February makes a bridge and March breaks it. — Herb. 

February fire lang, 

March-tide to bed gang. — Carr, Craven Glossary. 


doth cut and sheer. — R., 1678 ; B. Jon., A Tale of a Tub, i. i. 

February if ye be fair 

the hoggs* will mend and nothing 'pairf, 

February if ye be foul | 

the hoggs will die in every pool. — Ch. 

* i.e. sheep. f Impair. } Rainy, not snowy. 
Reckon right and February hath one and thirty days. — Herb. 

Hebrero corto con sus dias veyute y ocho 

quien bien los ha de contar treynta le ha de echar. — Nunez, 1555. 

D. Pedro. Good morrow, Benedict. Why, what 's the matter ? 

That thou hast such a February face, 

So full of frost, of storm, of cloudiness ? 

Shak., Much Ado, v. 4, 40. 

3rd Thursday. The fair-day of Auld Deer 

is the warst day in a' the year. — (Aberdeen) Ch. 




March cometh in like a Lyon and goes out like a lamb. — Systema 

AgricuUuva, by J. W[orlidge], 1669. 
March hack ham* 
comes [in like a lion, goes out like a lamb]. — R., 1670 ; North, Life 

of Guilford, ii. 74; Ho., Dendrologia, 1640. 

* Hackande = Annoying. Balkham. — Fr. Black ram. — Inwards. 

March wind wakens the ether and blooms the thorn. — P. Robin, 1729. 

A windy March and a rainy April make a beautiful May. — R. 

March winds and April showers 
bring forth May flowers. — Den. 

March flowers 

make no summer bowers. — Inwards. 

March yeans the lammie and buds the thorn, 

but blows through the flint of an ox's horn. — (Northumberland) Ch. 

March birds are best. — P. in R., 1678. i.e. partridges. 

A chick now and then of a month old, but March birds are too 
strong meat. — Breton, A Physician's Letter, 1599. 

March cocks is aye crawin'. — Gregor, Aberdeen Journal. 
March birds lays in harvest, i.e. the hen chicks then hatched 
become laying pullets in harvest time. — P. Robbings Olminick, 
As mad as a March hare. i.e. wild. — He. See HU., Diet. 
One foal falling in March is worth two falling in May. — Markham, 

Country Contentments, I., 161 5. 
April borrows three days of March and they are ill. — R., 1670. 

[The three last days (O.S.) of March. See Scott's n. Heart of 

March borrowed of April 

three days and they were ill. — K. 

[they killed three lambs were playing on a hill. 

April borrows of March again 
three days of wind and rain. — British Apollo, iii. 

No. 18. 
March does from April gain 
three days and they 're in rain, 
return'd by April in 's as bad kind 
three days and they 're in wind. — British Apollo, u. s. 

Marco yguarco. — (Port.) Nunez, 1555. [The equinoxes]. 
A wet March makes a sad harvest. — Inwards. 
March rain spoils more than clothes. — Inwards. 
March water is worse than a stain in cloth. — Inwards. 
March water is worth May soap. — Mearns ; Ch. 
March dust is worth its weight in gold. — M. 
Vino de Marco nun^a encubado. — Nunez, 1555. 



Muddy water in March, muddy water every month of the year. — 

Chamberlain, West Wore. Words. [E.D.S.] 
A bushel* of March dust [on the leaves] is worth a king's ransom. 

—CI.; Ho. 

* Coome. — F. 
A peck of March dust worth ransom is of gold. — Tusser, 1557; Den. 

March dust to be sold 

worth ransom of gold. — Tusser, Mar. [Abst.^, 1573. 

Haz. refers to Forby, E. A . Voc, p. 48, art. Busk. 
The streets he gravell'd twice a day. (Vice- Chancellor on King 
James IL's visit to Cambridge.) 

One strike of March dust for to see 
no proverb would give more than he. 

Bp. Corbet, Poem to tune of " Bonny Nell." 

A dry March never begs its bread. — Brady, Clavis Calendaria. 

March dust and May sun 

makes corn white and maids dun. — Den, 

March wind'''' and May sun 

make clothes f white and maids dun. — R. 

* Water.— Ch. t Cloths.— By. 

March dust and March win' 
bleaches as weel as simmer's sun. — Ch. 

E come il sol di Marzo che muove e non risuolve. — Ho. 

The March sun raises but dissolves not. — Herb. 

A March sun sticks like a lock of wool. — (Sp.) Ho. 

Like a March sun, which heats but does not melt. — Ho. 
worse than the sun in March, 

This praise doth nourish agues. — Shak., i Henry IV., iv. i. 

Haver sole di Marzo. i.e esser felice. — Torr. 

March whisquer 

was never a good fisher. — Ferg. 

i.e. a windy March bad fishing-time. — K. 

March comes in with adder-heads and goes out with peacocks' 
tails.— K. 

It is the bright day that brings forth the adder 

And that craves wary walking. — Shak., Julius Casar, ii. i. 

March many weathers [rained and blowed, 

but. — F.] March grass never did good. — R., 1678. 

Mists in March bring rain 

or in May frosts again. — Inwards. 

He is, in religious practices, 

Like the spring in that windy month. — T. Adams, Wks., p. 472. 

March many forwards, i.e. promises, covenants. — Prompt, Parv.; 
Forward, Chester Plays, i. 63. 

March many forwards in his words, December in his actions. — T. 
Adams, White Devil : Works, p. 47. 1629. 



March search, 

April try, 
May will prove 

whether you live or die. — N., I., xi. 416. 

If you kill one flea in March you kill a hundred. 

In Suflfolk fleas are said to be particularly brisk thrice a year : at 
oat-sahwen, at oat-hahwen (when the hose or sheath spathe 
of the ear appears), and at oat-mahwen. — Nail, Great Yarmouth. 

Never come March, never come winter. — Chamberlain, W . W. Words. 

I. On the first of March 

the birds begin to search. — North D. {i.e. pair.) 

If from fleas you would be free 

on the I St of March let all your windows closed be. 

Sussex F elk-Lore Record, i. 50. 
March dust on an apple-leaf 
brings all kinds of fruit to grief. — Bull, Pomona Herefordensis, p. 50. 

Lyde (an old name for March). See Spring. 

Lide [or Lede] 
pilles the cowes hide. 

Minsheu, Emendatio Ductoris in Linguas, 1627. 

i.e. March pinches the beasts. — Smyth, Hundred of Berkeley, 
p. 201. 1639. 

Ducks won't lay till they have drunk Lide water. — Folk-Lore 
Journal, iv. 221. 1886. 

24. If the bushes hang of a drop before sunrise it will be a dropping 
season ; if the bushes be dry we may look for a dry summer. 
— Mrs. Lubbock. 

The Blackthorn wmter. A spell of N.E. winds, which prevail 
towards the end of the month when the sloe comes into 

Like to the Blackthorn, which puts forth his leaf, 

Not with the golden fawnings of the sun 

But sharpest show'rs of hail and blackest frosts. 

Chapman, Byron's Tragedy, iii. i. 


A cold April 

the barn will fill.— F. 

A cold April, much bread and little wine. — (Sp.) Ho. 

11 n'est si joli mois d'Avril 
qui n'ait son chapeau de gresil. 

April wears a white hat. — Inwards. (Frost.) 

When April blows his horn 

it 's good both for hay and corn. — R., 1670. 

The thunder being accompanied by rain. 

As changeable as an April day. — Inwards. 



He 's like an April shower 

that wets the stone nine times in an hour. 

Smyth, Berkeley MSS., 1639. 
Cherries. If they blow in April 

you '11 have your fill, 

but if in May 

they '11 all go away. — Pegge's Kenticisms, 62. 

April with his back " and bill 
plants a flower on every hill. — D. 

* ? hack. 
[Sweet*-] April showers 

do spring May flowers. — C, 1629. 

make — CI. 

bring forth . . . . — Ho. ; R. ; G. Harvey, Letter Booky 

P- 34- 1573* 

* Tusser, Ap. [Ahst.'], 1573. 

All w^- mine A^'- flowers are humbly sent unto y""- good Ladyship 
for that I hope very shortly to see the May flowers of y''- 
favour. — Gascoyne, Complaint of Philomene. 

An April flood 

carries away the frog and her brood. — CI. 

April weather 

rain and sunshine both together. — Haz. 

Called Le nozze del Diavolo. — Torr. 

Till April is dead 
change not a thread. 

April cling* 

good for nothing. — (Somt.) P. in R., 1678. 

* ? Sling or slink, a calf prematurely born. 

If it thunders on All Fools' day 

it brings good crops of corn and hay. — Inwards. 

Aayprul vools gan paast 

and you be the biggest vool at last. 

Lowsley, Berkshire Words and Phrases. 
[Must be said before noon.] 

On the first of Aperill 

you may send a gowk whither you will. — Haz. 

The first of April, some do say, 

is set apart for All Fools' day. — P. Robin, 1760. 

The first and second of April 
hound the gowk another mile. — Jam. 

3. The third of April 

comes in the cuckoo and the nightingale. — F. 

This would make the 14th, N.S., which is our *' cuckoo day." 

If the first three days of April be foggy, there will be a flood in 
June. — (Huntingdon) iV., II. 




Cast* not a clout 

till May be out. — Hen. 

* Change. — Haz. 

The wind at North and East 

was never good for man nor beast, 

so never think to cast a clout 

until the month of May be out. — Robinson, Whitby Gloss. 

The merry month of May. — R., 1678. 

Of fair things the month of May is fair. — Cod. 

The pleasant month of May 

doth not last alway. — With., 1608. 

Come it aire, come it late, 

in May comes the cow-quake. — Ferg. 

i.e. a cold rain with wind. R., 1678, suggests the gramen 
tremulum or " quaking-grass." 
As welcome as flowers in May. — He. 
He : to my eyes 

As foul weather to the skies. (Ironical.) 
She : And you to mine as mists to the day, 

or frosts unto the month of May. — Flecknoe, A Rural Dialogue. 

U.P.K. spells May goslings. — Haz. 

U.P.K. spells goslings in May. — Brady, Var., p. 16. 

May-day is come and gone ; 

thou art a gesling and I am none. — Den. 

He has na more sense than a May gosling. — W. Rye, in Norfolk 
Ant. Misc., i. 308. 

Cold May enriches no one. — Inwards. 

A la mi- Mai queue d'hivar. 

If you would the doctor pay 

leave your flannels off" in May. — Elworthy, W. Som. Word Book. 

A cold* May and a windy 

makes a fatf [full — R., 1670] barn and a findy|. — Ho. 

* Wet. — K. t i-e- solid, full, substantial. — K. \ What finds or supports. 
Cold May and windy, 

barn filleth up finely. — Tusser, May \Ahst.'] 1573- 
Checks growth of weeds and corn from growing rank. — Ellis, p. 9. 

A cold May 

full bay* 

Good fcr corn and bad for hay. — Baker, N'hants Glossary. 

* of barn. 
A cold May 
[plenty of corn and hay] 

A cold May is kind. — Chamberlain, West Wore. Words. 

Shear your sheep in May, 

and shear them all away. — R., 1670. 

A wet May and a winnie 

brings a fou stackyard and a.finnie. 




Mactaggart {Gall. Ency.) derives this from Find, to feel, weigh 
wheat in the hand. 

A swarm of bees in May 

is worth [a cow and her calf and] a load of hay, 

but a swarm in July 

is not worth a fly. — Herts. Ellis, The Mod. Husbandman, May (2), 167. 
A swarm in August is not worth a dust. 

The herrings are na guid till they smell the new hay. — Northd. Ch. 

A cameral haddock 's ne'er gude 

till it get three draps o' May flude. — Ch. 

Quien en Mayo come la sardina 

en Agosto caga la espina. — Cornw. Nunez, 1555. | 

Cockles and ray 

come in in May. — Harland and Wn., Lancash. Leg., p. 224. 

A hot May 

makes a fat church-hay — Haz. 

yard. — Ho. 

Chyrche-haye. — Cimiterium ; Wright, A Vol. of Vocabulanes (14th 
Cent.), p. 178. 

Marry in May and you '11 rue the day. 

Who weds in May 

throws all away. — Ovid Fasti, v. 490. 

May birds are aye cheeping (chirping in the nest). 

Mense Maio nubunt male. — Fuller, W. of E. 

From the marriages in May 

all the bairns die and decay. — Den. 

He that would live for aye 

must eat sage* in May. — R., 1678. 

* and butter. — F. 
Cur moriatur homo cui salvia crescit in horto ? — Schola Salernifana. 
This month eat butter and red sage. 
And you shall live out your full age ; 
If no red sage be to be seen. 
You may for need take that is green. 

Great store of authors much do utter 

In praise of this same sage and butter. — P. Robin, 1669. 

Merchant May's Httle summer. — Cornw. Haz. 

Flowers in May, 

fine cocks of hay. — York. N., I., x. 210. 

A north-east wind in May 
makes the Shot'ver men a prey. 

i.e. at Dover, where it is a good wind for mackerel fishers. — P., 4i- 

May butter. If during the month of May before you salt your 
butter, you save a lump thereof and put it into a vessel, and 
so set it into the sun the space of that month, you shall find 
it exceeding sovereign and medicinable for wounds, sprains, 
aches, and such-like grievances. — Markham,£«^. Hwife. 1615. 



Be it weal or be it woe, 

beans blow before May doth go. — P. in R., 1678. 

The last spring floods that happen in May 
carry the salmon fry down to the say (sea). 

The floods of May 

take the smolts away [young salmon]. 

May-bes don't fly [this month] now. — S., P.C, i. 

May rain kills lice. — Den. 

A May wet 

was never kine yet. — Wor., Lees. 

A May flood 

never did good. — CI. 

A labberly May [wet, splashy] 

makes a good crop of hay. — Somerset. Pulman, Rustic Sketches, p. 69. 

Bourbes (mud) en May, espies (ears of corn) en Aoust. — Nunez, 1555. 

A wet May 

will fill a byre full of hay. — Den. 

Be sure of hay 

till the end of May.— Tusser, May [Abst.'], 150. 
A weat Maay brings plenty of corn and plenty of haay. — Peacock, 
Lincoln Gloss, 
i.e. dry weather gives the Wheat an opportunity to begin 
opening its sheath or hose, and let out the green ear of the 
more forward and largest stalks. — Ellis, M. H. May (8). 
May never goes out without a wheatear. — Forby, E. A . 

The first of May 

is Robin Hood's day. — Strutt, Sports and Pastimes [ed. Hone]. 

The Twenty-ninth of May 
shick-shack* day. 

Oak-leaves worn up to noon ; after twelve, ash-leaves substi- 
tuted. — Lowsley, Berkshire Words and Phrases. 
* A Somerset term. 
The fair maid who on the first of May 
goes to the fields at break of day, 
and washes in dew from the hawthorn-tree, 
will ever after handsome be. — Haz. 
May-day, pay-day, 
pack rags and go away. 

Th3 day of entering and leaving farm- service. — Jackson, Shrop- 
shire F.L., p. 465. 
Mese di fiori, 
mese di dolori. 
To do what one can to get up May hill. — Torr. (Of a convalescent.) 

— Wise, N. Forest. 
Whereas in our remembrance Ale went out when Swallows came in, 
seldom appearing after Easter, it now hopeth (having climbed 
up May hill) to continue its course all the year. — F. W., 



Cf. All wheat should May or look yellowish in April, and be of 
a black-green in May. — Ellis, M. H. May (2). 
He that is hanged in May will eat no flaunes* in Midsummer. 
Dryfesdale says in Scott, Abbot, ch. xxxiii. (A.S., flena.) 

* Pancakes. 
Grief melts away 
like snow in May. 


As fresh as a rose in June. — R., 1678. 

Calm weather in June 

corn sets in tune. — Tusser, Jtme [^^5^.] 1573. 

A good leak in June 
sets all in tune. — Den. 

A dry May and a dripping June 

brings all things in tune. — Baker, N'hants Glossary. 

Lane croie cabbyl dy ushtey laal yoan feeu mayl Vannin. 

A horseshoe full of water on St. John's day (24th) is worth the 
rent of the Isle of Man. — Man. Misc., ii. 21. 

The bree 's*' upon her like a cow in June. — Shak., A. and C, iii. 10. 

* Brise, a gadfly. 

The blossoming of the bramble early in June indicates an early 
harvest. — Illustrated London News, ig/ii/'Si. 

If on the eighth of June it rain 

it foretells a wet harvest, men sain. — R. 

Wait or barley '11 shut ^ in June 

nif they baint no higher 'an a spoon. (A late season.) Elworthy, 
W. Som. Word Book. 

* i.e. sprout. 

If it rains on Midsummer Eve all the filberds will be spoiled. — D. 

23. Under the stars on the Eve of St. John 

lucky the babe that those stars shine on. — N., VIII., vi. 217. 
Quoted on the birth of Duchess of York's child. 

The cuckoo sings in April, 

the cuckoo sings in May, 

the cuckoo sings at Midsummer, but not upon the day. 

Jackson, Shropshire Folk Lore, p. 222. 


A shower in July when the corn begins to fill 

is worth a plough of oxen and all belongs theretill. — K. 

Bow-wow, dandy-fly, 

brew no beer in July. — Den. 

In July 

shear your rye. — Den. 



No tempest, good July, 

lest corn look ruely. — Tusser, July \_Ahst.^ ^573- 

• . . come off bluely. — F. To come bluely off. — R., 1678. 

See ex. in Hll. Also Urq. Rabelais, IV., xxxv. ; Ward, English 
Reformation, i. 67 ; T. Brown, Works, i. 284. 

If the first of July it be rainy weather, 

'twill rain more or less for four weeks together. — R. 

forty days. — Den. 

Sordido. O here " St. Swithin the 15 day, variable weather, for the 
most part rain" good! "for the most part rain": why it 
should rain forty days after, now more or less, it was a rule 
held afore I was able to hold a plough, and yet here are two 
days no rain ; ha ! it makes me muse. — B. Jon., Every Man 
out of his Humour, i. i. 

Upon Saint Swithin's * day I noted well 

The wind was calm, nor any rain then fell ; 

Which fair day, as old saws saith, doth portend 

That heav'n to earth will plenteous harvest send. 

Taylor (W. P.), Part of tins Summer's Trav. \_Misc., i., Spens. Soc] 
* July 15th : apple christening day. [West Country saying.] 

Such a man [the Engrosser of Corn] . . . makes his Almanac his 
Bible : if it prognosticates rain on St. Swithin's day he loves 
and beheves it beyond the Scripture. — T. Adams, Wks., p. 836. 

In 1887 a drought which had lasted for all June was followed on 
the 15th July by a fair rain, but the drought reestablished 
itself, and was not fairly broken till August 31. 

The dog-days extend from the 3rd July to the nth August. Called 
Caniculares, because the dog-star Sirius is in the ascendent. 
They are mentioned Shak., H. VIII., v. 3 ; Taylor, Works, 
fo. 394. 


Dry August and warm 

doth harvest no harm. — Tusser, Aug. [Ahst.l 1573. 

[but] a rainy August 

makes a hard bread-crust. — Denham, F.L.N, of E., 1851, p. 6. 

Secundum proverbium Etruscum dicuntur Vendere solem de mense 

The French still say a man has made his August, i.e. his harvest 

is gathered in. 
Ferrare Agosto. — Torr. 

Stare in allegria e in conviti il 1 ™°' di Agosto. 
Agua de Agosto 

azafran, miel y mosto. — Nunez, 1555. 
He was born in August. (Of a well-skilled person.) — Ferg. 

F. W. gives it as a Scots proverb current in Northumberland 
and as the periphrasis of a liquorish person, and " such as 
would be tasters of everything they can come by, though 

not belonging to them." 



It is good to eat the briarsin the sear month. — Aubrey, Remains ofG. S^J. 

When the blackberries ripen in August it is a forward season. 
Merry be the first 
and merry be the last 

and merry be the first of August. — Haz., p. 280. 
24. If the twenty-fourth of August be fair and clear, 

then hope for a prosperous autumn that year. — R. 


Fools grow fat in September. 
Auld Reekie's sons blithe faces wear, 
September's merry month is near 
That brings in Neptune's caller cheer 

New oysters fresh, 
The halesomest and nicest gear 

O' fish or flesh. — Robt. Ferguson, Caller Oyster. 

September blow soft 

till the fruit be in loft.— Tusser, Sep. [^^5^.], 1573 ; R. 

For, as you 've been in Society, you '11 pawsibly remember 

That of all the dullest months in Town far the dullest is September ; 

Of all the dullest, deadest months in all the dull, dead year — 

If that line aint in Tennyson, I 'm sure it 's precious near — _ 

And if you ask the reason why our Town- house we aint quittink, 

It 's cos of that 'ere Parliament as will keep on a sittink. — Thackeray. 

I. Saint Partridge day. 


Dry your barley-land in October 
or you '11 always be sober. — Den. 

Often drunk and seldom sober 
falls like the leaves in October. — F. 
And he that will to bed go sober 
falls like the leaf still in October. 

B. and F., The Bloody Brother, ii. 2. 
Good October, a strong blast, 
to blow hog acorn and mast. — Tusser. 
Twenty-five days in October. 
In October dung your field 
and your land its wealth shall yield. 

If in the fall of the leaves in October many of them wither on the boughs 
and hang there, it betokens a frosty winter [and much snow — 
Inwards] or many caterpillars. — Stevenson, Tzmlve Moneths, 1661. 
In October not even a cat is to be found in London. 
The prevalence of berries on the holly-bushes indicate a cold winter. 
— Illustrated London News, ig/ii/'8i. 
This applies to fruit of this kind in general, more especially to 
the haws. It is a pretty theory that provision is thus made 
for the birds in the hard weather predetermined on. It is 
merely the result of a profusely flowering summer. • 




November, take flail : 

let ships no more sail. — Tusser, 1573; P. Rob., 1675 ("Old prov."). 

Let the thresher take his flayle 

and the ship no more sayle. 

Breton, Fantastics (Nov.). 
If there 's ice in November to bear a duck 
there '11 be nothing after but sludge and muck. — N. 

If ducks do slide at Hollandtide,"*'' at Christmas they shall swim. — 
Globe, lo/ifSy. 

* [All Hallows or All Saints', the ist November.— Ed.]. 

There are fifteen days in November in which you don't need a great- 

November has twenty days on which the sun shines. 

Sprat weather. The dark days of November and December. — 
Cowan, Sea Proverbs (American). 

I. On the first of November, if the weather holds clear, 
an end of wheat sowing do make for this year. — Den. 

10. If Nov. 10 be cloudy it denotes a wet, if dry a sharp winter. — 
Stevenson, Twelve Moneths. 

II. St. Martin. 

St. Martin's little summer. 

*' Expect St. Martin's summer, halcyon days." 

Shak., Hen. VI., Pt. i.. Act I., ii. 131. 
A San Martin 
Met la legna siil camin. [Milan.] 

" On St. Martin's day 
Your fires lay." — Cheales. 


December's frost and January's flood 

Never boded the husbandman's good. — Times, i/i/'84. 

4. St. Barbara. 

Barbara makes bridges (of ice), 

Sara (Dec. 5) sharpens the nails, 

And Nicholas (Dec. 6) drives them in. — Russian Prov. 

6. St. Nicholas. 

St. Nicholas in winter sends the horses to the stable, 

St. Nicholas in spring (May 9) makes them fat. — Russian Prov. 

21. St. Thomas. 

St. Thomas grey, St. Thomas grey. 

The longest night and shortest day. — (Somerset). 

25. A green Christmas makes a fat churchyard. 

A warm Christmas — a cold Easter, 
A green Christmas — a white Easter. 




Dat Clemens * hiemem : dat Petrus ver Cathedratus t 
iEstuat Urbanus | : autumnat Bartholomgeus. § 

Ducange, Gloss. Mediae et Infimae Lat., I., col. 882 [in 
edition of 1733; p. 495 in edition of 1884, v. sub 
Autumnus. — Ed.] 
[Elisabet hiemem dat (Nov. 19). — Bedwell, W. [Ephemerides] 
op., i. 266.] 

* Nov. 23. t Feb. 22. X May 25. § Aug. 24. 

Every month hath its flower, 
Every flower hath its hour. 
Step on nine daisies, Spring's first sign. — Roper. 
It ain't Spring till you can plant your foot on twelve daisies. 
When the hain-beard appear 
the shepherd need not fear. 

The advent of genial weather is shown by the coming of the 
field wood-rush [Luzula campestris). — Baker, Nliants Glossary. 

A wet spring is the sign of dry weather in harvest. — Den. 

March in Janiveer, 

Janiveer in March I fear. — R., 1678. 

A late spring 

is a great bless-ing. — D. 

Better late ripe and bear than early blossom and blast. — F. 

An ague in the Spring 
is physic for a King. — Ho. 

Calenturas de Mayo salud para todo el aho. 

Qui a la fievre au mois de May 

tout I'an demeure sain et gay. — Joubert, Er. Pop., 11. (34). 

Le rest de Fan sit sain et gay. — Bacon, Promus (1650). 

Eat leeks in Lide and ramsins in May 
and all the year after physicians may play. 

Aubrey, Remains of G. and J. ; Nat. Hist, of Wilts ^ P- 51* 

Lide is March. — BuUokar, Cov. Myst., p, 340. 

Leeks purgeth the blood in March. — Bullein, Gov. of Health, 
f. 64. 1558. 

Britton says in a note to Aubrey that he has seen it written : 
Eat leeks in Lent and raisins in May. 

If they would drink nettles in March and eat mugwort in May 
so many fine maidens wouldn't go to the clay. — Den. 

In March milk is good for yourself, in April for your brother, and in 
May for your mother-in-law. — (Spanish.) 

In March 

the birds begin to search, 

in April 

the corn begins to fill, 

in May 

the birds begin to lay. — (Lancashire) Hll. 



Kill crow, pie and cadow, 

rook, buzzard, and raven, 
or else go desire them 

to seek a new haven. — Den. ; Tusser, Mar. \_Abst.'\ 1573. 

Thunder in Spring 

cold will bring. — Inwards. 

Le Vendredy Sainct & aourne [=31 March, 1469] vint & yssit du 
Ciel plusieurs grans esclats de tonnoire es partissemens & 
meveilleuse pluye qui es bahist beau coup de gens, pour ce 
que les enciens dient tousiours que nul ne doit dire helas, 
s'il n'a ouy tonner en Mars. — Chronique Scandaleuse. 1468 (end). 

And also in March is time to sow flax and hemp, for I have hard 
old housewyves say that Better is March hurdes [or hards] 
than April flax : the reason appeareth. — Fitzherbert, Book of 
Husbandry, f. 61. 1534. 

Sin, repentance, and pardon are like to the three vernal months of 
the year, March, April and May : Sin comes in like March, 
blustering, stormy, and full of bold violence ; Repentance 
succeeds like April, showering, weeping, and full of tears ; 
Pardon follows, like May, springing, singing, full of joys and 
flowers. — T. Adams, Man's Comfort, 1653, iii. 299. 


Summer hath no fellow. — CI. 
Cra, Cra di sta' 
per tutto e ca'. 

or Cra, Cra se vien la sta' 
mi faro una ca'. — Torr. 

The sound of the crowing cock suggests out of door life in the 

Summer is a seemly time. There is a second part to this proverb, 

but it is paltry. — K. 
Qui amant ipsi sibi somnia fingunt. — W., 1616. 
[He is a dreaming.] 

You dream of a dry summer. — Ho. ; CI., Cribro divinare, p. 64. 
To dream of a dry summer — R., 1670; Daniel Rogers, Matrimonial 

Honour, 194. 1642. 
One swallow makes* not summer. — He. 

[Yet a prodigal's summer makes many swallows. — P. Rob. Prog. 

* brings. — Gosson, Sell, of Ab. ; Withals, 1616. 

It is not one swallow that bringeth in summer. — Taverner, f. 25. 1539. 
An EngHsh summer begins on the 31st July and ends on ist of 

August. — H. Walpole. 
" There were four very hot days at the end of last month [July], 

which you know with us Northern people compose a summer. 

— H.W., Letter to Earl of Strafford, August 25, 1771, from Paris. 

VOL. I. 

369 24 


An English summer — three* fine days and a thunderstorm. 

* two. — Den. 

Don't sit on the grass in any month that has an r in it. — Agric. 

Communications, S^c. (Causes agues.) 
When the sand doth feed the clay 
England Woe and Well-a-day ! 
but when the clay doth feed the sand 
then its well with old England. — R. 1670. 

When the sand feeds the clay 
England cries " Well-a-day ! " 
but when the clay feeds the sand 
it is merry with England. — F. W. 
i.e. it is better by far that the Vales feed the hilly country than 
that the Vales. — Ellis, Mod. Hush., June, '52. 

Because there is more clay than sandy ground in England. — 
R. 1678. 

A dry summer never made a dear peck. — K. 

begs its bread. — (Cornwall) Haz. 

There can't be too much rain before midsummer, nor too little after. 
— G. B. Worgan, Agriculture of Cornwall, 3. 

'Tis said that from the twelfth of May 

to the twelfth of July all is day. — Spurgeon. 

Put off flannel on Midsummer night and put it on again next 
morning. — Boerhave. 

Short summers lightly have a forward spring. — Shak., Richard III., 
iii. I ; Tusser ; B. Jon., New Inn., ii. i. 

Little mead, 

little need.— P. in R. 1678. 

Mild winter after bad summer, and so bees badly fed. 

If many white thorn blossoms or dog-roses are seen, expect a severe 
winter. — Inwards. 

When the bramble blossoms' early in June, an early harvest is 
expected. — (Scotland) Murr. 

So long as the dog-rose appears before Midsummer, so long before 
Michaelmas the harvest will commence. — The Star, May 13, 

Frosty nights and hot sunny days 
set the corn-fields all in a blaze. — Sw. 


A blackberry summer. A few fine days at the close of September 
or opening of October, when the fruit of the bramble ripens 
[in the N. of England]. — Den. 

Pulcrorum autumnus pulcher. — Quoted Bacon, Essays. Of Beauty. 

Of fair things the autumn is fair. — Herb. 

Autunno per la bocca primavera per I'occhio. — Torr. 



If on the trees the leaves still hold, 

the winter coming will be cold. — Harland and Wn., Lane. Leg., 233. 

Where we fare well four days and did complain 

Like harvest folks of weather and the rain. — Bp. Corbet, Iter Boreale. 

A huncht* back-end, and melchf Spring. — Peacock, Lincoln Glossary. 

* Cold, ungenial. t Mild. 

Not only the Spring, but the Michaelmas Spring, 
The middle Summer's Spring. — Shak., Midsummer Night's Dream, ii. 2. 

Thou latter Spring. — Shak., i Henry IV., i. 2. 

I'hus we see how Fall of th' leaf 
Adds to each condition grief; 
Only two there be whose wit 
Make hereof a benefit. 
These conclusions try on man 
Surgeon and Physician, 
While it happens now and then 
Kill than cure they sooner can. 

Rd. Brathwait, Shepheard 's Tales, 162 1, p. 254. [P. 302 in reprint 
of 1887.— Ed.] 


Come sol d'invierno 
quien sale tarde e pone presto. 
Well, horse, winter will come. — Ho. 
The English winter, ending in July, 
To recommence in August. — Byron, Don Juan, xiii. 42. 
There is but one winter in England, but the difficulty is to know 
when it begins and when it ends. 

Invierno solagero 

verano barrendero [dusty]. — Nunez, 1555. 
A good winter bringeth a good summer. — He. ? Dr. 
A green winter makes a fat churchyard. — R., 1670. [211. 

A hot Christmas „ ,, „ — Swan, Spec. Mun., 1635, p. 

Improved drainage and more wisely chosen sites for houses have 
however altered this. 
If the blackbird sings before Christmas he will cry before Candlemas. 
As long as the bird sings before Candlemas he will greet after it. — K. 
When there is a Spring in winter and a winter in Spring the year 
i^ never good.* — Cod. 

* Won't be good for anything. 
A. mild winter makes a cold summer, 
A long winter maketh a full ear. — Bacon, Promus, 374. 

An early winter 

a surly winter.* — Den. 

* summer. — Roper. 

An air winter 

makes a sair winter. — Chambers. 



Till New Year sweat 

till May no hea.t.— Globe, io/if8y. 

Onion's skin very thin, 

mild winter coming in ; 

onion's skin thick and tough, 

coming winter cold and rough. — Inwards. 

One woodcock makes no winter. — J.Wilson, The Cheats, 1663. C. 1636. 

The woodcock's early visit and abode 

Of long continuance in our temperate clime 

Foretell a liberal harvest. — Phillips, Cider, II., 177. 

Winter finds out what summer lays up. — R., 1670. 

Winter reveals 

what summer conceals. 

If the winter is windy the spring will be rainy. — Agric. Commun., &c. 

Winter is summer's heir. — R., 1678. 

Al invierno lluvioso 

verano abondoso. — (Spanish) R. 

Winter never dies in her dam's belly (sure of frosts or snows, first 
or last). — Smyth, Berkeley MSS. 

Winter never rots in the sky. — R., 1670. 

Beware therefore of extremities and till the Lord hath truly brought 
down thy winter out of the sky know it will never rot there, 
it must be the merciful calm of grace which must bring a 
settled calm upon thy soul. — Dan Rogers, Naama?i, pp. 264, 
565. 1642. 

Ne caldo ne gielo 

non resta mai in cielo. — 1530. 

Winter thunder 

is old men's wonder. — CI. 

Winter thunder 

is summer's wonder. 

Ho. ; Willsford, Nature's Secrets, p. 113 ; T. Jevon, 

The Devil of a Wife, ii., 1686. 
Winter thunder 
bodes summer hunger. — M. 

Winter's thunder and summer's flood 
never boded EngHshman good. — Ho.; R., 1670. 
Den. has " Summer in winter." 

Who doffs his coat on winter's day 

will gladly put it on in May. — (Scotland) Murr. 

Winter time for shoeing, 

peascod time for wooing. — (Devon.) See Haz., Brand, ii. 57. 

Winter weather and women's thoughts often change. — Dr. 

Wedding and ill wintering tames both man and beast. — CI. 

Winter tames man, woman, and beast. — Shak., Taming of the 
Shreiv, iv. i. 




If New Year's eve night wind blows South, 

it betokeneth warmth and growth ; 

if West, much milk and fish in the sea ; 

if North, much cold and storms there will be ; 

if East, the trees will bear much fruit ; 

if North-east, flee it, man and brute. — Den. 

If it rain much during the twelve days after Christmas, it will 
be a wet year. — Inwards. 

He might be not altogether improperly charactered an ill wind 
that begins to blow upon Christmas eve, and so continues 
very loud and blustering all the twelve days. — Brathwait, 
Whimzies, 1631 : A Pedler. 

Take out, then take in, 

bad luck will begin ; 

take in, then take out, 

good luck bring about. — Brand. 

At Twelfth-day the days are lengthened a cock-stride. (The 
Italians say at Christmas.) — R., 1670. 

At New-year's day a cock stride, 
at Candlemas an hour wide. — Den. 

At New- Year's tide 

the days lengthen a cock stride. — North. 

Pray don't 'ee wash on New Year's day, 

or you'll wash one of the family away. — N"., VIIL, ix. 46. 

Jan. 7. On St. Distaff's day 

neither work nor play. — Den. 

Rock-day dividing the holidays from work-days. 

[The morrow after Twelfth Day — Jan. 7, called Rock 
Day; because the women then resumed work with 
the rock or distaff, or professed to do so. — Ed."| 

Jan. 22. St. Vincent Vincenti festo 
si sol radiet memor esto. 

Prens garde au jour St. Vincent 
car, sy ce jour tu vols et sent 
que de soleil soiet cler et biau 
nous erons du vin plus quel'sau. 

Jan. 25. If St. Paul be fair and clear, 
then betides a happy year ; 
if the wind do blow aloft, 
then of wars we shall hear full oft ; 
if the clouds make dark the sky, 
great store of people then will die ; 
if there be either snow or rain, 
then will be dear all sorts of grain. — F. 



Clara dies Pauli bonitatem denotat anni 
si fuerint venti crudelia prcelia genti 
quando sunt nebulae pereunt animalia quaeque 
si nix aut pluvia sit, tunc fiunt omnia chara. 

Harl. MS. 4043 ; Rel. Ant., ii. 10. 

Clara dies Pauli multas segetes notat anni 

Si fuerint nebulae, aut venti erunt proelia genti. 

Feb. 2. If Candlemas day be fair and bright, 
winter will have another flight ; 
if on Candlemas day it be shower and rain, 
winter is gone and will not come again. — R., 1678. 

If Candlemas day is fair and clear, 

there '11 be twa winters in the year. — (Scotland.) 

[corn and fruits will then be dear.— Inwards.] 

If Cannlemas day be lound and fair, 

yaw hawf o' t' winter 's to come and mair ; 

if Cannlemas day be murk an' foul, 

yaw hawf o' t' winter 's geean at Yule. 

Robinson, Whitby Glossary. 

On Candlemas day, if the sun shines clear, 

the shepherd had rather see his wife on the bier. — Forby, E. A . 

Hoc mihi dixit Hiems, Si sim quandoque morosa 

In Candeloso, semper ero radiens. 

MS. Harl. 4043, i6th Cy., f. i ro. 

Men were wont for to discern 

By Candlemas day what weather should hold. 

Skelton, Garlande of Lmirell. 

In Yorkshire ancient people say 

If February's second day 

Be very fair and very clear 

It doth portend a scanty year 

For hay or grass, but if it rains 

They never then perplex their brains. — P. Robin, Feb., 1735. 

As big as bull-beef at Candlemas. — Den. 

My Candlemas bond upon you. 

Den. ; Hone, Every Day Book, i. 12. 

i.e. you owe me a New Year's gift. 

If the sun shines in the forenoon 

winter is not half done. — Gentleman's Magazine, I., 403. 1799. 

A Candlemas eve wind. — See N., V., ii. 391. 

Where the wind blows on Candlemas eve it will continue till 

May eve. 
At Candlemas 
the cold comes to us. — F. 

If it neither rains nor snows on Candlemas day 

you may striddle your horse and go and buy hay. — (Line.) Haz. 

As long as the bird sings before Candlemas, so long she greets 
after. — K. 



As far as the sun shines in on old Candlemas day, 
so far will the snow blow in before old May. 

Mrs. Lubbock, Norfolk Arch., ii. 291. 
First comes Candlemas, then the new moon, 
and the next Tuesday after is Fasten's e'en. 

i.e. Shrove Tuesday. 
When once is come Candlemas day 
leave off at cards and dyce to play. — P. Robin, 1702. 
At Candlemas day 
it 's time to sow beans in the clay. — ? Ellis. 

On Candlemas day 

throw candle and candlestick away. — P. in R., 1678. 

On Candlemas day 

you must have half your straw*' and half your hay. — R., 1678. 
* Turnips. — Lubbock. Stover. — Haz. (2nd ed.), p. 381. 

The rule of husbandry that at Candlemas a prudent husband- 
man should have half his fodder and all his corn remain- 
ing. — Smyth, Berkeley MSS., 1639. 

On Candlemas day 

a good goose will lay, 

but on Candlemas day [? Valentine's. — Ed.] 

any goose will lay. — Den. 

Candlemas day 

the good husewife's goose lay, 

Valentine day 

yours and mine may. — Haz. 

From Candlemas to May is called the Canting quarter, a 
species of chaffing. 

Does your goose lay ? 
Does your maid stay ? 
is a couplet in vogue, farmhouse servants being then " hired 
for May." — Jackson, Shropshire Word Book. 
When Candlemas day is come and gone 
the snow lies* on a hot stone. — R., 1678. 

* Won't lie.— Lubbock. 

When the wind 's in the East on Candlemas day 
there it will stick till the second of May. 

N., I., V. 462 ; vi. 238, 334, 421. 

Feb. 12. If the sun shines on St. Eulalie's day 

it is good for apples and cider, they say. — (French.) 

Feb. 14. In Valentine 

March lays her line. — Baker, Northamptonshire Glossary. 

On Saint Valentine 

all the birds of the air in couples do join. — Forby, E. A . 

Saint Valentine 

set thy hopper by mine. — R., 1678. 

By Valentine's day every good goose should lay, 
but by David and Chad both good and bad. 

Chamberlain, W. Worcestershire Words [E. D. S.] 



On Valentine's day 

will a good goose lay ; 

if she be a good goose, her dame well to pay, 

she will lay two eggs before Valentine's day. — R., 1678. 

To Saint Valentine the spring is a neighbour. — Ho. 

On St. Valentine's day 

cast beans in clay, 

but on St. Chad 

sow good or bad. — Smyth, Berkeley MSS. 

(Seed-time of that Lenten crop limited between Feb. 14th and 
March 2nd.) 

Feb. 24. Saint Mathias. (The farmer's day. — Norfolk Ant. Misc., i.) 
Saint Matthee 
shut up the bee. — R., 1678. 

Saint Matthee 

sends sap into the tree. — R., 1678. 

Saint Mattho 

take thy hopper and sow. — R., 1678. 

Saint Matthy 

all the year goes by. — R., 167S. 

Because in leap-year the supernumerary day is intercalated. 
Saint Matthews- 
get candlesticks new : 
Saint Matthy 

lay candlesticks by. — Forby, E. A . 

* September 21. 
March i. Quoth Saint David, " I '11 have a flood." 

25. Saith our Lady, " I '11 have as good."* — P. Robin, 1684. 
* Spring-tides in Wales. 
March i, 2, 3. First comes David, next comes Chad, 

and then comes Winneralf as though he was mad. 

Hone, Every Day Book, 
i Winnold. — D. St. Winwaloe was Archbishop of Touralain. 
White or black 

or old house thack. — N., I., i. 349, where these last words are 

interpreted, " Snow, rain, or wind," 
the latter endangering the thatch. 
March i, 2. David and Chad 

sow good or bad. — Ho. 

David and Chad 

sow peas good or bad. — R., 1670. 

Upon Saint David's day 

put oats and barley in the clay.— P. in R., 1678. 

Ray considers this too early. 
March 2. Before St. Chad 

every goose lays, both good and bad. — R., 1678. 

Pascua Marzal hambre o mortandad [Plague or slaughter]. — 
Nunez, 1555. 




On Mothering Sunday, above all other, 

every child should dine with its mother. — Baker, Nliants Gloss. 
March 17. On Saint Patrick's day 

let all your horses play. — D. 
March 21. Saint Benedick 

sow thy pease or keep them in thy rick. — R., 1678. 
No puede mas faltar que Marzo de Quare ma. — Nunez, 1555. 
As sure as March in Lent. — Codrington's Prov., 1672. 
When the Pancake bell begins to knell, 

the frying-pan begins to smell. — Den. ; Folk Lore of the N. of E., 
1850, 19. 

As bashful as a Lentel lover. — D. i.e. one who abstains from 

touching his mistress. See Cotgrave, Diet. Caresme. 
Marry in Lent 

and you '11 live to repent. — (E. Ang.) Haz. 
Never come Lent, never come winter. 
Salmon and sermon have their season in Lent. — R., 1670, tr. 

Saumon comme sermon 

en Careme ont leur saison. 

So much as the sun shineth on Shrove Tuesday, the like will shine 
every day in Lent. — Shepherd's Almanack for 1676, February. 

Fartar gatos que he dia de Entrudo [Shrove Tuesday]. — (Port.) 

Shrove Sunday, 

Collop Monday, Pancake Tuesday, 
Ash Wednesday, bloody Thursday, 
Friday's lang but will be dune, 
And hey for Saturday afternune. — Den. 

On Lady-day the later 

the cold comes on the water. — F. 

On Shrove Tuesday night, though thy supper be fat, 
before Easter day thou may'st fast for all that. 

(Isle of Man) Haz. 
Wherever the wind lies on Ash Wednesday it continues all 

Lent. — Forby, E. A. 
Care Sunday, care away 
Palm Sunday and Easter day. — Den. 

He that hath not a palm in his hand on Palm Sunday must 

have his hand cut off. — Den. 
Nan los clerigos a los concejos 
traen los cucos en los capellos. — Gallego, Porqne. 

En su tierra van los clerigos la Semana Sancta a sus Obispos y 
a la buelta dizen esto porque es entonce, el tiempo que 
vienen los cucos. — Nunez, 1555. 

Tid, mid et misera,*" 
carling Palm and good Pacedayf. — Den. 

* The first words of the Psalms : Te Deum, mi Deus, and miserere mihi. 

t Paste egg. 



Mas largo que el Sabado Sancto. — Nunez, 1555. 

The wind that blows on Palm Sunday generally prevails through 
summer. — N. 

Sabato manda I'uova e Pasqua le benedice. The Enghsh 
tradition is, Hai for an egg at Easter. — Torr. 

Benedetto come I'uovo di Pasqua. i.e. quasi maladetto, perche 
I'uovo di Pasqua vogliono che non durino piu che tre 
giorni. — Torr. 

An egg at Easter. See Haz., Brand, i. 95. 

As hard as an egg at Easter. — Den. 

Esser spacciato a segno che I'uovo di Pasqua no'l salo arebbe. — 

Bosco Pasco Karenza Venza. The Boscawen motto. 

By beef at Easter love cometh. 
You keep Easter when I keep Lent. — F. 
If it rains on Good Friday and Easter day 
it 's a good year of grass and a sorry year of hay. — (Wore.) Lees. 

Rain on Easter day, 

plenty of grass but little good hay. — Sternberg. 

If the sun shines on Easter day it shines on Whitsunday like- 
wise. — Den. 
Easter, so longed for, is gone in a day. — Ho. 

When Easter-day falls on our Lady's lap 

then let England beware a rap. — See note Haz. (2nd ed.), p. 475. 

When our Lord doth lie in our Lady's lap, 
then, O England, beware of a clap. — Codr. 

Pascha voglia o non voglia 
non vien mai senza foglia. 

Quando Marcus Pascha dabit 

Et Antonius Pentecosten celebrabit 

Et Johannes Christum adorabit 

Totus mundus Vae clamabit. — N., VI., xii. 49. 

Altas o bajas 

en Abril son las Pascuas. — Nunez, 1555. 

Despues de Pascua nao tem sazaon 

ne figos, ne passas, ne predicacion. — (Port.) Nunez, I555' 

At Easter let your clothes be new, 
or else be sure you will it rue, 

Did'st thou not fall out with a tailor for wearing his new doublet 
before Easter? — Shak., Romeo and Juliet, iii. i. 

April 23. About St. George, when blue is worn, 

bluebells the fields and woods adorn. — Lees. 
Wear a blue coat on great Saint George's day. — Barry, Ram 
Alley, v. 

April 23. St. George cries " Goe ! " 

24. Saint Mark cries " Ho ! "—Aubrey, Nat. Hist, of Wilts. 



You have skill of man and beast, you was born between the 
Beltans*.— K. 

* ist and 8th May. 

At Christmas great loaves, at Easter clean souls, and at Whit- 
suntide new clothes. — Ho. See Easter. 

If you sow the seeds of the stock on Good Friday at sunset, 
the flowers will come double. — (Wore.) Lees. 

No dexes los, pellejos* 

hasta que Vengan los Galileos.f — Ho. 

* Waistcoat. f Gospel for Ascension. 

Black lad Monday. The Monday in Easter week. — D. 

Fine on Ascension day, wet on Whit Monday [and the 
converse]. — (Hunts.) N., IV. 

At Whitsuntide poke-Monday, when people shear kogs: viz., 
Never.— Ho. 

Despues de la Ascension 

ni salmon ni sermon. — Nunez, 1555. 

Cf. San Vio 

La moier batte il mario. 

June II. When Barnaby bright shines night and day, 
poor Ragged Robin blooms in the hay. — Lees. 

Tune — * ^^'^"^^y bright, 

•' 21. the longest day and shortest night. — Ho. ; R., 78. 

June 15. If Saint Vitus' day be rainy weather 

it will rain for thirty days together. — Den. 

Quand Jean fait jeuner Dieu* 
la Paix regne en tout lieu. 

C.C. day falls on 23rd June, owing to a late Easter. 

* i.e. Fete Dieu. 

June 24. St. John Baptist. 

Cut off thistles before St. John 

you will have two instead of one. — Forby, E. A . 

July 4. St. Martin of Bullion. 

If the deer rise dry and lie down dry on Bullion's day there will 
be a good gose harvest, i.e. in the last days of summer. — 
Chambers, Book of Days. 

Bullion's day gif ye be fair 

for forty days there'll be na mair. — B. Jon., Every Man out of 
his Humour, i. 

July 15. All the tears that St. Swithin can cry 

24. Saint Bartholomew's dusty mantle wipes dry. — Inwards. 

If St. Swithin weep that year the proverb says 

the weather will be foul for forty days. — F. ; P. Robin, 1697. 

If it rain on St. Swithin's day expect 'twill do so forty days 
after more or less. — Ho. 

379 '^ 


St. Swithin's day, if thou dost rain, 

for forty days it will remain ; 

St. Swithin's day, if thou be fair, 

for forty days 'twill rain nae mair. — Den. 

How if on Swithin's feast the welkin lowers, 
and ev'ry penthouse streams with hasty showers, 
twice twenty days shall clouds their fleeces drain, 
and wash the pavements with incessant rain. 

Gay, Trivia., i. 183. 

In a majority of our summers a showery period, which with 

some latitude as to time and circumstances may be 

admitted to constitute daily rain for forty days, does 

come on about this time, but it is not marked off by any 

long space of dry weather preceeding it. — Forster, The 

Perennial Calendar. 

St. Swithin is said to be christening the apples. — Den. And see 

under July. 

Till St. Swithin's day be past 
the apples are not fit to taste. 

July 20. St. Margaret. 

Margaret's flood. Heavy rains. 

St. Mary Magdalene said to be washing her handkerchief to 
go to her cousin St. James' fair. — F. L. Journ., iii., 

July 22. St. Mary Magdalene's day. The roses begin to fade. 

July 25. Whoever eats oysters on St. James' day will never want 
money. — Den. 

Till Saint James' day be come and gone 
■ you may have hops or you may have none. — R., 1670. 

Aug. I. Lammas. Contracted from St. Peter ad vincula-mass. — 
D. Laing, n. to Andrew, of Wyntonn, iii, 391. 

After Lammas corn ripens as much by night as by day from 

the heavy night dews. — P. in R., 1678. 
The Lammas flood was never lost. — Spectator, i/6/'95. 
Gula Augusti. The calends or first day of August. 

Till Lammas day (called August's wheel), 
when the long corn stinks of camomile*. 

Mactaggart, Gallovidian Encyc. 
* La goute d'Aout (corn marigold). 
Aug. 15. Assumption of B.V.M. 
When Mary left us here below 
the Virgin's Bower begins to blow. 
i.e. the Clematis vitalba. 

Aug. 24. St. Bartholomew 

brings the cold dew. — R., 1678. 

Sept. I. Saint Giles' breed; fat, ragged and saucy. — Bo. 

Saint Giles' house. The gallows. — Roxb. Ball, ed. Collier, 3. 



Sept. 14. If dry be the buck's horn 
on Holyrood morn, 

'tis worth a kist of gold ; 
but if wet it be seen 
ere Holyrood e'en, 

bad harvest is foretold. — (Yorksh.) N., II., vi, 522. 
On Holyrood day the devil goes a-nutting. — Forby, E. A. 

If the hart and the hind meet dry and part dry on Rood-day fair, 
for sax weeks of rain there '11 be na mair. 

To Buckinghamshire he dress'd him thence. 
At Ixill before the deer fell to offence, 
To finish that time his hunting season. 
For Holyrood day was then past and gone. 

W. Forrest, Grysild the Second, p. 69. 1558. 

Sept. 21. Saint Matthew 

get candlesticks new. — Forby, E. A. See St. Matthy. 

St. Matthew 

brings on the cold dew. — F. 5"^^ St. Bartholomew. 

Sept. 29. Michaelmas rot 

comes never in the pot. — CI. ; R., 1670. 
[comes short of the pot.] 

Those sheep which, by wet summers, honeydews, or like 
causes of rot, which then commonly comes in August or 
September, rotting at Michelmas, die in Lent after, when 
that season of the year permitted not the poor man to 
eat them. — Smyth, Berkeley MSS. 
On Michaelmas day the devil puts his foot on the black- 
berries. — N. 
(About this time in a wet season the fly deposits her eggs 
in the fruit.) 
So many days old the moon is on Michaelmas day, so many 
floods after. — Ho.; Stevenson, Twelve Months, 1661, p. 44. 

The Michaelmas moon 

rises nine nights a' alike soon. — Ch. 

A hoarfrost on Michaelmas day in the morning denotes a hard 


Michaelmas chickens and parsons' daughters never come to 
good. — North all. Folk Phrases of Four Counties. 

Eat less and drink less 

and buy a knife at Michaelmas. — Ho. 

Saint Luke's summer. A few days before and after. 

Oct. 18. On Saint Luke's day 

the oxen have leave to play. — F. 

About Saint Luke's day 
let the tup have his way. 
Oct. 28. St. Simon and Jude. 

Simon and Jude 

all the ships on the sea home they do crowd. 



Dost thou know her then ? 

Trap. As well as I know 'twill rain upon Simon and Jude's 

day next. — Middleton, The Roaring Girl, i. i. 
/. Dapper. Now a continual Simon and Jude's rain beat all 

your feathers as flat down as pancakes. — Ih,, ii. i. 

Nov. I. All Saints. 

Martillmas beef doth bear good tack 

when country folk do dainties lack. — Tusser. 

If ducks do slide at Hollantide, 

at Christmas they will swim ; 
if ducks do swim at Hollantide, 

at Christmas they will slide. 

At Saint Martin's day 

winter is on his way. — Ho. (Verified 1881-82.) 

When the ice before Martlemas bears a duck 

then look for a winter of mire and muck. — Evans, Leicester. 

Nov. II. As fat as a bacon-pig at Martlemas. — Den. 

i.e. after pasture is over, and when killing and curing begin. 
If the ice will bear a goose before Christmas, it will not bear a 
duck after. — Den. See November. 

If there is ice that will bear a duck before Martlemas, there 

will be none that will bear a goose all the winter. — 

(Midland) Haz. 

The winter of 1880 — 1881 disproved the first proverb, as 

skates were used before Christmas and again at the end 

of January during a continuous frost of more than a week. 

If the ice bears a man before Christmas it will not bear a 

mouse after. 
When the plough is stopped three times before Christmas there 

will be no more frosts after. — (Berkshire.) 
If the wind is in the S.W. at Martinmas it keeps there till after 
Candlemas. — Inwards. 

Expect St. Martin's summer, halcyon days. 

Shak., I Henry VI., I. ii., 131. 
Between Martinmas and Yule 
water 's wine in every pool. — Ch. 

Nov. 23. Cattern and Clement comes year by year, 
some of your apples and some of your beer. 

J. Allies in Athenanm, 1847. 

Nov. 25. Da Santa Catarina a Natale 

v'e un mese per uguale. — Torr. 

Dec. 13. Lucy [bright] Light, 

the shortest day and the longest night. — R., 1678. 

In old style St. Lucy's day was the 21st Dec. 

Their's was a Saint Lucy's day, short and cloudy ; ours is a 

Saint Barnaby's day, which hath scarce any night at all. — 

T. AdamS; p. 1222. 




Cada cosa en su tiempo 

y nabos en Adviento. — Nunez, 1555. 

Dec. 21. Saint Thomas gray, St. Thomas gray, 

the longest night and the shortest day. — N. 
St. Thomas divine, 
brewing, baking, and killing of fat swine. — Agric. Comm. 

The wind for the next lunar quarter will stick wherever it is on 
St. Thomas day at noon. — Inwards. 

Dec. 26. If you bleed your nag on St. Stephen's day 
he '11 work your work for ever and aye. — Den. 

[three days after or three days before 
Advent Sunday knocks at the door.] 

J. E. Vaux, Church Folk Lore, p. 216. 
Saint Andrew the King 

three weeks and three days before Christmas comes in. — 
Forby, E. Ang. 

Blessed be Saint Stephen, 
there is no fast upon his even. 

Because 'tis Christmas night. — Ho. 

Ghosts never appear on Christmas eve. — Den. 

Cf. Shak., Hamlet I., i. 158. 

Christmas comes but once a year — C, 1614. 

and when it comes it brings* good cheer, 

but when it 's gone it 's never the near. — R., 1670. 

* there is. — Ho. 
Christide cometh but once in the year. — Dr. 
Coming ! ay, so is Christmas. — S., P. C, i. 
They keep Christmas all the year. — Walker, Par. ; p. 25. 
A black Christmas makes a fat churchyard. — Den. 
A green Yule and a white Pays make a fat Kirkyard. — Dean 

Vert Noe, blanques Paques. 

They talk of Christmas so long that it comes. — R., 1670, tr. 

Christmas lasts not all the year (Occasio). — CI. 

Light Christmas, light wheatsheaf ; 

dark Christmas, heavy wheatsheaf. — Inwards. 

A light Christmas, a heavy sheaf.* — Ho. 

* Sheath. — Agric. Cotnm. 

A green Christmas brings a heavy harvest. — N., IV., x. i. 

Green Christmas, white Easter. — Cheales. 

If the sun shines on Christmas day there will be accidents by 
fire* all the next year. — Agric. Comm. 

* Incendiary fires. — Chamberlain, West Wore. Words, 

If Christmas day be bright and clear 
there '11 be two winters in the year. 

Havergal, Herefordshire Words. 



Those who are born on Christmas day cannot see spirits. — 

If Christmas day on a Monday fall 

a troublous winter we shall have all. — Den. Haz. says Sunday. 

La Navidad al sol y la de Flores ^ al fuego 
si quies el aho derechero. — Nunez, 1555. 

* Easter. 
He 's a fool 
who marries at Yule, 
for when the bairn 's to bear 
the corn 's to shear. — Hen. 

A gowf at Yule will no be bright at Beltane [Whitsuntide]. 

Cf. Festivals, May i and 8. — Cunningham, Burns' Glossary. 

Tu cries Noel devant qu'il soit venu. — Cordier, 1538. i.e. 
triompher devant le victoire. 

Better have a new-laid egg at Christmas than a calf at Easter. 
— Chamberlain, West Wore. Words. 

A Yule feast may be quit at Pasch. — Ferg. i.e. don't return 
civilities too quickly nor too tardily. 

After a Christmas comes a Lent. — R., 1678. 

As many mince-pies as you eat at Christmastide, so many happy 
days you will have in the New Year. ? at different tables, 
so refreshing your friendships. 

It is easy to cry " Yule " at other men's cost. — He. 

It is eith to cry Zula on ane uder manis coist. — Bann., MS. 
in Hen. 

It 's eith crying Yule 

on anither man's stool. — Ramsay. 

Now 's now, but Yule 's in winter. — K. 

Feastings are the physician's harvest-Christmas. — CI. [Should 
not the last word be first ? — V. S. L.] 

Yule is young on Yule even, 
and is old on St. Stephen. 

People rush at novelties and as quickly tire of them. — K. 

Yule is good on Yule even. — CI. i.e. everything in its season. — 
R., 1670. 

He that maketh at Christmas a dog his larder, 
and in March a sow his gardener, 

and in May a fool a keeper of wise counsel, [counsel, 

he shall never have good larder, fair garden, nor well-kept 
Lansdowne MS. 762, temp. Henry V. ; Rel. Ant., i. 233. 

Dec. 27. St. John the Evangelist. 

Never rued the man 

that laid in his fuel before St. John. — F. 




See Saturday. 

An old moon in a mist 
is worth gold in a kist,* 
but a new moon's mist 
will never lack thristf. — Den. 

* Chest. t Thirst. 
As safe as treasure in a kist 
is the day in an old moon's mist. — Den. 
An auld moon mist 
never dies o' thrist. — Mactaggart, Gall. Enc. 

Primus, secundus, tertius, nullus. 

Quartus aliquis, 
Quintus, sextus, qualis, 

Tota luna talis. 

M. Bugeaud's rule in planning expeditions. — Steinmetz. 

Change at midnight good promise. 

When Luna lowres 

then April showers. — Taylor (W. P.)'s Shilling, 1622. 

A fog and a small moon 

bring an easterly wind soon. — Cornwall. 

A new moon soon seen is long thought of. — Den. 

A new moon with sharp horns threatens windy weather. — Den. 

When early seen 'tis seldom seen. — Clyde, Norfolk Garland. 

Luna en cresciente 

luna en menguante 

euernos a Oriente 

euernos adelante. — Nunez, 1555. 

The nearer to twelve in the afternoon the drier the moon, 

the nearer to twelve in the forenoon the wetter the moon. 

Havergal, Herefordshire Words. 

The full moon eats clouds. — (Sea) Inwards. 

The full moon brings fair weather. — Den. 

When the moon 's in the full then wit 's in the wane. — Den. 

Midsummer moon. — Ho. i.e. madness. 

Shak. ; Nash; Have withyou, p. 39, ed. of 1869. 

The harvest moon : that of September. 

The hunter's moon : that of October. 

La luna sole de' Zingari. — Torr. 

When the moon is at the full 

mushrooms you may freely pull, 

but when the moon is on the wane 

wait ere you think to pluck again. — (Essex) Dyer, p. 42. 

cerco de luna 

nunca hinche laguna 

cerco del sol 

moja el pastor. — Nunez, 1555. 

VOL. I. 

385 25 


Near bur, far rain. — Forby, E. A. i.e. halo or brough. 

A far-off broch is a near-hand blast. — Spectator, June i, 1895. 

A far-off brough 

is a storm near enough. — Brockett, N. C. W. 

When round the moon there is a brugh * 

the weather will be cold and rough. — Den. 

* Halo. 
Far burr, near rain. — (Sea) Inwards. ' 

Circolo lontano pioggia vicina 

circolo vicino pioggia lontano. 

When the wheel is far the storm is n'ar, 

when the wheel is n'ar the storm is far. — Roper. 

The bigger the ring, the nearer the wet. — AT., I., ii. 434. 

Pallida luna pluit, rubicunda flat, alba serenat. — CI. 

Pale moon doth rain, red moon doth blow, 

white moon doth neither rain nor snow. — CI. 

Clear moon 

frost soon. — (Scotland) Murr. 

If the moon shows a silver shield 
be not afraid to reap your field. 

Harland and Wn., Lancash. Leg., p. 233. 
The bonny* moon is on her back, 
mend your shoon and sort your thack.f 

* ? horny, f i.e. prepare for wet weather. 
Two full moons in a calendar month bring on a flood. 

(Bedfordshire) A^., L, xi. 416. 

When the harvest moon is high the price of bread will be high ; when 

low, bread will be cheap. — Havergal, Herefordshire Words. 
The harvest moon 
rises nine nights ahke soon. 

As she is passing through one of her Northern nodes, or ascend- 
ing while the sun is Southing beyond the Equator, and 
descending, her march round the earth becomes, as it 
were, obvious on the horizon. Every night for about nine 
together we find her having her 13 degrees of more 
amplitude from the South which are about her daily 
number, and so waning away to the North. — Mactaggart, 
Gall. Enc. So there is no interval of darkness to hinder 
harvest operations. 
To know what wether shall be alle the yere after the chaunge of 
every moone by the pry me days ; — 

Sunday Pryme, dry weather. 
Monday ,, moist weather. 






cold and winde. 
Sonne clere. 
fayre and foule. 




Mist muged on the mor, malt on the mountes, 
Uch hille had a hatte, a myst-hakel huge. 

Sa Gawayn, ed. Madden, p. 77. 

The " crying " of the Dart foretells rain. " We shall have a change. 
I hear the Broadstones [in the river-bed] crying, or else 'tis 
Jordan Ball " [near the river]. — Trans. Devonsh. Assoc, viii. 58. 

When Bredon Hill* puts on his hat, 

ye men of the vale beware of that. — Higson. 

* Worcestershire and Gloucestershire. 

When Cairn's Muir* wears a hat, 

The Macher's Rills f may laugh at that.— Murr. 

Wigtonshire. The first N.N.E. of last. 

* Puts on his hat. — Chambers. 

t Palmuir and Skyreburn (mountain rivulets). — Chambers; [Galloway]. 

When Chevyut ye see put on his cap, 

of rain ye '11 have a wee bit drap. — Higson. 

If Cornsancone put on his cap and the Knipe be clear, it will rain 
within 24 hours. 

New Cumnock. Cornsancone Hill is to the E., and the Knipe 
to the S.W., of this district. 

When Criffell wears a hap* 

Skiddaw wots full well o' that. — Chambers. 

* i.e. covering. 
When Craig Owl puts on his cowl and Collie Law his hood, 
Then a' the Lundy lads ken there will be a flood. — (Forfarshire.) 

When Falkland hill puts on his cap 

the Howe o' Fife will get a drap, 

and when the Bishop* draws his cowl 

look out for wind and weather foul. — (Fifeshire) Chambers. 

* Bishop Hill and other prominent conical eminences in the Lomond 

If Ingleborough has got a cap, 

Warton Crag will have a sap. — Roper. 

When crops are clearly seen round Grange 

the weather soon will have a change. — (Lancaster) Roper. 

When Haldon hath a hac 

let Kenton beware of a skac. — (Devon) Brice, Did. 

When Heytor rock wears a hood 
Manxton folk may expect no good. — (S. Devon) Haz. 
Keep youi eye to Hingston*. Keep the main object in view. — 
Shelley, n. Haz. 
* i.e. Hengeston, in E. Cornwall, near Callington : high downs, serving 
for weather guide. 

When Largo Law puts on his hat 
let Kellie Law beware of that, 
when Kellie Law gets on his cap 
Largo Law may laugh at that. — Murr. 
The first is to the S.W. of the other. 



A Merse mist alang the Tweed 

in a harvest morning 's gude indeed. — Hen. 

There 's a high wooded hill above Lochnau Castle, 
Take care when Lady Craighill puts on her mantle, 
The Lady looks high and knows what is coming, 
Delay not one moment to get under covering. — Murr. 

The hill is to the N.W. 

Norwich. When three daws are seen on St. Peter's vane together, 
then we are sure to have bad weather. — Higson. 

When Percelty wears a cap 

all Pembrokeshire shall weet of that. — AT., L, viii. 6i6. 

A Glasson saying is " Rossall's wife is churning": when in still 
weather the sea is heard nestling on Rossall reef, an unfaiUng 
sign of coming S.W. storms. — Roper. 

If Riving pike do wear a hood 

be sure that day will ne'er hold good. — R., 1670. See Lancashire. 

When Roseberry Topping wears a cap 
let Cleveland then beware a clap. — Camd. 

When Ruberstone puts on his cowl, 

The Dunion on his hood, 
Then a' the wives o' Teviotside 

Ken there will be a flood. — (Roxburghshire) Chambers. 

If Skiddaw wears a cap 

Scruffel* wots full well of that. — Ho. See Cumberland. 

* Criffell on the Scottish border. 

When Taprain"^ puts on his hat 

the Lothian lads may look to that. — (Haddingtonshire) Chambers. 

* ? Traprain. 

There will be rain when Sowley hammer is heard, i.e. at Beaulieu 
(Hants), when the wind is S.W. (formerly iron furnaces 
there). — Wise, N. F., p. 72. 

If Snowdon be seen from Hampsfell (Grange) or from Stonydale it 
is a sign of speedy rain. — Roper. 

W. A cloud on Lidlaw Hills foretells rain to Carmylie, 
S.W. „ Bin Hill „ „ Cullen, 

N.W. ,, Paps of Jura ,, ,, j" Gigha and 

S. ,, Mull of Cantyre ,, ,, ( Cara, 

and if the cloud be white they expect wind with it. — Murr. 

Rain is expected at Arbroath when the Bell-rock light \ are par- 
,, ,, Cape Wrath ,, Orkney Islands ticularly 

,, ,, S.E. side Moray Firth ,, Ross-shire hills I clear and 

,, ,, Eaglesham ,, Kilpatrick hills distinct. 

,, ,, Cumbrae Island ,, Ailsa Craig j — Murr. 

Dirty weather comes out of Wigmore Plole. — Roper. 




To complain 
Like harvest-folks, of weather and the rain. — Bp. Corbet, Iter Boreale. 

In England, if two are conversing together, 

The subject begins with the state of the weather ; 

And 'tis ever the same, both with young and with old, 

'Tis sure to be either too hot or too cold. 

'Tis either too wet, or else 'tis too dry, 

The glass is too low, or else 'tis too high ; 

But if all had their wishes once jumbled together, 

Pray Avho upon earth could live in such weather ? 

It seemeth to me that it 's best as it be. 

And one thing is sure — tbey would never agree. 

There 's corn in the markets, there 's hay in the mangers, 

And that 's more than there 'd be if men were the 'rangers, 

Jack would dry up the wheat to get in the hay. 

We should have no more turnips if Tom had his way ; 

But thanks to the goodness that rules altogether. 

Say whatever they like, they can't alter the weather. 

Man 's a fool : 

When it 's hot, he wants it cool ; 

When it 's cool, he wants it hot. 

Ne'er contented with his lot. 

I consider, as a rule, 

Man 's a fool. — Cheales. 

Barometer. When rise begins after low 

squalls expect and clear blow. 

First rise after very low 
indicates a stronger blow. 

Long foretold, long last ; 
short notice, soon past. 

When the glass falls low 
prepare for a blow ; 
when it has risen high 
let all your kites* fly. 
(From Manual of Weathevcasts, by A. Steinmetz, 1866, p. 155.) 
* i.e. light sails, " flying kites." 

To talk of the weather is nothing but folly, 

when it rains on the hill 't may shine* in the valley. — Denham. 

> ■ * be sun. 

Weather wise, fool other wise. — Whyte Melville, Katerfelto^ ch. 27. 

Uber Wetter und Herrenlaunen 

runzle niemals die Augenbraunen. — Gothe. 

Change of weather is the discourse of fools. — R., 1670. 

Be it dry or be it wet, 

the weather always pays its debt. 

Nothing so surely pays its debt 

as wet to dry and dry to wet. — Lees. 



Ill weather comes unsent for. — Melbancke, Phil., F. 4. 

Sorrow and ill weather comes unsent for. — K. 

Like ill weather, sorrow comes unsent for. — CI. 

In this country nobody pays his debts like rain. 

H. Walpole, Lett, to Countess of Ossory, July 9, 1788. 

After drought cometh rain, 
after pleasure cometh pain, 
but yet it continueth not so ; 
for after rain 
cometh drought again, 
and joy after pain and woe. 

MS. Cott. Vesp., A. xxv. ; Rel. Ant., 323. 

It is a proverb in Pindarus : " Homines etiam triduanum^prsenoscimt 
ventum." — T. Adams. 

* A three-days'. 

Though I write fifty odd, I do not carry an almanack in my bones 
to predeclare what weather we shall have. 

Massinger, City Madam, i. i. 

Man makes the almanac, but God makes the weather. 

Under the weather. — N., III., iii. 216. 

A fog in the moor 

brings sun to the door. — (W. of E.) 

Arragh Chayeeagh — a misty Spring, 
Sourey ouyragh — a gloomy Summer, 
Fouyr ghrianagh — a swory Autumn, 
as geurey rioceagh — a frosty Winter. — Mona Misc., ii. 21. 
The weather desired by old Manx people. 

Two conveniences sindle meets : 

what 's good for the plants, is ill for the peats. — K. 

What be good for the haay be bad for the turmuts*. 

Lowsley, Berkshire Words and Pkr. 
* Turnips. 
Steevin' hads out stormin'. 

Eating and drinking well are good preparation for exposure to 
the weather. — Jam. 

Thus : 
After a storm comes calm.* — CI. 

* Fair weather. 

A fair day is mother of a storm. — CI. ? weather-breeder. 

'Tis a thousand pities fair weather should do any hurt. 

Sir Robt. Howard, The Committee, i. 1663. 

'Tis [a] pity that fair weather should [ever] do any harm.* 

[S., P.C. ii.]. 
* Discontent. — Dr. 

Nodum in scirpo quaeris [curiositas]. — CI. 

[Facciolati, sub scirpus. De his, qui in rebus claris atque apertis 
difficultatem faciunt. " To seek a knot in a bulrush : to 
seek a difficulty where there is none." — Ed.] 



Welcome be thou well, fair weather. — Chester Plays, i. 189. 
You are like foul weather, you come unsent for. — F. 

[and troublesome when you come. — Bo.] 
Lang foul, lang fair. — Buchanan ; K. 
For armies oft find (you may take it on my word), 
Bad weather kills more than the bullet or sword. 

Ned Ward, Battle without Bloodshed, ii. 124. 

Under the greenwood tree 
hard weather endured must be, 

quoth Hendyng. — Rel.Ant., i. 113. 

Under boske shall men weder abide. 

When we stir the grees hoeh, 

gif the lowe be blue, 
storms o' wun an' weather 

will very soon ensue. — Jamieson. 

Autumn wheezy, sneezy, freezy, 
Winter sHppy, drippy, nippy, 
Spring showery, flowery, bowery, 
Summer hoppy, croppy, poppy. 

Sydney Smith. ? Brady, Clavis Calendaria. 

Un dia fris y otro caliente 

esta el hombre deliente. — Nunez, 1555. 

First it blew, and then it snew, 
and then friz and then it thew, 
and arter that it friz 'orrid. — Skeat, in Peacock's Lincoln Glossary. 

I came to my wheat in May 

and went sorrowful away, 

I came to my wheat at Woodsheer 

and went from thence with a good cheer. 

Of Leicestershire and other deep lands, warmly situated. In 
cold hill-countries, if the wheat is not well stocked with 
green wheat by the beginning of May, the crop will not be 
good. — Edw. Lisle, Observations on Husbandry, p. 64. 1757. 

He who bathes in May, 
will soon be laid in clay ; 
he who bathes in June, 
will sing a merry tune ; 
he who bathes in July, 
will dance like a fly. — Den. 

Cut thistles in May, 

they grow in a day ; 

cut them in June, 

that is too soon ; 

cut them in July, 

then they will die. — Chamberlain, W. Wore. Words. 

'Twill be dry, 

The swallow is high, 

or Rain, for the chough is afar. — Courthope, Paradise of Birds. 



The cry of the owl if heard in bad weather, foretells a change. 

St. James's Gazette, i^^/^/'SS. 
If the wild geese gang out to sea, 
good weather there will surely be. — Roper. 

Sea-gull, sea-gull, get thee on 't sand, 

'twill never be fine while thour 't on land. — Roper. 

" Weet, weet " [cry of the chaffinch], 

dreep, dreep [the rain it foretells]. — 5^. James's Gazette, i4/5/'89. 

A dry March, a wet April, and a dry May make plenty. 

Ellis, Mod. Hush., May, p. ii. 

A dry March, a wet April, a dry May and a wet June, 
is commonly said to bring all things in tune. 

Ellis, Mod. Hush., June, p. 50. 

A red gay May is best in any year ; 

February full of snow is to the ground most dear, 

a whistling March (that makes the ploughman blithe), 

and moisty April that fits him for the scythe. 

Wodroephe [French ?], The Spared Hours. 1623.. 

April and May are the keys of the year. — F. ; Ho. 

April rains for men. May for beasts. — Inwards, i.e. rainy April good 
for corn, rainy May for grass. 

A cold January, a snowy [or feverish] February, a dusty March, 
a weeping April, and a windy May, 
presage a good year and gay. — Ho. 

January or February 

do fill or empty the granary. — F. ; Ho. 

A peck of March dust and a shower in May 
make the corn green and the fields gay. — K. 

March dry, 

good rye; 

April wet, 

good wheat. — Illustrated London News, ig/g/'Si. 

'Twixt April and May if there be rain, 

'tis worth more than oxen and wain. — Inwards. 

Mist in May, heat in June, 

make the harvest come right soon. — Den. 

A dry May and a dripping June 

brings all things into tune. — (Bedfordshire) Inwards. 

A leaking May and a warm June 

bring on the harvest very soon, 

A leaky May and a dry June 

keep the poor man's head abune. — (Greenock) Inwards. 

May and June are twin sisters. — Den. 

One* hour's cold will spoil f seven hours' warming^. — K. 
*An. t Suck out. J Heat.— Den. 




What God will 

no frost can kill. — Ad., 1622 ; CI. 

Three rag-rimes [hoarfrosts] in succession is a sure sign of rain. 

Brogden, Lincolnshire Proverbs. 
A wise man to his son did say, 
" Keep on your winter things till May " ; 
A wiser man said to his son, 
'* Keep on your winter things till June " ; 
Then said the wisest man of all, 
" Best never leave them off at all." — CI. 

A black frost is a long frost. — Glohe, lo/i/'Sy. 

Frost and fraud have always foul ends.* — C, 1614. 

* farewells. 

In frost, they say, 'Tis good bad blood be nipt. 

Taylor, Nipping and Snipping of A buses. 

If frost in March, there will be some in May. — Ho. 

The mermaids can aught thole 

but frost out o' the thow-hole (south). — Mactaggart, Gallov. Encycl. 

A hoar frost 
third day crost, 

the fourth lost. — Harland and Wn., Lancash. Leg., p. 231. 
So many frosts* in March, so many in May. — P. in. R. 1678. 

* Fogs. — Forby. 

So many mists as in March you see, 
so many frosts in May will be. — Hen. 

Quick thaw, long frost. — Inwards. 

There 's never a standing frost wi' a fow dub*, i.e. frost suddenly 
following heavy rain seldom lasts long. — Murr. 

* Puddle. 
Walk fast in snow, 

in frost walk slow, 

and still as you go 

tread on your toe : 

when frost and snow are both together, 

sit by the fire and save shoe-leather. 

Quoted by Swift, Journal to Stella, 1710-11, as a Devonshire 
proverb, but doubtless his own impromptu jingle. 

He that would have a bad day must gang out in a fog after a frost. 

A windy Christmas and a cold Candlemas are signs of a good 
year. — Den. 

Dream, dream that the ocean 's queam,* 

dream, dream that the moon did beam, 

and the morning will hear the waves roar, 

and the sun through the cluds will not find a bore. 

Mactaggart, Gallov. EncycL 
* Quiet. 



Ros in gramine argumentum serenitatis est. 

Dew on the grass is an argument of fair weather. 

Jamia Linguarum, 1621. 

Much twinkling of the stars foretells bad weather. — Roper. 

It is a certain sign of rain 

when severed limbs again give pain. — Roper. 

When oxen low and midges bite, 

we all do know 'twill rain to-night. — Roper. 

When the glow-worm lights her lamp 
the weather is always damp. — Roper. 

Plenty of [? fine] weather but no climate in England. — (American.) 


Rain, which country people say goeth by Planets, goeth by Provi- 
dence. — F. W., Lane, 241. 

It rains by planets. — R., 1670. i.e. partially, as we say. 

Some rain, some rest. A harvest proverb. — R., 1678. 

More rain, more rest, 

more water will suit the ducks best. — (Cornwall) N., III., v. 208. 

[fair weather is na always best. — Devbyshive Reliquayy.~\ 

Dry overhead, happy. — R., 1813 ; Welsh, p. 14; Ho. 

It never rains but it pours. — Smollett, transl. Gil Bias. 

Three hoar [or white] frosts bring rain. 

When the cat sits * on her brain 

we 're sure to have rain. * Or sleeps. 

We shall have rain : the fleas bite. — CI. 

A man must not leave his way for a little rain. — Dr. 

A wise man carries his cloak in fair weather, and a fool wants his in 

rain. — K. 
To see it rain is better than to be in it. — (Securitas) CI. 
When it 's fair, take your umbrella ; when it rains, do as you please. 
" When you are all agreed upon the time," quoth the vicar, " I '11 

make it rain." — Ho. 

Accordatevi ed io faro piovere desse Arlotto. — Torriano, 1666. 

Por sol que haga 

no dejes tu capa in casa. 

Morning rain and women's tears are soon over. 

Rain before seven, 
fine before eleven, 
[lift. — Inwards.] 

Rain at seven, 

fine at eleven. 

[if that won't do try two.] 

Rain at eight, 

not fine till eight.* 
* ? night. — Roper. 



The pride of the morning, i.e. the name for slight rain soon after 

Pride of the dewy morning, 

The swain's experienced eye 

From thee takes timely warning, 

Nor trusts the gorgeous sky. 

Keble, 25th Sunday after Trinity. 
This is addressed to the rainbow. 

Between twelve and two 

you '11 see what the rain will do. 

When rain ceases wind begins to blow. — Agric. Comm. 

The faster the rain the quicker the hold up.*" — (Norfolk) Inwards. 

* Too fierce to last. 
A red sky indicates rain ; a red nose, wet. 

Night rains 

make drowned fens. — Forby, E. A.; N., I., vi. 6oi. 

Mais val agoa do Ceo qua todo o regado.* — (Portuguese) Bluteau. 

* Watering-pot. 
Stormy showers 

breed fragrant flowers. — Melb., Phil., p. 23. 

Small showers last long, but sudden storms are short. — Shak., 
Richard II., ii. i. 

A sunshiny shower 

never lasts half an hour. — Den. 

lasts not ,, ,, — Ma.ctSLgga.rtjGallov.Encycl. 

Sunshiny rain 

will soon go again. — (Devon) Inwards. 

Sunshine and shower 

rain in an hour. — Jamieson. 

When it rains with the wind in the East, 

it rains for twenty-four hours at least. — Forby, E. A . 

If the rain comes out of East 

'twill rain twice twenty-four hours at least. 

Aubrey, Nat. Hist. 0/ Wilts, p. 16. 
An easterly wind's rain,* 
makes fools fain. — Ulster Journal of Arch., ix. 78. 

* Being a dry one. 
Because as soon as it brightens unweatherwise people 
think it is going to stop the quarter. 
* Rain from East 

two days at least. — Chambers. 

An Eastern wind carrieth water in his hand. — (Sp.) Ho. 

If a S.E. wind bring rain, the latter is expected to last for some 
time. — (Scotland.) 

Quando Uueve de cierco,* Uueve de cierto. — Nunez, 1555. 

* A cold Northerly wind. 
When the pavement quickly dries after rain, more will follow. 
When the sun burns more than usual, rain may be expected. — Roper. 



Rain, rain, go to Spain ; 

fair weather come again. — Ho. 

When God wills, at all winds it will rain. — Dr. 

,, „ all winds bring rain. — CI. 

Quando Dios quiere con todos vientos Uueve. — Nunez, 1555. 
Whoso hath but a mouth 

shall never in England suffer drouth. — R., 1670. 
It is commonly said that some dry earths can easily dispense every 
summer's day with a shower of rain. [Of beans]. — Ellis, 
Modern Husbandry, Feb., p. 13. 1750. 
In April Dove's flood 
is worth a King's good. — Camb., Brit. (Staffordshire). 

From the chalk washed out of the channel over the land. 

Hampshire ground requires every day of the week a shower of rain, 
and on Sunday twain. — Ho. 

The Carle sky 

keeps not the head dry. 

Along the N. shore of the Solway, between Dumfries and 
Gretna, a luiid yellowish sky in the E. or S.E. is called a 
Carlisle or Carle sky, and is a sign of rain. — Murr. 

Margaret's flood. — N ., I., ii. 512 (July 20). 

The Lammas flood is never lost. — (August i.) 

If it rain when the sun shines it will rain about the same hour next 
day. — Inwards. 

Col. It rained and the sun shone at the same time. 

Neverout. Why the devil was beating his wife behind the door with 
a shoulder of mutton. — Swift, Polite Conv., i. 

The witches are making butter. — Polish. The devil is beating 
his grandmother (or he is laughing and she is crying). — 
German. Or a Kermess is being held in hell. — Rhenish. 

Never offer your hen for sale on a rainy day. — Den. 

I will not sell my hen in the rain (Obscuritas). — CI. 

Drought never brought dearth. — Herb. 

,, ,, bred ,, in England. — R. 

'Tis a saying in the West that a dry year does never cause a dearth. 
— Aub., p. 33. 

A dry year never beggars the master. — Ho. 

Jamais annee seiche ne faict povre son maistre. — Nunez, 1555. 

Apres trois jours on s'ennuye 

de femme, d'hoste et de pluye. — Bacon, Promns (1626). 

Under water, famine*; under snow, bread. — Herb. 

• dearth. — Den. 
Eine gute decke von schnee treibt das korn in die hoh. — Giani. 
A year of snow, a year of plenty. — (Sp. and Fr.) Ho. 
A snow year, a rich year. — Herb. 



Alio de nieves, 
ano de bienes. 

Because snow softens the high land as well as the low, not 
running off like rain. — Nunez, 1555. 

Time flies awa' 

like snaw in a thaw. — Den. 

A foot deep of rain 

will kill hay and grain ; 

but three feet of snow 

will make them come mo'. — R. D. Blackmore, Lorna Doone, ch. 1. 

Snow lying under the hedges is waiting for more. — Nunez, 1555. 

When in the ditch the snow doth lie, 

'tis waiting for more by-and-by. — Christy. 

Snow for a s'ennight is a mother to the earth, for ever after a step- 
mother. — (It.) R., 1813. 

If the first snow hangs in the trees it is a sign that the coming year 
will be a good one for fruit. — Chamberlain, West Wore. 
Words, E. D. S. 

Pepper is black, 

and hath a good smack, 

and every man doth it buy ; 

snow is white, 

and melts in the dike, 

and every man lets it lie. — Withals, 1586. 

When the snow falls dry 
it means to lie, 
but flakes light and soft 
bring rain oft. — Christy. 

Better an even-down snaw than a driving drift. — Cunningham, Gloss, 
to Burns. 

A snow-storm is as good for the land as a top dressing. 

If it rains at the ebb, 
you may go to bed ; 
if it rains at the flow, 
you may go to plough. 

If it raineth when it doth flow, 
then yoke your ox and go to plough ; 
but if it raineth when it doth ebb, 
> then unyoke your ox and go to bed. 

Aubrey, Nat. Hist, of Wilts, p. 16. 
(Observed as infallible by the inhabitants of Severnside.) 

A little rain serves to lay a great dust. Applied also to women's 

A misselyng* rain gendreth a great wet. — Taverner, Prov., 52. 1552. 

* Drizzling. 
Minutula pluvia imbrem parit. — Erasmus, Ad, 




If cold wind reach you through a hole, 

go make your will and mind your soul. — Den. 

To a child all weather is cold. — Herb. 

Every wind has its weather. — Bacon. 

The sharper the blast 

the sooner 'tis past. — Ch. Wesley. 

Down wind, down sea. — Smyth. 

If the fire blows* wind will soon follow. — Lewis, Herefordsh. Glossary. 

* Gas escaping from coal. 
A Northern air 
brings weather fair. — Den. 
Oh, if men in authority had sincerity suitable, the North wind doth 

not so drive away rain as they might suppress sin. — D. Rogers, 

Naaman, p. 419. 

Northerly wind and blubber 

brings home the Greenland lubber. — Den. 

The North wind doth blow 
and we shall have snow. — Den. 

Three ills come out of the North, 

a cold wind, a cunning knave, and a sleezy cloth. 

B. Jon., Bart. F., iv. 3. 
Omne malum ab Aquilone. 

Sit toga talaris si ventus sit Borealis. — W., 1616. 

When the wind is North- West 

the weather is at the best. — Aubrey, Nat. Hist, of Wilts, p. 16. 

A West wind North about 

never long holds out. — (Northumberland) Chambers. 
Do business with men when the wind is in the North-West. — (York- 
shire) Inwards. 

This bringing the finest weather, is said to improve men's 

tempers. — Inwards. 
Rather it sharpens both wit and tempers. 

An honest man and a N.W. wind go to bed together. [(Abating about 
sunset.) — M. 

The Westing is important. 

An Easterly wind downright, 

up in the morning and down at night. — Polwhele, Corn., V. 36. * 

Quand il fait de la bise 

il en pleut a sa guise. — Calendvier de Bons Lahonreiivs, 1619. 

Haz la puerta al Solano 

y viviras sano. — Nunez, 1555. 

Quando Solano Uueve 

las piedras mueve. — Nufiez, 1555. 

Viento Solano y agua en la mano. — Nunez, 1555. 

A right Easterly wind 

is very unkind. — Ferg., add. in R. 



When the wind is in the East 
it's good for neither man nor beast. — Ho. 

The East wind is accounted neither good for man or beast. — R. 
Cawdray, Treasurie of Similies, p. 750. 1600. 

The wind from North-East 

neither good for man or beast. — Teonge's Diary, 1675. 

If a goose begins to sit on eggs when the wind is in the East she 

sits five weeks before she hatches. — Forby, E. A. 
When a N.E. wind blows, there's a good steward abroad, i.e. the 

cold makes the labourers work. 
In Wales the E. wind is called " the wind of the dead men's feet," 

because the dead are buried with their feet to the E. to meet 

their Lord at His second coming. — Swain. 

Easterly winds and rain 

bring cockles here from Spain. — Den. 

If the wind is North- East three days without rain 

eight days will pass before South wind again. — Inwards. 

The East wind never goes away without rain. 

When the wind 's in the North 

the skilful fisher goes not forth. — R., 1678. 

When the wind is in the East 
the fisher* likes itf least, 
when the wind is in the West 
the fisher* likes itf best. — Inwards. 

* Fishes. t Bite. 

When the wind is in the North 

the fishes won't come forth, 

when the wind is in the South 

it blows the bait into the fish's mouth. — (Leicester) Evans. 

When the wind 's in the East 

the vish rise least, 

when the wind 's in the West 

the vish rise best, 

when 'tis in the North 

'tis vurry liddle woath, 

but when 'tis in the South 

the vly 's blowed in ez mouth. — Pulman, Rustic Sketches. 

The Fisherman's Guide : 

When the wind 's in the North, 

You need not go forth. 
When the wind 's in the East, 

The fish will bite least. 
When the wind 's in the West, 

The fish will bite best. 
When the wind 's in the South, 

The hook goes into their mouth. — A. Cheales. 
When the wind 's in the West 
the weather 's at the very best. — K. 
The West wind is a gentleman and goes to bed early. — (Orkney) Murr. 



A sunset and a cloud so black, 

a Westerly wind you shall not lack. — Cheales. 

Wind West 

rain's nest. — (Devon) Inwards. 

When the wind is in the West 

the cuckoo's on her nest. — Ulster Journal of Arch., ix., 169. 

as kind 
as the South-West wind. 

Manningham's Diary, 1602-3, 97, Camd. Soc. 

A Southerly wind with showers of rain 

will bring the wind from West again. — Inwards. 

A Southerly wind and a cloudy sky proclaim [it] a hunting morn- 
ing. — Den. 

An out* wind and a fog 

bring an East wind home snug. — (Cornwall.) 

i.e. Southerly. 

The South as unkind draweth sickness too near, 

The North as a friend maketh all again clear. — Tusser. 

When the wind 's in the South 

'tis in the rain's mouth. — CI. ; R., 1670. 

When the wind 's in the South 

it blows the bait into the fish's mouth. — R., 1678. 

When the wind 's in the South 
rain will be fouth*. — K. 

* Abundant. 

The mermaids can ought thole 

but frost out of the thow-hole. — McTaggart, Gallov. Encycl. 

i.e. the South, when the cold is unnaturally severe. 

If the South wind blow in seasoning time the shepherd may look 
for store of ewe lambs ; if the North wind, then for males. — 
Buttes, Dyet's Dry Dinner, 1599. 

Admissura — seasoning of a cow, and covering of a mare. — Elyot's 
Diet., 1559. 

Clear in the South beguiled the cadger. 

The rain comes skouth*" 

when the wind 's in the South. — Cunningham, Burns' Glossary. 

* Showery. 
No weather 's ill 
when the wind 's still. — CI. 

There is no weather ill 

when the wind is still. — C, 1629. 

The weather 's always ill 

when the wind 's not still. — Lees. 

Grass never grows 

when the wind blows. — Den. 

Many can brook the weather that love not the wind. — Shak., Love's 
Labour Lost, iv. 2. 



The winds of the daytime wrestle and fight 

longer and stronger than those of the night. — Inwards. 

The Gulf Stream is called the Storm King of the Atlantic. — Cowan, 

Sea Pvov., American. But see Maury, Physical Geog. of Sea, 

p. 60. 

Mr. East made a feast ; 

Mr. North laid the cloth ; 

Mr. West brought his best ; 

Mr. South burnt his mouth, eating a cold potato. 

W. J. Fernie, Herbal Simples. 
When the wind is in the North, 
hail comes forth ; 
when the wind is in the West, 
look for a wet blast ; 
when the wind is in the Soud, 
the weather will be *•' gude ; 
when the wind is in the East, 
cold and snaw comes neist. — Den. 

* Fresh and. — Cham. 
Wind East or West is the sign of a blast, 
wind North or South is the sign of a drouth. — Cham. ; Den. 
But see Noah's Ark in Clouds. 

When the smoke goes* West, 
good weather is past ; 
when the smoke goes East * 

good weather comes neist f. — Den. 

* Carry, i.e. current of the clouds. — Cham. t Next. 
When the wind 's in the North, 
we sup hot scalding broth ; 
when the wind 's in the South, 
it 's muck to the mouth. — Den. 

North winds sends hail. 

South winds bring rain. 
East winds we bewail. 

West winds blow amain, 
North-east is too cold. 

South-east not too warm. 
North-west is too bold, 

South-west doth no harm. — Tusser. 

The South* wind always brings wet weather, 

the North f wind wet and cold together, 

the West I wind always § brings us rain, 

the East 11 wind blows it back again. 

Den. ; Smyth, Sailor's Word-Book. (Of Plymouth climate.) 
[* West. t East. X South. § Surely. jl North.]— Scotland. 

Decaldo requentado e de vento de buraco* 

guardar delle como do diabo. — (Portuguese) Bluteau. 

* ? Borrasca. 
The wind was fair, but blew a mackrel gale. — Dryden, Hind and 
Panther, iii. 456. 

VOL. I. 401 26 


Robin Hood could bear any wind but a thaw wind. — (Lancashire) 

Ponente, tramontana si risente 
Tramontana non buzzica 
se il marin lo stuzzica 
II buon nocchiero 
muta velo, ma no tramontana 
Se vuol vedere il buon temporale 
la mane tramontana, e il giorno maestrale 
Quando il tempo e reale 
tramontana la mattina, la sera maestrale 
Tramontana torba, e scirocco chiaro 
tienti all' erta, marinaro. — G. M. 

Scirocco chiaro e tramontana torba 
guardati marinar, che non ti colga. 

Of anything dull the Italians say, " Era scritto nel tempo 
del Scirocco" (S.E.). 
Mai non fu vento senza acqua. — Torr. 

Blow the wind ne'er so fast, 
it will lown* at the last. — K. 

* i.e. calm down. Lound : calm, out of wind. — Smyth. 

When rain comes before wind, 

halyards, sheets, and braces mind ; * 

when wind comes before rain, 

soon you may make sail again f. — Fitzroy, Weather Book. 

* You may reef when it begins. — Den. 

t You may hoist your topsails up again. — Den. 

Temporale di mattina 

e per la campagna gran rovina 

temporale di notte 

molto fracasso e nulla di rotto. — Strafforello. 

When the wind backs and the weather glass falls, 
then be on your guard against gales and squalls. 

When the wind veers against the sun, 
trust it not, for back 'twill run. — Inwards. 

Its normal course or circuit is S.W.N.E. to S. again. 

A thunderstorm comes up against the wind. — Roper. 

June, too soon ; 

July, stand by ; 

August, you must ; 

September, remember ; 

October, all over. — Miss Scidmore, Westward to the Far East. 

(Duration of the typhoon in the N. Pacific.) 

When the sea thus doth growl '^j 

farewell to fair weather for awhile. — Mactaggart, Gallov. Encycl. 

* Sough of the sea. 

Old women's luck — wind in the face 

both going too and from a place. — Brogden, Lincolnshire Proverbs. 



A soldier's wind — there and back again. — Kingsley, Westward Ho ! , 
ch. xix. 

" One which serves either way, allowing a passage to be made 
without much nautical ability." — Smyth. 

Pull down your hat on the wind's side. — Herb. 

Ao mao vento volvelhe o capello. — (Portug.) Bluteau. 

I am but mad north-north-west : when the wind is southerly I 
know a hawk from a handsaw. — Shak., Hamlet, ii. 2, 374. 

You are now sailed into the North of my lady's opinion. — Shak., 

Tivelfth Night, iii. 2, 24. 
When I was born the wind was North. — Shak., Pericles, iv. i, 53. 


After black clouds clear ''^ weather. — He. 

* Fair— CI. 
After sorest storms most clearest air we see. 
After adverse fortune shineth prosperity. 

Barclay, Myrrour of Good Maners [MagnanimHy] . 

The " soft moment " — before a thunderstorm bursts. 
Messengers — little clouds, sailing below big ones, boding rain. — 
Peacock, Lincolnshire Glossary. 

If woolly fleeces spread the heavenly way, 

no rain, be sure, disturbs the summer's day. — Den. 

A cruddly sky 

means twenty-four hours neither wet nor dry. 

Havergal, Herefordshire Words. 
A mackerel-sky 

[never holds three days dry. — Baker, Nliants Glossary.'] 
neither long wet nor long dry. — Inwards, 
not much wet not much dry. — Elworthy, West Somerset Word Book. 

The wind was fair, but blew a mackrel gale. (Rough, breezy 
weather, stirring up the sea and bringing the fish to the 
surface. — Dryden, Hind and Panther, iii. 456.) 

Trace in the sky the painter's brush, 

then winds around you soon will rush. — Roper. 

Hen-scrats and filly-taails* 

mak lofty ships f hug low sails. — Peacock, Lincoln Glossary. 

* Or goat's hair. 

t Lofty ships. Once a general name for square-rigged vessels. — Smyth. 

A mackerel-sky* and mares' tails f 

make lofty ships to carry :[ low sails. — Haz. 

* Water-dogs.— (Norfolk) Nail. 

t Mares' tails. A peculiar modification of the cirrus, indicating wind. — 

J Wear. — Chambers. 

When frae the South whusk filly-tails, 

than high ships wear low sails. — Mactaggart, Gallov. Encycl. 



Maayres' tails and mackrell sky 

not long wet, nor not long dry. — Lowsley, Berhsliire Words and Phrases. 

When the scud flies high you may let your kites fly, 
when the scud flies low then prepare for a blow. — Roper. 

When clouds appear like rocks and towers, 

the earth 's refreshed with frequent showers. — Den. 

Cf. Sh., A. and CL, iv. 14, 4. 

Noah's Ark. A mass of cloud tapering at the ends. Its direction 
indicates : 

East and wast, 
the sign of a blast ; 
North and South, 

the sign of a drouth. — Baker, N'hants Gloss. 
But see Winds. 

A bench [or bank] of clouds in the West indicates rain. — (Surrey), 

A weather-gall at morn, 
fine weather all gone. 

i.e. a luminous halo on the edge of a distant cloud where there 

is rain, usually seen in the wind's eye, precursor of stormy 

weather. — Smyth. 

Here comes John Black and Gilbert Ram on his back. (Spoken 
when we see black clouds portending rain. — K.) 

When the clover upright stand 
is a storm near at hand.* 

* Given as an English proverb in Petri, Baiiernregeln, p. 10. Breslau, i856. 

Look like the Dutchman to leeward for fine weather, i.e. to see if 
the horizon opposite to the wind does not remain obscure. — 

Cf. The wind is always strongest with a still sky. i.e. when 
clouds have little motion. 

When clouds and sunshine are together given, 
the piskies dance and cuckolds go to heaven.* 

* I have given rhyme to a proverb which I beheve is not confined to 

Cornwall. — Polwhele, v. 37. 

A Dutchman's breeches. The patch of blue sky, often seen when a 
gale is breaking, is said to be, however small, " enough to 
make a pair of breeches for a Dutchman " ; others assign 
the habiliment to a Welshman, but give no authority. — 
(Sea) Smyth. 

When the mist takes the hows 

then gude weather it grows. — (Lothian) Jamieson. 

When the mist taks to the hill, 
then good weather it doth spill ; 
when the mist taks to the sea, 
then good weather it will be. — Hen. 

D. has " comes from " in each line for " taks to." 



A fog from the sea 

brings honey to the bee, 

a fog from the hills 

brings corn to the mills. — N., VII., viii. 205. 

When the clouds are upon the hills 
they'll come down by the mills. — R., 1678. 
i.e. in the watercourse. 

If it gangs up i' sops* 
it '11 fau' down i' drops. 

* The small detached clouds on the mountain-side.— Carr, Craven Glossary. 

A misty morn in the old of the moon 

doth always bring a fair post-noon. — Smyth, Berkeley MSS. 1639. 

A Northern har* 

brings drought from far. — Haz. 

* Haar. Cold, nipping, Easterly winds.— Nimmo (Stirlingshire). 

* Har, a mist or fog. — Brockett. 

Brogden (Provinces of Lincolnshire) has : Harr, Harle : A sea-mist, a tempest 
rising at sea. 

A Scotish mist will wet an Englishman to the skin. — CI. 

When the mist takes the hows 

gude weather it grows. — (Lothian) Jamieson. 


brings frost i' th' tail. — CI. 

A hailstorm by day denotes a frost at night. — Inwards. 

When the mist creeps up the hill, 
fisher, out and try your skill ; 
when the mist begins to nod, 
fisher, then put past your rod. — Murr. 

It never thunders but it rains. 

Early thunder, 
late hunger. — N. 

Vroege donder 

late honger. — Dutch. 

Winter thunder 

is old men's wonder. — CI. 

Winter thunder, 

rich man's good and poor man's hunger. — Inwards. 

[poor man's death, rich man's hunger.— iV., I., xi. 8.] 

The dunder do gaily [affrights] the beans. — (Somerset) P. in R., 1678. 
Beans shoot up fast after thunderstorms. — R., 1678. 

When caught by the tempest, w^herever it be, 

if it lightens and thunders beware of a tree. — Den. 

Pluck poppies, make thunder. — A/"., VI., ii. 164. 

It 's the thunder that frights, 
but the lightning that smites. 



If it sinks from the North 

it will double its wrath, 

if it sinks from the South 

it will open its mouth, 

if it sinks from the West 

it is never at rest, 

if it sinks from the East 

it will leave us in peace. — Kent, N., V. 

There 's lightning lightly before thunder. — CI. 

Thus only stating the physical fact that light travels quicker 
than sound ; and therefore the flash is seen before the 
thunderclap is heard, though the two are simultaneous. 
Cabm thavas en metten, glaweeten. (A crooked bow in the morning, 
rain in it.) — Polwhele, Cornwall, v. 36. 

A rainbow in the morning 

is the sailor's warning : 

A rainbow at noon 

will bring rain very soon. — Hen. 

A rainbow at night 

is the sailor's delight. — Hen. 

L'arc au ciel du soir 

beau tems fait paroir. — Meurier, 1590. 

If there be a rainbow in the eve 

it will rain and leave ; 

but if there be a rainbow in the morrow 

it will neither lend nor borrow. — R., 1670. 

Rainbow to leeward, foul fall the day ; 

rainbow to windward, damp runs away. — (Sea) Inwards. 

A rainbow in the morn 

put your hook in the corn, 

a rainbow at eve 

put your head in the sheave. — (Cornwall) Haz. 

If the rainbow comes at night 

the rain has gone quite. — Forby, E. Aug. 

The rainbow in the morning 
is the shepherd's warning, 
the rainbow at night 
is the shepherd's deUght. — Haz. 

The rainbow in the marnin 

gives the shepherd warnin 
To car his gurt cwoat on his back. 

The rainbow at night 
is the shepherd's delight, 
For then no gurt cwoat will he lack. 

Akernian, Wiltshire Tales. 
Go to the end of the rainbow and you '11 find a crock of money. — 
Cooper, Sussex Provincialisms. 

Where the rainbow rests is a crock of gold. — (Devon) R. J. King 
in N., I., ii. 572. 




Feb. 2. The Snow-drop in purest white arraie 

First rears her head on Candlemas daie. 

14. While the Crocus hastens to the shrine 
Of Primrose love on Saint Valentine. 

Mar. 25. Then comes the Daffodil beside 

Our Ladye's Smock at our Ladye Tide. 

April 23. About Saint George when blue is worn, 
The blue Harebells the fields adorn. 

May 3. While on the day of the Holy Cross, 

The Crowfoot gilds the flowerie grasse. 

June II. When Barnaby bright smiles night and day. 

Poor Ragged Robin blooms in the hay. i.e. hedge. 

24. The Scarlet Lychnis, the garden's pride. 
Flames at Saint John the Baptist's tyde. 

July 15. Against Saint Swithin's hastie showers 

The Lily white reigns the Queen of the flowers. 

20. And Poppies a sanguine mantle spread, 

For the blood of the Dragon St. Margaret shed. 

22. Then under the wanton Rose agen 
That blushes for penitent Magdalen. 

Aug. I. Till Lammas-day called August's wheel. 
When the long corn stinks of Camomile. 

15. When Mary left us here below. 
The Virgin's Bower begins to blow. 

24. And yet anon the full Sun-flower blew, 
And became a star for Bartholomew. 

Sep. 14. The Passion-flower long has blowed. 
To betoken us signs of the Holy Rood. 

29. The Michaelmas Daisie among dead weeds 
Blooms for Saint Michael's valorous deeds. 

Oct. 28. And seems the last of flowers that stood 
* Till the feast of St. Simon and St. Jude. 

Nov. I. Save Mushrooms and the Fungus race 

That grow as All-hallow-tide takes place. 

25. Soon the evergreen Laurel alone is seen, 
When Catherine crowns all learned men. 

Dec. 25. Then Ivy and Holly-berries are seen. 

And Yule-Clog and Wassail come round again. 

Anthol. Austv. et. Bor. 




Relating to Domestic Life; its 
concerns and interests. 




Writing and reading are unnecessary in the husbandman. — Quoted 
by Markham, English Hiishandman. 1635. 

Farmers tauch,* 

gar lairds lauch. — Allan Ramsay. 

i.e. the landlord is bound by custom. 

* Furrow or fallow. 

For a little ground, a little gain. — Dr. 

It is good to take a farm after the landlord has occupied it. — Ellis, 
Mod. Husb., May, p. 163. 
Because his means have enabled him to dress and manure the 
land, and leave it in good heart. 
It is better to follow a sloven than a scientific farmer, i.e. as tenant. 

— Surtees, Ask Mama. 
It 's a rare farm that has no bad ground. — Jackson, Shropshire Word 

Quiet sow, 
quiet mow. 

A saying with reference to iand or lease held on lives. If the 
seed is sown without notice of the death, the corn may be 
reaped although the death took place before the sowing. — 
R. J. King, N., I., ii. 512. 

Flitting of farms makes mailings dear. — Ramsay. 
As one flits another sits, 
and that makes the mealings dear. — K. 

Let alone and you sit, 
but improve and you flit. 

Quoted in House of Commons, May 29, '83, 
Agricultural Holdings Bill. 

Farming is a lottery. In respect of the many incidents that crops 
and cattle are liable to. — Ellis, Mod. Husb., August, p. 133. 

Happy are those tenants whose landlords dwell far off. — Dr. 

God makes the wheat grow greener 

while farmer be at his dinner. — R. D. Blackmore, Lovna Doone, ch. ix. 
This case plainly shows that a Farmer, like a Tailor, never is master 
of his trade. — Ellis, Mod. Husb., August, p. 19. 

Who marries between the sickle and the scythe 

will nev^r thrive. — P. in R., 1678; Brand, 4to ed., ii. 89. 

[for when the bairn's to bear 

the corn's to shear.] 

He that has a good crap may thole some thistles. — Ry. 

,, ,, ,, harvest may be content with thistles. — CI. 

In harvest time ladies are chambermaids. — Cod. 

While harvest lasts they wait on themselves. — Cotgrave, 161 1. 

En moissons dames chambrieres. 

There 's a good steward abroad when there is a wind frost. — Forby, 
E.A. Makes labourers work. 



We are all equal in harvesting time. — Arthur, B. of Brev. 
God* speed the plough. f — Boorde, Int. to Knowlege, i8. 

„ ,, us and ,, ,, — H., E. P. P., iv. i6 ; Taylor, Brood of 

Corviorants, xii. 
* Grace. — Davies, Scourge of Folly, p. 75. t Plow. — Homilees, 1563, xxi. 

The ploughshare is made of iron, but the spade is pointed with 
gold. — Beauclerk, Rural Italy, p. 178. 

Make noi a balk* of good ground. — C, 1636. 

* Little ridges left in ploughing. 

Make no balks of good beer-land. — Ferg. i.e. barley-land. 

(Irregular ploughing from the plough being allowed to vary in 
depth, and so spoil uniformity of furrows.)" 

More balks, more barley; more seams f, more beans. — (Line.) iV., 
VIL, V. 194. 

t A measure of 8 bushels. 

The soil and the seed, the sheaf and the purse, 
the lighter the substance, for profit the worse. 

Agric. Coninmns.f p. 174. 

Make hay while the sun shines. — Ellis, Mod. Hush., August, 3. 

It is better to have one plough going than two cradles. — Lyly, Euph., 
p. 329, repr. 

Plough or plough not, you must pay your rent. — Den. 

A good tither, 

a good thriver. — (Somerset) P. in R., 1678. 

Plough deep 

while sluggards sleep. — Hen. 

[and you shall have corn to sell and keep. — Den.] 

Better an April sop than a May clot. i.e. for ploughing in stiff land. 
— Ellis, Modern Hush., April, p. 15 ; May, p. 10. 

The more furrows, the more corn. — Fitzherbert, Book of Husbandry, 

P; 3- 1534- 
The ox is never wo 
tyll he to the harrow go.* — Fitzherbert, u.s., f. 12. 

See a modern version. Animal Life. 

* Because of the jerking motion. 
Weel worth a' 

that gars the plough draw — Ferg. 

Late ploughings make bad tilths. — Ellis, Mod. Hush., June, 26. 
Because done too rapidly. 

'Tis the farmer's care 
that makes the field bear. — F. 

Half stock,* whole profit ; whole stock, half profit. — H. TroUope, 
Belt on Estate. 

* Of animals on farm. 

Draining. Lack a tile, lack a sheaf. — CI. 

Neither weed amongst corn nor suspicion in friendship. — Dr. 

Cf. It is better to have a cocoa plantation than a gold mine. — 
(South America.) 



Cucumbers will buy a horse before pineapples will purchase a saddle. 

— Govt. Gdn. saying. 
The profit of willows will buy the owner a horse before that of other 

trees will pay for his saddle. — (Camb.) F. W., p. 148; J. G. 

Nail, Great Yarmouth and Lowestoft, p. 239, n. speaking of 

plantations on sides of G.E.R. 
Seven hours sleep will make the husbandman forget his design. — Den. 
Who sows his corn in the field doth trust in God. — Codr. 

To complain 
Like harvest folks of weather and the rain. — Bp. Corbet, Iter Boreale. 

A good grieve* is better than an ill-worker. — K. 

* Steward or overseer. 

Ower mony grieves but hinder the wark. — A. Ramsay. 

Farmer, that thy wife may thrive, 
let not bur and burdock wive ; 
and if thou wouldst keep thy son, 
see that bine and gith hath none. 

R. D. Blackmore, Lorna Doone, ch. xxii. 

Oats will mow themselves, i.e. will from their heaviness fall together 
in a heap without requiring pressure. — Ellis, Mod. Hush., 
August, 52. 

Who in Janiveer sows oats, 

gets gold and groats ; 

who sows in May, 

gets little that way. — Tusser, Husbandry, 1573. 

In July 

some reap rye : 

in August, 

if one won't, another must. — Hone, Year Book. 

Hay is for horses, 
straw is for cows, 
milk is for little pigs, 
and wash for old sows. 

Mrs. Parker, Oxfordshire Glossary, Supp. [E.D. Soc] 

When the weirling shrieks at night, 

sow the seed with the morning light ; 

but ware when the cuckoo swells its throat : 

harvest flies from the mooncall's note. — N., IV., i. 614. 

Cuckoo oats and woodcock hay 

makes the farmer run away. 

i.e. when the cuckoo arrives before the oats are sown and the 
autumn is so wet that the woodcock finds the grass 
uncarried. — Brockett, North Country Words. 

This rule in gardening never forget : 

to sow dry and set wet. — Agric. Communs. 

Set moist and sow dry. — Markham, '• Country Hoincwifes Garden,'" 
Way to Wealth, 1668. 
A dry March has therefore been always desired. 



The rathe sower never borroweth of the late« — Ho. 

Sow in the slop, 

'twill be heavy at top. — Forby, E. A . 

We should sow from the hand and not from the full sack. — Times, 

Sow wheat in dirt and rye in dust. — K. 

The curious husbandman will forbear to sow rye in any shower 
of rain, bearing in his mind this ancient adage or saying 
that Rye will drownd in the Hopper, as on the contrary 
part Wheat would be sown so moist that might stick to the 
Hopper. — Markham, A Way to get Wealth, IV., p. 14. 1668. 

Sow barley in dree and wheat in pul.* — (Cornwall.) 

* i.e. mud. 

Triticum luto, hordeum pulvere conserite. 

Sow beans in the mud 

and they '11 grow like wood.f — CI. 

t i.e. mad. 
See Fuller, God speed. 

Sow peas and beans in the wane of the moon ; 

who soweth them sooner he soweth too soon. — Tusser, Feb. 

Sow or set beans in Candlemas waddle.]: — (Somerset) P. in R., 1678. 

J i.e. wane of the moon. — R., 1678. 

One for the mouse, one for the crow, 

one to rot and one to grow. — (Beans) N., I., ii. 515. 

A green shear is an ill shake. — Den. 

Short harvests make short addHngs. — Den. 

A long harvest leaves little corn. — Den. 

The hasty or timely sowing. Sometime it faileth, but too late 
sowing seldom or never well proveth. — MS. Lansd. 210, 
f. 80 vo. (Mary). 

Sow thin, mow thin. — K. 
,, shear ,, — Den. 

Sow early and have corn, sow late and have straw. — Ellis, Mod, 
Husb., March, p. 56. 

Early sow, 

early mow. — CI. 

Lat' sowin' 

maks lat' mo win'. 

Jackson, Shropshire Word Book. 
Where the scythe cuts and the plough rives 
no more fairies and bee-bikes [nests]. — Den. 

As wheat comes out of the field, so it will come out of the barn (an 
argument for the "reap and bind as you go" system, as 
saving exposure to bad weather.— Elhs, Mod. Husb., August, 
P- 57- 

A great deal happens sometimes between the field and the barn.— 
Ellis, Mod. Husb., October, p. 28. 



One year's seeding 

makes seven years' weeding. 

Harland and Wn., Lancashire Legends, p. i8g. 

Under the furze is hunger and cold ; 
under the broom is silver and gold. — P. in R., 1678. 
Like the weed called gosses, they make the ground barren whereso- 
ever they grow. — T. Adams, p. 393. 
When elmen leaves are as large as a farden 
it 's time to plant kidney-beans in the garden. 

(Worcester.) Lees; Noake, Wore. N. and Q., p. 239. 

When the elmen leaf's big as a mouse's ear, 

then to sow barley never fear ; 

when the elmen leaf's big as an ox's eye, 

then says I, " Hie, boys, hiel"— The Field, April 28, 1866. 

When elm leaves are as big as a shilling, 

plant kidney-beans if to plant 'em you 're willing ; 

when elm leaves are as big as a penny 

you must plant kidney-beans if you mean to have any. 

Noake, W. N. and Q. ; The Field, April, 1866. 

When the elder is white, brew and bake a peck ; 
when the elder is black, brew and bake a sack. 

(Somerset.) P. in R., 1678. 

When the sloe-tree is as white as a sheet, 

sow your barley whether it be dry or wet. — R., 1678. 

When fern grows red, 

then milk is good with bread. — Ho. 

This is the proper order — spring, summer, autumn. Haz. has 
turned them topsy-turvey. Ho. it will be observed has 
only the autumn. 

When the fern is as high as a spoon 

you may sleep an hour at noon ; 

when the fern is as high as a ladle, 

you may sleep as long as you are able ; 

when fern begins to look red, 

then milk is good with brown bread. — R., 1670. 

When whins are* out of bloom, then kissing is out of fashion. — Den. 

* gorse is. — Bo. 

Joan says : " Furze in bloom is still," 
and she '11 be kiss'd if she 's her will. 

Poor Robin, August, 1752. 
Barley mukes the heape, 
but wheat the cheape. 

Meaning that a good wheat-year pulls down the price of itself 
and of all other grains, which no other grain can do. — 
Smyth, Berkeley MSS. 

Corn to pay the landlord, and sheep to keep the farmer. 

When the wheat stalk is well-jointed and is thick and strong, it is a 
sign of a good ear. — Ellis, Mod. Hush., June, p. 50. 



A small ear, and large grain. For the smaller the ear, the larger 
the wheat, rye, or barley. 

Harvest about two month after shooting of the wheat-ear. 

When black ears appear off wheat it is sign of a good corn year. 

Wheat shows itself best in blade, for when it comes to shoot it looks 

Wheat will not have two praises (Summer and Winter). — P. in R., 
Cf. Three * unto whom the whole world gives applause, 
yet their Three praises praise but One : that 's Lawes. 

Herrick, To Henry Lawes, ii. 298. [Hesp., 853. — Ed.] 
* Musicians. 
Near trees no corn. 

If you would have a good crop, sow sparingly : pour not out of the sack. 

It is a shame to see beasts' meat growing where men's meat should 
grow. Old maxim of farmers for raising nothing but corn. — 
Sinclair, Anal, of Statistical Account of Scotland, p. 288. 

In the dry summer of '95 the Somerset labourers were scan- 
dalised by the beasts being fed upon apples. 
Since 1878 the acreage of corn in this country has decreased 
more than 10 per cent. 
To break a pasture will make a man ; 
to make a pasture will break a man. 
It is the pasture lards the rother's* sides, 

the want that makes him lean. — Shak., Timon of Athens, iv. 3, 12. 

* Horned beast. 

Thistles. To destroy. If cut in May it 's before the day, 

if cut in June it 's still too soon, 
if cut in July they '11 surely die. 
(Cots wold proverb.) — J. J. Hissey, Through Ten English Counties, 

1894, P- 199- 
Barley-sowing may be continued till the leaves of the ash cover the 
pyet's nest. i.e. end of May or beginning of June. — Sinclair, 
Anal, of Statistical Account of Scotland, p. 233. 
Second grass don't never pay. i.e. the crop repeated the next year 
without the ground being ploughed up. — Elworthy, West 
Somerset Word Book. 

Hence by wise farmers we are told 
Old hay is equal to old gold. — Swift, Fable of Midas. 
Point de fourrage, point de bestiaux ; sans bestiaux, aucun engrain ; 
sans engrais, nulle recolte. — (Flemish) Q. R., April, '85. 

El estiercol* no es sancto 

mas do cae haze milagro. — Nunez, 1555. 

* Dung. 
II tetame non e un santo 
fa miracoli per tanto. 

The use of lime without manure 
will make the farm and farmer poor. 

Tanner, First Principles of A gviculture, p. 58. 



A full bullock-yard and a full fold-yard makes a full granary. — 
Q. R., April, '85. 

From the manure they furnish. 

. . . yet thou d'st know 
That the best compost for the lands 

Is the wise master's feet and hands. — Herrick, ii. 213. [HesperideSf 
664. — Ed.] 

Whan the rain draps afF the hat 

'Tis fully time for folk to quat, 

Who on the harrist rig do shear 

Barley wheat*, pease rye, or bearf. — Mactaggart, Gall. Enc. 

* ? Oats or barley-corn. f Barley. 
A late harvest is a bad harvest. This is chiefly true of wheat only. 

The land- springs, which we call lavants, break out much on the 
downs of Sussex, Hampshire, and Wiltshire. The country 
people say, " When the lavants rise, corn will be dear ; " 
meaning that when the earth is so glutted with water as to 
send forth springs on the downs and uplands, that the corn- 
vales must be drowned. — G. White, Natural History of Selhorne ; 
Letters to Daines Barrington, xix. 

A snow-storm is as good for the land as a top dressing. 

It is generally observed the finer the wheat and wool (both very 
good in this county, Hants) the purer the honey of that place. 
— F. W. 

There's cheating in every trade except farmers, and they put the 
shortest straws in the middle. 

Agricola semper in novum annum dives, — Erasmus, Ad., 590. 

And I think that the want of Planting [of Orchards] is a great loss 
to our Commonwealth, and in particular to the owners of 
Lordships ; which Landlords themselves might easily amend 
by granting longer term and better assurance to their Tenants, 
who have taken up this Proverb : 
Botch and sit, 
build and flit ; 
for who will build or plant for another man's profit ? — 
Markham {The Ovchavd, by Wm. Lawson), A Way to get Wealth, 
Bk. III., 1625, p. g. 
Quarterly Review (April, '84) gives a Berkshire variant : 
He that havocs may sit, 
^ he that improves must flit. 

When the cuckoo sitteth on a dry thorn*, 
sell thy cow and sow thy cornf ; 
but when she comes to the full bit, 
sell your corn and buy you sheep. — Ho. 

* Comes to the bare thorn.— R., 1670. ix. a late spring. 

t Buy your corn. — R., 1670. 

If mole-catching you want to know, 

you must surely choose a fowl-right bow. — N., VI., viii. 428. 

VOL. I. 

417 27 


The labour of a Christian is Hke the labour of an husbandman 5 
whereof I have read the proverb that it returns into a ring : 
the meaning is it is endless, they have perpetually something 
to do, either plowing, or sowing, or reaping. — T. Adams, 
Works, p. 419. 

There is the proud gallant that comes forth like a May morning, 
decked Vv^ith all the glory of art, and his adorned lady in her 
own imagination a second Flora ; and these are riders, but 
closer riders. The world with them runs upon wheels, and 
they, hastening to overtake it, outrun it. Their great revenues 
will not hold out with the year, and the furniture on their 
backs exceeds their rent-day. Hence they are fain to wring 
the poor sponges of the country to quench the burning heat 
of the city. Therefore say the countrymen that their carts 
are never worse employed than when they do service to 
coaches. — T. Adams, p. 611. 


Quand le chou passe le cep, le vigneron meurt de soif. i.e. when the 
cabbage grows faster than the cep (shoot of the vine), a 
bad vintage. — Cotgrave. 

Every month has its flower, 

every flower has its hour. — Lees. 

When apple-trees blossom in March, 

for your barrels you needn't search ; 

when they blossom in April, 

some of them you may chance to fill ; 

but when they blossom in May, 

you may drink cider all day. — N. 

You can eat apple dumplings every day. — Bull, Here/. Pomona. 
When the trees blossom in May, 
you may eat apples night and day. — Agric. Comtmin. 
,, ,, ,, apple dumplings all day. 

A peck of March dust is worth a year's rent in the Isle of Man. 

Sheeu Kishan dy yoan mayrnt manill bleaney Vannin. — Mona Misc.y. 
ii. 18. 

S. V. Hare sends an inferior version. — AT"., VL, ix. 258. 
When it is a good apple year it is a great year for twins. — iV., HL 
Petites pommes gros cidre. 
March dust on an apple leaf 
brings all kind of fruit to grief. — Bull, Heref. Pomona^ p. 50. 

Danger of leaf coming prematurely in an early Spring. 
That 3ere shalbe Htule quete 

and plentie shalbe of appuls grete. — MS. Cantab., Ff. v. 48, f. 75.. 
That 3ere shalbe overalle 
there shalle mony children overqualle.— /i., f. 77. 

Cited in Hll., Die, Art. «' Quete and Overqualle." 



You can't price the green barley. 

It's time to mak the bear-seed* when the plane-tree f covers the 
craw. — Hen. 

* Barley. f Maple. 
At Candlemas day- 
it 's time to sow beans in the clay. — Ellis, Mod. Hnsb., viii. 309. 
Mercante di formento 
mercante di tormento. — Torr. 

The broom having plenty of blossoms or the walnut-tree, a fruitful 
year in corn. — Willsford. 

As long in coming as Cotswold barley. — F. W. 
High exposed lands. 

A quick man should sow oats and a slow man barley. Barley 
should be sown so thick that a shoemaker's awl may but enter 
between the stalks without touching them. — Ellis, Mod. 
Hnsb., March, p. 34. 

A crooked* man should sow beans and a woadmanf pease. — K. 

* i.e. a lame. t i-^- ^ madman. 
The first should be sown thick, the other thin and scatteringly. 

The more furrows, the more corn. i.e. ploughed in narrow^lines. — 
Ellis, Mod. Hush., March, p. 39. 

Rotation. Efter wheat, to'nups,'^' 
efter to'nups barley, 
efter barley cloaver, 
efter cloaver wheat, 

and so oher an' oher agean. — Peacock, Lincoln Glossary. 
* Turnips. 

When thers oht, it makes noght, 

and when it makes oght, ther 's noht. — Peacock, Lincoln Glossary. 

Abundance makes low prices. 
The more beans, the fewer for a penny. When beans prove best, 
wheat and barley prove worst, whereby the price of pulse 
is raised. — Smyth, Berkeley MSS., 1639. 
A cherry year, 
a merry year ; 
a plum year, 
a dumb year. — R., 1678. 

Cf. Fortuna y azeytuna 

a vezes mucha, a vezes ninguna. — Nunez, 1555. 
A cherry year 's a merry year, 
a sloe year 's a woe year, 
a haw year 's a braw year, 
an apple year 's a drappin' year, 
a plum year's a glum year. — Poor Robbings Ollminick, 1861. 

Hops make 
or break. 

The yield is most uncertain and the cultivation most e.xpensive; 
the value of the land may be won in a single year or its 
whole expenditure lost. 



If it were not for hops the farmers would have to hop themselves. — 
Havergal, Herefordshire Words. 

Hops are a constant care, but an uncertain profit. — Dr. 

A great rime year, 
a great fruit year. 

By the hoar-frost, while it kills garden produce, impregnating 
the trees with their nitrous qualities. — Ellis, Mod. Hush., 
August, p. 133. 

Hareship* in the Highlands, the hens in the corn ; 
if the cocks go in, it will never be shorn. — K. i.e. much ado. 

* Herschip : Ruin, devastation. 

A frosty winter and a dusty March, and a rain about April, 

and another about the Lammas-time when the corn begins to fill, 

is worth a plough of gold and all her pins theretill. — Den. 

Cf. A shower in July. 

The bad husbandman has a good crop once in seven years, i.e. in a 
wet season when the richer lands are overpowered with 
moisture, producing a blight. — Ellis, Mod. Hush., viii. 200 ; 
Ih., March, p. 56 ; Aug., p. 126. 

The sluggard husbandman succeeds once in seven years. — Ih., 
May, p. II. 

After Lammas, corn ripens as much by night as by day. — P. in R., 

May never goes out without a wheat-ear. i.e. the opening of the 
sheath or hose. — Ellis, Mod. Hush., May 8. See May. 

A bending crop is a breaking crop. — (Sussex.) 

Wheat only wants the water to lie once in the furrows. 

Wheat always lies best in wet sheets. — Forby, E. A. 

If a drop of rain or dew will hang on an oat at Midsummer there may 
be a good crop. — Friend, 220. 

At Michaelmas fair (Oct. 2) 

the wheat should hide a hare. — Noake, Wore. AL S' Q., p. 222. 
A Ledbury saying, 

When'wheat lies long in bed, 
it riseth with a heavy head. 

i.e. sown in October under a heavy furrow and not rising above 
ground, if at all, till December or January. — Smyth, 
Berkeley MSS., 1639. 

A thetch"^" will go and come. i.e. though hardy, will be nearly 
killed by a frost, and yet milder weather will recover it. — 
Ellis, Mod. Hush., April. 


A thatch will grow through 

the bottom of an old shoe. — Ellis, Mod. Hush., viii. 242. 
A most hardy grain. 



Clover is the mother of corn. — lb., May, p. 60 ; Sept., p. 125. 

i.e. where a full crop of Clover or other artificial grass has grown, 
the next corn crop will be the better for it. — Wni. Ellis, 
Modern Husbandman, 1750 ; Feb., p. 32. 

It kills weeds, prevents exhalations, hollows the earth and leaves 
so many large, long roots behind it as to become a sort of 
dressing to it. — lb., March, p. 77. 

March dry, good rye ; 

April wet, good wheat. — Illustrated London News, Nov. 19, 1881. 

April every year 
produces rye in the ear. 

Quickly comes up and matures. — Ellis, Mod. Husb., viii. 286. 

In the season when lilacs are scarce apples will fail (Regent's Park 

Muck is the mother of the meal chest. — G. B. Worgan, Agrmiltim of 
Cornw., p. 123. 

Human ordure laid on land will breed nettles. — Ellis, Mod. Husb., 
May, 159. 

Little mead,*' 

Httle need. — P. in R., 1678 (Som.). 

*i.e. the drink made of honey — from a scarcity of flowers. 

A mild winter hoped for after a bad summer. — R., 1678. 

A good year of kidney beans, a good year of hops. — Chamberlain, 
West Worces. Words. 

A good bark harvest, a good wheat crop. — (Hampshire.) i.e. absence 
of frost at ripping time. 

A good bark year makes a good wheat year. — Wise, New Forest, p. 179. 

A good nut year,*' a good corn year. — D. 

* Especially filberds. — Willsford, N.S., p. 144. 

A good cherry year, a good wheat year. — Ellis, Mod. Husb., June, p. 50, 

They that go to their corn in May 

may come weeping away, 

they that go in June 

may come back with a merry tune. — CI. 

Look at your corn in May, 

and yoij, '11 come weeping away ; 

look at the same in June, 

and you '11 come home in another tune. — R., 1670. 

No dearth but breeds in the horse-manger. — C, 1636. 

A famine in England begins at the horse-manger. — R. W. i.e. with 
the dearness of oats. See R.'s note. 

Weel won * corn 

should be housed ere the morn. — H. P. 

* Win. — A. Cunningham, Gloss, to Burns. 



Prospects of h^y harvest : 

" Wilt thou be hay ? " 

" Wilt thou be be fovvther"^' ? " 

" I '11 be nowther." 
" Wilt thou be muck ? " 

" That 's my luck." 

Denham, F. L. of N. of E., p. 22. 

* Fodder. 

Probably this refers to the succession of dry and wet seasons. 

After a famine in the stall* 

comes a famine in the hallf. — P. in R., 1678. 

* Bad hay crop. t Bad corn harvest. 

Corn and horn go together. — R., 1678. i.e. for prices : when corn is 
cheap, cattle are not dear, and vice versa. — R., 1678. 

Down corn, 

down horn. — Norfolk Arch. Misc., i. 308. 

A good hay year, a bad fog year. — Den. i.e. coarse grass. 
Make hay while the sun* shineth. — C, 1636. 

* Weather. — Ad., 1622. 

In good years corn is hay, in ill years straw is corn. — Herb. 

Midsummer thistles are better than Michaelmas hay. i.e. summer 
grass better than autumnal for hay. — Peacock, Lincoln Gloss. 

Good rye 
grows high. 

Up horn, 
down corn. 

Many nits, 

many pits. — N., L, ii. 510. See Fruit. 

A great nut-year, a full churchyard. — Derbyshire Reliquary. 

The more hazel-nuts, the more bastard children. — (Gloucestershire) 
Northall, Folk Phrases of Four Counties. 

If you would fruit have, 

you must bring the leaf to the grave. — R., 1678. 

i.e. transplant at the fall of the leaf. 

Quien planta a barrena* 
planta y espera, 
quien planta a noya 
planta y goya. — Nunez, 1555. 

* Dust. 

Olive. Qui ne possede que des oliviers est toujours pauvre (un prov. 
trivial Nicois). — F. G. Fodera, Voyage aux Alpes Mariiimes, 
Paris, 1821, ii. 93. 

Chiefly because the crop is alternative and intermittent. 

When a' fruit fa's,* 
welcome ha'sf. — K. 

* Fails. t Haws. 



Many hips and haws, 

many frosts and snaws. — Den. 

A pear year 

a dear year. — Inwards. 

When the pea 's in bloom 
the mussel 's toom. — Ch. 

A haw year 

a snaw year. — Murr. 

A haw year 
's a braw year. 

Mony haws, 

mony snaws. — Murr. 

Many sloes, 

many cold toes. — Den. 

Pruning. Ramo curto, vendimi a lunga. — Bacon, Promtis. 

Cherries. If they blow in April 
you '11 have your fill, 
but if in May 
they'll all go away. — Pegge, 62. 

Let me add w^hat experience avoweth true, though it be hard to 
assign the true cause thereof, that when wheat is dear, 
leather always is cheap, and when leather is dear, then wheat 
is cheap. — F. W., Middlesex, 176. 

Many rains, many rowans ; 

many rowans, many yawns. — Den. 

Many mountain-ash berries, a deficient harvest. 

Many slones, 

many groans. — iV., I., ii. 510. [^Devon. R. J. King.] This is coupled 
with " Many nits " (above). 
Slone for sloe is used by Browne, a Devon poet. — Brit. Past., ii. i. 
Cf. A plum year a dumb year. When plums are good all else 
is bad. 

Ragwort. There is gold on Cushags there. — (Manx.) i.e. it shows a 
rich soil. 

A March wind is salt which seasoneth all pulse, i.e. no peas or 
beans should be stacked till they have been dried by it. — 
Markham, The Way to get Wealth, II., p. 94, 1668. 

If you cut oats green, 

you get both king and queen. 

i.e. the top of the heads, the largest grains which would fall out 
if allowed to ripen. — Peacock, Lincoln Glossary. 

Of evil grain no good seed. — Dr. 

Thick sown and thin come up. — (Raritas) CI. 

One for the cutworm, one for the crow, 
one for the grub, and two for to grow. 

American rule for sowing. 



How to sow Beans : 

One for the mouse, 
one for the crow, 
one to rot, 

one to grow. — N., L, ii. 515. 
Vin vert*' vin chir. i.e. good quality goes with good quantity, i.e.^ 
an abundant vintage. 

* Tart. 

Happy is the farmer who has a river running near his cider-press. 
La piazza el piia, bel giardino che siu. — BoUa, 1604. 
The market is the best garden. — Herb. 
Cheapside is the best garden. — R., 1670. 
Covent Garden is the cheapest garden. 


Cujus est solum, ejus est usque ad coelum, [et ad inferos. — Ed.] 

As ane flits 

anither sits. — Mactaggart, Gallov. Encycl. 

The first duty of a landlord is to be rich. i.e. to have capital to fully 

develop the capacities of his land. 
Land won't run away. A maxim of investors who consider it the 

most stable property. 
Bawbees are round and rin away : 

a grip o' th' ground is gude to hae. — N . Fife F. L. Journal, ii. 91. 
" If the French did come 'ere they might spile the land a bit ; they 

met'n trash [trample] over it, but they could na carry it away 

wi' 'em," said a farmer. — Jackson, Shvopshiie Word Booh. 
Land is security without interest, the Funds interest without 

security ; but a mortgage is both interest and security. — 

Lord Eldon (Of Investments). 
What is worse for the rider 

is best for the abider. — (Somerset) R. Blome, Britannia, p. 195. 1672. 
The best ground the dirtiest.— Dr. (Faults.) 
It 's a common saying that there are more waste lands in England 

in these particulars [i.e. pasture] than in all Europe besides, 

considering the quantity of land. — Samuel Hartlib, The 

Compleat Husbandman, 1659, p. 40. 
Pasture doth not depopulate, as is commonly said. — lb., p. 43. 
An acre of sea is worth four acres of land (from the abundance of 

food for fish). — " Old Saying," Spectator, i^/;^/'g6. 
Land without church 
shall be left in the lurch ; 
church without land 
for ever shall stand. 

One of the prime precepts the Earl of Strafford left his son 
upon the scaffold was that he should not meddle with 
Church land, for they would prove a canker to his estate. — ■ 
Strafford Letters, II. 78. 



The father buys, the son biggs* 

the grandchild sells, and his son thigsf. — K. 

* Builds. t Begs genteelly. 

A proverb much used in Lowthian, where estates stay not long 
in one family, but hardly heard of in the rest of the nation. 
— K. 

There is a curse lies hard against all those 
who turn large commons into small inclose. 

Ellis, Mod. Hush., Sept., 151, 

A good tenant requires no protection from the law. — St. James's 

Gazette, la/y/'Sy. 

A good tenant makes a good landlord. — Ellis, Mod. Htish., Oct., 133. 

A good landlord makes a good tenant. — Ih. 

Tant vaut I'homme, tant vaut sa terre. — Cotgr., 161 1. 

He never had a bad lease that had a good landlord. — Smyth, 
Berkeley MSS. 

When lairds break, carles get land. — K. i.e. the small purchaser 
has a chance. 

Land was never lost for want of an heir. — R. 

It is something to be sub to a good estate. Because at the long run 
it may fall to us. — K. 

It is good to be near akin to land. — F. W., Leicestershire. 

The thistle is said to be an indication of good land. — Ellis, Mod. 
Hush., May, p. 46. 

Good elm, good barley ; good oak, good wheat. — Wr. White, Eastern 
England, i. 38. 

On fat londe and ful of dunge foulest wedes groweth. — P. Ploiv. Vis., 
c. xiii., 224. Cf. Shak., 2 H. IV., iv. 4. 

I paesi fecondi, 

fanno gli vagabondi. — Flo. G. 

He that marls sand 

may buy land, 

he that marls moss 

shall suffer no loss, 

but he that marls clay 

flings all away. — Ellis, Mod. Hush., July, p. 139. 

See N., III., iii. 246. Gentlcvians Magazine, 1753, p. 120, given 
as a Lancashire proverb. 

Marl is said to be good for the father, bad for the son. — Q. R., April, 


Neghe sythe sede, 
and neghe sythe gilde,* 
and fif pond for the were f 
er he bicome healder. 

Lambard, Perambulation of Kent, 650, from an old Chaiter 
of Gavelkind. 
* i.e. fine after forfeiture of tenancy, f " Wer." is the tenant's own valuation. 



[Pollock and Maitland, Hist, of Eng. Law, Vol. II., p. 269, say r 
" Some parts of the custom [gavelkind] enshrined ancient 
English proverbs, which the scribes of the fourteenth cen- 
tury could not understand and which make reference to 
institutions that must have been obsolescent in the twelfth, 
obsolete in the thirteenth century. We find a proverb 
about the wife who loses her free bench by unchastity, 
another about the descent of the felon's land, a third about 
the process called gavellet. The last of these is obscure. 
The lord after a long forbearance has had the tenement 
adjudged to him, because of the tenant's failure to pay his 
rent. The tenant however has a locus p^nitentia allowed 
him. The proverb seems to say that, if he will get back 
his land, he must pay the arrears of rent nine times (or 
perhaps eighteen times) over, and, in addition to this, must 
pay a wergild of five pounds. . . . Seemingly the proverb 
means in truth that the tenant will lose the land for good 
and all. It is one of those humorous rules of folk-law 
which, instead of telling a man he cannot have what he 
wants, tell him that he may have it if he will perform an 
impossible condition." — Ed.] 

He that buys land, buys many stones ; 

he that buys flesh, buys many bones ; 

he that buys eggs, buys many shells ; 

but he that buys good ale, buys nothing else. — R., 1670. 

(This and more may be found in a drinking song of the '15th 
century : " Bring us in no brown bread." — Carols and 
Songs, temp. Henry VI. (Percy Society.) 
The charges of building and making of gardens is unknown. — Codr. 
Near a church and near a mill, 
far from a lord and under a hill. 

(Site of a house should be.) 

There never yet was a house built big enough to hold two families. 
— Surtees, Plain or Ringlets, c. xcvii. 

A house had better be too little for a day than too great for a year. — 
Fr., Ill, ; Ho., St., vii. 7. [As for receipt, i.e. accommodation.] 
A rich widow, a quiet house. — Codr. 

[The] Master of a house (as I have read) 

Must be the first man up and last in bed. — Herrick, ii. 263. 

When we agree one bed can hold us, when we are at variance the 
whole house is too little for us. — T. Adams, Works, 800. 1629. 

Alas ! we bless but see none here 

That brings us either ale or beer. 

Deos te de saude e gozo 

e casa con quintal e poco. — Bluteau. 

In a dry house all things are neere (? near — close). — Herrick, ii. 129. 

Houses as an investment ought to return 7 per cent, to cover 
insurance, wear and tear, and change of fashion. 

House-rent in London should be one-sixth of your income. 



For every lodging-room that you have, be sure you have ;^ioo of 
annual revenues. — Sir Samuel Sleigh, Sheriff of Derbyshire, 
1648 — 1666 ; Reliquary, i. 

Achete paix, bon air et maison faite, 

et garde toy d'exces et vieille debte. — Meurier, 1590. 

Monte y rio 

de me lo Dios por vezino. — Nunez, 1555. 

Monte, porto, citta bosco o torrente 

abbi se puoi per viceno o parente. — Tommasso, Diet. 

Casa en canton 

y vifia en rincon. — Lopez de Mendoza, 1508. 

Monte y rio 

demele Dios por vecino. — Julian de Medrano, Silva Cnviosa. 1583. 

Quien quisiere medrar 

viva en pie de Sierra o en puerto de mar. — Nunez, 1555. 

Camera terrena 

corta vita mena. — Giani. 

Casa fatta e vigna posta 

nissun sa quanto essa costa. — Giani. 

Tierra en frontera 

y vifia en ladera (on a slope). — Nunez, 1555. 

Ni hagas huerta en sombrio 

ni edifiques cabe rio. — Julian de Medrano, Silva Curiosa. 1583. 

Build a church and a public-house and you '11 soon have a 

Tal he a casa de dona sem escudeiro 

como fogo sem trasfogueiro. — (Portuguese) Bluteau. 

Old houses mended 
cost little less than nev/, when all is ended. 

Cibber, Double Gallant, Prologue. 

Building is a sweet impoverishing. — Herbert, J acuta Prudentum. 

The man who builds, and wants wherewith to pay, 

provides a house from which to run away. — Spurgeon. 

** This work made William de Wickham." i.e. he both built the 

house (Winchester School), and the building made a man of 

him. — Spurgeon. 

Dip not thy finger in the morter, 
nor seek thy penny in the water. 

Against building and waterworks. — Smyth, Berkeley MSS., 1639, 
where it is assigned to Coke, C. J. in 1613. 

Painting and whitewashing cost nothing. — Ch. (Because they are 
'Tis a Dutch proverb that paint costs nothing, such are its 
preserving qualities in damp climates. — Emerson, Conduct 
of Life: Considerations by the Way. 

When we build a house, the rule is to set it not too high nor too 
low, under the wind, but out of the dirt. — Emerson, Represen- 
tative Men ; Montaigne. 



Owners of the ancient fishponds once attached to every house of 
consideration in the country-side, remembering the old saying 
that 'An acre of water is worth four acres of land,' often take 
advantage of the chance offered by the sub-division of these 
streams to restock their home-waters with young and lively 
trout [at the Whitsuntide fishing]. — C. J. Cornish, Wild 
England of To-day, p. 289. 1895. 

It IS a maxim held in Plantations that * No land is habitable which 
hath not Wood and Water ' ; they too being as it were the 
only nerves and strength of a man's safe and wholesome 
living. — Markham, English Husbandman, II. 39. 1635. 

Horta com pombal*' he Paraiso terreal. — (Portuguese) Bluteau. 

* Dovecot. 

The ditch makes the hedge, i.e. the outer side of it makes the 
boundary, and the hedge is a mere voluntary addition by the 

There was a Gentleman lately who was offered by the Parlement a 
parcel of Church or Crown lands equivalent to his arrears, 
and asking counsel of a friend of his which he should take, 
he answered, "Crown lands by all means"; for if you take 
them you run a hazard only to be hanged, but if you take 
Church lands you are sure to be damned. — Ho., Familiar 
Letters, IV. 33. 


There are no birds this year in last year's nest. — F. 
En los nidos de antano no ay paxaros o gaiio. — Nuiiez, 1555. 
However far a bird flies it carries its tail with it. — N., VII., iii. 206, 
No one can be in two places at once, unless he 's a bird. — Sir Boyle 

She 's a bad sitter 

that 's ay in a flitter. — Cunningham, Burns Glossary. 


When the crow begins to build 

then sheep begin to yeald. — Smyth, Berkeley MSS. 

As good land as any the crow flies over. — B. E. Neiv Diet, of the 
Canting Crew. 

If the crow crows on going to bed, 

he 's sure to rise with a watery head. — Den. 

Crows craying early in the morning with a clear and loud voice 
shows the day will be fair. If in the evening, a sign of 
rain next day. — Ag. Comp. 

No carrion will kill a crow. — (Glou.) Northall, Folk Phrases of 
Four Counties. 

The corbie says unto the craw, 
" Johnnie, fling your plaid awa' ; " 

the craw says unto the corbie, 
*' Johnnie, fling your plaid about ye." 



It is God that feeds the crows, 
that neither tills, harrows, nor sows. — K. 
The horse- crow croaketh before the rain. — Dr. 
The wicked crow aloud foul weather threats, 
when on dry sands alone she proudly jets. — W. 
The crow bids you good- morrow. A phrase whereby we 
figuratively call a man a knave. — Smyth, Berkeley MSS. 


Sunshine and rain brings the cuckoo from Spain, 
but the first cock of hay flays the cuckoo away. 

Harland and Wn., Lancashire Legends, 232. 
In April 

the cuckoo shows his bill, 
in May 

he sings* all day, 
in June 

he changes his tune, 
in July 

away he '11 fly, 
in August 
away he must. — Hll., Popular Rhymes. 

" or stuts. 
In March 

he sits upon his parch, 
in April 

he tunes his bill*', 
in May 

sings night and day, 
in June 

alters his tune, 
in July 
away he fly. — (S. Devon) Haz. 

* Soundeth his bell.— N 
In March 
the cuckoo starts, 
in April 
'a tune his bill, 

• • • ■ 

in September 
you '11 oilers remember, 
in October 

'uU r>ever get over. — (E. Ang.) Haz. 
The cuckoo comes of mid-March and cucks of mid- April, 
and gauns away of Midsummer month, when the corn begins to 
fill. — Den. See under June. 

The first cock of hay 
frights the cuckoo away. — Den. 

When the cuckoo comes he eats up all the dirt. — Yea and Nay 
Almanack, 1680. 
i.e. the mire of winter dries up. 



The cuckoo goes to Beaulieu Fair (April 15) to buy him a great- 
coat. — Wise, New Forest, 180. 

You never hear the cuckoo before Tenbury Fair (April 20), nor 
after Pershore Fair (June 26). 

He is said to attend the latter to buy a horse to ride away on. 

As long as the cuckoo remains after Midsummer, so long will the 
harvest continue after Michaelmas. — (Norfolk) Athenatmi, 

1 1/8/ '49. 

In the month of Averill 

the gowk comes over the hill 

in a shower of rain, 
and on the of June 

he turns his tune again. — (Craven) Haz. 

The nightingale and the cuckoo sing both in one month. — CI. 

The cuckoo comes in mid- March, 
sings in mid- April, 
stuts* in mid-May, 

and in mid- June flies away. — Gentleman's Magazine, 1797, I., 456. 

* Stammers. 

When three daws are seen on Peter's vane together, 
then we 're sure to have bad weather. 

(Norwich) Higson in Haz. 

Dotterel. A dish of dotterels (Munus non munus). Calabri 
hospitis Xenia. — CI. 

When dotterel do first appear, 

it shows that frost is very near ; 

but when the dotterel do go, 

then you may look for heavy snow. — (Scotland) Murr. 


Titty kum tawtah, 

the ducks in the water ; 

titty kum tawtah, 

the geese follow aater. — (Suffolk) Nail, Great Yarmouth, 674. 


If you scare the fly-catcher away, 
no good luck will with you stay. 

F. A. Knight, In the West Country, p. 200. 
If you scare the fly-catcher away, 
no good Avill with you stay, 

(Somerset) T. Compton, A Mcndip Valley, p. 152. 


If the cock moult before the hen, 
we shall have weather thick and thin ; 
but if the hen moult before the cock, 
we shall have weather hard as a block*. — R., 1670. 

* Rock. 



When the hen doth moult before the cock, 
the winter will be hard as a rock ; 
but if the cock moults before the hen, 
the winter will not wet your shoe's seam. 

Aubrey, Nat. Hist. Wilts, p. i6. 

Da galina a preta'^' da pataj 

a parda, da mollar a sardaj. — (Portuguese) Nunez, 1555. 

* Black. t Duck. I Freckled. 
He that will have his farm full 
must keep an old cock and a young bull. 

Ellis, Modern Husbandman, May, p. 94. 

A good cock will never out. — (Fortitudines) CI. 

If fowls roll in the sand, 

rain is at hand. — W. ; Inwards. 

The mistress' eye makes the capon fat. — Breton, Crossing of P., II. 

La geline pond par le bee*. — Cotgr. 

* Lays as she is fed. 

Fie upon pride when geese go bare-legged. — B. E. N. D. C. Cr. 

Oison verd bon 

grison grain * bon. — Meurier, Dev. Fani. 

guere. — Cotgr. 

The gull Cometh not but against a tempest. — Dr. 

The gull comes against the rain. — R., 1670. 

Not "after," as Hazlitt has printed. 

Sea-gull, sea-gull, sit on the sand, 

it 's never fair weather when you come to land. — Long Ago, i. 339. 

Gie your ain fish-guts to your ain sea-mews (gulls). 


Craiget heron near the hill, 
plenty water for the mill ; 
Craiget heron to the sea, 
fine weather it will be. — Spectator, 1/6/ '95. 

t Craiget : throaty. 

Lapwing. The lapwing cries most when she 's furthest from the 
nest. — Old Law, iv. 2. 
The pea-straw aye cries farest frae its ain nest. — Hen. 
And lapwinges that wel conneth ly. — Chau., Plow. T., 1339. 

And yet, unto this day men saith 

A lappewinke hath lost his feith 

And is the brid falsest of alle. — Cower, C. A., ii. 329. 

Lark. It is better to* hear the lark sing than the mouse cheep. 

* I wad rather. — Cunningham, Glossary to Burns. 

The martin and the swallow 

are God Almighty's birds to hallow. — Haz. 



Nightingale. When the eels be in the nightingale comes, to be 
ready to sing in May. — (Worcester.) And sec Cuckoo. 

Owl. Stroke oule and schrape oule and evere is oule oule. — 
N. Bozon, Contes, f. 17, c. 1320, Anc. Text Tr. 


If the partridge had the woodcock's thigh 
it would be the best bird that ever did fly. — R., 1670. 
[if the woodcock had the partridge's breast 
'twould be the best bird ever sat in the nest*. 

* That ever was drest. ^S'- ^'^^'P" ?• 277-] 
Perdiz derrengada* 
perdigoncillos guarda. — Nunez, 1555. 

* Limping. 

Peacock. Fly pride, saith the peacock. — Shak., Cow. o/£r., iv. 3. 75. 

When the peacock loudly bawls, 

soon we '11 have both rain and squalls. — Inwards. 


The dow she dew no sorrow know 

until she dew a-benten go. — Nail, Great Yarmouth. 

i.e. feeds on the seeds of grasses before pease are up. 
The pigeon is never woe 
Till a-benting she doth go 
With heavy and hoe, 
So let the wind blow. — Melisniata, 1611. 
The pigeon never knoweth woe 
But when she doth a-benting go. — R., 1670. 
When the pigeons go a-benting*, 
then the farmers lie lamenting. — Forby, E. Aug. 

* or benetting. 

Pigeons, against their wills, keep one Lent for seven weeks in 
the year, betwixt the going out of the old and growing up 
of the new grass. — F. W., N'hants, 279. 


Tammie Norie o' the Bass 
canna kiss a pretty lass*. 

W. White, Northumberland and Border, p. 268. 
* Because of his bill. 

Raven. Nourish a raven and he will scratch out thine eyes. — Dr. 

If the raven cries first in the morning it will be a good day ; if 
a rook, the rev'erse. 

A raven always dines off a young one on Easter Sunday. — 
(Herefordshire) St. James' Gazette, 8/3/'87. 

If the robin sings in the bush, 

then the weather will be coarse ; 

but if the robin sings on the barn, 

then the weather will be warm. — Forby, E. Aug., p. 416. 




When rooks fly sporting high in air, 

it shows that windy storms are near. — Swainson. 

Storks. The storks fly afore that winter cometh. — Dr. 

SwALT.ow. See Martin. 

Swan. Apropos of the fact of its abundance in Norfolk, as a food 
it used to be called, and possibly still is called, " Norfolk 
venison." And very good eating it is, at least when young. 
— Spectator, 20/8/ '98. 

Woodcock. See Partridge. 

'Cock-shooting, the fox-hunting of shooting. — Illustrated London 
News, 22/10/ '81. 


A harmless, necessary cat. — Shak., M. of Ven., iv. i, 55. 

Quattro cose necessarie in una casa un camino, un gatto, una gallina, 

ed una donna. — Florio, First Fruits, p. 24. 1578. 
A good wife and a good cat are best at home. — Northall, Folk 

Phrases of Four Counties. 
As fortunate as a cat that still falls on its legs. — Torr. 
A cat will never drown if she sees the shore. — Bacon, Proinus, 590. 
A cat may look on a King. — He. 

at . . .—CI. 

upon . . — Ho. 

R. Yes, by Gisse, but chill loe ; nay loe there : thought is free 
And a catt, they zaith, may looke on a King pardee. 

Respiihlica, iv. 4, 1553 ; Collier, Reprints Old Eng. Lit., i. 

Drink that will make a cat speak. 

Stephano : Open your mouth ; here is that which will give language 

to you, cat. — Shak., Temp., ii. 2, 77. 
The cat did it. A common shift on puss of unwitnessed smashes. 
How can the cat help it, if the maid be a fool ? 
Care will kill a cat. — CI. See Haz., p. 98. 

Hang sorrow ! Care will kill a cat. — Wither, Christmas ? 
Plague on the cat that loves not milk nor fish. — Armin, Two Maids 

of More Clache, 1609, p. 74 (repr.). 
The cat would Uck milk, but she will not wet her feet. — Melb., Philot. 
Lettmg " I dare not " wait upon " I would," 
Like the poor cat i' the adage. — Shak., Macbeth, I. vii. 43. 
The cat knows whose lips she licks well enough. (Proprii commodi 

studium.) — CI. 
Nature teaches beasts to know their friends. — Shak., Cor., ii. i, 5. 
A cat has nine lives. {See Haz., p. 5.) 
Tybalt. What would'st thou with me ? 
Mercutio. Good King of cats, nothing but one of your nine lives. — 

— Shak., R. and J., iii. i, 75. 

VOL. I. 433 28 


From two-legged cats* with thrice nine lives. — Quarles, Virgin 
Widow, i. (Part of a Litany.) 

* i.e. women. 
The mice will play 
when the cat is away. 

" In my long abodes abroad all my life long proved too true for 
my profit." — Smyth, Berkeley MSS. 
Put an old cat to an old rat. — Davenant, The Man's the Master, i. 

Rats walk at their ease, 
if cats them do not meese. — Wodroephe, 1623. 

A blate'''' cat makes a proud mouse. — Ferg. 

When parents and masters are too mild and easy, it makes 
their children and servants too saucy and impertinent. — K. 
* Bleat = bashful. 
A mim-mou'd cat is na guid mouser. — Cunningham, Glossary to Burns. 
A peute^' chatte, jolis mirons 

A poueta tzatta, bi menons. — Bourguignon, Swiss Romansch. 
An ugly cat will have pretty kittens. 

* Peute, ugly. 
Cat after kind : good mouse-hunt. — He. See Haz., p. gg. 
If the cat will after kind, 

so be sure will Rosalind. — Shak., A. Y. L., iii. 2, g3. 
Whenever the cat of the house is black, 
the lasses of lovers will have no lack. 

Denham, F. L. N. of England, 1858, p. 25. 

Kiss the black cat, 

and that '11 make ye fat : 

kiss ye the white one, 

and that '11 make ye lean. — Denham, u.s. 

Whittington and his cat". 

* " In the 14th century a cat or cetch (modernised ketch) was a ship built on 
the Norwegian model, with a narrow stern, projecting quarters, and a 
deep waist. It was strongly built and used in the coal trade. Sir 
Richard Whittington made his money by carrying coals from Newcastle 
to London, and coal was first made an article of trade between these 
ports a few years prior to his mayoralty. The Ketch is still the name of 
a public-house on the Severn below Worcester." — Globe, 25/ioj'gy. i 

Cf. also the Cat-water at Plymouth. 

Kilkenny cats. Sec Ireland. 



Hark ! I hear the asses bray : 

we shall have some rain to-day. — [Rutland], Swainson. 

He that will have his farm full 

must keep an old cock and a young bull. 

Ellis, Modern Husbandman, May, p. g^. 

Bos lassus fortius figet pedem. — Eras., Ad., 42. 



The ox doth never know such woe 

as when to the harrow he doth go. — Ag. Comp.y 174. 

From the jerking motion. See Agriculture. 
A blatant cow soonest forgets her calf. i.e. a bellowing animal. 
Applied to disconsolate widows. — Ch. 
A lowing cow soon forgets her calf. — E. L. Chamberlain, W. 

Worcestershere Words, E.D.S. 
A healing cow soonest forgets its calf. — Peacock, Lincoln Glossary. 
A quey out of a quey* 
will breed a byre full of kye. — Den. 

* A cow of two years. 
Que, Quee, a female calf. — Brogden, Lincoln Pr. 
A canny quey makes a sonsie cow. — Cunningham, Glossary to Burns. 

Look to the cow, 

and the sow, 

and the wheat mow, 

and all will be well enow. — (Somerset) P. in R., 1678. 

Long in her sides, bright in her eyes, 
short in her legs, thin in her thighs ; 
big in her ribs, wide in her pins, 
full in her bosom, small in her shins ; 
long in her face, fine in her tail, 
and never deficient in filling the pail. 

If the cows be not milked by the time the herdsman blows his hornf 
it spoils the dairymaid's marriage. — Ellis, Modern Husbandman, 
May, p. 135. 

t i.e. about sunrise. 

The more you milk a good cow the more [milk] she will give. — 
Rowland Hill. 

The higher the grass, the more milk. But of a flashy watery nature, 
apt to sour. — Ellis, Modern Husbandman, June, p. 154. 

The more milk, the more butter. But because milk is mixt with the 
cream, the butter is poorer. — Ellis, Country Housewife, p. 170. 

The more butter, the worse cheese. — Bullein, Bulivarke of Def. [B. of 
Simples, p. 85), 1562. 

Spoken of dairy farms. 

Butter is in the cow's horns once a year. — Ho. 

,, ,, once a year in the cow's horn. — R., 1670. i.e. when she 
calves and gives no milk. 

My milk is in the cow's horn 

now the zun is 'ryved at Capricorne. 

Meaning, when the days are at shortest, the cow commonly 
then fed with straw and near the calving gives little or no 
milk. — Smyth, Berkeley MSS. 

Butter is mad twice a year. Once in summer heat, when it is too 
thin and fluid ; and once in the cold of winter, when it is 
hard to spread. — R., 1678. 



Be not mad butter ; if it be 

It shall both July and December see. 

Rob. Heath, Eptgv., p. 38, 1650; 5., P.C., i. ; 

B. Jon., Staple of Newes, ii. i. 

Two good meals-' are better than three bad ones. — Codr., Youth's 

Behavi'., 2nd part, p. 99, advocating the milking of cows 

twice a day only — i.e. at 6 a.m. and 6 p.m. — calls this an old 

* Meal. The milk of a cow produced at one and the same milking. — 
(North.) Hll, 

Barley straw's good fodder when the cow gives water. — R., 1678. 
In the excessively dry autumn of 1894 ^ niash of chopt straw 
and apples was given to their cattle by the farmers of W. 
Somerset, owing to the want of grass. 

Little drops of water added to the milk 

makes the milkman's daughter dress herself in silk. 

(Copied from a MS. on a hoarding, Bristol, Oct., 1884.) 

An ill-willy cow should have short horns. — K. 

The end of the old 

's to keep sheep in the fold. — Ho., Brit. P., p. 11. 

To keep sheep the best life. — Manningham, Diary, 1602-3, f. 101&., 

Camd. Soc. 
A lame shepherd and a lazy dog are the best attendants on a flock 

of sheep. Because they don't overdrive or worry them. — 

Ellis, Modern Husbandman, October, p. 147. 

No two sheep are exactly alike. 

A sheep's belly is the cheapest dung-cart. 

Symmetry well covered. The toast at Holkham drunk to sheep. — 
Quarterly Review, April, '85. 

Small in size, but great in value. — The Leicester sheep introduced 
by Bakewell in 1760. 

The mountain sheep are sweeter, 
but the valley sheep are fatter. 

T. L. Peacock, Misfortunes of Elphin, ch. xi., p. 141. 
A leap year 
is never a good sheep year. — Den. ; (Peeblesshire) Chambers. 

One night out and another night in is bad for horses, but good for 
sheep. — (Manx) Mona Miscellany, ii. 20. 

He that would have his fold full, 

must have an old tup and a young bull ; 

he that will have a full flock, 

must have an old stagge*" and a young cock. 

MS. Royal Society ; cited in Hll. 
* gander, 

He that will have his farm full 

must keep an old cock and a young bull. 

Ellis, Modern Husbandman, p. 94. 

They 'il bite a bit quicker and run a bit thicker. Said of well-bred 
sheep. — Peacock, Lincoln Glossary. 



The lamb where it 's tipped, 
the ewe where it 's cHpped. — K. 

(Rule in tithe-taking.) 
A black sheep is a biting beast. — Bastard, Chvestolevos, iv, 26, 1598, 

p. go. 
The best shepherd that ever run 
can't tell wher a sheep goes twenty weeks or twenty-one (in gestation). 

You may shear your sheep 

when the elder blossoms peep. — Inwards. 

When the white pinks begin to appear, 

then 's the time your sheep to shear. — (Hunts.) 

iV., IV., iii. 575. 
Many frosts and many thowes 
make many rotten yowes, — Den. 

It is a common saying, that the lamb shall not rot as long as it 
sucketh, except the dam want meat. — Fitzherbert, Book of 
Husbandry, f. 28. 

Queso de ovejas, leche de cabras, manteca de vacas. — Nunez, 1555. 
Pigs are either all muck or all money. 

Pigs are always either all gold or all copper. Price fluctuates owing 

to the prolific breeding power. — C. S. Read, M.P., in Daily 

News, 3/4/'85. 
A hog is good for nothing till he is dead. — Ellis, Modern Husbandman, 

November, p. 79. 
There 's no profit got from feeding pigs but their muck and their 

company. — Northall, Folk Phrases of Four Counties. 

Pigs see the wind, i.e. the coming tempest, which makes them the 
most restless of animals. — W. 

There is a proverb which says, " A pig may fly, but it isn't a likely 
bird." — D. Morgan, Budget of Paradoxes, p. 275. 

Pigs are content with mast. — Fulwell, Ars Adulandi G. i. 

Whey will fat a hog, 

and starve a dog ; 

butter-milk will fat a dog, 

and starve a hog. — Ellis, Modern Husbandman, May, p. 132. 

Cochon d'un mois, 

chapon de huit, et 

oison de trois, 

est vray manger de Roy. — Meurier, Dev. Fam. 

He that aath both sheep, swyne, and bees ; sleep he, wake he, he 
may thrive. — Fitzherbert, Book of Husbandry, p. 50. 
An old saying. Much profit in shortest space, with least cost. 
As good to the purse is a sow as a cow. — Tusser. 

A sow doth sooner than a cow 

bring an ox to the plow. — Smyth, Berkeley MSS., 1639. 

Meaning more profit doth arise to the husbandman from a sow 
than a cow. 



Rich doth prove the man who hath the hand 
to bury wives and to have his sheep to stand*. 

Smyth, Berkeley MSS., 1639. 
* be maintained. 

More women than men, 

more pigs than ten ; 

a man will get rich when the devil gets blenf . — 

Transactions Devonshire Association, IX., 191. 
t i.e. blind. 
Unless your bacon you would mar, 
kill not your pig without the R. [in the name of the month]. 

Harland ahd Wn., Lancashire Legends, p. 224. 
Never hit a pig when it is going straight. 

What can ye get of a sow but a grumph ? — Cunningham, Glossary to 

If a deer be once struck, it 's never suffered to herd again. — Torr. 


I have heard old woodmen say : He cannot be a gentleman that 
loveth not a dog. — Northbrook, Against Dicing, 1577; Shak. 
Soc, p. 108. 

A man, a horse, and a dog are never weary of each other's company. 
Wm. Ellis, Shepherd's Sure Guide, p. 9. 1749. 

Nothing so long of memory as a dog. — Nash, Unf. Trav. L. 3. 

Dogs love where they are beloved. — Rowley, Witch of Edmonton, iii. i_ 

Let sleeping dogs lie. 

Cama de chao 

cama de cao. — (Portuguese) Bluteau. 

A gentleman, a greyhound, and a salt-box, seek them at the fire- 
side. — Herb. 

Wake not at every dog's bark. — Dr. 

It is a common proverb : " Dogs bark more from custom than fierce- 
ness." — Wharton, MerUni Anglici, 1647, Preface. 

Beware of a man that does not speak and of a dog that does not 
bark. — Dr. 

Holdfast is the only dog. — Sh., H. V., II., iii. 54. 

The more spaniels, the more game (in hawking). — Aubrey, N. H. 

I have read of this being quoted apropos to the complaint of so 
many lawyers in a town damaging each other. 

A whelp that first doth miss of his game doth never after prove 
worth a haw. — Melb., Pliilotinms, p. 50. 

If you call a dog a dog [to a sportsman] you are undone. — Lyly, 

Midas, iv. 3. 
The spaniel, the more he is beaten the fonder he is. — Lyly, Enphnes, 

p. 109 ; Arb. repr. 



Dogs, easily won to fawn on any man ! — Sh., Rich. II., iii. 2, 130. 

Dog don't eat dog. — Haz., 112. 

The dog offended, the sow suffered (Puniri pro aho). — CI. 

Canis peccatum, sus dependit. — CI. 

Carry a stone in your pocket to throw at a dog. — CI. 

It is a good dog nowadays that '11 come when he's called, let alone 
coming before it. — W. C. Russell, Sailor's Language. 

Any stick will do to beat a dog [with]. 

The dog that killeth the wolf is at length killed by the wolf. — Dr. 

Cufiados y perros bermejos pocos buenos. — N., 1555. 

Of all, and of all, 

commend me to Ball, 

for by licking the dishes he saved me much labour. — R., 1678. 

Ball, a dog. See Privy Purse Exps. of H. VIII., p. 43. 
" Swaggering Ball, the butcher's dog." — S. KowlsLnd, Knave of CliibbeSf 

He was a strong-built ball and an old dog at fisticuffs. — Urq., 
Rabelais, IV., xii. 
This is a translation of ribault (German) — bald, hardi. 

If you will have a good tike, 

Of which there are few like, 

he must be headed like a snake, 

Neckt like a drake, 

backt like a beam, 

sided like a bream. 

Tailed like a bat, 

and footed like a Cat. (A good greyhound.) 

Markham, Country Contentments, 1615, I. 100. 

The first yere he most lerne to fede, 

the second yere to felde him lede, 

the iii yere he is felow lyke, 

the iv yere there is noon syke, 

the V yere he is good inough, 

the vi yere he shall hold the plough, 

the vii yere he will avayle, 

[grete bikkys^' for to assay le] 

the viii yere likladill, 

the ix yere cartsaydlif, 

and when he is commyn to that yere have him to the tanner. 

For the best hounde that ever bikke had, 

At ix yers he is full badde. 

* Contests. f or [wit fadyth]. 

See Bake of St. Albans, Haz., p. 18, where the training of the 
greyhound is given as above. 

Every dog is allowed his first bite. i.e. is not punished. 
A weel-bred dog goes out when he sees them preparing to kick him 
out. — Hen. 

A dog to his vomit and a sow to her wallowing in the mire. — Dr. 



That dog fights best that out of danger plays. 

Optimum est aliena frui insania (Periculum). — CI. 

Fling the dog a bone. — Dr. 

As good to have a dog fawn upon him as bark at him. — Dr. 

Apud causidicos ipsuni silentium est venale. — Cassiod. 

The dog will be patient that 's struck with a bone. — Swift, Vindica- 
tion of a Libel. 

Smite a dog with a bone and he '11 not yowl. — K. 

It is a bad dog that deserves not a crust. — CI. 

It is dangerous to feed another man's dog. — CI. 

The dog waggeth his tail not for you but for your bread. — Dr. 

The dog gnaws the bone because he cannot swallow it. — Cod. 

A dog is made fat in two meals. — Wise, New Forest, p. 179. 

Applied to upstart and purse-proud people. 
Love me and love my dog. — Turberville. 

To his Love that controlled his dog for fawning on her. 


Fish are plentiful when fleas are plentiful. — (Norfolk) iV., III., 
viii. 288. 

Am, This night I purpose to lodge in Dumfries. But who must 

carry our implements and our fish ? 
Theoph. Let us catch 'em first and then consider their portage. 

Franck, Northern Memoirs, 1694 (1638), p. 73, repr. 

Thus [Isaac Walton] and some others dress fish before they 

catch them ; but I approve it requisite to catch them first 

and then at your leisure dress them afterwards. — lb., p. 325. 

No man can be a fisher and want a wife. i.e. do without one, from 

the great assistance they give to fishermen. — Sinclair, Anal. 

of Statistical Ace. of Scotland, p. 52, repr. 

Gi'e your ain fish-guts to your ain sea-mews (gulls). 

A fish-merchant's loss. i.e. when his gains do not come up to the 
maximum level. — Nail, Great Yarmouth, etc., p. 303 n. 

Le poisson puisque il est un coup hors de I'eau, il ne la doit jamais 
toucher. — Joubert, Er. Pop., II. (6). 

II pesce guasta I'acqua, la carne, la concia. — Ho. 

Al sole la carne ed il pesce all' ombra. — Torr. The back of beasts 
and the belly of fish. 

Pesce e femina meglior sotto la panza. — Torriano. 

Le poisson est en chaude saison poison. — Meurier, Dev. Fain., c. 18. 

Es moys qui ne sont point errez, 

du poisson pas ne mangerez. — Meurier, Dev. Fam. 1590. 

Despues de los peces 

malas son las leches. — Nunez, 1555. 



Quien en Mayo come la sardina 

en Agosto caga la espina. — Nunez, 1555. 

Big fish spring out of the kettle. — Nail, Great YarinoutJi, 388. 

As in this county, and in Cash-Houlton especially, there be excellent 
Trouts, so are there plenty of the best Wall-nuts in the same 
place, as if Nature had observed the rule of Physic Post 
Pisces Nuces. — F. W. 

Quien come pechos menudos 
come mierda de muchos culos, 

Porque los pechos menudos andan a la orilla del agua donde las 
mugeres lavian sus trapos. — Nunez, 1555. 

A moller e a sardina 

piquena. — (Portuguese) Nunez, 1555. 

Little fish eat* sweet. — For by, E. Ang. Generally applied to women. 

* Are. 
Better a little fish 
than an empty dish. 
He that catches one fish, fishes on. 
Better sma' fish than nae fish. — Ry. 

Affairs, like salt fish*, ought to lie a good while a-soaking. — Bo. 
(Italian) E. 

* In a pie. 

L'hoste et le poisson, passes trois jours jurent*. — Bacon, Promus 

* ? purent. 

A fresh fish and a poor friend soon grow ill-faured. — ? Cowan. 

Cockles. Cockles and ray 

come in in May. 

Harland and Wn., Lancashire Legends, 224. 

Cod. Called marble-head turkey in Massachussets*. — Cowan. 

* The Codfish State. 
Cod-fish. Aristocracy of New England. 
Cod is not good eating till the snow comes on the water. (Irish,) 

Eels. When the eels be in, the nightingale comes, to be ready to 
sing in May. (Worcester.) 

He has a shd grip that has an eel by the tail. — Ry. 

Silver eels are generally preferred, and I could wish they loved 
men but as well as men loved them. — Fuller, Worthies, 
p. 143, who cites an Italian proverb. 

" Give eels without wine to your enemies." — lb. 
Anguilla empanada 

y lamprea escavechada *. — Nunez, 1555. 

* In sauce, soused. 

Haddock. A January haddock, a February bannock, and a March 
pint of ale. — Denham. 

The haddocks are good 
dipped in May flood. — Haz. 



A cameral"^ haddock 's never guid 
till it gets three days o' May flude. — Mearns. 

* Large, ill-shaped. 

Hake. The West Country parson (from the stripe down its back). 
Abundant on the Devonshire coast. 

Herring. Gentleman Jack Herring, that puts his breeches on his 
head for want of wearing. — Nash, Lenten Stuffe. 

This seems to refer to the packing in straw of the fish in the 
[Herring and ling, herring and ling. — Nail, Gnat Yarmouth, etc., 

396, n.] 
Of all the fish in the sea, herring is the king. — Ho. ; Nash, 

Lenten Stuffe. 
Those blooming days when in youth red herring was king. — 
Melb., Phil., K. 2 ; B. Jonson, Every Man in his Humour, 
i. 3 ; Taylor, 'Jack a-Lent. 

The Persians give him this title, " Shah-mahee." The Caspian 
is full of them. — Morier, Persia, pp. 230, 402. 181 2. 

Dinna gut your herrings till ye get them. 

Don't cry herrings till they are in the net. — Nail. 

Herrings in the land, 

the doctor at a stand. — (Dutch) Nail, Great Yarmouth, 358. 

No herring, no wedding, i.e. a good season promotes marriage 
of fisher-folk. — (Manx) Mona Miscellany, ii. 15. 

Red-herring ne'er spake word but een, 

" Broil my back but not my weam." — R., 1678. 

The herring loves the moonlight, the mackerel loves the wind, 
but the oyster loves the dredging-song, for he comes of a gentler 

See Argyllshire, Haddingtonshire, Norfolk, for sobriquets of 
the herring. 

The herrin's are nae guid till they smell the new hay. — 
(Northumberland) Cowan, Sea Proverbs. 

Mackerel. See Herring. 

Mackerel is in season when Balaam's ass speaks in church. 
The lesson in the old Lectionary (Numbers xxii.) for 2nd 
Sunday after Easter. 

Some suppose that the French term for an April fool, poisson 
d'Avril, is derived from the mackerel, which is credited 
with stupidity and easily taken. — Brady, Cla. Cal. 

Mullet. The red mullet is called " the woodcock of the sea." As 
Pisca Nobile it is sold. 

Come della trigUa 

non la mangia chi la piglia. — Torr. 

Mussel. Comment doit on manger ces monies ? I'une embouchee 
tost ; I'autre en I'oeil ; la troisieme preste a la main et le 
bon vin preste ou prochain. — Meurier, 1590. 



When the pea 's in bloom 
the mussel 's toom*. 

* Empty, or not fit to be eaten. 

Oyster. See Herring. 

The oysters are a gentle kin, 
and winna tak' unless you sing. 

" The Dreg Song," Herd's 5^;. 6\, ii. 164. 

He that eats oysters on St. James' day (August 5th) will never 

want money for the rest of the year. 
King James was wont to say he was a very valiant man who 

first adventured on eating of oysters. — (Essex) F. W. 

Pilchards. Heat and pilchards appear simultaneously on the 
cOast. — Illustrated Itinerary of Coriiwall, p. 108. 1842. 

When the corn is in the shock 
the fish are at the rock. 

i.e. the pilchards are near shore. (Cornwall.) 

Pilot-fish. When you meet the pilot-fish, the shark arn't far ofif. 

Marry at, Peter Simple, xi. 

The jowl of a salmon, the tail of a tench, 

the back of a herring, and the belly of a wench. — Ho. 

The back of an hearing, the poll of a tench, 

the side of a salmon, the belly of a wench. 

Smyth, Berkeley MSS., 1639. 

Salmon and sermon have their season in Lent. — R., 1674. 

Saumon comme sermon 
en caresme ont leur saison. 

Salmone e sermone 

son d'un medesima stagione. — Torr. 

Buena es la trucha, mejor el salmon, 
buena es el savalo, quando es de sazon. — Nunez, 1555. 
Despues de le Ascension ni salmon ni sermon. — lb. 
Salmon de Ginero* al emperador primero, 
y despues contando degrado engrado. — (Asturian) lb. 

* January. 

Shad. Sino te quieres casar como savalo por San Juan. — Pineda. 
Sino te quieres casar 
como savalo por Sant Juan. — Nuiiez, 1555. 

Saval de Mayo 

maleytas para todo el aho. — (Portuguese) Mai Lara,F. F., vi. 13. 


Quand nous venons de I'an au bout 
I'esclefin a perdu son gout. — Meurier, 1590. 

Als wy op eynde van den jare Komen 

zoo is den schelvisch synen smaer benomen. — lb. 

Sole. A sole is the bread and butter of fish. — N., VHI., ix. 448. 
i.e. pleases all and always. 



Sturgeon. Taken in the Hudson River, and called Albany beef. — 
Cowan, Sea Proverbs (American). 

Tench. The tench is the physician of fishes [and they being hurt, 
come to him for cure]. — J. Adams, Works, p. 290. 1629. 
Taci, taci, tenca rugginente 
che chi mangia di te tutto'l di febbre sente. — Torr. 

Trout. Sec Aspen-tree. 

A better fish than trout was never hooked, 
a better fish than shad was never cooked, 
a better thing than this was never crooked*, 
and a better saw than this was never booked. 

Cowan, Sea Proverbs (American). 
* The arm in pouring out drink. 

Butter and burn-trouts gar maidens f . . .* the winde. — Ferg. 

* Force. 

Butter and burn-trouts are kittle meat for maidens. — Ry. 

A burn-trout is one that has been bred in a rivulet, not in a 
river. — J. 

Mottled, dappled, like an April trout. — Franck, Northern 
Memoirs, 1694, P* ^°* 
TuRBOT. Inter pisces rumbus si quis me judice certet 

Inter quadrupedes, gloria prima lepus. — Martial. 


Horses, dogs and servants devour many. — Dr. 

Hounds and horses devour their masters. — CI. 

It is not poor Actaeon's case alone, 

hounds have devoured more masters sure than one. 

W. W., New Help to Discourse, 1656, p. 8. 

Hgec bis bina Canes et Aves, Servique Caballi, 

Dicuntur dominos saepe vorare suos. — Help to Discotirse, p. 79. 1636. 

A horse will bite you at the one end, kick you at the other, and 
make you sore with his middle. — Quoted by Sir H. Maxwell, 
House of Commons, March 7, '83 (Cruelty to Animals). 

The old saying that a horse with a bad name never wins the Derby 
would really seem to have something in it. — " The Art of 
Nomenclature," CornJiill Magazine, May, 1896. 

It was won in the following month by Persimmon. 

A good horse cannot be of a bad colour. — R., 1678. 

No matter whether black or white, so the steed be good. — Quarles, 
Enchiridion, I., Ixxxii. 

In alle haer mach wel een goet paard. — Gruterus, II. 150 bis. 

Cavallo alacan 

no este contigo al Saint Joan. -Nunez, 1555. 

Horses are gude o' a' hues. — Hen. 

Good luck for a grey horse. — Robinson, Dialect of Leeds, 1862, p. 316, 



[Dun] had a black list from the mane to tail, 
Which is a colour that doth seldom fail. 

J. Taylor (W. P.), Short Relation of a Long Journey, 1652. 

Caval sasin o negro 

orbo o pigro. — (Ital.) Nunez, 1555. 

j\Iorel senza segno 

non te ne fidar col pegno. — Torr. 

If you desire a horse you long to serve, 

take the Brown Bay and him with care preserve ; 

the Gray 's not ill, and he is prized far 

that is coal- Black, and blazed with a white star. 

Agreeable Companion, p. 27. 

Better a horse with a full crest than full cratch. — Ho., Brit. P., p. 17. 

Alazan tostado 

antes muerto que cansado. — Nuriez, 1555. 

A flea-bitten horse never lives. — Ben Jon., Bartli. Fair, iv. 3. Cf. 
Porter, Tn/o Angry Women [H., O.P., vii. 280-1]. 

Their blind colours are reputed to be a very dark Grey, the Flea- 
bitten, White-spotted, Peach-blossom and Roan : Black the 
strongest and White the weakest colours [of stallions]. — 
Ellis, Mod. Husb., May, 174. 

A nag with a weamb 

and a mare with nean*. — R., 1670. 

* none. 

A mare should never take horse while she suckles her foal. — Ellis, 
Mod. Hnsb., 176. 

An inch of a nag is worth a span of an averf. — Ferg., 1641. 

t cart-horse. 

An eel-backed dun ne'er left his master ahin.^" — Hen. 

* A Galloway prov. 
The eel-backit din \ 
ne'er laes his master far ahin. 

X dun. 
Grosart gives this as a Galloway prov. in a note to his edition 
of Bishop Hall's Poems. 

" himself a Gallaway ? 
Whiles like a tireling jade he lags half-way ? " 

Sat., IV., iii. 56. 
One foal falling in March is worth two falling in May. Because he 
possesses, as it were, two winters in a year, and is thereby 
so hardened that nothing can almost after impair him. — 
Markham, Country Contentments, 8, 1615. 
A full-aged mare and an old stallion breed the strongest and stoutest 
colts. — Surtees, Plandley Cross, ch. xviii. ; Ellis, Mod. Hush., 
May, 175. 

No foot, no horse, 
[no hock, no hunter ; 
no frog, no foot.] 

Title of a treatise on Farriery by Jeremiah Bridges. London, 
1752, 8vo. 



A good saddle-horse should have the eyes and joints of an Ox, the 
strength and foot of a Mule, the hooves and thighs of an Ass, 
the throat and neck of a Wolf, the ear and tail of a Fox, the 
boldness of a Lion, the quick-sightedness of a Serpent, and 
the lightness and ninibleness of a Hare. — Ellis, Mod. Hnsb., 
May, 172. 

One white foot — buy him ; 

two white feet — try him* ; 

three white feet — look well about himf ; 

four white feet j' — go without him. — IV., V., vii. 64. 

* shy at him. — Ure., Agriculture of Kinross, p. 39. 1794 
t by him. :J: Which is taken for an ill sign. — Torr. 

Balzan da quattro, 

caval da matto ; 

balzan da tre, 

caval da Re ; 

balzan da un, 

nol dar a niun. — 1536. 

Cavallo nigro 

o orbo o pigro. — Torr. 

Four feet fite, fell 'im ; 

three feet fite, sell 'im ; 

twa feet fite, gee 'm to* your wife ; 

ae fit fite, keep 'im a' his life. 

* or keep 'im for. 

Four feet fite, keep 'im not a day ; 

three feet fite, sell 'im in you may ; 

twa feet fite, you may sell 'im to your brether ; 

ae fit fite, dinna sell 'im never. 

Wr. Gregor, Hippie Folk Lore; Folk Lore journal, ii. 160. 

Uno piensa el vago y otro el que lo ensilla. — Nunez, 1555. 

The horse thinks one thing and he that saddles him another. — Codr. 

A good horse draweth himself and his master out of the mire. — Dr. 

A good horse riddes ground apace. — Breton, Crossing of Proverbs, i. 

A great* ruser was never a good rider. — K. 

* good.— Ferg. 
Riding. Your head and your heart keep boldly up. 
Your hands and your heels keep down ; 
Your knees keep close to your horse's sides. 
And your elbows close to your own. — JV., VI., vi. 38. 
There is no secret so close as that between a horse and his rider. — 
Surtees, Plain or Ringlets. 

A boisteous horse, a boisteous snafell. — Tav., f. 4 v. 1539. 
A gentle horse would not be over sair spurred. — Ferg. 

A pair of good spurs to a borrowed horse is better than a peck of 
haver*. — G. Meriton, Yorkshire Ale. 

* oats. 

The best horse will tire soonest if the reins be loose on his neck. — 
T. Adams, Works, p. 936. 




Even the tired horse when he comes near home mends his pace. — 

T. Adams, p. 727 (" The Trot for the Avenue"). 
An early start makes easy stages. 

Gently out and gently in, 

the way to give a horse good skin. 

A horse amongst a hundred and a man amongst a thousand. — Dr. 

The good horse must smell to a pixy. — (S. Devon) Haz. i.e. find 

out the dangerous ground by the smell of the soil. 
Good horses run in all forms, i.e. in various styles. A racing 
proverb. — Daily News, io/4/'84. 
That horses can go in all shapes is an established maxim of the 
stable; but when women are good movers it needs no 
anatomist to assure us that in external structure at least 
they have been " nobly planned." — Whyte Melville, Roy's 
Wife, ch. i. 
A horse should always have his head, a husband never. — Vulgarian 

Atrocities, by H. R. Belward. 1876. 
Not one horse in a thousand suits a single snaffle, and not one man 
in a million is fit to be intrusted with a curb. — N., IV., x. 412. 

Cheval faict, et valet a faire. — Cotg., 161 1. 

He that loves his horses generously will love Woman in abundance. 
— E. Howard, Man of Newmarket, ii. 1678. 

As for having one's horse for one's mistress, quoted Shak., Henry V., 
iii. 7 : see that passage, which is somewhat obscure. It occurs 
in a passage between the '* Dauphin " and the " Constable." 

The master's eye maketh the horse fat. — C, 1614; Tav. ; Melb., 
Philotimus, U. 3. 

The master's eye feeds his horse. — Brathwait, Whimzies, No. 14. 163 1. 

Corn him weei ; he '11 work the better. — Ry. 

Tether your horse by t' teeth an' he'll not go asthray.— P. Robbin's 

Two crowpecks* (scandix pecten Veneris) are as good as an oat for a 
horse ; to which the reply is. That a crowpeck and a barley- 
corn may be. — Wise, New Forest, p. 180. 
[* Shepherd's purse. Hants. — Ed.] 

A bad horse eats as much as a good one — Spurgeon, Saltcellars. 
Each horse his load.— School of Shakespeare. The Honest Lawyer, 

iii. i6i6. Cf. Put the saddle, &c. 
La mula por el toUo"^ y la burra por el polvo y el cavallo por todo. — 
Ndnez, 1555. 

* i.e. Atolledero, a deep, miry place. 
makes Dun draw. — CI. 

Absque baculo ne ingreditur (Metus pcense). — CI. 
A fou man and a hungry horse ay mak haste home. — Ry. 
A fey man and a coosser* fears na the deil. — Cunningham, Burns. 

* Cursour, a stallion. 



You may beat a horse till he is sad, 
and a cow till she be mad. — R., 1678. 

You may break a horse's back, be he never so strong. — CI. 

He that hires the horse must ride first. — CI. 

An two men ride of a horse one must ride behind. — Shak., Much 
Ado, iii. 5, 35. 

If two ride upon a horse one must sit behind. Meaning that in each 
contention one must take the fore.— Smyth, Berkeley MSS. 

It takes three tumbles from the saddle to make one a horseman. 

It is bad to swop horses when crossing a stream. — President Lincoln. 

It is as usual to see a young serving-man an old beggar as to see a 
light horse first from the great saddle of a nobleman to come 
to the hackney coach and at last die in drawing a car. — 
Fuller, Holy St., vii. 6. 

In some men's ought f mon the old horse die. — Ferg. 

t or ownership. fdent. 

Many a good horse dies of the fashions]:. — W. of England correspon- 

„ ,, ,, has died of the fashion. — Akerman, Wiltshire Tales. 

I farcy. 
(Applied to slaves to fashion. — JV., IV., vii. 221.) 
See Shak., Taming of the Shretv, iii. 2, 49. 

Which makes them [goldsmiths] by an admirable skill 
To live by that which many a horse doth kill. 
Which is the Fashions. — Taylor, Praise of Hempseed. 

A galled horse never wincheth till he be touched. — Melb., Phil. L. 

If you want to be cheated, buy a horse. 

He that 'lacks my mare 

would buy my mare. — K. i.e. disparages. 

Quien dize mal de la yegua 

esse la lleva. — Percival, Spanish Grammar, 1599 ; Dial., vi. 

Fair Diomed, you do as chapmen do, 
Dispraise the thing that you desire to bu)'. 

Shak., Troilusand Cressida, iv. i, 77. 

It is naught, it is naught, saith the buyer ; but when he is gone his 
way, then he boasteth. — Prov., xx. 14. 

Quien conipra cavallo, compra cuydado. — Nunez, 1555. 

Passo levato, trotto sciolto, galloppo gagliardo, carriera veloce. — 

Overtrain, overstrain. 

Quelles sont les qualites que doit un bon cheval ? 

Quatre choses en soy longues, quatre courtes et quatre larges. 

Long col, longues jambes, longs crins et coue Large de pied, 
de croupe narines, et de gueule. Courte poitrine, court dos, 
courtes oreilles et courte teste. — Meurier, D. F., 1590. 



Enoharhns (aside to Agrippa). Will Caesar weep ? 

Agrippa (aside to Eno). He has a cloud in 's face.* 

Eno (aside to Agrippa). He were the worse for that were he a horse; 

So is he being a man. — Shak., Ant. and Cko, iii. 2, 57. 

* A dark spot between the eyes, giving the horse a wicked look. 
Up hill spare me ; down hill tak' tent o'*' thee. — Ry. i.e. tak' care. 


Up hill whip me not ; 

down hill .... hurry me not ; 

loose in stable . . forget me not ; 

of hay and corn . . rob me not ; 

of clean water . . stint me not ; 

with sponge and brush neglect me not ; 

of soft, dry bed . . deprive me not. — Haz., p. 144. 

tired or hot . . . leave me not. 

Sick or cold . . . chill me not. 

with bit or reins . . oh jerk me not ; 

when you are angry . strike me not. 

A Horse's Petition to his Driver. A placard on the walls, 
March, 1885. 

Up the hill trot me not ; 

doon the hill gallop me not ; 

in the fair road spare me not ; 

in the stable forget me not. (N. E. Scotland.) 

Hippie Folk Lore, by Walter Gregor, Folk Lore Journal, ii. 106. 

Air ingiu tutti i santi ajutano 

ma all insia ci vuol Gesu. — The Century, xxxi. 651. 

A cold stable makes a sound horse, is the country saying. — Saturday 
Review, 12/ ^/'Sy. 

One night out and another night in is bad for horses, but good for 
sheep. — (Manx) Mona Miscellany, 1873, ii. 20. 

Shoeing. Place a bit upo' the tae, 

t' help the horse t' climb the brae ; 
raise the cawker i' the heel, 
t' gar the horsee trot weel. 
Hippie Folk Lore, by W. Gregor ; Folk Lore Journal, 106-9. 

Let your horse drink what he will, but not when he will. — (Spanish.) 

'Tis a maxim in Farriers' Hall that the livelier and quicker a horse 
is the deeper will he thrust his head into the water when he 
drinks, as the duller and slower the more shallow. — Help to 
Disce., 1648, p. 371. 

Tell me, thou gentle Troian, dost thou prize 

Thy brute beast's worth by their dams' qualities ? 

Say'st thou this colt shall prove a swift-paced steed 

Only because a jennet did him breed ? 

Or say'st thou this same horse shall win the prize 

Because his dam was swiftest Trunchefice ? 

Or Runcevall his sire, himself a Galloway ? — Bishop Hall, Sat. 

VOL. I. 449 29 


A hackney under 14 hands, of Spanish or Moorish race, dun 
with a black ridge on back, now nearly extinct. Of him it 
was said in Galloway : 

The eel backit din 

Ne'er laes his master far ahin'. 

A Jiovse master is he that buyeth wild horses or colts and breedeth 
them and selleth them again wild, or breaketh part of them 
and maketh them tame, and then selleth them. A corser is he 
that buyeth all ridden horses and selleth them again. The 
horse-leech is he that taketh upon him to cure and mend all 
manner of diseases and sorances that horses have. And 
when these three are met, if ye had a poticary to make the 
fourth, ye might have such four that it were hard to trust the 
best of them. — Fitzherbert, Book of Husbandry, f. 50. 1534. 

In selling your horse praise his bad points, and leave the good ones 
to take care of themselves. 

A dead man's stock always sells well. — World, i8/io/'g3 (on Lord 
Calthorpe's Stud sale). 

What said Oud Jones ? Yo' never seen a grey foal nor a bad- 
tempered young Soman : its despert odd wheer all the scoldin' 
wives and white 'orses come from. — Johnson, Shropshire Folk 
Lore, p. 588. 

Grey horses are roans when foaled. 

A cursed toad of a horse, whose colour, though white, never boded 
me any good, not only threw me, but rolled over me. — Ozell, 
translation of Brantome's Spanish Rhodomantade, 1774, Adver- 


If bees swarm in May 

they're worth a pound next day. — N., I., ii. 512. 

A swarm of bees in May 

is worth a load of hay, 

but a swarm in July 

is not worth a fly. — R., 1678. 

[a swarm in August 

is not worth a dust.] 

A swarm of bees in June 

is worth a silver spoon. — Miege, Gt. French Dictionary, 1687. 

A play of bees in May 

is worth a noble the same day, 

a play in June 

's perty soon, 

a play in July 

's nod worth a butterfly.— Jackson, Shropsliive Word Booh. 

A May's swarm is worth a mare's foal. — W. Lawson, The Orchard^ 
p. 100. 1625. 



Big bees fly high, 

little bees make the honey ; 
poor men do the work, 

rich men get the money. — Wr. White, Month in Yorkshire, p, ii. 

The Posie thereto annexed, '* Prolixior est brevitate sua," as much 
to say as, " Burn Bees and have bees," and "hair, the more 
it is cut, the more it comes." — Nash, Have with you to Saffron 
Walden, Ep. 1596. 

A still bee gathers no honey. — (Gloucester) Northall, Folk Phrases of 

Four Counties. 
A bee was never caught in a shower. — Inwards. 

If bees stay at home, 

rain will come ; 

if they fly away, 

fine will be the day. — Inwards. 

The loudest bummler 's na the best bee. — Cunningham, Glossary to 

If you kill one Avasp, three come to his funeral. 

If you kill one flea in March, you kill an hundred. 

La pulga si la mataren en la una 

espere la su marido a la luna ; 

y si la matare en el fuego 

no la espere, casa se luego. — Nunez, 1555. 

Nits will be lice. (Ascribed to Cromwell.) 

Plenty of ladybirds, plenty of blight. — N., I., xi. 416. But the 
latter (aphidae) being consumed by the former, the hops are 
saved. The East wind brings both across the German Ocean. 

If the ether 'ad the blindworm's ear, 
an' the blindworm 'ad the ether's eye, 
neither man nor beast could safe pass by. 

Jackson, Shropshire Word Book. 

Fools and foumards* can't see by dayleet. — N., IX., ii. 88. 

* Foumarts (polecats). 
When the glow-worm lights her lamp 
the air is always damp. — Inwards. 

Quando llueve y haze sol 

coge el caracol*. — Nufiez, 1555. 

* Snail. 
'Tis time to cock your hay and corn 
when the old donkey blows his horn. 

Farmer's Mag. in N., II., xii. 304. 
A los anos mil 
buelva la liebre a su cubil. — Nuiiez, 1555. 

The monkey won't talk lest he should be set to work. 

You may tiddle"^ a monkey till he befouls your trenchudf. — 
Salisbury, S.E. Worcestershire Words and Phrases. 
i.e. pet. — Hll. t Trenchard. 




Rats quit a falling house. — J. Wilson, Belphegov, i. 1691. 
I hold a mouse's wit not worth a leke 
That hath but one hole for to sterten to. 

Chaucer, Wife of Bath, ProL, 572. 
Catch a weasel asleep. 


Apples, pears, hawthorn quick, oak : Set them at AU-HoUontide 
and command them to prosper, set them at Candlemas and 
entreat them to grow. — P. in R., 1678. 

Set trees poor and they will grow rich ; set them rich and they will 
grow poor. — P. in R., 1678. 

Remove them always out of a more barren into a fatter soil. — 
R., 1678. 

Planting of trees is England's old thrift. — El. Ex. 

Plant a tree : it will grow while you sleep. 

The tree is known by its fruit. 

Like tree, like fruit. — CI. 

He that delights to plant and set 

Makes after-ages in his debt. — G. Wither, Emblems, i. 35. 

Trees never bear, unless they first do blow. — Herrick, ii. 130. 

We'en wullers^^ han laves as large as a mouse's ear, 
then sniggles t they'n run they dunna car' weer. 

Jackson, Shropshire Word Book. 
* Alders. t Eels. 

When the bud of the aul* 's as big as his eye, 
the trout is in season in the river Wye. 

Sir G. C. Lewis, Henfordshivc Glossary. 
* Alder. 

Apple. An apple-tree is up and down in a man's life. i.e. its 
growth and decay correspond. 

It is commonly said by farmers that a good pear or apple costs 
no more time or pains to rear than a poor one. — Emerson, 
Nominalist and Realist. 

AsH. May your footfall be by the root of an ash-tree. i.e. because 
of the firm footing, the roots acting as drain-pipes. 

This lop when green burns the best of any, which makes the 

country folks rhyme it and say, It 's a fire for a Queen. 
Avoid an ash, 
it courts the flash*. — Folkard ; Ellis, The Timber-Tree, i. 6. 1750. 

* Lightning. 
Burn ashwood green, 
'tis a fire for a queen ; 
burn ashwood sere, 
'twill make a man swear. 
See Oak. 



If green ash may burn before a queen, withered willows may be 
allowed to burn before a lady. — F. W., Cambridgeshire, p. 148. 

When the aspen leaves are no bigger than your nail 
is the time to look out for truff* and heel. 

N., I., ii. 511 ; R. J. King. 
* ? bruff. 

Beech in summer, oak in winter. (Season for felling.) 

The wood of the beech felled about Midsummer will last three 
times longer than that felled in winter. — Ellis, The Timber- 
Tree Improved, p. 59. 

The Beech by its large bud about Christmas indicates a wet to follow. — Friend, 220. 

Birk * will burn if it was burn-drawn f ; 
saugh| will sob if it was summer-sawn §. — K. 

* Birch. + i.e. through the water. | Willow. § i.e. it won't burn. 
Heart of oak is stiff and stout ; 

Birch says, If you keep me dry I '11 see it out. 

Havergal, Herefordshire Words, p. 49, 

An eldern stake and blackthorn ether* 

will make a hedge to last for ever. — (Wilts.) 

Akerman, Wilts Glossary, p. 18, reports a saying that an elder 

stake will last in the ground longer than an iron bar of the 

same size. 

* Ether, Edder The top band of a fence, the wands of hazel, &c., woven 

in along the top of a "dead hedge" or wattled fence to keep it 
compact — Dartnell and Goddard, Wiltshire Words (E. Dialect Soc ) 

Elm. a good elm never grew on bad ground. See Oak. 

The elm and the vine do naturally so entwine and embrace 
each other that it's called " the friendly vine." Who can 
tell why ? — Daniel Rogers, Matrimoniall Hon., 147. 
Fir. See Oak. 

If you would a good hedge have, 
carry the leaves to the grave. — P. tit R., 1678. 
A hedge lasteth three years, a dog three hedges, a horse three 
dogs, a man three horses, a hart three men, an elephant 
three harts. — Ho., Parley of Beasts, p. 64. 
Mountain, Ash. 

Rowan-tree or reed 

put the witches to their speed. 

Mulberry. After the mulberry-tree has shown green leaf, there 
will be no more frost. — (Gloucestershire) III. L.N. , 19/1 i/'8i . 

It is but a sympill oke 

that [is] cut down at the first stroke. — Paston Letters, 1477. 
And under same year it occurs again as " a febyll oke." 



Little strokes 

fell great oaks. — R., 1670. See Many strokes. 
Three hundred years an oak expands in growth, 
three hundred years in majesty stands forth, 
three hundred years declines and wastes away, 
then dies and takes three hundred to decay. 

(Welsh) lolo MSS. 
Oak, ash, and elm-tree 
the Laird may hang for a' the three ; 
but fir, saugh*, and bitter weed 
the Laird may fiyte but mak' naethen be'et. 

Britten and Holland, Dicty. 
* Sallow (poplar). 

When the oak puts on his gosling gray 
'tis time to sow barley night and day. — Den. 
One oak growing upon clay is worth any five which grow on 
sand. — Markham, English Husbandman, IL, 43. 1635. 

You must look for grass on the top of the oak-tree. Because 
the grass seldom springs well before the oak begins to put 
forth. — R., 1670. 

If buds the ash before the oak you '11 surely have a summer's 

but if behind the oak the ash is you '11 only have a few light 


If the oak 's before the ash 

then you '11 only get a splash, 

if the ash precedes the oak 

then you may expect a soak. — N., I., v. 71. 

In N. Yorkshire the reverse is held. — Science Gossip, iv. 233. 

If the oak is out before the Ash 
'twill be a summer of wet and splash, 
but if the Ash is before the oak 
'twill be a summer of fire and smoke. 

Friend, Flowers and Floicey Lore, 219. 
If the oak 's before the ash, 
then the summer 's dry and nash, 
be the ash before the oak 
then the summer 's wet and soak. 
smoke ; 
squash. — Dyer, E. F. L., [Kent.] 

Pear. Plant pears 

for your heirs. 

Poplar. See Oak. 

Saffron. Mucho duelo cubre acafran. — Nunez, 1555. 

Sallow. See Oak. 

Be the oak neer so stout, 

the sollar red will wear it out. 



A sallow, red-barked and when about a foot in diameter, is 
red-hearted, and when cut before it is worm-eaten and kept 
dry is said to last as long as the oak for hurdles, rails, &c. — 
Ellis, The Timber-Tree Improved, i. 98. 


A woman, a whelp, and a walnut-tree, 

the more you bash 'em the better they be. 

'Tis better to cudgel off the fruit when dropping ripe than 
to gather it by hand. Some believe that the beating 
improves the tree. — Ellis, The Timber-Tree Improved, p. 178 
(The Walnut). 1750. 

He who plants a walnut-tree expects not to eat of the fruit. — F. 

Sobre a sombra da nogueira nao te dietas a dormier. — (Portu- 
guese) Bluteau. 

Willow. A willow will buy a horse before an oak will purchase 
his saddle. — F. W. 

Belladonna. An escape from monastic gardens : the apothecaries' 
gardens Valley near Furness Abbey, called Valley of 


Vendi la tonica * 
per comprar la Bettonica. — Ho. 

* Coat. 
Aver piu virta 
Piii conosciuta che la betonica. — Torr. 


I, borage, 
give courage. 

Dicor borago, 
" Gaudia semper ago." — [Burton, Anat. of Mel., pt. H., sec. 4, 
mem. i, sub. -sec. 3. — Ed.]. 

Butter-dock. (Petasites vulg.) Beware of a breed if it be but a 
butter-dock. — (Shropshire) Britten and Holland, Diet., p. 28. 


If you set it 

the cats will eat it, 

if you sow it 

the cats will not know it. — Millar, Botanical Dicty. 


The camomile, the more it is trodden on the faster it grows. — 
Shak., / H. IV., ii. 4, 389. 

and pressed down the 

more it spreadeth. — Lyly, Euphues. 

the sweeter smell it 

yieldeth. — Greene, Philomela. 1595. 
trod down the more it grows. — 

Marston, Parasiiaster. 



The camomile shall teach thee patience, 

which thriveth best when trodden most upon — Epigr., 1608. 

Like a camomile bed, 

the more it is trodden the more it will spread. — Friend, p. 216. 

Charlock. The gule is the Charlock (Brassica sinapestris). 

The gule, the Gordon, and the hoodie craw 

are the three worst enemies Moray e'er saw. — N., IV., xii. 


When the hair beard ^ appear 
the shepherd need not fear. 

* A harbinger of Spring, 
Luzula compestris. — Britten and Holland. 

CucKOO-PiNT (Arum maculatum). 

Dog's dibble, 

thick in the middle. — (N. Devon) Britten and Holland. 

Darnel. The dunghill will carry the darnel to the field, i.e. it is 
of so hardy nature and so difficult to kill that it will often 
endure a winter's lodgment in the dung and yet grow when 
brought with it to the field. — EUis, Mod. Husb., viii. 303. 


Cuando la sangre del drago salta 

llegar la desdicha nunca falta. — (Tenerife.) 


Enula campana reddit praecordia sana (Elecampane). — T. 
Adams, Works, p. 1045. 1629. 


Sowing fennel is sowing sorrow. — Friend, Fl. L. 

Fern. Where the fern grows tall, anything will grow. 

tutte le piaghe salda. 


She that is fair and fair would be 

must wash her face with fumitory. — Forby, E. A . 

If you wish to be pure and holy, 
wash your face with fevertory. 

Dartnall and Goddard, Wiltshire Words (E. D. S.). 


Wilhelms Gray, sine gratia, 

Myne ain deir cusing, as I wene, 
Qui nunquam fabricat mendacia. 

But quhen the Holyne growls grene. 

W. Dunbar, Poems, i. 139, ii. 321. 1475 — 1530. 

Mercury (Chenopodium). — See Dietary. 



Mint. la menta 

se si ama di cuore non rallenta. — (Abruzzi) De G., Myth. 

Nettles. Nettles don't sting this month. A catch on the last two 

Pimpernel or Burnet. 

No heart can think, no tongue can tell, 
the virtues of the pimpernel. 

i.e. the common burnet. Evelyn [Acetavia, p. 55, 1699) 
commends its use in wine. 
La pimpinella 
fa la donna bella. — Tor. 

L'insalata non e tuonne bella 
dove non e la pimpinella. 

Poppy (Papaver Rheas). 

Called head-aches, from the odour. 

When head-aches rattle, 

pigs will sattle*. — Britten and Holland, Plant Names, p. 248. 

* i.e. fall in price, about July. 
More head-aches than arnings (bad, sandy land). — Peacock, 

Lincolnshire Glossary. 
Joan silver-pin, 
fair without and foul within. 

Parkinson, Theatrum Bot. 1640. 

Quaking-grass (Briza media). Trembling jockeys. — (Yorkshire.) 

A trimmling jock i' t' house 

an' you weant hev a mouse. — Dyer, F. L. of Plants, 1889, p. 143. 

Because they dislike it. 

Reeds. No reeds, but there is some water. — B. E., New Did. of the 
Canting Crew. 

Rosemary. Where rosemary flourishes, the lady rules. — Friend, 
Flowers and Flower Lore, p. 217. 

Rue. La ruta 

ogni male stuta. — De G. 

Si supiesse la muger las virtudes de la ruda, buscalla ya de 
noche a la luna. — Nunez, 1555. 

Rush. Step on a rasher-bush and it will no deceive ye. i.e. a rush- 
plant affords a firm foothold in crossing boggy ground. — 
> Johnston, Flora of Berwickshire. 


Cut thistles in May 
they grow in a day, 
cut them in June 
that is too soon, 
cut them in July 
then they will die. 

Chamberlain, W. Worcestershire Words (E. Dialect Soc). 



Cut 'em in June 

they '1 come again soon, 

cut 'em in July 

they may die, 

cut 'em in August 

die they must. — Jackson, Shropshire F. Love, p. 579. 

Thetch. See Crops. 

A thetch will grow through 
the bottom of an old shoe. 

Valerian (Setwall). See Dietary. 

Venus' Comb (Scandix pectens). 

" Two crow-pecks are as good as an oat for a horse." To which 
the reply is " That a crow-peck and a barley-corn may be." 
— Wise, ISIew Forest, 3rd edn., p. 281. 

Vetch. Vetches are most hardy. 


Pruning. In the Alto Douro the vines are planted on terraces, 
and never allowed to grow higher than